On This Day

Historical Events on November 22

  • 498 St Symmachus begins his reign as Pope replacing Anastasius II
  • 845 First King of all Brittany, Nominoe defeats Frankish King Charles the Bald at the Battle of Ballon, near Redon
  • 1220 Frederick II crowned Holy Roman Emperor in Rome by Pope Honorius III
  • 1346 Street fights in Utrecht, Hollandsgezinde Gunterlingen statements

Historic Event

1492 Pinta under Martín Alonso Pinzón separates from Christopher Columbus's fleet

Historic Event

1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama rounds Cape of Good Hope on way to first voyage from Europe to reach India

  • 1542 Spain delegates "New Laws" against slavery in America
  • 1573 The Brazilian city of Niterói is founded
  • 1574 Discovery of the Juan Fernández Islands off Chile.

Historic Event

1675 English king Charles II adjourns Parliament

  • 1683 Purcell's "Welcome to All the Pleasures" premieres in London
  • 1699 Treaty of Preobrasjensku Denmark, Russia, Saksen and Poland divide Sweden
  • 1707 Prince Johan Willem Friso sworn in as viceroy of Friesland
  • 1714 King Karel XII leaves Turkish captivity to return to Sweden
  • 1794 Strasbourg Alsace-Lorraine, prohibits circumcision and wearing of beards
  • 1809 Peregrine Williamson of Baltimore patents a steel pen

Election of Interest

1830 Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

  • 1831 Opera "Robert Le Diable" is produced (Paris)
  • 1842 Mount St Helens in Washington erupts
  • 1851 Opera "La Perle Du Brésil" is produced (Paris)
  • 1861 Battle of Fort McRee, Florida

Music History

1862 Opera "La Forza del Destino" by Giuseppe Verdi debuts at Bolshoi Theatre in St. Petersburg, Russia [Nov 10 O.S.]

  • 1864 American Civil War Battle at Griswoldville, Georgia, ends after 650 casualties
  • 1864 Union General O Howard orders plunderers be shot to death
  • 1872 Franz Grillparzer's "Die Judin von Toledo" premieres in Prague
  • 1884 T Thomas Fortune starts NY Freeman (NY Age) newspaper
  • 1886 Victoria Street Cable Tram route begins in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1898 Opera "Iris" premieres (Rome)
  • 1899 -23] Battle at Willow Grange, Natal (British vs Boer army)

Historic Event

1900 Paul Kruger, exiled President of the Boer Republic of South Africa, is given a popular welcome when he lands at Marseilles, France

  • 1905 British, Italian, Russian, French and Austro-Hungarian fleet attacks Lesbos
  • 1906 Peter Stolypin, Prime Minister of Russia, introduces agrarian reforms allowing peasants to withdraw from the communes and take their share of land for private ownership
  • 1908 1st US-Japanese baseball game Reach All-Americans defeat Waseda U, 5-0
  • 1910 Arthur Knight patents steel shaft golf clubs
  • 1914 Ypres, Belgium, burned by German bombing
  • 1914 Indian troops take Basra in Mesopotamia
  • 1918 Grand Duke Frederik II, the last Grand Duke of Baden, resigns
  • 1918 King Albert I's triumphant procession through Brussels

Historic Event

1918 Marshal Józef Piłsudski becomes 1st President (dictator) of Poland

  • 1918 Polish forces attack Jewish community of Lemberg (Lvov)
  • 1919 15,000 men are cremated at Domela Newenhouse, Amsterdam
  • 1919 Labor conference committee in US urges 8-hour work day and 48-hour week

Election of Interest

1922 British Labour party elects Ramsay MacDonald as leader

  • 1922 Library Ave in Bronx named
  • 1922 Wilhelm Cuno forms new German government

Historic Event

1923 Calvin Coolidge pardons WW I German spy Lothar Witzke, sentenced to death

  • 1924 Britain orders Egyptians out of Sudan
  • 1926 Imperial Conference ends, giving autonomy inside British Commonwealth
  • 1927 1st snowmobile patent granted to Carl Eliason (Sayner, Wisconsin)

Music Premiere

1927 George Gershwin and Ira Gershwin's musical "Funny Face", starring Fred Astaire and his sister Adele Astaire, opens at the new Alvin Theatre, NYC; runs 244 performances

  • 1927 Neil Simon Theater (Alvin) opens at 250 W 52nd St NYC
  • 1927 Belgian government of Henri Jaspar falls but is reformed the same day

Music History

1928 "Bolero" by Maurice Ravel first performed publicly (Paris)

  • 1930 1st Irish Sweepstake run
  • 1930 1st US football game broadcast to England (Harvard 13, Yale 0)

Historic Event

1930 Elijah Muhammad forms Nation of Islam in Detroit

  • 1931 1st performance of Ferde Grofé's "Grand Canyon Suite" given by Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra at Studebaker Theater, Chicago
  • 1932 Pump patented that computes quantity and price delivered
  • 1934 "Santa Claus Is Comin' to Town" 1st heard on Eddie Cantor's show
  • 1935 Flying boat "China Clipper" takes off from Alameda, California, carrying 100,000 pieces of mail on 1st trans-Pacific airmail flight

PGA Championship

1936 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Pinehurst CC: Denny Shute wins first of his consecutive PGA titles, defeating Jimmy Thomson, 3 & 2

Historic Siege

1939 Bugsy Siegel, Whitey Krakower, Frankie Carbo and Albert Tannenbaum kill Harry "Big Greenie" Greenberg outside his apartment after Greenberg had threatened to become a police informant

  • 1940 500 students in Delft demonstrate against Nazis
  • 1941 British cruiser Devonshire sinks German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis
  • 1941 NZ troops conquer Ft Capuzzo Libya
  • 1942 General-major Rodins 26th Pantser corp recaptures Ostrov

Historic Event

1942 Adolf Hitler orders Rommel's Africa Korps to fight to the last man

  • 1943 France officially recognises the independence of Lebanon, releasing the imprisoned Lebanese government
  • 1943 British RAF begins air bombing of Berlin, Germany
  • 1943 US troops land on Abemada, Gilbert Island in the South Pacific

Film Premier

1944 Film musical "Meet Me In St Louis", starring Judy Garland, and directed by Vincente Minnelli, premieres at Loew’s State Theater on Washington Avenue in St. Louis, Missouri

  • 1944 Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry occupies Hoven at Geilenkirchen
  • 1945 "Day Before Spring" opens at National Theater NYC for 167 performances
  • 1945 Cleveland Rams end Jim Benton gains 303 yards in 28-21 win over Detroit Lions; NFL single game rushing record - stands for 40+ years
  • 1950 7,021 see Fort Wayne Pistons edge Minneapolis Lakers, 19-18 at Minneapolis Auditorium; lowest ever NBA score of 37 combined points
  • 1950 79 die in a train crash in Richmond Hills, NY
  • 1952 As' Harry Byrd selected AL Rookie of Year
  • 1954 Humane Society (US) forms in Washington, D.C.
  • 1955 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Contract of Interest

1955 RCA Records make its best investment, paying $35,000 to Sun Records for Elvis Presley's contract

  • 1956 XVI Summer Olympic Games open in Melbourne, Australia; first to be staged in Southern Hemisphere and Oceania, as well as first to be held outside Europe and North America

Sports History

1956 Boston shooting guard Bill Sharman hits 10 free throws in Celtics 101-78 over Philadelphia Warriors at Philadelphia Civic Center; begins NBA FT streak of 55 games

Sports History

1957 Mickey Mantle wins AL MVP for the 2nd time

Music Concert

1957 Miles Davis Quintet debuts a jazz concert at Carnegie Hall, NYC

  • 1957 Simon & Garfunkel appear on "American Bandstand" as "Tom & Jerry"
  • 1959 American Football League (AFL) conducts its first draft in Minneapolis with the 8 clubs selecting their playing rosters for the inaugural 1960 season
  • 1960 French National Meeting decide to build own nuclear weapons

Sports History

1961 Frank Robinson, Cincinnati Reds outfielder, selected as NL MVP

NBA Record

1961 St. Louis Hawk Bob Pettit sets NBA record, hitting 19 of 19 free throws

Film & TV History

1961 Producers Albert Broccoli and Harry Saltzman announce expensive publicity campaign to make Sean Connery (James Bond) a star

  • 1962 7th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games open in Perth, Australia
  • 1963 The Beatles release their second album "With the Beatles" in UK

Historic Event

1963 Lyndon B. Johnson sworn in as the 36th US President after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy

Assassination of John F. Kennedy

1963 US President John F. Kennedy assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald while riding in an open-topped motorcade in Dallas, Texas

  • 1964 WITF TV channel 33 in Harrisburg-Hershey, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1965 Mitch Leigh, and Joe Darion's musical "Man of La Mancha", starring Richard Kiley opens at ANTA Washington Square Theater, NYC; runs for 2329 performances, wins 5 Tony Awards

Boxing Title Fight

1965 In his second title defence, Muhammad Ali scores 12th-round KO of Floyd Patterson at Las Vegas Convention Center to retain his world heavyweight boxing championship

Film & TV History

1965 "Miss Goodall and the Wild Chimpanzees" broadcast on CBS, watched by 25 million, brings Jane Goodall to international attention

  • 1966 32nd Heisman Trophy Award: Steve Spurrier, Florida (QB)
  • 1967 BBC unofficially bans "I Am the Walrus" by Beatles, due to the suggestive lyric “Boy, you've been a naughty girl you let your knickers down."
  • 1967 Silver hits record $2.17 an ounce in New York
  • 1967 UN Security council passes resolution 242; Israel must give back occupied land
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1968 1st interracial TV kiss (Star Trek - Captain Kirk and Uhura)
  • 1968 The Beatles release "The Beatles" (White Album), their only double album
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

1968 Terence O'Neill, then Northern Ireland Prime Minister, announced a package of reform measures granting concessions to the Catholic minority, in response to protest movement

  • 1969 Isolation of a single gene announced by scientists at Harvard University
  • 1970 20th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Bobby Isaac wins
  • 1971 "Only Fools Are Sad" opens at Edison Theater NYC for 144 performances
  • 1971 A member of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) is killed in a premature bomb explosion in Lurgan, County Armagh
  • 1972 Belgium government of Eyskens resigns
  • 1972 Philadelphia Flyers beat New York Islanders and start them on 15 game winless streak
  • 1972 In Pittsburgh, Penguins set NHL record for scoring fastest 5 goals (2:07) in 10-4 win over St. Louis Blues
  • 1972 US ends 22 year travel ban to China
  • 1973 Italian Fascist organization Ordine Nuovo disbands
  • 1974 Lake Buena Vista Club opens
  • 1974 Test Cricket debut of Gordon Greenidge and Viv Richards, at Bangalore
  • 1974 UN General Assembly recognizes Palestine right to sovereignty

Historic Event

1975 Juan Carlos I proclaimed King of Spain as monarchy restored after 31 years

  • 1975 Drummuckavall Ambush: 3 British Army soldiers are killed and one captured when the Provisional Irish Republican Army attack a watchtower in South Armagh, North Ireland
  • 1976 Algeria Constitution goes into effect
  • 1976 Comic strip "Cathy" by Cathy Guisewite debuts
  • 1977 Regular Concorde passenger service between NY and Europe begins

Historic Event

1977 US President Jimmy Carter presents engineer Peter Goldmark with the National Medal of Science for his work communication and entertainment technology

  • 1980 Georgia tanker at Pilottown Louisiana, spills 1.3 million gallons of oil after an anchor chain causes a ship to leak
  • 1981 "Marlowe" closes at Rialto Theater NYC after 48 performances
  • 1981 CFL Grey Cup, Olympic Stadium, Montreal: Edmonton Eskimos 4th consecutive Championship; beat Ottawa Rough Riders, 26-23; final Grey Cup game for Rough Riders, fold in 1996
  • 1981 Browns' QB Brian Sipe sets club record by being intercepted 6 times
  • 1981 SD Charger Dan Fouts passes for 6 touchdowns vs Oakland (55-21)
  • 1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Sports History

1981 31st NASCAR Sprint Cup: Darrell Waltrip wins

  • 1982 Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly AFB, Texas

Film & TV History

1984 Fred Rogers of PBS "Mr Rogers Neighborhood" presents a sweater to Smithsonian Institution

  • 1985 Columbia moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) for mating of STS 61-C
  • 1985 Largest swearing-in ceremony, 38,648 immigrants become US citizens
  • 1985 PNP/MAN win Antilian parliamentary election

Boxing Title Fight

1986 20 year old Mike Tyson becomes youngest heavyweight champion in boxing history when he stops titleholder Trevor Berbick in round 2 at Las Vegas Hilton to earn the WBC title

Sports History

1986 Edmonton Oiler Wayne Gretzky becomes the 13th NHLer to score 500 goals

  • 1987 Patriots shutout Indianapolis 24-0
  • 1987 Jack Sikma (Milwaukee) ends his NBA free throw streak of 51 games
  • 1987 Two Chicago television stations are hijacked by an unknown pirate dressed as Max Headroom.

Sports History

1987 37th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Dale Earnhardt wins

  • 1989 Aneta Kreglicka of Poland, 24, crowned 39th Miss World
  • 1989 Conjunction of Venus, Mars, Uranus, Neptune, Saturn, and the Moon

Contract of Interest

1989 MLB center fielder Kirby Puckett signs record $3,000,000 per year contract with Minnesota Twins

  • 1989 US 63rd manned space mission STS 33 (Discovery 9) launches into orbit
  • 1989 Eastern Airlines pilots and flight attendants end their strike, but most are not rehired

Historic Event

1990 George H. W. Bush visits US troops in Saudi Arabia

Historic Event

1990 Margaret Thatcher announces her resignation as British Prime Minister

  • 1990 Professor Amos Sawyer installed as interim President of Liberia

Sports History

1991 NY Knicks pay Patrick Ewing a record $18.8 million for 2 yr extension

Film Release

1991 "Phool Aur Kaante", the film debut of famous Indian actor Ajay Devgan, is released

  • 1992 Sandra Volker swims world record 50m backstroke (28.57 sec)

Historic Event

1992 Washington Post reports Oregon Senator Bob Packwood sexually harassed 10 women

Sports History

1992 Yugoslavian tennis star Monica Seles beats Martina Navratilova for the second consecutive year to win WTA Tour Championship 7–5, 6–3, 6–1 in NYC; her 3rd straight end of season title

Music History

1993 Neil Simon's comedy "Laughter on the 23rd Floor" opens at Richard Rodgers Theater, NYC; runs for 320 performances

  • 1995 Rosemary West found guilty in England of killing 10 women

Film Release

1995 "Toy Story", the first feature-length film created completely using computer-generated imagery, directed by John Lasseter and starring Tom Hanks and Tim Allen, is released

  • 1995 OPEC states that it will roll over its current oil production quota of 25.42 million barrels per day

Sports History

1996 O.J. Simpson takes stand as hostile witness in the wrongful death lawsuit filed against him, saying it is "absolutely not true"

  • 1998 CFL Grey Cup, Winnipeg Stadium: Calgary Stampeders defeat Hamilton Tiger-Cats, 26-24; future NFL 4-time Pro Bowl quarterback Jeff Garcia MVP
  • 1998 48th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Jeff Gordon wins

Sports History

1998 Swiss tennis star Martina Hingis beats American Lindsay Davenport 7–5, 6–4, 4–6, 6–2 in the WTA Tour Championship final at Madison Square Garden, NYC

  • 1999 Elian Gonzalez, Cuban boy at the center of a heated 2000 controversy involving the governments of Cuba and the United States, and his mother are sighted off of Florida's coast by U.S. Coast Guard

Music Single

1999 "How Do You Like Me Now?!" single released by Toby Keith (Billboard Song of the Year 2000)

Historic Event

1999 Fortune Magazine names General Electric CEO Jack Welch 'Manager of the Century"

  • 2002 In Nigeria, more than 100 people are killed at an attack aimed at the contestants of the Miss World contest

Historic Event

2003 In Tbilisi, Georgia, opponents of President Eduard Shevardnadze seize the parliament building and demand the president's resignation

  • 2003 5th Rugby World Cup Final, Stadium Australia, Sydney: Fly-half Jonny Wilkinson lands winning drop goal in extra time as England beats Australia, 20-17
  • 2004 The Orange Revolution begins in Ukraine, resulting from the presidential elections

Historic Event

2005 Angela Merkel becomes the first female Chancellor of Germany

  • 2008 YouTube hosts the largest ever live broadcast, YouTube Live

Sports History

2008 Patrick Roy's #33 jersey is retired by the Montreal Canadiens

  • 2008 13th Rugby League World Cup: New Zealand beats Australia 34-20

Historic Event

2009 President Hugo Chávez states that Venezuela is in recession as the economy contracted 4.5% in the third quarter

Album Release

2010 Def Jam Recordings and Roc-A-Fella Records release American rapper and producer Kanye West's 5th studio album, "My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy"

Album Release

2010 Trinidadian-born American rapper Nicki Minaj's debut album "Pink Friday" released

  • 2012 6 attacks across Pakistan kill 37 people and injure 92
  • 2012 2 people are killed and 120 injured after a 100-vehicle pile-up in dense fog in Texas

Sports History

2013 Norwegian, Magnus Carlsen defeats Viswanathan Anand to win the 2013 World Chess Championship

  • 2014 Tamir Rice, a 12-year-old boy, is shot dead by police in Cleveland, after brandishing what turned out to be a fake gun in a playground

Sports History

2014 Lionel Messi of FC Barcelona sets a new goal scoring record in La Liga of 253 goals

  • 2015 In Argentine elections Mauricio Macri (PRO) wins a narrow election victory over his left-wing opponent

Sports History

2015 Kyle Busch driving for Joe Gibbs Racing, wins Ford EcoBoost 400 at Homestead-Miami Speedway, Florida to claim his first NASCAR Sprint Cup Series

Sports History

2015 Serbian tennis star Novak Đoković makes it 4 straight season-ending ATP World Tour Finals tennis titles beating Roger Federer 6-3, 6-4 in the final in London, England

Historic Event

2016 US President Barack Obama posthumously awards the Presidential Medal of Freedom to pioneering computer scientist and Navy Admiral Grace Hopper

  • 2016 'Vegas Golden Knights' is revealed as the Las Vegas NHL expansion team's name

Historic Event

2017 Ratko Mladic the "Butcher of Bosnia" is convicted of genocide and other atrocities during the Bosnian war and jailed for life in The Hague

  • 2017 Uber admits hackers stole personal information affecting 57 million people worldwide and paid $100,00 to keep quiet
  • 2017 Vanellope Wilkins, born with her heart outside her body, is first UK baby to survive birth and operations to reinsert her heart

Murder of Interest

2017 Californian man Craig Coley pardoned for a double murder after serving 39 years by Governor Jerry Brown. Longest prison term to be overturned in the state.

  • 2018 Leaning Tower of Pisa's tilt reduced by 4 cm in 20 year project to stabilise it

Film & TV History

2019 Sacha Baron Cohen says if Facebook existed in the 1930s it would have run Hitler's ads on his "solution to the Jewish problem", in speech to Anti-Defamation League summit

Sports History

2020 24 year old Russian Daniil Medvedev wins ATP World Tour Finals tennis title beating Dominic Thiem of Austria 4-6, 7-6 (7-2), 6-4 in London

  • 2020 G20 virtual two-day summit ends with pledge to ensure affordable access to vaccines for all