On This Day

Historical Events on November 23

Historic Event

800 Charlemagne arrives in Rome to investigate the alleged crimes of Pope Leo III

  • 1165 Pope Alexander III returns from exile to Rome
  • 1227 Polish Prince Leszek I the White is assassinated at an assembly of Polish dukes at Gąsawa
  • 1248 Conquest of Seville by Christian troops under King Ferdinand III of Castile after the city capitulates
  • 1334 St Clemens Flood: Dike breaks at Flemish/Zeeuwse/Dutch coast

Execution

1499 Flemish pretender to the English throne Perkin Warbeck hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from Tower of London. Invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV

  • 1556 King Philip II confers with Dutch financial experts
  • 1577 Water Geuzen under Captain Slope enters Amsterdam
  • 1584 English parliament expels Jesuits

Historic Publication

1644 "Areopagitica", a pamphlet by John Milton decrying censorship, is published

Historic Event

1654 French mathematician, scientist, and religious philosopher Blaise Pascal experiences an intense, mystical vision that marks him for life.

  • 1700 Cardinal Francesco Albani elected Pope Clemens XI
  • 1705 Nicholas Rowe's play "Ulysses" premieres in London
  • 1765 People of Frederick County, Maryland, refuse to pay British Stamp tax
  • 1783 Annapolis, Maryland, becomes US capital (until June 1784)
  • 1832 French take Antwerp in liberation of Belgium

Music Premiere

1834 Hector Berlioz's symphony "Harold in Italy" premieres

  • 1835 Henry Burden patents horseshoe manufacturing machine (Troy, NY)
  • 1844 Independence of the Duke of Schleswig-Holstein from Denmark.
  • 1848 Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston
  • 1852 Just past midnight, a sharp jolt likely caused by heavy rains causes Lake Merced, California, to drop 30 feet (9m)
  • 1863 Battle of Chattanooga & Orchard Knob, Tennessee begins (results in Union victory 25 Nov)
  • 1863 Patent granted for a process of making color photographs
  • 1864 -25] Battle at Ball's Ferry, Georgia (30 casualties)
  • 1867 The Manchester Martyrs are hung at Salford Gaol, Manchester, England for shooting a police officer
  • 1868 Louis Ducos du Hauron patents trichrome color photo process
  • 1869 The clipper Cutty Sark is launched In Dumbarton, Scotland, one of the last clippers ever built and the only one still surviving
  • 1876 Columbia, Harvard & Princeton form Intercollegiate Football Association
  • 1885 Amsterdam police attack meeting of social-democrats united
  • 1887 Notre Dame loses its 1st football game 8-0 to Michigan
  • 1887 Opera "Trumpeter of Säckingen" 1st American production (NYC)
  • 1889 Debut of 1st jukebox (Palais Royale Saloon, San Francisco)
  • 1890 King William III of the Netherlands dies (b. 1817) without a male heir and a special law is passed to allow his daughter Princess Wilhelmina to inherit
  • 1890 General elections in Italy won by the Left group headed by Francesco Crispi
  • 1892 Battle of Lomani Congo: Belgian unit beats Arabs, 1000-3000 killed
  • 1892 Pierre de Coubertin launches plan for modern Olympic Games at the Union des Sociétés Françaises de Sports Athlétiques AGM
  • 1897 American inventor Andrew Jackson Beard invents the "jerry coupler" to connect railroad cars
  • 1897 Portable pencil sharpener patented by American inventor John Lee Love
  • 1899 Battle at Belmont: General Methuen's British brigades engage Boer force during Second Boer War

Music History

1903 Enrico Caruso makes his US debut at the Metropolitan Opera House, in New York in Verdi's "Rigoletto"

  • 1903 Colorado Governor James Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners' strike.

1st US Olympic Games

1904 III Summer (Modern) Olympic Games close in St Louis

  • 1905 Henry Watson Furness, an American physician from Indiana is named US minister to Haiti
  • 1909 7.17" (18.2 cm) of rainfall, Rattlesnake Creek, Idaho (state record)
  • 1909 Wright Brothers form million dollar corporation to manufacture airplanes
  • 1911 Post Hospital at Presidio, San Francisco, renamed Letterman General Hospital
  • 1912 Hamilton Alerts suspended by ORFU for refusing to field a full team in a replay of a protested game
  • 1913 Jim Larkin and James Connolly establish the Irish Citizens Army in order to protect strikers
  • 1914 The US Army withdraws from Mexico
  • 1915 On the Tigris River in Mesopotamia, the Battle of Ctesiphon between Allied and Turkish forces enters its second day

Historic Event

1921 US President Warren G. Harding signs Willis Campell Act (anti-beer bill) forbidding doctors prescribing beer or liquor for medicinal purposes

  • 1923 German army commander General Von Seeckt bans NSDAP & KPD

Historic Event

1923 Germany's Gustav Stresemann's government falls to the SPD

Film & TV History

1923 Cecil B. DeMille's first version of "The Ten Commandments" premieres in the USA

Music History

1926 Noël Coward's "This Was a Man" premieres in NYC

  • 1930 NY Giant Hap Moran runs 91 yards for a TD from a scrimmage
  • 1931 Nationally Crisis Committee forms in The Hague
  • 1934 An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lay well within Ethiopian territory. This leads to the Abyssinia Crisis.
  • 1936 1st issue of Life picture magazine created by Henry R. Luce published

Music Recording

1936 Legendary Delta blues musician Robert Johnson's first recording session with producer Don Law at the Gunter Hotel, San Antonio, Texas

  • 1937 Clifford Odets' play "Golden Boy" premieres on Broadway in NYC
  • 1937 Emile Janson becomes Belgian premier

Historic Event

1937 John Steinbeck's play "Of Mice & Men" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1939 Nazi Governor of Poland Hans Frank requires Jewish Poles above the age of 11 years to wear a blue Star of David

  • 1940 1st edition of illegal "The Truth" publishes
  • 1940 Romania signs Tripartite Pact
  • 1941 German troops conquer Klin, NW of Moscow
  • 1942 3rd & 5th Romanian army corps surrenders
  • 1942 US Coast Guard Woman's Auxiliary (SPARS) authorized
  • 1942 German 4th & 6th Army surrounded at Stalingrad
  • 1942 Japanese bombing of Port Darwin, Australia

Poon Lim's 133 Day South Atlantic Odyssey

1942 Chinese steward Poon Lim begins 133 days adrift after British ship SS Benlomond torpedoed by german U-boat and he is the sole survivor

  • 1942 Soviet 21st Army recaptures Kalatsj at Don
  • 1943 1st printing of illegal "Warheid"
  • 1943 British Forces Broadcasting Service begins operations
  • 1943 US forces take control of Tarawa, Gilbert Island & Makin from Japanese
  • 1943 Philadelphia Phillies owner William D. Cox is permanently banned from baseball for having bet on his own team

Victory in Battle

1944 US 7th army under General Alexander Patch conquers Straatsburg

  • 1945 Most US wartime rationing of foods, including meat & butter, ends
  • 1946 "Gypsy Lady" closes at Century Theater NYC after 79 performances
  • 1946 French Navy fire in Haiphong, Vietnam, kills 6,000
  • 1946 The Workers Party of South Korea is founded
  • 1947 French government of Schumann forms

Sports History

1947 Washington Redskins quarterback Sammy Baugh passes for 6 touchdowns vs. Chicago Cardinals (45-21)

  • 1948 Dr Frank G. Back (NYC) patents lens to provide zoom effects
  • 1950 Howard Swanson's "Short Symphony" premieres
  • 1953 KVFD (now KTIN) TV channel 21 in Ft Dodge, IA (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • 1953 WJBF TV channel 6 in Augusta, GA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 For the first time, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the peak it reached just before the 1929 crash
  • 1955 Britain transfers the Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the Indian Ocean to Australia
  • 1956 Vladimir Kuts of the Soviet Union runs Olympic record 28:45.6 to win the 10,000m at the Melbourne Olympics; later also wins 5,000m gold
  • 1959 "Fiorello!" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 796 performances
  • 1960 Dodgers outfielder Frank Howard is voted NL Rookie of Year
  • 1960 Tinseltown dedicated its Walk of Fame at Hollywood Blvd & Vine St
  • 1960 Tiros 2, a weather satellite is launched
  • 1962 LA Dodgers shortstop Maury Wills is named National League MVP
  • 1963 Debut of "Doctor Who" the long-running British sci-fi series
  • 1963 "Tambourines to Glory" closes at Little Theater NYC after 24 performances
  • 1963 Horatio Alger Society founded

Historic Event

1963 JFK's body lies in repose in the East Room of the White House

Historic Event

1963 LBJ proclaims Nov 25 a day of national mourning (for JFK)

  • 1964 "Bajour" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 232 performances
  • 1964 Beatles release single "I Feel Fine" & "She's a Woman"
  • 1965 31st Heisman Trophy Award: Mike Garrett, Southern Cal (RB)
  • 1965 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1966 Chicago outfielder Tommie Agee is voted AL Rookie of Year
  • 1968 Musical revue "Noël Coward's Sweet Potato" closes at Booth Theatre, NYC, after 44 performances
  • 1968 Milwaukee Bucks make their 1st NBA trade, giving Bob Love & Bob Weiss to Chicago Bulls for Flynn Robinson

Music Single

1970 George Harrison releases "My Sweet Lord" single in the US

  • 1970 KNCT TV channel 46 in Belton/Killeen, TX (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1970 Arthur Young resigns as Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC)

Album Release

1970 Cat Stevens releases his fourth studio album "Tea for the Tillerman"; featuring singles "Wild World and "Father and Son"

  • 1971 China People's Republic seated in UN Security Council
  • 1971 Danny Murtaugh, manager of MLB world champions Pittsburgh Pirates, announces his retirement
  • 1973 Arab summit conference adopts open and secret resolutions on the use of the oil weapons; embargo extended to Portugal, Rhodesia, and South Africa
  • 1974 60 Ethiopia government officials executed
  • 1974 Alexis Argüello of Nicaragua knocks out Mexican defending champion Rubén Olivares in the 13th round at the Forum in Inglewood, California, to claim the WBA world featherweight boxing title
  • 1975 CFL Grey Cup, McMahon Field, Calgary: Edmonton Eskimos defeat Montreal Alouettes, 9-8; just the 3rd Grey Cup in which no TDs scored; game-time temperature -15 degrees Celsius, with a 25-kph wind
  • 1975 Bob Thomas of Chicago Bears kicks 55-yard field goal
  • 1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1976 Apneist Jacques Mayol is the first man to reach a depth of 100m undersea without breathing equipment.
  • 1977 Revival of Andrew Lloyd Weber and Tim Rice's musical "Jesus Christ Superstar" opens at Longacre Theater, NYC; runs for 96 performances
  • 1977 European weather satellite Meteosat 1 launched from Cape Canaveral
  • 1980 4,800 die in series of earthquakes that devastated southern Italy
  • 1980 CFL Grey Cup, CNE Stadium, Toronto: Edmonton Eskimos 3rd straight title; outclass Hamilton Tiger-Cats, 48-10
  • 1980 National Black Independent Party forms

Historic Event

1981 President Reagan vetoes House Joint Resolution 357 which called for further appropriations for fiscal year 1982

  • 1982 Challenger moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida), for mating in preparation for STS-6
  • 1982 FCC drops limits on duration & frequency of TV ads
  • 1983 Soyuz T-9 lands
  • 1983 USSR leaves weapon disarmament talks
  • 1984 Limited-over international cricket debut for Wasim Akram for Pakistan, v New Zealand

Sports History

1984 Test Cricket debuts of Australians David Boon aged 23 & Bob Holland aged 38 (v WI)

  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1984 Boston College QB Doug Flutie passes (472 yards), including game ending 48 yard TD (Hail Mary Pass) to end game & beat Miami 47-45

Film Premier

1984 "A Christmas Carol" directed by Clive Donner starring George C. Scott premieres in the UK

  • 1985 58 die as Egyptian commandos storm hijack Egyptair jet in Malta
  • 1985 Retired CIA analyst Larry Wu-tai Chin, arrested of spying for China

Sports History

1986 Second WTA Tour Championship of the year; change of tennis schedule; Martina Navratilova wins 5th straight and 8th overall title with 7–6, 6–3, 6–2 win over Steffi Graf in NYC

Sports History

1987 German tennis star Steffi Graf claims her first WTA Tour Championship with a 4-6, 6-4, 6-0, 6-4 win over Gabriela Sabatini of Argentina at Madison Square Garden, NYC

  • 1988 France performs nuclear test

Sports History

1988 Wayne Gretzky scores his 600th NHL goal

  • 1988 Yankees sign free agent 2nd-baseman Steve Sax to 3-year contract
  • 1988 President Reagan announces that he is pocket-vetoing a bill designed to further restrict lobbying by former federal employees.
  • 1989 Pilots Union give up sympathy strike against Eastern Airlines
  • 1989 Xenophon Zolotas is sworn in as premier of Greece

Sports History

1989 The "Bounty Bowl": Philadelphia Eagles defeat Dallas Cowboys 27-0 at Thanksgiving in an ill-tempered game, after which Cowboys coach Jimmy Johnson accuses Eagles coach Buddy Ryan of placing bounties on players

  • 1990 Test Cricket debut of Saeed Anwar (Pak v WI), scores 0 & 0

Music History

1991 Freddie Mercury, 45, confirms he has AIDS the day before he dies

Boxing Title Fight

1991 Evander Holyfield TKOs Bert Cooper in 7 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1991 Martín López-Zubero swims world record 200m backstroke (1:56.57)
  • 1991 Sacramento Kings ends NBA's longest road losing streak at 43 games
  • 1991 Brigham Young University quarterback Ty Detmer finishes NCAA career with record 4,031 yards passed in a season, and 15,031 yards for career
  • 1992 "Someone Who'll Watch Over Me" opens at Booth NYC for 232 performances
  • 1992 10,000,000 cellular telephone sold
  • 1993 "Angels in America-Perestroika" opens at Walter Kerr NYC for 216 performances

Album Release

1993 "Doggystyle" debut album by Snoop Doggy Dogg is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1994)

  • 1996 Irene Skliva, 18, of Greece, crowned 46th Miss World
  • 1996 The Republic of Angola officially joins the World Trade Organization.

Sports History

1997 Czech tennis No. 1 Jana Novotná wins WTA Tour Championship at Madison Square Garden, NYC; beats Mary Pierce of France 7–6, 6–2, 6–3

  • 1998 Agreement between Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen and his rival, prince Norodom Ranariddh.
  • 2001 Convention on Cybercrime is signed in Budapest, Hungary.
  • 2001 53rd NASCAR Sprint Cup: Jeff Gordon wins

Election of Interest

2003 Georgian president Eduard Shevardnadze resigns following weeks of mass protests over flawed elections

  • 2003 Federation Cup Women's Tennis, Moscow, Russia: Amélie Mauresmo beats American Meghann Shaughnessy 6-2, 6-1 to give France an unassailable 3-0 lead (ends, 4-1) and their second title

President's Cup

2003 Presidents Cup Golf, Fancourt Hotel and CC: US and International team tie, 17-17; after 3 tied playoff holes between Tiger Woods and Ernie Els, captains and players decide Cup to be shared

  • 2004 World of Warcraft, multiplayer online role-playing video game released, world's most subscribed game
  • 2007 MS Explorer, a cruise liner carrying 154 people, sank in the Antarctic Ocean south of Argentina after hitting an iceberg near the South Shetland Islands.

Music Awards

2008 35th American Music Awards: Rihanna & Chris Brown win

  • 2008 97th Davis Cup: Spain beats Argentina in Mar del Plata (3-1)
  • 2008 CFL Grey Cup, Olympic Stadium, Montreal: Calgary Stampeders beat Montreal Alouettes, 22-14; 66,308 2nd-highest attended Grey Cup game in history
  • 2008 Economists at the University of Hawaii report that the state entered recession in the previous quarter based on the drop in tourist figures and growing unemployment, with 8,800 jobs expected to be cut in 2009
  • 2009 Maguindanao massacre occurs in Ampatuan, Maguindanao, Mindanao, Philippines
  • 2009 Susan Boyle releases her debut album “I Dreamed a Dream” (biggest selling album worldwide 2009, 2010 Billboard Album of the Year)
  • 2009 Fela! based on music and lyrics by Nigerian singer Fela Kuti, opens on Broadway
  • 2010 The Bombardment of Yeonpyeong occurs on Yeonpyeong Island, South Korea. The North Korean artillery attack kills 2 civilians and 2 South Korean marines.
  • 2011 Arab Spring: After 11 months of protests in Yemen, The Yemeni president Ali Abdullah Saleh Signs a deal to transfer power to the vice president, in exchange for legal immunity.
  • 2012 JR Tokai unveil a maglev LO train prototype capable of travelling up to 500km per hour

Sports History

2013 Manny Pacquiao defeats American Brandon Rios to win the WBO welterweight title

  • 2013 "The Day of the Doctor" 50th anniversary episode of "Doctor Who" screens on BBC One, 1st episode to feature 12th Doctor Peter Capaldi
  • 2014 A suicide bomber kills 40 people at a volleyball tournament in eastern Afghanistan
  • 2014 An adviser to the Kenyan president says the slaughter of 28 people on a bus by the Somali militant Islamist group al-Shabab is intended to create a religious war in the country
  • 2014 A magnitude 6.7 earthquake strikes central Japan

Historic Event

2014 Republicans condemn US President Obama's use of executive powers to force through immigration reform

  • 2014 Mass protests in Mexico by relatives of 43 missing Mexican students, who the authorities say were murdered by a drugs gang

Sports History

2014 Magnus Carlsen defends his World Chess Championship title after defeating Vishy Anand

  • 2014 103rd Davis Cup: Switzerland beats France in Lille (3-1), winning the Davis Cup for the first time

Sports History

2014 British Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton wins season-ending Abu Dhabi Grand Prix at the Yas Marina Circuit to clinch his second F1 World Drivers Championship, 67 points ahead of teammate Nico Rosberg

Music Awards

2014 41st American Music Awards: One Direction, Sam Smith and Katy Perry win

Historic Event

2015 President Yahya Jammeh of Gambia bans "Khatna", the Islamic ritual practice of genital mutilation of young girls [1]

Sports History

2015 Lydia Ko (18) of New Zealand wins women's LPGA Player of the Year and retains the Race to the CME Globe title worth $1 million

  • 2017 Papua New Guinea Police storm Manus Island refugee camp, forcibly removing asylum seekers
  • 2017 Brazilian footballer Robinho sentenced to nine years in prison for rape in Italy

Sports History

2018 Phil Mickelson claims $9m winner-takes-all prize in dramatic matchplay golf duel with Tiger Woods, finishing under floodlights in Las Vegas; match goes to 22nd hole before Mickelson sinks 4-foot putt for rich victory

  • 2018 US Federal Climate report finds climate change will reduce economy by 10% by 2100 with $141 billion cost from heat-related deaths, $118 billion from sea level rise
  • 2018 Italian designers Domenico Dolce and Stefano Gabbana apologize for culturally insensitive video and media posts insulting Chinese culture, cancel Shanghai fashion show
  • 2018 Alabama police kill the wrong suspect after a gunman shoots 18-year-old man and 12-year-old girl at Riverchase Galleria Mall in Hoovermall
  • 2019 Sumatran rhino officially declared extinct in Malaysia after last known specimen, 25-year-old Iman, dies of cancer in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo
  • 2020 AstraZeneca is the third drugmaker to report an effective vaccine for COVID-19 (62% or 90% effective depending on how it is given) and easy-to make and distribute