Historical Events on October 20

Events 1 - 200 of 228

  • 1097 1st Crusaders arrive in Antioch during the First Crusade

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1528 Treaty of Gorinchem signed between Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Duke Charles of Guelders

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1536 King Christian III of Denmark & Norway leads reform in Catholic possessions
  • 1576 Spanish troops occupy & plunder Maastricht
  • 1587 Battle at Coultras: Henri van Navarra beats Catholic League
  • 1600 Battle of Sekigahara sets Tokugawa clan as Japan's rulers (shoguns)
  • 1603 Chinese uprising in Philippines fails after 23,000 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1634 British King Charles I disbands new "Ship Money" tax

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1714 Georg Ludwig von Hannover crowned as Britain's King George I

King George I
George I
  • 1740 Maria Theresa became ruler of Austria, Hungary & Bohemia
  • 1751 Royal ship Duc de Bourgogne launched at Rochefort
  • 1774 American Continental Congress orders discouragement of entertainment
  • 1781 Patent of Toleration, providing limited freedom of worship, was approved in Habsburg Monarchy.
  • 1786 Harvard University organizes 1st astronomical expedition in US
  • 1803 US Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase
  • 1813 Kingdom of Westphalia abolished

  • 1817 1st Mississippi "Showboat" leaves Nashville on maiden voyage
  • 1818 49th parallel forms as border between US & Canada
  • 1818 US & Britain agree to joint control of Oregon country
  • 1820 Spain sells part of Florida to US for $5 million
  • 1822 1st edition of London Sunday Times
  • 1827 Battle at Navarino: Engl/Russ/French fleet beat Turk/Egyptian fleet
  • 1835 HMS Beagle leaves Galapagos Archipelago to sail to Tahiti
  • 1843 1st Chinese immigrant arrives in Suriname
  • 1847 12 year old English boy William Nelman poisons his grandpa with arsenic, would become famous court case
  • 1856 Arnhem-Oberhausen railway in Netherlands opens
  • 1862 Amnesty proclaimed for escaped slaves of Suriname

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 US President Abraham Lincoln formally establishes Thanksgiving as a national holiday

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1877 Franz Schubert's 2nd Symphony in B premieres

Composer Franz Schubert
Franz Schubert
  • 1880 Amsterdam Free University opens
  • 1883 Max Bruch's "Kol Nidre" 1st performed
  • 1883 Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile
  • 1888 Chicago & All America baseball teams play exhibition in Auckland, NZ

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1889 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Vor Sonnenaufgang" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • 1891 1st International 6 day bike race at New York's Madison Square Garden begins
  • 1898 NC Mutual & Provident Insurance Company forms
  • 1899 Battle at Talana Hill, Natal: British army vs Boers
  • 1899 Columbia (US) beats Shamrock (England) in 11th America's Cup
  • 1902 The Chamber of Deputies appoints a committee to consider questions on the separation of Church and State in France
  • 1903 US wins disputed boundary between District of Alaska & Canada
  • 1904 Bolivia and Chile sign a treaty ending the War of the Pacific; recognizing Chile's possession of the coast, providing for construction of a railway linking La Paz, Bolivia, to Arica on the coast

  • 1905 Great General Strike in Russia begins; lasts 11 days

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Russian Tsar Nicholas II allows the Poles to speak Polish to help quell the revolution in the Kingdom of Poland

  • 1906 Dr Lee DeForest demonstrated his electrical vacuum tube (radio tube)
  • 1908 King Leopold II sells Congo to Belgium
  • 1910 1st appearance of cork centered baseball in World Series
  • 1910 Soccer team KFC forms in Alkmaar
  • 1910 The hull of the RMS Olympic, sister-ship to the ill-fated RMS Titanic, is launched from the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Ireland.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Helen Hayes Theater (Folies Bergere) opens at 210W 46th St, NYC

Actress Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Norwegian Roald Amundsen sets out a race to the South Pole

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • 1912 Cort Theater opens at 148 W 48th St NYC
  • 1912 Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record marathon (2:29:39.2)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 US suffragette Alice Paul begins a 7 month jail sentence for protesting women's rights in Washington

Suffragist Alice Paul
Alice Paul
  • 1920 "1st Year" with Frank Craven premieres in NYC
  • 1921 Germany and Allies comes to an agreements over reparation payments in a meeting at Wiensbaden
  • 1921 The French and Mustafa Kemal nationalists sign a treaty at Ankara fixing the Turko-Syrian border
  • 1922 Kennelworth in Bronx renamed Dwight Place
  • 1924 1st Negro League World Series: KC Monarchs shuts out Hilldales, 5-0
  • 1926 Hurricane in Cuba, kills 600
  • 1929 Bayshore Highway opens (San Francisco)
  • 1930 Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, premieres on NBC radio
  • 1930 British White Paper restricts Jews from buying Arab land
  • 1931 Frankie Frisch of the Cards named MVP
  • 1932 Journalist Robert Trout joins CBS

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 MLB All-Star team led by Connie Mack and including Babe Ruth, Jimmie Foxx and Lou Gehrig sails to Japan for 18-game series against Big-Six University League

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • 1934 Richard Strauss completes his opera "Die Schweigsame Frau"
  • 1935 400,000 demonstrators against fascism in Madrid
  • 1935 Anti-fascist People's Front forms in Brussels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Hank Greenberg is named AL MVP by the BBWAA, Wes Ferrell is runner-up

Baseball Player Hank Greenberg
Baseball Player
Hank Greenberg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Communist forces end their Long March at Yan'an, in Shaanxi, China, bringing Mao Zedong to prominence

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1936 Carl Hubbell, 26-6, edges out Dizzy Dean, 24-13, for MVP honors in NL
  • 1936 Spanish government moves to Barcelona
  • 1939 "All the Things You Are" recorded by Tommy Dorsey Orch
  • 1939 Pope Pius XII publishes his 1st encyclical Summi pontificatus
  • 1940 Cheese rationed in Netherlands
  • 1940 Greenhouse rationing begins in Netherlands
  • 1941 Nazi occupiers murder 500 inhabitants of Kragujevac Serbia
  • 1942 "Durham Manifesto" calls for fundamental changes in race relations
  • 1944 Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland, Ohio, explode, 135 die, 3,600 homeless
  • 1944 Revolution by workers & students in Guatemala
  • 1944 Soviet and Yugoslav troops free Belgrade
  • 1944 US 1st army wins battle of Aachen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 US forces under General Douglas MacArthur return to the Philippines with the landing of the US 6th army on Leyte

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1945 US Supreme Court Justice Geoffrey Lawrence opens the Nuremberg Nazi war crime trials
  • 1946 Frank Seno returns kickoff 105 yd, Chicago Cards vs NY Giants
  • 1947 HUAC opens hearings into alleged Communist influence in Hollywood
  • 1947 Radio rights for the World Series sell for $475,000 for 3 years
  • 1947 Robinson Jeffer's "Medea" premieres in NYC
  • 1949 Eugenie Anderson becomes 1st woman US ambassador (to Denmark)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Chemists Archer John Porter Martin and James Lovelock give the first demonstration of gas chromatography at a meeting of the Biochemical Society. The technique is rapidly adopted by the petrochemical industry.

Nobel Prize Winning Chemist Archer John Porter Martin
Nobel Prize Winning Chemist
Archer John Porter Martin
  • 1951 The "Johnny Bright Incident" occurred in Stillwater, Oklahoma
  • 1952 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Kenya
  • 1953 WRAU (now WHOI) TV channel 19 in Peoria, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 "Peter Pan" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 149 performances
  • 1955 "No Time for Sergeants" opens on Broadway, starring Andy Griffith
  • 1955 Harry Belafonte records "Day-O" (Banana Boat Song)
  • 1955 Yanks begin 16-game exhibition in Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Publication of "The Return of the King", the 3rd and final volume of "The Lord of the Rings" by J. R. R. Tolkien by George Allen and Unwin in London

Writer and Academic J. R. R. Tolkien
Writer and Academic
J. R. R. Tolkien
  • 1956 58°F (15°C), Esperanza Station, Antarctica (Antarctic record high)
  • 1956 Hannes Lindemann begins journey across Atlantic in a 17' craft
  • 1957 Karachi A (277-0d) beat Sind A by an innings w/o losing a wkt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Walter Cronkite begins hosting weekly documentary

Broadcast Journalist Walter Cronkite
Broadcast Journalist
Walter Cronkite

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1957 Lester B. Pearson is the first Canadian to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his aid in resolving the Suez Crisis

Prime Minister of Canada Lester B. Pearson
Prime Minister of Canada
Lester B. Pearson
  • 1959 Clark Griffith of Senators says team will not move the franchise
  • 1959 WABG TV channel 6 in Greenwood-Greenville, MS (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • 1960 1st fully mechanized post office opened, Providence, RI
  • 1960 Ralph Houk, 41, replaces Casey Stengel as Yankee manager
  • 1962 Musical "Mr President" opens at St James Theater New York for 265 performances
  • 1962 Chinese army lands in India
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Alec Douglas-Home forms British government

British Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home
British Prime Minister
Alec Douglas-Home
  • 1963 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria

Sports record brokenNFL Record

1963 Jim Brown sets NFL single-season rushing record, 1,863 yds

NFL Legend Jim Brown
NFL Legend
Jim Brown

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 South Africa begins trial of Nelson Mandela & 8 others on conspiracy

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1963 WITV TV channel 7 in Charleston, South Carolina (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1964 "Golden Boy" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 569 performances
  • 1964 Mad Dog Vachon beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • 1964 Riot at Rolling Stones show in Paris (150 arrested)
  • 1964 Ann Packer of Great Britain runs a world record 2:01.1 to win the women's 800m gold medal at the Tokyo Olympics
  • 1964 Tamara Press of the Soviet Union wins her second gold medal in 2 days by taking out the women's shot put at the Tokyo Olympics; Press' second consecutive Olympic shot put title
  • 1965 19th NHL All-Star Game: All-Stars beat Montreal 5-2 at Montreal
  • 1965 Beatles receive a gold record for "Yesterday"
  • 1965 Mass arrests of communists in Indonesia
  • 1967 All white federal jury convicts 7 in murder of 3 civil rights workers in Meridan Mississippi
  • 1967 Charlie Finley names Bob Kennedy 1st manager of Oakland A's
  • 1967 KMXN (now KJTV) TV channel 34 in Lubbock, TX (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 A purported bigfoot is filmed at Bluff Creek by Roger Patterson and Robert Gimlin in Northern Califonia
  • 1968 "Her 1st Roman" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 17 performances
  • 1968 Mamo Wolde wins 16th Olympic marathon (2:20:26.4)
  • 1968 Kenyan runner Kip Keino wins 1,500m gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics in 3:34.91 despite a severe gall bladder infection
  • 1968 American Dick Fosbury using his unconventional technique wins the men's high jump gold medal with 2.24m at the Mexico City Olympics; "Fosbury Flop" becomes accepted most efficient technique
  • 1968 American sprinter Jim Hines anchors US men's 4 x 100m relay team to win his second gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics; with team mates Charles Greene, Mel Pender & Ronnie Ray Smith sets world record 38.24s
  • 1968 US men's 4 x 400m relay team of Vincent Matthews, Ron Freeman, Larry James & Lee Evans runs world record 2:56.16; easily beats Kenya & West Germany into the minor medals at the Mexico City Olympics
  • 1968 US women's 4 x 100m relay team sets world record 42.88s to win the gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics; Margaret Bailes, Barbara Ferrell, Mildrette Netter & Wyomia Tyus
  • 1968 Margitta Gummel of East Germany throws world record 19.61m to beat team mate Marita Lange by 0.83m and win the women's shot put gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics
  • 1969 WKYH (now WYMT) TV channel 57 in Hazard, KY (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1970 American Norman Borlaug awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1970 Zond 8 Launch (Moon Orbit & Return)
  • 1971 "Ain't Supposed to Die a Natural Death" opens at Barrymore for 325 per

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1971 West German Chancellor Willy Brandt is awarded Nobel Peace Prize

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt
  • 1971 The Nepal stock exchange collapses.
  • 1971 Senator in the US Congress Edward Kennedy calls for a withdrawal of British troops from Northern Ireland and all-party negotiations to establish a United Ireland
  • 1972 Queen Juliana visits Yugoslavia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 John Betjeman is appointed British Poet Laureate by Queen Elizabeth II

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Mariette Hartley appears on Bob Newhart in "Have You Met Miss Dietz"

Comedian and Actor Bob Newhart
Comedian and Actor
Bob Newhart
  • 1973 OPEC oil embargo begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 President Nixon proclaims Jim Thorpe greatest athlete of 1st ½ century

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe
  • 1973 Queen Elizabeth II opens Sydney Opera House
  • 1973 US President Nixon fires Watergate accuser Archibald Cox
  • 1973 President Nixon discharges Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox and accepts the resignations of Attorney General Elliot L. Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William D. Ruckelshaus

  • 1973 The Family Station Inc buys shortwave Radio Station WNYW, changes calls to WYFR & moves station from NYC to Scituate Mass
  • 1974 1st broadcast of "Derrick" on ZDF
  • 1974 Bard's presentation of "Richard III" opens at Lincoln Center NYC
  • 1975 Supreme Court rules teachers could spank their pupils after warning
  • 1975 Soviet orbiter Venera 9 becomes the 1st spacecraft to orbit Venus
  • 1976 70 die as Norwegian tanker Frosta collides with George Prince
  • 1976 NY Nets Julius "Dr J" Erving sold to Philadelphia 76ers
  • 1977 David Mamet's "Life in the Theater" premieres in NYC
  • 1977 Hamilton Deane & John Balderstons "Dracula" premieres in NYC
  • 1977 Six killed in Lynyrd Skynyrd plane crash in McComb, Mississippi including band members Ronnie Van Zant, Steve Gains, Cassie Gaines and Dean Kilpatrick
  • 1977 Plane chartered by rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd crashes in a wooded area near Gillsburg, Mississippi, killing six
  • 1978 Paul Vanden Boeynants forms Belgium government
  • 1978 Police's 1st US concert (NYC's CBGBs)
  • 1978 US dollar devalued below Dutch Ÿ2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Bob Dylan appears on "Saturday Night Live"

Singer-Songwriter Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
Television Producer Lorne Michaels
Television Producer
Lorne Michaels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 John F. Kennedy Library dedicated in Boston

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1979 John Tate beats Gerrie Coetze in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1981 1st NBA game at Meadowlands Arena, NJ Nets lose to NY Knicks 103-99
  • 1981 3 members of Weather underground arrested for armored truck robbery
  • 1981 Bomb attack on Antwerp Belgium synagogue, 1 dead, 80 injured
  • 1982 Billy Martin fired as manager of Oakland A's
  • 1982 Nobel Prize in Economics awarded to George Stigler
  • 1982 Sri Lanka President Jayewardene re-elected
  • 1982 St Louis Cards beat Milwaukee Brewers, 4 games to 3 in 79th World Series
  • 1982 During the UEFA Cup match between FC Spartak Moscow and HFC Haarlem, 66 people are crushed to death in the Luzhniki disaster.
  • 1983 IBM-PC DOS Version 2.1 released
  • 1984 Cleveland Metroparks' Valley Parkway All Purpose Trails are completed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 Islander's Mike Bossy's 30th career hat trick-4 goals

Ice Hockey Great Mike Bossy
Ice Hockey Great
Mike Bossy
  • 1984 The Monterey Bay Aquarium opens in Monterey Bay, California.
  • 1986 Tupolev-134 crashes in Southern Africa

Music releaseAlbum Release

1987 Geffen records release their first album, Donna Summer's "The Wanderer"

Singer Donna Summer
Donna Summer
  • 1987 10 die as US Air Force jet crashed into a Ramada Inn near Indianapolis
  • 1987 Dow-Jones increases 102.27 pts/608,120,000 shares traded (record)
  • 1987 Subway vigilante Bernhard Goetz sentenced to 6 months in jail
  • 1988 Britain ends suspects' right to remain silent in crackdown on IRA
  • 1988 Gastineau sacks Jets, retires from football "for personal reasons"
  • 1988 LA Dodgers beat Oakland A's in baseball's 85th World Series 4 games to 1
  • 1988 Man armed with explosives blows himself up in 125 St subway station (NYC)
  • 1988 Reggie Rogers, Det Lion's # 1 pick, kills 3 by driving intoxicated
  • 1989 Pakistan win Sharjah Trophy over India & WI on round-robin
  • 1989 US Senate impeaches US District Judge Alcee L Hastings
  • 1990 3 members of 2 Live Crew acquitted on obsenity charges in Florida
  • 1990 Antiwar protest marches begin in 20 US cities (US-Iraq)
  • 1990 Cincinnati beats A's, 2-1 in Game 4 at Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum to sweep Oakland and win Reds' 5th Baseball World Series; Reds' pitcher José Rijo MVP
  • 1991 "Andre Heller's Wonderhouse" opens at Broadhurst NYC for 9 performances
  • 1991 6.1-7.1 earthquake in Uttar Kashi, India, about 670 die
  • 1991 Formal opening ceremony of Intl One Mind Zen center in Crestone, Colo
  • 1991 Brazilian McLaren driver Ayrton Senna clinches his 2nd straight, and 3rd overall World Formula 1 Drivers title by finishing second in the Japanese Grand Prix at Suzuka
  • 1992 1st World Series game outside of US - Toronto beats Atlanta