On This Day

Historical Events on November 19

  • 461 St Hilary begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1274 Mongol army lands at Hakata Bay in Japan during their first invasion attempt and are defeated; a typhoon destroys most of their fleet as they withdraw
  • 1367 League of Cologne goes against Danish king Waldemar IV

Historic Discovery

1493 Christopher Columbus discovers Puerto Rico, on his 2nd voyage

  • 1521 Battle at Milan: Emperor Charles V's pontifical, Spanish and German troops beat French forces and occupy Milan
  • 1523 Giulio de' Medici chosen as Pope Clemens VII

Historic Event

1530 The Recess document resulting from the Diet of Augsburg signed by Charles V and catholic princes

Historic Event

1544 Pope Paul III opens council of Trente

Ivan the Terrible Kills His Son

1581 Tsarevich Ivan Ivanovich dies after being attacked by his father Ivan the Terrible three days earlier

  • 1620 The Mayflower reaches Cape Cod and explores the coast
  • 1621 Rabbi Isaiah ben Abraham aha-Levi Horowitz arrives in Israel
  • 1644 First protestant ministry society in New England
  • 1794 Jakobin Club forms in Paris
  • 1794 Jay Treaty, first US extradition treaty, signed with Great Britain
  • 1798 Dutch Rijksmuseum founded in the Hague (moved to Amsterdam 1808)

Historic Expedition

1805 Lewis and Clark expedition, led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, reaches the Pacific Ocean, first European Americans to cross the west

  • 1816 Warsaw University is established
  • 1824 Storm causes flooding in St Petersburg, killing 10,000
  • 1835 A ship carrying 500 armed Maori from Ngati Tama and Ngati Mutunga arrives on the Chatham Islands; those Moriori (indigenous people of the Chatham Islands) that are not killed are enslaved
  • 1837 Floridsdorf-Deutsch Wagram railway in Austria opens

Historic Event

1850 Alfred Tennyson becomes British Poet Laureate, succeeding William Wordsworth

  • 1861 American abolitionist Julia Ward Howe commits lyrics of "Battle Hymn of the Republic" to paper
  • 1861 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe leaves Philadelphia, USA, for London, England on the Elizabeth Watts

Words That Echoed Down The Decades

1863 US President Abraham Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg address beginning; "Four score and seven years ago..."

  • 1872 E.D. Barbour of Boston is awarded the first U.S. patent for the first 'calculator', an adding machine capable of printing totals and subtotals

Historic Event

1873 William Magear Tweed "Boss Tweed", of Tammany Hall (NYC) convicted of defrauding city of $6M, sentenced to 12 years' imprisonment

  • 1873 James Reed and two accomplices rob the Watt Grayson family of $30,000 in the Choctaw Nation
  • 1879 National Association of Trotting Horse Breeders determines what "is" a trotter
  • 1881 A meteorite lands near the village of Großliebenthal, southwest of Odessa, Ukraine
  • 1885 Bulgarians, led by Stefan Stambolov, repulse a larger Serbian invasion force at Slivinitza
  • 1893 1st newspaper color supplement (NY World)
  • 1894 1st mushroom on a stamp (China 1 & 5 Ap)
  • 1894 Dutch troops occupy & plunders palace of Tjakra Negara, Lombok
  • 1895 American inventor Frederick E. Blaisdell patents the pencil
  • 1903 Temperance activist Carrie Nation attempts to address the US Senate
  • 1905 The steamer "Hilda" sinks in the English Channel (100 people drown)
  • 1906 London selected to host 1908 Olympics
  • 1909 Former Dutch premier Abraham Kuyper denies corruption
  • 1910 Ferenc Molnàr's play "Tester" premieres in Budapest

Historic Event

1911 NY receives first Marconi wireless transmission from Italy

Film & TV History

1916 Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Pictures, the company later became one of the most successful independent filmmakers

Signing of the Treaty of Versailles

1919 US Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles by a vote of 55 to 39; Congress two years later approves resolution ending hostilities with Germany and Austria-Hungary

  • 1922 Demonstration for a French Language University in Ghent

Music History

1923 Béla Bartòk's "Tancsuite" premieres

  • 1923 The Oklahoma State Senate ousts Governor Walton for anti-Ku Klux Klan measures
  • 1926 British miners' strike ends after 28 weeks

Historic Event

1926 Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Politburo in the Soviet Union

  • 1932 Joe Kershalla scores 71 points in a college football game

Historic Event

1932 Shaft & Thyssen demand Adolf Hitler become German chancellor

  • 1933 Women allowed to vote in Spain (helps right wing)
  • 1939 Don Lash wins 6th straight AAU cross-country 10K championship
  • 1939 Comic superheroes Flash (as Jay Garrick) and Hawkman (Carter Hall) first appear in "Flash Comics No. 1" published by DC
  • 1940 Belgian King Leopold III visits Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 First major German air raid on Birmingham - about 440 bombers kill 450

Historic Event

1942 Joseph Goebbels visits "German Theatre in the Netherlands"

  • 1942 Russia launches winter offensive against Germans along Don front
  • 1942 Operation Uranus: Soviet offensive begins during Battle of Stalingrad, 1 million Soviet soldiers encircle the German Sixth Army
  • 1943 U-536 sinks in Atlantic Ocean

Historic Event

1944 World War II: U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling $14 billion USD in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.

  • 1947 200" mirror arrives at Mt Palomar Observatory, California

Royal Coronation

1949 Prince Rainier III coronation as 30th ruling Prince of Monaco

Historic Event

1950 US General Eisenhower becomes supreme commander of NATO-Europe

Sports History

1951 Roy Campanella named NL MVP on his 30th birthday

  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1952 North American F-86 Sabre sets world aircraft speed record, 1124 KPH
  • 1952 Spain joins UNESCO
  • 1952 Scandinavian Airlines opens a commercial route from Canada to Europe
  • 1953 US Supreme Court rules (7-2) baseball is a sport not a business

Historic Event

1953 US VP Richard Nixon visits Hanoi

  • 1955 KXMB TV channel 12 in Bismarck, North Dakota (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 National Review publishes its first issue
  • 1957 Antonin Novotny appointed president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1958 First 2 F-27 Fokker's Friendships delivered on Aer Lingus
  • 1959 "Rocky & His Friends" debuts on ABC
  • 1959 Ford Motors cancels its poorly received Edsel model
  • 1960 Mickey Vernon is hired as 1st manager of new Washington team
  • 1961 Houston Oilers quarterback George Blanda passes for 7 touchdowns in a 49-13 rout of NY Titans at Jeppesen Stadium, Houston

Historic Event

1962 Fidel Castro accepts removal of Soviet weapons

  • 1962 KOET (now KULC) TV channel 9 in Ogden, UT (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1962 SN Behrman's "Lord Pengo" premieres in NYC
  • 1962 Todor Zjivkov becomes premier of Bulgaria
  • 1965 ABC radio begins weekly "Vietnam Update" report
  • 1965 Kellogg's Pop Tarts pastries created
  • 1966 Mad Dog Vachon beats Dick The Bruiser in Omaha, to become NWA champ
  • 1967 The establishment of TVB, the first wireless commercial television station in Hong Kong
  • 1968 Military coup in Mali, president Modibo Keita flees
  • 1968 Yankees pitcher Stan Bahnsen wins AL Rookie of Year
  • 1969 Apollo 12's Charles Conrad and Alan Bean become the 3rd and 4th humans on the Moon
  • 1969 WENY TV channel 36 in Elmira, NY (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1970 Golden Gate Park Conservatory becomes a Californian state historical landmark
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 Disney World's Fort Wilderness opens
  • 1972 "Ambassador" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 9 performances
  • 1972 "Dear Oscar" closes at Playhouse Theater NYC after 5 performances
  • 1972 Gershwin Theater (Uris) opens at 1633 Broadway NYC
  • 1972 KFIZ TV channel 34 in Fond du Lac, WI suspends broadcasting

Election of Interest

1972 Willy Brandt's SPD wins West German election

  • 1972 Leader of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) Seán MacStiofáin is arrested in Dublin
  • 1973 Elections in Suriname, premier Sedney's PNP doesn't win a chair
  • 1973 New York stock market takes sharpest drop in 19 years

Sports History

1975 Reds 2nd baseman Joe Morgan is named NL MVP

Film Release

1975 "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" based on book by Ken Kesey, directed by Milos Forman and starring Jack Nicholson and Louise Fletcher is released (Academy Awards Best Picture 1976)

Music Single

1976 George Harrison releases single "This Song", an expression of his frustration at being sued for copyright infringement

  • 1976 Patty Hearst is freed on $15 million bail
  • 1976 Jaime Ornelas Camacho takes office as the first President of the Regional Government of Madeira, Portugal
  • 1977 Canuck's Ron Sedlbauer fails on 3rd penalty shot against Islanders

Historic Event

1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat arrives in Israel

  • 1977 Libya drops diplomatic relations with Egypt
  • 1978 "The Miracle at the Meadowlands", Eagles Herman Edwards returns a fumble for a touchdown with 31 seconds left to give Philadelphia a 19-17 victory over the rival New York Giants
  • 1978 28th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Cale Yarborough wins

Contract of Interest

1979 Astros sign Nolan Ryan, to record 4 year, $4.5 million contract

Music History

1979 Chuck Berry released from prison for income tax evasion conviction

  • 1981 U.S. Steel agrees to pay $6.3 billion for Marathon Oil

Sports History

1983 Edmonton Oilers beat NJ Devils, 13-4, Wayne Gretzky calls the Devils "a Mickey Mouse organization"

Sports History

1983 Jari Kurri becomes the first (and only) Finnish player to score five goals in a game

  • 1984 Liquid gas tank in Mexico City explodes; 334 die

Sports History

1984 NY Met Dwight Gooden, 20, is youngest to be named NL Rookie of Year

  • 1985 Herb Gardner's "I'm Not Rappaport" premieres in NYC
  • 1985 In the largest civil verdict in US history, Pennzoil wins $10.53 billion judgement against Texaco

Sports History

1986 Phillies 3rd baseman Mike Schmidt wins NL MVP

  • 1986 Tina Howe's "Coastal Disturbances" premieres in NYC
  • 1987 France performs nuclear test
  • 1989 US beats Trinidad, 1-0 qualifing for 1990 world soccer cup finals it was US' 1st qualification since 1950
  • 1989 39th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Rusty Wallace wins

Sports History

1989 German tennis No. 1 Steffi Graf regains the WTA Tour Championship in NYC; beats Martina Navratilova 6–4, 7–5, 2–6, 6–2

  • 1990 Greyhound files reoganization plan so they can be traded publicly

Sports History

1990 Pittsburgh Pirates outfielder Barry Bonds wins NL MVP

  • 1990 Pop duo Milli Vanilli are stripped of their Grammy Award after it is learned they did not sing on their award-winning "Girl You Know Its True" album

Sports History

1991 Baltimore Orioles shortstop Cal Ripken wins his 2nd AL MVP

  • 1992 "3 From Brooklyn" opens at Helen Hayes Theater NYC for 45 performances
  • 1993 Algerian Muslim fundamentalists uprising, 27 killed
  • 1993 Curacaose vote to remain part of Dutch Antilles

Film & TV History

1994 Aishwarya Rai, 21, of India, crowned 44th Miss World

  • 1995 "Beatle Anthology" premieres on ABC-TV
  • 1995 "Sacrilege" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 21 performances
  • 1995 "School for Scandal" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 23 performances
  • 1995 CFL Grey Cup, Taylor Field, Regina: Baltimore Stallions become only American-based team ever to win Grey Cup; defeat Calgary Stampeders, 37-20
  • 1995 Keelin Curnuck, 23, Ms Venus Swimwear 1994, crowned Miss NY USA
  • 1995 Suicide bomber blasts into Egyptian embassy in Islamabad, kills 16
  • 1995 German tennis No. 1 Steffi Graf outlasts No. 2 Anke Huber 6–1, 2–6, 6–1, 4–6, 6–3 to win the WTA Tour Championship at Madison Square Garden, NYC

Sports History

1995 Home crowd favourite Boris Becker wins his 3rd and final ATP Tour World Championship tennis title with a 7–6, 6–0, 7–6 win over American Michael Chang in Frankfurt, Germany

  • 1996 "God Said, Ha!" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 22 performances
  • 1996 "Sex & Longing" closes at Cort Theater NYC
  • 1996 Albert Belle, signs record five-year, $55 million with White Sox
  • 1996 Space Shuttle STS 80 (Columbia 21), launches into space
  • 1996 The case of the Port Arthur massacre comes to trial.
  • 1996 Lieutenant General Maurice Baril of Canada arrives in Africa to lead a multi-national policing force in Zaire
  • 1996 The 12.9 km Confederation Bridge, joining Borden-Carleton, Prince Edward Island and Cape Jourimain, New-Brunswick is completed and becomes the longest bridge over ice covered waters in the world
  • 1997 "Eugene Onegin" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC
  • 1997 "Old Neighborhood" opens at Booth Theater NYC
  • 1997 STS 87 (Columbia 24) launches into orbit
  • 1997 McCaughey septuplets born to Bobbi McCaughey in Des Moines, Iowa. First set of septuplets to survive infancy.

Historic Event

1998 Vincent van Gogh's "Portrait of the Artist Without Beard" sells at auction for $71.5 million

  • 1999 Shenzhou 1: The People's Republic of China launches its first Shenzhou spacecraft.
  • 1999 In Istanbul, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe ends a two-day summit by calling for a political settlement in Chechnya and adopting a Charter for European Security.

Sports History

2000 Swiss tennis star Martina Hingis wins WTA Tour Championship at Madison Square Garden, NYC; beats Monica Seles, 6–7, 6–4, 6–4

Album Release

2002 Nonesuch Records releases "Travelogue", Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell's 18th studio album, a collection of re-worked versions her own songs, backed by an orchestra

  • 2006 CFL Grey Cup, Canad Inns Stadium, Winnipeg: BC Lions win 5th Championship; defeat Montreal Alouettes, 25-14

Sports History

2006 Roger Federer captures his 3rd Tennis Masters Cup title with a comfortable 6–0, 6–3, 6–4 win over American James Blake in the final in Shanghai, China

Film Release

2010 "Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1" the 7th film based on the books by J. K. Rowling is released worldwide

  • 2010 New Zealand suffers its worst mining disaster since 1914 when the first of four explosions occurs at the Pike River Mine; 29 people are killed
  • 2013 23 people are killed by a suicide bombing attack on the Iranian Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon

Television Premiere

2013 David Blaine performs in the TV special "David Blaine: Real or Magic" on ABC

Robert Mugabe Ousted

2017 Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe refuses to resign in a TV speech after being ousted as leader of ruling ZANU-PF party

  • 2017 Oumuamua first detected by scientists, 400 meters long and reddish, first known interstellar object in our solar system, thought to be of possible alien origin (since thought to be slice of small planet)
  • 2017 Martin Truex Jr., driving for Furniture Row Racing, wins Ford EcoBoost 400 at Homestead-Miami Speedway, Florida to claim Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series by 5 points from Kyle Busch
  • 2017 Bulgarian tennis star Gregor Dimitrov breaks through for a first season-ending ATP World Tour Finals title with a 7–5, 4–6, 6–3 win in London over David Goffin of Belgium

Sports History

2018 Rams beat Kansas City Chiefs, 54-51 at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum; 3rd-highest scoring game in NFL history; first time 2 teams score 50 points in same game; Patrick Mahomes' 6 TD passes for KC most in "Monday Night Football" history

  • 2018 Nissan chairman Carlos Ghosn arrested in Japan for financial misconduct

Historic Event

2018 Ivanka Trump sent "hundred" of emails from her personal account about government business according to Washington Post report

  • 2019 More than 1,000 protesters detained by police after 3-day battle at Hong King Polytechnic University
  • 2019 As many as 106 have died over five days in protests across 21 Iranian cities according to Amnesty International, just 12 deaths reported by the government
  • 2019 EPL club Tottenham sacks high profile manager Mauricio Pochettino after disappointing start to season; replacement is higher profile ex-Chelsea and Manchester United boss Jose Mourinho

NBA Record

2019 LeBron James hits 25 points, 11 rebounds & 10 assists as LA Lakers' beat Oklahoma City Thunder, 112-107 to become first player in NBA history to record a triple-double against all 30 franchises

  • 2020 Inquiry find "credible evidence" elite Australian troops unlawfully killed 39 Afghan civilians
  • 2020 Scottish American Douglas Stuart wins the Booker Literary prize for his first novel "Shuggie Bain"
  • 2021 US jury clears Kyle Rittenhouse (18) of murder for fatally shooting two people and injuring a third during racial justice protests in Kenosha, Wisconsin
  • 2021 Austria becomes the first country to make the COVID-19 vaccine mandatory (from 1 Feb) as it announces its fourth lockdown [1]

Album Release

2021 Adele releases her fourth studio album "30"

  • 2021 Rounder Records releases "Raise The Roof", the 2nd collaborative album by American bluegrass singer Alison Krauss and British rock vocalist Robert Plant