On This Day

Historical Events on November 15

  • 655 Battle of the Winwaed: Penda of Mercia is defeated by Oswiu of Bernicia.
  • 1315 Battle of Morgarten: Swiss beat duke Leopold I of Austria
  • 1348 Rudolph of Oron claims Jews have confessed to poisoning wells

Historic Event

1492 Christopher Columbus notes 1st recorded reference to tobacco

  • 1492 In La Guardia, Spain, 6 Jews & 5 Conversos are accused of ritual murder
  • 1515 Thomas Wolsey is invested as an English Cardinal
  • 1527 Treaty of Schoonhoven: Henry of the Palatinate, Bishop of Utrecht, cedes lands to the Habsburgs in return for security help against resistant citizens
  • 1532 Pope Clemens VII tells Henry VIII to end relationship with Anna Boleyn

Historic Event

1577 Sir Francis Drake aboard Pelican travels from Chile to Washington

  • 1583 Gelders Earl Willem of the Bergh flees

Historic Expedition

1620 Myles Standish leads 16 men in a foot exploration of the northern portion of Cape Cod

  • 1660 First kosher butcher (Asser Levy) licensed in New Amsterdam (now New York City)
  • 1679 English House of Commons accepts Exclusion Bill
  • 1688 Prince Willem III's army lands at Torbay, England; the 'Glorious Revolution' commences
  • 1715 Barrier Treaty, Austria cedes area to Netherlands

Pirate Attack

1720 Pirates Anne Bonny, Mary Read, and John Rackham are captured by Capt. Jonathan Barnet and brought to Spanish Town, Jamaica, for trial

  • 1727 NY General assembly permits Jews to omit phrase "upon the faith of a Christian" from abjuration oath
  • 1763 Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon begin surveying Mason-Dixon Line between Pennsylvania and Maryland

Articles of Confederation

1777 Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States, is approved by the Continental Congress

  • 1791 1st Catholic college in US, Georgetown, opens
  • 1806 1st US college magazine, Yale Literary Government, publishes 1st issue
  • 1806 Explorer Zebulon Pike sights Pikes Peak in Colorado

Coup d'état

1811 José Miguel Carrera takes control of the Chilean government in a coup d’état becoming the country's first President

  • 1813 Allied troops occupies Groningen
  • 1813 Tax revolt in Amsterdam
  • 1824 Series of fires kills 10 in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1826 Dutch Business Me gets monopoly on opium trade in Java/Madura
  • 1827 Creek-indians lose all their property in US

Music Premiere

1832 Felix Mendelssohn's "Symphony No. 5 (Reformation)" premieres

Historic Event

1835 Charles Darwin reaches Tahiti on board HMS Beagle, the location where he would formulate his ideas later written in The Structure and Distribution of Coral Reefs

  • 1845 Opera "Maritana" is produced (London)
  • 1849 1st US poultry show opens in Boston
  • 1854 In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is given the necessary royal concession.
  • 1864 1st US mines school opens in basement of Columbia University, NY

Historic Event

1864 Union Major General Sherman leaves Atlanta on his "March to the Sea"

  • 1869 Free postal delivery formally inaugurated
  • 1870 Bathe becomes member of Noordduitse Union
  • 1881 American Federation of Labor (AFL) founded (Pittsburgh)
  • 1882 British HMS Flirt destroys village of Asaba, Niger
  • 1884 European Colonization and trade in Africa is officially regulated at the international Berlin Conference, formalizing European powers "Scramble for Africa"
  • 1887 British SS Wah Yeung catches fire on Canton River off Hong Kong
  • 1889 Dom Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil, deposed; republic proclaimed

Historic Event

1898 David Beatty is promoted to commander

Historic Event

1899 Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill captured by Boers in Natal

  • 1900 Dutch soccer club NEC is established in Nijmegen

Boxing Title Fight

1901 James J. Jeffries TKOs Gus Ruhlin in 6 for heavyweight boxing title in San Francisco

  • 1902 Leopold II, King of Belgium almost assassinated by Italian anarchist
  • 1903 Eugen d'Albert's opera "Tiefland" premieres in Prague

Historic Invention

1904 King C. Gillette patents the Gillette razor blade

  • 1911 Proclamation sets designs for Canadian $5 & $10 gold coins
  • 1913 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis, Perth: Australian Ernie Parker beats NZ namesake Harry Parker 2-6, 6-1, 6-3, 6-2

Historic Event

1914 Italian socialist Benito Mussolini founds newspaper Il Populo d'Italia

Historic Event

1916 Canadian pilot William George Barker flying over Ancre River, spots concentration of German troops massing for counter-attack on Beaumont Hamel, sends emergency Zone Call to break up German infantry apart. Barker later receives Military Cross

  • 1919 US Senate 1st invokes the Cloture Rule to end a filibuster, passes Versailles Treaty [1]
  • 1920 Ernst Toller's "Massen und Menschen" premieres in Nuremberg
  • 1920 Free City of Danzig forms under League of Nations protection
  • 1920 League of Nations holds first meeting in Geneva
  • 1921 KYW-AM in Philadelphia PA begins radio transmissions

Election of Interest

1922 British General Election: Conservative party wins a majority under Andrew Bonar Law

  • 1924 Dutch Christian Radio Society (NCRV) forms
  • 1926 1st formal radio network, RCA takes over AT&T 25 station Network (NBC)
  • 1926 AT&T sells WEAF radio to RCA (NYC)
  • 1932 Walt Disney Art School created
  • 1934 Nobel for chemistry awarded to Harold C Urey (deuterium)
  • 1935 Commonwealth of Philippines inaugurated
  • 1935 "A Night at the Opera", directed by Sam Wood, starring the Marx Brothers, is released
  • 1936 Nazi-Germany & Japan sign Anti-Komintern pact
  • 1937 First US congressional session in air-conditioned chambers
  • 1938 First telecast of an unscheduled event (fire), W2XBT, NY
  • 1938 Farewell Parade of International Brigades in Barcelona
  • 1939 Anti-German demonstrations in Czechoslovakia

Historic Event

1939 FDR lays cornerstone of Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C.

  • 1939 Nazis begin mass murder of Warsaw Jews
  • 1939 The first unemployment compensation law, under the Social Security Act, that of the District of Columbia, was approved for grants by the Social Security Board
  • 1940 1st 75,000 men called to armed forces duty during peacetime
  • 1940 NY Midtown tunnel linking Manhattan and Queens opens to traffic
  • 1941 Cow Palace opens in San Francisco
  • 1941 Yugoslav government in exile names Draza Mihailovic premier
  • 1942 World War II: First flight of the Heinkel He 219.
  • 1944 Surprise attack on office of Nethche Bank
  • 1945 The rules are revised for election of modern players to the Hall of Fame
  • 1946 House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) interrogates astronomer Harlow Shapley

Sports History

1946 Ted Williams is picked as AL MVP

Sports History

1947 Bradman scores his 100th 100, 172 v Indians at the SCG

  • 1947 Soccer team GVVV forms in Veenendaal

Historic Event

1948 Mackenzie King retires after 22 years as Prime Minister of Canada

Historic Event

1948 Louis St. Laurent is sworn in as the 12th Prime Minister of Canada

  • 1949 KRON-TV channel 4 in San Francisco, California (NBC) begins broadcasting; call letters a nod to the owners other business, The San Francisco Chronicle newspaper
  • 1950 Arthur Dorrington, 1st black man in organized hockey is signed, by Atlantic City Seagulls of Eastern Amateur Hockey League
  • 1951 1st-class cricket debut of future great Pakistani batsman Hanif Mohammad; scores 26 in drawn tour match, Pakistan XI v MCC, Lahore
  • 1951 NY Yankee Gil McDougald wins AL Rookie of Year
  • 1953 WIBW TV channel 13 in Topeka, KS (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 WRBL TV channel 3 in Columbus, GA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 1st regularly scheduled commercial flights over North Pole begins
  • 1955 Poland & Yugoslavia sign trade agreement

Film Premier

1956 "Love Me Tender" (The Reno Brothers) film with Elvis Presley in his debut premieres in the US

  • 1956 "Li'l Abner" opens at St James Theater, NYC; runs for 693 performances
  • 1957 US sentences Soviet spy Rudolf Ivanovich Abel to 30 years & $3,000

Murder of Interest

1959 Richard "Dick" Hickock and Perry Smith murder four members of the Clutter Family at their farm outside Holcomb, Kansas (subject of Truman Capote book In Cold Blood)

  • 1959 Cleveland Browns' halfback Bobby Mitchell sets club record for longest run from scrimmage (90-yards), beat Wash 31-17

Sports History

1960 Elgin Baylor of NBA LA Lakers scores 71 points vs NY Knicks

  • 1960 USS G Washington, 1st sub with nuclear ballistic missiles, launched
  • 1961 Comet C/1961 T1 (Seki) approaches within 0.1019 AUs of Earth

Sports History

1961 Roger Maris is voted AL MVP

  • 1961 UN bans nuclear arms

Sports History

1962 Don Drysdale wins Cy Young Award

  • 1964 Ajax soccer star Johan Cruijff debuts against GVAV
  • 1964 KBYU TV channel 11 in Provo, UT (PBS) begins broadcasting

Sports History

1964 Mickey Wright shoots a 62, lowest golf score for a woman pro at the Tall City Open, Midland, Texas

  • 1964 Sudan Premier Ibrahim Abbud resigns
  • 1965 Craig Breedlove sets land speed record (600.601 mph-966.57 kph)
  • 1966 Gemini XII (Lovell & Aldrin) returns to Earth

Sports History

1967 Boston's Carl Yastrzemski wins AL MVP

  • 1967 WLTV TV channel 23 in Miami, FL (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 The only fatality of the X-15 program occurs during the 191st flight when Air Force test pilot Michael J. Adams loses control of his aircraft descending from 81km, causing its mid air destruction over the Mojave Desert
  • 1968 1st date in controversial Jim Bouton baseball diary "Ball Four"
  • 1969 1st Jackson Five record to enter top 100 (I Want You Back)
  • 1969 The 1st ever colour television commercial in the UK, for Birds Eye peas, airs on ATV in the Midlands during a Thunderbirds episode

Vietnam War Moratorium Demonstration

1969 An estimated 2 million people take part in the Vietnam War Moratorium demonstration across the United States

Music History

1969 Janis Joplin, accused of vulgar & indicent language in Tampa, Florida

  • 1969 Wendy's Hamburgers, American fast food restaurant chains founded by Dave Thomas opens in Columbus, Ohio

Sports History

1970 Paul Brown, as head coach of the expansion Cincinnati Bengals, defeats his former team the Cleveland Browns, a moment he calls his "greatest victory"

Historic Invention

1971 Intel advertises 4004-processor

  • 1972 Circle-in the-Square Theater opens at 1633 Broadway NYC
  • 1972 Small Astronomy Satellite Explorer 48 launched to study gamma rays
  • 1972 White Sox Dick Allen wins AL MVP
  • 1973 Egypt & Israel exchange prisoners of war

Music Single

1974 Ringo Starr releases singles "Goodnight Vienna" and "Only You" in the UK

  • 1974 International Energy Agency formed in Paris within OECD framework in the wake of the 1973 oil crisis
  • 1975 "Mammas Don't Let Your Babies Grow Up to Be Cowboys" single released by Ed Bruce
  • 1976 Syrian army conquers Beirut
  • 1978 183 die as Icelandic Airlines DC-8 crashes in Colombo, Sri Lanka

Theater Premiere

1978 Harold Pinter's play "Betrayal" premieres in London

  • 1978 Pirates outfielder Dave Parker wins NL MVP
  • 1979 ABC-TV announces it would broadcast nightly specials on Iran hostage
  • 1979 In Parliament Sir Anthony Blunt, art advisor to the Queen, exposed as 4th man in Soviet spy ring. He was then stripped of his knighthood and fellowship of Trinity College, Cambridge

Historic Event

1979 A package from the Unabomber Ted Kaczynski begins smoking in the cargo hold of a flight from Chicago to Washington, forcing the plane to make an emergency landing

  • 1979 Iran cancels all contracts with U.S. oil companies

Papal Visit

1980 Pope John Paul II began 5 day visit to West Germany

Sports History

1980 30th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Dale Earnhardt wins

  • 1981 Revival of "Camelot" opens at Winter Garden Theater, NYC; runs for 48 performances

Historic Event

1982 Funeral service held in Moscow's Red Square for Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev

  • 1982 4th ACE Cable Awards: "Bernstein/Beethoven" by Horant H. Hohlfeld and Harry J. Kraut

Sports History

1983 75th hat trick in Islander history-Mike Bossy

  • 1983 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus proclaimed
  • 1984 "Emergency" 16th studio album by American band Kool & the Gang is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1985)
  • 1985 A research assistant is injured when a package from the Unabomber addressed to a University of Michigan professor explodes

Album Release

1986 Beastie Boys release their debut album "Licensed to Ill" - 1st No. 1 rap album on Billboard charts

  • 1987 28 of 82 aboard Continental Airlines DC-9, die in crash at Denver
  • 1987 Carla Beurskens runs Dutch female record marathon (2:26:34)
  • 1987 Leile McBridge (Denver), crowned Miss Black America
  • 1987 NY Giant Raul Allegre kicks 2, 50 or more yard field goals in a game
  • 1987 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Sports History

1987 Brazilian Williams driver Nelson Piquet retires from Australian Grand Prix at Adelaide with break trouble but wins his 3rd Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by 12 points from Nigel Mansell

  • 1988 91 m radio telescope dish at Green Bank, WV, collapses
  • 1988 Dodgers outfielder Kirk Gibson wins NL MVP Award
  • 1988 Soviet space shuttle makes unmanned maiden flight (2 orbits)
  • 1988 The first Fairtrade label, Max Havelaar, is launched in the Netherlands.
  • 1989 "Batman" film is released on video tape
  • 1989 "Few Good Men" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 497 performances
  • 1989 Bret Saberhagen wins AL Cy Young Award
  • 1989 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll

Sports History

1989 Test Cricket debut of Waqar Younis & Sachin Tendulkar at Karachi

  • 1989 Walter Davis (Denver) begins NBA free throw streak of 53 games

Historic Event

1990 US President George H. W. Bush signs Clear Air Act of 1990

  • 1990 Producers confirm that Milli Vanilli didn't sing on their album
  • 1990 US 68th manned space mission STS 38 (Atlantis 7) launches into orbit
  • 1991 Dow Jones avg drops 120.31 points (5th largest dive)
  • 1991 Ricky Pierce (Seattle) begins NBA free throw streak of 75 game
  • 1992 Cuban Ilyushin IL-18 flight to Puerto Plata crashes, 34 die
  • 1992 Praveen Amre scores century on Test Cricket debut (103 v SA, Durban)
  • 1992 42nd NASCAR Sprint Cup: Alan Kulwicki wins
  • 1993 Howard Stern radio show premieres in Myrtle Beach SC on WYAV 104.1 FM
  • 1993 Joe Buttafuoco sentence to 6 months for statutory rape of Amy Fisher
  • 1993 13 Cuban refugees land in Florida after stealing a crop-duster in Cuba.
  • 1994 "Glass Menagerie" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 57 performances
  • 1994 6.7-8.1 earthquake strikes Philippines, killing 45

Election of Interest

1994 German Bundestag officially elects Helmut Kohl as Chancellor by a single vote (341-340)

  • 1994 Nepal Communist party Dutch Communist Party-UML wins election
  • 1995 "Master Class" opens at Golden Theater NYC for 601 performances
  • 1995 Space shuttle Atlantis docks with orbiting Russian space station Mir
  • 1996 "Into the Whirlwind" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 2 performances
  • 1997 19th ACE Cable Awards: Nickelodeon wins the Golden Cable ACE for "The Big Help"
  • 1999 Next transit of Mercury visible in North America
  • 2000 A chartered Antonov AN-24 crashes after takeoff from Luanda, Angola killing more than 40 people
  • 2000 New state of Jharkhand comes into existence in India
  • 2001 Microsoft releases the first Xbox game console in the US

Historic Event

2002 Hu Jintao becomes the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China

  • 2003 First day of the Istanbul Bombings takes place, followed by additional bombings on November 20th

Sports History

2004 Maria Sharapova becomes the first Russian to win the tennis season-ending WTA Tour Championship; beats American Serena Williams 4–6, 6–2, 6–4 at the Staples Center, Los Angeles

  • 2005 Boeing formally launches the stretched Boeing 747-8 variant with orders from Cargolux and Nippon Cargo Airlines

Music Awards

2005 39th Country Music Association Award: Keith Urban & Gretchen Wilson wins

Album Release

2005 Carrie Underwood releases her debut album “Some Hearts” (2006 Billboard Album of the Year, Grammy Award Best New Artist 2007)

  • 2007 A devastating Cyclone named Sidr hits Bangladesh, killing an estimated 5000 people and destroying Sundarbans, the world's largest mangrove forest

Album Release

2011 "Take Care" second studio album by Drake is released (Grammy Award Best Rap Album 2013)

  • 2012 At least 95 people are killed in Syrian conflicts