Historical Events on October 18

  • 707 John VII ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1009 The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem is destroyed by the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, who hacks the Church's foundations down to bedrock
  • 1016 Danes defeat Saxons at Battle of Assandun (Ashingdon)
  • 1081 Battle of Dyrrhachium: Southern Italian Normans under Robert Guiscard defeat Byzantine army under Alexios I Komnenos (modern Durrës, Albania)
  • 1240 Ukrainian city of Chernigov surrenders, despite this still sacked and pillaged by Mongolian army of Batu
  • 1267 Battle at Marienholz: Henry III, Otto II van Gelre beat Keuls archbishop Engelbert III
  • 1356 Basel earthquake, the most significant historic seismological event north of the Alps, destroys Basel in Switzerland.
  • 1386 Opening of the University of Heidelberg
  • 1534 New pursuit of French protestants
  • 1561 Fourth Battle of Kawanakajima -- Takeda Shingen defeats Uesugi Kenshin in the climax of their ongoing conflict
  • 1564 John Hawkins begins 2nd trip to America
  • 1572 Spanish troops attack Maastricht

Treaty of Interest

1622 French King Louis XIII & Huguenots sign Treaty of Montpellier

  • 1648 1st labor organization forms in North American colonies (Boston Shoemakers)
  • 1667 English fleet plunders Suriname plantations
  • 1672 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Buczacz

Event of Interest

1685 French King Louis XIV revokes Edict of Nantes cancelling rights of French Protestants

  • 1748 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle signed, ending War of Austrian Succession
  • 1752 Premiere of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's opera "Le Devin du Village" (The Village Soothsayer), before the royal court at Fontainebleau, France
  • 1767 Boundary between Maryland and Pennsylvania, the Mason–Dixon line is agreed upon

Event of Interest

1775 African-American poet Phillis Wheatley freed from slavery

  • 1776 Battle of Pelham: Colonel John Glover & Marblehead regiment meet British Forces in Bronx
  • 1776 In a bar decorated with bird tail in Elmsford, New York, a customer requests a glassful of “those cock tails” from bartender Betsy Flanagan

Event of Interest

1776 Tadeusz Kościuszko receives a commission from US Congress as a colonel of engineers in the Continental Army

Event of Interest

1790 Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling is granted permission to enroll at the Tübinger Stift at an earlier age than usually permitted

Music Premiere

1855 Franz Liszt's symphonic poem "Prometheus" premieres

  • 1860 The Second Opium War finally ends at the Convention of Peking with the ratification of the Treaty of Tientsin, an unequal treaty.
  • 1862 Morgan's raiders capture federal garrison at Lexington, KY
  • 1863 Battle of Charlestown, WV

Alaska Purchase

1867 Alaska Purchase: US takes formal possession of Alaska from Russia, having paid $7.2 million

Event of Interest

1869 Henrik Ibsen's "De Unges Forbund" (The League of Youth) premieres in Christiania (Oslo), Norway

  • 1873 1st football game between Toronto Argonauts & Hamilton Tigers
  • 1873 Columbia Princeton Rutgers & Yale set rules for collegiate football
  • 1878 Anti-socialist laws are ratified in Germany
  • 1878 Edison makes electricity available for household use
  • 1889 First all-NYC "World Championship" Baseball Series; New York Giants (NL) play Brooklyn Bridegrooms (AA); Giants go on to win series, 6-3
  • 1892 1st commercial long-distance phone line opens (Chicago-NY)
  • 1898 American flag raised in Puerto Rico
  • 1900 Count Bernard von Bulow becomes Chancellor of Germany, famous for first referring to Germany's need for 'place in the sun' and global empire
  • 1901 Belgium's Louise of den Plas begins activities towards women rights

Music Premiere

1904 Gustav Mahler's 5th symphony premieres in Cologne, Germany

  • 1908 Belgium annexes Congo Free State
  • 1909 Comte de Lambert of France sets airplane altitude record of 300 m

Historic Publication

1910 E. M. Forster publishes novel "Howards End"

Sports History

1912 Black boxer Jack Johnson arrested for violating the Mann Act for "transporting women across state lines for immoral purposes" due to his relationship with white woman Lucille Cameron, allegedly a prostitute. Later convicted by an all-white jury and sentenced to a year in prison.

  • 1912 The First Balkan War breaks out, with Bulgaria, Serbia, and Greece opposed to Turkey
  • 1914 Schoenstatt Movement is founded in Germany
  • 1915 3rd Italian offensive at Isonzo
  • 1918 Czechoslovakia declares independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • 1918 NHL's Quebec Bulldogs sold to a Toronto businessman P. J. Quinn
  • 1918 Russian 10th Army drives out White armies of Tsaritsyn (Stalingrad)
  • 1919 Belvin Maynard wins the first transcontinental air race in round trip of nine days, four hours, 25 minutes and 12 seconds, race costs nine lives with 54 crashes or forced landings

Event of Interest

1919 David Beatty is created 1st Earl Beatty, Viscount Borodale, and Baron Beatty of the North Sea and Brooksby

  • 1921 Biding its time, Soviet Russia agrees to independence for the Crimea

Historic Invention

1921 Charles Strite granted US patent #1,394,450 for his invention, the automatic pop-up toaster

  • 1922 British Broadcasting Company (BBC) founded, later called British Broadcasting Corporation

Sports History

1924 Harold "Red" Grange, finest collegiate football game (4 long TD runs)

  • 1924 Notre Dame beats Army 13-7, NY Hearld Tribune dubs them (4 Horsemen)
  • 1925 -20] French Gen Sarrail bombs Damascus

Baseball Record

1925 Salt Lake City (PCL) Tony Lazzeri hits his 60th HR of the season

Historic Publication

1926 Frankfurter Zeitung publishes Lenin's political testament

  • 1929 Women are considered "Persons" under Canadian law
  • 1930 Joseph Sylvester becomes 1st jockey to win 7 races in 1 day

Event of Interest

1931 American gangster Al Capone convicted of tax evasion

  • 1932 Belgium government of Renkin falls

Music Premiere

1939 Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart's musical "Too Many Girls" premieres in NYC

  • 1940 Kaufman & Harts "George Washington Slept Here" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 Soviet spy Richard Sorge arrested in Tokyo

Event of Interest

1942 Hitler orders captured allied commandos to be killed

  • 1943 US bombing of Bougainville, Solomon Island
  • 1944 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
  • 1945 Paul Robeson wins Spingarn Medal for singing & acting achievements

Music Premiere

1946 Aaron Copland's 3rd Symphony premieres

  • 1948 Operation 10 Plagues - Israeli offensive against Egyptian army
  • 1951 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1952 "Buttrio Square" closes at New Century Theater NYC after 7 performances
  • 1952 Date of the first Mad Magazine issue
  • 1952 Vinoo Mankad takes 13 Pakistan wkts to win 1st India-Pak clash
  • 1953 Willie Thrower becomes 1st black NFL quarterback in modern times
  • 1953 WLJT TV channel 11 in Lexington, TN (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 WTVK TV channel 26 in Knoxville, TN (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 Hurricane Hazel becomes most severe to ever hit the US, killing 195 in US and Canada
  • 1954 Texas Instruments Inc. announces the first transistor radio.
  • 1954 WBTW TV channel 13 in Florence, SC (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 WNBC radio changes call letters to WRCA (NYC)
  • 1955 Buganda Agreement between Andrew Cohen, Governor of Uganda Protectorate, and Mutesa II, Kabaka of Buganda

Sports History

1955 Track & Field names Jesse Owens all-time track athlete

  • 1955 University of California discovers anti-proton

Television Debut

1957 "The Frank Sinatra Show" television variety/drama anthology series debuts on ABC; the singer-actor is given almost complete control of the program

Sports History

1960 Casey Stengel retired by NY Yankees (won 10 pennants in 12 years)

  • 1960 In Britain, News Chronicle & Daily Mail merge and London Evening Star merges with Evening News
  • 1961 Emergency crisis proclaimed in South Vietnam due to communist attack

Film Release

1961 Film adaptation of the 1957 Broadway musical "West Side Story", directed by Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins, and starring Natalie Wood, debuts (Academy Award - Best Picture, 1962)

Nobel Prize

1962 James Watson (US), Francis Crick (UK) and Maurice Wilkins (UK) win the Nobel Prize for Medicine for their work in determining the structure of DNA [1]

Meeting of Interest

1962 JFK meets Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs Andrei Gromyko

Music Recording

1962 Tony Sheridan & Beat Brothers record "Let's Dance"

  • 1962 US launches Ranger 5 for lunar impact; misses Moon
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • 1963 IOC votes Mexico City to host 1968 Olympics
  • 1964 Australian swimmer Kevin Berry sets world record 2:06.6 to beat American Carl Robie by 0.9s and win the men's 200m backstroke gold medal at the Tokyo Olympics
  • 1966 "Apple Tree" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 463 performances

Film Release

1966 "Persona", Swedish film directed by Ingmar Bergman, starring Bibi Andersson and Liv Ullmann, is released

  • 1967 MLB American League votes to allow Kansas City Athletics to move to Oakland, California & expand league to 12 teams in 1971 with Kansas City & Seattle teams - later accelerated to 1969 due to pressure from Kansas City politicians
  • 1967 Nobel Prize in Physics awarded to German-American nuclear physicist Hans Bethe
  • 1967 Soviet Venera 4 becomes 1st probe to send data back from Venus

Film Release

1967 Walt Disney's animated musical adaptation of Rudyard Kipling's "The Jungle Book" film is released; cast featured Phil Harris, Louis Prima, Sterling Holloway, and Sebastian Cabot

  • 1968 A rare Australian 1-2 in track & field; Maureen Caird in Olympic record 10.39s beats teammate Pam Kilborn by 0.07s to win the 80m hurdles at the Mexico City Games
  • 1968 American athletes sweep the medals in the men's 400m at the Mexico City Olympics; Lee Evans wins gold in world record 43.86s ahead of Larry James and Ron Freeman
  • 1968 American long jumper Bob Beamon sets an incredible world record (8.90m, 29' 2½") in high altitude at the Mexico City Olympics; 0.55m (22") improvement over previous world record
  • 1968 American swimmer Don Schollander anchors US 4 × 200m freestyle relay team to world record 7:52.1 and the Olympic gold medal in Tokyo; Schollander's 4th gold of the Games
  • 1968 Circus Circus hotel opens in Las Vegas, largest permanent big top in the world

Music History

1968 Police find 219 grains of cannabis resin in John Lennon and Yoko Ono's apartment, they are fined £150 for marijuana possession

  • 1968 Polish sprinter Irena Szewińska runs a world record 22.58s to beat Australian Raelene Boyle by 0.16s and win the 200m gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics

Black Power Salute

1968 US Olympic Committee suspends Tommie Smith and John Carlos for giving the Black Power salute to protest racism and injustice against African-Americans during Olympic medal ceremony

Music History

1969 British singer Rod Stewart joins Small Faces

  • 1969 Federal government bans use of cyclamates artificial sweeteners
  • 1969 Jefferson Airplane's Paul Kanter arrested for marijuana possession
  • 1969 Soyuz 8 returns to Earth
  • 1970 Sachio Kinugasa begins 2,215 cons game streak for Hiroshima Carp
  • 1973 Congress authorizes bi-centennial quarter, half-dollar & dollar coin
  • 1973 Judd Woldon & Robert Britten's musical"Raisin" opens at 46th St Theater, NYC for 847 performances
  • 1973 Nobel prize for Economic Sciences awarded to American Wassily Leontief
  • 1974 1st NBA game at Market Square Arena - Pacers beat Spurs 129-121
  • 1974 Andre van de Louw appointed Mayor of Rotterdam

Sports History

1974 Chicago Bull Nate Thurmond becomes 1st in NBA to complete a quadruple double-22 pts, 14 rebounds, 13 assists & 12 blocks

  • 1974 Wings (Country Hams) release "Walking in the Park with Eloise"

Film & TV History

1975 Simon & Garfunkel reunite on "Saturday Night Live", sing "My Little Town"

  • 1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1976 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to American William Lipscomb
  • 1977 1st Islander 0-0 tie-Kings at Nassau-25th time shutout-Resch's 15th

Baseball Record

1977 Baseball World Series: Reggie Jackson hits 3 consecutive HRs tying Babe Ruth's WS record; NY Yankees beat LA Dodgers, 8-4 to clinch, 4-2 series win; MVP: Yankees outfielder Reggie Jackson

  • 1977 NY Yankees win their 21st World Championship, 4 games
  • 1977 West German commandos liberate Boeing 737 with 86 hostages at Mogadishu
  • 1977 Yanks beat Dodgers 8-4 for 21st world championship, 1st in 15 years
  • 1978 NY Islanders 1st scoreless tie, vs LA Kings
  • 1978 US 1st daughter Susan Ford announces engagement to Charles F Vance
  • 1979 "Beatlemania" opens in London

Event of Interest

1979 Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini orders mass executions to stop

  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1980 Bernard Slade's stage comedy "Romantic Comedy", closes at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre, NYC, after for 396 performances
  • 1980 Brooke Alexander, 18, of Hawaii, crowned Miss World USA
  • 1980 Detroit blocks 21 Atlanta shots setting NBA record (double OT)
  • 1981 Andreas Papandreous' PASOK wins Greek elections
  • 1981 NY Giant Joe Danelo ties NFL record of 6 field goals in a game
  • 1981 Poland General Jaruzelski elected party leader
  • 1984 Discovery moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) for mating of STS 51A mission
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Television Premiere

1988 "Roseanne" TV comedy starring Roseanne Barr, John Goodman and Laurie Metcalf premieres in the US on ABC

  • 1988 Israel's supreme court uphold's ban on Kahane`s Kach Party as racist
  • 1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1989 East German state/party leader Erich Honecker resigns
  • 1989 Hungary revises its constitution after the fall of its Communist regime
  • 1989 US 62nd manned space mission STS 34 (Atlantis 5) launches into orbit

Music Premiere

1990 Stephen Flaherty and Lynn Ahrens' musical "Once on This Island", based on Rosa Guy's novel "My Love, My Love" (a Caribbean-set retelling of Hans Christian Andersen's "The Little Mermaid"), opens at Booth Theater, NYC; runs for 469 performances

Film Release

1991 "My Own Private Idaho" directed and written by Gus van Sant starring River Phoenix and Keanu Reeves is released

  • 1991 Revival of Frank Loesser's 1956 musical "The Most Happy Fella" closes at NY State Theater, NYC, after a limited run by the New York City Opera
  • 1991 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1992 "Oba Oba '93" closes at Marquis Theater NYC after 22 performances
  • 1992 1st non-American team to win a Baseball World Series game; Toronto Blue Jays beat Atlanta Braves, 5-4 at Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium
  • 1992 6.6 earthquake hits Colombia with no fatalities
  • 1992 Philadelphia Eagle Randall Cunningham sets NFL quarterback scramble record of 3,683
  • 1992 Start of Zimbabwe's 1st Test match, v India at Harare
  • 1993 STS-58 (Columbia) launches into orbit
  • 1995 NHL Winnipeg Jets sold to Americans who plan to move them to Phoenix

Event of Interest

1997 The groundbreaking Guggenheim Museum, designed by Frank Gehry, is inaugurated by King Juan Carlos I in Bilbao, Spain

  • 1999 MLB American League Championship: New York Yankees beat Boston Red Sox, 4 games to 1

Music History

2000 Zack de la Rocha announces he is leaving rock band Rage Against the Machine

Music Premiere

2001 Benny Andersson & Björn Ulvaeus' musical "Mamma Mia!", featuring the songs of ABBA, opens at The WInter Garden Theatre, NYC, later transferring to The Broadhurst; runs for 5,733 performances

  • 2001 Crude Oil for November delivery falls to its lowest level since August 1999 on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX)
  • 2003 Bolivian Gas War: President Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada, is forced to resign and leave Bolivia

Event of Interest

2007 After 8 years in exile, Benazir Bhutto returns to Pakistan. The same night, suicide attackers blow themselves up near Bhutto's convoy, killing over 100, including 20 police officers. Bhutto escapes uninjured.

  • 2009 British Mercedes driver Jenson Button finishes 5th in Brazilian Grand Prix at Autódromo José Carlos Pace to clinch his first F1 World Drivers Championship

NFL Record

2009 QB Tom Brady throws five second quarter touchdowns against the Tennessee Titans, an NFL record for touchdown passes in one quarter

  • 2011 Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit is released by Hamas
  • 2012 Google stock trading suspended after premature release of a quarterly report indicating a 20% drop in profits and a 9% fall in share price

Film & TV History

2012 Mary-Kate Olsen and Ashley Olsen are honoured for their work with fashion label The Row at the WSJ Magazine's Innovator Of The Year Awards in New York City

  • 2012 MLB American League Championship: Detroit Tigers beat New York Yankees, 4 games to 0
  • 2012 Syrian military airstrikes kill 40 people in Maaret al-Numan
  • 2013 MLB National League Championship: St. Louis Cardinals beat Los Angeles Dodgers, 4 games to 2
  • 2013 Saudi Arabia becomes the first country to turn down a seat on the UN Security Council in protest over Syria
  • 2016 US White Houses says it is "confident" Russia behind recent email hacking and attempts to influence US election

Conference of Interest

2017 19th Chinese Communist Party congress opens in Beijing with President Xi Jinping delivering 3hr 23min speech heralding “new era”

Event of Interest

2017 US congresswoman Frederica Wilson says President Donald Trump said to bereaved army family of Sgt. La David Johnson "He knew what he was signing up for, but I guess it hurts anyway"

  • 2019 1st all-female spacewalk by NASA astronauts Christina Koch and Jessica Meir outside the International Space Station
  • 2019 Charges of disorderly conduct officially dropped against participants of the 1939 equal rights protest sit-in at Alexandria (Virginia) Library [1]
  • 2020 Bolivia elects Luis Arce President and his party, Movement for Socialism back into government
  • 2021 Ecuador President Guillermo Lasso declares 60-day state of emergency in response to a violent crime wave caused by power struggle between drug cartels
  • 2021 Flash foods and heavy rain in northern Indian state of Uttarakhand and Nepal kill over 100 people after 328mm falls in 24 hrs [1]

Film Premiere

2021 Marvel film "Eternals" directed by Chloé Zhao, starring an ensemble cast including Gemma Chan, Richard Madden and Angelina Jolie premieres in Los Angeles

  • 2022 American cellist Yo-Yo Ma is awarded the fifth $1 million Birgit Nilsson Prize
  • 2022 Evidence found of lost star catalog by 2nd century BC Greek astronomer Hipparchus (earliest known attempt to record celestial objects' coordinates with naked eye) found in palimpsest manuscript published by scholars [1]

Event of Interest

2022 The Girl Scouts of the USA announces receipt of donations totaling $84.5 million from American philanthropist MacKenzie Scott