On This Day

Historical Events on November 7

  • 680 3rd Council of Constantinople (6th ecumenical council) opens
  • 921 Treaty of Bonn: East France & West France recognize each other
  • 1492 Ensisheim Meteorite strikes a wheat field near the village of Ensisheim in Alsace, France. Oldest meteorite with a known date of impact.
  • 1519 University of Leuven convicts teaching of Luther

Historic Event

1558 French King Henry II occupies Calais

  • 1631 Pierre Gassendi observes 1st ever transit of Mercury predicted by Kepler
  • 1637 Anne Hutchinson tried in Massachusetts Bay Colony as a heretic

Historic Event

1651 King Louis XIV of France (13) declared of full age

  • 1659 The Treaty of the Pyrenees signed by representatives of French King Louis XIV & Spanish king Philip IV
  • 1665 1st edition of "London Gazette" published as "The Oxford Gazette"

Historic Event

1667 Jean Racine's "Andromaque" premieres in Paris

  • 1722 Richard Steele's "Conscious Lovers" premieres in London
  • 1733 France & Spain sign the Treaty of the Escorial (the first 'Pacte de Famille' between the Bourbon kings of France and Spain)

Historic Event

1742 Empress Elizabeth of Russia proclaims her nephew Peter of Holstein-Gottorp (later Peter III) her heir

  • 1747 Organgist in Netherlands revolt under Daniel Raap
  • 1775 Lord Dunmore promises freedom to male slaves who join British army
  • 1786 The oldest musical organization in the United States is founded in Boston, Massachusetts as the Stoughton Musical Society
  • 1794 French troops conquer Nijmegen
  • 1800 It becomes illegal for women in Paris to wear trousers without a Police permit (annulled 2013)

Victory in Battle

1811 Battle of Tippecanoe: Gen. William Henry Harrison defeats the Native Americans of the Tecumesh Confederation

  • 1814 1st sitting of States-general in Hague

Election of Interest

1820 James Monroe re-elected US president

  • 1824 St Petersburg floods to 4.20m, city's greatest flood
  • 1831 State of Gran Colombia disbands
  • 1837 In Alton, Illinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy shot dead (age 34) by pro-slavery mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.

Election of Interest

1848 General Zachary Taylor elected as 12th President of US

Victory in Battle

1861 Battle of Belmont, fought in Mississippi County, Missouri begins, first combat test for Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant, Union victory (US Civil War)

  • 1861 Battle of Port Royal, fought in Port Royal Sound, South Carolina ends, Union forces capture Fort Walker and Fort Beauregard (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Battles of Rappahannock Station & Kelly's Ford, Virginia
  • 1864 2nd session of congress of Confederate States of America reconvenes
  • 1872 Cargo ship Mary Celeste sails from Staten Island for Genoa; mysteriously found abandoned four weeks later

Republican Party

1874 1st cartoon depicting elephant as Republican Party symbol, by Thomas Nast

  • 1875 Verney Cameron is 1st European to cross equatorial Africa
  • 1876 Edward Bouchet is 1st African American to receive a Ph.D from a US college (Yale)
  • 1876 Meharry Medical College forms at Central Tennessee College

Election of Interest

1876 President Rutherford B. Hayes and challenger Samuel J. Tilden claim presidential victory as Tilden (D) wins popular vote but Electoral College votes are disputed with Hayes (R)

  • 1885 Canadian Pacific Railway completed at Craigellachie
  • 1893 US State Colorado accepts female suffrage
  • 1900 Battle of Leliefontein, a battle during which the Royal Canadian Dragoons win three Victoria Crosses.

Historic Event

1900 In Canada, the Liberal Government led by Wilfrid Laurier retains its majority

  • 1901 A French fleet seizes the customs house on the Turkish-ruled island of Mytilene after Turks refuse to settle France's indemnity claims for losses suffered by French subjects in 1896

Music Premiere

1904 George M. Cohan's 1st full-length musical "Little Johnny Jones", featuring the songs "Yankee Doodle Dandy" and "Give My Regards To Broadway", opens at the Liberty Theatre, NYC; runs for 52 performances be before going on tour

  • 1907 Dynamite explodes on locomotive kills engineer Jesus Garcia in Mexico
  • 1907 Test tokens are struck in 1st production of Canadian coins

Foundation of Delta Sigma Pi

1907 Delta Sigma Pi, a professional fraternity organized to foster the study of business in universities is founded at New York University.

  • 1908 Dutch capture Venezuelan navy
  • 1909 Knights of St Peter Claver founded in Mobile, Alabama; Ladies Auxiliary formed in 1922
  • 1910 The first air freight shipment (from Dayton, Ohio, to Columbus, Ohio) is undertaken by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse.

Music Concert

1912 The Deutsche Opernhaus (now Deutsche Oper Berlin) opens in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg, with a production of Beethoven's Fidelio

  • 1914 Japanese attack German concession on Chinese peninsula of Shanghai
  • 1914 The first issue of The New Republic magazine is published.
  • 1914 The German colony of Kiaochow Bay and its centre at Tsingtao are captured by Japanese forces.
  • 1916 Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolayevich warns Tsar of uprising

Election of Interest

1916 Jeannette Rankin (Rep-R-Montana) is elected to Congress as its first woman Representative

Election of Interest

1916 Amidst the Mexican Revolution and World War I, Woodrow Wilson is re-elected as President of the United States, defeating Republican candidate Charles E. Hughes

  • 1917 British capture Gaza, Palestine, from Turks

Red October

1917 [OS Oct 25] October Revolution in Russia; Lenin and the Bolsheviks seize power, capture the Winter Palace and overthrow the Provisional Government.

Historic Event

1917 The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic is proclaimed; first Council of People's Commissars is formed with Vladimir Lenin as leader and including Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin

Historic Invention

1918 Robert Goddard demonstrates tube-launched solid propellant rockets

  • 1918 Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Misteriya Buff" premieres in Petrograd

The 1918 Flu Pandemic

1918 The 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year

  • 1918 Kurt Eisner overthrows the Wittelsbach dynasty in the Kingdom of Bavaria as a revolutionary uprising spreads throughout Germany
  • 1919 US police raid offices of Union of Russian Workers
  • 1921 Ed Wynn's musical revue "The Perfect Fool" premieres in NYC
  • 1921 Hungary passes a law invalidating the Habsburg line of succession to the throne
  • 1925 Italians liberal-national party joins fascist
  • 1929 Museum of Modern Art opens in Hecksher Building in New York

Historic Event

1931 Chinese People's Republic proclaimed by Mao Zedong

  • 1932 1st broadcast of "Buck Rogers in the 25th century" on CBS-radio
  • 1933 Pennsylvania voters overturn blue law, by permitting Sunday sports
  • 1933 Fiorello H. La Guardia is elected the 99th mayor of New York City.
  • 1934 Arthur L. Mitchell, becomes first African American Democratic US congressman (Illinois)

Historic Event

1935 Addressing a meeting of Stakhanovites, Joseph Stalin utters his famous phrase "life has become better"

  • 1936 Battle of Madrid begins
  • 1940 Stravinsky's Symfonie in C premieres in Chicago
  • 1940 Tacoma Narrows (Galloping Gertie) Bridge collapses, Wash
  • 1941 British air attacks on Berlin, Mannheim & Ruhrgebied

Historic Communication

1942 1st US President to broadcast in a foreign language - FDR, in French

  • 1942 Italian cyclist Fausto Coppi establishes world hour record 45.798km in Vigorelli, Milan, Italy
  • 1943 Detroit Lions 0, NY Giants 0; last scoreless tie in NFL
  • 1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt is re-elected President of the United States for a record fourth term, defeating Republican candidate Thomas E. Dewey
  • 1944 Train crashes in tunnel of Aguadilla Spain; about 500 die
  • 1946 Katherine Dunham's song and dance revue "Bal Nègre" opens at Belasco Theater, NYC; runs for 54 performances
  • 1949 King Faruk disbands Egyptian parliament
  • 1950 Carlo Terron's "Processo Agli Innocenti" premieres in Milan
  • 1950 French women & children leaves Hanoi/Tonkin-delta
  • 1951 Constitution of Jordan passes
  • 1953 WIS TV channel 10 in Columbia, SC (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 US spy plane shot down North of Japan
  • 1954 Cleveland Browns' Chet Hanulak sets club record with 7 punt returns & win by their largest margin of victory (59) beating Wash 62-3
  • 1955 Supreme Court of Baltimore bans segregation in public recreational areas

United Nations

1956 Suez Crisis ends with a ceasefire as the United Nations Emergency Force is established at instigation of Canadian diplomat Lester B. Pearson and UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld

  • 1957 Phillies pitcher Jack Sanford wins NL Rookie of Year
  • 1957 WEEQ (now WWTO) TV channel 35 in La Salle, IL (IND) 1st broadcast
  • 1957 Cold War: The Gaither Report calls for more American missiles and fallout shelters.

Ryder Cup

1959 Ryder Cup Golf, Eldorado GC: Sam Snead leads US to comprehensive 8½-3½ win

  • 1960 KNRR TV channel 12 in Pembina, ND (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1961 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria

Election of Interest

1962 Richard Nixon tells press he won't be available to kick around any more after losing election for Governor of California

NHL Record

1962 Glenn Hall set NHL record of 503 consecutive games as goalie

  • 1963 Carole Joan Crawford, 20, wins Miss World
  • 1963 New York Yankee catcher Elston Howard is first African-American to be voted AL MVP
  • 1963 Wunder von Lengede: In Germany, eleven miners are rescued from a collapsed mine after 14 days.
  • 1964 NL keeps Braves in Milwaukee in 1965, may move to Atlanta in 1966

Meeting of Interest

1966 John Lennon meets Yoko Ono at an avante-garde art exposition at Indica Gallery in London [1]

  • 1966 Jean-Claude van Itallie's "America Hurrah" premieres in NYC
  • 1966 Lunar Orbiter 2 launched by US
  • 1967 Carl Stokes elected first African American mayor of a major US city - Cleveland, Ohio

Historic Event

1967 LBJ signs a bill establishing Corporation for Public Broadcasting

  • 1967 Richard G Hatcher elected 1st African-American mayor of Gary, Indiana, served 1968-88
  • 1967 St Louis Cards Orlando Cepeda is 1st unanimous NL MVP
  • 1967 Surveyor 6 launched for soft landing on Moon
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1969 John Lennon and Yoko Ono release their second album "Wedding Album" in UK
  • 1970 "Purlie" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 689 performances
  • 1970 Race riots in Daytona Beach Florida
  • 1970 Argentine boxer Carlos Monzon upsets defending champion Nino Benvenuti of Italy in 12th round KO in Rome to win WBC, WBA middleweight titles

Election of Interest

1972 Attorney Joe Biden is elected to the US Senate, representing the state of Delaware after defeating longtime incumbent J.Caleb Boggs by just over 3,000 votes; Biden would win re-election 6 times

  • 1972 Incumbent President Richard Nixon is re-elected, defeating Democrat candidate George McGovern in a landslide by winning 49 states
  • 1973 NJ becomes 1st state to allow girls into little league
  • 1973 US & Egypt announce restoration of full diplomatic links
  • 1975 Kidnapped AKZO director Herrema freed in Ireland
  • 1975 8th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at El Cortez Hotel

Film & TV History

1976 "Gone With The Wind", 1939 Oscar-winning film epic starring Vivien Leigh and Clark Gable, makes broadcast television debut on NBC; aired in two parts over consecutive nights; earns a then record 65% share of TV viewers

  • 1978 Boston Red Sox Jim Rice wins AL MVP
  • 1978 CDA-chairman W Aantjes resigns due to his war past
  • 1978 Marion Barry Jr. elected as Washington, D.C.'s first African American mayor
  • 1979 Cub reliever Bruce Sutter wins NL Cy Young Award
  • 1981 France performs nuclear test
  • 1982 "Your Arms are Too Short to Box" closes at Alvin NYC after 69 performances
  • 1982 Turkey adopts constitution
  • 1983 Ali Haji-Sheikh kicks his 2nd NY Giant record 56 yard field goal
  • 1983 Bomb explodes in US Capitol, causing heavy damage but no injuries
  • 1984 STS 51-A launch scrubbed because of high shear winds
  • 1985 Colombian troops end 27-hr siege of Bogota's Palace of Justice
  • 1987 Tunisian premier Zine al-Abidine fires president Habib Bourguiba
  • 1988 MLB all stars beats Japan 16-8 (Game 3 of 7)

Sports History

1988 Sugar Ray Leonard KO's Donnie LaLonde

  • 1989 Balt's Gregg Olson is 1st relief pitcher to win AL Rookie of Year
  • 1989 NYC elects it's 1st African American mayor (David Dinkins) & 1st female comptroller (Elizabeth Holtzman)
  • 1990 "Little Night Music" closes at New York State NYC after 11 performances
  • 1990 "Those Were The Days" opens at Edison Theater NYC for 126 performances
  • 1990 Cleveland Indian Sandy Alomar Jr wins AL Rookie of Year, unanimously
  • 1990 Mary Robinson elected as 1st female president of Ireland
  • 1991 "Brigadoon" opens at New York State Theater NYC for 12 performances
  • 1991 "Park Your Car in Harvard Yard" opens at Music Box NYC
  • 1991 1st NBA game in Delta City, Utah Jazz beats Seattle 103-95

Sports History

1991 Magic Johnson announces he has HIV virus & retires from LA Lakers

  • 1992 1st NBA game at America West Arena, Phoenix Suns beat Clippers 111-105

Sports History

1993 French Williams driver Alain Prost finishes 2nd in season ending Australian Grand Prix in Adelaide to claim his 4th F1 World Drivers Championship by 26 points from Ayrton Senna; Prost announces his retirement from F1 racing

  • 1995 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Pittsburgh PA on WXDX 105.9 FM

Historic Publication

1995 Howard Stern's second book "Miss America" released (fastest selling ever)

  • 1996 "3 Sisters" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC
  • 1996 Ex-NFL running back and Heisman Trophy winner Mike Rozier, is shot several times in his hometown of Camden, New Jersey; recovers
  • 1996 Wasim Jaffer gets 314* in 2nd cricket FC game for Mumbai v Saurashtra

Film Release

1997 "Bean" film directed by Mel Smith and starring Rowan Atkinson as Mr. Bean opens in the US

  • 1998 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Churchill Downs; winners: Awesome Again, Answer Lively, Escena, Buck's Boy, Da Hoss, Silverbulletday, Reraise

Election of Interest

2000 Controversial US presidential election between George W. Bush and Al Gore is inconclusive; the result, in Bush's favor, is eventually resolved by the Supreme Court

  • 2000 The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration discovers one of the country's largest LSD labs inside a converted military missile silo in Wamego, Kansas

Election of Interest

2000 Hillary Clinton is elected to the US Senate, becoming first US First Lady to win public office and while still the First Lady

Historic Event

2000 Margaret Atwood wins the Booker Prize for her novel "The Blind Assassin"

Album Release

2000 "TP-2.com" 4th studio album by R. Kelly is released (American Music Awards Favorite Male Soul/R&B Artist, 2001; Billboard Album of the Year, 2001)

Election of Interest

2000 Tim Russert famously declares the outcome of the 2000 Presidential election will depend on "Florida, Florida, Florida" during NBC coverage

  • 2001 The supersonic commercial aircraft Concorde resumes flying after a 15-month hiatus.

Music Awards

2001 35th Country Music Association Award: Tim McGraw, Lee Ann Womack & Toby Keith win

  • 2002 Iran bans advertising of products from the United States
  • 2004 War in Iraq: The interim government of Iraq calls for a 60-day "state of emergency" as U.S. forces storm the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.
  • 2007 Jokela school shooting in Tuusula, Finland, resulting in the death of nine people.

Music Awards

2007 41st Country Music Association Award: Kenny Chesney, Carrie Underwood & Brad Paisley wins

  • 2009 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Santa Anita Racetrack; Day 2 winners: Pounced, California Flag, Dancing In Silks, Vale of York, Goldikova, Furthest Land, Conduit, Zenyatta
  • 2010 Federation Cup Women's Tennis, San Diego, California: Flavia Pennetta of Italy beats American CoCo Vandeweghe 6-1, 6-2 to wrap up a 3-1 win and 3rd title for the Italians
  • 2012 48 people are killed by a magnitude 7.3 earthquake in Guatemala
  • 2012 Voters in Maine, Maryland and Washington approve measures for same-sex marriage
  • 2015 Sierra Leone is declared free of Ebola by the World Health Organization (death toll 4,000)
  • 2017 South Korean golfer Park Sung-hyun becomes the first LPGA rookie to be ranked no. 1
  • 2017 Melbourne Cup: Joseph O’Brien at 24 is the youngest trainer to win with Rekindling jockeyed by Corey Brown
  • 2017 Extreme smog in Delhi, India, leads Indian Medical Association to declare "a state of medical emergency"
  • 2017 US Democrats dominate off-year elections; Ralph Northam wins Governor of Virginia, Philip Murphy Governor of New Jersey
  • 2017 Danica Roem becomes the first US transgender person to be elected to a state legislature in the US in North Virginia
  • 2017 Opera soprano Audrey Luna sings highest-ever note at Met Opera in New York, A above high C
  • 2018 Ex-marine opens fire at a bar in Thousand Oaks, California, shooting 12, including a police officer, and himself
  • 2018 For second straight year France wins Six Nations Rugby Championship on points difference from Ireland, with a final round 46-19 win over Scotland at Stade de France, Saint Denis; Ireland again takes Triple Crown

Historic Event

2018 US President Donald Trump fires Attorney General Jeff Sessions and appoints Matthew Whitaker in his place as acting Attorney General

  • 2018 World's oldest figurative painting of a beast at least 40,000 years old identified in Lubang Jeriji Saléh cave, Indonesian Borneo

Knighthood

2018 Actress Emma Thompson is made a Dame of the British Empire by Prince William at Buckingham Palace, London

  • 2019 Humans 1st walked upright 12 million years ago (not 6 million as previously thought), according to study a new species of ape found in Bavaria, Germany, published in "Nature"

Historic Event

2019 Queen Elizabeth II confirms she is no longer buying clothes made with real fur

  • 2019 Congolese rebel leader Bosco Ntaganda, the "Terminator" is the to be convicted of sexual slavery by the International Criminal Court and is sentenced to 30 years in prison on 18 charges
  • 2019 Song lyrics have gotten sadder says researchers who studied 50 years of lyrics at University of Exeter, published in journal "Evolutionary Human Sciences"
  • 2020 Former Vice-President Joe Biden declared the winner of the US Presidential race, four days after the US election, defeating sitting President Donald Trump

Election of Interest

2020 Kamala Harris makes US history as the 1st woman and 1st woman of color to be elected to the vice presidency (date election called)

Historic Event

2020 Rudy Giuliani holds infamous Trump Campaign press conference at Four Seasons Total Landscaping in Philadelphia to contest the US election results

Hall of Fame

2020 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees: Depeche Mode; The Doobie Brothers; Whitney Houston; Nine Inch Nails; The Notorious B.I.G.; T-Rex; Jon Landau; and Irving Azoff

  • 2020 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Keeneland Racetrack; Day 2 winners: Gamine, Glass Slippers, Knicks Go, Audarya, Whitmore, Order of Australia, Monomoy, Tarnawa, Authentic
  • 2021 Attempt to assassinate Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi through drone attack on his home in Baghdad