On This Day

Historical Events on November 3

  • 644 Umar ibn al-Khattab, second Muslim caliph, is killed in Medina by Lu'lu, an enslaved Persian captive
  • 1394 Jews are expelled from France by Charles VI
  • 1468 Liège is sacked by Charles I of Burgundy's troops.

Historic Discovery

1493 Christopher Columbus 'discovers' the island of Dominica, which was originally inhabited by the Kalinago

  • 1527 Ferdinand of Austria and Bohemia chosen as king of Hungary
  • 1529 1st sitting of the Reformation Parliament in London

Historic Event

1534 English parliament passes the Act of Supremacy making Henry VIII and all subsequent monarchs the Head of the Church of England

  • 1620 Great Patent granted to Plymouth Colony

Historic Event

1629 Prince Frederick Henry festival in The Hague

  • 1640 English Long Parliament forms
  • 1655 England & France sign military & economic treaties
  • 1656 Treaty of Vilnius: Russia & Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant [NS]
  • 1676 Kara Mustafa succeeds Ahmed Kiprulu as Turkish grand vizier

Treaty of Interest

1716 Pacification Treaty of Warsaw: Tsar Peter the Great guarantees Saxon monarch August I's Polish kingdom

Music History

1752 George Frideric Handel undergoes (failed) eye operation

  • 1760 Battle at Torgau, Saxony: Prussia beats Austria
  • 1762 Britain & Spain sign Treaty of Paris
  • 1762 Spain acquires Louisiana
  • 1783 John Austin, a footpad turned murderer, is the last to be publicly hanged at London's Tyburn gallows
  • 1791 Battle at Wabash: Indians assault general St Clair, 637 soldiers killed

Historic Event

1793 French playwright, journalist and feminist Olympe de Gouges is guillotined

  • 1794 French troops conquer Maastricht

Election of Interest

1796 John Adams elected as 2nd president of the United States of America

Victory in Battle

1812 Napoleonic armies defeated at Vyazma

  • 1813 US troops under General Coffee annihilate the Red Stick Creek Indian village at Tallasseehatchee, Alabama
  • 1820 Cuenca (Santa Ana de los Ríos de Cuenca), Ecuador, declares independence
  • 1838 The Times of India, world's largest circulated English language daily broadsheet newspaper founded as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce
  • 1839 First Opium War - 2 British frigates engage several Chinese junks
  • 1839 Palace of Gulhane Turkey, freedom of religion proclaimed
  • 1848 Johan Thorbeckes revises the Constitution of the Netherlands
  • 1856 A British fleet bombards Canton

Historic Event

1860 Poet and critic Matthew Arnold begins his series of lectures "On Translating Home" as Oxford Professor of Poetry at Oxford University

  • 1861 Battle of Port Royal, fought in Port Royal Sound, South Carolina begins, Union victory (US Civil War)
  • 1862 Battle until the 5th November between gunboats at Bayou Teche, a waterway in Louisiana
  • 1863 Battle of Grand Coteau in Southwestern Louisiana in the American Civil War

Historic Event

1867 Battle at Mentana: French & Papal troops beat Giuseppe Garibaldi

  • 1868 John Willis Menard from Louisiana is elected the first black US Congressman (opposition to his election means he never sits in Congress)

Election of Interest

1868 Ulysses S. Grant (R) wins US presidential election over Horatio Seymour (D)

  • 1869 Canada's Hamilton Football Club forms
  • 1874 James Theodore Holly, elected bishop of Haiti
  • 1883 Race riots kill 4 blacks in Danville Virginia
  • 1883 US Supreme Court decides federal courts have no jurisdiction over Native American tribal Council (Ex parte Crow Dog)
  • 1883 American Old West: Self-described "Black Bart the poet" gets away with his last stagecoach robbery, but leaves an incriminating clue that eventually leads to his capture
  • 1885 Tacoma vigilantes drive out Chinese, burn their homes & businesses
  • 1886 Friars of Tilburg arrives on Curacao
  • 1888 Amsterdam: 1st concerto of Concert worker, under Willem Kes
  • 1889 Chaplain Ariëns founds first Roman Catholic Workers group

Royal Coronation

1889 Menelik II is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia at the Church of Mary on Mount Entoto

  • 1896 J H Hunter patents portable weighing scales
  • 1896 Martha Hughes Cannon of Utah elected 1st female state senator in the US

Boxing Title Fight

1899 World heavyweight boxing champion James J. Jeffries retains title; beats Irishman Tom Sharkey on points in 25 rounds at Coney Island Athletic Club, Brooklyn, NYC

  • 1900 First US automobile show opens at Madison Square Garden (NYC)
  • 1903 Colombia grants independence to Panama
  • 1903 Giovanni Giolitti becomes Prime Minister of Italy; a progressive liberal, he will hold his post through most of the next decade and introduce social, agrarian and labor reforms

Historic Event

1905 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia signs a document of amnesty for the political prisoners

  • 1906 International Radiotelegraph Conference in Berlin selects "SOS" (· · · – – – · · ·) distress signal as the worldwide standard for help

Model T

1911 Chevrolet officially enters the automobile market in competition with the Ford Model T

  • 1913 1st modern elastic brassiere is patented by New York socialite Mary Phelps Jacob
  • 1916 Treaty establishes British suzerainty over Qatar
  • 1917 1st class US mail now costs 3 cents per ounce
  • 1918 Austro-Hungarian Empire dissolves
  • 1918 Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I
  • 1918 Thousands of revolutionary German sailors with the fleet at Kiel mutiny, seize the city, and set up councils of workers and sailors
  • 1922 Greek parliament bans Prince Andreas for life

Appointment of Interest

1926 Legendary baseball figure Ty Cobb resigns as Detroit Tigers manager; replaced by George Moriarty, first man to hold MLB's 4 principal jobs: player, umpire, scout and manager

  • 1927 22.3 cm rainfall at Somerset, Vermont (state record)

Music Premiere

1927 Rodgers & Hart's musical "Connecticut Yankee", based on Mark Twain's "A Connecticut Yankee In King Arthur's Court", opens at the Vanderbilt Theatre, NYC; runs for 421 performances

  • 1927 Tropical storm flooding kills 84 in Winooski River Valley, Vermont
  • 1928 Turkey switches from Arabic to Roman alphabet
  • 1930 First vehicular tunnel to a foreign country (Detroit-Windsor) opens

Historic Event

1930 Bank of Italy renamed Bank of America

Coup d'état

1930 Getúlio Dornelles Vargas became Head of the Provisional Government in Brazil after a bloodless coup on October 24.

  • 1931 First commercially produced synthetic rubber manufactured

Baseball Record

1934 NY Yankees 1st baseman Lou Gehrig wins American League Triple Crown after hitting .363 with 49 HRs and 165 RBI; but Philadelphia A's catcher Mickey Cochrane (.320, 2 HRs, 76 RBI) is named AL MVP

  • 1935 George II returns to Greece after 12 years and regains monarchy
  • 1935 Korean runner Sohn Kee-chung sets new men's marathon world record, 2:26:42 in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1935 Philadelphia Eagles beat Boston Redskins, 7-6 at Fenway Park; respective quarterbacks combine to throw an NFL record 11 interceptions

Election of Interest

1936 President Franklin D. Roosevelt wins a second term in office, defeating Republican candidate Alf Landon in the most lopsided election in American history in terms of electoral vote

  • 1937 Frenchman Maurice Archambaud cycles world record for distance in one hour, 45.796 km in Vigorelli, Milan, Italy
  • 1937 Howie Morenz Memorial Game, Montreal Forum: NHL All-Stars beat Montreal All Stars, 6-5
  • 1939 Clare Booth's "Margin for Error" premieres in NYC
  • 1942 12th day of battle at El Alamein: Scottish assault

Baseball Record

1942 Boston Red Sox outfielder Ted Williams wins American League Triple Crown (.356 average, 36 HRs, 137 RBI); but NY Yankees pitcher Joe Gordon is AL MVP

  • 1942 William L Dawson elected to Congress from Chicago

Music Premiere

1943 Dmitri Shostakovich's 8th Symphony premieres in Moscow

  • 1943 P-47D Thunderbolt shot down above North Holland
  • 1944 Allied commandos land at Westkapelle, on the Dutch island of Walcheren
  • 1944 German troops in Vlissingen surrender
  • 1944 Pro-German government of Hungary flees
  • 1944 US 28th Infantry division occupies Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • 1945 Australian Test cricket batsman Lindsay Hassett is 124 not out as Australian Services draws with Prince's XI at Delhi; follows his 187 in 1st innings

Historic Event

1946 Emperor Hirohito proclaims a new Japanese constitution

NHL All-Star Game

1948 2nd NHL All-Star Game, Chicago Stadium, Chicago, IL: All-Stars beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 3-1; Gordie Howe's first of 23 All-Star appearances

  • 1948 Kleggie Hermsen and Bones McKinney each score 17 points as Washington Capitols beat Philadelphia Warriors, 77-70 at Washington Coliseum to win first of 15 straight games to start season; best start in NBA history

Historic Event

1952 Clarence Birdseye markets frozen peas

  • 1952 Egypt protests German retribution payments to Israel
  • 1953 MLB Rules Committee restores the sacrifice fly rule, eliminated in 1939; rule says a sacrifice fly is not charged as a time at bat
  • 1953 "Tokyo Story", Japanese film directed by Yasujirō Ozu, starring Chishū Ryū, Chieko Higashiyama and Setsuko Hara, is released
  • 1954 Nobel for physics awarded to Max Born & Walter Bothe

Polio

1955 Scientists Carlton E. Schwerdt and Fred L. Schaffer announce they have crystallized the pure polio virus, meaning they can better determine the virus' chemical and biological properties

  • 1955 First virus crystallized (announced)

Historic Event

1955 Argentine ex-president Juan Perón arrives in Nicaragua

  • 1955 Australia takes control of Cocos Islands
  • 1955 Bernardus J Alfrink installed as archbishop of Utrecht
  • 1956 Suez Crisis: After several days of fighting, Israeli forces capture the Gaza Strip

The Wizard of Oz

1956 1939 film "The Wizard of Oz" televised for 1st time - hosted by Bert Lahr and 10 year old Liza Minnelli, as the finale of the Ford Star Jubilee series (CBS-TV)

Space Dog Laika Launched to her Death

1957 Soviet Union launches Sputnik 2 with space dog Laika aboard, a mostly-Siberian husky, the 1st animal in space

  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test

Election of Interest

1959 David Ben-Gurion's Mapai party wins Israeli parliamentary election

  • 1960 Meredith Willson's musical "The Unsinkable Molly Brown", starring Tammy Grimes, opens at Winter Garden, NYC; runs for 532 performances, and wins a Tony Award
  • 1960 Ivory Coast adopts constitution
  • 1960 Pittsburgh Pirates starter Vern Law (20-9, 18 complete games) wins MLB's Cy Young Award

Election of Interest

1961 UN General Assembly unanimously elects U Thant as acting Secretary-General after the death of Dag Hammarskjöld in a plane crash

  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

NBA Record

1962 SF Warriors center Wilt Chamberlain scores 72 points in 127-115 defeat to LA Lakers at LA Memorial Sports Arena; then 4th-highest point total in NBA history; remains 6th highest game total

Sports History

1963 Joe Weatherly finishes 7th in the season ending Golden State 400 at Riverside International Raceway; retains NASCAR Sprint Cup by 2,228 points from 14-time winner Richard Petty

Election of Interest

1964 Lyndon B. Johnson is elected President of the United States in a landslide, with Hubert Humphrey as his vice president, defeating Republican candidate Barry Goldwater

  • 1964 Philadelphia voters narrowly approve $25 million to build a new multi-purpose stadium that would become Veterans Stadium, home to MLB Phillies and NFL Eagles
  • 1964 For 1st time since 1800, residents of Washington, D.C. permitted to vote

Baseball Record

1965 Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher Sandy Koufax is named Cy Young Award winner by a unanimous vote and for a third time; posts 26-8 record, 1.73 ERA and record-shattering 382 strikeouts

  • 1967 Vietnam War: The Battle of Dak To begins, becoming one of the bloodiest battles of the war

Election of Interest

1968 Bob Packwood is elected senator of Oregon

  • 1968 Ex-Prime Minister of Greece Georgios Papandreou buried. 300,000 demonstrate against fascist junta
  • 1968 New York Jets kicker Jim Turner lands 6 field goals and an extra point to beat Buffalo Bills, 25-21 at Shea Stadium

Sports History

1968 English Lotus driver Graham Hill wins his 2nd Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by taking out the Mexican Grand Prix at Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez; wins title by 12 points from Scotsman Jackie Stewart

  • 1968 David Pearson is declared NASCAR Grand National champion as Cale Yarborough wins season ending Peach State 200 at Jefferson, Georgia; Pearson finishes 126 points ahead of Bobby Isaac to secure his 2nd title
  • 1969 Congo president Mobutu visits Belgium
  • 1970 "President's Daughter" opens at Billy Rose Theater, NYC; runs for 72 performances
  • 1970 Future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Bob Gibson wins his second NL Cy Young Award (23-7 record, 274 strikeouts and 3.12 ERA

Historic Event

1970 US President Richard Nixon promises gradual troop removal of Vietnam

Historic Event

1970 Marxist Salvador Allende inaugurated as President of Chile

  • 1971 "Play Misty For Me" premieres
  • 1973 BYU receiver Jay Miller sets an NCAA football single game record with 22 catches (for 263 yards) en route to a 56-21 victory over New Mexico at Cougar Stadium, Provo, Utah
  • 1973 Mariner 10 launched-1st Venus pics, 1st mission to Mercury
  • 1974 "Lorelei" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 320 performances
  • 1975 Good Morning America premieres on ABC (David Hartman & Nancy Dussault)
  • 1975 U.S. advice columnist for "Good Housekeeping" Ann Landers asks parents in a mail-in survey "‘If you had it to do over again, would you have children?" 70% of participants say no

Sports History

1975 Chris Evert becomes first tennis player to achieve the No. 1 ranking as the WTA Tour rankings debut; Evert holds top-spot for first 26 weeks

  • 1978 First broadcast of "Different Strokes" on NBC TV
  • 1978 Dominica gains independence from UK & adopts constitution
  • 1978 USSR & Vietnam sign peace & friendship treaty
  • 1979 Five people mortally wounded during anti-Ku Klux Klan demonstration in NC
  • 1979 Moroccan offensive against Polisario Front
  • 1980 After acquiring MLB's Oakland A's for $12.7m, Walter Haas Jr. appoints himself CEO; leads team to 4 AL West Divisional titles and 1989 World Series Championship
  • 1980 Ianford Wilson's "5th of July" premieres in NYC
  • 1980 Walter Hass Jr becomes CEO of Oakland A's
  • 1981 Milwaukee Brewers future Baseball Hall of Fame reliever Rollie Fingers (6-3 record, 28 saves and 1.04 ERA) wins American League Cy Young Award, with 22 of 28 possible 1st-place votes

Baseball Record

1982 Pitcher Pete Vuckovich becomes Milwaukee Brewers' second consecutive American League Cy Young Award winner; edges Jim Palmer of the Baltimore Orioles; Vuckovich, 18-6 with 105 strikeouts and 3.34 ERA

  • 1982 San Diego guard Randy Smith plays his 845th consecutive game in Clippers' 130-111 loss in Philadelphia; passes Johnny “Red” Kerr's NBA record; goes on to play in 906 straight games
  • 1983 Jesse Jackson launches his 1st campaign for presidency (D)
  • 1983 Nashville Network begins on cable TV
  • 1984 3,000 die in 3 day anti-Sikh riot in India

Assassination

1984 Body of assassinated Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi cremated

  • 1985 President Alfonsín's Radical Burgerunie wins in Argentine legislative elections

Sports History

1985 French McLaren driver Alain Prost wins his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship, finishing 4th in the Australian Grand Prix in Adelaide; wins title by 20 points from Italian Michele Alboreto

Sports History

1985 Bill Elliott wins Atlanta Journal 500 at Atlanta Raceway to become first driver to win 11 super-speedway races in 1 season; also first driver to win $2m in prize money in a single season

  • 1986 Federated States of Micronesia signs Compact of Free Association with US
  • 1986 Joaquim Chissano elected president Mozambique

Album Release

1986 John Lennon "Menlove Avenue" album released posthumously

  • 1986 Lebanese magazine Ash Shirra reveals secret US arms sales to Iran
  • 1986 Northern Mariana Islands becomes a Commonwealth associated with US

Baseball Record

1987 Oakland A's first baseman Mark McGwire wins American League Rookie of the Year with 49 home runs, 118 RBI; second to win AL award unanimously; first Carlton Fisk 1972

  • 1987 On Wall Street, after 5 consecutive gains, Dow Jones down 50.56

Historic Invention

1987 Gordon Gould issued US patent US4704583 for the laser, ending his 30-year battle to be credited as the inventor of the laser

Sports History

1987 New York center Marcel Dionne becomes just the second player in NHL history to register 1,700 career points, scoring a goal for the Rangers in a 5-3 loss at Calgary

  • 1988 Pakistan claims it downed Afghan warplane

Historic Event

1988 President Reagan signs credit-card disclosure-bill

  • 1988 Soviet Union agrees to allow teaching of Hebrew

Film & TV History

1988 Talk-show host Geraldo Rivera's nose is broken as Roy Innis brawls with skinheads at TV taping

  • 1989 100s of Bulgarian demonstrate in Sofia for democratic rights

Sports History

1989 Lou Piniella is named manager of the Cincinnati Reds, replacing Pete Rose, banned for life for gambling on MLB games

  • 1989 NBA expansion Minnesota Timberwolves make NBA debut; lose 106-94 against SuperSonics at Seattle Center Coliseum; Tyrone Corbin T-Wolves top scorer with 20 points
  • 1989 Šarūnas Marčiulionis and Alexander Volkov become first Russians to play in a regular season NBA game; Marciulionis scores 19 as Golden State lose 136-106 to Phoenix; Volkov held scoreless in Atlanta's 126-103 defeat by Indiana
  • 1990 Gro Harlem Brundtland is installed as Prime Minister of Norway
  • 1990 Atlanta Hawks' center Moses Malone sets an NBA record for free throws made in a career by hitting 7-of-9 in a 121-120 win over Indiana Pacers at the Omni; passes Oscar Robinson's record (7,694)
  • 1990 TCU quarterback Matt Vogler completes 44 passes including 5 touchdowns for an NCAA football record 690 passing yards in a 56-35 loss to Houston at the Astrodome; Cougars quarterback David Klingler throws for 7 TDs
  • 1990 MLB club owners agree to pay players $280 million in damages under a settlement to close aftermath of the owners' 3-year conspiracy case against free agents; largest owner-to-player payment ever made in sports
  • 1991 New York City Marathon: Salvador Garcia of Mexico men's champion in 2:09:28; Liz McColgan of Scotland wins women's title, 2:27.0

Sports History

1991 Ayrton Senna wins Australian Grand Prix in Adelaide; shortest F1 race ever run (14 laps) because of wet conditions; Senna retains his 3rd World Drivers Championship by 24 points from Nigel Mansell

Election of Interest

1992 Democrat Bill Clinton is elected President of the United States, defeating incumbent President George H. W. Bush

  • 1992 Carol Moseley-Braun elected first African-American woman in US Senate, representing Illinois

Music Single

1992 "I Will Always Love You" (Dolly Parton cover) single released by Whitney Houston (Billboard Song of the Year 1993)

Album Release

1992 Rock band Rage Against the Machine releases their debut album "Rage Against the Machine" featuring single "Killing in the Name"

  • 1993 Defenseman Ken Daneyko sets New Jersey Devils 'Ironman' record by playing 322nd consecutive NHL game in 2-3 loss at LA Kings

Sports History

1993 Greg Maddux becomes first pitcher since Sandy Koufax to win the National League's Cy Young Award in successive MLB seasons and the first in successive seasons with different teams; Cubs 1992, Braves 1993

  • 1994 Dutch & British astronomers find spiral nebula Dwingeloo 1
  • 1994 Space shuttle STS-66 (Atlantis 13), launches
  • 1994 Susan Smith who claimed her two children were carjacked arrested for murder
  • 1994 Total solar eclipse in South America (4m23s)
  • 1994 Small forward Glenn Robinson signs the then most lucrative rookie contract in NBA history, a 10-year, $68.15 million deal with the Milwaukee Bucks
  • 1994 First PlayStation console released by Sony Interactive Entertainment in Japan
  • 1995 With a 105-91 victory over Charlotte at the United Centre, Chicago wins their first of an NBA record 72 games in one season and their first of an NBA record 37 home games won at the start of a season
  • 1995 First NBA game at FleetCenter in Boston; Celtics lose to Milwaukee Bucks, 101-100
  • 1995 First NBA game at Rose Garden in Portland; Trail Blazers lose 92-80 to Vancouver Grizzlies
  • 1995 First NBA game at SkyDome in Toronto; Raptors beat New Jersey Nets, 94-79

Sports History

1996 San Francisco 49ers receiver Jerry Rice grabs 3 passes for 45 yards and a TD to become 1st player in NFL history to reach 1,000 career receptions in 24-17 win over New Orleans Saints; finishes career with 1,549