Historical Events on May 7

Hagia Sophia

558 In Constantinople, the dome of the Hagia Sophia collapses. Justinian I immediately orders the dome rebuilt.

  • 1253 Flemish friar William of Rubruck sets off to convert the Mongols to Christianity, a mission ordered by French king Louis IX - one of the most famous travel accounts in the Medieval world
  • 1274 2nd Council of Lyons (14th ecumenical council) opens, convened by Pope Gregory X
  • 1355 1,200 Jews of Toledo, Spain killed by Count Henry of Trastamara
  • 1416 Monk Nicolaas Serrurier arrested because of heresy at Tournay

Historic Siege

1429 English siege of Orleans broken by Joan of Arc and the French army

  • 1579 Congress of Cologne forms in Netherlands
  • 1624 Admiral Hermites conquering fleet reaches Callao the Lima, Peru
  • 1638 Cornelis S Goyer takes possession of Mauritius (uninhabited)
  • 1660 Isaack B Fubine of Savoy, in The Hague, patents macaroni
  • 1663 Theatre Royal in Drury Lane London opens

Historic Event

1664 Louis XIV of France inaugurates The Palace of Versailles.

  • 1697 Stockholm's medieval royal castle is destroyed by fire, the Codex Gigas (world's largest extant medieval illuminated manuscript) survives by being thrown out a window

Historic Event

1700 William Penn began monthly meetings for blacks advocating emancipation

  • 1718 The city of New Orleans founded by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville
  • 1727 Jews are expelled from Ukraine by Empress Catherine I of Russia
  • 1748 French troops conquer Maastricht in the War of the Austrian Succession

Historic Event

1756 Burmese King Alaungphaya sends his Golden Letter on rolled gold to King George II of Great Britain detailing trade proposals [1]

  • 1765 HMS Victory launched; Admiral Nelson's flagship at Trafalgar, 40 years later
  • 1771 Samuel Hearne explores Copper Mine River of Canada
  • 1775 Turkish state of Bukovina secedes from Austria

Historic Event

1789 First US Presidential inaugural ball (for George Washington in NYC)

  • 1792 Captain Robert Gray discovers Grays Harbor (Washington)
  • 1794 Influential Gothic romance "The Mysteries of Udolpho" is published by Ann Ratcliffe in London
  • 1800 Indiana Territory organized
  • 1817 Japanese Emperor Kōkaku abdicates in favour of his son Emperor Ninkō

Music Premiere

1824 Ludwig van Beethoven's 9th (Choral) Symphony, often regarded as his greatest work, premieres in Vienna

  • 1832 Greece becomes independent, Otto of Bavaria is chosen as king
  • 1836 The settlement of Mayagüez elevates Puerto Rico to the royal status of villa by the government of Spain
  • 1840 Tornado strikes Natchez, Mississippi, kills 317

Historic Publication

1846 First printed copies of "Poems" by Emily, Charlotte and Anne Brontë received, published under pseudonym of Acton, Currer and Ellis Bell (2 copies sold)

  • 1847 American Medical Association organizes (Philadelphia)
  • 1848 Prussians stop insurrection in Varsovia
  • 1856 Argentina & Brazil sign a navigation pact
  • 1861 Riot occurs between prosecessionist & Union supporters in Knoxville TN
  • 1862 Battle of West Point, Virginia (Eltham's Landing, Barnhamsville)
  • 1862 Much of Enschede, Netherlands, destroyed by fire
  • 1864 Battle of Wilderness ends (total losses: USA-17,666; CSA-7,500)
  • 1864 Skirmish at Port Walthall Junction, Virginia (Drewry's Bluff)

Assassination Attempt

1866 German premier Otto von Bismarck seriously wounded in assassination attempt

  • 1867 Blacks stage ride-in to protest segregation in New Orleans

Nobel's Dynamite

1867 Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel patents dynamite in England, the first of three patents he would receive for the explosive material

  • 1873 US marines attack Panama
  • 1875 German SS Schiller sinks near Scilly Islands, 312 killed
  • 1877 Cincinnati Enquirer first uses term "Bullpen" to indicate foul territory
  • 1885 John E W Thompson named US minister to Haiti
  • 1888 Édouard Lalo's opera "Le roi d'Ys" premieres in Paris
  • 1891 Battle in Bunyoro: Capt F Lugard stops Muslim rebellion, 300 killed
  • 1895 Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention - the world's first radio receiver in St. Petersberg. Celebrated as Radio Day in Russia.
  • 1902 La Soufrière volcano on St Vincent kills 1,680 people
  • 1904 Flexible Flyer trademark registered
  • 1907 Central American Court of Justice inaugurated in San Jose, Costa Rica - first standing tribunal for International Law in the world [1]
  • 1907 Charles Collier wins 1st Isle of Man TT Race: (38.22 mph)
  • 1908 Emperor Franz-Joseph celebrates his golden jubilee with festivities throughout the Austro-Hungarian empire
  • 1909 Construction begins on first 100 houses in Ahuzat Bayit (Tel Aviv)
  • 1910 35th Preakness: R Estep aboard Layminster wins in 1:40.6

Historic Event

1912 Columbia University approves plans for awarding the Pulitzer Prize in several categories, after established by Joseph Pulitzer

  • 1913 An ambassadorial conference in St Petersburg, Russia, awards the town of Silistria to Rumania in compensation for Bulgaria's other territorial gains in the First Balkan War
  • 1913 British House of Commons rejects women's right to vote
  • 1913 Plot by English suffragettes to blow up part of St Paul's cathedral thwarted when the bomb is discovered [1]
  • 1914 US Congress establishes Mother's Day

Hero Millionaire Saves Lusitania Children

1915 RMS Lusitania sunk by German submarine off the southern coast of Ireland; 1198 lives lost

Sports History

1917 In a testament to his pitching ability, future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Babe Ruth leads Boston Red Sox to a 1-0 victory against Washington Senators legend Walter Johnson

  • 1919 A draft of the Versailles Treaty is shown to Germans
  • 1920 USSR recognizes Georgia's independence
  • 1921 47th Kentucky Derby: Charles Thompson on Behave Yourself wins 2:04.2
  • 1922 Belgian soccer team defeats Netherlands: 1-2
  • 1922 NY Giant Jesse Barnes no-hits Phillies, 2-0
  • 1923 Mine strike at Belgian Borinage railroad
  • 1924 Peruvian Torre forms APRA, Alianza Popular Revolutionaria Americana
  • 1925 MBA Pittsburgh Pirate shortstop Glenn Wright makes an unassisted triple play
  • 1925 Phillies have their 8th game postponed in a row
  • 1927 Angelos Sikelianos organizes the first Delphic Festival in Delphi to celebrate the ancient Greek Delphic ideal.
  • 1927 SF Municipal Airport (Mills Field) dedicated

Historic Event

1928 Pulitzer prize awarded to Thornton Wilder for "Bridge of San Luis Rey"

  • 1928 The United Kingdom lowers age of women voters from 30 to 21
  • 1930 Duleepsinhji scores 333 for Sussex v Northants in 330 mins
  • 1932 58th Kentucky Derby: Eugene James aboard Burgoo King wins in 2:05.2
  • 1934 Part of Khabarovsk becomes a Jewish Autnomous Region
  • 1934 Princess Juliana of the Netherlands opens Juliana Canal between Maastricht and Maasbracht
  • 1934 Pulitzer prize awarded to Sidney Kingsley for his play "Men in White"
  • 1934 World's largest pearl (6.4 kg) found at Palawan, Philippines

Sports History

1938 64th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Lawrin scores first of record 5 Derby wins

  • 1938 Dutch Minister of Justice Goseling calls fugitives of Nazi-Germany "undesired strangers"
  • 1939 Germany and Italy announce an alliance known as the Rome-Berlin Axis

Historic Event

1941 British House of Commons votes for Winston Churchill (477-3)

Music Recording

1941 Glenn Miller records "Chattanooga Choo Choo" for RCA, it becomes 1st record to be designated "gold"

  • 1942 Battle of Coral Sea ends stopping Japanese expansion
  • 1942 Nazi decree orders all Jewish pregnant women of Kovno Ghetto executed
  • 1943 British 11th Hussars occupy Tunis
  • 1943 Dutch men 18-35 obliged to report to labor camps

Historic Event

1943 Liberty Ship George Washington Carver, named after scientist, launched

  • 1943 US 1st Armour division occupies Ferryville, Tunisia
  • 1943 US 9th Infantry division occupies Bizerta/Bensert, Tunisia

Historic Event

1944 German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia

Sports History

1945 Branch Rickey announces formation of the US Negro Baseball League

  • 1945 Princess Irene Brigade moves into The Hague, Netherlands
  • 1945 Pulitzer prize awarded to John Hersey (Bell for Adano)
  • 1945 SS open fire on crowd in Amsterdam, killing 22
  • 1945 World War II: British troops enter Utrecht, Netherlands

Historic Event

1945 World War II: Unconditional German surrender to the Allies signed by General Alfred Jodl at Rheims

  • 1946 Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering (later renamed Sony) is founded with around 20 employees
  • 1946 William H Hastie inaugurated as 1st black governor of Virgin Islands
  • 1947 "Kraft Television Theater" premieres on NBC

Historic Event

1947 General MacArthur approves Japanese constitution

  • 1947 Paraguayian government unleashes contra revolt
  • 1948 Nazi collaborator V-Mann Antonius van de Waals sentenced to death
  • 1949 75th Kentucky Derby: Steve Brooks aboard Ponder wins in 2:04.2
  • 1951 International Olympic committee allows Russia to participate in 1952 Olympics
  • 1951 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction awarded to Conrad Richter, for his novel "The Town"
  • 1952 The concept of the integrated circuit, the basis for all modern computers, is first published by Geoffrey Dummer
  • 1953 "Can Can" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 892 performances

Music Premiere

1953 Cole Porter's musical "Can-Can" opens at the Shubert Theatre, NYC; runs for 892 performances

  • 1953 Record 537-kg swordfish is caught by LE Marron, in Chile
  • 1954 French surrender to Vietminh after 55-day siege at Dien Bien Phu
  • 1954 US, Great Britain & France reject Russian membership of NATO

Sports History

1955 81st Kentucky Derby: Bill Shoemaker aboard Swaps wins in 2:01.8

  • 1955 USSR signs peace treaty with France & Great Britain
  • 1955 West European Union established
  • 1956 Battle at Oran, Algeria, kills 300
  • 1956 NY Giant Bill White, homers in his 1st at bat

Historic Event

1956 Pulitzer Prize for Drama awarded to Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett for their play "The Diary of Anne Frank"

  • 1957 Indians' pitcher Herb Score is hit by a line drive off Gil McDougald
  • 1958 US Air Force Major Howard Johnson sets world aircraft altitude record in a Lockhead F-104 Starfighter at 27,810 m

Sports History

1959 "Roy Campanella Night" Largest baseball crowd at 93,103 at the LA Coliseum see Yankees beat Dodgers 6-2 in exhibition game

  • 1960 86th Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack on Venetian Way wins in 2:02.4
  • 1960 Dodgers Larry & Norm Sherry are baseball's 10th brother battery
  • 1960 LA Dodger Norm Sherry's 11th HR wins the game for brother Larry

Historic Event

1960 Leonid Brezhnev replaces Kliment Voroshilov as President of USSR

  • 1960 Michael Tal beats Mikhail Botvinnik 12½-8½ for world chess championship
  • 1960 Musical review "From A to Z" closes at Plymouth Theater, NYC, after 21 performances
  • 1960 Rodgers and Hammerstein's musical "Flower Drum Song" closes at St James Theater. NYC, after 602 performances and 1 Tony Award

Historic Event

1960 USSR announces Francis Gary Powers confesses to being a CIA spy

  • 1960 Webster and Fain's musical "Christine", based on Hilda Wernher's novel "My Indian Family", closes at 46th St Theater, NYC, after 12 performances
  • 1961 "Young Abe Lincoln" closes at Eugene O'Neill NYC after 27 performances
  • 1962 Pulitzer prize awarded to Theodore H. White (Making of President 1960)
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1963 SETC Telstar 2 launched (apogee 6,700 miles (10,800 km))
  • 1965 WAOW TV channel 9 in Wausau, WI (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1966 92nd Kentucky Derby: Donald Brumfield aboard Kauai King wins in 2:02
  • 1966 Mamas & Papas "Monday Monday" hits #1
  • 1966 NY Yankees fire manager Johnny Keane
  • 1969 2nd ABA championship: Oakland Oaks beat Indiana Pacers, 4 games to 1
  • 1969 Lt General Robert E Cushman, Jr, USMC, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1972 26th NBA Championship: LA Lakers beat NY Knicks, 4 games to 1
  • 1973 Pulitzer prize awarded to Eudora Welty (Optimist's Daughter)
  • 1974 Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert Lowell (Dolphin)
  • 1975 Small Astronomy Satellite Explorer 53 launched to study X-rays

Historic Event

1975 US President Gerald Ford declares an end to "Vietnam Era"

  • 1977 "Happy End" opens at Martin Beck Theater, NYC; runs for 75 performances

Sports History

1977 103rd Kentucky Derby: Jean Cruguet on Seattle Slew wins in 2:02.2

  • 1977 22nd Eurovision Song Contest: Marie Myriam for France wins singing "L'oiseau et l'enfant" in London
  • 1979 5th UNCTAD-conference opens in Manila
  • 1979 Gary Roenicke hits into Orioles 13th triple play (Oakland)
  • 1980 Paul Geidel Jr, American murderer, and longest-serving prison inmate in the United States, paroled after 68 years, 296 days, at the age of 86.
  • 1980 Samm-Art Williams' "Home" premieres in NYC
  • 1980 Yugoslav President Josip Tito is buried
  • 1982 "Is There Life after High School?" opens at Barrymore Theatre, NYC; runs for 12 performances
  • 1982 Californian federal jury rules NFL violates antitrust laws in preventing Oakland Raiders move to Los Angeles Coliseum
  • 1982 IBM releases PC-DOS version 1.1
  • 1982 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1983 109th Kentucky Derby: Ed Delahoussaye wins aboard Sunny's Halo for consecutive Derby victories (1982 Gato Del Sol)
  • 1983 August Hoffman performs record 29,051 consecutive sit-ups
  • 1983 NHL Prince of Wales Conference Final: New York Islanders beat Boston Bruins, 4 games to 2
  • 1986 30th European Cup: Steaua Bucuresti beats Barcelona (0-0, 2-0 on penalties) at Seville
  • 1986 Iraq bombs a Tehran oil refiner
  • 1986 Phillies outfielder Garry Maddox, retires
  • 1987 105°F in Sacramento, CA
  • 1987 Diane Chambers' (Shelley Long) final episode on TV comedy "Cheers"
  • 1988 114th Kentucky Derby: Gary Stevens on Winning Colors wins in 2:02.2
  • 1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1989 Mark Merrony (Wales) cycles for 30 mins in Nepal at 21,030 feet

Historic Event

1989 Panamanian voters reject dictator Manuel Noriega's bid for presidency

  • 1991 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1991 Haryana beat Bombay in the Ranji Cricket Trophy final by 2 runs
  • 1992 5 NYC cops arrested in Hauppauge, Long Island, for selling cocaine

Sports History

1992 Champion Puerto Rican jockey Ángel Cordero Jr. retires after winning 7,057 thoroughbred horse races

  • 1992 Constitutional amendment barring mid-term congressional raises passes
  • 1992 US space shuttle STS-49 launched (maiden voyage of Endeavour)
  • 1993 South Africa agrees to multi-racial elections
  • 1994 120th Kentucky Derby: Chris McCarron on Go For Gin wins in 2:03.6
  • 1994 Denver Nuggets become NBA's 1st #8 seed to beat a #1 seed (Seattle)

The Scream

1994 Edvard Munch's painting "The Scream" is recovered 3 months after it was stolen

Election of Interest

1995 Jacques Chirac wins French presidential election

  • 1995 Stage drama adaptation of "On the Waterfront" closes at Atkinson Theater, NYC, after 8 performances
  • 1995 Twins beat Indians 10-9 in 17 innings, 6 hours & 36 minutes

Film & TV History

1996 Comedian Martin Lawrence suffers a nervous breakdown

  • 1997 Expos scores 13 in 6th at Giants
  • 1997 Galileo, 4th Ganymede Flyby (Orbit 8)

Film Release

1997 Science fiction film "The Fifth Element" written and directed by Luc Besson, starring Bruce Willis and Milla Jovovich is released. Then the most expensive European film ever made.

  • 1998 Mercedes-Benz buys Chrysler for $US40 billion and forms DaimlerChrysler in the then largest industrial merger in history
  • 1999 In Guinea-Bissau, President João Bernardo Vieira is ousted in a military coup.
  • 1999 Jury finds "The Jenny Jones Show" and Warner Bros. liable in death of Scott Amedure, after purposely deceiving Jonathan Schmitz to appear on a same-sex crush episode. Schmitz later kills Amedure, jury awards Amedure's family $25 million
  • 1999 Kosovo War: In Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, three Chinese citizens are killed and 20 wounded when a NATO aircraft bombs the Chinese embassy in Belgrade

Papal Visit

1999 Pope John Paul II travels to Romania becoming the first pope to visit a predominantly Eastern Orthodox country since the Great Schism in 1054.

  • 2002 A China Northern Airlines MD-82 plunges into the Yellow Sea, killing 112 people.
  • 2003 Arsenal thrash Southampton, 6-1 at Highbury to start Gunners' amazing English Premier League record 49-game unbeaten streak; ends 24 October, 2004 with 2-0 defeat at Manchester United
  • 2005 131st Kentucky Derby: Mike Smith aboard 50-1 longshot Giacomo wins ahead of another outsider Closing Argument; exacta payout $9,814.80
  • 2006 52nd British Academy Television Awards: "Help" Best Comedy, "Doctor Who" Best Drama