Historical Events on May 28

  • 585 BC Solar eclipse, as predicted by Greek philosopher Thales, while Lydians at war with the Medes leads to a truce. One of the cardinal dates from which other dates calculated.
  • 640 Severinus begins his reign as Catholic Pope (elected in 638)
  • 1037 Holy Roman Emperor Conrad II removes "Constitutio the Feudis"
  • 1156 Battle at Brindisi: Norman-Sicillian King William beats Byzantine fleet under John Doukas and Alexios Bryennios
  • 1349 60 Jews murdered in Breslau, Silesia
  • 1358 Daint-Leu at Oise begins French boer uprising

Historic Event

1431 Joan of Arc is accused of relapsing into heresy by donning male clothing again, providing justification for her execution

Treaty of Interest

1521 Pope Leo X signs treaty with Holy Roman Emperor Charles V

  • 1588 Spanish Armada under the Duke of Medina-Sidonia departs Lisbon to invade England
  • 1608 Claudio Monteverdi's "Arianna" premieres in Mantua
  • 1635 Zorilla's "El Desafio de Carlos V" premieres in Madrid
  • 1644 Bolton Massacre by Royalist troops under the command of the Earl of Derby (English Civil War)
  • 1731 All Hebrew books in Papal State are confiscated
  • 1741 Spain and Bavaria sign treaty
  • 1742 1st indoor swimming pool opens (Goodman's Fields, London)

Battle of Interest

1754 Battle of Jumonville Glen: forces led by George Washington kill French Canadian officer Joseph Coulon de Jumonville

  • 1818 Walk-in-the-Water, 1st steam vessel to sail Lake Erie launched

Trail of Tears

1830 US President Andrew Jackson signs the Indian Removal Act, a key law leading to the forced removal of the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole tribes out of Georgia and surrounding states, setting the stage for the Cherokee Trail of Tears

  • 1845 Fire in Quebec, Canada, 1,500 houses destroyed
  • 1849 Princess Marianne of the Netherlands and Albrecht of Prussia separate

Theater Premiere

1858 Dion Boucicault's play "Foul Play" premieres in London

  • 1863 1st black regiment (54 Mass) leaves Boston to fight in US Civil War
  • 1866 Dutch government of Zuylen van Nijevelt/Heemskerk forms
  • 1871 Paris communards revolt put down
  • 1875 3rd Preakness: L Hughes aboard Tom Ochiltree wins in 2:43.5
  • 1880 8th Preakness: L Hughes aboard Grenada wins in 2:40.5

Historic Event

1889 Édouard and André Michelin incorporate the Michelin tyre company

Historic Event

1892 Sierra Club formed by John Muir and others in San Francisco, for conservation of nature

  • 1900 Fire in Cincinnati nearly destroys Reds' grandstand
  • 1900 In China, rioters provoked by Boxers burn the Fengtai Railway Station, where many Belgians work

Historic Event

1900 Paul Kruger, President of the Boer Republic of South Africa, flees its capital, Pretoria, goes to Watervalboven to evade the advancing British

  • 1900 Total solar eclipse occurs
  • 1901 26th Preakness: Fred Landry aboard The Parader wins in 1:47.2
  • 1901 Laws against phosphor matches enacted (inhibition white phosphorous)
  • 1904 29th Preakness: Eugene Hildebrand aboard Bryn Mawr wins in 1:44.2
  • 1906 Shields and Cobbs' musical "His Honor, The Mayor" premieres in NYC
  • 1907 Auto-Cycle Union Tourist Trophy, 1st held
  • 1912 Jackie Matthews takes 2 cricket hat-tricks same day Australia v South Africa
  • 1918 Azerbaijan gains independence and declares itself a Democratic Republic
  • 1918 The Armenian National Council declares Armenia independent from the Russian Empire
  • 1923 US Attorney General says it is legal for women to wear trousers anywhere
  • 1926 Military coup by General Manuel Gomes da Costa in Portugal
  • 1926 US Customs Court created by congress
  • 1927 Hammond scores his 1,000th cricket run of the season after 22 days

Historic Event

1928 Dodge Brothers Inc and Chrysler Corporation merge

  • 1929 1st all color talking picture "On With the Show" exhibited (NYC)
  • 1930 Georges Forbes succeeds Joseph Ward as premier of New Zealand
  • 1932 Dam closed, at current monument (South Seas)

Cricket History

1934 Jack Hobbs scores his 197th (or 199th) and last 1st class cricket century at 51 years and 163 days of age [1]

  • 1934 Near Callander, Ontario, the Dionne quintuplets are born to Olivia and Elzire Dionne, later becoming the first quintuplets to survive infancy
  • 1934 The Glyndebourne festival in Sussex, England, inaugurated

On Computable Numbers

1936 Alan Turing submits "On Computable Numbers" for publication, in which he set out the theoretical basis for modern computers.

  • 1937 Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco opens to vehicular traffic

Election of Interest

1937 Neville Chamberlain becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

  • 1938 Foundation for Tel Aviv harbor laid

Music Premiere

1938 Paul Hindemith's opera "Mathis der Maler" premieres in Zurich

  • 1940 Belgium surrenders to Germany, King Leopold III gives himself up
  • 1940 British-French troops capture Narvik, Norway

Music Premiere

1940 Irving Berlin's musical "Louisiana Purchase", satirizing Huey Long's political power, opens at The Imperial Theatre, NYC; runs for 444 performances

  • 1941 1st night game at Griffith Stadium, Washington, D.C. (NY Yankees pip the Senators 6-5)
  • 1941 Allied troops begin evacuation of Crete
  • 1942 1,800 Czechs murdered by Nazis during attack on Heydrich
  • 1946 1st night game at Yankee stadium (Senators 2, Yanks 1)

Historic Event

1946 Manuel Roxas was inaugurated as the last President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines

  • 1946 US Patent filed for a hydrogen bomb
  • 1948 Iraq captures Ge'ulim settlement
  • 1948 Israeli Air Force is officially founded shortly after the start of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War
  • 1949 French Championships Men's Tennis: Frank Parker retains title; beats fellow American Budge Patty 6-3, 1-6, 6-1, 6-4
  • 1949 French Championships Women's Tennis: Margaret Osborne duPont wins her second French singles crown; beats Nelly Adamson Landry of France 7-5, 6-2

Baseball Record

1951 After going 0-for-12, Willie Mays connects for his 1st major league home run

  • 1951 Bernardus J Alfrink appointed Coadjutor Archbishop of Utrecht and Titular Archbishop of Tyana

Radio Premiere

1951 Radio programme "Crazy People" (later titled The Goon Show) premieres on the BBC, created by Spike Milligan

  • 1951 The Jerry Colonna Show debuts on ABC-TV
  • 1952 Memphis Kiddie Park opens in Brooklyn, Ohio. The park's Little Dipper roller coaster would become the oldest operating steel roller coaster in North America.
  • 1952 The women of Greece are given the right to vote.
  • 1953 Premier of 1st animated 3-D cartoon in Technicolor-"Melody"

Sports History

1955 80th Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Nashua wins in 1:54.6

  • 1955 Henry Bolte becomes Premier of the state of Victoria
  • 1955 Indianapolis 500: Bob Sweikert wins; defending champion Bill Vukovich killed in a crash while seemingly on his way to an unprecedented third consecutive Indy 500

Historic Event

1956 Eisenhower signs farm bill allows government to store agricultural surplus

  • 1956 Pittsburgh Pirates Dale Long becomes 1st to hit HRs in 8 straight games
  • 1957 NL approves baseball's Brooklyn Dodgers' & NY Giants' move to the US west coast
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1957 WPSD TV channel 6 in Paducah, KY (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1958 European Cup Final, Brussels: Francisco Gento scores the winner in extra time as Real Madrid beats AC Milan, 3-2; 3rd consecutive title for Los Blancos

Historic Event

1958 French government of Prime Minister Pierre Pflimlin resigns; 200,000 demonstrate against Charles de Gaulle

  • 1959 Congressional Committee of Astronautics meets Project 7 astronauts
  • 1959 Johnson & Bart's musical "Lock Up Your Daughters" premieres in London
  • 1959 Monkeys Able & Baker zoom 300 miles (500 km) into space on Jupiter missile, become 1st animals retrieved from a space mission
  • 1960 59th Men's French Championships: Nicola Pietrangeli beats Luis Ayala (3-6, 6-3, 6-4, 4-6, 6-3)

Sports History

1960 59th Women's French Championships: Darlene Hard beats Yola Ramirez (6-3, 6-4)

Musical Finale

1960 Frank Loesser's musical "Greenwillow", starring Anthony Perkins, closes at Alvin Theater, NYC, after 95 performances

Historic Event

1961 Amnesty International founded in London (Nobel Peace Prize 1977)

The Orient Express

1961 Last trip (Paris to Bucharest) on the Orient Express (after 78 years)

  • 1961 Record 27 HRs hit in 7 AL games
  • 1962 Suit alleging de facto school segregation filed in Rochester, NY
  • 1962 US stock market drops $20.8 B in 1 day
  • 1962 Wide World of Sports with Chris Schenkel premieres on CBS radio
  • 1963 Cyclone hits Chittagong, Bangladesh; about 1 million houses destroyed
  • 1963 Estimated 22,000 die in a cyclone in the Bay of Bengal (India)

Music History

1964 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 9th String quartet

  • 1964 Palestine National Congress forms the PLO in Jerusalem
  • 1964 Unmanned Apollo 2 Saturn test launched into Earth orbit
  • 1965 Fire & explosion at Dhori mine in Dhanbad India kills 400
  • 1966 "Ballad Of Irving", parody song by Frank Gallop peaks at #34 in US
  • 1966 Dmitri Shostakovich's 11th String quartet premieres in Leningrad
  • 1967 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 2nd Violin concert
  • 1967 Francis Chichester arrives home at Plymouth from Round-the-world trip
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Album Release

1968 Fantasy Records releases the self-titled debut album "Creedence Clearwater Revival", on leader John Fogerty's 23rd birthday; it feature's their cover of Dale Hawkin's "Susie Q"

  • 1968 MLB: AL announces it is splitting into 2 divisions
  • 1968 MLB: NL grants San Diego Padres a franchise

Historic Event

1968 Senator Eugene McCarthy wins Democratic presidential primary in Oregon

  • 1969 European Cup Final, Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, Madrid: AC Milan striker Pierino Prati scores 3 in 4-1 win over Ajax; second title for I Rossoneri
  • 1970 Arms Trial Begins: several men are charged in a Dublin court with conspiracy to illegally import arms for use by the Irish Republican Army (IRA)
  • 1970 The formerly united Free University of Brussels officially splits into two separate entities, the French-speaking Université Libre de Bruxelles and the Dutch-speaking Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Album Release

1971 Paul McCartney releases "Ram", his 2nd solo album

  • 1971 USSR Mars 3 launched, 1st spacecraft to soft land on Mars
  • 1972 Four Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteers and four civilians killed when a bomb they were preparing exploded prematurely at a house in Belfast
  • 1972 White House "plumbers" first break in at the Democratic National Headquarters and install listening devices at Watergate Complex in Washington, D.C.
  • 1973 Chicago White Sox beat Cleveland Indians, 6-3, in 21 innings (game started 5/26)
  • 1973 Indianapolis 500: Gordon Johncock wins first of his two Indy triumphs after rain halts the race at lap 133

Emmy Awards

1974 26th Emmy Awards: M*A*S*H, Alan Alda & Mary Tyler Moore win, 1st Daytime Award presentation and "The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman" wins 5 awards, including Cicely Tyson for Dramatic Performance

  • 1974 Italian fascists bomb demonstrators in Brescia, 6 killed
  • 1974 Stephen Schwartz' musical "Magic Show" opens at Cort Theater, NYC; runs for 1859 performances
  • 1975 19th European Cup: Bayern Munich beats Leeds United 2-0 at Paris
  • 1975 Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is established by the Treaty of Lagos
  • 1975 Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 18 launches

Cannes Film Festival

1976 29th Cannes Film Festival: "Taxi Driver" directed by Martin Scorsese wins the Palme d'Or

  • 1977 Beverly Hills Supper Club fire in Southgate, Kentucky kills 168

Music History

1977 Sting, Stewart Copeland, and Andy Summers perform together for the first time, backing Mike Howlett at a show in Paris, France; Summers is invited to join The Police

Sports History

1978 Indianapolis 500: Al Unser Snr in a Lola dominates second half of race to hold off Tom Sneva for his third Indy victory

  • 1978 Second round of the presidential elections in Upper Volta. The election is won by incumbent Sangoulé Lamizana.

Television Premiere

1979 ABC premiere of TV's "The House on Garibaldi Street", based on the 1960 capture of Adolf Eichmann in Argentina

  • 1979 European Market accepts Greece as member
  • 1980 2 Oakland A's steal home in 1st inning
  • 1980 24th European Cup: Nottingham Forest beats Hamburg 1-0 at Madrid
  • 1980 Joe Darby does a standing long jump of 12'5"
  • 1982 Leonard Maltin's 1st appearance on Entertainment Tonight

Papal Visit

1982 Pope John Paul II is 1st reigning pope to visit Great Britain (Adrian IV was born in England, as Nicholas Breakspear)

Music History

1983 "Ricky", parody song by Weird Al Yankovic hits #63

Music History

1983 Rock guitarist Slash first hears Axl Rose singing with the band Rapidfire at Gazzarri’s On The Sunset Strip, in Los Angeles, California

Historic Event

1984 George Soros founds the Soros Foundation Budapest to help countries free themselves from communism

  • 1985 David Jacobsen taken hostage in Beirut Lebanon
  • 1985 Discovery moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) for mating of STS 51-G
  • 1986 Democratic Labor Party wins parliamentary election in Barbados
  • 1986 White Sox Joe Cowley sets record striking out 1st 7 Rangers he faces
  • 1987 60th US National Spelling Bee: Stephanie Petit wins spelling staphylococci
  • 1987 Mathias Rust, 18 year old West German pilot, makes unauthorized landing near Red Square, Moscow in USSR
  • 1987 Monitor, Civil War warship, is discovered by a deep sea robot
  • 1987 Paul Pearman jumps 21 barrels on a skateboard in Augusta
  • 1987 Southern League no-hit record-Bob Milacki pitches 11 1/3 no-hit inn
  • 1987 Stacking of Discovery's SRBs completed
  • 1989 Indianapolis 500: Emerson Fittipaldi of Brazil first foreign winner since 1966; completes final lap under caution after crashing with Al Unser Jr
  • 1990 "Dave Thomas Comedy Show" debuts on CBS-TV
  • 1990 Cesar Gaviria Trujillo installed as president of Colombia
  • 1990 Eugenia Charles' Dominican Freedom Party wins election in Dominica
  • 1990 Longest wheelie (David Robilliard with 5h12m33s (Channel Islands)
  • 1991 "Forever My Lady" debut studio album by Jodeci is released (Billboard Album of the Year, 1992)
  • 1991 Ethiopian rebels seize Addis Ababa
  • 1992 65th National Spelling Bee: Amanda Goad wins spelling lyceum
  • 1993 200,000 demonstrate against mafia terror
  • 1993 Polish government of Suchocka falls
  • 1994 "Cafe American" last airs on NBC-TV
  • 1995 "An Inspector Calls" closes at Royale Theater, NYC, after 454 performances
  • 1995 48th Cannes Film Festival: "Underground" directed by Emir Kusturica wins the Palme d'Or
  • 1995 Earthquake hits Russian town of Khabarovsk, killing 2,000 people
  • 1995 Indianapolis 500: Canadian driver Jacques Villeneuve wins as race leader Scott Goodyear is controversially black flagged on lap 195
  • 1995 Southwestern Florida outside of Tampa begins using new area code 941
  • 1995 White Sox (5) & Tigers (7) combine for record 12 HRs at Tiger Stadium

Election of Interest

1996 Pavlo Lazarenko becomes Prime Minister of Ukraine

Historic Event

1996 U.S. President Bill Clinton's former business partners in the Whitewater land deal, James McDougal and Susan McDougal, and Arkansas Governor Jim Guy Tucker, are convicted of fraud.

  • 1997 5th UEFA Champions League Final: Borussia Dortmund beats Juventus 3-1 at Munich

Music History

1997 Bob Dylan hospitalized in England with histoplasmosis (fungal lung infection)

  • 1997 Linda Finch completes Amelia Earhart attempted around-the-world flight
  • 1997 Tornado in Jarrell, Texas kills at least 28
  • 1997 Wallace Berg, 42, is 4th American to scale Mt Everest for 3rd time
  • 1998 Nuclear testing: Pakistan responds to a series of Indian nuclear tests with five of its own, prompting the United States, Japan, and other nations to impose economic sanctions.

Historic Event

1999 In Milan, Italy, after 22 years of restoration work, Leonardo da Vinci's masterpiece "The Last Supper" is put back on display

  • 1999 Two Swedish police officers are murdered with their own fire arms by the bank robbers Jackie Arklöv and Tony Olsson after a dramatic car chase
  • 2000 Indianapolis 500: reigning CART champion Juan Pablo Montoya leads for 167 laps to cruise to victory; first rookie winner since Graham Hill 1966
  • 2002 NATO declares Russia a limited partner in the Western alliance.
  • 2002 NHL Eastern Conference Final: Carolina Hurricanes beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 4 games to 2
  • 2003 11th UEFA Champions League Final: Milan beats Juventus (0-0, 3-2 on penalties) at Manchester

Sports History

2003 Patrick Roy officially announces his retirement from the NHL

  • 2003 Peter Hollingworth becomes the first Governor-General of Australia to resign his office as a result of criticism of his conduct
  • 2004 The Iraqi Governing Council chooses Ayad Allawi, a longtime anti-Saddam Hussein exile, to become Prime Minister of Iraq's interim government

Sports History

2005 Super Rugby Final, Christchurch: Canterbury Crusaders claim their 5th title with a 35-25 win over the NSW Waratahs; Dan Carter lands 3 conversions & 2 penalties for the winners

  • 2006 59th Cannes Film Festival: "The Wind That Shakes the Barley" directed by Ken Loach wins the Palme d'Or

Baseball Record

2006 Barry Bonds hits his 715th career home run, passing Babe Ruth on the MLB all-time list

  • 2006 Indianapolis 500: Sam Hornish Jr. wins from the pole position; record 14th Indy victory for Penske Racing; 0.0635 second margin from runner-up Marco Andretti second-closest finish in history at the time
  • 2006 Senior PGA Championship Men’s Golf, Oak Tree GC: Jay Haas wins his first of 3 Champions Tour major titles with a birdie on the third playoff hole against Brad Bryant
  • 2008 The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly of Nepal formally declares Nepal a republic, ending the 240-year reign of the Shah dynasty.

Music Single

2010 "Un-Thinkable (I'm Ready)" single released by Alicia Keys (Billboard Song of the Year, 2010)

  • 2011 IPL Cricket Final, M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai: Chennai Super Kings beat Royal Challengers Bangalore by 58 runs; Murali Vijay 95 (52), Ravichandran Ashwin 3/16
  • 2011 UEFA Champions League Final, London: FC Barcelona beats Manchester United, 3-1; 4th title for Barça
  • 2014 Abdel Fattah el-Sisi is elected President of Egypt
  • 2016 Harambe, a gorilla at Cincinnati Zoo, is shot after dragging a 3 year old boy who had slipped into its enclosure (Cincinnati, Ohio)