Historical Events on November 6

Roman Empire

355 Roman Emperor Constantius II proclaims his cousin Julian as Caesar

  • 1153 Treaty of Wallingford (Oxfordshire) signed between King Stephen and the Empress Maude (aka Matilda)
  • 1282 Battle of Menai Straits (Moel-y-don): forces of Edward I defeated as they try to cross a pontoon bridge during their reconquor of Wales
  • 1528 Shipwrecked Spanish conquistador Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca becomes first known European to set foot in Texas
  • 1534 Zealand hit by heavy storm
  • 1572 Supernova is observed in constellation known as Cassiopeia
  • 1657 Brandenburg & Poland sign unity of Bromberg

Historic Event

1789 Pope Pius VI appoints Father John Carroll as the first Catholic bishop in the United States

  • 1792 Battle of Jemappes: French army beats Holy Roman Empire
  • 1813 Chilpancingo congress declares Mexico independent of Spain
  • 1844 Spain grants Dominican Republic independence
  • 1850 1st Hawaiian fire engine
  • 1850 Yerba Buena & Angel Islands (San Francisco Bay) reserved for military use

Election of Interest

1860 Republican Abraham Lincoln of Illinois elected the 16th President of the United States of America

Election of Interest

1861 Jefferson Davis elected to 6 year term as US Confederate President

  • 1862 New York-San Francisco direct telegraphic link forms
  • 1863 Battle of Rogersville, Tennessee, Confederates recapture Rogersville
  • 1864 Battle of Droop Mountain, West Virginia (Averell's Raid)
  • 1865 American Civil War: CSS Shenandoah is the last Confederate combat unit to surrender after circumnavigating the globe, on its cruise that sank or captured 37 vessels
  • 1865 Maastricht-Venlo railway opens in Netherlands
  • 1869 1st US college football game, players used their hands or feet, Rutgers 6 Princeton 4
  • 1871 Cameroon reaches coast of Angola after trip through Africa

Theater Premiere

1878 Henrik Ibsen's play "Samfundets Stotter" (pillars of Society) premieres in Oslo

  • 1879 Canada celebrates 1st Thanksgiving Day
  • 1883 NYAC organizes 1st American cross-country championship race
  • 1884 British protectorate proclaimed over southeast New Guinea
  • 1884 Montreal Foot Ball Club (QFRU) defeats Toronto Argonauts (ORFU) 30-0 in 1st CRFU Championship game
  • 1885 US mint at Carson City, Nevada, directed to close

Election of Interest

1888 Benjamin Harrison (R-Sen-Ind) beats President Grover Cleveland (D), 233 electoral votes to 168, Cleveland receives slightly more votes

  • 1900 Battle at Bothaville: Major General Charles Knox beats Boers
  • 1903 USA recognizes independence of Panama

Election of Interest

1906 Charles Evans Hughes (R) elected NY Governor beating William Randolph Hearst

  • 1906 Chinese Government ministries are reorganized as part of the movement towards constitutional government; but in fact the Manchu princes retain control and there is little gain for the Chinese people
  • 1908 Leonid Andreyev's "Dui Nashey Zhizni" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1910 SDAP/NVV initiate campaign for general males/female suffrage
  • 1911 Francisco Madeiro inaugurated President of Mexico

Historic Event

1913 Mahatma Gandhi arrested for leading Indian miners' march in South Africa

  • 1914 The British land troops (mostly from the Indian Army) at the head of the Persian Gulf in Mesopotamia, and will begin to move westward in an attempt to draw Turkish troops from other fronts
  • 1915 1st military flight in Dutch East Indies (Tandjong Priok)
  • 1915 Sophokles Skouloudis forms Greek government
  • 1917 New York State adopts a constitutional amendment giving women the right to vote in state elections

Red October

1917 [OS Oct 24] Bolshevik revolution begins with bombardment of the Winter Palace in Petrograd during the Russian October Revolution

  • 1918 Republic of Poland proclaimed
  • 1918 Supreme commander of the army General Cutters resigns
  • 1918 WWI: On the Western Front, Germany is now retreating as French and American troops cross the Meuse and move to take Sedan
  • 1919 1st Dutch radio program: Soirée Musicale with "Turf in you(r) ransel"
  • 1923 USSR adopts experimental calendar, with 5-day "weeks"
  • 1928 Clevelanders vote to build a stadium with city bonds
  • 1928 Colonel Jacob Schick patents 1st electric razor

Election of Interest

1928 Republican candidate Herbert Hoover is elected President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate Al Smith

  • 1928 Swedes start a tradition of eating Gustavus Adolphus pastries to commemorate the king
  • 1929 Providence Steam Roller become first NFL team to host a game at night under floodlights; lose 16-0 against the Chicago Cardinals at the Cycledrome, Providence, RI
  • 1932 German election - KPD defeats NSDAP
  • 1934 NFL Philadelphia Eagles beat Cincinnati Reds 64-0
  • 1935 1st test flight of Hawker Hurricane fighter aircraft
  • 1936 RCA displays TV for press

Theater Premiere

1936 Terence Rattigan's play "French Without Tears" premieres in London

  • 1938 3 DiMaggio brothers play together for 1st time, in a charity all-star game
  • 1939 WGY-TV (Schenectady, NY), 1st commercial TV station, begins service
  • 1939 World War II: 'Sonderaktion Krakau' - a Nazi operation against academics, with 184 professors arrested in Krakow and deported
  • 1939 WRGB TV channel 6 in Schenectady-Alby-Troy, NY (CBS) 1st broadcast

Election of Interest

1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt re-elected US President

  • 1941 Einsatz Gruppe kills 15,000 Jews of Rovno Ukraine
  • 1941 USA lends Soviet Union $1 million
  • 1942 Nazis kill 12,000 Jews in the Minsk ghetto

Historic Event

1942 Sukarno & Mohammed Hatta found Ampat Serangkai

  • 1943 "Catulli Carmina (Songs of Catullus)", the second work of Carl Orff's Trionfi cantata trilogy premieres at the Leipzig Opera
  • 1943 Soviet forces reconquer Kiev
  • 1943 Soviet troops land on Kertsj peninsula
  • 1945 House Committee on Un-American Activities begins investigation of 7 radio commentators
  • 1945 The first landing of a jet on a carrier takes place on USS Wake Island when an FR-1 Fireball touches down

Historic Event

1946 Karol Wojtyla (future Pope John Paul II) holds his first Mass as newly ordained Catholic priest in Wawel Cathedral's crypt

  • 1947 NBC's "Meet the Press" debuts - US's longest running TV show
  • 1949 Greek civil war ends after 3 years with defeat of communist factions

Contract of Interest

1950 Branch Rickey signs 5-yr contract as VP/GM of Pittsburgh Pirates

  • 1950 Chinese offensive halts at Chongchon River, North Korea
  • 1950 King Tribhuvana of Nepal flees to India

Music History

1952 Dmitri Shostakovich's cantata "About our Fatherland" premieres

  • 1953 French National Meeting grants Saarland more autonomy
  • 1953 Masao Oki's symphony "Atomic Bomb" premieres
  • 1955 Ryder Cup Golf, Thunderbird Ranch & CC: US wins 8-4; Chick Harbert captains Americans to 7th consecutive event victory
  • 1955 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Election of Interest

1956 Dwight D. Eisenhower is re-elected President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate Adlai Stevenson

  • 1956 Netherlands and Spain withdraw from Olympics in protest against Soviet actions in the Hungarian Revolution
  • 1956 Suez Crisis: British Royal Marines storm Port Said in Egypt amid growing domestic and international opposition to the Anglo-French-Israeli military operation
  • 1957 Ernest G. Schweikert and Frank Reardo's musical "Rumple", starring Eddie Foy, Jr opens at Alvin Theater, NYC; runs for 45 performances
  • 1957 Felix Gaillard becomes Prime Minister of France
  • 1958 AL announces that KC will play AL record 52 night games in 1959
  • 1958 Belgium government of Eyskens & Lilar forms
  • 1961 US government issues a stamp honoring 100th birthday of James Naismith (invented game of basketball - actually Canadian)
  • 1962 BART bond issue just gets by with a 66.9% favorable vote
  • 1962 Edward M. Kennedy 1st elected as Democratic Senator for Massachusetts

Election of Interest

1962 Edward W. Brooke (R) elected attorney general of Massachusetts

  • 1962 Saudi Arabia proclaims abolition of slavery
  • 1962 Statue of Joseph Stalin in Prague is removed as part of de-Stalinzation efforts
  • 1962 UN General Assembly adopts resolution condemning South Africa
  • 1964 WEIQ TV channel 42 in Mobile, AL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1966 1st entire lineup televised in color (NBC)
  • 1966 Lunar Orbiter 2 launched
  • 1967 Bridge at Annabaai crashes on Willemstad, Curacao, kills 15
  • 1967 US launches Surveyor 6; makes soft landing on Moon Nov 9
  • 1968 Psychedelic feature film "Head" starring the Monkees premieres in New York City
  • 1968 Students of San Francisco State Counsel go on strike

Sports History

1969 Inaugural Cy Young Award is a tie between Mike Cuellar and Denny McLain

  • 1970 Twins Jim Perry wins AL Cy Young Award

Musical Finale

1971 Claibe Richardson and Kenward Elmslie's musical "The Grass Harp", based on the novel by Truman Capote, closes at Martin Beck Theater, NYC, after 7 performances

  • 1971 US performs underground nuclear test at Amchitka Island Aleutians
  • 1973 Abe Beame elected 1st Jewish mayor of NYC
  • 1973 Coleman Young elected Mayor of Detroit

Film & TV History

1973 James Bond film "Man With the Golden Gun" starring Roger Moore begins filming

  • 1974 Dodger Mike Marshall is 1st relief pitcher to win Cy Young Award

Music Premiere

1975 First performance by punk band the Sex Pistols at St Martins College, London

  • 1975 Revival of "Hello, Dolly" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 51 performances
  • 1976 Benjamin Hooks elected to succeed Roy Wilkins as executive director of NAACP
  • 1976 Former Twins relief ace Bill Campbell is 1st free-agent to sign with a new team, joining the Red Sox for $1 million over 4 years
  • 1977 39 killed in an earthen dam burst at Toccoa Falls Bible College, Ga
  • 1977 Revival of hippie musical "Hair" closes at Biltmore Theater, NYC, after 43 performances

Historic Event

1978 Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi places the country under military rule; General Gholām Reza Azhāri forms government

Boxing Title Fight

1981 Larry Holmes TKOs Renaldo Snipes in 11 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1983 Discovery transported to Vandenberg AFB, California
  • 1983 Tampa Bay Buccaneer James Wilder rushes for 219 yards vs Minnesota Vikings
  • 1983 Turkey Turgut Özals Moederland party wins elections

Election of Interest

1984 Incumbent Republican President Ronald Reagan re-elected President of the United States in a landslide; wins 49 states, and defeats Democrat Walter Mondale

  • 1984 Willie Hernandez wins AL MVP Award
  • 1985 22nd NASA Space Shuttle Mission (61-A): Challenger 9 lands at Edwards AFB
  • 1985 Exploratory well in Ranger, Texas, blows out, spilling 150,000 bbl (24,000 m3) of crude oil
  • 1985 M-19 guerrillas occupy Palace of Justice Bogota Colombia
  • 1985 Space shuttle Challenger lands at Edwards Air Force Base, California
  • 1986 "Just Like the First Time" second studio album by Freddie Jackson is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1987)
  • 1986 Houston's Mike Scott (18-10) wins NL Cy Young
  • 1986 President Reagan signs landmark immigration reform bill
  • 1986 Rev Donald Wildmon begins a campaign against Howard Stern
  • 1988 Japan & MLB all stars played to a 6-6 draw (Game 2 of 7)

Sports History

1988 Steve Jones wins 19th NYC men's marathon (2:08:20); Grete Waitz wins record 9th women's title

  • 1989 US marshals & FCC seize pirate radio station WJPL in Brooklyn

Album Release

1990 "I'm Your Baby Tonight" 3rd studio album by Whitney Houston is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1991)

Film & TV History

1990 Arsenio Hall gets a star on Hollywood's Walk of Fame

  • 1990 Braves' Dave Justice wins NL Rookie of Year
  • 1990 Fire destroys some of Universal Studios' stages
  • 1990 Guam Republican governor Joseph Ada re-elected
  • 1990 Iran's oil-producing region suffers a serious earthquake
  • 1991 "Moscow Circus Cirk Valentin" opens at Gershwin NYC for 32 performances
  • 1991 Grand Duke Vladimir Kirillovitsj returns to St Petersburg
  • 1991 Keck II, biggest telescope in use at Mauna Kea Hawaii
  • 1991 Maximus 2.0 BBS released
  • 1991 Robert M Gates, becomes 15th director of CIA

Historic Event

1991 Russian President Boris Yeltsin outlaws the Communist Party

Kuwaiti Oil Fires

1991 The last oil fire in Kuwait set by retreating Iraqi troops is extinguished

  • 1993 Actor Howard Rollins arrested for drunk driving
  • 1993 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Santa Anita Racetrack; winners: Arcangues, Brocco, Cardmania, Hollywood Wildcat, Kotashaan, Lure, Phone Chatter

Boxing Title Fight

1993 Evander Holyfield beats Riddick Bowe in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1994 24th NYC Women's Marathon won by Tegla Loroupe in 2:27:37
  • 1994 25th NYC Marathon won by German Silva in 2:11:21
  • 1994 Emomali Rachmonov recognized as president of Tadzjikistan
  • 1995 Art Modell officially announces Cleveland Browns are moving to Baltimore, Maryland


1995 Israel buries Yitzhak Rabin, assassinated by Jewish extremist Yigal Amir who opposed peace with Palestinians

Film Premiere

1996 "The English Patient" based on the novel by Michael Ondaatje, directed by Anthony Minghella and starring Ralph Fiennes, Juliette Binoche and Kristen Scott Thomas premieres in Los Angeles (Best Picture 1997)

  • 1996 LA Dodger Todd Hollandsworth wins NL Rookie of Year
  • 1997 "Proposals" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 76 performances
  • 1997 SF Giants manager Dusty Baker named NL Manager of the Year
  • 1999 4th Rugby World Cup Final, Millennium Stadium, Cardiff: Wallabies fullback Matt Burke lands 7 penalties and 2 conversions as Australia beats France, 35-12
  • 1999 Australians vote to keep the British monarch as their head of state in the Australian republic referendum.
  • 1999 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Gulfstream Park; winners: Cat Thief, Anees, Beautiful Pleasure, Daylami, Silic, Soaring Softly, Cash Run, Artax
  • 2001 Crude oil for December delivery on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) falls to a two-year low after OPEC members warn that a downward price spiral could occur if major non-OPEC oil exporters do not reduce oil production
  • 2001 TV drama series "24" starring Kiefer Sutherland premieres on Fox
  • 2002 12 people are killed in a fire on board a train headed for Vienna from Paris.
  • 2004 An express train collides with a stationary car near the village of Ufton Nervet, England, killing 6 and injuring 150.
  • 2004 Russian owned, Liberian flagged tanker 'Tropical Brilliance' gets stuck in the Suez Canal for 3 days, blocking all traffic

Film Premiere

2005 "Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire", the 4th film based on the books by J. K. Rowling, premieres in London. Goes on to become most successful film of the year, earning almost US$ 900 million.

  • 2005 The Evansville Tornado of November 2005 kills 25 in Northwestern Kentucky and Southwestern Indiana.
  • 2005 The military junta of Myanmar (Burma) begins moving its government ministries from Yangon to Pyinmana.

Historic Event

2007 London's St Pancras station with new high speed extension and Eurostar connection officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II

  • 2009 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Santa Anita Racetrack; Day 1 winners: Man of Iron, Tapitsfly, She Be Wild, Midday, Informed Decision, Life Is Sweet
  • 2009 Mapungubwe Interpretation Centre in South Africa, designed by Peter Rich, wins World Building of the Year at the World Architecture Festival in Barcelona

Historic Event

2009 President Barack Obama signs congressional resolution conferring honorary U.S. citizenship to Revolutionary War hero Casimir Pulaski

  • 2010 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Churchill Downs; Day 2 winners: Pluck, Big Drama, Chamberlain Bridge, Uncle Mo, Goldikova, Dakota Phone, Dangerous Midge, Blame
  • 2011 Federation Cup Women's Tennis, Moscow, Russia: Czech pair Lucie Hradecká & Květa Peschke beats Maria Kirilenko & Elena Vesnina of Russia to clinch a 3-2 win for the visitors in the final
  • 2012 5 people are shot at a poultry processing plant in Fresno, California

Election of Interest

2012 Barack Obama is re-elected as US President, defeating Republican candidate Mitt Romney

Historic Event

2012 Elizabeth Warren becomes the first female Senator from Massachusetts

  • 2012 Green Moon wins the Melbourne Cup race at Flemington
  • 2012 Tammy Duckworth becomes the first disabled woman and first person born in Thailand to be elected to US Congress, representing Illinois
  • 2013 15 people are killed after a suicide bombing in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013 8 people are killed and 50 are injured by a suicide bombing in Damascus, Syria
  • 2016 Indian government declares levels of air pollution in Delhi an emergency situation, closing schools and construction sites
  • 2016 New York City Marathon: Ghirmay Ghebreslassie of Eritrea wins men's race in 2:07:51; defending women's champion Mary Keitany wins her 3rd NYC crown in 2:24:26

Election of Interest

2018 Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (New York) is the youngest person ever elected to the US House of representatives at 29 years

Film & TV History

2018 British actor Idris Elba named "People" magazine's Sexiest Man Alive

  • 2018 Colorado elects Jared Polis, the country's first openly male gay governor
  • 2018 Colorado votes to abolish slavery as a form of punishment in state constitution

Historic Event

2018 Great Britain's Prince Charles calls slavery "an indelible stain" but stops short of an apology in a speech in Accra, Ghana

  • 2018 Human longevity less than 10% dependent on genetics according to study published in journal "Genetics" based on 400 million people from Ancestry.com
  • 2018 Ilhan Omar (Minnesota) and Rashida Tlaib (Michigan) are the first Muslim women to be elected to the US House of Representatives
  • 2018 In US Midterm elections Democrats retake control of the House of Representatives after eight years, the Senate is held by Republicans
  • 2018 More than 200 mass graves containing thousands of victims of ISIS discovered in former ISIS held areas according to UN report
  • 2018 Record 19 black female judicial candidates all elected in Harris County, Texas, after campaigning together under "Black Girl Magic"