On This Day

Historical Events on May 30

Events 1 - 200 of 302

  • 1035 Boudouin V van Rijsel becomes earl of Flanders

Historic Event

1087 German emperor Henry IV crowns his son Conrad

  • 1100 Burchard becomes bishop of Utrecht
  • 1381 English peasant uprising begins in Essex
  • 1416 Jerome of Prague burned at the stake for heresy by church Council of Constance

Historic Event

1431 Hundred Years' War: 19 year old Joan of Arc is burned at the stake by an English-dominated tribunal in Rouen, France

  • 1434 The Battle of Lipany (also called the Battle of Česky Brod), ending Taborites influence

Royal Coronation

1445 Coronation as Margaret of Anjou as Queen Consort of England at Westminster Abbey

Historic Event

1498 Christopher Columbus departs with 6 ships for 3rd trip to America

Historic Event

1510 Portuguese forces under Afonso de Albuquerque abandon Goa after its former ruler Yusuf Adil Shah, the Muslim King of Bijapur reconquers the city

  • 1522 French troops driven out of Genoa
  • 1527 University of Marburg (Germany) founded
  • 1564 (-31st) The first battle of Öland (between the islands of Gotland and Öland): Lübeck & Denmark beat Sweden

Historic Event

1574 Henry III follows brother Charles IX as King of France

  • 1574 Sea battle at Lillo Belgium (Adolf Van Haemstede vs Louis de Boisot)
  • 1584 Earl Adolf of Nieuwenaar and Meurs becomes viceroy of Gelderland
  • 1591 Spanish troops in Zutphen surrender to Dutch and English forces under Maurice of Nassau
  • 1626 An explosion at the Wanggongchang Gunpowder Factory in Beijing destroys part of the city and kills 20,000 people
  • 1631 The Treaty of Fontainebleau signed between Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, and the Kingdom of France, establishing a secret alliance between them during the Thirty Years' War.

Historic Event

1635 The Peace of Prague signed between the Habsburg Emperor Ferdinand II and the Electorate of Saxony (representing Protestant states of the Holy Roman Empire). It effectively ended the civil war aspect of the Thirty Years' War

Historic Event

1642 All honours granted by Charles I are retrospectively annulled by Parliament

  • 1646 Spain & Netherlands sign temporary cease fire
  • 1783 Benjamin Tower of Philadelphia publishes 1st daily newspaper in US
  • 1793 Georges Couthon chosen member of French Committee the Salut Public

Historic Event

1806 Future US President Andrew Jackson kills Charles Dickinson in a duel after Dickinson accused Jackson's wife of bigamy

Historic Event

1808 Napoleon Bonaparte annexes Tuscany & gave it seats in French Senate

  • 1814 Napoleonic Wars: War of the Sixth Coalition - the Treaty of Paris (1814) is signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent.
  • 1821 James Boyd patents Rubber Fire Hose
  • 1822 George Wilson and Joe LaRoche betray a planned slave revolt organized by Denmark Vesey in Charleston, South Carolina, confirming an earlier warning from Peter Prioleau. 35 Black people are later hanged. (date is approximate)
  • 1832 Evariste Galois give his theory on free assembly (dies in duel May 31)
  • 1832 The Rideau Canal in eastern Ontario is opened.

Assassination Attempt

1842 John Francis attempts to assassinate Queen Victoria

  • 1848 Second Battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • 1848 William G Young patents ice cream freezer
  • 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo between US and Mexico comes into force, giving New Mexico, California and parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona and Colorado to the US in return for $15 million
  • 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act repeals Missouri Compromise creating the territories of Kansas and Nebraska
  • 1858 Hudson's Bay Company's rights to Vancouver Island revoked
  • 1862 Battle of Booneville MS - captured Gen Beauregard evacuates Corinth
  • 1864 Battle of Bethesda Church [Totopotomoy Creek], cavalry battle fought in Hanover County, Virginia, inconclusive result (US Civil War)
  • 1866 Opera "Die Verkaufte Braut" premieres (Prague)
  • 1868 "Decoration Day", later called Memorial Day is first observed in Northern US states
  • 1876 Ottoman sultan Abd-ul-Aziz is deposed and succeeded by his nephew Murat V.
  • 1879 92°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in May
  • 1879 Gilmore Garden (NYC) renamed Madison Square Garden
  • 1879 An F4 tornado strikes Irving, Kansas, killing 18 and injuring 60.

Brooklyn Bridge Opens

1883 Stampede caused by a rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge was going to collapse kills 12

  • 1890 First baseman Dave Foutz hits Brooklyn Bridegrooms' (later Dodgers) first ever home run during doubleheader defeats to Chicago Colts at Washington Park, Brooklyn
  • 1894 Boston Beaneaters baseball second baseman Bobby Lowe first to hit 4 home runs in MLB game in 20-11 win against Cincinnati Reds

Sports History

1895 English cricket icon W. G. Grace scores 169 for Gloucestershire against Middlesex at Lord's for his 1,000th first-class run of the season in just 22 days

  • 1896 First car accident occurs; Henry Wells hits a cyclist in NYC
  • 1899 24th Preakness: R Clawson aboard Half Time wins in 1:47
  • 1901 Hall of Fame for Great American on NYU campus dedicated
  • 1902 Spanish King Alfonso XII, who was elected as a constitutional monarch, suspends the Cortes, Spain's parliament
  • 1903 28th Preakness: W Gannon aboard Flocarline wins in 1:44.8
  • 1904 Frank Chance gets hit by pitch 5 times in a doubleheader
  • 1904 The Japanese Army capture the City of Dairen after landing troops along the south coast of Manchuria
  • 1906 40th Belmont: Lucien Lyne aboard Burgomaster wins in 2:20

Historic Event

1906 Hersheypark, founded by Milton S. Hershey for the exclusive use of his employees, is opened

  • 1907 41st Belmont Stakes: George Mountain aboard 3 year old stallion Peter Pan wins
  • 1908 1st federal workmen's compensation law approved
  • 1908 42nd Belmont: Joe Notter aboard Colin win
  • 1908 Aldrich Vineland Currency Act forerunner to Federal Reserve System
  • 1908 Paris advocate E Archdeacon is 1st passenger in a airplane
  • 1908 US Assay Office in Salt Lake City, Utah authorized
  • 1909 Reuben Siegel laid cornerstone of 1st home in Tel-Aviv
  • 1910 44th Belmont: James Butwell aboard Sweep wins in 2:22
  • 1911 1st Indianapolis 500: Ray Harroun driving a Marmon Wasp for Nordyke & Marmon Company comes out of retirement, wins inaugural event; average speed: 74.602 mph (120.060 km/h)
  • 1912 US Marines sent to Nicaragua
  • 1912 Indianapolis 500: Joe Dawson in the American-manufactured, 4-cylinder National, wins in race record 6:21:06; time is 21:02 faster than previous 1911 record
  • 1913 Treaty of London signed by the Great Powers, the Ottoman Empire and the victorious Balkan League (Serbia, Greece, Kingdom of Bulgaria, and Montenegro) bringing an end to the First Balkan War
  • 1913 John McGraw joins Fred Clarke, Cap Anson, Frank Selee, & Connie Mack as managers who have won 1,000 games
  • 1913 Indianapolis 500: Frenchman Jules Goux becomes first non-American to win race in a car owned by French manufacturer Peugeot
  • 1914 The new and then largest Cunard ocean liner RMS Aquitania, 45,647 tons, sets sails on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
  • 1914 Indianapolis 500: Frenchman René Thomas driving for Louis Delâge wins ahead of Arthur Duray of Belgium
  • 1916 Indianapolis 500: Dario Resta accompanied by riding mechanic Bob Dahnke lead 103 of 120 laps to claim victory; only Indy 500 scheduled for less than 500 miles (300)
  • 1917 Jazz standard "Dark Town Strutters Ball" by Shelton Brooks recorded by the Original Dixieland Jazz Band
  • 1921 Lord Dunsany's "If" premieres in London
  • 1921 Memorial to Capt. Eddie Grant, killed in WW I, unveiled at Polo Grounds, NYC
  • 1921 Salzburg, Austria, votes to join Germany
  • 1921 Indianapolis 500: Tommy Milton accompanied by riding mechanic Harry Franck wins the first of two 500 victories after Ralph DePalma had led for 109 laps
  • 1922 Latvia & Vatican sign accord

Historic Event

1922 Completed Lincoln Memorial dedicated by US Chief Justice William Howard Taft in front of 50,000

  • 1922 Cubs and Cardinals trade outfielders between morning and afternoon games of doubleheader; Max Flack goes to St. Louis, Cliff Heathcote heads to Chicago; both get hits for new clubs in the nightcap
  • 1922 Indianapolis 500: Jimmy Murphy becomes first driver to win the race from pole position; accompanied by riding mechanic Ernie Olson

Music Premiere

1923 Howard Hanson's 1st Symphony "Nordic" premieres

  • 1923 Indianapolis 500: 1921 champion Tommy Milton becomes first multiple race winner; Howdy Wilcox drives relief for laps 103-151 as Milton's hands are bandaged due to blisters
  • 1924 Socialist Matteotti falls in Italian parliament by fascists
  • 1924 Indianapolis 500: Lora Lawrence Corum starts the race and is relieved midway by Joe Boyer who drives to victory; both drivers credited as "co-winners"
  • 1925 British mariners shoot on demonstrators
  • 1925 Peter DePaolo became 1st man to average over 100 mph at Indy
  • 1925 In China protests erupt against the Great Powers infringing on Chinese sovereignty.
  • 1925 Indianapolis 500: Race winner Peter DePaolo becomes first driver to complete 500 miles in under 5 hours, and have an average over 100 mph; Norman Batten drives 21 laps of relief while DePaolo has his hands bandaged due to blisters

Sports History

1927 Walter Johnson records 110th and final shutout of his Baseball HOF career, the most in MLB history; Washington Senators score 3-0 win over Boston Red Sox

  • 1927 Indianapolis 500: First-time starter George Souders wins by 8 laps, largest margin since 1913; first driver to win full-500 mile race with no help from relief driver or riding mechanic
  • 1928 Indianapolis 500: Rookie driver Louis Meyer takes first of 3 career Indy victories after 20 lap duel with Tony Gulotta and Jimmy Gleason
  • 1929 Indianapolis 500: Ray Keech takes lead for final time on lap 158 for his first Indy 500 win; car owner Maude A. Yagle is first and only female winning owner in Indy history
  • 1930 Indianapolis 500: Polesitter Billy Arnold takes lead on lap 3 and never gives it up; total 198 laps stands as all-time Indy 500 race record; accompanied by riding mechanic Spider Matlock

Baseball Record

1931 Phillies Chuck Klein homers off Ben Cantwell (Braves) in both ends DH

  • 1931 Indianapolis 500: Defending champion Billy Arnold leads for 155 laps before axle trouble; Louis Schneider leads final 34 laps accompanied by riding mechanic Jigger Johnson
  • 1932 Yankees dedicate a plaque to Miller Huggins
  • 1932 Indianapolis 500: Fred Frame takes lead for good on lap 152, winning from 27th on starting grid; accompanied by riding mechanic Jerry Houck
  • 1933 Patent on invisible glass installation
  • 1933 Indianapolis 500: Louis Meyer wins accompanied by riding mechanic Lawson Harris; Mark Billman killed in a crash on lap 79; Lester Spangler and riding mechanic "Monk" Jordan die in a crash on lap 132
  • 1934 Indianapolis 500: Indianapolis native Bill Cummings accompanied by riding mechanic Earl Unversaw wins race where only 12 of 33 entrants finish

Sports History

1935 Philadelphia pitcher Jim Bivin retires Babe Ruth on an infield grounder in "the Babe's" final MLB at-bat; Ruth plays just 1 inning in Boston Braves, 11-6 loss to Phillies at the Baker Bowl

  • 1935 Indianapolis 500: Kelly Petillo accompanied by riding mechanic Jimmy Dunham win; Pete DePaolo becomes first to win race separately as a driver (1925) and owner
  • 1936 Indianapolis 500: Louis Meyer becomes first 3-time winner of the race; Lawson Harris is first 2-time riding mechanic; famous tradition of serving milk in victory lane commences

PGA Championship

1937 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Pittsburgh Field Club: Defending champion Denny Shute defeats Jug McSpaden in 37 holes

  • 1937 Memorial Day Massacre: Chicago Police Department shoot and kill 10 unarmed demonstrators during the "Little Steel Strike" in the United States
  • 1937 42nd Men's French Championships: Henner Henkel beats Bunny Austin (6-1, 6-4, 6-3)
  • 1937 42nd Women's French Championships: Hilde Sperling beats Simonne Mathieu (6-2, 6-4)
  • 1938 New York Yankees sweep arch rival Boston Red Sox, 10-0 & 5-4 in front of 83,533 at Yankee Stadium
  • 1938 Indianapolis 500: Polesitter Floyd Roberts claims winner's cheque $32,075; car owner Lou Moore is also the chief mechanic
  • 1938 Walter Piston's dance work, The Incredible Flutist, written for the Boston Pops Orchestra, which premieres it, Arthur Fiedler conducting
  • 1939 Indianapolis 500: Reigning champion Floyd Roberts is killed in crash on lap 109; Wilbur Shaw wins his second of 3 Indy 500 titles
  • 1940 Indianapolis 500: Wilbur Shaw drives same Maserati 8CTF he had driven to victory in 1939; first driver in the history to win at Indy in consecutive years
  • 1941 1st anti semitic measures in Serbia
  • 1941 British Army enters Baghdad, chasing pro-German coup government
  • 1941 Indianapolis 500: Floyd Davis/Mauri Rose win final 500 prior to United States involvement in WWII; final time one car would carry 2 drivers to victory at Indy
  • 1942 1,047 bombers bomb Cologne in RAF's raid of WW II

Historic Event

1942 Reichsfuehrer Herman Himmler arrives in Prague

Sports History

1942 Satchel Paige pitches 5 innings to defeat Dizzy Dean All-Stars 8-1

  • 1942 US aircraft carrier Yorktown leaves Pearl Harbor

Historic Event

1943 French General Charles de Gaulle arrives in Algiers

  • 1943 US troops reconquer Attu Aleutians
  • 1944 Transport number 75 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • 1946 Bama Rowell hits a home run in a baseball match - the ball shatters Bulova Clock in Ebbets Field in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1946 United flight 521 crashes on takeoff at LaGuardia Airport (NY) 42 die
  • 1946 Indianapolis 500: Resumes after WWII; George Robson wins by 44 seconds ahead of rookie Jimmy Jackson
  • 1947 Indianapolis 500: Mauri Rose leads for final 8 laps after confused pit messages with teammate Bill Holland to take the controversial victory; race marred by a 41st lap crash that claims life of Shorty Cantlon

Baseball Record

1948 Schenectady Blue Jays Tommy Lasorda strikes out 25 in 15-inning game

  • 1948 A dike along the flooding Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon within minutes. Fifteen people die and tens of thousands are left homeless.
  • 1949 East German constitution approved
  • 1949 NPS/VHP win 1st general election in Suriname
  • 1949 WRTV TV channel 6 in Indianapolis, IN (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1949 Indianapolis 500: After finishing runner-up the previous 2 years, Bill Holland finally wins giving car owner Lou Moore his 3rd consecutive Indy victory; 1947-48 winner Mauri Rose fired after the race for ignoring team orders

Boxing Title Fight

1951 Ezzard Charles beats Joey Maxim in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1951 Indianapolis 500: Lee Wallard wins in a Kurtis Kraft-Offenhauser that loses its brakes, suffers damaged exhaust pipe and broken shock absorber mounting
  • 1952 Charlie Grimm succeeds Tommy Holmes as manager of Boston Braves

Music History

1952 Darius Milhaud's "West Point Suite" premieres

  • 1952 Indianapolis 500: Troy Ruttman at 22 years 80 days sets record for youngest 500 winner in history; his Kuzma-Offenhauser is last dirt track car to win at Indy
  • 1953 1st major league network baseball game-Cleveland 7, Chicago 2
  • 1953 Indianapolis 500: Labelled "Hottest 500" due to high temperatures, Bill Vukovich wins first of 2 consecutive Indy 500 victories; Carl Scarborough drops out of race, and later dies of heat prostration

French Open Men's Tennis

1953 French Championships Men's Tennis: Ken Rosewall of Australia wins his 2nd Grand Slam title, beating American Vic Seixas 6-3, 6-4, 1-6, 6-2

French Open Women's Tennis

1953 French Championships Women's Tennis: Maureen Connolly beats fellow American Doris Hart 6-2, 6-4 for the 2nd leg of her Grand Slam

  • 1954 Dutch bishops forbid membership to non-catholic sporting clubs
  • 1954 Emile Zatopek runs world record 5K (13:57.2)
  • 1954 Hector Villa-Lobos' "Odisseia de Uma Raca" premieres
  • 1955 KMVT TV channel 11 in Twin Falls, ID (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 Said el-Mufti forms Jordan government
  • 1955 Tunisia begins domestic self governing
  • 1956 Bus boycott begins in Tallahassee Florida

Baseball Event

1956 Mickey Mantle misses by 18 inches hitting 1st home run out of Yankee Stadium in the first game of a doubleheader against the Washington Senators

  • 1956 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
  • 1956 Indianapolis 500: Pat Flaherty wins in a Watson-Offenhauser; first 500 to be governed by the United States Automobile Club
  • 1957 Test Cricket debut for Rohan Kanhai v England at Edgbaston
  • 1957 Indianapolis 500: Sam Hanks wins in his thirteenth attempt; first driver to win a $100,000 single-race payday

Sports History

1957 European Cup Final, Madrid: Alfredo Di Stéfano and Francisco Gento score as defending champions Real Madrid beats Fiorentina, 2-0

  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
  • 1958 Unidentified soldiers killed in WW II & Korean War buried in Arlington
  • 1958 Indianapolis 500: Jimmy Bryan wins a race best known for a massive first-lap, 15-car pileup that results in death of fan-favourite driver Pat O'Connor
  • 1959 "First Impressions" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 84 performances

Theatrical Finale

1959 "Nervous Set" closes at Henry Miller's Theater NYC after 23 performances

  • 1959 Iraq withdraws from the Baghdad Pact (Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, and the United Kingdom)
  • 1959 President Luis Somoza Debayle ends emergency crisis in Nicaragua
  • 1959 President Stroessner disbands Paraguay's parliament
  • 1959 The Auckland Harbour Bridge is officially opened in Auckland, New Zealand.
  • 1959 Indianapolis 500: Rodger Ward earns first of 2 career Indy 500 victories as a record 16 cars complete full 500 miles; for the first time all cars required to have roll bars
  • 1959 58th Men's French Championships: Nicola Pietrangeli beats Ian Vermaak (3-6, 6-3, 6-4, 6-1)
  • 1959 58th Women's French Championships: Christine Truman beats Zsuzsi Kormoczy (6-4, 7-5)
  • 1960 Indianapolis 500: Greatest two-man duel in race history; winner Jim Rathmann and Rodger Ward battle out then-record 29 lead changes until Ward slows with tire trouble
  • 1961 Dutch DC-8 crashes after takeoff at Lisbon, 62 die
  • 1961 Maris hits his 10th & 11th of 61 HRs
  • 1961 Long time Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo is assassinated in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.

Sports History

1961 50th Indianapolis 500: A. J. Foyt takes lead with 3 laps to go to win his first of 4 Indy 500 victories by a margin of 8.28 seconds from Eddie Sachs

  • 1962 69 killed in bus crash (Ahmedabad India)

Music History

1962 Benjamin Britten's "War Requiem" incorporating the poems of Wilfred Owen premieres, marking the consecration of the new Coventry Cathedral

  • 1962 Indianapolis 500: Rodger Ward and Len Sutton finish 1st-2nd for Leader Cards Racing; Parnelli Jones breaks 150 mph (240 km/h) barrier in qualifying
  • 1963 Indianapolis 500: Parnelli Jones takes his only Indy 500 win despite his car spewing oil from a cracked overflow tank for many laps
  • 1964 "Beyond the Fringe" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 673 performances
  • 1964 Beatles 1961 record of "Cry for a Shadow" is #1 in Australia
  • 1964 The Beatles' "Love Me Do" single goes #1 in the United States
  • 1964 Giants sweep Mets 5-3 & 8-6 in 23 inn, records include elapsed time of 9:50, 47 strikeouts, 7:22 for 2nd game & NY's 22 K's in 2nd games
  • 1964 Indianapolis 500: A. J. Foyt wins but race primarily remembered for fiery 7-car accident resulting in deaths of Eddie Sachs and Dave MacDonald; last race won by a front-engined "roadster"
  • 1964 63rd Men's French Championships: Manuel Santana beats Nicola Pietrangeli (6-3, 6-1, 4-6, 7-5)

French Open Women's Tennis

1964 French Championships Women's Tennis: Margaret Court of Australia wins her second French singles crown; beats Maria Bueno of Brazil 5-7, 6-1, 6-2

  • 1965 France performs nuclear test at Ecker Algeria (Underground)
  • 1965 Viet Cong offensive against US base Da Nang, begins
  • 1965 Vivian Malone is 1st black to graduate from University of Alabama
  • 1966 The Beatles release single "Paperback Writer" / "Rain" in US; "Rain" featured experimental studio tricks of slowed down bass and drums tracks, and backwards vocals in the fade out
  • 1966 300 US airplanes bomb North Vietnam

Sports History

1966 Indianapolis 500: English 1962 F1 World Champion Graham Hill wins after leading for a total of only 10 laps; first rookie winner since 1927

  • 1966 US launches Surveyor 1 to Moon
  • 1967 King Hussein of Jordan visits Cairo

Historic Event

1967 Robert "Evel" Knievel's motorcycle jumps 16 automobiles in Gardena, California

Sports History

1967 Yankee Whitey Ford, nearing 41, announces his retirement from baseball

  • 1967 Republic of Biafra, a predominantly Igbo secessionist state in eastern Nigeria, is founded by Lt. Col. Odumegwu Ojukwu

Historic Publication

1967 Argentinian author Gabriel García Márquez's most important work "One Hundred Years of Solitude" is published in Buenos Aires

  • 1968 Beatles begin work on their only double album "Beatles"