On This Day

Historical Events on May 7

TurkeyHagia Sophia

558 In Constantinople, the dome of the Hagia Sophia collapses. Justinian I immediately orders the dome rebuilt.

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Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, Turkey
Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, Turkey
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  • 1274 2nd Council of Lyons (14th ecumenical council) opens, convened by Pope Gregory X
  • 1355 1,200 Jews of Toledo, Spain killed by Count Henry of Trastamara
  • 1416 Monk Nicolaas Serrurier arrested because of heresy at Tournay

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1429 English siege of Orleans broken by Joan of Arc and the French army

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1579 Congress of Cologne forms in Netherlands
  • 1624 Admiral Hermites conquering fleet reaches Callao the Lima, Peru
  • 1638 Cornelis S Goyer takes possession of Mauritius (uninhabited)
  • 1660 Isaack B Fubine of Savoy, in The Hague, patents macaroni
  • 1663 Theatre Royal in Drury Lane London opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1664 Louis XIV of France inaugurates The Palace of Versailles.

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1697 Stockholm's medieval royal castle is destroyed by fire, the Codex Gigas (world's largest extant medieval illuminated manuscript) survives by being thrown out a window

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1700 William Penn began monthly meetings for blacks advocating emancipation

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • 1718 The city of New Orleans founded by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville
  • 1727 Jews are expelled from Ukraine by Empress Catherine I of Russia
  • 1748 French troops conquer Maastricht in the War of the Austrian Succession

  • 1765 HMS Victory launched; Admiral Nelson's flagship at Trafalgar, 40 years later
  • 1771 Samuel Hearne explores Copper Mine River of Canada
  • 1775 Turkish state of Bukovina secedes from Austria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 First US Presidential inaugural ball (for George Washington in NYC)

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1792 Captain Robert Gray discovers Grays Harbor (Washington)
  • 1794 Influential Gothic romance "The Mysteries of Udolpho" is published by Ann Ratcliffe in London
  • 1800 Indiana Territory organized

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1824 Ludwig van Beethoven's 9th (Chorale) Symphony, premieres in Vienna, often regarded as his greatest work

  • 1832 Greece becomes independent, Otto of Bavaria is chosen as king
  • 1836 The settlement of Mayagüez elevates Puerto Rico to the royal status of villa by the government of Spain
  • 1840 Tornado strikes Natchez, Mississippi, kills 317

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1846 First printed copies of "Poems" by Emily, Charlotte and Anne Brontë received, published under pseudonym of Acton, Currer and Ellis Bell (2 copies sold)

  • 1847 American Medical Association organizes (Philadelphia)
  • 1848 Prussians stop insurrection in Varsovia
  • 1856 Argentina & Brazil sign a navigation pact
  • 1861 Riot occurs between prosecessionist & Union supporters in Knoxville TN
  • 1862 Battle of West Point, Virginia (Eltham's Landing, Barnhamsville)
  • 1862 Much of Enschede, Netherlands, destroyed by fire
  • 1864 Battle of Wilderness ends (total losses: USA-17,666; CSA-7,500)
  • 1864 Skirmish at Port Walthall Junction, Virginia (Drewry's Bluff)

MurderAssassination Attempt

1866 German premier Otto von Bismarck seriously wounded in assassination attempt

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1867 Blacks stage ride-in to protest segregation in New Orleans

Historic InventionNobel Patents Dynamite

1867 Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel patents dynamite in England, the first of three patents he would receive for the explosive material

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Alfred Nobel's Dynamite
Alfred Nobel's Dynamite
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  • 1873 US marines attack Panama
  • 1875 German SS Schiller sinks near Scilly Islands, 312 killed
  • 1877 Cincinnati Enquirer first uses term "Bullpen" to indicate foul territory
  • 1885 John E W Thompson named US minister to Haiti
  • 1888 Edouard Lalo's opera "Le roi d'Ys" premieres in Paris
  • 1891 Battle in Bunyoro: Capt F Lugard stops Muslim rebellion, 300 killed
  • 1895 Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention - the world's first radio receiver in St. Petersberg. Celebrated as Radio Day in Russia.
  • 1902 La Soufrière volcano on St Vincent kills 1,680 people
  • 1904 Flexible Flyer trademark registered
  • 1907 Charles Collier wins 1st Isle of Man TT Race: (38.22 mph)
  • 1908 Emperor Franz-Joseph celebrates his golden jubilee with festivities throughout the Austro-Hungarian empire
  • 1909 Construction begins on first 100 houses in Ahuzat Bayit (Tel Aviv)
  • 1910 35th Preakness: R Estep aboard Layminster wins in 1:40.6
  • 1912 Columbia University approves plans for awarding the Pulitzer Prize in several categories, after established by Joseph Pulitzer
  • 1913 British House of Commons rejects women's right to vote
  • 1913 An ambassadorial conference in St Petersburg, Russia, awards the town of Silistria to Rumania in compensation for Bulgaria's other territorial gains in the First Balkan War
  • 1914 US Congress establishes Mother's Day
  • 1915 RMS Lusitania sunk by German submarine off the southern coast of Ireland; 1198 lives lost

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 In a testament to his pitching ability, future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Babe Ruth leads Boston Red Sox to a 1-0 victory against Washington Senators legend Walter Johnson

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • 1919 A draft of the Versailles Treaty is shown to Germans
  • 1920 USSR recognizes Georgia's independence
  • 1921 47th Kentucky Derby: Charles Thompson on Behave Yourself wins 2:04.2
  • 1922 Belgian soccer team defeats Netherlands: 1-2
  • 1922 NY Giant Jesse Barnes no-hits Phillies, 2-0
  • 1923 Mine strike at Belgian Borinage railroad
  • 1924 Peruvian Torre forms APRA, Alianza Popular Revolutionaria Americana
  • 1925 Phillies have their 8th game postponed in a row
  • 1925 MBA Pittsburgh Pirate shortstop Glenn Wright makes an unassisted triple play
  • 1927 SF Municipal Airport (Mills Field) dedicated
  • 1927 Angelos Sikelianos organizes the first Delphic Festival in Delphi to celebrate the ancient Greek Delphic ideal.
  • 1928 The United Kingdom lowers age of women voters from 30 to 21
  • 1928 Pulitzer prize awarded to Thornton Wilder for "Bridge of San Luis Rey"
  • 1930 Duleepsinhji scores 333 for Sussex v Northants in 330 mins
  • 1932 58th Kentucky Derby: Eugene James aboard Burgoo King wins in 2:05.2
  • 1934 Princess Juliana of the Netherlands opens Juliana Canal between Maastricht and Maasbracht
  • 1934 Part of Khabarovsk becomes a Jewish Autnomous Region
  • 1934 Pulitzer prize awarded to Sidney Kingsley for his play "Men in White"
  • 1934 World's largest pearl (6.4 kg) found at Palawan, Philippines

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 64th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Lawrin scores first of record 5 Derby wins

Racing Hall of Fame Jockey Eddie Arcaro
Racing Hall of Fame Jockey
Eddie Arcaro
  • 1938 Dutch Minister of Justice Goseling calls fugitives of Nazi-Germany "undesired strangers"
  • 1939 Germany and Italy announce an alliance known as the Rome-Berlin Axis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 British House of Commons votes for Winston Churchill (477-3)

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Music releaseMusic Recording

1941 Glenn Miller records "Chattanooga Choo Choo" for RCA

Big Band Leader and Jazz Composer Glenn Miller
Big Band Leader and Jazz Composer
Glenn Miller
  • 1942 Battle of Coral Sea ends stopping Japanese expansion
  • 1942 Nazi decree orders all Jewish pregnant women of Kovno Ghetto executed
  • 1943 British 11th Hussars occupy Tunis
  • 1943 Dutch men 18-35 obliged to report to labor camps

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Liberty Ship George Washington Carver, named after scientist, launched

Agricultural Scientist and Inventor George Washington Carver
Agricultural Scientist and Inventor
George Washington Carver
  • 1943 US 1st Armour division occupies Ferryville, Tunisia
  • 1943 US 9th Infantry division occupies Bizerta/Bensert, Tunisia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Branch Rickey announces formation of the US Negro Baseball League

Baseball Player and Sports Executive Branch Rickey
Baseball Player and Sports Executive
Branch Rickey

  • 1945 World War II: British troops enter Utrecht, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 World War II: Unconditional German surrender to the Allies signed by General Alfred Jodl at Rheims

Nazi Leader and WWII General Alfred Jodl
Nazi Leader and WWII General
Alfred Jodl
  • 1945 Princess Irene Brigade moves into The Hague, Netherlands
  • 1945 Pulitzer prize awarded to John Hersey (Bell for Adano)
  • 1945 SS open fire on crowd in Amsterdam, killing 22
  • 1946 William H Hastie inaugurated as 1st black governor of Virgin Islands
  • 1946 Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering (later renamed Sony) is founded with around 20 employees
  • 1947 "Kraft Television Theater" premieres on NBC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 General MacArthur approves Japanese constitution

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1947 Paraguayian government unleashes contra revolt
  • 1948 Nazi collaborator V-Mann Antonius van de Waals sentenced to death
  • 1949 75th Kentucky Derby: Steve Brooks aboard Ponder wins in 2:04.2
  • 1951 International Olympic committee allows Russia to participate in 1952 Olympics
  • 1951 Pulitzer prize awarded to Conrad Richter (The Town)
  • 1952 The concept of the integrated circuit, the basis for all modern computers, is first published by Geoffrey Dummer
  • 1953 "Can Can" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 892 performances
  • 1953 Record 537-kg swordfish is caught by LE Marron, in Chile
  • 1954 French surrender to Vietminh after 55-day siege at Dien Bien Phu
  • 1954 US, Great Britain & France reject Russian membership of NATO
  • 1955 81st Kentucky Derby: Bill Shoemaker aboard Swaps wins in 2:01.8
  • 1955 USSR signs peace treaty with France & Great Britain
  • 1955 West European Union established
  • 1956 Battle at Oran, Algeria, kills 300
  • 1956 NY Giant Bill White, homers in his 1st at bat
  • 1956 Pulitzer prize awarded to Frances Goodrich & Albert Hackett
  • 1957 Indians' pitcher Herb Score is hit by a line drive off Gil McDougald
  • 1958 US Air Force Major Howard Johnson sets world aircraft altitude record in a Lockhead F-104 Starfighter at 27,810 m

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 "Roy Campanella Night" Largest baseball crowd at 93,103 at the LA Coliseum see Yankees beat Dodgers 6-2 in exhibition game

MLB Catcher Roy Campanella
MLB Catcher
Roy Campanella
  • 1960 "Christine" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 12 performances
  • 1960 "Flower Drum Song" closes at St James Theater NYC after 602 performances

  • 1960 "From A to Z" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 21 performances
  • 1960 86th Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack on Venetian Way wins in 2:02.4
  • 1960 Dodgers Larry & Norm Sherry are baseball's 10th brother battery
  • 1960 LA Dodger Norm Sherry's 11th HR wins the game for brother Larry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 Leonid Brezhnev replaces Kliment Voroshilov as President of USSR

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
  • 1960 Michael Tal beats Mikhail Botvinnik 12½-8½ for world chess championship
  • 1960 USSR announces Francis Gary Powers confesses to being a CIA spy
  • 1961 "Young Abe Lincoln" closes at Eugene O'Neill NYC after 27 performances
  • 1962 Pulitzer prize awarded to Theodore H. White (Making of President 1960)
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1963 Bruno Sammartino becomes WWF champ
  • 1963 SETC Telstar 2 launched (apogee 6,700 miles (10,800 km))
  • 1965 WAOW TV channel 9 in Wausau, WI (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1966 92nd Kentucky Derby: Donald Brumfield aboard Kauai King wins in 2:02
  • 1966 Mamas & Papas "Monday Monday" hits #1
  • 1966 NY Yankees fire manager Johnny Keane
  • 1969 2nd ABA championship: Oakland Oaks beat Indiana Pacers, 4 games to 1
  • 1969 Lt General Robert E Cushman, Jr, USMC, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1970 "Long & Winding Road" becomes Beatles' last American release
  • 1972 26th NBA Championship: LA Lakers beat NY Knicks, 4 games to 1
  • 1973 Pulitzer prize awarded to Eudora Welty (Optimist's Daughter)
  • 1974 Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert Lowell (Dolphin)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 US President Gerald Ford declares an end to "Vietnam Era"

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1975 Small Astronomy Satellite Explorer 53 launched to study X-rays
  • 1977 "Happy End" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 75 performances
  • 1977 103rd Kentucky Derby: Jean Cruguet on Seattle Slew wins in 2:02.2
  • 1977 22nd Eurovision Song Contest: Marie Myriam for France wins singing "L'oiseau et l'enfant" in London
  • 1979 5th UNCTAD-conference opens in Manila
  • 1979 Gary Roenicke hits into Orioles 13th triple play (Oakland)
  • 1980 Yugoslav President Josip Tito is buried

  • 1980 Samm-Art Williams' "Home" premieres in NYC
  • 1982 "Is There Life after High School?" opens at Barrymore NYC for 12 performances
  • 1982 Californian federal jury rules NFL violates antitrust laws in preventing Oakland Raiders move to Los Angeles Coliseum
  • 1982 IBM releases PC-DOS version 1.1
  • 1982 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1983 109th Kentucky Derby: Ed Delahoussaye wins aboard Sunny's Halo for consecutive Derby victories (1982 Gato Del Sol)
  • 1983 August Hoffman performs record 29,051 consecutive sit-ups
  • 1983 NHL Prince of Wales Conference Final: New York Islanders beat Boston Bruins, 4 games to 2

VietnamAgent Orange in Vietnam

1984 $180m out-of-court settlement reached in Agent Orange suit

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An American aircraft sprays Agent Orange over the forest during the Vietnam War
An American aircraft sprays Agent Orange over the forest during the Vietnam War
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  • 1986 Phillies outfielder Garry Maddox, retires
  • 1986 Iraq bombs a Tehran oil refiner
  • 1986 30th European Cup: Steaua Bucuresti beats Barcelona (0-0, 2-0 on penalties) at Seville
  • 1987 105°F in Sacramento, CA
  • 1987 Diane Chambers' (Shelley Long) final episode on TV comedy "Cheers"
  • 1988 114th Kentucky Derby: Gary Stevens on Winning Colors wins in 2:02.2
  • 1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1989 Mark Merrony (Wales) cycles for 30 mins in Nepal at 21,030 feet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Panamanian voters reject dictator Manuel Noriega's bid for presidency

Panamanian General and Dictator Manuel Noriega
Panamanian General and Dictator
Manuel Noriega
  • 1991 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1991 Haryana beat Bombay in the Ranji Cricket Trophy final by 2 runs
  • 1992 5 NYC cops arrested in Hauppauge, Long Island, for selling cocaine
  • 1992 Constitutional amendment barring mid-term congressional raises passes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Champion Puerto Rican jockey Ángel Cordero Jr. retires after winning 7,057 thoroughbred horse races

  • 1992 US space shuttle STS-49 launched (maiden voyage of Endeavour)
  • 1993 South Africa agrees to multi-racial elections
  • 1994 120th Kentucky Derby: Chris McCarron on Go For Gin wins in 2:03.6
  • 1994 Denver Nuggets become NBA's 1st #8 seed to beat a #1 seed (Seattle)

Person of InterestThe Scream

1994 Edvard Munch's painting "The Scream" is recovered 3 months after it was stolen

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The Scream, pastel on cardboard by Edvard Munch
The Scream, pastel on cardboard by Edvard Munch
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  • 1995 "On the Waterfront" closes at Atkinson Theater NYC after 8 performances

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1995 Jacques Chirac wins French presidential election

President of France Jacques Chirac
President of France
Jacques Chirac

  • 1995 Twins beat Indians 10-9 in 17 innings, 6 hours & 36 minutes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996 Comedian Martin Lawrence suffers a nervous breakdown

Comedian Martin Lawrence
Martin Lawrence
  • 1997 Expos scores 13 in 6th at Giants
  • 1997 Galileo, 4th Ganymede Flyby (Orbit 8)

Film release premierFilm Release

1997 Science fiction film "The Fifth Element" written and directed by Luc Besson, starring Bruce Willis and Milla Jovovich is released. Then the most expensive European film ever made.

  • 1998 Mercedes-Benz buys Chrysler for $US40 billion and forms DaimlerChrysler in the then largest industrial merger in history
  • 1999 Kosovo War: In Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, three Chinese citizens are killed and 20 wounded when a NATO aircraft bombs the Chinese embassy in Belgrade
  • 1999 In Guinea-Bissau, President João Bernardo Vieira is ousted in a military coup.

BeatificationPapal Visit

1999 Pope John Paul II travels to Romania becoming the first pope to visit a predominantly Eastern Orthodox country since the Great Schism in 1054.

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1999 Jury finds "The Jenny Jones Show" and Warner Bros. liable in death of Scott Amedure, after purposely deceiving Jonathan Schmitz to appear on a same-sex crush episode. Schmitz later kills Amedure, jury awards Amedure's family $25 million
  • 2002 A China Northern Airlines MD-82 plunges into the Yellow Sea, killing 112 people.
  • 2003 Arsenal thrash Southampton, 6-1 at Highbury to start Gunners' amazing English Premier League record 49-game unbeaten streak; ends 24 October, 2004 with 2-0 defeat at Manchester United
  • 2005 131st Kentucky Derby: Mike Smith aboard Giacomo wins in 2:02.75
  • 2006 52nd British Academy Television Awards: "Help" Best Comedy, "Doctor Who" Best Drama
  • 2007 Ehud Netzer of Hebrew University announces he has discovered the tomb of Herod the Great at Herodium, West Bank

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2008 Dmitry Medvedev is sworn in as the 3rd President of the Russian Federation

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev
Russian President
Dmitry Medvedev
  • 2011 137th Kentucky Derby: John Velazquez aboard Animal Kingdom wins in 2:02.04

Film release premierFilm Premier

2011 "Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides", directed by Rob Marshall, starring Johnny Depp and Penélope Cruz, premieres in - opening weekend makes $350.6m

  • 2012 NATO air strike kills 14 and woulds 6 civilians in Afghanistan's Badghis Province