On This Day

Historical Events on November 30

  • 306 St Marcellus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 722 Pope Gregory II names Boniface as missionary bishop

Historic Event

1016 Cnut the Great [Canute], King of Denmark, claims the English throne after the death of Edmund 'Ironside'

  • 1215 Pope Innocent III closes 4th council of Lateranen
  • 1406 Angelo Correr elected Pope Gregory XII

German Beer Purity Law

1487 The first German Beer Purity Law (Reinheitsgebot), is promulgated in Munich by Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria stating beer should be brewed from only three ingredients – water, malt and hops

  • 1523 Amsterdam bans assembly of heretics

Historic Event

1554 England reconciles with Pope Julius III

  • 1630 16,000 inhabitants of Venice died this month of plague

Victory in Battle

1648 English Parliamentary army captures King Charles I

  • 1678 Roman Catholics banned from English parliament

Victory in Battle

1700 Battle at Narva: Swedish force of King Charles XII defeats Russian army [NS]

  • 1700 Utrecht, Overijssel, Buren, Leerdam and IJsselstein go on Gregoria calendar
  • 1731 Beijing hit by an earthquake; about 100,000 die
  • 1735 States of Holland forbid Free Masonry
  • 1747 Dutch State of Zealand declare governorship hereditary for women

Historic Event

1753 Benjamin Franklin receives the Godfrey Copley medal "on account of his curious Experiments and Observations on Electricity"

  • 1782 Britain signs agreement recognizing US independence

Historic Event

1786 Grand Duke of Tuscany Leopold II promulgates a penal reform, making his the 1st state to abolish the death penalty. November 30 commemorated as Cities for Life Day.

  • 1787 Spanish governor leaves the Philippines
  • 1803 Spain cedes her claims to Louisiana Territory to France
  • 1804 Impeachment trial of Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase begins
  • 1813 Prince Willem Frederik returns to Netherlands
  • 1824 First ground is broken at Allenburg for the building of the original Welland Canal
  • 1829 First Welland Canal opens for a trial run, 5 years to the day from the groundbreaking
  • 1838 Mexico declares war on France
  • 1861 Harper's Weekly publishes EE Beers' "All quiet along the Potomac"
  • 1863 Confederate troops vacate Fort Esperanza, Texas
  • 1864 Battle of Franklin, Tennessee: Confederate attack fails, 7,700 casualties
  • 1864 Battle of Honey Hill, South Carolina (Broad River) 96 dead, 665 wounded
  • 1866 Work begins on 1st US underwater highway tunnel in Chicago
  • 1868 The inauguration of a statue of King Charles XII of Sweden takes place in the King's garden in Stockholm
  • 1872 First international soccer game, Scotland draws with England (0-0) in Glasgow

Historic Event

1876 Archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann finds the gold Mask of Agamemnon at Mycenae (modern Greece) "the Mona Lisa of prehistory" [1]

  • 1885 Opera "El Cid" premieres (Paris)
  • 1886 First commercially successful AC electric power plant opens, Buffalo, NY
  • 1886 The Folies Bergère stages its first revue
  • 1887 1st indoor softball game in Chicago

Catholic Encyclical

1891 Pope Leo XIII's encyclical "Rerum novarum" published

  • 1900 A German engineer patents front-wheel drive for automobiles
  • 1900 The First Isthmian Canal Commission, appointed by the President having examined possible routes for a canal, issues its report favoring that through Nicaragua over the Panama route
  • 1902 American Old West: Second-in-command of Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch gang Kid Curry Logan sentenced to 20 years imprisonment with hard labor
  • 1907 Pike Place Market dedicated in Seattle
  • 1908 The US Secretary of State and Japan's ambassador to the US exchange notes in what becomes known as the Root-Takahira Agreement: they affirm support for an independent China with an 'open door' policy and for the status quo in the Pacific
  • 1908 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Melbourne, Australia: Anthony Wilding representing Australasia beats American Fred Alexander 6-3, 6-4, 6-1 to give defending champions a 3-2 victory

Historic Event

1909 British House of Lords rejects David Lloyd George's 'People's Budget', which tried to shift tax burden to the wealthy. Leads to the Parliament Act; intent to stop unelected house overruling will of the elected house.

  • 1912 CFL Grey Cup, AAA Grounds, Hamilton: Hamilton Alerts win their only title; beat Toronto Argonauts, 11-4
  • 1912 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Melbourne, Australia: James Cecil Parke beats Rodney Heaths 6-3, 6-4, 6-4 to give British Isles 3-2 victory over defending champions Australasia
  • 1915 St John Ervine's "John Ferguson" premieres in Dublin
  • 1916 Costa Rica becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1922 1st speed test of 1st genuine Japanese aircraft carrier Hosho

Historic Event

1922 Adolf Hitler speaks to 50,000 national-socialists in Munich, Germany

  • 1923 Dutch Catholic minority government of Wilhelm Marx forms
  • 1924 National Football League Championship: Cleveland Bulldogs (7-1-1) [formerly Canton] win first past the post title
  • 1924 1st photo facsimile transmitted across Atlantic by radio (London-NYC)
  • 1924 French and Belgium troops withdrawn from their occupation of the Rurh

Sports History

1928 Australian cricket legend Don Bradman makes an inauspicious Test debut; scores 18 & 1 vs England in 1st Test in Brisbane; dropped to 12th man for 2nd Test

Historic Invention

1928 Vladimir K. Zworykin receives patent on Iconoscope TV system

  • 1929 CFL Grey Cup, AAA Grounds, Hamilton: Hamilton Tigers take their 4th title; beat Regina Roughriders, 14-3
  • 1931 His Master's Voice and Columbia Records merge into EMI
  • 1933 CCC Camps are established in Cleveland Park District
  • 1936 London's Crystal Palace (built 1851) destroyed by fire
  • 1937 3rd Heisman Trophy Award: Clint Frank, Yale (HB)
  • 1938 Fascist coup in Romania fails
  • 1938 Germany bans Jews being lawyers
  • 1939 Paul Osborn's "Mornings at 7" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 USSR invades Finland, bombs Helsinki

Appointment of Interest

1939 Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim appointed Commander-in-Chief of all Finnish armed services as Soviet forces invade

  • 1940 CFL Grey Cup (Game 1), Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Ottawa beats Toronto Balmy Beach, 8-2
  • 1941 101 year old Nyack-Tarrytown (NY) ferry makes its last run

Historic Event

1941 Japanese Emperor Hirohito consults with admirals Shimada and Nagano

  • 1942 U-boats sink and damage 142 allied ships this month (877,774 tons)
  • 1942 -Dec 1st: Sea battle at Tassafaronga, Guadalcanal
  • 1942 Bill Terry resigns as supervisor of NY Giants minor league system
  • 1942 German supply vessel Uckermark (formerly called the Altmark) explodes & sinks off Yokohama
  • 1944 Biggest & last British battleship HMS Vanguard launched
  • 1946 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Toronto Argonauts claim 7th Championship and retain title with 28-6 win over Winnipeg Blue Bombers
  • 1946 Bradman scores 187 in 1st Test Cricket v England at the Gabba
  • 1947 Day after UN decree for Israel, Jewish settlements attacked
  • 1948 Baseball's Negro National League disbands
  • 1948 Player-manager Lou Boudreau is selected AL MVP
  • 1948 Soviets set up a separate municipal government in East Berlin

Election of Interest

1949 New Zealand general election won by Sidney Holland's National party, ousting Peter Fraser's Labour government

  • 1949 Chinese Communists captured Chungking
  • 1949 KOTV TV channel 6 in Tulsa, Oklahoma (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1950 US President Harry Truman threatens China with atom bomb

Sports History

1952 Jackie Robinson accuses the NY Yankees of racial bias on national television

  • 1953 French parachutist under Colonel De Castries attacks Dien Bien Phu
  • 1953 Edward Mutesa II, kabaka (king) of Buganda is deposed and exiled to London by Sir Andrew Cohen, Governor of Uganda
  • 1954 Ann Hodges is bruised by a meteor at Sylacauga, Alabama in first modern instance of a meteorite striking a human
  • 1954 20th Heisman Trophy Award: Alan Ameche, Wisconsin (FB)
  • 1954 John Strydom succeeds D. F. Malan as premier of South Africa
  • 1955 "Pipe Dream" opens at Shubert Theater, NYC; runs for 245 performances
  • 1955 Argentine government disbands Peronistic party
  • 1956 1st use of videotape on TV (Douglas Edwards & the News)

Boxing Title Fight

1956 At 21 years, 10 months, 3 weeks, 5 days Floyd Patterson becomes youngest world heavyweight boxing champion; KOs Archie Moore in 5th round in Chicago; first Olympic gold medalist to win a professional heavyweight title

  • 1956 Australian Betty Cuthbert takes Olympic sprint double when she runs OR equalling 23.4s to win the 200m gold medal at the Melbourne Games; beats Christa Stubnick in repeat of 100m final 4 days earlier
  • 1956 Milt Campbell sets Olympic record total of 7,937 points to upset fellow American and world record holder Rafer Johnson, and win the decathlon gold medal at the Melbourne Games
  • 1956 Jon Henricks swims world record 55.4 to win the men's 100m at the Melbourne Olympics; rare Australian 1-2-3 with John Devitt and Gary Chapman taking the minor medals
  • 1956 Gert Fredriksson of Sweden wins his 2nd straight K-1 10,000m canoeing gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; last time event held in the Summer Olympics; also wins 3rd consecutive K-1 1,000m gold
  • 1957 "Happy Hunting" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 413 performances
  • 1957 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Hamilton Tiger-Cats take out their 2nd title; beat Winnipeg Blue Bombers, 32-7

Assassination Attempt

1957 Assassination attempt on Indonesian President Sukarno, kills 8

  • 1958 1st US guided missile destroyer launched - the Dewey at Bath Iron Works, Maine
  • 1958 WKBW TV channel 7 in Buffalo, NY (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1959 Joe Foss named 1st commissioner of AFL

Sports History

1959 1960 NFL Draft: Billy Cannon from LSU first pick by Los Angeles Rams

  • 1960 French Senate condemns building own nuclear weapons
  • 1960 Tad Mosels "All the Way Home" premieres in NYC
  • 1961 Billy Williams of the Cubs is voted NL Rookie of Year
  • 1961 USSR vetoes Kuwaits application for UN membership

Historic Event

1962 U Thant of Burma becomes the 3rd Secretary-General of the United Nations

  • 1963 CFL Grey Cup, Empire Stadium, Vancouver: Hamilton Tiger-Cats defeat BC Lions, 21-10; features controversial sequence involving American players Angelo Mosca and Willie Fleming
  • 1963 Martin Walser's "Überlebensgross Herr Krott" premieres in Stuttgart
  • 1964 USSR launches Zond 2 towards Mars; no data returned
  • 1966 Barbados gains independence from Great Britain (National Day)
  • 1966 Radio time signal WWV moves from Greenbelt, Maryland
  • 1967 Julie Nixon and David Eisenhower announce their engagement
  • 1967 Kuria Muria Islands ceded by Britain to Oman
  • 1967 People's Democratic Republic of Yemen declares independence from the UK

Historic Event

1967 Senator Eugene McCarthy announces he will run for the US presidency on an anti-Vietnam war platform

  • 1967 The Pakistan Peoples Party is founded by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto who becomes its first Chairman later as the Head of state and Head of government after the 1971 Civil War
  • 1968 CFL Grey Cup, CNE Stadium, Toronto: Ottawa Rough Riders defeat Calgary Stampeder, 24-21; MVP Vic Washington's 79-yard TD run remains a Grey Cup record

Historic Event

1968 A Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association march in Armagh is stopped by Royal Ulster Constabulary because of the presence of a Loyalist counter demonstration led by Ian Paisley and Ronald Bunting

  • 1969 CFL Grey Cup, Autostade, Montreal: Ottawa Rough Riders defeat Saskatchewan Roughriders, 29-11; first Grey Cup game played in its entirety on a Sunday
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

TV Show Appearance

1969 American singer-songwriter Neil Diamond makes his only appearance on "The Ed Sullivan Show", singing "Sweet Caroline" and "Holly, Holy"

  • 1971 The government of the Republic of Ireland states that it will take the allegations of brutality against the security forces in Northern Ireland to the European Court of Human Rights

Television Premiere

1971 Emmy and Peabody Award-winning TV movie "Brian's Song", about the friendship of Chicago Bears football teammates Brian Piccolo and Gale Sayers (based on Sayers' autobiography) premieres on ABC, starring James Caan and Billie Dee Williams

  • 1972 BBC bans Wings' "Hi, Hi, Hi"
  • 1972 Illegal fireworks factory explodes killing 15 in Rome, Italy
  • 1973 Firestone Professional Bowling World Tournament of Champions won by Jim Godman

Album Release

1973 Paul McCartney & Wings release album "Band on the Run" in the UK

  • 1974 "Good Evening" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 438 performances
  • 1974 "Mack & Mabel" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 66 performances
  • 1974 20th time Islanders shut-out (3-0 vs Canucks)
  • 1975 Dahomey renamed People's Republic of Benin
  • 1976 42nd Heisman Trophy Award: Tony Dorsett, Pittsburgh (RB)
  • 1978 France performs nuclear test

Music History

1979 Pink Floyd's "The Wall" released, sells 6 million copies in 2 weeks

  • 1979 Ted Koppel becomes anchor of nightly news on Iran Hostages (ABC)
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1980 "Banjo Dancing" closes at Century Theater NYC after 38 performances
  • 1980 "Perfectly Frank" opens at Helen Hayes Theater NYC for 16 performances

Theatrical Finale

1980 "West Side Story" closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 341 performances

  • 1980 Uruguay's new constitution rejected by referendum

Sports History

1981 NY Yankee Dave Righetti wins AL Rookie of Year Award

  • 1981 Porn star John Holmes arrested on fugitive charges
  • 1981 South Africa anti-apartheid advocate Bulelani Ngcuka arrested
  • 1981 Cold War: In Geneva, representatives from the United States and the Soviet Union begin to negotiate intermediate-range nuclear weapon reductions in Europe (the meetings ended inconclusively on December 17)
  • 1982 STS-6 vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1982 US submarine Thomas Edison collides with US Navy destroyer in South China Sea
  • 1982 USSR performs nuclear test

Album Release

1982 "Thriller", 6th studio album by Michael Jackson is released (Grammy Award Album of the Year 1984, best-selling album of all time, Billboard Album of the Year 1983)

  • 1982 Ottumwa, Iowa, declared "Video Game Capital of the World" by mayor Jerry Parker
  • 1983 Police free kidnapped beer magnate Alfred Heineken in Amsterdam
  • 1983 Radio Shack announces Tandy Model 2000 computer (80186 chip)
  • 1983 Raúl Alfonsín wins Argentine presidential election
  • 1983 Sam Shepards "Fool for love" premieres in NYC
  • 1983 Denver Nuggets coach Doug Moe, hoplessly behind, advise team to let Blazers break their scoring record
  • 1986 "Flamenco Puro" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 40 performances
  • 1986 CFL Grey Cup, BC Place, Vancouver: Hamilton Tiger-Cats defeat Edmonton Eskimos, 39-15; Al Bruno's 2nd Grey Cup win, 1st as head coach, also as a player with 1952 Toronto Argonauts

Sports History

1986 American-based Czech tennis star Ivan Lendl is first player to make over $10 million in career earnings

  • 1987 Afghanistan Constitution adopted
  • 1988 Cyclone lashes Bangladesh, Eastern India; 317 killed
  • 1988 France performs nuclear test at Fangataufa Island

Sports History

1988 NYC furrier sues Mike Tyson for $92,000 for non payment of purchase

  • 1988 Soviets stop jamming Radio Liberty; 1st time in 38 yrs
  • 1988 UN General Assembly (151-2) censures US for refusing PLO's Arafat visa
  • 1988 Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. buys RJR Nabisco for $25.07 billion USD.
  • 1989 Deutsche Bank board member Alfred Herrhausen is killed by a Red Army Faction terrorist bomb

Film & TV History

1990 American actor Burt Lancaster suffers a stroke

Historic Event

1990 US President George H. W. Bush offers to send Secretary of State James Baker to Baghdad to meet with Saddam Hussein

  • 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup Final, Tianhe Stadium, Guangzhou, China: Michelle Akers scores twice as US beats Norway, 2-1
  • 1991 93 cars and 11 truck accident near San Francisco during a dust storm, 17 die
  • 1991 Rob Pilatus, 27, of Milli Vanilli attempts suicide
  • 1991 San Diego State's Marshall Faulk is 1st freshman to capture national rushing and scoring titles

Sports History

1992 David Boon's 14th Test Cricket century, 111 v WI at Brisbane

  • 1992 Intercity-train derailed at Village chief, 5 die
  • 1993 NFL announces 30th franchise - Jacksonville Jaguars

Historic Event

1993 President Clinton signs Brady Gun Control Bill

Film Premiere

1993 "Schindler's List", American historical drama film directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Liam Neeson, Ben Kingsley, and Ralph Fiennes, premieres in Washington, D.C. (Academy Awards Best Picture 1994)

  • 1994 Beatles' 1st album in 25 years, "Live at the BBC", is released in Britain
  • 1994 Cruise ship Achille Lauro destroyed by fire at Somalia, 4 die
  • 1994 Man Mohan Adhikary sworn in as 1st communist premier of Nepal
  • 1995 Official end of Operation Desert Storm
  • 1996 South African cricket opening batsman Gary Kirsten follows his 1st innings 102 with 133 in the Proteas' 329 run 2nd Test win v India in Kolkata
  • 1997 "Eugene Onegin" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC
  • 1997 86th Davis Cup: Sweden sweeps US in Gothenburg (5-0)
  • 1998 Deutsche Bank announces a US$10 billion deal to buy Bankers Trust, thus creating the largest financial institution in the world
  • 1999 In Seattle, Washington, United States, protests against the WTO meeting by anti-globalization protesters catch police unprepared and force the cancellation of opening ceremonies
  • 1999 British Aerospace and Marconi Electronic Systems merge to form BAE Systems, Europe's largest defence contractor and fourth largest aerospace firm in the world

Historic Event

2002 Ina Garten's cooking show "Barefoot Contessa" premieres on the Food Network

  • 2003 92nd Davis Cup: Australia beats Spain in Melbourne (3-1)
  • 2004 Department of Homeland Security Secretary Tom Ridge resigns

Film & TV History

2004 Longtime "Jeopardy!" champion Ken Jennings of Salt Lake City, Utah finally loses, leaving him with $2,520,700 USD, television's all-time biggest game show haul

  • 2004 Lion Air Flight 538 crash lands in Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia, killing 26

Album Release

2004 RCA releases "Breakaway", Kelly Clarkson's 2nd studio album; wins 2 Grammy Awards and becomes her best selling album to date with over 12 million units sold

  • 2005 John Sentamu becomes the first black archbishop in the Church of England with his enthronement as the 97th Archbishop of York