Historical Events on October 1

Events 1 - 200 of 362

Victory in Battle

331 BC Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela

  • 366 St Damasus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 704 Aengibald gives away bishop Willibrord estate in Waalre
  • 911 During a siege in Constantinople, the Theotokos (Mary, the mother of Jesus) appeared at the church in Blachernae holding her veil over the praying faithful, among them St. Andrew of Constantinople.
  • 959 Edgar I, the Peaceful, becomes king of all England
  • 965 John XIII Crescentii elected to succeed Pope Leo VIII
  • 1189 Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar since 1184, is killed in the Siege of Acre
  • 1273 Count Rudolf van Habsburg becomes King of the Germans
  • 1529 -3] Meeting between Maarten Luther & Huldrych Zwingli

Historic Event

1569 Duke of Norfolk arrested by Queen Elizabeth I for conspiring to marry Mary Queen of Scots

  • 1574 -2] Storm breaks Leiden dike; drowns 20,000 Spanish soldiers
  • 1606 Spanish troops under Spinola occupies fort Rhine birch
  • 1653 Russian parliament accepts annexation of Ukraine
  • 1657 Treaty of Raalte: Willem II no longer viceroy of Overijssel

Sports History

1661 Yachting begins in England as King Charles II beats his brother James, Duke of York in a yacht race from Greenwich to Gravesend

  • 1670 -4] Battle at Simbirsk a/d Wolga: Russian army beats Boers
  • 1688 Prince William of Orange accepts invitation of take up the British crown
  • 1705 Parliament declares Hungary independent, French Rákóczi becomes king
  • 1768 British troops under General Thomas Gage land in Boston
  • 1787 Russians under Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn
  • 1791 1st session of new French legislative assembly
  • 1795 Belgium is conquered by France
  • 1795 France annexes Southern Netherlands
  • 1800 Spain cedes Louisiana to France in a secret treaty
  • 1801 Britain & France sign Preliminary of London

Victory in Battle

1814 Battle of Rancagua begins; Spanish army defeats rebel Chilean army, ending the Chilean Vieja

Historic Event

1814 Opening of the Congress of Vienna, redraws Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoléon Bonaparte

  • 1827 The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia
  • 1829 South African College is founded in Cape Town, South Africa; later to separate into the University of Cape Town and the South African College Schools.
  • 1830 General Trade Journal newspaper begins publishing in Amsterdam
  • 1837 "Racer's" Hurricane in the Gulf of Mexico
  • 1837 US imposes treaty on Winnebago Indians in Wisconsin
  • 1843 News of the World begins publication in London

Historic Expedition

1844 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt departs Jimbour, the farthest outpost of settlement on the Queensland Darling Downs, to begin his exploration of Australia's Northern Territory from Moreton Bay to Port Essington

Historic Invention

1847 German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske

  • 1847 Maria Mitchell discovers a non-naked-eye comet
  • 1851 1st Hawaiian stamps issued

Historic Expedition

1852 Alfred Russel Wallace returns to the U.K. after four years of travel, collecting, and research in South America

  • 1854 The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts, to become the Waltham Watch Company, a pioneer in the American System of Watch Manufacturing.
  • 1863 5 Russian warships welcomed in NYC
  • 1863 Dutch Breda-Tilburg railway opens
  • 1864 Cyclone strikes Calcutta: 70,000 killed
  • 1864 John Summerfield Staples is paid $500 as a substitute for US President Abraham Lincoln
  • 1866 Dutch Eindhoven-Venlo railway opens

Historic Publication

1867 Karl Marx publishes "Das Kapital" in Berlin, a description of the capitalist system, its instability and tendency to self-destruction

Historic Publication

1868 "Little Women" by Louisa May Alcott is published in America by Roberts Brothers of Boston

  • 1868 1st edition of Maasbode published
  • 1868 St Pancras railway station opens in London, largest single span roof in the world (689ft (240m) long, 100ft high (30m) a high point of Victorian Gothic architecture [1]
  • 1869 1st postcards are issued in Vienna, Austria
  • 1871 General Dutch Werkliedenverbond (ANWV), forms in Utrecht
  • 1874 Rotterdam opens drinking water pipes
  • 1879 Cincinnati Enquirer publishes first report on Baseball's reserve clause; rights to players retained by team upon the contract's expiration; replaced by free agency

Music History

1880 John Philip Sousa becomes new director of US Marine Corps Band

  • 1885 Special delivery mail service begins in US
  • 1886 US mint at Carson City, Nevada, closes
  • 1887 Balochistan (part of modern Pakistan) conquered by the British
  • 1888 National Geographic magazine publishes for the 1st time
  • 1889 Dutch soccer club HFC Haarlem is founded; National champions 1946; bankrupt in 2010; merge with HFC Kennemerland, new club Haarlem Kennemerland
  • 1889 Washington voters adopt state constitution in referendum
  • 1890 Germany's anti-socialist laws lapse
  • 1890 US Congress creates Weather Bureau
  • 1890 US Congress establishes Yosemite National Park (California)

Historic Event

1891 Stanford University, California opens its doors after being founded by Leland Stanford and his wife Jane with a $40M donation (1891 dollars), in memory of their son. Among its first graduation class, future US President Herbert Hoover.

  • 1892 University of Chicago opens
  • 1894 Civic organization, Knights of Ak-Sar-Ben founded in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1894 First meeting of The Owl Club of Cape Town
  • 1895 Romanians in Costantinople massacred
  • 1898 Dutch railway Alkmaar-Receiver opens
  • 1898 Henry Huntington buys LA Railway
  • 1898 Jews are expelled from Kyiv, Ukraine
  • 1898 The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.
  • 1898 Tsar Nikolay II expels Jews from major Russian cities

Baseball Record

1903 First Baseball World Series game ever played; Pittsburgh Pirates beat Boston Americans 7-3 at Huntington Avenue; Jimmy Sebring hits first home run; Deacon Phillippe is winning pitcher and Cy Young the loser

  • 1904 JB van Heutsz becomes governor general of Dutch East Indies
  • 1904 Netherlands and Portugal lay down boundaries splitting the island of Timor in two

Music History

1905 František Pavlík is killed in a demonstration in Prague, inspiring Leoš Janáček to write his Piano Sonata 1. X. 1905.

Historic Event

1907 A downturn in the stock market leads to a run on the dollar; US President Theodore Roosevelt later calls on financier J. P. Morgan to help manage the financial crisis

  • 1907 Plaza Hotel at 5th Avenue & 59th Street opens in New York
  • 1908 1st Dutch electric railway in use (Rotterdam-The Hague)

Sports History

1908 Future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Jack Chesbro records final victory for the NY Highlanders before waived and claimed by Red Sox; beats Walter Johnson and Washington Senators, 2-1

  • 1910 Berkshire Cattle Fair held in Pittsfield Mass (1st state fair)
  • 1910 Explosion at LA Times kills 21
  • 1910 Regina Rugby Club (to become CFL Saskatchewan Roughriders) plays first game, losing to Moose Jaw Tigers, 16-6
  • 1911 United Dutch Diamond workers get 8-hr day
  • 1914 The first division of Canadian troops, 33,000 sail for Britain; most Canadians are volunteers, anxious to prove their loyalty to the Commonwealth
  • 1914 The Prince of Asir, the southern region of Arabia, rises in revolt against the Turks; his actions will inspire other Arab leaders to revolt

Victory in Battle

1918 World War I: Combined Arab and British force under the Lawrence of Arabia, T. E. Lawrence captures Damascus from the Turks

  • 1919 Infamous 'Black Sox' Baseball World Series begins with Cincinnati Reds' Dutch Ruether pitching a 6-hitter and hitting 3 RBI on 2 triples and a single for a 9-1 rout of White Sox
  • 1920 Dutch law provides for an 8 hour working day
  • 1920 Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra to assume his responsibilities as high commissioner in Iraq.

PGA Championship

1921 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Inwood CC: Walter Hagen beats former champion Jim Barnes of England 3 & 2; Hagan's third major title

  • 1921 WJZ, Newark NJ begins broadcasting
  • 1922 Former Chicago Staleys play first NFL game as Chicago Bears; beat Racine Legion, 6-0 at Horlick Field, Racine, Wisconsin

Baseball Record

1922 St. Louis Cardinals 2nd baseman Rogers Hornsby hits 3-for-5 in 7-1 regular season ending win v Chicago Cubs; improves batting average to .401; only MLB player to bat .400 and hit 40 HRs in same season

  • 1924 1st Dutch airliner, the Fokker F.VII takes off from Amsterdam for Batavia (Java)

World Record

1924 Finnish distance runner Paavo Nurmi runs world record 4 mile (19:15.4) & 5 mile (24:06.2)at Vilpuri, Russia

  • 1924 MLB Commissioner Kenesaw Landis bans NY Giants outfielder Jimmy O'Connell & coach Cozy Dolan from World Series after they attempt to bribe Phillies shortstop Heinie Sand

Historic Event

1926 Oil field accident costs aviator Wiley Post his left eye, uses the settlement money to buy his 1st aircraft

  • 1927 Pittsburgh Pirates with a team including 5 future Baseball Hall of Famers clinch NL pennant with 9-6 win v Cincinnati Reds; Pirates' last NL pennant until 1960
  • 1928 Finnish distance runner Paavo Nurmi runs 15k world record 46:49.6 and 10 miles 50:15.0 in Berlin, Germany
  • 1928 USSR launches its first 5-year plan
  • 1931 Philadelphia Athletics seek 3rd straight World Series baseball title; beat St. Louis Cardinals, 6-2 in opener at Sportsman's Park; lose series, 4-3
  • 1931 Spanish Cortes accept general female suffrage
  • 1931 The second (and current) Waldorf-Astoria Hotel is opened in New York.

Sports History

1932 Babe Ruth’s legendary call; sledged by Cubs dugout, points to center-field before homering into the Wrigley Field bleachers in 5th inning, Game 3 of the World Series; NY Yankees win, 7-5

  • 1932 Oswald Mosley forms British Union of Fascists
  • 1933 Babe Ruth makes his final pitching appearance in MLB; pitches all 9 innings in a season ending 6-5 win v Boston Red Sox at Yankee Stadium; hits his 34th home run of the season in 5th inning

Sports History

1933 New York Giants make no 1st downs, but still beat the Green Bay Packers, 10-7 in a week 3 NFL matchup at Borchert Field, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

  • 1933 Washington Senators coach Nick Altrock plays in a MLB game at age 57 as a pinch-hitter; faces Rube Walberg of the Philadelphia A's; goes hitless in 3-0 loss

Treaty of Interest

1934 Adolf Hitler expands German army and navy, violating Treaty of Versailles

Historic Event

1936 Generalissimo Francisco Franco establishes state of Spain

  • 1937 Pullman Co formally recognizes Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters

Historic Event

1938 Germany annexes Sudetenland (1/3 of Czechoslovakia) following the Munich Agreement

  • 1939 After a one-month Siege of Warsaw, hostile forces entered the city.

Historic Event

1939 Winston Churchill calls Russia a "riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma"

  • 1940 Pennsylvania Turnpike, pioneer toll thruway, opens

Music History

1941 Dmitri Shostakovich evacuated by plane to Moscow

  • 1941 H Martin/R Blane's musical "Best Foot Forward" premieres in NYC
  • 1942 Bell P-59 Airacomet fighter, 1st US jet, makes maiden flight
  • 1942 Little Golden Books (children's books) begins publishing
  • 1943 1st King's Dragoon Guards (Royal Amoured Corps) liberates suburbs of Naples
  • 1943 Allied forces captured Naples during WW II
  • 1943 Averell Harriman named US ambassador to Moscow
  • 1943 Germans attack Jews in Denmark
  • 1944 Newspaper editor Alejandro Córdova assassinated in Guatemala
  • 1944 St Louis Browns beat New York Yankees 5-2 at Sportsman's Park III to win their only AL pennant; lose World Series 4-2 to neighbour Cardinals
  • 1945 US Office of Strategic Services (OSS), precursor to the CIA, disbands

Sports History

1945 World heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis is discharged from US army after being awarded the Legion of Merit

  • 1946 12 Nazi war criminals sentenced to death in Nuremberg

Baseball Record

1946 Cleveland Indians pitcher Bob Feller claims his MLB record 348th strikeout of season in a 4-1 win v Detroit; record stands for 19 years

  • 1946 St. Louis Cardinals beats Brooklyn Dodgers, 4-2 in first MLB play-off game for a league championship (NL); St Louis wins series, 2-0
  • 1947 1st helicopter air mail & express service, LA, Ca
  • 1947 The F-86 Sabre flies for the first time.
  • 1947 US control of Haitian customs & governmental revenue ends
  • 1947 William Wister Haines' "Command Decision" premieres in NYC
  • 1948 California Supreme Court voids state statute banning interracial marriages, in Perez v. Sharp case
  • 1948 Radio Denmark begins transmitting

Historic Event

1949 People's Republic of China proclaimed by Mao Zedong (National Day)

  • 1949 Republic of China (Taiwan) forms on island of Formosa

Sports History

1950 Connie Mack's last game as Philadelphia Athletics manager (1901-50); longest serving manager in MLB history; beat Washington Senators, 5-3 at Shribe Park

  • 1950 New York Giants beat Cleveland Browns, 6-0 at Cleveland Stadium; sets Browns club record for fewest points scored by both teams; Browns go on to win NFL Championship
  • 1950 Philadelphia Phillies clinch NL pennant on Dick Sisler's 3-run home run in a season ending 4-1 win v Brooklyn Dodgers; Phillies first pennant since 1913
  • 1950 South Korean troops cross the 38th parallel into North Korea

US Women's Golf Open

1950 US Open Women's Golf, Rolling Hills CC: Babe Zaharias ties Open scoring record, -9 291 to beat amateur Betsy Rawls by 9 strokes

  • 1951 1st treaty signed by woman ambassador-Eugenie Anderson (US ambassador to Denmark)
  • 1951 24th Infantry Regiment, last all-black US military unit, deactivated
  • 1952 1st ultra high frequency (UHF) television station, Portland Or
  • 1952 Liberal Party wins Japanese elections
  • 1952 Monte Bello-Island (Great Britain 1st atom bomb explosion)
  • 1953 Brooklyn Dodgers pitcher Carl Erskine sets a Baseball World Series record with 14 strikeouts in a 3-2 Game 3 win against NY Yankees at Ebbets Field
  • 1953 Indian state of Andhra Pradesh partitioned from Madras
  • 1953 KJEO TV channel 47 in Fresno, CA (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 KYTV TV channel 3 in Springfield, MO (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 WATE TV channel 6 in Knoxville, TN (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 WREX TV channel 13 in Rockford, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 British colony of Nigeria becomes a federation
  • 1955 Baltimore Colts fullback Alan Ameche becomes the first rookie in NFL history to top 100 yards rushing in his first 2 games; totals 153 against Detroit Lions after 194 yards in debut v Chicago Bears
  • 1955 Jackie Gleason's sitcom "The Honeymooners" debuts on CBS, replacing his variety series; production ends after 39 episodes
  • 1955 Piet Lieftinck becomes director v/h IMF (World bank)
  • 1955 WORA TV channel 5 in Mayaguez, PR (TCI) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 American jockey Johnny Heckmann becomes first to ride 7 winners at Hawthorne Race Course at Stickney/Cicero near Chicago, Illinois
  • 1956 Zestienhoven airport at Rotterdam official opens
  • 1957 B-52 bombers begin full-time flying alert in case of USSR attack
  • 1957 First appearance of "In God We Trust" on U.S. paper currency.
  • 1958 Britain transfers Christmas Island (south of Java) to Australia
  • 1958 US space agency NASA begins operations incorporating earlier National Advisory Council on Aeronautics and other bodies
  • 1959 Chicago White Sox beat LA Dodgers, 11-0 in Game 1 of the Baseball World Series at Comiskey Park; White Sox first WS appearance since 1919 'Black Sox Scandal'; LA wins series 4-2
  • 1960 14th NHL All-Star Game, Montreal Forum, Montreal, QC: All-Stars beat Montreal Canadiens, 2-1
  • 1960 KCBY TV channel 11 in Coos Bay, OR (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1960 Nigeria becomes the 99th member of the United Nations
  • 1960 Nigeria gains independence from Great Britain (National Day)

Theater Premiere

1960 Wole Soyinka's play "A Dance of the Forests" is first performed as part of Nigerian Independence celebrations

  • 1961 A volcanco believed to be extinct erupts in Tristan da Cunha
  • 1961 East & West Cameroon merge as Federal Republic of Cameroon
  • 1961 KGIN TV channel 11 in Grand Island, NB (CBS) begins broadcasting

Baseball Record

1961 NY Yankees right-fielder Roger Maris becomes MLB’s all-time home run leader when he passes Babe Ruth's mark with No. 61 off Boston rookie Tracy Stallard in 1-0 win at Yankee Stadium

  • 1961 Premiere of Dmitri Shostakovich's 12nd Symphony
  • 1961 The Beach Boys record their debut single "Surfin", introducing a new musical style
  • 1961 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1961 WOLO TV channel 25 in Columbia, SC (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1961 WYAH TV channel 27 in Portsmouth, VA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1962 "The Lucy Show" premieres on CBS

Contract of Interest

1962 American singer Barbra Streisand signs her 1st recording contract (with Columbia)

Contract of Interest

1962 Brian Epstein signs a contract to manage The Beatles through 1977

Historic Event

1962 James Meredith becomes the 1st black student at the University of Mississippi

  • 1962 James Meredith enrolls for classes at University of Mississippi, desegregating the college

Television Debut

1962 Johnny Carson hosts his 1st "The Tonight Show" on NBC; guests include Rudy Vallée, Tony Bennett, Mel Brooks and Joan Crawford

  • 1962 UN gives Netherlands control of New Guinea
  • 1962 US National Radio Astronomy Observatory installs a 300' (91m) radio telescope in Green Bank, West Virginia
  • 1962 WEDH TV channel 24 in Hartford, Connecticut (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1963 Nigeria enacts a new constitution and becomes a republic
  • 1964 1st official broadcast of Trans World Radio on Bonaire
  • 1964 2nd Dutch televisienet begins broadcastings
  • 1964 Free Speech Movement launched at University of California, Berkley
  • 1964 San Francisco cable cars declared a national landmark
  • 1964 WSJU TV channel 18 in Carolina, PR begins broadcasting
  • 1964 WTSJ TV channel 18 in San Juan, PR (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1964 WWAY TV channel 3 in Wilmington, NC (ABC) begins broadcasting