Historical Events on November 20

Events 1 - 200 of 214

Event of interestEvent of Interest

284 Roman soldier Diocletian proclaimed Emperor by the army

Roman Emperor Diocletian
Roman Emperor
  • 762 Bögü, Khan of the Uyghurs, conquers Lo-Yang, capital of the Chinese Empire
  • 1168 Giovanni di Struma elected anti-Pope
  • 1194 Palermo, Sicily, is conquered by Emperor Henry VI
  • 1272 Edward I proclaimed King of England
  • 1342 Pope Clemens VI names John IV of Arkel as bishop of Utrecht
  • 1347 Cola di Rienzo, later Roman Tribunal, addressess a meeting of on the Capitol during people's revolt in Rome
  • 1407 A truce between John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed under the auspices of John, Duke of Berry. Orléans would be assassinated three days later by Burgundy.
  • 1431 First meeting of Order of the Golden Fleece
  • 1520 Friesland hit by heavy hail storm
  • 1521 Arabs attribute shortage of water in Jerusalem to Jews making wine
  • 1583 Duke of Parma conquers Aalst
  • 1616 Bishop Richelieu becomes French minister of Foreign affairs/War
  • 1637 Peter Minuit & 1st Swedish immigrants to Delaware sail from Sweden
  • 1695 Zumbi last leaders of Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil and ex-slave, is executed
  • 1719 Sweden & Hannover sign peace Treaty of Stockholm

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1755 English minister William Pitt the Elder resigns

British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner) William Pitt the Elder
British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner)
William Pitt the Elder
  • 1759 -22] Battle in Bay of Quiberon, British beat French
  • 1789 New Jersey is 1st state to ratify Bill of Rights
  • 1795 Curacao government forbids slave work on Sunday

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1805 Ludwig van Beethoven's "Fidelio", his only opera, premieres in Vienna

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1815 2nd Treaty of Paris: France & her allies agree France pay indemnities after Battle of Waterloo, ending Napoleonic Wars

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1815 Russia, Prussia, Austria and England signs Alliance "for the maintenance of peace in Europe" same day as Treaty of Paris
  • 1817 First Seminole War begins in Florida
  • 1829 Jews expelled from Nikolayev & Sevastopol Russia
  • 1852 Charles Reade/Tom Taylor's "Masks & Faces" premieres in London
  • 1861 Secession ordinance is filed by Kentucky's Confederate government.
  • 1862 Confederate armies of Mississippi and Kentucky merge as Army of Tennessee, under General Braxton Bragg
  • 1866 First national convention of Grand Army of Republic (veterans' org)
  • 1866 Howard University founded (Washington, D.C.)
  • 1866 Pierre Lallement patents rotary crank bicycle
  • 1888 Willard Bundy patents timecard clock
  • 1889 Gustav Mahler's 1st Symphony
  • 1890 Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Slavery in the Missions"
  • 1894 US intervenes in Bluefields, Nicaragua
  • 1901 Opera "Grisélidis" is produced (Paris)
  • 1902 Geo Lefevre and Henri Desgrange create Tour de France bicycle race

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 George Bernard Shaw's "Doctor's Dilemma" premieres in London

  • 1909 Jack Williams of Ottawa Rough Riders kicks 9 singles in a game
  • 1910 Revolution broke out in Mexico, led by Francisco I Madero
  • 1911 Gustav Mahler's "Das Lied von der Erde" (Song of the Earth) premieres in Munich

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 The funeral of Paul and Laura Lafargue (daughter of Karl Marx) in Paris is attended by Lenin; the two socialists died in a suicide pact in the belief that their political usefulness was at an end

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1914 US State Department starts requiring photographs for passports
  • 1915 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Hamilton Tigers win 2nd title; beat Toronto Rowing Association, 13-7
  • 1917 1st successful tank use in battle, at the Battle of Cambrai in World War I as Britain uses the new technology to break through German lines
  • 1917 Ukrainian Republic declared
  • 1919 1st municipally owned airport in US opens (Tucson Az)
  • 1922 Zoe Akins' "Texas Nightingale" premieres in NYC
  • 1923 Garrett Morgan patents his traffic signal design, an important development in automobile safety
  • 1923 Rentenmark replaces the Papiermark as the official currency of Germany at the exchange rate of one Rentenmark to One Trillion (One Billion on the long scale) Papiermark
  • 1928 Boston Gardens opens, Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 1-0
  • 1928 WGH-AM in Newport News VA begins radio transmissions
  • 1929 First broadcast of "Goldbergs" on US radio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Salvador Dali's first one-man show

Painter Salvador Dali
Salvador Dali
  • 1931 Commercial teletype service begins (AT&T)
  • 1932 Earthquake at Uden Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Eiji Sawamura, 17, gives up 1 hit, Lou Gehrig's HR, US beats Japan 1-0

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig
  • 1934 Lillian Hellman's "Children's Hour" premieres in NYC
  • 1934 New Belgian government of Theunis, Francqui & Gutt (3 bankers)
  • 1934 Toronto Maple Leaf Harvey Jackson is 1st to score 4 goals in a period
  • 1936 Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange is killed by a republican execution squad
  • 1938 1st documented anti-semitic remarks over US radio (by Father Coughlin)
  • 1940 World War II: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis Powers
  • 1941 Adm Nomura & Kurusu hands over Japanese last diplomatic note
  • 1941 German "auxiliary cruiser" (armed merchant raider) Kormoran sinks near Australia
  • 1942 26th Soviet Armoured Corps recaptures Perelazovski
  • 1942 British 8th Army recaptures Benghazi, Libya
  • 1942 NHL abolishes regular season OT until WW II is over
  • 1943 U-538 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • 1943 US forces land on Tarawa & Makin Atoll in Gilbert Island
  • 1944 1st Japanese suicide submarine attack (Ulithi Atol, Carolines)
  • 1944 Amsterdam: Vondelpark closed because of kappen of trees
  • 1944 Prince Bernhard establishes staff in Breda
  • 1945 24 Nazi leaders put on trial at Nuremberg, Germany

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1945 Dmitri Shostakovich's 9th Symphony under J Mravinski premieres

  • 1945 Queen Wilhelmina opens Dutch parliament in Hague
  • 1946 Lillian Hellman's "Another Part of the Forest" premieres in NYC
  • 1947 1st permanent TV installed on seagoing vessel (New Jersey)
  • 1947 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Mediator Dei
  • 1947 UN General assembly begins debate on printing their own stamps
  • 1948 US balloon reaches height of 42.7 km (record)
  • 1949 Jewish population of Israel reaches 1,000,000
  • 1951 Snowdonia becomes a British National Park
  • 1952 Cubs slugger Hank Sauer wins NL MVP
  • 1952 George Axelrod's "Seven Year Itch" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Slánský trials begin - a series of Stalinist and anti-Semitic show trials in Czechoslovakia.

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1953 Scott Crossfield in Douglas Skyrocket, 1st to break Mach 2 (1,300 MPH)
  • 1954 KTRK TV channel 13 in Houston, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 Kripal Singh scores 100 on Test Cricket debut, India v NZ
  • 1955 Polly Umrigar scores India's 1st Test Cricket double century, 223 v NZ
  • 1957 Morton Wishengrad's "Rope Dancers" premieres in NYC
  • 1959 UN adopts Universal Declaration of Children's Rights
  • 1959 WABC fires Alan Freed over payola scandal
  • 1960 Australian driver Jack Brabham finishes 4th in season-ending US Grand Prix at Riverside Raceway to retain his World Championship of Drivers title by 9 points from Bruce McLaren of New Zealand
  • 1961 WPLG TV channel 10 in Miami, FL (ABC) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Mickey Mantle wins AL MVP for the 3rd time

Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle
  • 1962 USSR agrees to remove bombers from Cuba, & US lifts blockade
  • 1964 Dmitri Shostakovich's 9th/10th String Quartet premieres in Moscow
  • 1965 "Pickwick" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 56 performances
  • 1965 UN Security council calls for boycott of Rhodesia
  • 1965 WCNY TV channel 24 in Syracuse, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1966 "Cabaret" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 1166 performances
  • 1966 Dallas sacks Pittsburgh QBs an NFL record 12 times
  • 1966 Men in Zurich vote against female suffrage
  • 1967 At 11 AM, Census Clock at Department of Commerce ticks past 200 million
  • 1967 Mets pitcher Tom Seaver (16-12) is named NL Rookie of Year
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Music awardsMusic Awards

1968 2nd Country Music Association Award: Glen Campbell and Tammy Wynette win

Country singer Tammy Wynette
Country singer
Tammy Wynette
Actor and Country Singer Glen Campbell
Actor and Country Singer
Glen Campbell
  • 1969 Alcatraz Island off SF, is seized by militant Native Americans
  • 1969 Gundappa Viswanath scores 137 on Test Cricket debut v Australia Kanpur

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Brazilian soccer icon Pele scores his 1,000th goal

Brazilian Football Legend Pele
Brazilian Football Legend

  • 1969 SF Giant Willie McCovey edges Tom Seaver as NL MVP
  • 1970 UN General Assembly accepts membership of People's Republic of China
  • 1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 21st NASCAR Sprint Cup: Richard Petty wins
  • 1972 2 British soldiers are killed in a booby trap bomb in Cullyhanna, County Armagh
  • 1974 Rangers' Jeff Burroughs wins AL MVP
  • 1974 The US files antitrust suit to break-up AT&T

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Ronald Reagan announces candidacy for Republican nomination for US President

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 George Harrison appears on "Saturday Night Live"

Singer-Songwriter George Harrison
George Harrison
Television Producer Lorne Michaels
Television Producer
Lorne Michaels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the 1st Arab leader to address Israeli Knesset

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1977 Steve Largent begins NFL streak of 177 consecutive game receptions

Sports record brokenNFL Record

1977 Walter Payton (Bears) rushes for NFL record 275 yards

NFL Running Back Walter Payton
NFL Running Back
Walter Payton
  • 1977 27th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Cale Yarborough wins
  • 1979 Sji'ieten occupies great mosque of Mecca, 100s killed
  • 1979 US's 1st artificial blood transfusion occurs at University of Minnesota Hospital
  • 1980 Steve Ptacek in Solar Challenger makes 1st solar-powered flight
  • 1980 United Artists withdraws $44 million movie "Heaven's Gate" for re-editing
  • 1980 United Nations Gulf War mediator Olof Palme makes first unsuccessful peace shuttle between Tehran and Baghdad
  • 1981 Russian Anatoly Karpov retains world chess championship
  • 1981 Burundi adopts its constitution
  • 1981 El Salvador guerrilla group FMLN opens "limited offensive"

Music releaseAlbum Release

1981 Ringo Starr releases "Stop & Smell Roses" album

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 Drew Barrymore at age 7 hosts "Saturday Night Live"

Actress Drew Barrymore
Drew Barrymore
Television Producer Lorne Michaels
Television Producer
Lorne Michaels
  • 1983 "Marilyn: An American Fable" opens at Minskoff NYC for 16 performances
  • 1983 100 million watch ABC TV movie "The Day After" about nuclear war
  • 1983 Cleveland Browns shutout Patriots 30-0
  • 1983 NY Giants Butch Woolfolk ties NFL record of 43 attempts rushing

Film release premierFilm Premier

1983 "Terms of Endearment" from the book by Larry McMurtry, directed by James L. Brooks and starring Shirley MacLaine and Debra Winger premieres in New York (Best Picture 1984)

  • 1983 33rd NASCAR Sprint Cup: Bobby Allison wins
  • 1984 McDonald's makes its 50 billionth hamburger
  • 1984 Mets pitcher Dwight Gooden wins NL Rookie of Year
  • 1984 SETI Institute (Search for ExtraTerrestrial Intelligence) is founded.
  • 1985 NY Yankee Don Mattingly easily wins AL MVP
  • 1985 Microsoft Windows 1.0 is released
  • 1986 Afghanistan President Babrak Karmal flees
  • 1986 World Health Organization announces first global effort to combat AIDS
  • 1988 Boston College beats Army 38-24 in the 'Emerald isle Classic' at Dublin's Lansdowne Road Stadium, the first NCAA American Football game to be played in Europe
  • 1988 "Les Miserables" opens a Bus & Truck tour in Tampa
  • 1988 38th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Bill Elliott wins
  • 1988 Argentine tennis star Gabriela Sabatini beats Pam Shriver 7–5, 6–2, 6–2 to win her first WTA Tour Championship at Madison Square Garden, NYC

  • 1989 Milwaukee Brewers center fielder Robin Yount wins AL MVP

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Oakland's Rickey Henderson wins AL MVP

MLB Outfielder Rickey Henderson
MLB Outfielder
Rickey Henderson
  • 1990 Sacramento Kings last NBA win on the road for over a year

ReplacementLeadership Contest

1990 British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher fails to defeat Michael Heseltine's bid for leadership of the Conservative Party

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher
  • 1990 US 68th manned space mission STS 38 (Atlantis 7) returns from space

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Saddam Hussein announces plans to release German hostages

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein
  • 1990 Soviet Union shows reluctance to endorse the use of force against Iraq
  • 1991 Atlanta Braves Terry Pendleton wins NL MVP
  • 1992 Queen Elizabeth's home Windsor Castle catches fire
  • 1992 Home crowd favourite Boris Becker claims his 2nd ATP Tour World Championship tennis title beating American Jim Courier 6–4, 6–3, 7–5 in the final in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1993 Jakovlev-42 crashes into mountain at Ohrid Macedonia, 116 killed
  • 1993 Sam's Town Bowling Invitational won by Robin Romeo

MurderMurder of Interest

1993 Winnie Mandela's driver and bodyguard murdered in Johannesburg

Anti-Apartheid Activist and Politician Winnie Mandela
Anti-Apartheid Activist and Politician
Winnie Mandela
  • 1993 Savings and Loan scandal: The United States Senate Ethics Committee issues a stern censure of California senator Alan Cranston for his "dealings" with savings-and-loan executive Charles Keating.
  • 1994 "Flying Karamzov Brothers..." opens at Helen Hayes NYC for 50 performances
  • 1994 "Shadow Box" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 49 performances
  • 1994 Kosmos 2294/2295/2296 launches
  • 1994 Angolan government and UNITA rebels sign the Lusaka Protocol in Zambia, ending 19 years of civil war
  • 1994 Unseeded Argentine tennis star Gabriela Sabatini claims WTA Tour Championship with a 6-3, 6-2, 6-4 win over American Lindsay Davenport at Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • 1994 American tennis star Pete Sampras beats Boris Becker 4–6, 6–3, 7–5, 6–4 to win his second ATP Tour World Championship title in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1995 "Beatles' Anthology, Vol 1" released
  • 1995 "Racing Demon" opens at Vivian Beaumont Theater NYC for 48 performances
  • 1995 FDA approves new therapy for use as an initial AIDS treatment, 3TC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 Princess Diana admits she cheated on Prince Charles in a TV interview

Princess of Wales Diana Spencer
Princess of Wales
Diana Spencer
Prince of Wales Prince Charles
Prince of Wales
Prince Charles
  • 1995 STS 74 (Atlantis 15), lands
  • 1997 "Ivanov" opens at Vivian Beaumont Theater NYC for 51 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1997 Flyers Eric Lindros tries to bite San Jose defenseman Marty McSorley

NHL Star Eric Lindros
NHL Star
Eric Lindros
  • 1997 Last original Florida Marlin, Jeff Conine, traded to KC Royals
  • 1997 Mavericks' A C Green sets NBA record of 907 consecutive games played
  • 1997 NY Islanders lose, beginning a 10 game losing streak
  • 1997 Yohannes Haile-Selassie discovers the partial skull of a 2.5 million year old human ancestor, confirming and establishing the new species Australopithecus garhi, in Bouri, Middle Awash, Ethiopia
  • 1997 Iraq's Revolution Command Council formally endorses an agreement, arranged by Russia, that enables UN weapons inspection teams to resume operations in Iraq

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 Court in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden "a man without a sin" in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania

Islamic Militant and Terrorist Osama bin Laden
Islamic Militant and Terrorist
Osama bin Laden
  • 1998 First module of the International Space Station, Zarya, is launched
  • 2000 52nd NASCAR Sprint Cup: Bobby Labonte wins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2001 US President George W. Bush dedicates the US Department of Justice headquarters the Robert F. Kennedy Justice Building, on what would have been his 76th birthday

US Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy
US Attorney General
Robert F. Kennedy
43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush

Music releaseAlbum Release

2001 Josh Groban releases his debut album "Josh Groban"

Singer Josh Groban
Josh Groban

Film release premierFilm Release

2002 "Die Another Day", 20th James Bond film released, directed by Lee Tamahori, starring Pierce Brosnan and Halle Berry

  • 2003 After the November 15 bombings, a second day of the 2003 Istanbul Bombings occurs in Istanbul, Turkey, destroying the Turkish head office of HSBC Bank AS and the British consulate.
  • 2005 57th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Tony Stewart wins
  • 2005 David Nalbandian of Argentina outlasts defending champion Roger Federer 6–7, 6–7, 6–2, 6–1, 7–6 in Shanghai, China to win his only career season-ending Tennis Masters Cup title

AgreementContract of Interest

2006 Moises Alou signs a one year-contract with the New York Mets worth $7.5 million

MLB Outfielder Moises Alou
MLB Outfielder
Moises Alou
  • 2006 58th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Jimmie Johnson wins
  • 2008 After critical failures in the US financial system began to build up after mid-September, the Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level since 1997.
  • 2009 The Mexican government declares its economy technically out of recession after 2.93% GDP growth in the third quarter of 2009; Mexico had been in a severe economic crisis for over a year prior to its economic rebound

Music awardsMusic Awards

2011 38th American Music Awards: Adele, Bruno Mars & Taylor Swift win

Singer-songwriter Adele
Singer-songwriter Taylor Swift
Taylor Swift
Singer Bruno Mars
Bruno Mars
  • 2012 Toshiba unveils a robot designed to help in nuclear disasters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2013 Ben Bradlee is presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama at a White House ceremony

Journalist Ben Bradlee
Ben Bradlee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2013 US President Barack Obama posthumously awards civil rights activist Bayard Rustin the Presidential Medal of Freedom

Civil Rights Activist Bayard Rustin
Civil Rights Activist
Bayard Rustin
44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama