On This Day

Historical Events on October 17

  • 79 Mt. Vesuvius erupts, burying the cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplontis and Stabiae and killing thousands. New research in 2018 suggests the eruption occurred on or after this date not the previously used 24 August. [1] [2]
  • 415 Jewish autonomy in Palestine ended by the Romans and Raban Gamliel forced from office
  • 532 Boniface II ends his reign as Catholic Pope

Battle of Interest

1346 Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England at Calais, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years

  • 1387 Swells convent Windesheim initiated
  • 1404 Cosma de' Migliorati elected Pope Innocentius VII
  • 1448 Second Battle of Kosovo, where the mainly Hungarian army led by John Hunyadi were defeated by an Ottoman army led by Sultan Murad II.
  • 1456 The University of Greifswald is established, making it the second oldest university in northern continental Europe (also for a period the oldest in Sweden, and Prussia)
  • 1483 Tomas de Torquemada appointed inquisitor-general of Spain
  • 1556 Ex-emperor Karel departs Netherland for Spain

Historic Event

1651 Future King Charles II flees from England

Execution

1660 Nine Regicides, the men who signed the death warrant of Charles I, are hanged, drawn and quartered, another is hanged.

  • 1662 Charles II of Great Britain sells Dunkirk to France for 2.5 million livres (320,000 English pounds)
  • 1691 New royal charter for Massachusetts, now including Maine, Plymouth
  • 1720 Pierre de Marivaux' "Arlequin Poli Par l'Amour" premieres in Paris
  • 1740 Ivan VI becomes Tsar of Russia

Historic Event

1776 Captain James Cook arrives in Cape Town with Resolution on his 3rd trip to Pacific Ocean

  • 1777 British General John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga during the American Revolutionary War
  • 1787 Boston African Americans petition legislature for equal school facilities
  • 1797 Peace of Campo Formio: Austrian Dutch possessions & France
  • 1800 Dutch colony Curacao transfererd to Great Britain
  • 1806 Former leader of the Haitian Revolution, Emperor Jacques I of Haiti is assassinated
  • 1808 Political rights of Jews suspended in Duchy of Warsaw
  • 1814 A Beer Flood occurs in London killing nine.

Music Premiere

1825 1st opera by Franz Liszt, "Don Sanche" premieres in Paris

  • 1829 Delaware River & Chesapeake Bay Canal formally opens
  • 1829 1st supposed attack on abandoned German teenager Kaspar Hauser

Music Concert

1831 Felix Mendelssohn's 1st Piano concert in G, premieres in Munich, with the composer as soloist

  • 1850 Knickerbocker Engine Co Number 5 organized
  • 1854 French and British forces bombard Sevastopol for the first time during the Crimean War
  • 1855 Bessemer steelmaking process patented
  • 1860 1st British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Willie Park Sr. wins inaugural event by 2 strokes from fellow Scot Tom Morris Sr
  • 1862 Battle of Leetown & Thoroughfare Gap, VA
  • 1868 Constitution of Grand Duchy of Luxembourg comes into effect
  • 1871 Great Britain annexes Griqualand, South Africa

Historic Event

1871 US President Ulysses S. Grant suspends habeas corpus in parts of South Carolina during prosecutions against Ku Klux Klan

Election of Interest

1878 After serving as the opposition for five years, John A. Macdonald is re-elected as Prime Minister of Canada

  • 1885 Baseball sets all players salaries at $1,000-$2,000 for 1885 season

Historic Invention

1888 Thomas Edison files a patent for the Optical Phonograph (the first movie)

  • 1894 Ohio national guard kills 3 lynchers while rescuing a black man
  • 1896 Anton Tsjechovs "Chayka" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1899 Sutro railroad sold to Robert F Morrow for $215,000
  • 1900 Bernhard von Bülow becomes German Chancellor

Historic Event

1904 Bank of Italy (Bank of America), founded by Amadeo Giannini, opens its doors in San Francisco

Historic Event

1907 Guglielmo Marconi's company begins the first commercial transatlantic wireless service between Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada and Clifden, Ireland

  • 1912 Bulgaria, Greece & Serbia declares war on Turkey
  • 1916 Dutch women demonstrate for female suffrage
  • 1917 1st British bombing of Germany
  • 1918 De Kooy airport in Netherlands opens
  • 1918 Yugoslavia proclaims itself a republic
  • 1919 Radio Corporation of America (RCA) is created as a subsidiary of General Electric
  • 1920 Chicago Bears (as Decatur Staleys) play 1st NFL game, win 7-0
  • 1921 Belgium's public library law goes into force
  • 1922 Scottish worker begins hunger march from Glasgow on London
  • 1923 Catholic University of Nijmegen Neth opens

Sports History

1927 Ban Johnson, in failing health, retires as AL President

Historic Event

1931 Gangster Al Capone is convicted on five of the 23 counts of tax evasion against him, later fined $50,000 and sentenced to 11 years in jail

Historic Event

1933 Albert Einstein arrives in US as a refugee from Nazi Germany

  • 1934 "The Aldrich Family" premieres on radio
  • 1935 Pacific Association of AAU votes not to participate in Berlin Olympics

Film Release

1939 "Mr. Smith Goes to Washington", directed by Frank Capra and starring James Stewart and Jean Arthur, is released

  • 1940 German occupiers issue identity cards
  • 1941 USS Kearney becomes the 1st US destroyer torpedoed in World War II, while the country is still officially neutral
  • 1943 Liberators sink U-540 & U-631

Death Railway Completed

1943 Burma railway completed, built by Allied POWs and Asian laborers for use of the Japanese army

Historic Event

1945 Loyalty Day in Argentina, mass demonstrations held to release Juan Perón

  • 1951 Egyptian army fires on British troops
  • 1954 Philadelphia Eagle Adrian Burk passes for 7 touchdowns vs Wash (49-21)
  • 1955 Lee Merriwether joins Today Show panel
  • 1956 England's 1st large scale nuclear power station opens
  • 1956 Pakistan defeat Australia by nine wickets at 1st attempt

Film Premier

1956 "Around the World in 80 Days", based on the book by Jules Verne, directed by Michael Anderson and starring David Nivon and Cantinflas, premieres in New York

Sports History

1956 Chess "Game of the Century": 13-year-old Bobby Fischer defeats 1953 U.S. Champion Donald Byrne in the Rosenwald Memorial Tournament at the Marshall Chess Club in New York City

  • 1957 "Copper & Brass" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 36 performances

Historic Event

1957 Britain's Queen Elizabeth & Prince Philip visit the White House

  • 1957 Dike Marken-Dutch mainland closed

Nobel Prize

1957 French author Albert Camus awarded Nobel Prize in Literature

  • 1957 II Tsjoendrigar becomes premier of Pakistan
  • 1959 "Billy Barnes Revue" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 87 performances

Historic Event

1959 Queen Elizabeth II is fined $140 for withdrawing her race horse

  • 1959 Stinchcomb Memorial in Cleveland Metroparks' dedicated
  • 1960 "Tenderloin" opens at 46th St Theater, NYC; runs for 216 performances
  • 1960 US & Britain sign an accord granting US access to the British nuclear submarine base in Holy Loch, Scotland
  • 1961 22nd congress of CPSU opens in Moscow
  • 1961 Battle of Paris-police kill 210 Algerians

Historic Event

1961 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A. Walker takes X-15 to 33,100 m

Historic Event

1961 NY Museum of Modern Art hangs Henri Matisse's "Le Bateau" upside-down It wasn't corrected until December 3rd

  • 1962 Yanks beat Giants for 20th world championship
  • 1963 "Jennie" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 82 performances
  • 1963 The Beatles record "I Want to Hold Your Hand" at EMI Studios in London
  • 1964 In the first ever Olympic women's pentathlon Irina Press of the Soviet Union sets a world record 5,246 points to win the gold medal at the Tokyo Games

Sports History

1964 New York Yankees catcher fire Manager Yogi Berra

  • 1964 Australian athlete Betty Cuthbert takes her 4th career Olympic gold medal as she wins the women's 400m at the Tokyo Games in Olympic record 52.0
  • 1964 US swimmers go 1-2-3 in the women's 400m individual medley at the Tokyo Olympics; Donna de Varona wins gold in Olympic record 5:18.7 ahead of teammates Sharon Finneran and Martha Randall
  • 1965 Burton Lane and Alan Jay Lerner's musical "On A Clear Day You Can See Forever", starring Barbara Harris and John Cullum, opens at he Mark Hellinger Theatre, NYC; runs for 280 performances
  • 1965 WBMG TV channel 42 in Birmingham, AL (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 "Hair" premieres on Broadway

Music History

1967 Barbra Streisand stars on "Belle of 14th Street" special on CBS

Historic Event

1967 Memorial service for Brian Epstein at New London Synagogue

  • 1967 William "Pete" Knight in X-15 reaches 85 km
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Film Release

1968 "Bullitt" directed by Peter Yates and starring Steve McQueen and Jacqueline Bisset is 1st released

  • 1968 Soviet athlete Viktor Saneev sets world record 17.39m to win the triple jump at the Mexico City Olympics; world record improved 5 times by 3 different athletes during competition

World Record

1968 US men's 4 x 100m freestyle relay team of Zac Zorn, Stephen Rerych, Ken Walsh & Mark Spitz swim world record 3:31.7 to outclass the Soviet Union & Australia and win the gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics

  • 1968 Björn Ferm of Sweden beats Hungary's András Balczó by just 11 points to take the gold medal in the modern pentathlon at the Mexico City Olympics
  • 1969 NY Nets move from Comack to Island Garden, Hempstead NY
  • 1969 Plastic Ono Band's "Cold Turkey" is released in UK
  • 1969 Soyuz 7 returns to Earth

Historic Event

1970 Anwar Sadat sworn in as the 3rd President of Egypt

  • 1971 Cleveland Metroparks' Rocky River Nature Center opens

Sports History

1971 Baseball World Series: Pittsburgh Pirates beat Baltimore Orioles, 2-1 at Memorial Stadium to claim championship. 4-3; MVP: Pirates outfielder Roberto Clemente

  • 1971 It is estimated today that approximately 16,000 households were withholding rent and rates for council houses as part of the campaign of civil disobedience against internment organised by the Social Democratic and Labour Party, Northern Ireland
  • 1972 1st time Islanders shut-out-5-0 vs Penguins
  • 1972 Bob Randall's "6 Rooms Riv Vu," premieres in NYC

#1 in the Charts

1972 Chuck Berry's "My Ding-a-Lng," is #1

  • 1972 The Ulster Defence Association open fire on the British Army in several areas of Belfast
  • 1973 OPEC oil ministers use oil as an economic weapon in the Arab-Israeli War, mandating a cut in exports and recommending an embargo against unfriendly states [1]
  • 1974 "Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope" closes at Playhouse NYC after 1065 per
  • 1974 NBA New Orleans Jazz begin a 28 game road losing streak
  • 1974 Washington Capitals 1st NHL home victory, beating Chicago 4-3
  • 1974 Baseball World Series: Oakland A's 3-peat; beat LA Dodgers, 3-2 in Oakland for 4-1 series win; MVP: A's pitcher Rollie Fingers
  • 1975 1st Space Shuttle main engine test at National Space Tech Labs, Miss
  • 1975 UN passes resolution saying "Zionism is a form of racism"
  • 1976 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1976 Coldest World Series game; Reds beat NY Yankees, 4-3 in Game 2 at Riverfront Stadium, Cincinnati; 39 degrees F (until 1997)
  • 1977 Canada begins regular live TV coverage of Parliament
  • 1977 West German commandos storm hijacked Lufthansa in Mogadishu, Somalia freeing all 86 hostages & killing 3 of 4 hijackers
  • 1978 NY Islanders start a streak of 23 undefeated games at home (15-0-8)
  • 1978 Baseball World Series: NY Yankees repeat as champions; beat LA, 7-2 at Dodger Stadium for 4-2 series victory; MVP: NY shortstop Bucky Dent

Historic Event

1978 President Jimmy Carter signs bill restoring US citizenship to Jefferson Davis

  • 1978 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1978 Yanks win 22nd World Championship capping their great comeback year
  • 1979 "Beatlemania" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 920 performances
  • 1979 D Bautista of Mexico completes 20,000 m walk in record 1:20:06.8

Nobel Prize

1979 Mother Teresa of Calcutta awarded Nobel Peace Prize

Sports History

1979 Baseball World Series: Pittsburgh Pirates beat Baltimore Orioles, 4-1 at Memorial Stadium for 4 games to 3 series win; MVP: Pirates 1B Willie Stargell

  • 1979 US President Jimmy Carter signs legislation creating Department of Education
  • 1980 1st-class debut of Mike Whitney, NSW v Qld (2-52 & 1-39)
  • 1981 Brazilian Nelson Piquet driving for Brabham finishes 5th in the season ending Caesars Palace Grand Prix in Las Vegas to clinch his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by 1 point from Carlos Reutemann
  • 1982 1st live orchestra on a US commercial network since 1954 (National Symphony)
  • 1982 Robin Yount is 1st to have 2 4-hit games in a World Series
  • 1982 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1983 Nobel Prize in Economics awarded to Gérard Debreu
  • 1983 STS-9 vehicle moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) due to SRB nozzle problem

Television Debut

1983 Talk show "The Sally Jessy Raphael Show" with Sally Jessy Raphael debuts on KSDK

  • 1984 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Bruce Merrifield
  • 1985 French author Claude Simon wins the Nobel Prize for Literature
  • 1985 Lou Piniella named NY Yankee manager
  • 1986 US Senate approved immigration bill prohibiting hiring of illegal aliens & offered amnesty to illegals who entered prior to 1982

Historic Event

1986 Yitzhak Rabin forms Israeli government

  • 1987 "Late Nite Comic" closes at Ritz Theater NYC after 4 performances
  • 1987 1st indoor World Series game (Minnesota Metrodome)

Historic Event

1987 US First Lady Nancy Reagan undergoes a modified radical mastectomy

  • 1988 31 reported dead as Ugandan jetliner crashes in fog near Rome
  • 1988 Dallas Green replaces Lou Pinella as manager of NY Yankees
  • 1988 Lyndon LaRouche pleads innocent to fraud, conspiracy indictment
  • 1988 Phillip Morris announces $11 Billion tender offer for Kraft
  • 1988 Rockin Robin beats "Sensational" Sherri Martel for WWF woman's title

Album Release

1988 Traveling Wilburys release debut album "Volume 1", featuring the single "Handle With Care"; pseudonymous band members include Roy Orbison, Bob Dylan, George Harrison, Jeff Lynne, and Tom Petty

  • 1989 Earthquake in San Francisco (6.9) cancels 3rd game of World Series, kills 67

Music History

1990 "Jackie Mason - Brand New" opens at Neil Simon Theater, NYC; runs for 216 performances

  • 1990 "Les Miserables" opens at Imperial Theatre, NY & His Majesty's Theatre, Perth

Music History

1990 Green Day singer Billie Joe Armstrong drops out of school to pursue a career in music

Sports History

1991 Ángel Cordero Jr. is 3rd jockey to win 7,000 horse races

  • 1991 News anchor Bree Walker Lampley files an FCC complaint that LA radio KFI-AM personally attacked her by discussing her having a disformed baby

Sports History

1991 Pitts Penguin Paul Coffey sets NHL defenseman scoring record with 1,053 career points (309 goals & 744 assists)

  • 1991 MLB National League Championship: Atlanta Braves beat Pittsburgh Pirates, 4 games to 3
  • 1991 Blue Man Group's 1st performance in New York City
  • 1992 1st Baseball World Series featuring non-American team; Game 1: Toronto Blue Jays lose 3-1 to Braves at Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium

Music Concert

1994 Billy Joel performs opening concert at Cleveland's Gund Arena

Sports History

1994 Kapil Dev's final one-day international (v West Indies)

  • 1995 Keith Moore sentenced to 6 years for robbing Sting of $9,000,000
  • 1995 MLB American League Championship: Cleveland Indians beat Seattle Mariners, 4 games to 2
  • 1996 "Taking Sides" opens at Atkinson Theater NYC
  • 1996 MLB National League Championship: Atlanta Braves beat St. Louis Cardinals, 4 games to 3
  • 1998 At Jesse, in the Niger Delta, Nigeria, a petroleum pipeline explodes killing about 1200 villagers, some of whom are scavenging gasoline.
  • 2000 Train crash at Hatfield, north of London, leading to collapse of Railtrack
  • 2000 MLB American League Championship: New York Yankees beat Seattle Mariners, 4 games to 2
  • 2003 Pinnacle fitted on the roof of Taipei 101, a 101-floor skyscraper in Taipei, allowing it to surpass the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur by 50 meters (165 feet) to become World's tallest high-rise
  • 2003 Eunuchs in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh float the political party Jiti Jitayi Politics.

Television Premiere

2005 "The Colbert Report" hosted by Stephen Colbert first airs on US TV

  • 2006 The United States population reaches 300 million

Historic Event

2007 The Dalai Lama receives the United States Congressional Gold Medal

Sports History

2008 Sachin Tendulkar becomes the highest run-scorer ever in test cricket beating Brian Lara's record and passing 12,000 runs against Australia in Mohali

  • 2008 Iran's attempt to create the world's largest sandwich (1,500 metres) fails when crowds eat it before it can be measured
  • 2012 Exoplanet Alpha Centauri Bb discovered orbiting Alpha Centauri announced (later thought to be a false finding)

Sports History

2012 Lance Armstrong loses a host of endorsements in the wake of his doping scandal

  • 2012 Tens of thousands protest against austerity measures in Greece
  • 2013 59 people are killed in a wave of attacks on Shia Muslims in Iraq

Television Premiere

2015 Amy Schumer's comedy special "Amy Schumer: Live at the Apollo" premieres on HBO

Sports History

2015 Star forward Cristiano Ronaldo becomes Real Madrid's all-time leading scorer across all competitions, overtaking club legend Raul with his 324th goal in a 3-0 win over Levante

  • 2016 Chinese spacecraft Shenzhou-11 launched from Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre in northern China
  • 2017 Islamic State headquarters Raqqa declared under full control of US-led alliance by Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) spokesman Talal Sello after 4 months of fighting

Historic Event

2017 Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte declares city of Marawi "liberated" from militants

  • 2017 American short-story writer George Saunders wins the Man Booker Prize for his first novel "Lincoln in the Bardo"

Historic Event

2017 George Soros announces he has donated $18 billion to his grantmaking network the Open Society Foundations

  • 2018 India's junior foreign minister MJ Akbar is highest official to resign in #MeToo case after sexual harassment accusations by numerous women