On This Day

Historical Events on November 4

  • 922 Richarius becomes bishop of Luik
  • 1333 Flood of the Arno River, causing massive damage in Florence as recorded by the Florentine chronicler Giovanni Villani.

Historic Siege

1429 Joan of Arc and Charles d'Albret liberate the heavily fortified town of Saint-Pierre-le-Moûtier after a siege

  • 1501 Philip de Blank & Juana "la Loca" depart to Spain
  • 1519 Flood ravages Dutch/Friese coast

Royal Coronation

1520 Danish Norwegian king Christian II crowned King of Sweden

  • 1529 English cardinal Thomas Wolsey arrested on charges of treason
  • 1576 Eighty Years' War: In Flanders, Spanish defeat Walloon and capture Antwerp
  • 1619 Frederick V crowned king of Bohemia
  • 1631 Ferdinand of Austria installed as land guardian of South Netherlands

Victory in Battle

1645 Prince Frederick Henry conquers Hulst

  • 1646 Massachusetts uses death penalty for denying that Holy Bible is God's word
  • 1675 Storm hits Western Europe: flood in Amsterdam
  • 1737 The Teatro di San Carlo in Naples, inaugurated.
  • 1771 Carlo Goldoni's "Le Bourru Bienfaisant" premieres in Paris

Music Premiere

1783 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's "Symphony No. 36" premieres in Linz, Austria

  • 1819 Māori Chiefs Hongi Hika and Rewa sell 13,000 acres (5260 hectares) at Kerikeri to the Church Missionary Society for 48 felling axes, New Zealand
  • 1839 The Newport Rising is the last large-scale armed rebellion against authority in mainland Britain
  • 1841 First wagon train arrives in California
  • 1845 First nationally observed uniform election day in the United States, the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November
  • 1846 American inventor Benjamin Palmer from Meredith, New Hampshire, patents the artificial leg
  • 1852 Count Camillo Benso di Cavour becomes the prime minister of Piedmont-Sardinia, which soon expands to become Italy
  • 1854 Lighthouse built on Alcatraz Island, San Francisco Bay

Election of Interest

1856 James Buchanan elected 15th US president

  • 1861 University of Washington founded in Seattle

Historic Invention

1862 American inventor Richard Jordan Gatling patents the hand cranked Gatling machine gun in Indianapolis

  • 1864 Confederate assault on Johnsonville, Tennessee
  • 1864 Battle at Reynoldsburg Island near Johnsonville, Tennessee: Confederate troops bombard Union supplies and fleet destroying four gunboats
  • 1866 Kingdom of Italy annexes Venetia
  • 1867 90 kegs of powder used to get rock from Telegraph Hill, San Francisco, for seawall
  • 1873 Dentist John Beers of San Francisco patents the gold crown
  • 1874 Samuel J. Tilden elected governor of New York
  • 1875 Passenger Steamship "Pacific" collides with sailing vessel "Orpheus" off Cape Flattery, Washington, 236 die
  • 1875 Tonga adopts constitution
  • 1875 Massachusetts Rifle Association is founded in Boston

Music Premiere

1876 Johannes Brahms' 1st Symphony in C premieres in Karlsruhe, Grand Duchy of Baden

Historic Invention

1879 African American inventor Thomas Elkins patents the Refrigerating Apparatus [1]

  • 1879 James Ritty patents first cash register, to combat stealing by bartenders in his saloon in Dayton, Ohio

Historic Event

1884 Grover Cleveland (D) beats James G. Blaine (R) for his 1st presidential term (only American president to serve 2 non-consecutive terms)

  • 1886 Edward MacDowell's orchestra suite "Ophelia" premieres
  • 1889 Players League begins, declaring independence from baseball's NL
  • 1890 Alexander Borodin's opera "Prince Igor" debuts at Mariinsky Theatre, St. Petersburg, Russia
  • 1890 Great Britain proclaims Zanzibar as a protectorate
  • 1890 Prince of Wales opens first underground station at Stockwell, South London
  • 1890 Alexander Borodin's opera "Prince Igor" premieres in Petersburg
  • 1893 British South Africa Company troops under Dr Jamesons occupy Bulawayo, Matabeleland

Theater Premiere

1901 Clyde Fitch's play "Way of the World" premieres in NYC

  • 1903 Panama and Colombia wake up to news that the insurrectionists have declared an independent Republic of Panama
  • 1904 First stadium built specifically for football (Harvard Stadium)
  • 1905 Dock strike against importing grain elevators in Rotterdam
  • 1908 Brooklyn Academy of Music opens in NYC
  • 1909 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari's opera "Il Segreto di Susanna" (Susanna's Secret) is first produced in Munich
  • 1910 Start of South Africa's 1st F-C game in Aust (v S Aust). It rained

Agreement of Interest

1910 Russian Tsar Nicholas II visits German Emperor Wilhelm II at Potsdam; they force tentative agreements on spheres of influence in the Middle East

  • 1911 France & Germany sign treaty about Morocco & Congo
  • 1914 Vogue holds 1st model show ("Fashion Fete", NYC)
  • 1918 The Allied armistice with Austria-Hungary, signed 3 November, goes into effect

Historic Event

1921 The Sturmabteilung or SA (the "Brown Shirts") is formally established by Adolf Hitler

  • 1921 Japanese Prime Minister Hara Takashi is assassinated by a right wing fanatic in Tokyo
  • 1924 California legalizes professional boxing (illegal since 1914)
  • 1924 Nellie Tayloe Ross one of the first two women elected US governor (Wyoming) [See also Miriam (Ma) Ferguson, of Texas]

Election of Interest

1924 Calvin Coolidge is elected to a full term as President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate John W. Davis

Election of Interest

1924 Stanley Baldwin becomes Britain's Prime Minister for a second time after a landslide victory over Ramsay MacDonald's Labour Party

  • 1924 Miriam (Ma) Ferguson one of the first two women elected US governor (of Texas) [See also Nellie Tayloe Ross, of Wyoming]
  • 1928 Jose Moncada elected president of Nicaragua

Historic Event

1928 American gangster Arnold Rothstein is shot at a business meeting for reputedly refusing to pay gambling debts (dies 6th November)

  • 1929 John L. Balderston's play "Berkeley Square" starring Leslie Howard premieres in NYC

Historic Expedition

1929 Richard E. Byrd, Laurence McKinley Gould and their polar expedition team begin a 2½ month, 1500-mile dog-sledge journey into the Queen Maud Mountains. The first exploration of the interior of Antarctica.

Theater Premiere

1931 Jean Genet's play "Judith" premieres in Paris

Historic Event

1933 Bulgarian communist Georgi Dimitrov defends himself and the ideology of communism against Hermann Goering and his Nazi accusers on charges of setting the Reichstag on fire

  • 1933 Young Park (1) in the Bronx named in honor of James Young
  • 1934 After posting 7 straight shutouts to start the NFL season, Detroit Lions beat Pittsburgh, 40-7 at University of Detroit Stadium; scored upon for the first time of the season; rush for NFL single game record 426 yards
  • 1939 First air conditioned automobile (Packard) exhibited, Chicago, Illinois
  • 1939 US allows "cash & carry" arms sales during WW II
  • 1940 Eggs & cake rationed in Netherlands
  • 1942 13th day of battle at El Alamein: Afrika Korps draws back
  • 1944 German troops reconquer Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • 1944 RAF bombs Dinteloord (Netherlands), 54 killed
  • 1946 "Park Avenue" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 72 performances
  • 1946 United Nations Educational, Scientific, & Cultural Organization (UNESCO) formed

Nobel Prize

1948 American-born British poet T. S. Eliot wins Nobel Prize for literature

Film & TV History

1948 American humorist Will Rogers commemorated by US Postage Service on 3-cent stamp

  • 1949 "One Man's Family" premieres on TV in the US, after running as a radio show since 1932
  • 1950 "Barrier" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 4 performances
  • 1950 "Consul" closes at Barrymore Theater NYC after 269 performances
  • 1950 Indonesian troops reconquer Ambon
  • 1950 US troops vacate Pyongyang, North Korea

Ryder Cup

1951 Ryder Cup Golf, Pinehurst Resort: US wins 9½-2½; Sam Snead playing captain for US; Arthur Lacey non-playing GB skipper

  • 1951 NY Giants & NY Yanks score back-to-back TDs on kickoff returns
  • 1951 Vijay Merchant scores 154 v England in his last Test Cricket innings
  • 1952 Earthquake & flood strike Kamshatka-South America

Election of Interest

1952 Republican candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower is elected President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate Adlai Stevenson

  • 1953 New baseball balk rule gives the batter option of accepting the outcome of the pitch or the balk
  • 1954 "Fanny" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 888 performances
  • 1954 Philadelphia A's move to Kansas City
  • 1956 200,000 Russian troops attack anti-Soviet movement in Budapest, Hungary
  • 1957 2nd Soviet Earth-satellite launched

Papal Inauguration

1958 Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli crowned as Pope John XXIII

Historic Event

1958 Belgian minority government of Gaston Eyskens resigns

  • 1958 Democrats win US congressional election

Sports History

1959 Ernie Banks, Cubs shortstop, wins 2nd consecutive NL MVP

Historic Discovery

1960 Mary Leakey and Louis Leakey discover first Homo habilis jaw fragments (OH 7) at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

  • 1961 Konstantinos Karamanlis becomes premier of Greece

Music History

1961 American folk singer-songwriter Bob Dylan makes his Carnegie Hall (NYC) debut; tickets priced at $2.00 [1]

  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

Music Concert

1963 John Lennon utters his infamous line at a Royal Variety Performance "Will the people in the cheaper seats clap your hands? And for the rest of you, if you’ll just rattle your jewelry…" in London

  • 1965 Lee Breedlove sets female land speed record (308.56 MPH) in Utah
  • 1966 Flooding of Arno River (Florence, Italy) destroys countless art works, kills 113
  • 1968 Battles between Jordanian army & Al Fatah-arm forces
  • 1968 WRDU (now WPTF) TV channel 28 in Raleigh-Durham, NC (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • 1968 WTOG TV channel 44 in St Petersburg-Tampa, FL (IND) 1st broadcast

Meeting of Interest

1968 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill meets British Prime Minister Harold Wilson for talks on Northern Ireland; Wilson states no change of constitutional position of Northern Ireland possible without consent of the its people

Album Release

1968 "Wichita Lineman" 12th album by Glen Campbell is released (Billboard Album of the Year, 1969)

Historic Event

1970 Russian nuclear physicist Andrei Sakharov forms Human Rights Committee

  • 1970 Genie, a 13 year old feral child found in Los Angeles, California, having been locked in her bedroom by her father for most of her life
  • 1972 Bangladesh adopts constitution
  • 1972 Kings score 3 goals within 45 seconds against Islanders
  • 1973 Thousands commemorate former Greek premier Georgios Papandreou
  • 1973 Mark Medoff's "When You Comin' Back, Red Ryder?" premieres in NYC
  • 1973 New Orleans Saints 1st shutout victory, 13-0 vs Buffalo Bills
  • 1973 The Netherlands experiences the first Car Free Sunday caused by the 1973 oil crisis. Highways are deserted and are solely used by cyclists and roller skaters.
  • 1973 Chicago centre Stan Mikita registers his 1,000 NHL career point in the Black Hawks 5-3 loss to the Minnesota North Stars at the Met Centre, Bloomington, Minnesota

Sports History

1975 Orioles Jim Palmer wins his 2nd Cy Young Award

Sports History

1976 1st mass-market free-agent reentry draft, Reggie Jackson, Joe Rudi, Gullett, Tenace, Fingers, Baylor, Grich & McCovey, available

  • 1977 UN Security council proclaims weapon embargo against South Africa
  • 1978 Iranian troops fire on anti-Shah student protesters by Tehran University
  • 1978 Islanders start 15 game undefeated streak (12-0-3)
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Sports History

1978 3rd annual reentry free-agent draft, Pete Rose, Tommy John, & Darrell Evans, available

Iran Hostage Crisis

1979 500 Iranian students loyal to Ayatollah Khomeini seize the US Embassy in Tehran, taking 90 hostages for 444 days

  • 1980 Islanders start 15 game undefeated streak (13-0-2)
  • 1980 Libyan invasion in Chad

Election of Interest

1980 Republican candidate Ronald Reagan is elected President of the United States, defeating incumbent Democrat US President Jimmy Carter by a landslide

  • 1980 Sadaharu Oh, 40, pro-baseball's all-time HR run king with 868, retires

Sports History

1980 MLB Philadelphia Phillies Steve Carlton wins 3rd NL Cy Young Award

  • 1981 Beth Henley's "Crimes of the Heart" premieres in NYC
  • 1981 Columbia shuttle launch scrubbed with 31 secs remaining
  • 1981 Dr George Nichopoulas is acquitted of overprescribing addictive drugs for Elvis Presley
  • 1982 Ruud Lubbers becomes Dutch premier
  • 1983 Bomb attack on Israeli headquarter in Tyrus Lebanon, 60 killed
  • 1983 Washington Capitals first NHL overtime victory beating Vancouver 5-4
  • 1984 Nicaragua holds first free elections in 56 years; Sandinistas win 63%
  • 1985 "Edge of Darkness" first airs on BBC Two, featuring Bob Peck and Joanne Whalley
  • 1987 Benito Santiago, Padres catcher, wins NL Rookie of Year
  • 1987 Lisa Steinberg, battered into coma by her adoptive father Joel
  • 1987 NBA announces 4 new franchises; Charlotte & Miami for 1988 & Minneapolis & Orlando for 1989
  • 1988 First NBA game at Charlotte Coliseum - Hornets lose to Cavs, 133-93
  • 1989 First NBA game at Orlando Arena, Orlando Magic loses to NJ Nets, 111-106
  • 1989 Rene Muawad elected president of Lebanon
  • 1989 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Gulfstream Park; winners: Bayakoa, Dancing Spree, Go for Wand, Prized, Rhythm, Steinlen, Sunday Silence
  • 1989 The congress of the Solidarity Party is inaugurated in Sweden. The congress decides, contrary to the proposal of the central committee, not to disband the party.
  • 1989 Alexanderplatz demonstrations for political reforms draw over half a million people in East Berlin, significant event that led to the fall of the Berlin Wall
  • 1990 "Buddy - The Buddy Holly Story" opens at Shubert Theatre, NYC; runs for 225 performances
  • 1990 20th NYC Women's Marathon won by Wanda Panfil in 2:30:45
  • 1990 21st NYC Marathon won by Douglas Wakiihuri in 2:12:39
  • 1990 Iraq says it is preparing for a "dangerous war"
  • 1990 US Secretary of State James Baker visits American troops in Saudi Arabia

Sports History

1990 Ayrton Senna retires with gearbox trouble during the season-ending Australian Grand Prix in Adelaide; wins by 7 points from Alain Prost; McLaren-Honda wins Constructors title for 3rd straight year

  • 1991 Mid East peace conference ends in Madrid Spain

Historic Event

1991 Imelda Marcos returns from exile to the Philippines and was arrested the next day for tax fraud and corruption. She was then released on $6,400 bail.

  • 1992 NY Giants announce they will quit WNEW Radio after 32 years for WOR
  • 1992 NY Jets announce they are moving from WABC to WFAN radio
  • 1993 "Timon of Athens" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 37 performances

Music History

1993 Elton John awarded $518,700 from Sunday Mirror for a false report on his diet

  • 1993 Bolivia becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty

Appointment of Interest

1993 Jean Chretien is appointed the Prime Minister of Canada by Governor General Ray Hnatyshyn

  • 1994 Soyuz TM-20 lands in Kazakhstan
  • 1994 United Center in Chicago opens - Bulls beat Charlotte Hornets, 89-83
  • 1994 San Francisco: First conference that focuses exclusively on the subject of the commercial potential of the World Wide Web.
  • 1995 "Indiscretions" closes at Ethel Barrymore Theater NYC after 221 performances
  • 1995 1st-class Cricket debut of Paul Adams, W Province v N Transvaal
  • 1995 KeyArena opens in Seattle, Supersonics beat the LA Lakers 103-89

Album Release

1996 British girls group the Spice Girls release their debut album "Spice", goes on to sell 23 million copies

Album Release

1997 "Come On Over" 3rd studio album by Shania Twain is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1999)

  • 2000 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Churchill Downs; winners: Tiznow, Macho Uno, Spain, Kalanisi, War Chant, Perfect Sting, Kona Gold, Caressing

Emmy Awards

2001 53rd Emmy Awards: The West Wing, Sex and the City, James Gandolfini & Edie Falco win

Film Premiere

2001 "Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone" 1st film adaptation of the book series by J. K. Rowling starring Daniel Radcliffe, premieres in London (Titled "Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone" in some markets)

  • 2001 Baseball World Series: Arizona beats New York Yankees, 3-2 in Game 7 at Bank One Ballpark, Phoenix for Diamondbacks' first title; co-MVP: Arizona pitchers Randy Johnson & Curt Schilling

Sports History

2001 American tennis star Serena Williams wins the WTA Tour Championship in Munich, Germany after Lindsay Davenport defaults the final due to a knee injury; Williams' first season-ending title

  • 2002 Chinese authorities arrest cyber-dissident He Depu for signing pro-democracy letter to the 16th Communist Party Congress
  • 2003 The most powerful solar flare as observed by satellite instrumentation is recorded.
  • 2003 Former HealthSouth CEO Richard Scrushy becomes the first person indicted under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. He was eventually acquitted.

Album Release

2003 "Shock'n Y'all" 8th studio album by Toby Keith is released (Billboard Album of the Year 2004)

  • 2004 12 French soldiers, 3 UN personnel and hundreds of civilians die during the Côte d'Ivoire civil war.
  • 2006 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Churchill Downs, winners: Invasor, Street Sense, Round Pond, Ouija Board, Dreaming of Anna, Miesque's Approval, Thor's Echo, Red Rocks

Election of Interest

2008 Barack Obama becomes the first African-American to be elected President of the United States, defeating Republican candidate John McCain

  • 2009 Baseball World Series: NY Yankees beat Philadelphia Phillies, 7-3 in Game 6 at Yankee Stadium to win Bronx Bombers' record 27th title; MVP: NY outfielder Hideki Matsui
  • 2011 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Churchill Downs; Day 1 winners: Secret Circle, Stephanie's Kitten, Musical Romance, My Miss Aurelia, Perfect Shirl, Royal Delta
  • 2012 Bishop Tawadros appointed as the 118th Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church
  • 2012 Syrian rebels capture a major oil field in Deir ez-Zor Governorate
  • 2012 Federation Cup Women's Tennis, Prague, Czech Republic: Lucie Šafářová beats Jelena Janković of Serbia 6-1, 6-1 to give the home team a 3-1 win in the final
  • 2014 The US votes in mid-term elections: Republicans retain the house & regain the Senate

Battle of Interest

2014 Ukraine President Petro Poroshenko orders army reinforcements to key southern and eastern cities to combat potential rebel offensive

  • 2014 The body of the last missing victim is found on board the wrecked Costa Concordia, during its dismantling in Genoa
  • 2014 Tim Scott becomes the first African-American Senator in the south since the Reconstruction
  • 2014 Protectionist wins the 2014 Melbourne Cup
  • 2015 Romanian Prime Minister Victor Ponta announces his resignation after protests over a Bucharest nightclub fire that killed 32

Historic Event

2015 Justin Trudeau sworn in as Canadian Prime Minister with a cabinet split equally between men and women

Music History

2015 Katy Perry is the highest paid musician of the year, earning $135 million, according to Forbes Magazine