On This Day

Historical Events on May 25

  • 1085 Alfonso VI of León and Castile captures the Muslim taifa of Toledo
  • 1241 1st attack on Jewish community of Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • 1420 Henry the Navigator is appointed governor of the Order of Christ

Historic Event

1522 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V returns to Spain

Historic Event

1571 Pope Pius V forms The Holy League to fight the Ottomans with other Catholic maritime states including Spain, Venice, Naples and Sicily

  • 1659 Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England, earning the nickname "Tumbledown Dick" as a result of his abrupt fall from power

Historic Event

1660 King Charles II of England lands in Dover

  • 1716 Great Britain and Holy Roman Empire sign the Treaty of Westminster, a defensive pact [1]
  • 1720 The Ship "Le Grand St Antoine" reaches Marseille, bringing Europe's last major plague outbreak. Kills around 100,000
  • 1721 John Copson becomes America's 1st insurance agent
  • 1738 A treaty between Pennsylvania and Maryland ends the Conojocular War with settlement of a boundary dispute and exchange of prisoners.
  • 1784 Jews are expelled from Warsaw by Marshall Mniszek

Historic Event

1787 Constitutional convention opens at Philadelphia, George Washington presiding

  • 1793 Father Stephen Theodore Badin is 1st US Roman Catholic priest ordained
  • 1810 The Primera Junta (local government) is established in Argentina
  • 1810 In the May Revolution, citizens of Buenos Aires expel the Spanish Viceroy Cisneros during Semana de Mayo

Historic Publication

1816 Collection of poems by Samuel Taylor Coleridge published by John Murray in London, including "Kubla Khan" and "Christabel"

  • 1825 American Unitarian Association founded
  • 1837 The Patriots of Lower Canada (Quebec) rebel against the British for freedom.

Historic Event

1842 Christian Doppler presents his idea, now known as the Doppler Effect, to the Royal Bohemian Society, Prague

  • 1844 1st telegraphed news dispatch is published in Baltimore Patriot
  • 1861 John Merryman is arrested under suspension of writ of habeas corpus it later sparks a supreme court decision protecting writ
  • 1862 First Battle of Winchester, Virginia
  • 1864 Battle of New Hope Church, Georgia
  • 1868 Australian Aboriginal Cricket tour of England begins v Surrey Gentlemen
  • 1870 Irish Fenians raid Eccles Hill, Quebec
  • 1876 1st tie in NL history (Athletics & Louisville, 2-2 in 14)
  • 1876 4th Preakness: G Barbee aboard Shirley wins in 2:44.75

Music Premiere

1878 W. S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan's comic opera "H.M.S. Pinafore" premieres in London, their first international success

  • 1887 Gas lamp at Paris Opera catches fire; 200 die
  • 1895 20th Preakness: Fred Taral aboard Belmar wins in 1:50.5

Historic Event

1895 Oscar Wilde sentenced to 2 years imprisonment for gross indecency

  • 1895 The Republic of Formosa is formed, with Tang Ching-sung as the president.
  • 1899 33rd Belmont: R Clawson aboard Jean Beraud wins in 2:23
  • 1900 Retired London fire master Eyre Massey Shaw aged 70 reputedly becomes oldest gold medalist in Olympics for sailing (disputed)
  • 1904 38th Belmont: George Odom aboard Delhi wins in 2:06.6
  • 1906 After 20 straight wins, Boston Pilgrims lose to Chicago White Sox 3-0
  • 1911 Revolution in Mexico overthrows President Jose Porfirio Diaz
  • 1914 British House of Commons passes the Irish Home Rule Bill
  • 1915 Second Battle of Ypres ends with 105,000 casualties
  • 1915 Chicago Whales' Claude Hendrix no-hits Pittsburgh Rebels (Federal League), 10-0

Sports History

1919 Casey Stengel releases a sparrow from under his baseball cap

Sports History

1922 Babe Ruth suspended 1 day and fined $200 for throwing dirt on an umpire

  • 1923 Britain recognizes Transjordan with Abdullah as its leader
  • 1926 Sholom Schwartzbard assassinates Symon Petliura, the head of the Paris-based government-in-exile of the Ukrainian People's Republic

Model T

1927 Henry Ford announces that he is ending production of the Model T Ford

  • 1932 Goofy, aka Dippy Dawg, 1st appears in 'Mickey's Revue' by Walt Disney

Music History

1934 Béla Bartòk's "Enchanted Deer" premieres

World Record

1935 Legendary American athlete Jesse Owens equals or breaks 4 world records in 45 minutes at a Big Ten meet at Ferry Field in Ann Arbor, Michigan; remembered as "the greatest 45 minutes ever in sport"

  • 1935 Babe Ruth hits his last 3 home runs in Pittsburgh, Boston Braves still lose the game 11–7 to the Pirates
  • 1936 The Remington Rand strike, led by the American Federation of Labor, begins
  • 1937 1st airmail letter to circle globe returns to NY
  • 1938 Spanish Civil War: The bombing of Alicante takes place, with 313 deaths.
  • 1939 Carl Storck becomes 2nd NFL president
  • 1940 German troops conquer Boulogne
  • 1940 Golden Gate International Exposition reopens
  • 1941 5,000 drown in a storm at Ganges Delta region in India

Sports History

1941 Ted Williams raises his batting average over .400 for 1st time in 1941

  • 1943 Riot at Mobile, Alabama, shipyard over upgrading 12 black workers
  • 1943 Trident conference in Washington, D.C. (operation plan '43 against Japan)

Radio History

1943 Agnes Moorehead appears in "Sorry, Wrong Number" on the radio program "Suspense", her most successful appearance

Historic Event

1944 Partisan leader Tito escapes Germans surrounding Bosnia

  • 1945 Arthur C Clark proposes relay satellites in geosynchronous orbit
  • 1946 Jordan gains independence from Britain (National Day); Abdullah ibn Hussein becomes King of Jordan
  • 1947 Coal dust explosion rocks Centralia Coal Co's Mine #5 killing 111

PGA Championship

1948 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Norwood Hills CC: Ben Hogan scores a convincing 7 & 6 win over Mike Turnesa in the Tuesday final for his 2nd PGA crown

  • 1948 San Francisco receives its 1st telecast

Execution

1948 Polish war hero Witold Pilecki is executed by communist police after a show trial in Warsaw

  • 1949 Chinese Red army occupies Shanghai
  • 1950 Brooklyn Battery Tunnel opens in NYC

Sports History

1951 NY Giant Willie Mays 1st major league game (goes 0 for 5)

  • 1953 1st atomic cannon electronically fired at Frenchman Flat, Nevada
  • 1953 1st non-commercial educational television station-Houston, Texas
  • 1953 Braves Max Surkont strikes out record 8 Reds in a row
  • 1955 Series of 19 twisters destroy Udall Kansas & most of Blackwell Okla

Catholic Encyclical

1956 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Haurietis aquas

  • 1957 "Shinbone Alley" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 49 performances

Historic Event

1959 Russian premier Nikita Khrushchev visits Angola

  • 1959 US Supreme Courtt rules Louisiana prohibiting black-white boxing unconstitutional
  • 1960 George Crowe's record 11th pinch-hit HR

Historic Event

1961 JFK announces US goal of putting a man on the Moon before the end of decade

Historic Event

1961 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A. Walker takes X-15 to 32,770 m

  • 1962 Isley Brothers release "Twist & Shout"
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Christmas Island (atmospheric)
  • 1962 US unions AFL-CIO starts campaign for 35-hour work week
  • 1963 "Hot Spot" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 43 performances
  • 1963 Great Britain ends its amateur-professional classes in cricket
  • 1963 Organization for African Unity formed by Chad, Mauritania and Zambia

Theater Premiere

1964 Frank Gilroy's dramatic play "The Subject Was Roses", starring Jack Albertson and Martin Sheen, opens at Royale Theatre, NYC; runs for 832 performances; wins Pulitzer Prize, and 2 Tony Awards

  • 1964 Ground is broken for new Busch Memorial Stadium in St Louis; opens in 1966, demolished in 2005
  • 1964 US Supreme Court rules closing schools to avoid desegregation is unconstitutional
  • 1965 Dave Davies of The Kinks knocked unconscious in an on stage scuffle with drummer Mick Avory at Cardiff’s Capital Theatre
  • 1965 India and Pakistan border fights

Boxing Title Fight

1965 Muhammad Ali KOs Sonny Liston at 2:12 of round 1 at Central Maine Civic Center, Lewiston to retain his WBC/WBA heavyweight boxing title

  • 1965 Roel van Duyn, Martijn Ananar & Rob Faado align in Provo
  • 1966 Peru & Argentina soccer fans fight in Lima; 248 die
  • 1966 "Au Hasard Balthazar", French film directed by Robert Bresson, starring Anne Wiazemsky and François Lafarge, is released

Music History

1967 John Lennon takes delivery of his psychedelically painted Rolls Royce

  • 1967 European Cup Final, Estádio Nacional, Lisbon: Glasgow Celtic beats Internazionale, 2-1; first British team to win the Cup
  • 1968 BPAA All-Star Bowling Tournament won by Jim Stefanich
  • 1968 BPAA US Women's Bowling Open won by Dotty Fothergill
  • 1968 Gateway Arch in St Louis dedicated
  • 1968 Rolling Stones release "Jumping Jack Flash"
  • 1968 Unicorn by The Irish Rovers hits #7

Film Release

1969 "Midnight Cowboy" directed by John Schlesinger and starring Jon Voight and Dustin Hoffman is released (Academy Awards Best Picture 1970)

  • 1969 Sudanese government is overthrown in a military coup
  • 1970 3rd ABA Championship: Indiana Pacers beat LA Stars, 4 games to 2
  • 1971 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1971 The Provisional Irish Republican Army throw a time bomb into Springfield Road British Army base in Belfast, killing British Army Sergeant Michael Willetts and wounding seven officers

Boxing Title Fight

1972 Heavyweight Joe Frazier KOs Ron Stander

  • 1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1973 Peronist Hector Campora installed as President of Argentina

Music Single

1973 George Harrison releases single "Give Me Love" in UK

  • 1973 US launches 1st Skylab crew Kerwin, Conrad, Weitz
  • 1973 26th Cannes Film Festival: "The Hireling" directed by Alan Bridges and "Scarecrow" directed by Jerry Schatzberg jointly awarded the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film
  • 1975 29th NBA Championship: Golden Warriors sweep Wash Bullets in 4 games
  • 1975 Cleveland's Dennis Eckersley, debuts shutting out the A's 6-0
  • 1975 Indianapolis 500: Bobby Unser wins rain-shortened race ahead of defending champion Johnny Rutherford and pole-sitter A. J. Foyt for his second Indy title
  • 1977 "Beatles Live! At Star-Club in Hamburg Germany" released

Television Finale

1977 "Brady Bunch Hour" last airs on ABC-TV

  • 1977 Dutch social democratic party wins parliamentary election
  • 1977 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Film Release

1977 Original "Star Wars" movie (Episode IV – A New Hope), directed by George Lucas and starring Mark Hamill, Carrie Fisher and Harrison Ford, first released

  • 1977 21st European Cup: Liverpool beats Borussia Monchengladbach 3-1 at Rome

Sports History

1978 Stanley Cup Final, Boston Garden, Boston, MA: 3-peat for Montreal Canadiens; beat Boston Bruins, 4-1 as Mario Tremblay scores twice; 4-2 series victory

  • 1979 American Airlines DC-10 crashes on takeoff from Chicago killing 273 including 2 on the ground
  • 1979 Israel begins to return Sinai to Egypt
  • 1979 Raul Gonzales of Mexico completes 50,000 m walk in record 3:41:38.4

Film Release

1979 "Alien", directed by Ridley Scott and starring Sigourney Weaver is released

  • 1980 "Musical Chairs" closes at Rialto Theater NYC after 15 performances
  • 1980 Jacek Wszoka of Poland sets high jump record (7'8")
  • 1980 Indianapolis 500: Johnny Rutherford wins from pole position for his third Indy victory; sixth driver to win the race three times

Baseball Record

1981 Boston Red Sox Carl Yastrzemski (41) is 4th to play 3,000 MLB baseball games (Cobb, Musial & Aaron)

  • 1981 Daniel Goodwin scales outside of Chicago's Sears Tower in 7 hours
  • 1981 Rangers' Bill Stein sets AL record with 7 consecutive pinch hits
  • 1982 Ferguson Jenkins becomes 7th pitcher to strike out 3,000 batters
  • 1982 Iranian troops reconquer Khorramshar
  • 1982 STS-4 vehicle moves to launch pad

Music History

1983 "Return of the Jedi" (Star Wars Episode VI), produced by George Lucas first released

  • 1983 1st US National Missing Children's Day is proclaimed
  • 1983 Fire in Nassermeer, Egypt, kills 357
  • 1983 France performs nuclear test
  • 1983 Kirk Gibson (Tigers) & Jorge Orta (Blue Jays) hit inside park HRs
  • 1983 27th European Cup: Hamburg beats Juventus 1-0 at Athens
  • 1984 Det Tigers lose to Seattle 7-3 ends record tying 17 consecutive wins
  • 1984 Red Sox trade pitcher Dennis Eckersley to Cubs for Bill Buckner

Sports History

1985 Allan Border scores 4th successive 1st class 100 (v Derbyshire)

  • 1985 Cyclone ravages Bangladesh; 11,000 killed
  • 1986 95-year-old woman scores a hole-in-one in Florida
  • 1986 Ferry boat Shamia sinks on Maghna River Bangladesh, 600 killed
  • 1986 Hands Across America - 6.5 million people hold hands from California to NY

Baseball Record

1986 KC Royal George Brett gets his 2,000th hit

  • 1986 Virgilio Barco elected president of Colombia
  • 1988 32nd European Cup: PSV Eindhoven beats Benfica (0-0, 6-5 on penalties) at Stuttgart
  • 1989 Eastern Airlines graduates it 1st class of non-union pilots
  • 1989 Mariners trade Mark Langston to Montreal for Randy Johnson

Election of Interest

1989 Mikhail Gorbachev elected Executive President in the Soviet Union

  • 1989 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: Calgary Flames beat Montreal Canadiens, 4-2 to win series 4 games to 2; Flames' first SC title

Music Recording

1989 Weird Al Yankovic records parody song "She Drives Like Crazy"

  • 1991 "People Are Still Having Sex" by LaTour hits #35
  • 1991 Israel evacuates 14,000 Ethiopian Jews
  • 1991 Stanley Cup Final, Metropolitan Sports Center, Bloomington, MN: Pittsburgh Penguins beat Minnesota North Stars, 8-0 for a 4-2 series win; Penguins' first Final series appearance

Film & TV History

1992 Jay Leno becomes permanent host of "The Tonight Show"

  • 1992 NY Yankees score 9 runs before 1st out in 8th inn, beat Brewers 13-7
  • 1992 Oscar Luigi Scalfaro elected President of Italy

Daytime Emmy Awards

1994 Emmy 21st Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci not nominated

Sports History

1994 Mark Messier scores a natural hat trick for the New York Rangers in game 6 of the NHL Eastern Conference Finals

  • 1995 The Bosnian Serb Army kills 72 youngsters in the Bosnian city of Tuzla.
  • 1996 Jennifer Maria Holsten, 18, crowned Miss Filipino-American
  • 1996 1st Super Rugby Final, Eden Park, Auckland: Blues win inaugural title with a 45-21 victory over the Natal Sharks; fullback Adrian Cashmore lands 3 penalties & 3 conversions for the home team

Sports History

1997 Minnesota Twins retire Kirby Puckett's uniform #

  • 1997 Todd and Mel Stottlemyre become 1st father and son to win 100 games
  • 1997 A military coup in Sierra Leone replaces President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah with Major Johnny Paul Koromah.
  • 1997 NHL Eastern Conference Final: Philadelphia Flyers beat New York Rangers, 4 games to 1
  • 1999 The United States House of Representatives releases the Cox Report detailing People's Republic of China's nuclear espionage against the U.S. over prior two decades
  • 2000 Liberation Day of Lebanon. Israel withdraws its army from most of the Lebanese territory after 22 years of its first invasion in 1978.

Cannes Film Festival

2000 53rd Cannes Film Festival: "Dancer in the Dark" directed by Lars von Trier and starring Björk (Best Actress) wins the Palme d'Or

Sports History

2000 Laureus World Sports Awards, Monte-Carlo Sporting, Monaco: Sportsman: Tiger Woods; Sportswoman: Marion Jones (rescinded); Team: Manchester United FC

  • 2001 32-year-old Erik Weihenmayer, of Boulder, Colorado, becomes the first blind person to reach the summit of Mount Everest
  • 2001 54th Cannes Film Festival: "The Son's Room" directed by Nanni Moretti wins the Palme d'Or
  • 2002 A train crash in Tenga, Mozambique kills 197 people.
  • 2002 China Airlines Flight 611: A Boeing 747-200 breaks apart in mid-air and plunges into the Taiwan Strait killing 225 people
  • 2002 47th Eurovision Song Contest: Marie N for Latvia wins singing "I Wanna" in Tallinn
  • 2002 Super Rugby Final, Jade Stadium, Christchurch: Crusaders win 4th title with a 31-13 thumping of the ACT Brumbies; flyhalf Andrew Mehrtens boots 3 penalties, 2 conversions and a dropped goal for the winners
  • 2003 Néstor Kirchner becomes President of Argentina after defeating Carlos Menem. He is the first elected President since the economic crisis.
  • 2003 Indianapolis 500: French born Brazilian driver Gil de Ferran passes Penske teammate and defending champion Hélio Castroneves with 31 laps remaining for his first Indy 500 win
  • 2003 56th Cannes Film Festival: "Elephant" directed by Gus Van Sant wins the Palme d'Or
  • 2005 13th UEFA Champions League Final: Liverpool beats Milan (3-3, 3-2 on penalties)

Ostankino Tower

2007 The Ostankino Tower in Moscow catches fire for the second time

  • 2008 Indianapolis 500: Scott Dixon of New Zealand wins ahead of Vítor Meira and Marco Andretti; 19th winner from pole and first victor from NZ
  • 2008 61st Cannes Film Festival: "The Class" directed by Laurent Cantet wins the Palme d'Or

Sports History

2008 Senior PGA Championship Men’s Golf, Oak Hill CC: Jay Haas wins his second title in the event by 1 stroke from Germany’s Bernhard Langer

  • 2009 North Korea conducts its second nuclear test while also conducting several missile tests
  • 2009 Thailand’s economy shrank more than expected in the first quarter of 2009, contracting the most in a decade and plunging the nation into recession

Historic Event

2011 Oprah Winfrey airs her last show, ending her twenty five year run of The Oprah Winfrey Show

  • 2012 Up to 116 people are massacred, including women and children, by the Syrian army in Houla, in the Homs province