Historical Events on October 1

Events 1 - 200 of 328

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

331 BC Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela

Macedonian King and Conqueror of Persia Alexander the Great
Macedonian King and Conqueror of Persia
Alexander the Great
  • 366 St Damasus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 704 Aengibald gives away bishop Willibrord estate in Waalre
  • 911 During a siege in Constantinople, the Theotokos (Mary, the mother of Jesus) appeared at the church in Blachernae holding her veil over the praying faithful, among them St. Andrew of Constantinople.
  • 959 Edgar I, the Peaceful, becomes king of all England
  • 965 John XIII Crescentii elected to succeed Pope Leo VIII
  • 1189 Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar since 1184, is killed in the Siege of Acre
  • 1273 Count Rudolf van Habsburg becomes King of the Germans
  • 1529 -3] Meeting between Maarten Luther & Huldrych Zwingli

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1569 Duke of Norfolk arrested by Queen Elizabeth I for conspiring to marry Mary Queen of Scots

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1574 -2] Storm breaks Leiden dike; drowns 20,000 Spanish soldiers
  • 1606 Spanish troops under Spinola occupies fort Rhine birch
  • 1632 Battle at Castelnaudary: Duke Henri de Montmorency's rebel army loses
  • 1653 Russian parliament accepts annexation of Ukraine
  • 1657 Treaty of Raalte: Willem II no longer viceroy of Overijssel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1661 Yachting begins in England; King Charles II beats his brother James, Duke of York racing from Greenwich to Gravesend

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1670 -4] Battle at Simbirsk a/d Wolga: Russian army beats Boers
  • 1688 Prince Willem III of Orange accepts invitation of take up the British crown
  • 1705 Parliament declares Hungary independently/French Rákóczi becomes king
  • 1746 Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France
  • 1768 British troops under General Gauge land in Boston
  • 1787 Russians under Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn.
  • 1791 1st session of new French legislative assembly
  • 1795 France annexes Southern Netherlands
  • 1795 Belgium is conquered by France.
  • 1800 Spain cedes Louisiana to France in a secret treaty
  • 1801 Britain & France sign Preliminary of London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1814 Opening of the Congress of Vienna, which redrew Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoléon Bonaparte

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1827 The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia.
  • 1829 South African College is founded in Cape Town, South Africa; later to separate into the University of Cape Town and the South African College Schools.
  • 1830 General Trade Journal newspaper begins publishing in Amsterdam
  • 1837 "Racer's" Hurricane (Gulf of Mexico)
  • 1837 Treaty with Winnebago Indians
  • 1838 Civil Code enforced (- Jan 1, 1992)
  • 1843 News of the World begins publication in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1844 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt departs Jimbour, the farthest outpost of settlement on the Queensland Darling Downs, to begin his exploration of Australia's Northern Territory from Moreton Bay to Port Essington

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • 1847 Maria Mitchell discovers a non-naked-eye comet

InventionHistoric Invention

1847 German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske

Industrialist and Inventor Werner von Siemens
Industrialist and Inventor
Werner von Siemens
  • 1851 1st Hawaiian stamps issued

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1852 Alfred Russel Wallace returns to the U.K. after four years of travel, collecting, and research in South America

Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • 1854 The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts, to become the Waltham Watch Company, a pioneer in the American System of Watch Manufacturing.
  • 1863 5 Russian warships welcomed in NYC
  • 1863 Dutch Breda-Tilburg railway opens
  • 1864 Cyclone strikes Calcutta: 70,000 killed
  • 1864 John Summerfield Staples is paid $500 as a substitute for US President Abraham Lincoln
  • 1866 Dutch Eindhoven-Venlo railway opens

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1867 Karl Marx' "Das Kapital" published

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1868 1st edition of Maasbode published

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1868 "Little Women" by Louisa May Alcott is published in America by Roberts Brothers of Boston

  • 1869 1st postcards are issued (Vienna, Austria)
  • 1871 General Dutch Werkliedenverbond (ANWV), forms in Utrecht

  • 1874 Rotterdam opens drinking water pipes
  • 1879 Cincinnati Enquirer publishes 1st report on baseball reserve clause

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1880 John Philip Sousa becomes new director of US Marine Corps Band

  • 1885 Special delivery mail service begins in US
  • 1886 US mint at Carson City, Nevada, closes
  • 1887 Balochistan conquered by the British Empire.
  • 1888 National Geographic magazine publishes for the 1st time
  • 1889 Soccer team HFC Haarlem forms
  • 1889 Washington voters adopt state constitution in referendum
  • 1890 Congress creates Weather Bureau
  • 1890 Congress establishes Yosemite National Park (California)
  • 1890 Germany's anti-socialist laws lapse
  • 1891 In the U.S. state of California, Stanford University opens its doors.
  • 1892 University of Chicago opens
  • 1893 3rd worst hurricane in US history kills 1,800 (Mississippi)
  • 1894 Civic organization, Knights of Ak-Sar-Ben founded in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1894 First meeting of The Owl Club of Cape Town.
  • 1895 Romanians in Costantinople massacred
  • 1896 Sherlock Holmes adventure "Veiled Lodger" takes place (BG)
  • 1898 Dutch railway Alkmaar-Receiver opens
  • 1898 Henry Huntington buys LA Railway
  • 1898 Jews are expelled from Kiev, Ukraine
  • 1898 Tsar Nikolay II expels Jews from major Russian cities.
  • 1898 The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.
  • 1903 1st game of the first MLB World Series, Pittsburgh Pirates vs Boston Pilgrims (Red Sox)
  • 1904 JB van Heutsz becomes governor general of Dutch East Indies
  • 1904 Netherlands & Portugal lay down bounderies splitting Timor
  • 1905 František Pavlík is killed in a demonstration in Prague, inspiring Leoš Janáček to the piano composition 1. X. 1905.
  • 1906 Hugh Jennings resigns as Balt manager to take over at Detroit in 1907
  • 1907 Plaza Hotel (5th Av & 59th Str, NY) opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907 A downturn in the stock market leads to a run on the dollar; US President Theodore Roosevelt will be forced to call on financier J. P. Morgan to help manage the financial crisis

Industrialist and Banker J. P. Morgan
Industrialist and Banker
J. P. Morgan
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1908 1st Dutch electric railway in use (Rotterdam-The Hague)

Historic InventionModel T

1908 Henry Ford introduces the Model T car (costs $825)
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908 Jack Chesbro's final Highlander victory, beats Walter Johnson 2-1

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • 1910 Berkshire Cattle Fair held in Pittsfield Mass (1st state fair)
  • 1910 Explosion at LA Times kills 21
  • 1910 Regina Rugby Club's 1st game, losing to Moose Jaw Tigers, 16-6
  • 1911 United Dutch Diamond workers get 8-hr day
  • 1912 Yanks lose game #100 en route to a 50-102 season
  • 1914 The Prince of Asir, the southern region of Arabia, rises in revolt against the Turks; his actions will inspire other Arab leaders to revolt
  • 1914 The first division of Canadian troops, 33,000 sail for Britain; most Canadians are volunteers, anxious to prove their loyalty to the Commonwealth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia") capture Damascus

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • 1919 World Series begins as a best of 9 affair, White Sox intentionally throw this series to satisfy gamblers (Black Sox Scandal)
  • 1920 Dutch law provides for an 8 hour working day
  • 1920 Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra to assume his responsibilities as high commissioner in Iraq.
  • 1921 WJZ, Newark NJ begins broadcasting
  • 1922 Former Chicago Staleys play 1st NFL game as Chicago Bears, win 6-0
  • 1922 Rogers Hornsby's 3-for-5 ups avg to .401
  • 1924 Fokker F-7 1st flight (Amsterdam to Batavia)

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1924 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 4 mile (19:15.4) & 5 mile (24:06.2)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1924 Landis bans Giants Jimmy O'Connell & Cozy Dolan from World Series after they admit an attempt to bribe Phils shortstop Heinie Sand
  • 1926 An oil field accident cost aviator Wiley Post his left eye, but he used the settlement money to buy his first aircraft.
  • 1927 Pirates clinch NL pennant with a 9-6 win over Reds
  • 1928 Leon Vanderstuyft of Belgium bicycled 76 miles 504 yards in 1 hour
  • 1928 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 15m (46:49.6)
  • 1928 USSR launches its first 5-year plan
  • 1930 World Series opens at Phila's Shibe Park, Philadelphia A's beat St Louis 5-2
  • 1931 Spanish Cortes accept general female suffrage
  • 1931 World Series is a rematch as A's seek 3rd straight title vs Cards
  • 1931 The second (and current) Waldorf-Astoria Hotel is opened in New York.
  • 1932 NHL readmits Ottawa & drops Pittsburgh
  • 1932 Oswald Mosley forms British Union of Fascists

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 World Series moves to Chicago, In 5th inning, Babe Ruth waits until he has 2 strikes, points & hits next pitch into center field bleachers

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • 1933 Antwerp Sports arena opens
  • 1933 Packers make 5 1st downs, Giants make 0, but still win 10-7
  • 1933 Wash Senator coach Nick Altrock plays in a game at age 57

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1934 Adolf Hitler expands German army and navy, violating Treaty of Versailles

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Generalissimo Francisco Franco establishes state of Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1937 Pullman Co formally recognizes Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
  • 1938 Chicago Cubs clinch NL pennant
  • 1938 Germany annexes Sudetenland (1/3 of Czechoslovakia) following the Munich Agreement

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Winston Churchill calls Russia a "riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma"

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1939 After a one-month Siege of Warsaw, hostile forces entered the city.
  • 1940 Pennsylvania Turnpike, pioneer toll thruway, opens
  • 1941 D Sjostakovitch plane evacuated in Moscow
  • 1941 H Martin/R Blane's musical "Best Foot Forward" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 Yankees beat Dodgers 3-2 at Yankee Stadium in opener of World Series
  • 1942 Bell P-59 Airacomet fighter, 1st US jet, makes maiden flight
  • 1942 Little Golden Books (children's books) begins publishing
  • 1943 Allied forces captured Naples during WW II
  • 1943 Averell Harriman named US ambassador to Moscow
  • 1943 Germans attack Jews in Denmark
  • 1943 1st King's Dragoon Guards (Royal Amoured Corps) liberates suburbs of Naples
  • 1944 Newspaper editor Alejandro Córdova assassinated in Guatemala
  • 1944 St Louis Browns win their only AL pennant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Heavyweight champ Joe Louis is discharged from army

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • 1945 US Office of Strategic Services (OSS), precursor to the CIA, disbands
  • 1946 12 Nazi war criminals sentenced to death in Nuremberg
  • 1946 1st NL playoffs, Dodgers vs Cards (St Louis wins 2 games to 0)
  • 1946 Bob Feller 348th strikeout of season
  • 1947 1st helicopter air mail & express service, LA, Ca
  • 1947 NHL Pension Society founded
  • 1947 US control of Haitian customs & governmental revenue ends
  • 1947 William Wister Haines' "Command Decision" premieres in NYC
  • 1947 The F-86 Sabre flies for the first time.
  • 1948 California Supreme Court voids state statute banning interracial marriages
  • 1948 Radio Denmark begins transmitting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 People's Republic of China proclaimed by Mao Zedong (National Day)

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1949 Republic of China (Taiwan) forms on island of Formosa
  • 1950 Phillies win NL pennant on last day of season (10th inning HR)
  • 1950 Browns lose to Giants, setting club record for fewest points scored by both teams (tied in 1979), NY 6, Cleveland 0
  • 1950 South Korean troops cross the 38th parallel into North Korea
  • 1951 1st Giant-Dodgers playoff game, Giants win 3-1
  • 1951 1st treaty signed by woman ambassador-Eugenie Anderson (US ambassador to Denmark)
  • 1951 24th Infantry Regiment, last all-black US military unit, deactivated
  • 1952 1st ultra high frequency (UHF) television station, Portland Or
  • 1952 Liberal Party wins Japanese elections
  • 1952 Monte Bello-Island (Great Britain 1st atom bomb explosion)
  • 1953 Indian state of Andhra Pradesh partitioned from Madras
  • 1953 KJEO TV channel 47 in Fresno, CA (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 KYTV TV channel 3 in Springfield, MO (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 WATE TV channel 6 in Knoxville, TN (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 WREX TV channel 13 in Rockford, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 British colony of Nigeria becomes a federation
  • 1955 "Honeymooners" premieres
  • 1955 Piet Lieftinck becomes director v/h IMF (World bank)
  • 1955 WORA TV channel 5 in Mayaguez, PR (TCI) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Johnny Heckmann rides 7 winners at Chicago Hawthorne Horse track
  • 1956 Zestienhoven airport at Rotterdam official opens
  • 1957 B-52 bombers begin full-time flying alert in case of USSR attack
  • 1957 First appearance of "In God We Trust" on U.S. paper currency.
  • 1958 Britain transfers Christmas Island (south of Java) to Australia
  • 1958 US space agency NASA begins operations incorporating earlier National Advisory Council on Aeronautics and other bodies
  • 1959 1st World Series since 1948 not to feature a NY team (LA vs Chic)
  • 1960 Nigeria becomes the 99th member of the United Nations
  • 1960 14th NHL All-Star Game: All-Stars beat Montreal 2-1 at Montreal
  • 1960 KCBY TV channel 11 in Coos Bay, OR (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1960 Nigeria gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1961 A volcanco believed to be extinct erupts in Tristan da Cunha
  • 1961 East & West Cameroon merge as Federal Republic of Cameroon
  • 1961 KGIN TV channel 11 in Grand Island, NB (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1961 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Mickey Wright Golf Open
  • 1961 Premiere of Dmitri Shostakovitsch's 12nd Symphony

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1961 Roger Maris sets record of 61 HRs (off of Tracy Stallard)

American Baseball Player Roger Maris
American Baseball Player
Roger Maris
  • 1961 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1961 WOLO TV channel 25 in Columbia, SC (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1961 WYAH TV channel 27 in Portsmouth, VA (IND) begins broadcasting

AgreementContract of Interest

1962 Barbra Streisand signs her 1st recording contract (with Columbia)

Singer-songwriter & Actress Barbra Streisand
Singer-songwriter & Actress
Barbra Streisand
  • 1962 Brian Epstein signs a contract to manage Beatles through 1977
  • 1962 James Meredith becomes the 1st black student at the University of Mississippi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Johnny Carson hosts his 1st Tonight Show, Joan Crawford guests

Actress Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
  • 1962 The Lucy Show premieres
  • 1962 SF beats Dodgers, 8-0 in 1st of best-of-3 NL playoff
  • 1962 UN gives Netherlands control of New Guinea
  • 1962 US National Radio Astronomy Obs gets a 300' (91m) radio telescope
  • 1962 WEDH TV channel 24 in Hartford, CT (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1963 1st time since 1910 no AL player, played in every game
  • 1963 Nigeria enacts a new constitution and becomes a republic
  • 1964 1st official broadcast of Trans World Radio on Bonaire