Historical Events on October 12

  • 539 BC The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon
  • 638 Honorius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope; Pope Severinus elected
  • 642 John IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1160 Maurice de Sully is elected bishop of Paris, will initiate plan to build Notre Dame
  • 1165 Jewish rabbi and philosopher Moses ben Maimon (aka Maimonides or the Rambam) reaches Jerusalem

Historic Event

1216 King John of England loses his crown jewels in The Wash as the flood tide swamps his wagons, probably near Fosdyke, perhaps near Sutton Bridge

  • 1279 Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, founder of Nichiren Buddhism, inscribes the Dai-Gohonzon
  • 1285 180 Jews refuse baptism in Munich Germany and are set on fire
  • 1366 King Frederick III of Siciliy forbids decorations on synagogues
  • 1398 The Treaty of Salynas is signed between Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas the Great and the Teutonic Knights, who received Samogitia.
  • 1459 Battle at Ludford Bridge: Richard of York defeated

Historic Expedition

1492 Christopher Columbus's expedition makes landfall on a Caribbean island he names San Salvador (likely Watling Island, Bahamas). The explorer believes he has reached East Asia (OS 21 Oct)

  • 1492 Flemish rebel leader Philip van Kleef surrenders

Historic Event

1504 Queen Isabella I of Spain signs her testament

  • 1509 Emperor Maximilian leaves Italy
  • 1549 John Dudley, Earl of Warwick, forces the Duke of Somerset out of his office as Lord Protector.

Historic Event

1576 Rudolf II succeeds Maximilian II as Holy Roman Emperor

  • 1609 Children's rhyme "Three Blind Mice" is published in London in a book edited by and possibly written by Thomas Ravenscroft
  • 1654 The Delft Explosion (gunpowder) devastates the city in the Netherlands, killing more than 100
  • 1659 English "Rump" Parliament dismisses John Lambert and other Parliamentary generals

Royal Coronation

1711 Charles VI is crowned Holy Roman Emperor in Frankfurt

  • 1729 Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Gelderland
  • 1730 Christian VI succeeds Frederik IV as king of Denmark

Historic Event

1740 English evangelist George Whitefield preaches to 30,000 people in Boston in the US during the 'Great Awakening'

  • 1773 America's first asylum opens for 'Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds' in Virginia
  • 1776 British Brigade begins guarding Throgg Necks Road in Bronx

French Revolution

1789 French Revolution: King Louis XVI writes secretly to the King of Spain about complaining of harsh treatment; the Count of Artois writes to the Austrian king requesting military intervention in France

  • 1792 First celebration of Columbus Day in the USA held in New York
  • 1798 Flemish uprising against French occupied Boerenkrijg
  • 1798 Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Lager" premieres in Weimar
  • 1815 Ex-king Joachim Murat of Naples sentenced to death
  • 1822 Second eruption of Galunggung in Java destroys summit of mountain
  • 1823 Charles Macintosh of Scotland begins selling raincoats (Macs)
  • 1836 18" of snow falls in Bridgewater, NY
  • 1853 John Morrissey wins boxing title, when Yankee Sullivan leaves ring after 36th round to slug Morrissey's fans
  • 1854 Ashmun Institute (later Lincoln University) opens near Oxford, Pennsylvania

Historic Event

1859 Self-proclaimed Emperor of the USA, Emperor Norton issues edict abolishing the US Congress

  • 1860 British & French troops capture Beijing
  • 1861 Confederate ironclad Manassas attack Union's Richmond on Mississippi

Historic Event

1862 Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart completes his "second ride around Mcclellan"

  • 1862 Major General Earl Van Dorn assumes command of Confederate troops in Mississippi
  • 1862 Skirmish at Monocacy, Maryland

Historic Event

1864 War of the Triple Alliance begins with Brazilian troops under the command of Gen. João Propício Mena Barreto invading Uruguay

  • 1871 US President Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan
  • 1872 Montreal Foot Ball Club 1st game playing Quebec City to 0-0 tie
  • 1879 British troops occupy Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 1881 Henry M Stanley signs contract with Congo monarch
  • 1886 Hurricane & sea surge kills 250 at Indianola Texas
  • 1891 Astronomical Society of France is inaugurated
  • 1892 US Pledge of Allegiance first recited in public schools during Columbus Day
  • 1898 Establishment of the first town council in Mateur.
  • 1899 South Africa Boer Republic declares war on Britain

Historic Event

1900 The first modern submarine is commissioned by the U.S. Navy as the USS Holland, named for its designer John Philip Holland

Historic Event

1901 Theodore Roosevelt renames the "Executive Mansion" as "The White House"

  • 1903 Lyric Theater opens at 213 W 42nd St NYC
  • 1907 Baseball World Series: Chicago Cubs beat Detroit Tigers, 2-0 at Bennett Park for 4-0-1 series victory; Cubs' first Championship
  • 1914 The First Battle of Ypres begins


1915 Despite international protest, Edith Cavell an English nurse in Belgium, is executed by the Germans for aiding the escape of Allied prisoners

Model T

1915 Ford Motor Company under Henry Ford manufactures its 1 millionth automobile at the River Rouge plant in Detroit

  • 1915 Theodore Roosevelt criticizes US citizens who identify themselves with dual nationalities
  • 1916 Baseball World Series: Boston Red Sox beat Brooklyn Robins, 4-1 at Braves Field to clinch series, 4-1 and retain title
  • 1918 Cloquet fire kills 453 and injures or displaces 52,000 people
  • 1920 Baseball World Series: Cleveland Indians beat Brooklyn Robins, 8-1 at League Park for a 5 games to 2 series victory; Indians first Championship
  • 1920 Construction begins on Holland Tunnel connecting NJ & NYC
  • 1920 Man O'War's last race & win
  • 1924 Sokolnicheskaya Radio begins broadcasting from Moscow
  • 1925 Albert Michelsen runs world record marathon (2:19:01.8)
  • 1925 German-Russian trade agreement signed
  • 1927 Hermann Goerner of Germany raises 24 men weighing 4,123 lbs on a plank with soles of his feet
  • 1928 1st use of iron lung (Boston's Children Hospital)
  • 1929 Chicago Cubs blow 8-0 Game 4s lead; Philadelphia A's score World Series record 10 runs in 1 inning in 10-8 win
  • 1931 1st International Conference on Calendar Reform

Christ the Redeemer

1931 Christ the Redeemer statue opens standing 30 meters high (98 ft) on top of Mount Corcovado overlooking Rio de Janeiro, built by engineer Heitor da Silva Costa

  • 1933 Alcatraz becomes a federal prison (unofficially)

Historic Event

1933 Gangster George Francis Barnes, aka Machine Gun Kelly, is sentenced to life imprisonment

Historic Event

1933 John Dillinger escapes from jail in Allen County, Ohio

Music Premiere

1935 Cole Porter's musical "Jubilee" opens at the Imperial Theatre, NYC; runs for 167 performances

  • 1941 Soviet government moves from Moscow to Volga as Nazis forces close in on Moscow
  • 1942 Successful Soviet counter attack through 37th Guard division
  • 1942 US navy defeats Japanese in WW II Battle of Cape Esperance
  • 1943 US bombs Rabaul, New Britain

Music Concert

1944 "Columbus Day Riot": 30,000 fans descend on NYC's Times Square for singer Frank Sinatra's performance at Paramount Theatre (capacity 3,500)

  • 1944 German army retreats from Athens

Sports History

1948 Casey Stengel takes over as Yankee manager

  • 1950 "Call Me Madam" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 644 performances
  • 1950 The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show debuts on CBS television, airs until 1958
  • 1952 Hanif Mohammad completes twin cricket centuries for Pakistan v North Zone (India) in Amritsar; 121 & 109 no
  • 1952 KBTV (now KUSA) TV channel 9 in Denver, CO (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 US & Greece sign peace treaty (US bases)
  • 1956 Marga Klompé becomes first Dutch women elected minister
  • 1957 "Mask & Gown" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 39 performances
  • 1957 "Simply Heavenly" closes at Playhouse Theater NYC after 62 performances
  • 1957 Canadian Prime Minister Lester Bowles Pearson wins Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1957 First commercial flight between California & Antarctica
  • 1958 CVP wins municipal elections in Belgium
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1958 WJRT TV channel 12 in Flint, MI (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1959 At the national congress of APRA in Peru a group of leftist radicals are expelled from the party. They will later form APRA Rebelde.
  • 1960 Japanese politician Inejiro Asanuma is assassinated with a sword during a televised debate live on TV by 17-year old nationalist Otoya Yamaguchi

United Nations Speech

1960 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev bangs his shoe on his desk at UN General Assembly session

  • 1961 "Let It Ride" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 68 performances
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1962 Infamous Columbus Day Storm strikes the U.S. Pacific Northwest with record wind velocities; 46 dead and at least U.S. $230 million in damages
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1962 US/USSR sign joint space effort in telecommunications & meteorology
  • 1963 "Student Gypsy" closes at 84th St Theater NYC after 16 performances
  • 1963 Archaeological digs begin at Masada, Israel
  • 1963 Final event at Polo Grounds, New York City; 14,235 attend 1st (and only) "Latino All-Star Game" - National League wins 5-2 over American League; festivities include a concert by Tito Puente [1]
  • 1963 San Francisco's Oakland Bay Bridge converted to 1-way on each deck
  • 1964 American Don Schollander swims an Olympic record 53.4s to beat Briton Robert McGregor by 0.1s and win the 100m freestyle gold medal in Tokyo; first of Schollander's 4 gold medals at the Games
  • 1964 KCSM TV channel 60 in San Mateo-SF, CA (PBS) begins
  • 1964 Launch of Voskhod 1, first time 3 people in space (Komarov, Feokistov, Yegorov)
  • 1964 WSBK TV channel 38 in Boston, MA (IND/ABC/CBS/NBC) begin
  • 1964 WUCM TV channel 19 in University Center, MI (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 Baseball World Series: Lou Brock steals WS record 7 bases as St Louis Cardinals beat Boston Red Sox, 7-2 at Fenway Park for a 4-3 series win; MVP: Cards pitcher Bob Gibson

Theatrical Finale

1968 "Noël Coward's Sweet Potato" closes at Barrymore Theater, NYC, after 17 performances

  • 1968 Enriqueta Basilio, Mexican track and field athlete becomes 1st woman to light Olympic flame at 19th Summer Olympics, in Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1968 Equatorial Guinea (Spanish Guinea) declares independence from Spain
  • 1968 IXX Summer Olympic Games open at Mexico City, Mexico; first Olympics in Latin America
  • 1969 1st time 5 people in space simultaneously (Soyez 6 & Soyez 7)
  • 1969 KDB-AM in Santa Barbara, California changes call letters to KAPN
  • 1969 KHOF (now KAGL) TV channel 30 in San Bernardino/Glenda, California (IND) begins
  • 1969 Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 7 is launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome in southern Kazakhstan
  • 1970 Rock Memorabilia Auction at Filmore East

Music History

1971 Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice's rock opera "Jesus Christ Superstar", starring Jeff Fenholt and Ben Vereen opens at Mark Hellinger Theatre, NYC; runs for 711 performances

  • 1972 "Hurry, Harry" opens at Ritz Theater NYC for 2 performances
  • 1972 46 sailors injured in race riot on American aircraft carrier USS Kitty Hawk
  • 1972 Billy Harris failed in 1st Islander penalty shot
  • 1972 Mariner 9 takes pictures of Martian north pole
  • 1972 MLB American League Championship: Oakland Athletics beat Detroit Tigers, 3 games to 2
  • 1973 Israeli counter offensive in southern Syria
  • 1974 1st time Wash Caps are shutout as they are beat 6-0 by Minnesota
  • 1975 American Jacqueline Hansen runs women's world record marathon 2:38:19 in the Nike OTC Marathon, Eugene, Oregon
  • 1975 Archbishop Oliver Plunkett became 1st Irish-born saint in 7 centuries
  • 1975 NASA launches space vehicle S-195

Historic Event

1976 Hua Guo-feng succeeds Mao Zedong as chairman of Communist Party

  • 1976 MLB National League Championship: Cincinnati Reds beat Philadelphia Phillies, 3 games to 0
  • 1977 "Throwaway Game" Catfish Hunter loses WS 6-1 resting Yank pitchers
  • 1977 4th test of space shuttle Enterprise
  • 1977 Psychic Romark attempts to drive blindfolded, smashed into cop van
  • 1977 US Supreme Court heard arguments in "reverse discrimination" case of Allan Bakke, white student denied admission to University of California Med School
  • 1978 Representatives of Israel & Egypt open talks in Washington

Murder of Interest

1978 Sid Vicious charged with murder of girlfriend Nancy Spungen

NBA Record

1979 Boston Celtics guard Chris Ford scores first 3-point basket in NBA history in 1st quarter of 114-106 win v Houston at Boston Garden; game also marks debut of Boston rookie Larry Bird

Sports History

1979 Future Basketball Hall of Fame forward Magic Johnson makes his debut for Los Angeles Lakers at the San Diego Clippers; Lakers win, 103-102

  • 1979 The lowest recorded non-tornadic atmospheric pressure, 87.0 kPa (870 mbar or 25.69 inHg), occurred in Guam, in the Western Pacific during Typhoon Tip
  • 1979 Typhoon Tip becomes the most intense tropical cyclone ever recorded with peak sustained winds of 305km/h (190mph) and a wind diameter of 2,220km (1,380mi)
  • 1980 "Your Arm's Too Short to Box With God" closes at Ambassador Theater, NYC, after 149 performances
  • 1980 7 stabbed at Blood, Sweat & Tears concert in Los Angeles
  • 1980 MLB National League Championship: Philadelphia Phillies beat Houston Astros, 3 games to 2
  • 1981 "Marlowe" opens at Rialto Theater NYC for 48 performances
  • 1982 38.6 cm (15.2") of rainfall, Angoon Alaska (state record)

Baseball Record

1982 Milwaukee Brewer Paul Molitor gets World series record 5 hits

  • 1983 5225 Loral & 5424 Covington

Historic Event

1984 IRA bombs the Grand Hotel, Brighton, where British PM Margaret Thatcher is staying, 5 die

  • 1985 Challenger moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) for maintenance of STS 61A mission
  • 1985 Intl Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear War receives Nobel Prize
  • 1985 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1986 California Angels within 1 pitch of pennant victory lose to Red Sox

Historic Event

1986 Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, visit the People's Republic of China

  • 1987 21st Country Music Association Award: Hank William Jr wins

Music Single

1987 George Harrison releases single "Got My Mind Set On You", becomes his third solo #1 hit, and the last chart-topper by any of the Beatles

  • 1987 Minnesota Twins beat Detroit Tigers, 9-5 in ALCS Game 5 at Tiger Stadium for 4-1 series win; go on to win club's first Baseball World Series
  • 1987 Oscar Arias (Costa Rican Pres) wins Nobel Peace Prize

Meeting of Interest

1988 George H. W. Bush and Michael Dukakis meet in their second presidential debate

  • 1988 Israel & China sign trade deal, plan diplomatic relations
  • 1988 MLB National League Championship: Los Angeles Dodgers beat New York Mets, 4 games to 3

Historic Event

1988 Pope John Paul II is the target of anti-papal heckling by Protestant leader Ian Paisley at a European Parliament meeting in Strasbourgh, France

Sports History

1989 Dallas running back Herschel Walker is traded from Cowboys to Minnesota Vikings for 5 players and 6 future draft picks including future stars Emmitt Smith, Russell Maryland, Kevin Smith and Darren Woodson

  • 1989 Musical "Buddy" with Paul Hipp premieres in London
  • 1990 MLB National League Championship: Cincinnati Reds beat Pittsburgh Pirates, 4 games to 2
  • 1990 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1991 Boxer Hector Comacho arrested for driving while getting oral sex

Sports History

1991 Doug Flutie of BC Lions sets CFL passing record of 582 yards despite losing to Edmonton Eskimos, 45-38 in overtime

  • 1991 Mike Lerch of Princeton ties NCAA record with 370 receiving yards
  • 1991 Professional wrestler Rip is Oliver forced to retire after being injured by Crush
  • 1991 Statler Brothers Show premieres on TNN
  • 1992 5.8 earthquake at Cairo (at least 510 die)
  • 1992 Arecibo radio telescope begins Microwave Observing Project search for occupied planets

Boxing Title Fight

1992 Brett "Hitman" Hart beats Ric Flair for WWF heavyweight title

  • 1992 Expo '92 closes in Seville Spain
  • 1992 Howard Stern radio show premieres in Albany NY (WQBK 103.5 & 103.9 FM)
  • 1992 Wash Redskin Art Monk sets NFL record with 820th reception
  • 1993 "Mixed Emotions" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 48 performances
  • 1993 MLB American League Championship: Toronto Blue Jays beat Chicago White Sox, 4 games to 2
  • 1994 Contact with NASA Venus orbitter Magellan broken
  • 1994 Iranian Fokker F28 explodes between Isfahan and Tehran, killing 66
  • 1995 "Patti LuPone on Broadway" opens at Walter Kerr NYC for 46 performances

Farm Aid Concert

1996 Farm Aid IX held in Columbia, South Carolina; performers include Willie Nelson, John Mellencamp, Neil Young, Hootie and the Blowfish, The Beach Boys, Son Volt, Robert Earl Keen, Martina McBride, Jewel, and John Conlee [1]

  • 1997 Sidi Daoud massacre in Algeria; 43 killed at a fake roadblock

Sports History

1999 Pat LaFontaine formally retires from the NHL due to lingering concussion problems

  • 1999 The Day of Six Billion: the proclaimed 6 billionth living human in the world is born
  • 2000 American destroyer USS Cole is badly damaged in Aden, Yemen, by two suicide bombers, killing 17 crew members and wounding at least 39
  • 2002 Terrorists explode two bombs in Bali's nightclub district killing 202 and injuring 209 mostly foreign tourists
  • 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup Final, Home Depot Center, Carson, CA: Nia Künzer scores winner in sudden death extra time as Germany beats Sweden, 2-1