On This Day

Historical Events on November 10

  • 911 Conrad I of Germany [Conrad the Younger] elected as King of East Francia
  • 1444 Battle at Varna, Black Sea: Sultan Murad II beats crusaders
  • 1526 John I Zapolyai of Transsylvania chosen as king of Hungary
  • 1544 Flemish painter Jan Matsys banished from Antwerp for religious beliefs
  • 1567 Battle at St-Denis: French government army vs Huguenots
  • 1584 Willem Louis of Nassau appointed viceroy of Friesland

Historic Event

1619 René Descartes has the dream that inspires his "Meditations on First Philosophy"

  • 1630 Failed palace revolution in France against Richelieu
  • 1674 Dutch formally cede New Netherlands (New York) to the English
  • 1687 Pope Innocent XI publishes decree Coelestis pastor
  • 1697 English parliament accept army reduction
  • 1766 The last Colonial governor of New Jersey, William Franklin, signs the charter of Queen's College (later renamed Rutgers University).
  • 1775 The Second Continental Congress forms Continental Marines, precursor to the United States Marine Corps
  • 1793 France ends forced worship of God
  • 1801 Kentucky outlaws duelling
  • 1808 Osage Treaty / Treaty of Fort Clark, Osage Nation cedes territory in Missouri and Arkansas to the US
  • 1836 Louis Napoleon banished to America
  • 1847 The passenger ship Stephen Whitney is wrecked in thick fog off the southern coast of Ireland, killing 92 of the 110 on board. The disaster results in the construction the Fastnet Rock lighthouse.

Sports History

1857 First American Chess Congress is won by Paul Morphy; beats Louis Paulson, 6-2 for a tournament record of 14 wins, 3 draws and 1 loss

'Dr. Livingstone, I presume?'

1871 Henry Morton Stanley encounters David Livingstone at Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyika in Central Africa, with the immortal words 'Dr Livingstone, I presume?'

  • 1878 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Bespridannitsa" premieres in Moscow
  • 1883 Toronto Argonauts defeat Ottawa FC 9-7, for 1st ORFU Championship

Historic Event

1885 German engineer Gottlieb Daimler unveils the world's first motorcycle

  • 1891 1st Women's Christian Temperance Union meeting held (in Boston)
  • 1891 Granville T Woods patents electric railway
  • 1892 1st CRU championship game: Osgoode Hall defeats Montreal, 45-5
  • 1894 Fred Lugard signs accord with king Lafia "Absalamu" of Nikki
  • 1898 Wilmington, North Carolina Coup D'état: White Supremacists violently overthrow local government, killing and threatening Black leaders [1] [2]
  • 1905 Sailors join the rebellion at Kronstadt naval base in Russia
  • 1908 1st Gideon Bible put in a hotel room
  • 1910 The date of Thomas A. Davis' opening of the San Diego Army and Navy Academy, though the official founding date is November 23, 1910.

Historic Event

1911 Andrew Carnegie forms Carnegie Corporation for scholarly and charitable works

  • 1911 Chinese Imperial army recaptures Nanking (blood bath)
  • 1917 41 suffragists are arrested in front of White House
  • 1917 Faure's 2nd Violo Sonate premieres

Historic Event

1917 New bolshevik government under Lenin suspends freedom of press (temporary) during October Revolution

Historic Event

1918 German Emperor Wilhelm II flees to Netherlands

Historic Event

1918 Independence of Poland proclaimed by Józef Piłsudski

  • 1918 Western Union Cable Office in North Sydney, Nova Scotia receives a top-secret coded message from Europe stating on November 11, 1918 all fighting would cease on land, sea and in the air
  • 1919 1st observance of National Book Week
  • 1919 American Legion's 1st national convention (Minneapolis)

Historic Event

1920 George Bernard Shaw's "Heartbreak House" premieres in NYC

  • 1923 German ex-crown prince flees Netherlands for Germany
  • 1924 Dion O'Banion, leader of the North Side Gang is assassinated in his flower shop by members of Johnny Torrio's gang, sparking the bloody gang war of the 1920s in Chicago.
  • 1926 Guomindang-regring deallocates seat of Kanton to Wuhan (Hankou)

Historic Event

1926 Vincent Massey becomes 1st Canadian minister to USA

Historic Event

1928 Emperor Hirohito of Japan's possession of the Imperial Regalia is publicly confirmed

  • 1933 Black Blizzard snowstorm-duststorm rages from SD to Atlantic

Sports History

1934 First NHL penalty shot is awarded to Montreal Canadiens forward Armand Mondou; stopped by Toronto goaltender George Hainsworth in Maple Leafs' 2-1 win

Historic Event

1937 Brazilian dictator Getulio Vargas proclaims "Estado novo"

  • 1938 8.3 earthquake shakes East of Shumagin Islands, Alaska
  • 1938 Nobel for literature awarded to Pearl Buck (Good Earth)
  • 1938 Second day of Kristallnacht: pogrom against the Jews in Germany and Austria after assassination of a German diplomat in Paris
  • 1940 Pittsburgh Steelers & Philadelphia Eagles play one of only 4 penalty free games in NFL history; Steelers win 7-3 at Forbes Field, Pittsburgh

Film & TV History

1940 Walt Disney begins serving as an informer for the Los Angeles office of the FBI; his job is to report back information on Hollywood subversives.

  • 1942 Philip Barry's "Without Love" premieres in NYC
  • 1942 US troops occupy airport of Port-Lyautey, Morocco
  • 1942 US-British troops occupies Oran, Algeria
  • 1944 German riots in Rotterdam/Schiedam 52,000 men sent to Germany
  • 1944 US 9th Army takes Margraten cemetery
  • 1944 Ammunition ship USS Mount Hood (AE-11) exploded at Seeadler Harbour, Manus, Admiralty Islands
  • 1945 Harry Revel and Arnold B. Horwitt's musical comedy "Are You with It?" opens at Century Theater, NYC, later moving to the Shubert Theatre; runs for 264 performances
  • 1945 College football's #1 Army beats #2 Notre Dame 48-0

Historic Event

1945 General Enver Hoxha becomes leader of Albania

  • 1945 Heavy battle in Surabaya between Indonesian nationalists and returning colonialists after World War II, celebrated as Heroes' Day (Hari Pahlawan).
  • 1946 Communists win many seats at French parliamentary election
  • 1950 After 9 years, Cleveland Indians fire manager Lou Boudreau
  • 1950 Clifford Odet's "Country Girl" premieres in NYC
  • 1950 Jacobo Árbenz elected President of Guatemala

Nobel Prize

1950 Nobel for literature awarded to William Faulkner

  • 1951 1st long distance telephone call without operator assistance
  • 1952 Trygve Lie resigns as 1st Secretary General of the United Nations
  • 1953 Giants end their tour of Japan (players got $331 of $3,000 promised)

Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima

1954 "Marine Corps War Memorial" unveiled in Arlington County, Virginia, dedicated to US Marine Corps who died in defense of US since 1775 (inspired by 1945 Iwo Jima photo of servicemen raising US flag)

  • 1955 James Mundy and John La Touche's musical comedy "Vamp" opens at Winter Garden Theater, NYC; runs for 60 performances

Music Premiere

1956 Gene de Paul and Johnny Mercer's musical "Li'l Abner", based on the hillbilly comic strip, opens at the St. James Theatre, NYC; runs for 693 performances

  • 1957 NFL record crowd (102,368), '49ers vs Rams in LA
  • 1957 Cleveland Browns' Don Paul sets club record for longest fumble return with a 89-yard run (and TD), beating Pittsburgh 24-0
  • 1958 Bertolt Brecht's play " The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui" premieres in Stuttgart, West Germany
  • 1958 WUFT TV channel 5 in Gainesville, FL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1959 Corinne Rottschaeffer of the Netherlands elected Miss World

How Britain Fell in Love with Lady Chatterley

1960 Uncensored version of D. H. Lawrence's "Lady Chatterley’s Lover" finally goes on sale in the UK after a jury finds publisher Penguin Books not guilty in an obscenity trial

  • 1962 "Nowhere to Go, But Up" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 9 performances

NHL Record

1963 Detroit right wing Gordie Howe surpasses Maurice Richard as leading NHL all-time goal scorer with 545th career goal in a 3-0 Red Wings victory over Montreal Canadiens in Detroit

  • 1964 "Something More!" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 15 performances
  • 1964 Braves sign a 25-year lease to play in the new Atlanta stadium
  • 1965 Manneke Pis statue stolen in Brussels

Historic Event

1966 Jack Lynch becomes Irish premier (Taoiseach)

  • 1966 Lunar Orbiter 2 reaches 196-1871 km around Moon
  • 1967 KXNE TV channel 19 in Norfolk, NB (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 Launch of Zond 6, 2nd unmanned circumlunar & return flight

Historic Event

1968 Portuguese socialist Mário Soares released from banishment in Sao Tomé under new regieme of Marcello Caetano

Television Premiere

1969 "Sesame Street" premieres on PBS TV

  • 1970 Luna 17, with unmanned self-propelled Lunokhod 1, is launched

Music Premiere

1970 Richard Rodgers and Martin Charnin's musical "Two by Two" opens at Imperial Theater, NYC; runs for 343 performances

  • 1971 Joe Torre wins NL MVP, Vida Blue wins AL MVP
  • 1971 US table tennis team arrived in China
  • 1973 "Ship Ahoy" album by The O'Jays is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1974)
  • 1974 Montreal Canadiens shutout Washington Capitals 11-0
  • 1975 Ore ship Edmund Fitzgerald with crew of 29 lost in storm on Lake Superior

Historic Event

1975 PLO leader Yasser Arafat addresses UN in NYC

Sports History

1975 Royals release slugger Harmon Killebrew, ending his 22-year career

  • 1975 UN General Assembly approves resolution equating Zionism with racism
  • 1976 Utah Supreme Court approves execution of convicted murderer Gary Gilmore
  • 1977 Amsterdam: Red Army Faction terrorists Gert Schneider and Christof Wackernagel arrested
  • 1977 Major Indoor Soccer League officially organized (NYC)
  • 1978 Israel's top negotiators broke away from Middle East peace talks

Boxing Title Fight

1978 Larry Holmes KOs Alfredo Evangelist in 7 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1978 NY Yankees trade Lyle, Rajsich, McCall, Heath and Ramos to Texas for Righetti, Mirabella, Beniquez, Jemison and Griffin
  • 1979 Train detrailment in Mississauga, Ontario; a 106 car train derails causing the evacuation of 200,000 people
  • 1980 Dan Rather refuses to pay his cabbie, CBS pays $12.55 fare
  • 1980 Poland acknowledges Solidarity union
  • 1980 Iraq captures southern port of Khorramshahr
  • 1981 Donald Driver and Michael Valenti's musical comedy "Oh, Brother!" opens at ANTA Theater, NYC; runs for 3 performances
  • 1981 Ernest Thompson's "West Side Waltz" premieres in NYC
  • 1982 IMF lends Mexico $3.8 billion due to threatened bankruptcy
  • 1982 Susan Cooper/Hume Cronyn's "Foxfire" premieres in NYC
  • 1983 "Amen Corner" opens at Nederlander Theater NYC for 83 performances
  • 1983 US Federal government shut down

Boxing Title Fight

1983 'Marvelous' Marvin Hagler retains world middleweight boxing title with a 15-round unanimous points decision over Roberto Durán at Caesars Palace, Las Vegas; first time Hagler taken the distance as champion

  • 1984 Australia all out for 76 v West Indies at cricket WACA, Holding 6-21
  • 1984 Miami Hurricanes blows 31-0 lead in 3rd quarter lose to Md 42-40
  • 1984 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Hollywood Park; winners: Chief's Crown, Eillo, Lashkari, Outstandingly, Princess Rooney, Royal Heroine, Wild Again
  • 1986 Bangladeshi Constitution restored

Album Release

1986 Columbia Records releases Bruce Springsteen and the E-Street Band "Live/1975-85", a 5 LP box set of concert recordings

  • 1987 Steve Bedrosian edges Rick Sutcliffe 57-55 to win NL Cy Young Award
  • 1988 China confirms earthquake death toll will rise above current 938
  • 1988 MLB All-Star team beats Japan 3-1 in Tokyo (Game 5 of 7)
  • 1988 NY's MTA announces it may replace tokens with credit card type passes

Sports History

1988 Orel Hershiser (23-8) is a unanimous choice as NL Cy Young Award

  • 1989 Bulgarian party president Todor Zjikov resigns
  • 1989 Germans begin demolishing the Berlin Wall
  • 1989 Word Perfect 5.1 is shipped
  • 1990 Lebanon releases 2 French hostages (Camille Sontag & Marcel Coudari)

Film Premiere

1990 John Hughes' film "Home Alone" directed by Chris Columbus and starring Macaulay Culkin premieres in Chicago

  • 1990 Chandra Shekhar becomes 8th Prime Minister of India
  • 1991 Bernie Kosar ends NFL record of 308 passes without an interception
  • 1991 Browns set club record for largest lead blown (led 23-0), Philadelphia 32-30
  • 1991 Marty Glickman broadcasts his 1,000th football game
  • 1991 South Africa's 1st cricket international since 1970 - one-day v India

Music History

1993 Andrew Lloyd Weber and Tim Rice's biblical rock opera "Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat" opens at Minskoff Theater, NYC; run for 223 performances

  • 1993 Slovakian government of Vladimír Mečiar forms
  • 1995 In Nigeria, playwright and environmental activist Ken Saro-Wiwa along with eight others from the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (Mosop) are hanged by government forces
  • 1996 46th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Terry Labonte wins
  • 1997 "Jackie - An American Life" opens at Belasco Theater NYC

Historic Event

1997 Artist Peter Max pleads guilty to tax fraud & time served

  • 1997 Nanny Louise Woodward murder conviction downgraded to manslaughter

Film Premiere

1998 "Star Trek: Insurrection" film directed by Jonathan Frakes and starring Patrick Stewart and Jonathan Frakes premieres

  • 2001 An agreement is reached at talks in Marrakech, Morocco, on rules for implementation of the Kyoto climate change treaty

Sports History

2003 Kim Clijsters of Belgium becomes first female tennis player to earn $US4 million in a season when she overwhelms Amélie Mauresmo 6-2, 6-0 for the WTA Tour Championship at the Staples Center, Los Angeles

  • 2006 Sri Lankan Tamil Parliamentarian Nadarajah Raviraj assassinated in Colombo.

Historic Event

2007 ¿Por qué no te callas? ("Why don't you shut up?")incident between King Juan Carlos of Spain and Venezuela's president Hugo Chávez.

Music History

2010 Alan Menken, famous Disney composer, receives the 2,442nd star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

  • 2012 20 Syrian troops are killed by suicide bombings in Daara
  • 2012 27 people are killed and dozens injured in a prison conflict in Colombo, Sri Lanka
  • 2012 Israeli counter strike on Palestinian militants in Gaza kills 5 and injure 30
  • 2012 17 people are killed in a helicopter crash as a result of bad weather in Turkey

Election of Interest

2012 The final US presidential election results are declared after Barack Obama wins Florida to defeat Mitt Romney 332-206 in Electoral College votes

  • 2013 Spaniard Marc Márquez wins the 2013 MotoGP World Championship to become its youngest ever winner at 20

Film Premiere

2014 "The Hunger Games" Mockingjay - Part 1" directed by Francis Lawrence and starring Jennifer Lawrence and Josh Hutcherson premieres in London

Historic Event

2014 Ethel Kennedy is awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Barack Obama

Music Single

2014 "Uptown Funk" single released by Bruno Mars (Billboard Song of the Year 2015, Grammy Record Of The Year, Grammy Song of the Year 2016)

  • 2015 Portugal's minority government is toppled by left-wing opposition 2 weeks after coming to power
  • 2015 Fourth Republican presidential candidates debate, sponsored by "The Wall Street Journal", held in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 2017 BBC removes drama from Christmas line-up after one of its stars, Ed Westwick, accused of rape by two women
  • 2017 Louis C.K. admits the stories of sexual misconduct about him are true
  • 2019 Federation Cup Women's Tennis, Perth: French pair Kristina Mladenovic and Caroline Garcia beat Ash Barty and Samantha Stosur of Australia 6-4, 6-3 to clinch a 3-2 victory

Election of Interest

2019 Bolivian President Evo Morales resigns amid widespread protests after national election considered irregular and manipulated

Scientific Discovery

2019 Iranian President Hassan Rouhani announces the discovery of a new oil field with an estimated 53 million barrels of oil in Khuzestan province

  • 2019 Death toll in demonstrations in Iraq reaches 319, with 15,000 injured since Oct 1 according to Iraqi human rights organization
  • 2020 Word of the year is "Lockdown" according to Collins English Dictionary
  • 2020 IPL Cricket Final, Dubai International Stadium: Defending champion Mumbai Indians beat Delhi Capitals by 5 wickets; Trent Boult 3/30 (4), Rohit Sharma 68 (51)
  • 2020 Ceasefire announced signed between Armenia, Azerbaijan and Russia ending military conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh region after over a month of fighting
  • 2021 China and the US announce plans to work together on cutting greenhouse gas emissions at the COP26 summit

Film & TV History

2021 New Zealand filmmaker Peter Jackson sells Weta Digital's technology division to video games company Unity for US$1.6 billion [1]

  • 2084 Next transit of Earth as seen from Mars