On This Day

Historical Events on November 21

  • 164 BC During Maccabbean revolt Judas Maccabaeus recaptures Jersusalem and rededicates the Second Temple, commemorated since as Jewish festival Hanukkah
  • 235 St Anterus begins his reign as Catholic Pope, will only rule for 40 days
  • 695 Pope Sergius names Willibrord as Archbishop Clemens of Friezen
  • 1272 Following Henry III of England's death on November 16, his son Prince Edward becomes King of England.
  • 1317 Frederik of Sierck/Zyrick becomes bishop of Utrecht
  • 1654 Richard Johnson, a free black, granted 550 acres in Virginia
  • 1696 J Vanbrughe's "Relapse or Virtue in Danger" premieres in London
  • 1729 Netherlands signs Treaty of Seville
  • 1759 Battle at Maxen: Prussian army surrenders to Austrians
  • 1783 Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and Marquis d'Arlandes make 1st manned free balloon flight in a Montgolfier balloon

Historic Event

1787 Andrew Jackson admitted to the bar

  • 1789 North Carolina ratifies constitution, becomes 12th US state
  • 1794 Honolulu Harbor discovered

Historic Event

1806 Decree of Berlin: Emperor Napoleon I bans all trade with Britain

  • 1813 Stettin surrenders to allied armies
  • 1817 US soldiers attack Miccosukee Tribe village of Fowltown, Georgia, beginning what becomes known as the First Seminole War
  • 1818 Russia's Tsar Alexander I petitions for a Jewish state in Palestine
  • 1824 First Jewish Reform congregation forms, Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1834 HMS Beagle anchors at Bay of San Carlos, Chile
  • 1837 Thomas Morris of Australia skips rope 22,806 times
  • 1847 Steamer "Phoenix" is lost on Lake Michigan, kills 200
  • 1848 Alfred de Musset's "Andre del Sarto" premieres in Paris
  • 1848 Cincinnati Turngemeinde founded
  • 1849 Friedrich Hebbel's "Der Rubin" premieres in Vienna
  • 1852 Duke University founded in 1838 as Union Institute, chartered as Normal College
  • 1864 -22] Battle at Griswoldville, Georgia
  • 1865 Shaw University forms in Raleigh NC
  • 1871 Moses F Gale patents a cigar lighter (NYC)
  • 1876 Skirmish between HM Stanley's expedition & natives
  • 1880 Henry Stanley and Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza quarrel about possession of Congo

Music Premiere

1901 Richard Strauss' opera "Feuersnot" premieres in Dresden

  • 1902 1st night football game, Philadelphia Athletics beats Kanaweola AC, 39-0
  • 1902 Baseball's Philadelphia Athletics & Phillies form pro football teams, joining Pitts Stars in 1st attempt at a National Football League
  • 1902 The Canadian government appoints a commission to consider revising, classifying, and consolidating the many public statutes passed over the years
  • 1905 1st match ever played in the Australian National Tennis Championships
  • 1906 China prohibits the opium trade
  • 1914 Billy Mallett of Hamilton Tigers kicks 9 singles in a game
  • 1914 British army conquers Bazra
  • 1916 HMHS Britannic sinks in the Aegean Sea after a mine explodes, killing 30 people
  • 1918 2 German ammunition trains explode in Hamont Belgium, 1,750 die
  • 1918 Polish soldiers organize a pogrom against Jews of Galicia, Poland
  • 1918 The German High Seas Fleet of 5 battlecruisers, 9 battleships, 7 cruisers and 49 destroyers surrendered to the British Grand Fleet and were shepherded into the Firth of Forth
  • 1920 Karel Čapek's "Vec Makropulos" premieres in Prague

Historic Event

1920 Mussolini's squad begins terror, 11 die in Bologna, Italy

Film Release

1920 Silent film "The Last of the Mohicans" released, adapted from James Fenimore Cooper's novel, starring Wallace Beery, Barbara Bedford

  • 1921 The trial of the accused of the Bulhoek Massacre commences in South Africa
  • 1922 Rebecca L Felton (Ga) sworn in as first female US Senator

Contract of Interest

1924 British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin cancels Labour contract with USSR

Sports History

1925 Red Grange plays final Univ of Illinois game, signs with Chicago Bears

Film Release

1931 Horror film "Frankenstein" is released, starring Boris Karloff as the monster, directed by James Whale and based on Mary Shelley's 1818 novel "Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus"

  • 1933 1st US ambassador to USSR, W.C. Bullitt, begins service
  • 1934 "Uiver" returns from Schiphol in London-Melbourne air race

Sports History

1934 NY Yankees buy Joe DiMaggio from SF Seals (Pacific Coast League)

Music Premiere

1934 Cole Porter's musical "Anything Goes" opens at the Alvin Theatre, NYC, later transferred to 46th Street Theatre; runs for 420 performances

  • 1935 Jean Giraudoux' "La Guerre de Troie n'Aura" premieres in Paris

Music Premiere

1937 Dmitri Shostakovich's 5th Symphony premieres in Lenningrad, with the ovation lasting over an hour

  • 1938 -24] Belgian king Leopold III visits Netherlands
  • 1938 Nazi forces occupy western Czechoslovakia and declare inhabitants to be German citizens
  • 1940 Nazi occupiers forbid building schools in Netherlands
  • 1941 German troops occupy Rostov-on-Don, Southern Russia

Appointment of Interest

1942 Adolf Hitler names field marshal Erich von Manstein commander of the newly-created Army Group Don (Heeresgruppe Don)

  • 1943 7 Belgian ministers in London criticise King Leopold III for surrendering to Germany
  • 1944 Personnel & executive staff of Philips demonstrate for more food

Music History

1945 Benjamin Britten's 2nd String quartet in C premieres

  • 1945 General Motors workers go on strike
  • 1946 Georgi Dimitrov elected premier of Bulgaria
  • 1946 Harry Truman becomes 1st US President to travel in a submerged sub

Film Release

1946 "The Best Years of Our Lives", film directed by William Wyler, based on MacKinlay Kantor's novella Glory for Me, starring Myrna Loy and Fredric March, is released (Academy Awards Best Picture 1947)

Sports History

1947 Bill Longson beats Lou Thesz in St Louis, to win National Wrestlingg Association world heavyweight title

Sports History

1949 Bill Veeck sells Cleveland Indians for $22 million, to fund his divorce settlement

  • 1952 1st US postage stamp in 2 colors (rotary process) introduced
  • 1952 Dodgers pitcher Joe Black wins NL Rookie of Year
  • 1953 WKJG TV channel 33 in Ft Wayne, IN (NBC) begins broadcasting

Bare Bones of the Great Ape-Man Hoax

1953 Authorities at the British Natural History Museum announce the "Piltdown Man" skull, one of the most famous fossil skulls in the world, is a hoax

  • 1955 Argentina asks Panama for return of ex-president Peron
  • 1955 KTVO TV channel 3 in Ottumwa-Kirksville, IA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Don Newcombe wins NL MVP & 1st-ever Cy Young Award

Music History

1959 Jack Benny (violin) & Richard Nixon (piano) play their famed duet

Sports History

1960 Bob Scheffing signs to manage Tigers after Casey Stengel turns it down

  • 1962 The Chinese People's Liberation Army declares a unilateral cease-fire in the Sino-Indian War.

Historic Event

1963 US President John F. Kennedy flies to Texas (assassinated the next day)

  • 1964 "Something More!" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC after 15 performances
  • 1964 "Zizi" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 49 performances

Historic Event

1964 Pope Paul VI signs 3rd sitting of 2nd Vatican council

  • 1964 Verrazano-Narrows suspension bridge opens in New York City, then the world's longest
  • 1965 1st freighter arrives in Ashdod Port, Israel
  • 1965 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk, USSR
  • 1966 Dutch government of Zijlstra forms
  • 1967 Phillip & Jay Kunz fly a kite a record 28,000 feet

Historic Event

1967 Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland tells news reporters: "I am absolutely certain that whereas in 1965 the enemy was winning, today he is certainly losing."

  • 1968 Cin trades shortstop Leo Cardenas to Twins for pitcher Jim Merritt

Music History

1968 The Supremes & The Temptations release "I'm Gonna Make You Love Me"

  • 1969 KXIX (now KVCT) TV channel 19 in Victoria, TX (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • 1969 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Coup d'état

1970 General Hafez al-Assad becomes Prime Minister of Syria following military coup

  • 1970 NY Knicks 1st game against Cleve Cavalier, Knicks win 102-94 at Madison Square Garden
  • 1970 17th National Film Awards (India): "Bhuvan Shome" wins the Golden Lotus
  • 1971 NY Rangers scores a NHL record 8 goals in 1 period
  • 1971 Richard Baker becomes teacher of San Francisco Zen Center
  • 1971 Battle of Garibpur: Indian troops aided by the Mukti Bahini, Bengali guerrillas, defeat the army of Pakistan
  • 1972 Red Sox Carlton Fisk wins AL Rookie of Year, Mets Jon Matlack wins NL

Sports History

1973 Pete Rose (Cincinnati Reds) wins MLB's NL MVP

  • 1973 US President Richard Nixon's attorney, J Fred Buzhardt, reveals presence of 18½ minute gap in a White House tape recording related to Watergate
  • 1974 Freedom of Information Act passed by Congress over President Ford's veto
  • 1974 Birmingham pub bombings: 21 civilians killed when bombs explode at two pubs in Birmingham, England (deadliest attack in England during "the Troubles")

Music History

1975 Linda McCartney drug charges in US are dropped

Film Premier

1976 "Rocky" directed by John G. Avildsen and starring Sylvester Stallone premieres in New York (Best Picture 1977)

Sports History

1977 Orioles 1st baseman Eddie Murray wins AL Rookie of Year

  • 1977 "All 'N All" 8th studio album by Earth, Wind & Fire is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1978)
  • 1978 Bob Horner of Braves wins NL Rookie of Year Award
  • 1979 Crowd at Islamabad, Pakistan attack US embassy, 1 dies
  • 1980 TV show "Dallas" episode "Who Done It" reveals 'Who Shot J.R.?', gets a then record 53.3 rating (over 83 million viewers, 76% of television watchers) in the US
  • 1980 Fire at MGM Grand Hotel in Las Vegas kills 84
  • 1980 Gene Michael named 25th New York Yankees manager, replacing Dick Howser, who resigns

Famous Photo

1980 John Lennon and Yoko Ono pose nude for photographer Allan Tannenbaum

  • 1980 "Hi Infidelity" 9th studio album by REO Speedwagon is released
  • 1981 400,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against cruise missiles

#1 in the Charts

1981 Olivia Newton-John's "Physical" single goes #1 & stays for 10 weeks

Sports History

1982 32nd NASCAR Sprint Cup: Darrell Waltrip wins

  • 1983 "Doonesbury" opens at Biltmore Theater NYC for 104 performances
  • 1986 Central African Republic adopts constitution
  • 1986 Suriname army leader Desi Bouterse massacres Moiwana village
  • 1987 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Hollywood Park; winners: Epitome, Ferdinand, Miesque, Sacahuista, Success Express, Theatrica, Very Subtle

Historic Event

1989 Law banning smoking on most domestic flights signed by US President George H. W. Bush

  • 1989 TV cameras permitted in British House of Commons
  • 1990 Michael Milken is sentenced to 10 years for security law violations

Historic Event

1990 French President François Mitterrand voices support for a proposed UN resolution that would authorize the use of force in the Persian Gulf

  • 1991 Poetess Maria Elene Cruz Varela arrested in Cuba
  • 1992 Jan Karlsson swims world record 50m butterfly (23.80 sec)
  • 1992 Jani Sievinen swims world record 100m medley (53.78 sec)
  • 1992 Louise Karlsson swims world record 50m freestyle (31.19 sec)

Historic Event

1992 Oregon Senator Bob Packwood issues apology for unwelcome sexual advances

  • 1993 "Cinderella" closes at New York State Theater NYC after 14 performances
  • 1993 "Cyrano - The Musical" opens at Neil Simon Theater NYC for 137 performances
  • 1993 Neo-fascist MSI wins 36% of municipal elections in Rome

Sports History

1993 Top seeded German tennis player Steffi Graf wins WTA Tour Championship; beats Arantxa Sánchez Vicario of Spain 6–1, 6–4, 3–6, 6–1 at Madison Square Garden, NYC

Sports History

1993 German tennis star Michael Stich scores a 7–6, 2–6, 7–6, 6–2 win over American Pete Sampras to win his first and only ATP Tour World Championship title in Frankfurt, Germany

  • 1994 1st-class cricket debut of Andrew Symonds (Queensland v NSW, SCG)
  • 1995 Dow Jones closes above 5,000 for 1st time
  • 1995 Israel grants jailed US spy Jonathan Pollard citizenship
  • 1995 New double Beatle CD released with new song "Free as a Bird"

Album Release

1995 Columbia Records releases Bruce Springsteen's 11th studio album "The Ghost of Tom Joad"; wins Grammy Award for best Contemporary Folk Album

  • 1996 "Rehearsal" opens at Criterion Theater NYC
  • 1996 A propane explosion at the Humberto Vidal shoe store and office building in San Juan, Puerto Rico kills 33.

Sports History

1999 Repeat of previous year's final, but different result; American tennis star Lindsay Davenport beats Martina Hingis 6-4, 6-2 for the WTA Tour Championship at Madison Square Garden, NYC

  • 1999 Elian Gonzalez, Cuban boy at the center of a heated 2000 controversy involving the governments of Cuba and the United States, departs from Cuba with his mother
  • 1999 51st NASCAR Sprint Cup: Dale Jarrett wins
  • 2002 NATO invites Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members.
  • 2004 The second round of the Ukrainian presidential election is held, unleashing massive protests and controversy over the election's integrity.
  • 2004 Island of Dominica hit by the most destructive earthquake in its history. Damage concentrated in the north and the town of Portsmouth. Also felt in neighboring Guadeloupe, where one person is killed.
  • 2004 The Paris Club agrees to write off 80% (up to $100 billion) of Iraq's external debt.
  • 2004 CFL Grey Cup, Frank Clair Stadium, Ottawa: Toronto Argonauts defeat BC Lions, 27-19; first Grey Cup game played on next-generation FieldTurf surface
  • 2004 56th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Kurt Busch wins

Sports History

2004 Roger Federer of Switzerland wins back-to-back season-ending Tennis Masters Cup titles with a 6–3, 6–2 victory over Australian Leyton Hewitt in the final in Houston, Texas

  • 2006 Anti-Syrian Lebanese Minister and MP Pierre Gemayel is assassinated in suburban Beirut.

Music Awards

2006 33rd American Music Awards: Kelly Clarkson, Sean Paul & Rascal Flatts win

  • 2006 Daughtry release their debut album “Daughtry” (2007 Billboard Album of the Year, American Music Awards Favorite Pop-Rock Album 2007)

Album Release

2006 "Kingdom Come" 9th studio album by Jay-Z is released

  • 2012 An Israel and Hamas ceasefire is negotiated
  • 2012 Chelsea Manager Roberto Di Matteo is sacked and replaced by Rafael Benítez
  • 2013 31 people are killed by a truck bomb in northeaster Iraq
  • 2013 The Alabama parole board grants posthumous pardons to three members of the Scottsboro boys
  • 2013 54 people are killed after the roof of a supermarket collapses in Riga, Latvia

Music Single

2013 "Happy" single is released by Pharrell Williams (Billboard Song of the Year 2014, Grammy Award for Best Pop Solo Performance 2015)

  • 2016 India celebrates 50th anniversary of IR8, rice variety specially bred that saved much of Asia from famine

Robert Mugabe Ousted

2017 Robert Mugabe's resignation after 37 years in power is read out in Zimbabwe's parliaments during impeachment proceedings

  • 2017 CBS TV host Charlie Rose is fired after allegations of sexual harassment by eight women
  • 2017 Pixar animation head John Lasseter takes 6 month leave of absence amid sexual misconduct claims
  • 2017 Mt Agung on the Indonesian island of Bali begins erupting
  • 2018 RIBA’s best building in the world biennial international prize awarded to Canuanã school in Brazil
  • 2018 Former Guatemalan soldier Santos López Alonzo sentenced to 5,160 years for killing 171 people in Dos Erres during the civil war
  • 2019 WHO says Measles has killed more than 5,000 people in Democratic Republic of Congo in 2019, in world's largest and fastest-moving epidemic
  • 2019 22 killed in displacement camp in attack by Syrian government in Idlib province, Syria

Historic Event

2019 Elon Musk launches Tesla's electric Cybertruck with shatterproof windows that when demonstrated on stage shatter

  • 2019 44% of Americans work in low-wage jobs with medium annual wage of just $18,000, with most aged 25 - 54 according to analysis by Brookings Institution's Metropolitan Policy Program
  • 2019 First of a series of national strikes in Colombia against the government of President Iván Duque and proposed cuts to pensions
  • 2020 Texas National Guard mobilized to help El Paso County, deal with a morgue crisis as COVID-19 cases and deaths surge
  • 2021 Alexander Zverev of Germany captures his second ATP Finals men's tennis title defeating world #2 Daniil Medvedev 6-4, 6-4 in Turin