On This Day

Historical Events on May 23

Victory in Battle

1040 Battle of Dandanaqan: Tughril's Seljuk army defeats Ghaznavid force, near Merv (present-day Turkmenistan), brings about the fall of the Ghaznavid Empire

Historic Event

1059 Henri I crowns his son King Philip I (called the Amorous) of France

Historic Event

1275 King Edward I of England orders cessation of persecution of French Jews

  • 1420 Jews of Syria and Austria expelled
  • 1421 Jews of Austria imprisoned & expelled

Historic Event

1430 Joan of Arc is captured at Compiegne and sold to the English

Historic Event

1493 King Charles VIII & Maximilian I of Austria sign Peace of Senlis

  • 1536 Pope Paul III installs Portuguese inquisition

Historic Event

1544 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V recognizes King Christian III of Denmark

  • 1555 Giampietro Caraffa elected Pope Paul IV
  • 1568 Battle of Heiligerlee, Groningen: Dutch rebels beat Spanish, thousands killed
  • 1568 The Netherlands declares independence from Spain

Historic Event

1576 Tycho Brahe given Hveen Island to build Uraniborg Observatory

  • 1609 Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia takes place
  • 1611 Matthias von Habsburg chosen King of Bohemia
  • 1618 Second Defenestration of Prague: Two Catholic Lords Regent and their secretary are thrown out of a window and amazingly are not seriously injured by the 70 foot (21m) fall. Triggers the Thirty Years' War.
  • 1644 Johan Mauritius van Nassau resigns as head of Civil rights activists
  • 1647 Willem II sworn in as viceroy of Holland

Historic Event

1660 King Charles II returns from exile sails from Scheveningen to England

  • 1667 King Afonso VI of Portugal flees

Execution

1701 Captain William Kidd is hanged in London after being convicted of piracy and the murder of William Moore

Victory in Battle

1706 Battle of Ramillies during War of the Spanish Succession.: John Churchill (1st Duke of Marlborough) defeats French; 17,000 killed

  • 1750 Carlo Goldoni's "Il Bugiardo" premieres in Mantua
  • 1774 Chestertown tea party occurs (tea dumped into Chester River)

Historic Invention

1785 Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals

Historic Event

1813 South American independence leader Simón Bolívar enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed El Libertador ("The Liberator")

  • 1844 Declaration of Bab (Baha'i festival) ('Azamat 7, 1)
  • 1845 New York City Police Department (NYPD) is formed, replacing an old night watch system
  • 1853 Buenos Aires gains independence from Argentina (reunited 1859)
  • 1861 3 fleeing slaves enter Fort Monroe, Virginia
  • 1861 Virginia citizens vote 3 to 1 in favor of secession from the Union

Historic Event

1862 Valley Campaign: Stonewall Jackson takes Fort Royal, Virginia

  • 1863 Organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Battle Creek, Michigan
  • 1864 Battle of North Anna, Virginia, 1st of 3 days of fighting
  • 1865 -24] Victory parade in Washington, D.C. (Grand Review)
  • 1865 Flag flown at full mast over White House for the first time since Lincoln was shot

Historic Event

1867 Jesse James gang robs bank in Richmond, Missouri (2 die, $4,000 taken)

  • 1873 1st Preakness Stakes: G. Barbee aboard Survivor wins in 2:43 at Pimlico Race Course, Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1873 Canada's North West Mounted Police Force forms (it didn't get the "Royal" until 1904)
  • 1873 Postal cards sold in San Francisco for 1st time
  • 1878 Attorney John Henry Smyth named US minister to Liberia
  • 1882 6" of snow falls in eastern Iowa
  • 1883 9th Kentucky Derby: William Donohue aboard Leonatus wins in 2:43
  • 1884 12th Preakness: S Fisher aboard Knight of Ellerslie wins in 2:39.5
  • 1887 1st transcontinental train arrives in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1894 William Love hosts groundbreaking ceremonies for Love Canal
  • 1898 1st Philippine Expeditionary Troops sail from San Francisco
  • 1900 Associated Press News Service forms in NY
  • 1900 William Harvey Carney becomes the first African-American soldier awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions in the Civil War at the Battle of Fort Wagner
  • 1901 35th Belmont: H Spencer aboard Commando wins in 2:21
  • 1901 Ottawa Mint Act receives Royal Assent

Victory in Battle

1901 US captures leader of Filipino rebels, Emilio Aguinaldo

  • 1903 1st automobile trip across US leaves San Francisco for New York, (arrives July 26)
  • 1903 1st direct primary election law in US adopted, by Wisconsin
  • 1907 The single chamber Parliament of Finland gathers for its first plenary session.
  • 1908 Dirigible explodes over San Francisco Bay, 16 passengers fall, none killed

Historic Event

1911 NY Public Library building at 5th Avenue dedicated by President William Howard Taft

  • 1915 Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary during WW I
  • 1917 Dutch 2nd Chamber approves 1908 conscription draft
  • 1918 King Oil/Shell refinery on Curacao officially opens
  • 1920 Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical Pacem Dei
  • 1921 Noble Sissle and Eubie Blake's musical "Shuffle Along" premieres on Broadway at Daly's 63rd Street Theatre, New York City [1]
  • 1922 Comedic play "Abie's Irish Rose" premieres at Fulton Theatre, NYC; runs for 2,327 performances (longest run at the time)
  • 1922 Future World Heavyweight boxing champion Gene Tunney suffers his only professional defeat in 15-round unanimous points decision against Harry Greb at Madison Square Garden, NY

Film & TV History

1922 Walt Disney incorporates his 1st film company Laugh-O-Gram Films

  • 1923 Launch of Belgium's SABENA airline: first flight from Brussels to Lympne, England
  • 1926 Hack Wilson is 1st to hit a home run off Wrigley Field scoreboard
  • 1926 Lebanese constitution forms under French mandate
  • 1928 Bomb attack on Italian embassy in Buenos Aires, 22 die
  • 1931 Whipsnade Zoo opens in Bedfordshire, England
  • 1932 Australian cyclist Hubert Opperman sets paced world records 1,384km in 24 hours, and 1,609km (1,000 miles) in 28 hours, 55 minutes, 39 seconds at Melbourne Motordrome

Bonnie and Clyde Killed

1934 American outlaws Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow - Bonnie and Clyde - are killed by police in an ambush near Sailes, Louisiana

  • 1934 The Auto-Lite Strike culminates in the "Battle of Toledo", a five-day melée between 1,300 troops of the Ohio National Guard and 6,000 picketers
  • 1935 1st scheduled night game postponed due to rain (Cincinnati)
  • 1939 British parliament plans to make Palestine independent by 1949

Appointment of Interest

1939 Dmitri Shostakovich appointed professor at conservatory of Leningrad

Historic Event

1939 Adolf Hitler proclaims he wants to move into Poland

  • 1939 Submarine USS Squalus sinks in the Gulf of Maine, drowning 26, 33 remaining crew rescued from a depth of 243 ft (74 m) by divers using newly developed heliox air systems (divers later awarded the Medal of Honor)
  • 1940 1st great dogfight between Spitfires and Luftwaffe

Boxing Title Fight

1941 In his 20th World Heavyweight Boxing title defence Joe Louis knocks out Buddy Baer in round 1 at New York's Madison Square Garden

  • 1943 -24] 826 Allied bombers attack Dortmund

Historic Event

1943 Thomas Mann begins writing his novel Dr Faustus

  • 1944 British and Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo, Italy
  • 1944 Chinese counter offensive at Hunan front
  • 1944 Operation Buffalo: Allied break out from Anzio bridgehead

Historic Event

1945 The Allies arrest the members of the Nazi Flensburg government, including Admiral Karl Donitz, formally dissolving Nazi Germany

  • 1945 German island of Helgoland in the North Sea surrenders to British

Historic Event

1945 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) arrested at Danish boundary

  • 1947 PC Hooft prize forms for literature

Baseball Record

1948 Future Baseball Hall of Fame center fielder Joe DiMaggio hits 3 consecutive HRs as the New York Yankees edge the Indians, 6-5 at Cleveland Stadium

  • 1948 Ramat Rahel gateway to Jerusalem is repossessed by Israel
  • 1949 Federal Republic of [West] Germany created out of the American, British and French occupation zones
  • 1951 Peter Ustinov's "Love of Four Colonels" premieres in London
  • 1951 Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet signed in Beijing, formally establishes Chinese sovereignty over Tibet
  • 1953 78th Preakness: Eric Guerin aboard Native Dancer wins in 1:57.8
  • 1953 WHIZ TV channel 18 in Zanesville, OH (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 World Trade Center dedicated in Ferry Building, San Francisco
  • 1958 US schools 1st use Cliff's Notes

Historic Event

1958 Mao Zedong starts the "Great Leap Forward" movement in China

  • 1958 Explorer 1 ceases transmission.
  • 1959 "Party with Comden & Green" closes at John Golden NYC after 44 performances
  • 1960 "Finian's Rainbow" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 12 performances
  • 1960 "Got A Girl" by The Four Preps hits #24
  • 1960 WGTV TV channel 8 in Athens-Atlanta, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1960 WKBM TV (now WLII) channel 11 in Caguas/San Juan, PR 1st broadcast
  • 1960 WRCA radio changes call letters back to WNBC (NYC)

Baseball Record

1962 Joe Pepitone 2nd Yankee to hit 2 HRs in 1 inning (Joe DiMaggio)

  • 1962 OAS leader general Raoul Salan sentenced to life
  • 1962 Scott Carpenter orbits Earth 3 times in US Aurora 7
  • 1962 15th Cannes Film Festival: "Keeper of Promises" directed by Anselmo Duarte wins the Palme d'Or
  • 1963 NBC purchases 1963 AFL championship game TV rights for $926,000
  • 1963 16th Cannes Film Festival: "The Leopard" directed by Luchino Visconti wins the Palme d'Or
  • 1964 Dale Greig runs female marathon world record (3:27:45)
  • 1965 Franz Jonas elected President of Austria
  • 1965 Pontoon ferry overturned on Shire River, Malawi, kills 150
  • 1967 Government bans submarines near South Africa
  • 1968 AC Milan of Italy win 8th European Cup Winner's Cup against Hamburger SV of West Germany 2-0 in Rotterdam
  • 1968 Beatles open 2nd Apple Boutique at 161 New Kings Road, London

Film & TV History

1969 BBC orders 13 episodes of Monty Python's Flying Circus

  • 1969 Lauwerszee Dike in Holland closes
  • 1969 The Who release rock opera "Tommy"
  • 1969 22nd Cannes Film Festival: "If..." directed by Lindsay Anderson wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film
  • 1970 Grateful Dead's 1st performance outside US, as part of 'The Hollywood Rock Music Festival', in Newcastle under Lyme, England
  • 1970 San Diego Padres beat SF Giants 17-16 in 15 innings
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear test (underground)
  • 1970 A fire breaks out in the Britannia Bridge over the Menai Straits in north Wales contributing to its partial destruction and causing approximately £1,000,000 worth of fire damage
  • 1971 American rock group Iron Butterfly ("In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida") disbands
  • 1974 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974 Italian Red Brigade officer Mario Sossi freed
  • 1975 28th Cannes Film Festival: "Chronicle of the Years of Fire" directed by Mohammed Lakhdar-Hamina wins the Palme d'Or
  • 1977 Benin adopts its constitution

Historic Event

1977 US Supreme Court refuses to hear appeals of Watergate wrong doers H. R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman & John Mitchell

  • 1977 Moluccan extremists hold 105 schoolchildren & 50 others hostage on a hijacked train in Neth, children released May 27, siege ends June 11
  • 1978 AL approves transfer of Red Sox to Jean Yawkey for $15M
  • 1978 General strike in Peru
  • 1979 1st edition of "Wisden Cricket Monthly"
  • 1979 American rock singer-songwriter Tom Petty files for chapter 11 bankruptcy
  • 1979 West-Germany elects Karl Carstens president
  • 1980 ABC Masters Bowling Tournament won by Neil Burton

Cannes Film Festival

1980 33rd Cannes Film Festival: "All That Jazz" directed by Bob Fosse and "Kagemusha" directed by Akira Kurosawa jointly awarded the Palme d'Or

Film Release

1980 Horror film "The Shining" released directed by Stanley Kubrick, starring Jack Nicholson and Shelley Duvall, based on book by Stephen King

  • 1981 Peter Sutcliffe is convicted for the "Yorkshsire Ripper" murders of 13 women at the Old Bailey in London and sentenced to life sentences for each
  • 1981 Barcelona fascists take 200 people hostage
  • 1981 NASA launches Intelsat V satellite, no. 501

Sports History

1981 Puerto Rican boxer Wilfred Benítez (22) becomes the youngest 3-division world champion in history by knocking out WBC World Super Welterweight champion Maurice Hope in 12 rounds in Las Vegas

  • 1982 BBC warns Britain will bomb Argentina
  • 1982 Colin Wilson rides a surfboard 294 miles

Canonization

1982 Pope John Paul II declares "Peerke" Donders a saint

  • 1983 Radio Moscow announcer Vladimir Danchev praises Afghanistan Muslims standing up to Russia; he is removed from the air
  • 1984 Detroit Tigers win AL record tying 16th straight road game

Film Release

1984 "Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom", 2nd in the film series, directed by Stephen Spielberg, produced by George Lucas, and starring Harrison Ford, opens in the US

  • 1984 37th Cannes Film Festival: "Paris, Texas" directed by Wim Wenders wins the Palme d'Or

Film Premiere

1984 Crime epic film "Once Upon a Time in America" directed by Sergio Leone starring Robert De Niro and James Woods premieres at Cannes

Film & TV History

1985 President Ronald Reagan awards Jimmy Stewart the Presidential Medal of Freedom and promotes him to Major General on the Retired List

  • 1986 US & Western Europe veto heavier sanctions against South Africa
  • 1988 Maryland stops sale of cheap pistols on Jan 1, 1990
  • 1988 41st Cannes Film Festival: "Pelle erobreren" directed by Bille August wins the Palme d'Or
  • 1989 3rd American Comedy Award: Paula Poundstone
  • 1989 Angela Visser, 22, of Holland, crowned 38th Miss Universe
  • 1989 Lincoln Square in Bronx named
  • 1989 Cleve loses & drop to 21-22, this is the latest a sub .500 team is in 1st place (AL East)

Cannes Film Festival

1989 42nd Cannes Film Festival: "Sex, Lies, and Videotape" directed by Steven Soderbergh wins the Palme d'Or

  • 1990 Cost of rescuing savings & loan failures is put at up to $130 billion
  • 1990 Dow Jones average hits a record 2,856.26
  • 1990 NY Yankees hit 6 home runs to beat Minnesota Twins 12-0
  • 1990 34th European Cup: Milan beats Benfica 1-0 at Vienna
  • 1991 Last Cubans troops leave Angola
  • 1991 Philadelphia Phillies pitcher Tommy Greene no-hits Montreal Expos, 2-0
  • 1991 San Diego Sockers win 4th consecutive Major Soccer League championship
  • 1991 US Supreme Court bars subsidized clinics from discussing abortion
  • 1992 NY Yankees play in their 4th straight extra inning game

Historic Event

1992 US President George H. W. Bush orders Coast Guard to intercept boats with Haitian refugees

  • 1992 NHL Prince of Wales Conference Final: Pittsburgh Penguins beat Boston Bruins, 4 games to 0
  • 1994 270 pilgrims die in the bustle round Mina, Saudi-Arabia
  • 1994 Roman Herzog elected President of Germany
  • 1994 "Star Trek: The Next Generation" finale airs this week in syndication
  • 1995 47th time opposing pitchers hit HRs, K Foster (Cubs)/M Freeman (Rocks)
  • 1996 Fred Norris of the Howard Stern show changes his name legally to Eric
  • 1997 "King David" closes at New Amsterdam Theater NYC
  • 1997 Mel Karmazin replaces Peter Lund as CEO of CBS TV
  • 1998 The Good Friday Agreement is accepted in a referendum in Northern Ireland with 75% voting yes.
  • 1999 52nd Cannes Film Festival: "Rosetta" directed by Jean-Pierre and Luc Dardenne wins the Palme d'Or

Album Release

2000 Eminem releases 3rd studio album "The Marshall Mathers LP", is fastest ever selling studio album (Grammy - Best Rap Album, 2001)

  • 2001 9th UEFA Champions League Final: Bayern Munich beats Valencia (1-1, 5-4 on penalties) at Milan
  • 2001 Marco Siffredi becomes the first person to snowboard down Mount Everest via the Norton Couloir (some share record accreditation with Stefan Gatt)
  • 2002 The "55 parties" clause of the Kyoto protocol is reached after its ratification by Iceland
  • 2003 The Euro exceeds its initial trading value as it hits $1.18 for the first time since its introduction in 1999
  • 2003 NHL Eastern Conference Final: New Jersey Devils beat Ottawa Senators, 4 games to 3
  • 2004 Part of Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport's Terminal 2E collapses, killing four people and injuring three others.

Music Awards

2006 41st Academy of Country Music Awards: Kenny Chesney, Sara Evans and Keith Urban win

  • 2007 UEFA Champions League Final, Athens: Filippo Inzaghi scores twice as AC Milan beats Liverpool, 2-1 for 7th title
  • 2008 The International Court of Justice (ICJ) awards Middle Rocks to Malaysia and Pedra Branca (Pulau Batu Puteh) to Singapore, ending a 29-year territorial dispute between the two countries.
  • 2010 NHL Western Conference Finals: Chicago Black Hawks beat San Jose Sharks, 4 games to 0
  • 2010 63rd Cannes Film Festival: "Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives" directed by Apichatpong Weerasethakul wins the Palme d'Or

Appointment of Interest

2013 Patrick Roy is named head coach of the Colorado Avalanche, his former team where he won two Stanley Cups

  • 2014 Russia and China veto the U.N. Security Council resolution to establish an International Criminal Court for war crimes in Syria