On This Day

Historical Events on October 10

  • 354 Roman Emperor Constantius gives grand circus and theater shows to mark 30th year of his reign as Caesar in Arles
  • 680 Al-Hussein (Al-Ḥusayn ibn) and his followers killed at Karbala by army of Yazid, the Umayyad caliph, on the way to Kufa
  • 732 Battle of Tours: Umayyad army led by Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi defeated by Frankish Aquitainian force led by Charles Martel during Umayyad invasion of Gaul
  • 1375 Westfriese sea wall breaks flooding northern Netherlands
  • 1471 Battle of Brunkeberg: Swedish regent Sten Sture defeats forces led by Danish King Christian I
  • 1549 Duke of Somerset fired as Lord Protector & imprisoned
  • 1575 Battle of Dormans: Roman Catholic forces under Duke Henry of Guise defeated the Protestants, capturing Philippe de Mornay among others.
  • 1578 Count Johan Casimir occupies Ghent with 500 horsemen
  • 1631 Saxon army occupies Prague
  • 1695 King Willem III escapes South Netherlands, back to England
  • 1720 French government proclaims strike on banknotes

Declaration of War

1733 France declares war on emperor Charles VI

  • 1760 Suriname Colonial Regime signs treaty with Aukaners (ex-slaves)
  • 1780 Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000 to 30,000 in the Caribbean, hitting Barbados first. Atlantic's deadliest recorded hurricane.
  • 1787 Amsterdam surrenders to Prussian invasion army
  • 1799 Convention of Alkmaar: British-Russian invasion army departs Holland
  • 1802 1st non-Indian settlement in Oklahoma

Historic Event

1839 British troops under General Charles Napier occupy Beirut

  • 1845 Naval School (now called US Naval Academy) opens at Annapolis
  • 1846 Alexis de Tocqueville writes about "Algerian problem"
  • 1846 Neptune's moon Triton discovered by William Lassell
  • 1854 US Assay Office in NYC, New York opens
  • 1863 Skirmish at Blue Springs, Tennessee (166 casualties)
  • 1865 John Wesley Hyatt patents the billiard ball made from cellulose nitrate (celluloid) in Albany, New York (patent US50359A)
  • 1868 1st written account of a Canadian football game
  • 1868 Cuba revolts for independence against Spain

Great Chicago Fire

1871 The Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, leaving approximately 300 dead, 100,000 homeless, and costing $222m in damage

  • 1874 Fiji becomes a British possession
  • 1886 1st dinner jacket (tuxedo) worn to autumn ball at Tuxedo Park, NY
  • 1888 Teatotalers excursion train crushed, killing 64 at Mud Run, Pennsylvania
  • 1889 Barnard College is founded in New York City after Columbia University refuses to accept women
  • 1892 Entire Hong Kong national cricket team dies in shipwreck off Taiwan
  • 1899 African-American inventor Issac R. Johnson patents the bicycle frame
  • 1900 Foreign ministers in Peking begin their first serious negotiations over what conditions their nations will impose on the Chinese after putting down the Boxer uprising
  • 1900 In Manchuria, Russia captures the major city of Mukden, part of their own plan to take over the whole province

Historic Event

1902 South Africa's President of Transvaal Paul Kruger visits Utrecht

Murder of Interest

1902 American outlaw Tom Horn's murder trial begins, and he is eventually found guilty and sentenced to death

Historic Event

1903 The Women's Social and Political Union was formed by Emmeline Pankhurst to fight for women's rights in Britain.

  • 1904 Liberty Theater opens at 234 W 42nd St NYC
  • 1904 Boston pitchers achieve 148 complete games-an AL record, also record for total complete games AL 1,098, NL 1,089

Historic Event

1911 Sun Yat-sen's revolutionaries overthrow Manchus (Taiwan National Day)

  • 1911 The KCR East Rail commences service between Kowloon and Canton.

Historic Event

1911 Robert Borden becomes the 8th Prime Minister of Canada

  • 1913 British passenger ship Volturno catches fire in Atlantic (136 killed)
  • 1913 Gamboa Dam in Panama blown up; Atlantic & Pacific waters mix

Historic Event

1913 Yuan Shikai installed as the 1st President of China

  • 1914 German forces rout Belgians in Antwerp, Belgium (WWI)
  • 1916 In Game 3, Charlie Ebbets becomes the 1st owner to raise the price of World Series grandstand seats to $5-up from $3
  • 1917 Plymouth Theater opens at 236 W 45th St NYC
  • 1918 Baden's Geisz forms government

Music Premiere

1919 Richard Strauss and Hugo van Hofmannsthal's opera "Die Frau ohne Schatten" (The Woman Without A Shadow), premieres in Vienna, Austria

  • 1920 Italy annexes South Tirol (Alto Adige)
  • 1920 Phoenix Cardinals (then in Chicago) play 1st NFL game, a 0-0 tie
  • 1920 Indian Bill Wambsganns makes 1st unassisted World Series triple play
  • 1920 Cleveland Indians outfielder Elmer Smith hits baseball's first ever World Series grand slam (Game 5, 1920)
  • 1921 NFL Decatur Staleys become Chicago Staleys, win 14-10
  • 1923 Saxony gets Social Democratic & Communist coalition government
  • 1923 NY Giants & NY Yankees become first teams to play each other in 3 consecutive Baseball World Series; Giants win Game 1, 5-4; first WS game played at Yankee Stadium
  • 1924 Baseball World Series: Washington Senators edge NY Giants, 4-3 in 12 innings in Game 7 at Griffith Stadium to take series, 4-3; Sens' first World Series victory
  • 1926 Baseball World Series: St Louis Cardinals beat New York Yankees, 3-2 at Sportsman's Park for 4 games to 3 series victory

Historic Event

1928 Chiang Kai-shek becomes Director of the State Council of China

Sports History

1930 AP votes Joe Cronin unofficial AL MVP & BWA names Hack Wilson NL MVP

  • 1930 Yankees announce signing Joe McCarthy to manage for 4 years
  • 1931 A J Bennett hits H Garbarino for 1st scoring pass in Canada's Big 4
  • 1931 Baseball World Series: St Louis Cardinals beat Philadelphia A's, 4-2 at Sportsman's Park for a 4 games to 3 series win
  • 1931 William Waltons "Belshazzar's Feast" premieres in Leeds
  • 1932 "Betty & Bob" premieres on radio
  • 1932 Dnjepr Dam in USSR put into operation (world's biggest)
  • 1933 1st synthetic detergent, "Dreft" by Procter & Gamble, goes on sale
  • 1935 Coup under Gen Giorgios Kondylis in favor of Greek monarchy

Music History

1935 George Gershwin's "Porgy & Bess" opens on Broadway NY

  • 1935 League of Nations denounces Italian invasion of Abyssinia
  • 1937 Baseball World Series: in second consecutive all-New York WS, Yankees again beat Giants, 4-2 at the Polo Grounds for a 4-1 series victory
  • 1938 Germany completes its annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland

Music History

1938 Premier of Dmitri Shostakovich's 1st String Quartet

  • 1941 RAF bombs Piraeus to prevent German heavy armor advancing
  • 1942 1,300 Austrian Jews transported to Theresienstadt concentration camp
  • 1943 US bombers accidentally strike Enschede, Netherlands, causing 151 deaths
  • 1944 Admiral Halsey's Task Force 30 bombs Okinawa, 700 die
  • 1945 Baseball World Series: Detroit Tigers beat Chicago Cubs, 9-8 at Wrigley Field to clinch series, 4 games to 3; Tigers second championship
  • 1946 Max Frisch' "Die Chinesische Mauer" premieres in Zurich
  • 1947 Rodgers & Hammerstein's musical "Allegro" premieres at Majestic Theater NYC for 318 performances
  • 1948 Then record 86,288 see game 5 of World Series in Cleveland
  • 1949 3rd NHL All-Star Game, Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, ON: All-Stars beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 3-1

Sports History

1951 Baseball World Series: two-time defending champion NY Yankees beat NY Giants, 4-3 at Yankee Stadium for 4-2 series victory; MVP: Yankees shortstop Phil Rizzuto

Historic Event

1954 Ho Chi Minh enters Hanoi after withdrawal of French troops

  • 1954 1st National Film Awards (India): "Shyamchi Aai" wins the Golden Lotus
  • 1956 Fazal Mahmood takes 13-114 for match v Australia in Karachi

Sports History

1956 Baseball World Series: Behind Yogi Berra's 2 HRs, NY Yankees beat Brooklyn Dodgers, 9-0 in Game 7 at Ebbets Field; MVP: Yankees pitcher Don Larsen

Film Premier

1956 "Giant", directed by George Stevens, starring Elizabeth Taylor, Rock Hudson and James Dean in his last role, premieres in NYC

  • 1957 Baseball World Series: Milwaukee Braves beat NY Yankees, 5-0 at Yankee Stadium to clinch 4 games to 3 series victory; MVP: Braves pitcher Lew Burdette (3-0)

Historic Event

1957 US President Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, after he is refused service in a restaurant in Dover, Delaware

  • 1957 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1957 A fire at the Windscale nuclear plant in Cumbria, England becomes the world's first major nuclear accident
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1959 "Happy Town" closes at 84th St Theater NYC after 5 performances

Historic Event

1959 Lee Harvey Oswald signs guestbook in hotel Helsinki

  • 1959 Pan Am begins regular flights around the world
  • 1960 "Laughs & Other Events" opens at Barrymore Theater NYC for 8 performances
  • 1960 16 California Poly football team members die in plane crash in Toledo
  • 1960 Cyclone hits coast of Gulf of Bengal; about 4000 die
  • 1960 Ron Stewart of Ottawa rushes for CFL-record 287 yards
  • 1960 WGTE TV channel 30 in Toledo, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1961 "Milk & Honey" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 543 performances
  • 1961 Expansion draft to stock Houston Astros & NY Mets
  • 1961 Otis M Smith appointed to Michigan Supreme Court
  • 1961 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Television Premiere

1961 Variety TV show "The Bob Newhart Show" premieres on NBC in the US

  • 1962 Indies assault up Chinese positions in North-India attack

Film Premier

1963 "From Russia With Love" 2nd James Bond film based on a novel by Ian Fleming, starring Sean Connery and Daniela Bianchi, premieres in London

  • 1963 Netherlands population hits 12,000,000
  • 1963 France cedes control of the Bizerte naval base to Tunisia

NHL All-Star Game

1964 18th NHL All-Star Game, Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, ON: All-Stars beat Toronto, 3-2; MVP: Jean Béliveau, Montreal, C

  • 1964 XVIII Summer Olympic Games open in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1965 "Drat! - The Cat!" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 8 performances
  • 1965 "Vinland Map" is introduced by Yale University as being the first known map of America, drawn about 1440
  • 1966 The Beach Boys release their influential single "Good Vibrations"

Historic Event

1967 Brendan Behan's "Borstal Boy" premieres in Dublin

  • 1968 Baseball World Series: Detroit Tigers beat St Louis Cardinals, 4-1 at Busch Memorial Stadium to clinch, 4-3 series win; MVP: Tigers pitcher Mickey Lolich

Music History

1968 George Harrison forms Singsong Ltd

  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Music History

1969 "Jesus Christ Superstar" soundtrack album by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice is recorded

  • 1969 British progressive rock band King Crimson releases their debut album "In The Court Of The Crimson King"
  • 1970 Fiji gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1971 5th Country Music Association Award: Charlie Pride wins
  • 1971 Fenholt & Webber's musical "Jesus Christ Superstar" premieres in NYC
  • 1972 3 members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) die in a premature explosion in a house in Balkan Street, Lower Falls, Belfast

Historic Event

1973 US Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns after pleading no contest to allegations of tax fraud

  • 1973 MLB National League Championship: New York Mets beat Cincinnati Reds, 3 games to 2
  • 1974 A's Mike Andrews files $25 million lawsuit against Charlie Finley
  • 1974 Canadian John Hathaway begins 2-yr ride of 50,600 miles

Election of Interest

1974 Labour Party led by Harold Wilson wins UK general election

  • 1974 US Gen George Brown's speech deplores Jewish influence in US over his treatment during the 1973 World Series
  • 1974 The Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) and its political wing the Irish Republican Socialist Party (IRSP) founded at the Spa Hotel in the village of Lucan near Dublin
  • 1975 Israel formally signs Sinai accord with Egypt

Historic Event

1976 Beijing reports arrest of Mao Zedong's widow

  • 1976 Giant's Stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey opens with the NY Giants going down 24–14 to the Dallas Cowboys in from of 76,042 fans
  • 1976 Greece's 98 year-old Dimitrion Yordanidis, is oldest man to compete in a marathon; he finishes in 7:33
  • 1977 11th Country Music Association Award: Ronnie Milsap wins
  • 1978 Aerosmith's Steve Tyler & Joe Perry injured by a cherry bomb
  • 1978 British pop music magazine "Smash Hits" first published

Historic Event

1978 US Congress approves dollar coin honoring women's suffrage campaigner Susan B. Anthony

Historic Event

1978 Daniel Arap Moi succeeds Jomo Kenyatta as President of Kenya

  • 1978 Steve Perry joins Journey
  • 1979 Fleetwood Mac gets a star in Hollywood
  • 1979 Nordiques' Real Cloutier sets NHL record of a hat trick in 1st game
  • 1979 Panama assumes sovereignty over Canal Area (ie Canal Zone)
  • 1979 Recorded trace of snow in Central Park NYC
  • 1980 4,500 die when a pair of earthquakes strikes NW Algeria
  • 1980 Very Large Array (VLA) radio telescope network dedicated
  • 1980 Yanks lose 4-2 & are swept by Royals in AL Championship series
  • 1980 MLB American League Championship: Kansas City Royals beat New York Yankees, 3 games to 0

Historic Event

1981 Anwar Sadat's funeral service held in Cairo

  • 1982 Hernan Siles Zuazo installed as president of Bolivia


1982 Pope John Paul II canonizes Rev Maximilian Kolbe, who volunteered to die in place of another inmate at Auschwitz concentration camp, a saint

  • 1982 US imposes sanctions against Poland for banning Solidarity trade union
  • 1982 MLB National League Championship: St. Louis Cardinals beat Atlanta Braves, 3-0
  • 1982 MLB American League Championship: Milwaukee Brewers beat California Angels, 3 games to 2
  • 1983 17th Country Music Association Award: Alabama wins
  • 1983 Israel's Knesset votes 60-53 to endorse Yitzḥak Shamir as PM
  • 1983 Tom Monaghan becomes CEO of Detroit Tigers
  • 1983 NBC premiere of true life drama "Adam", based on John Walsh's son's murder
  • 1985 Sudan adopts interim constitution
  • 1985 US fighter jets force Egyptian plane carrying hijackers of Italian ship Achille Lauro to land in Italy, gunmen are placed in custody
  • 1986 7.5 Earthquake strikes San Salvador, El Salvador

Historic Event

1986 Shimon Peres resigns as Prime Minister of Israel

Album Release

1987 Columbia Records releases Bruce Springsteen's 8th studio album "Tunnel of Love"

  • 1987 Garfield Park Nature Center opens, latest in Cleveland Metroparks
  • 1987 Giant's Jeffrey Leonard hits playoff record HR in his 4th cons game
  • 1987 Hartford center Doug Jarvis ends his career having played an NHL record 964 consecutive games as the Whalers lose 6-2 to the New York Rangers
  • 1988 22nd Country Music Association Award: Highway 101, K. T. Oslin win
  • 1988 NBC premieres tele-biopic, "Winnie", starring Meredith Baxter and based on life of [Gwyanna] Winifred Sprockett
  • 1990 US 67th manned space mission STS 41 (Discovery 11) returns from space
  • 1990 American Petroleum Institute (API) reports crude inventories dropped by more than 4 MMB in the last week
  • 1990 MLB American League Championship: Oakland Athletics beat Boston Red Sox, 4 games to 0

Album Release

1990 Mexican singer and actress Thalia releases her debut album "Thalía"

  • 1991 Ex-postal worker Joseph Harris kills 4 postal workers
  • 1991 Greyhound Bus ends bankruptcy
  • 1991 US cuts all foreign aid to Haiti
  • 1992 Floriade (Flower Show) closes at Hague, Netherlands
  • 1993 NFL Cleveland Browns' Najee Mustafaa sets club record for longest interception (97 yds)
  • 1993 Ferry boat leaves for west coast of South Korea, 120 killed
  • 1994 Lt-general Raoul Cedras resigns as dictator of Haiti
  • 1994 MPAA chief Jack Valenti holds meeting to determine new movie ratings
  • 1994 Nobel prize for physiology awarded to Alfred G. Gilman & Martin Rodbell for G-protein discoveries
  • 1994 Value of Russian ruble decreases, 3081 rubles per dollar
  • 1995 "Garden District" opens at Circle in the Sq Theater NYC
  • 1995 Israel begins West Bank pullback, frees hundreds of Palestinian prisoners
  • 1995 Most Dutch telephone numbers increase to 10 digits
  • 1995 Robert E Lucas awarded Nobel Prize in economics
  • 1996 "Sex & Longing" opens at Cort Theater NYC
  • 1996 Cornerstone dedication for Holocaust Museum in New York City
  • 1997 Austral Airlines DC-9-32 crashes and explodes near Nuevo Berlin, Uruguay, killing 74

Election of Interest

2002 Former cricketer Imran Khan elected to the Pakistani Parliament after winning the seat of Mianwali-I

Nobel Prize

2002 American Vernon L. Smith and Daniel Kahneman awarded Nobel Prize for Economic Sciences for work in experiment economics

Nobel Prize

2002 Hungarian writer and Holocaust survivor Imre Kertész is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature

Nobel Prize

2003 Shirin Ebadi is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her significant and pioneering efforts for democracy and human rights, making her the 1st Iranian Muslim women to receive the prize