On This Day

Historical Events on November 2

  • 676 Donus begins his reign as Catholic Pope replacing Pope Adeodatus II
  • 1327 King Alfonso IV of Aragon crowned
  • 1355 English invasion army under King Edward lands at Calais
  • 1418 Utrecht conquers Ijsselstein
  • 1642 Second Battle of Breitenfeld, aka First Battle of Leipzig; victory for the Swedish army under Field Marshal Lennart Torstenson over Holy Roman Empire army under Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria
  • 1648 12,000 Jews massacred by Chmielnicki hordes in Narol Podlia
  • 1675 King Philip's War: Plymouth Colony Governor Josiah Winslow leads Plymouth, Rhode Island, Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut militias attacks against the Narragansetts, fearing they would join King Philip's cause
  • 1698 Scottish settlers make landfall in Panama, establishing the ill-fated 'Darien Venture' colony
  • 1712 Suriname government gives French hijacker Jacques Cassard, ƒ682,800
  • 1722 Willem KH Friso (11) appointed viceroy of Gelderland
  • 1749 English Ohio Trade Company forms first trading post
  • 1772 Boston: anti-English Committee of Correspondence forms

Historic Event

1783 General George Washington, later 1st US President, bids farewell to his army after the American Revolutionary War

  • 1813 Treaty of Fulda signed in Germany after Battle of Leipzig
  • 1835 2nd Seminole War begins in Osceola, Florida
  • 1841 Akbar Khan successfully revolts against Shah Shuja in Afghanistan

Election of Interest

1852 Franklin Pierce elected as President of US

  • 1854 Cobblestone paving of Washington St between Dupont and Kearny starts

Murder of Interest

1859 American abolitionist John Brown found guilty of murder, inciting slaves to revolt, and treason against the Virginia Territory during his raid of Harpers Ferry Armory, and sentenced to hang

  • 1861 American Civil War: Western Department Union General John C. Frémont is relieved of command and replaced by David Hunter
  • 1867 Women's fashion magazine "Harper's Bazaar" is 1st published
  • 1868 Time zone: New Zealand officially adopts a standard time to be observed nationally
  • 1875 Verney Cameroon reaches Benguela in Angola, from Africa's east coast, 1st European to cross equatorial Africa

Election of Interest

1880 James A. Garfield (R) elected 20th US President

  • 1881 Dutch New-Malthusiaanse Union forms
  • 1886 German patent granted to inventor Carl Benz for "vehicle with gas engine operation", the first automobile (No. DE37435C)
  • 1889 North Dakota becomes 39th & South Dakota becomes 40th state in the United States
  • 1892 French poet Paul Verlaine visits Netherlands
  • 1895 Belmont Stakes: Fred Taral aboard Preakness winner Belmar wins in 2:11½; race run in November as NY Jockey Club closed out its affairs
  • 1895 First organised auto race in the United States is run in Chicago; 6 cars race over 52-mile lakefront course; 2 finish because of blizzard conditions
  • 1898 French government of Dupuy forms
  • 1898 Theodor Herzl arrives in Jerusalem

First Official Cheerleader

1898 Cheerleading begins in the United States as Johnny Campbell leads the crowd cheering on the football team at the University of Minnesota

  • 1899 Boers begin siege of Ladysmith, Natal
  • 1903 Lyceum Theater (New Lyceum) opens at 149 W 45th St NYC
  • 1903 New Amsterdam Theater opens at 214 W 42nd St NYC
  • 1903 British newspaper "Daily Mirror" begins publishing
  • 1907 Ottawa Mint Proclamation is published

Historic Event

1907 US banker J. P. Morgan locks over 40 bankers in his library to force them to find ways to avert New York banking crisis

  • 1913 St. Louis Browns player-manager George Stovall, fired the previous summer, is the first MLB player to jump to the Federal League, signing to manage the Kansas City Packers
  • 1914 Great Britain annexes Cyprus
  • 1914 V Herbert & H Blossoms "Only Girl" premieres in NYC
  • 1914 Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire
  • 1914 Great Britain declares the entire North Sea a military area: neutral ships will transit it at their own risk
  • 1915 First US election by proportional representation, Ashtabula, Ohio
  • 1916 Battle of Verdun: Fort Vaux reconquered from Germans by French troops without firing a shot
  • 1917 In WWI the 1st US soldiers are killed in combat: James Gresham, Thomas Enright and Merle Hay

Historic Event

1917 Balfour Declaration proclaims support for a Jewish state in Palestine

  • 1917 Lansing-Ishii Agreement; US recognizes Japan's privileges in China

Election of Interest

1920 Warren G. Harding is elected President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate James M. Cox

  • 1920 Westinghouse radio station in East Pittsburgh, KDKA begins broadcasting, with presidential and local election returns

Theater Premiere

1921 Eugene O'Neill's play "Anna Christie" premieres in NYC

  • 1922 Allies deliberate over German mark
  • 1923 Bloody street fights in Aachen led to establishment of the ill-fated Rhenish Republic

Historic Event

1923 Gustav Stresemann's SPD-ministers in Germany, step down

  • 1924 Sunday Express publishes first British crossword puzzle

Music Premiere

1928 Dmitri Shostakovich's 1st Symphony premieres in US with Leopold Stokowski leading the Philadelphia Orchestra at The Academy of Music, Philadelpha

Royal Coronation

1930 Coronation of Ras Tafari Makonnen as Haile Selassie I, 225th Emperor of Ethiopian Solmonic Dynasty

  • 1931 Warren, Dixon and Young's musical "Laugh Parade" premieres in NYC
  • 1932 The "Great Emu War" begins: Australian soldiers armed with Lewis Guns sought to cull the Emu population over crop destruction in Campion district, Western Australia

Sports History

1934 MLB All-Star team led by Connie Mack and including Babe Ruth, Jimmie Foxx and Lou Gehrig starts 18-game tour against Japanese Big-Six University League

  • 1936 At 3pm the BBC begins the world's first regular high-definition TV broadcast service from specially constructed studios at Alexandra Palace, North London
  • 1936 The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) is established

Sports History

1938 Boston Red Sox first baseman Jimmie Foxx is voted Most Valuable Player of the American League for the third time

  • 1942 11th day of battle at El Alamein: British assault on Tel el Aqqaqir
  • 1943 Jewish ghetto of Riga Latvia is destroyed
  • 1944 Canadian troops occupy Knokke
  • 1944 US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Schmidt Hurtgenwald

Ryder Cup

1947 Ryder Cup Golf, Portland GC: US wins first post WWII event, 11-1; Ben Hogan American captain; Henry Cotton GB skipper

Historic Event

1947 Howard Hughes flies "Spruce Goose", a huge wooden airplane for the first and last time

  • 1947 After just 6 games of the season, Chicago Blackhawks trade NHL scoring leader Max Bentley along with Cy Thomas to Toronto Maple Leafs for Gus Bodnar, Bud Poile, Gaye Stewart, Bob Goldham, and Ernie Dickens

Election of Interest

1948 US President Harry Truman is re-elected in an upset victory over Republican candidate Thomas E. Dewey

  • 1948 WJZ TV channel 13 in Baltimore, MD (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1949 The Netherlands recognizes its former colony Indonesia as a sovereign state
  • 1949 NL scheme for national distribution of textiles, meat and cheese disbands
  • 1950 "Barrier" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 4 performances
  • 1950 The Clover Dairy Company test-market the first concentrated milk (Sealtest) in the U.S. in Wilmington, Delaware
  • 1953 Pakistan becomes islamic republic
  • 1954 Charles Diggs Jr is elected Michigan's 1st black congressman to the House of Representatives
  • 1954 Strom Thurmond is the 1st senator elected by write-in vote (South Carolina)

Radio Premiere

1954 BBC radio comedy "Hancock's Half Hour" debuts starring Tony Hancock and Sid James, written by Ray Galton and Alan Simpson

  • 1956 Hungary appeals for UN assistance against Soviet invasion
  • 1957 1st titanium mill opened, Toronto, Ohio
  • 1957 The Levelland UFO Case in Levelland, Texas, generates national publicity, remains one of the most impressive UFO cases in American history
  • 1958 Los Angeles Rams beat Chicago Bears, 41-35 before 90,833 fans at the Los Angeles Coliseum; NFL single-game attendance record
  • 1959 "Girls against the Boys" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 16 performances
  • 1959 Charles Van Doren confesses that TV quiz show "Twenty-One" was fixed
  • 1959 The first section of the M1 motorway, the first inter-urban motorway in the United Kingdom, is opened between the present junctions 5 and 18, along with the M10 motorway and M45 motorway
  • 1960 Dmitri Shostakovich's 8th String quartet premieres in Leningrad

Historic Publication

1960 Penguin Books cleared of obscenity for publishing DH Lawrence's "Lady Chatterley's Lover"

Sports History

1960 New York Yankees outfielder Roger Maris beats teammate Mickey Mantle for American League MVP Award, 225-222; second-closest vote ever

  • 1961 "Kean" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 92 performances
  • 1961 Max Frisch's "Andorra" premieres in Zurich
  • 1963 "Tambourines to Glory" opens at Little Theater NYC for 24 performances

Coup d'état

1963 Ngô Đình Diệm, the President of South Vietnam, is overthrown and assassinated in a coup by the South Vietnamese Army

Historic Event

1964 Faisal succeeds Saud as king of Saudi Arabia

  • 1964 Columbia Broadcasting System buys 80% share in the New York Yankees Baseball Club for $11.2 million; later purchases club outright
  • 1965 Craig Breedlove driving FIA-legal four-wheeler, Sonic I, breaks land speed record with a two-run average of 555.483 mph (893.963 km/h) at the Bonneville Salt Flats, Utah
  • 1966 KHSD TV channel 11 in Lead, SD (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1966 The Cuban Adjustment Act comes into force, allowing 123,000 Cubans opportunity to apply for permanent residence in the US
  • 1968 "Her First Roman" closes at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC after 17 performances
  • 1968 A banned march in Derry, North Ireland, by members of the Derry Citizen's Action Committee (DCAC) is joined by thousands; due to the number of people taking part, the Royal Ulster Constabulary is unable to prevent it
  • 1969 Quarterbacks Billy Kilmer of New Orleans and St Louis' Charlie Johnson each pass for 6 touchdowns for combined NFL record of 12 passing TDs in a game; Saints beat Cardinals, 51-42 at Busch Memorial Stadium

Sports History

1969 41-year old Detroit right wing Gordie Howe picks up his 19th and final NHL hat trick as the Red Wings beat Pittsburgh Penguins, 4-3; Howe is the oldest player to score an NHL hat-trick

  • 1971 "Great Harp" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 7 performances
  • 1971 Baltimore Orioles pitcher Pat Dobson no-hits the Yomiuri Giants, 2 - 0; first no-hitter in history of exhibition play between American and Japanese teams
  • 1972 Construction begins on Kingdome, Seattle

Sports History

1972 Philadelphia Phillies pitcher Steve Carlton is unanimously selected National League Cy Young Award winner; wins 27 games for Phillies, who as a team win only 57 games

  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1972 Government of the Republic of Ireland introduce a bill to remove the special position of the Catholic Church from the Irish Constitution

Television Premiere

1973 "Barbra Streisand ...and Other Musical Instruments" special premieres on CBS TV

  • 1973 OLADE (Latin American Energy Organization) forms

Sports History

1974 Atlanta Braves trade then MLB home run king Hank Aaron to Milwaukee Brewers for outfielder Dave May

  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1974 78 die when the Time Go-Go Club in Seoul, South Korea burns down. Six of the victims jumped to their deaths from the seventh floor after a club official barred the doors after the fire started.
  • 1975 First sports event at The Summit arena in Houston - NBA's Houston Rockets beat Milwaukee Bucks, 104-89; future Rockets coach Rudy Tomjanovich top scores with 24 points

Election of Interest

1976 Democrat candidate Jimmy Carter is elected President of the United States, defeating incumbent Republican President Gerald Ford; Walter Mondale elected vice president

  • 1977 Philadelphia Phillies pitcher Steve Carlton wins his second Cy Young Award, outpointing Tommy John of the LA Dodgers; Carlton leads National League with 23 wins and posts 2.64 ERA
  • 1977 Microbiologist Carl R. Woese and scientists from the University of Illinois announce the identification of methanogens, a form of microbial life (Archaea) dating back some 3.5 billion years
  • 1978 Crew of Soyuz 29 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 31
  • 1978 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1978 Arnold Shapiro's TV documentary "Scared Straight", narrated by Peter Falk as a controversial and questionable deterrent to juvenile delinquency, debuts on Los Angeles' KTLA-TV

Sports History

1978 Wayne Gretzky is sold to the Edmonton Oilers after just 8 games with the Indianapolis Racers of the WHA (scoring 6 points); scores 104 points in 72 games (both teams combined) and is named WHA rookie of the year

Music Premiere

1979 Peter Shaffer's musical "Amadeus" premieres in London

  • 1979 Studio 54's owners are arrested for tax evasion
  • 1982 Fire in Salung tunnel, Afghanistan, 1,000+ Russians die
  • 1983 Abp Hickey conducts papal investigation of Abp Hunthausen, Seattle

Music Single

1983 "Thriller" single released worldwide by Michael Jackson

  • 1984 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1984 Velma Barfield becomes the first woman executed in the United States since 1962
  • 1985 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Aqueduct Racetrack; winners: Cozzene, Life's Magic, Pebbles, Precisionist, Proud Truth, Tasso, Twilight Ridge
  • 1985 LA Kings score 5 goals in a span of 5:37, the fastest in NHL team history; rout Hartford Whalers, 8-1 at Hartford Civic Center
  • 1985 Tulsa's Gordon Brown (214) and Steve Gage (206) set NCAA football record for combined rushing yards in one game for 2 teammates who gained more than 200 yards each in 42-26 win at Wichita State

New York City Marathon

1986 New York City Marathon: Grete Waitz of Norway wins her 8th NYC event in 2:28:06; Gianni Poli of Italy, men's champion in 2:11:06

  • 1986 Ayako Okamoto wins Nichirei Ladies Cup US-Japan Team Golf Championship

Sports History

1986 German tennis star Boris Becker wins his third tournament in 3 weeks in different continents; beats Sergio Casal of Spain 6-4, 6-3, 7-6 in the final of the Paris Open after victories in Japan and Australia

  • 1987 Entertainer Lola Falona is diagnosed with multiple schlerosis

Radio History

1988 Mexican radio station erroneously reports Mike Tyson had died in car crash

Sports History

1988 A's shortstop Walt Weiss wins AL rookie of year; 3rd straight for Oakland; Jose Canseco 1986, Mark McGwire 1987

  • 1988 The Morris worm, first internet-distributed computer worm to gain mainstream media attention launched from MIT, strikes Pentagon, SDI research lab & 6 universities
  • 1989 Musical "Meet Me In St Louis", based on the 1944 film, opens at Gershwin Theater, NYC; runs for 253 performances

Television Finale

1989 "Blackadder Goes Forth" final episode "Goodbyeee" airs on BBC-TV starring Rowan Atkinson and Tony Robinson, written by Richard Curtis and Ben Elton

  • 1990 First NBA game at Target Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota; Rolando Blackman top scores with 21 points as Timberwolves beat Mavericks, 98-85
  • 1990 First regular season game played outside North America by any major professional sports league the NBA's Phoenix Suns beat the Utah Jazz, 119-96 at the Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium in Japan
  • 1990 Golden State Warriors register a 162-158 win over the Denver Nuggets at McNichols Arena, with the 320 total points setting an NBA record for most points scored by 2 teams in a non-overtime game
  • 1991 Jermaine Jackson releases "Word to the Badd!!" anti Michael song
  • 1991 Nevada makes biggest comeback in NCAA football history, overcoming a 35 point 3rd quarter deficit to rally and beat Weber State, 55-49
  • 1991 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Churchill Downs; winners: Arazi, Black Tie Affair, Dance Smartly (leading female thoroughbred money-earner, with $3,083,456), Miss Alleged, Opening Verse, Pleasant Stage, Sheikh Albadou
  • 1991 Bartholomew I becomes the Patriarch of Constantinople, head of 300 million followers of the Eastern Orthodox Church
  • 1991 2nd Rugby World Cup Final, Twickenham: Australia beats England, 12-6 with Wallabies fly-half Michael Lynagh landing 2 penalties and a conversion
  • 1992 First test flight of Airbus A330
  • 1993 First commemorative bricks are laid at Bob Feller Memorial

Film & TV History

1993 Actor Roger Moore (James Bond) has his enlarged prostate removed

  • 1993 Christie Todd Whitman (R) elected 1st woman governor of New Jersey
  • 1993 Dow Jones hits record 3697.64
  • 1993 Ehud Olmert elected mayor of Jerusalem

Election of Interest

1993 Rudy Giuliani wins the New York mayoral election, becomes 1st Republican mayor since 1965

  • 1994 Benzine explosion in Dronka Egypt, 400+ killed
  • 1994 NFL announces the expansion Carolina Panthers would play in the NFC West, while the Jacksonville Jaguars is assigned to the AFC Central
  • 1995 "Busker Alley" premieres at St James Theatre, NY
  • 1995 "Sacrilege" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 21 performances
  • 1995 Spanish Broadcasting System buys NY radio station WPAT-FM for $83.5M
  • 1996 "Hughie" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC
  • 1996 Miami Heat’s Pat Riley becomes eighth coach to win 800 games in 97-95 win at Indiana; milestone accomplished 2 weeks shy of his 15th coaching anniversary, faster than any coach in NBA history
  • 1997 "Barrymore" closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 240 performances
  • 1997 New York City Marathon: John Kagwe of Kenya wins men's race in 2:08:12; Franziska Rochat-Moser of Switzerland women's champion in 2:28:43
  • 1997 Typhoon Linda kills at least 208 in southern Vietnam
  • 1997 Eric Metcalf of the San Diego Chargers returns punts for touchdowns of 85 & 67 yards in 38-31 loss at Cincinnati; joins Hall of Famer Jack Christiansen as only players in NFL history to return punts for TDs twice in a game
  • 2000 The first crew arrives at the International Space Station.

Sports History

2002 Mark Messier plays his 1,616th NHL game, a 3-2 Rangers loss against the St. Blues, to move into 2nd place on the all-time games played list; passes Larry Murphy and ends career with 1,756 games, just 11 shy of Gordie Howe

  • 2003 New York City Marathon: Margaret Okayo of Kenya wins in 2:22:31 to break her own record; her countryman Martin Lel wins men's race in 2:10:30

Television Premiere

2003 US sitcom "Arrested Development" Premieres created by Mitchell Hurwitz, starring Jason Bateman, Porta de Rossi, Michael Cera and an ensemble cast on Fox

Election of Interest

2004 George W. Bush is re-elected as President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate John Kerry

Sports History

2008 British McLaren driver Lewis Hamilton finishes 4th in season-ending Brazilian Grand Prix at Autódromo José Carlos Pace to clinch his first F1 World Drivers Championship by 1 point from Felipe Massa

Sports History

2011 Prodigious Portuguese striker Cristiano Ronaldo scores his 100th goal for Real Madrid in his 105th game for the club in a 2-0 Champions League win over Olympique Lyon

  • 2012 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Santa Anita Racetrack; Day 1 winners: Hightail, Calidoscopio, Flotilla, Beholder, Zagora, Royal Delta
  • 2012 New York City Marathon: cancelled because of the effects of Hurricane Sandy in NYC the week before

Sports History

2013 Brazilian surfer Gabriel Medina claims ASP World Junior Title by beating Ramzi Boukhiam of Morocco in a high-scoring final at Joaquina Beach in Florianopolis, Brazil

  • 2013 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Santa Anita Racetrack; Day 2 winners: Ria Antonia, Dank, Groupie Doll, Mizdirection, New Year's Day, Magician, Secret Circle, Wise Dan, Mucho Macho Man
  • 2013 Masahiro Tanaka's record streak of 30 consecutive starts without a loss ends when the Rakuten Golden Eagles' ace is beaten, 4-2, by the Yomiuri Giants in Game 6 of the Japan Baseball Series
  • 2014 60 people were killed and 110 injured by a suicide bombing in Lahore, Pakistan
  • 2014 New York City Marathon: Wilson Kipsang of Kenya wins in 2:10:59; compatriot Mary Keitany wins first of 3 straight women's titles in 2:25:07

Knighthood

2015 Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull scraps Knights and Dames from Australia's honours system

Film Premiere

2015 "The Hunger Games: Mockingjay – Part 2" directed by Francis Lawrence, starring Jennifer Lawrence, Josh Hutcherson and Liam Hemsworth premieres in Berlin

  • 2016 Baseball World Series: Chicago Cubs beat Cleveland Indians, 8-7 in Game 7 at Progressive Field, Cleveland; first Cubs' title in 108 years; MVP: Chicago utility Ben Zobrist

Historic Event

2017 On This Day and Xiaomi launch a content partnership to display today in history content in Xiaomi's calendar app to users in India

Historic Event

2017 Jerome Powell nominated by US President Donald Trump to be next Chair of the Federal Reserve

  • 2018 Tiger thought to have killed 13 people shot dead after month-long hunt near Pandharkawada, central India
  • 2018 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Churchill Downs; Day 1 winners: Bulletin, Newspaperofrecord, Jaywalk, Line of Duty, Game Winner
  • 2019 9th Rugby World Cup, Yokohama: South African fly-half Handré Pollard lands 6 penalties and 2 conversions as Springboks beat favourites England, 32-12 for their 3rd title
  • 2019 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Santa Anita Racetrack; Day 2 winners: Covfefe, Belvoir Bay, Spun to Run, Iridessa, Mitole, Uni, Blue Prize, Bricks and Mortar, Vino Rosso

Film & TV History

2020 Johnny Depp loses libel case against UK newspaper "The Sun", which called him a "wife-beater", said he assaulted wife Amber Heard

  • 2020 Gunmen storm Kabul University, Afghanistan, shooting at least 22 dead with Islamic State group claiming responsibility
  • 2020 Baby Shark by Pinkfong becomes the most-watched video on YouTube with over 7.04 billion views
  • 2021 Baseball World Series: Atlanta Braves win 4th title in franchise history; beat Houston Astros, 7-0 in Game 6 at Minute Maid Park, Houston for 4-2 series victory; MVP: Braves outfielder Jorge Soler