Historical Events on May 26

  • 451 The Battle of Avarayr between Armenian rebels and the Sassanid Empire takes place. The Armenians are defeated militarily but are guaranteed freedom to openly practice Christianity.
  • 961 German King Otto II crowned
  • 1328 William of Ockham [Occam] forced to flee from Avignon by Pope John XXII
  • 1526 Four remaining ships of the Spanish Laoisa Expedition sail into the Pacific Ocean, soon be separated in a storm, only one will successfully cross to reach the Spice Islands)

Historic Event

1538 Geneva expels John Calvin and his followers from the city. Calvin lives in exile in Strasbourg for the next three years.

  • 1596 England, France & Netherlands sign Drievoudig Covenant against Spain
  • 1637 Mystic Massacre: in 1st battle of Pequot War in Connecticut about 500 Pequot Native Americans are killed by Colonial forces
  • 1647 Alse Young becomes the first person executed as a witch in the American colonies, when she is hanged in Hartford, Connecticut
  • 1647 Massachusetts disallows priest access to colony
  • 1736 Battle of Ackia (Louisiana), British & Chickasaw Indians defeat French
  • 1770 The Orlov Revolt, a first attempt to revolt against the Turks before the Greek War of Independence ends in disaster for the Greeks.
  • 1781 Bank of North America incorporates in Philadelphia
  • 1790 Territory South of River Ohio created by US Congress
  • 1798 British kill about 500 Irish insurgents at the Battle of Tara

Royal Coronation

1805 Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned King of Italy

  • 1824 Brazil is recognized by the US
  • 1828 Mysterious feral child Kaspar Hauser is discovered wandering the streets of Nuremberg
  • 1834 Portuguese Civil war ends, Dom Miguel capitulates

The Case of Dred Scott in the United States Supreme Court

1857 US slave Dred Scott and family freed by owner Henry Taylor Blow, only 3 months after US courts ruled against them in Dred Scott v. Sandford

Historic Event

1860 Giuseppe Garibaldi occupies Palermo, Italy

  • 1861 Union blockades towns of New Orleans and Mobile
  • 1861 US Postmaster General Blair announces end of postal connection with South
  • 1864 -30] Skirmish along the Totopotomoy Creek, Virginia
  • 1864 Battle of Dallas, begins near Paulding County, Georgia (Atlanta Campaign), Union victory (US Civil War)
  • 1864 Territory of Montana formed
  • 1865 Battle of Galveston Texas, surrender of Edmund Kirby Smith
  • 1868 US President Andrew Johnson is acquitted by the Senate by one vote during his impeachment trial
  • 1869 Boston University is chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
  • 1874 2nd Preakness: William Donohue aboard Culpepper wins in 2:56.5
  • 1876 HMS Challenger returns from 128,000-km oceanographic exploration
  • 1883 11th Preakness: G Barbee aboard Jacobus wins in 2:42.5

Cricket History

1884 Australian cricket fast bowler Fred Spofforth takes 7-34 & 7-3 against an England XI in a tour match in Birmingham; match over in just 4 hours

  • 1887 Racetrack betting becomes legal in NY state
  • 1894 German Emanuel Lasker becomes undisputed World Chess Champion by beating Austrian-American defending titleholder Wilhelm Steinitz, 10-5 (4 draws) in Montreal, Canada
  • 1896 Dow Jones index begins with an average of 12 industrial stocks (closing is 40.94)
  • 1896 James Dunham murders six people in Campbell, California

Royal Coronation

1896 Last Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, crowned

Historic Publication

1897 "Dracula" by Irish author Bram Stoker is published by Archibald Constable and Company in London

  • 1898 32nd Belmont: F Littlefield aboard Bowling Brook wins in 2:32
  • 1898 San Francisco approves City Charter, allows Municipal ownership of utilities
  • 1900 British troops under Ian Hamilton attack the Vaal in South Africa
  • 1904 In two days of bitter fighting, the Japanese Army soundly defeats the Russians at Kinchan and captures the forts at Nanshan
  • 1905 A pogrom against Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • 1906 Archaeological Institute of America forms
  • 1906 Vauxhall Bridge is opened in London, England
  • 1907 Chicago White Sox pitcher Ed Walsh no-hits NY Highlanders, 8-1 in 5 inning game
  • 1908 At Masjed Soleyman (مسجد سليمان) in southwest Persia, the first major commercial oil strike in the Middle East is made, rights acquired by the United Kingdom
  • 1908 Mr & Mrs Jacob Murdock and their children become 1st family to travel across United States by car: Los Angeles to NYC in a Packard Thirty (32 days, 5 hours and 25 minutes)
  • 1911 Germany passes legislation organizing Alsace and Lorraine as an autonomous state with a legislature
  • 1913 Emily Duncan becomes Great Britain's first woman magistrate
  • 1913 US Actors' Equity Association forms (NYC)

Election of Interest

1915 H. H. Asquith forms a coalition government in the United Kingdom

  • 1917 Walt Cruise hit 1st HR out of Braves Field
  • 1918 Armenia defeats the Ottoman Army in the Battle of Sardarapat
  • 1918 Georgian Social Democratic Republic declares independence from Russia
  • 1919 The Supreme Council of Allies, meeting at Versailles, decides to recognize two White Russian leaders, Admiral Kolchak and General Denikin, and support them against the Bolsheviks
  • 1923 Inaugural 24 Hours of Le Mans endurance race for cars starts through public roads around Le Mans, France; inaugural winners: André Lagache and René Léonard (France) for Chenard & Walcker
  • 1923 Socialist Workers Youth International forms in Hamburg

Historic Event

1924 US President Calvin Coolidge signs Immigration law restricting immigration

Sports History

1925 Babe Ruth is finally out of bed, 5 weeks after ulcer surgery

Baseball Record

1925 Future Baseball Hall of Fame center fielder Ty Cobb is first to collect 1,000 extra-base hits when he doubles in Detroit Tigers' 8-1 win against the Chicago White Sox at Comiskey Park

  • 1926 Lebanon adopts constitution

Model T

1927 Henry Ford and the Ford Motor Company produce the last (and 15th million) Model T Ford / Tin Lizzie

  • 1930 Supreme Court rules buying liquor does not violate the Constitution
  • 1932 Admiral Makoto Saito forms parliament in Tokyo
  • 1933 2nd emergency Dutch government of Prime Minister Hendrikus Colijn forms

Sports History

1933 Phillies Chuck Klein hits for cycle vs St Louis Cards

  • 1934 Century of Progress Exposition reopens in Chicago
  • 1936 1st government of Zealand in Belgium ends
  • 1937 Dutch Rail NV at law forms
  • 1938 US House of Representatives Committee on un-American Activities forms

Historic Event

1940 1st successful helicopter flight in US: Vought-Sikorsky US-300 designed by Igor Sikorsky

  • 1941 Aircraft from HMS Ark Royal sights German battleship Bismarck

Historic Event

1941 American Flag House (Betsy Ross' Home) given to city of Philadelphia

  • 1941 German occupiers begin youth labor
  • 1942 Anglo-Soviet Treaty signed in London
  • 1942 Belgium Jews are required by Nazis to wear a Jewish star
  • 1942 Tank battle at Bir Hakeim: Afrika Korps vs British army
  • 1943 Edwin Barclay of Liberia becomes first president of a black country to visit US
  • 1943 Jews riot against Germany in Amsterdam

Historic Event

1943 Prime Minister Winston Churchill & General Marshall fly from US to North Africa

  • 1945 US drop fire bombs on Tokyo

Sports History

1946 2-for-42 & hitting .048 for 1946, Mel Ott stops playing baseball

  • 1946 Communist Party Leader Klement Gottwald becomes Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia

Music Concert

1946 Darius Milhaud's 3rd Concert for piano/orchestra premieres in Prague

  • 1948 Entire Hagana-arm forces sworn-in as Israeli soldiers
  • 1948 South Africa elects a nationalist government under D. F. Malan with an apartheid policy
  • 1951 Vaughan Williams' "Pilgrim's Progress" premieres in London
  • 1953 Dutch Convair crashes at Schipholweg, 2 die
  • 1955 "7th Heaven" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 44 performances

Election of Interest

1955 Conservatives led by Anthony Eden win British parliamentary election

Historic Event

1955 Khrushchev arrives in Belgrade

  • 1956 A fire on board the aircraft carrier USS Bennington in Narragansett Bay, off Rhode Island, kills 103 crew

French Open Men's Tennis

1956 French Championships Men's Tennis: Australian Lew Hoad wins his first and only French title; beats Sven Davidson of Sweden 6-4, 8-6, 6-3

French Open Women's Tennis

1956 French Championships Women's Tennis: American Althea Gibson wins her only French singles title; beats Angela Mortimer of England 6-0, 12-10

  • 1956 Reds' John Klippstein, Hershel Freemman & Joe Blacks no-hitter, broken up with 2 outs in 10th & lose to Braves in 11th, 2-1
  • 1958 Ceylon emergency crisis proclaimed
  • 1958 Union Square, San Francisco becomes state historical landmark
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
  • 1959 Harvey Haddix pitches 12 perfect innings, loses in 13th
  • 1961 Freedom Ride Coordinating Committee establishes in Atlanta
  • 1961 USAF bomber flies Atlantic in a record of just over 3 hours
  • 1962 "All American" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 80 performances

French Open Men's Tennis

1963 French Championships Men's Tennis: Australian Roy Emerson beats home favourite Pierre Darmon 3-6, 6-1, 6-4, 6-4

  • 1963 French Championships Women's Tennis: Australian Lesley Turner wins the first of 2 French titles; beats England's Ann Jones 2-6, 6-3, 7-5
  • 1963 Organization of African Unity forms
  • 1963 Wes Stock becomes only Baltimore Oriole to win a doubleheader
  • 1964 "Fade Out-Fade In" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 199 performances
  • 1965 Dutch Voting Rights Bill passes
  • 1965 Revised International Convention on Safety of Life at Sea takes effect
  • 1966 Buddhist sets himself on fire at US consulate in Hué, South Vietnam
  • 1966 Guyana (formerly British Guiana) declares independence from UK

Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band

1967 EMI rush releases The Beatles' album "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" in London and select markets in the UK, prior to nation-wide release; it would go to number one for 15 weeks in the US and 22 weeks in the UK

  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1969 Apollo 10 astronauts returned to Earth

Music History

1969 John Lennon and Yoko Ono begin their 2nd bed-in for peace at Hotel La Reine Elizabeth, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

  • 1970 The Soviet Tupolev Tu-144 becomes the first commercial transport to exceed Mach 2
  • 1972 In the Republic of Ireland, the Special Criminal Court is re-instituted to deal with crimes arising out of the Northern Ireland conflict; as part of the measures trial by jury is suspended

Boxing Title Fight

1972 Joe Frazier TKOs Ron Stander in 5 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1972 The British state-owned travel firm Thomas Cook & Son is sold to a consortium of private businesses headed by the Midland Bank
  • 1972 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) plant a bomb in Oxford Street, Belfast, killing a 64 year old woman
  • 1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1973 "Funky Worm" by Ohio Players hits #15
  • 1973 "Super Fly Meets Shaft" by John & Ernest hits #31
  • 1973 Bahrain adopts its constitution
  • 1973 Beatles' "Beatles 1967-1970" album (the blue one) goes #1
  • 1973 British composer Michael Tippett's 3rd Piano Sonata premieres
  • 1974 During a David Cassidy concert at London's White City, a 14-year old is trampled, and dies four days later
  • 1974 Indianapolis 500: Johnny Rutherford claims first of his three Indy victories; first Sunday start of the event

Music Single

1975 "Rhinestone Cowboy" single released by Glen Campbell (Billboard Song of the Year, 1975)

  • 1975 Tennis game in Surrey championships lasts 31 minutes
  • 1977 George Willig climbs the South Tower of NYC's World Trade Center, famously fined 1 cent for each of 110 stories he climbed
  • 1978 1st legal gambling casino opens in Atlantic City

Music History

1979 "Dancin' Fool" by Frank Zappa hits #45

  • 1980 Dietmar Mogenburg of West Germany ties high jump record at 7'8"
  • 1980 Soyuz 36 carries cosmonauts Valery Kubasov and 1st Hungarian in space Bertalan Farkas to Salyut 6
  • 1981 Marine jet crashes on flight deck of USS Nimitz, killing 14
  • 1981 The Italian Prime Minister Arnaldo Forlani and his coalition cabinet resign following a scandal over membership of the pseudo-masonic lodge P2 (Propaganda Due)
  • 1982 26th European Cup: Aston Villa beats Bayern Munich 1-0 at Rotterdam
  • 1982 35th Cannes Film Festival: "Missing" directed by Costa Gavras and "Yol" directed by Serif Goren and Yilmaz Güney jointly awarded the Palme d'Or
  • 1982 British ship Atlantic Conveyor carrying Chinook helicopters and destroyer HMS Coventry hit in Falkland war: 39 crew members die
  • 1983 29th Walker Cup: US, 13½ - 10½
  • 1983 LA Lakers set NBA playoff game record of fewest free throws
  • 1983 NASA launches Exosat
  • 1983 Space Shuttle Challenger moves to launch pad for STS-7
  • 1983 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1984 Floods kill 14 in Tulsa, Oklahoma

Historic Event

1984 US President Ronald Reagan rules out US military intervention in Iran-Iraq war

  • 1985 Explosions destroys 2 tankers off of Gibraltar, 30 die

Sports History

1985 Indianapolis 500: Danny Sullivan wins by 24 seconds from Mario Andretti after surviving famous 360° spin on lap 120

  • 1987 Cecilia Bolocco, 22, of Chile, crowned 36th Miss Universe
  • 1987 Great offensive against Tamil-rebellion in Jaffra Sri Lanka
  • 1987 US Supreme Court ruled dangerous defendants could be held without bail

Historic Event

1987 William H. Webster replaces Robert M. Gates as 14th director of CIA

  • 1988 Stanley Cup Final, Northlands Coliseum, Edmonton, AL: Edmonton Oilers beat Boston Bruins, 6-3 for 4 game series sweep
  • 1989 American radio broadcasters go silent for 30 seconds at 7:42 am to honor the radio industry
  • 1989 Danish parliament allows same-sex marriage
  • 1989 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1990 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC

Sports History

1990 Philadelphia Phillies retire future Baseball Hall of Fame 3rd baseman Mike Schmidt's uniform #20

Sports History

1991 Indianapolis 500: Rick Mears wins from pole, becoming the third 4-time winner (joins A. J. Foyt and Al Unser); record 6th career pole position for Mears

  • 1993 1st UEFA Champions League Final: Marseille beats Milan 1-0 at Munich

Daytime Emmy Awards

1993 Emmy 20th Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 14th time

Baseball Record

1993 In Major League Baseball, Carlos Martinez famously hits a ball off Jose Canseco's head for a home run

  • 1996 "Midsummer Night's Dream" closes at Lunt-Fontanne NYC after 66 performances
  • 1996 Indianapolis 500: first Indy 500 contested by Indy Racing League; many top CART teams boycott; Buddy Lazier wins marking Firestone's first Indy victory since 1971
  • 1996 Parliamentary elections in Albania results are disputed, with irregularities and intimidation causing opposition parties to withdraw; pro-Western Democratic party wins over 50% of the vote
  • 1997 NHL Western Conference Final: Detroit Red Wings beat Colorado Avalanche, 4 games to 2

Baseball Record

1997 Sammy Sosa (Cubs) & Tony Womack (Pirates) hit inside the park HRs

Historic Event

1998 Date for Paula Jones sex harassment trial vs President Clinton

  • 1998 The United States Supreme Court rules that Ellis Island, the historic gateway for millions of immigrants, is mainly in the state of New Jersey, not New York
  • 1999 7th UEFA Champions League Final: Manchester United beats Bayern Munich 2-1 at Barcelona


2000 Arthur C. Clarke is knighted "for services to literature" at a ceremony in Colombo, Sri Lanka

  • 2000 NHL Eastern Conference Final: New Jersey Devils beat Philadelphia Flyers, 4 games to 3
  • 2001 Super Rugby Final, Canberra: Fullback Andrew Walker kicks 5 penalties & 3 conversions as the ACT Brumbies win their first title; beat Coastal Sharks (Durban), 36-6

Cannes Film Festival

2002 55th Cannes Film Festival: "The Pianist" directed by Roman Polanski wins the Palme d'Or

  • 2002 Álvaro Uribe becomes President of Colombia

Album Release

2002 Eminem releases his 4th studio album “The Eminem Show” (2002 Billboard Album of the Year, Grammy Award Best Rap Album 2003)

  • 2002 Indianapolis 500: Defending champion Hélio Castroneves of Brazil becomes fifth driver in Indy 500 history to win back-to-back races for his second of 4 race victories
  • 2002 The Mars Odyssey finds signs of large ice deposits on the planet Mars
  • 2003 Only three days after a previous record, Sherpa Lakpa Gelu climbs Mount Everest in 10 hours 56 minutes. The tourism ministry of Nepal confirms this record in July that year.
  • 2004 12th UEFA Champions League Final: Porto beats AS Monaco 3-0 at Gelsenkirchen
  • 2004 The New York Times publishes admission of journalistic failings, claims its flawed reporting and lack of skeptism during buildup to 2003 Iraq War helped promote belief that Iraq possessed large stockpiles of weapons of mass destruction.
  • 2004 The United States Army veteran Terry Nichols is found guilty of 161 state murder charges for helping carry out the Oklahoma City bombing.
  • 2006 The May 2006 Java earthquake kills over 5,700 people, leaves 200,000 homeless.
  • 2009 NHL Eastern Conference Final: Pittsburgh Penguins beat Carolina Hurricanes, 4 games to 0
  • 2012 57th Eurovision Song Contest: Loreen for Sweden wins singing "Euphoria" in Baku
  • 2012 A gunman in the Finnish town of Hyvinkaa kills 2, wounds 7

Historic Event

2012 Pope Benedict XVI's butler is arrested for allegedly leaking confidential documents

  • 2013 66th Cannes Film Festival: "Blue Is the Warmest Colour" directed by Abdellatif Kechiche wins the Palme d'Or. The two main actresses in the film, Adele Exarchopoulos and Lea Seydoux also awarded
  • 2013 Indian Premier League T20 Cricket Final, Eden Gardens, Kolkata: Mumbai Indians beat Chennai Super Kings by 23 runs; Kieron Pollard 60 no (32)
  • 2013 Indianapolis 500: Tony Kanaan becomes 4th Brazilian to win the race; fastest Indy 500 in history with Kanaan's average speed 187.433 mph; record stands until 2021
  • 2013 Senior PGA Championship Men's Golf, Bellerive CC: Kōki Idoki of Japan wins his lone PGA event by 2 strokes from Jay Haas and Kenny Perry

Historic Event

2014 Narendra Modi becomes the 15th Prime Minister of India

  • 2014 Protests across Thailand in response to military coup; General Prayuth warns of a crackdown in demonstrations continue