Historical Events on October 21

  • 310 St Eusebius ends his reign as Catholic Pope

Event of interestEvent of Interest

335 Roman Emperor Constantine the Great rules that Jews are not allowed to purchase and circumcise Christian slaves

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 686 Conon begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1096 Sultan Kilidj Arslan of Nicea defeats 1st Crusaders
  • 1187 Alberto de Morra elected as Pope Gregorius VIII (12/17/1187)

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1520 Explorer Ferdinand Magellan and his fleet reach Cape Virgenes and become the first Europeans to sail into the Pacific Ocean

  • 1553 Volumes of Talmud are burned

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1555 Emperor Charles V makes Erard of Pallandt earl of Culemborg

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1555 English parliament refuses to recognize Philip of Spain as king
  • 1568 2nd Altenburger sermon: Philippisten/Gnesiolutheranen
  • 1591 Nijmegen surrenders to Earl Mauritius van Nassau
  • 1601 Memorial service for Daitokuji's Shinju held for Ikkyu Sojun in Kyoto
  • 1639 Sea battle at Dunes, Lt Admiral Maarten Tromp defeats Spanish armada under De Oquendo
  • 1652 King Louis XIV returns to Paris
  • 1708 Dutch & English troops occupy Lille (Rijsel)

  • 1727 Russian & Chinese accord to correct boundaries
  • 1774 First display of the word "Liberty" on a flag, raised by colonists in Taunton, Massachusetts and which was in defiance of British rule in Colonial America.
  • 1789 French Revolution: The National Assembly declares martial law in France to prevent uprisings
  • 1797 The USS Constitution (Old Ironsides) is launched in Boston
  • 1803 English scientist John Dalton reads his paper on the absorption of gases by water to the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Soc - 1st outline of his atomic theory

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1805 Battle of Trafalgar: British Admiral Horatio Nelson defeats combined French and Spanish fleet. Nelson shot and killed during battle.

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
  • 1816 The Penang Free School is founded in George Town, Penang, Malaysia, by the Rev Hutchings. It is the oldest English-language school in Southeast Asia.
  • 1824 Joseph Aspdin patents Portland cement (Yorkshire, England)

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1854 Florence Nightingale with a staff of 38 nurses is sent to the Crimean War

  • 1858 Jacques Offenbach's operetta " Orpheus in the Underworld" (Orphée aux Enfers) premieres in Paris, includes "Infernal Galop" (can-can tune)
  • 1861 Battle of Balls Bluff, VA (Leesburg, Harrison's Island)
  • 1864 Battle of Westport, MO (Kansas City)
  • 1868 Severe earthquake at 7:53 AM, centered in Hayward, California
  • 1869 1st shipment of fresh oysters comes overland from Baltimore
  • 1871 1st US amateur outdoor athletic games (NY)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1878 German republic chancellor Bismarck delegates end of "Socialism"

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1887 Detroit clinches best-of-15 touring World Championship with its 8th victory in Game 11 this afternoon in Baltimore, 13-3
  • 1895 The Republic of Formosa collapses as Japanese forces invade.
  • 1897 Yerkes Observatory of University of Chicago is dedicated
  • 1899 Battle at Elandslaagte Natal: (Boers vs British army)
  • 1902 In the United States, a five month strike by United Mine Workers ends.
  • 1905 England Pilgrim Association beats All NY 11, 7-1 in soccer at Polo Grounds
  • 1911 RS Hichens & M Hudsons "Garden of Allah" premieres in NYC
  • 1911 Manitoba, Saskatchewan & Alberta Unions form Western Canada Rugby Football Union
  • 1913 Transvaal women satyagrahis begin defiance activities, hawking without licenses in Vereeniging; they cross the Natal border and encourage the miners in Newcastle to strike

  • 1914 Battle of Warsaw ends with German defeat
  • 1915 1st transatlantic radiotelephone message, Arlington, Va to Paris

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1915 William Jennings Bryan's successor as US Secretary of State, Robert Lansing, sends a note to Britain protesting interference with US shipping

US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan
  • 1917 1st Americans to see action on front lines of WWI: US troops enter front lines at Sommervillier under French command
  • 1917 Petrograds garrison accepts Revolutionary Military Committee
  • 1918 Margaret Owen sets world typing speed record of 170 wpm for 1 min
  • 1921 Tuschinski Theater opens in Amsterdam
  • 1921 Former Hungarian King Karl stages a second attempted coup and is arrested
  • 1923 1st planetarium opens at Deutsche Museum in Munich
  • 1924 KLM Fokker's F7 H-NACC departs to Dutch East Indies
  • 1925 Sidney Howards "Lucky Sam McGarver" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Hank Greenberg selected AL MVP unanimously

Baseball Player Hank Greenberg
Baseball Player
Hank Greenberg
  • 1937 Franco-troops occupies Gijon
  • 1938 Japanese troops occupies Canton
  • 1940 RAF drops 1st anti-nazi pamphlets on Netherlands
  • 1944 Canadian troops occupy Breskens
  • 1944 World War II: US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall
  • 1944 Walter Piston's "Fugue for a Victory Tune" premieres in NYC
  • 1945 Women in France allowed to vote for 1st time
  • 1947 Dutch Dakota explodes near Coopenhagen, 16 die
  • 1948 Beersheba liberated by Israeli army
  • 1948 Dutch Constellation crashes at Prestwick Scotland (40 murder)
  • 1948 Facsimile high-speed radio transmission demonstrated (Washington, D.C.)
  • 1948 UN rejects Russian proposal to destroy atomic weapons

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 Author of 'Brave New World' Aldous Huxley writes to congratulate George Orwell on his new novel '1984'

  • 1950 Chinese forces occupy Tibet
  • 1950 Death penalty abolished in Belgium
  • 1950 Tom Powers of Duke scores 6 touchdowns
  • 1952 Dutch government refuses New-Guinea (West-Irian)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Dorothy Parker/Arnaud d'Usseau's "Ladies of the Corridor" premieres

Short Story Writer Dorothy Parker
Short Story Writer
Dorothy Parker
  • 1954 Indonesian troops land in New-Guinea
  • 1957 Giants purchase Class-A Phoenix team

Film release premierFilm Release

1957 Jailhouse Rock starring Elvis Presley opens in Memphis, Tennessee

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • 1958 1st women in British House of Lords
  • 1959 Contra revolutionaries bomb Havana

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Guggenheim Museum, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, opens in New York

  • 1959 Players Association approves 2 All-Star Games in 1960, to be held in KC & NY
  • 1960 1st British nuclear sub HMS Dreadnought launched

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 JFK & Nixon clashed in 4th & final presidential debate (NYC)

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Barbra Streisand opens in "Another Evening with Harry Stones"

Singer-songwriter & Actress Barbra Streisand
Singer-songwriter & Actress
Barbra Streisand
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • 1964 Abebe Bikila runs Olympic/World record marathon (2:12:11.2)
  • 1964 Braves ask NL to allow them to leave Milwaukee for Atlanta

Film release premierFilm Premier

1964 Film version of "My Fair Lady" directed by George Cukor and starring Rex Harrison and Audrey Hepburn premieres in New York (Academy Awards Best Picture 1965)

  • 1964 Polish 4×100m women's relay team runs a world record 43.6 to beat the US by 0.3s and win the gold medal at the Tokyo Olympics; Teresa Ciepły, Irena Kirszenstein, Halina Górecka & Ewa Kłobukowska
  • 1964 Abebe Bikila of Ethiopia runs a world record 2:12:11.2 to beat Briton Basil Heatley by more than 4 minutes and win the men's marathon at the Tokyo Olympics; first athlete to win Olympic marathon twice
  • 1964 US 4 x 100m men's relay team of Paul Drayton, Gerry Ashworth, Richard Stebbins & Bob Hayes run world record 39.0s to beat Poland by 0.3s and win the gold medal at the Tokyo Olympics
  • 1964 New Zealand athlete Peter Snell wins the 1,500m at the Tokyo Olympics; his second gold medal of the Games (800m); 3rd career gold
  • 1964 American men's 4×400m relay team beats Great Britain by 0.9s to set world record 3:00.7 and win the gold medal at the Tokyo Olympics; Ollan Cassell, Mike Larrabee, Ulis Williams & Henry Carr
  • 1965 KTWU TV channel 11 in Topeka, KS (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1965 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Robert B Woodward
  • 1965 Vivian Beaumont Theater (NYC) opens
  • 1965 Comet Ikeya-Seki approaches perihelion, passing 450,000 kilometers from the sun.
  • 1966 116 children and 28 adults died as a coal waste heap slid and engulfed a school in Aberfan, South Wales
  • 1967 Egypt sinks Israeli torpedo boat
  • 1967 Tens of thousands of anti-Vietnam War protesters march on the Pentagon, besieging the military headquarters for two days
  • 1969 Bloodless coup in Somalia (National Day)
  • 1969 Leonard Gersh's "Butterflies are Free" premieres in NYC

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1969 German statesman Willy Brandt is elected chancellor of West Germany (1969-1974)

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt
  • 1969 Maj Gen Mohamed Siad Barre becomes President of Somali
  • 1970 777 Unification church couples wed in Korea
  • 1970 Caledonian Airways takes over British United Airways
  • 1970 Nobel prize of peace awarded to Norman E Borlaugh
  • 1970 Bernadette Devlin is released from prison having served four months of her six month sentence for riotous behaviour
  • 1971 "To Live Another Summer" opens at Helen Hayes NYC for 173 performances

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1971 Nobel prize for literature awarded to Pablo Neruda

  • 1971 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1971 William H Rehnquist & Lewis F Powell nominated to US Supreme Court by Nixon, following resignations of Justices Hugo Black & John Harlan
  • 1972 "Dude" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 16 performances
  • 1972 "Man of La Mancha" closes at Beaumont Theater NYC after 140 performances

  • 1972 "Pacific Paradise" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 5 performances
  • 1973 A's manager Dick Williams quits after A's beat Mets in World Series
  • 1973 Fred Dryer of the then Los Angeles Rams becomes the first player in NFL history to score two safeties in the same game.
  • 1973 23rd NASCAR Sprint Cup: Benny Parsons wins
  • 1974 1st Islander shut-out opponent-Billy Smith 5-0 vs Caps
  • 1975 "Treemonisha" opens at Uris Theater NYC for 64 performances
  • 1975 Coast Guard Academy 1st allows women to enroll

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Elton John is given a star in Hollywood

Singer Elton John
Singer
Elton John
  • 1975 Mexico City's 1st major subway accident takes 26 lives
  • 1975 Red Sox Carlton Fisk's 12th inning HR beats Reds 7-6 in game 6 of WS
  • 1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1976 Cincinnati Reds sweep NY Yankees, in 73rd World Series

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 NY Knicks retire 1st number, # 19, Willis Reed

NBA Center and Power Forward Willis Reed
NBA Center and Power Forward
Willis Reed
  • 1976 NY Yankee Thurman Munson ties World Series mark of 6 straight singles

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1976 Nobel prize for literature awarded to American Saul Bellow

Novelist Saul Bellow
Novelist
Saul Bellow
  • 1977 US recalls William Bowdler, ambassador to South Africa
  • 1977 The European Patent Institute is founded.
  • 1978 Australian civilian pilot Frederick Valentich vanishes in a Cessna 182 over the Bass Strait south of Melbourne, after reporting contact with an unidentified aircraft.
  • 1979 10th NYC Marathon won by Bill Rodgers in 2:11:42
  • 1979 9th NYC Women's Marathon won by Grete Waitz in 2:27:33
  • 1979 Greta Weitz wins woman participation in NYC marathon (02:27:33)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Israeli minister of Foreign affairs Moshe Dayan resigns

Israeli Politician and General Moshe Dayan
Israeli Politician and General
Moshe Dayan
  • 1979 Ozzie Newsome begins NFL streak of 150 consecutive game receptions
  • 1980 "Banjo Dancing" opens at Century Theater NYC for 38 performances

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1980 Mikhail Gorbachev elected member of Politburo

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • 1980 Phillies win their 1st World Championship in their 98-year history

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 Private funeral service held for Bess Truman, former First Lady of the United States

US First Lady Bess Truman
US First Lady
Bess Truman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 Pope John Paul II names 3 new Dutch bishops

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1984 Cleveland Browns' Steve Cox sets club record with a 60-yd field goal
  • 1984 Austrian Ferrari driver Niki Lauda becomes a 3-time World Formula 1 Drivers champion when he finishes 2nd in the season ending Portuguese Grand Prix at Estoril; wins title by just 0.5 from Alain Prost
  • 1984 Steve Jones runs Chicago Marathon in world record 2:08:05
  • 1985 Qasim Omar (206) & Javed Miandad (203*) make 397 stand v SL
  • 1986 1st-class cricket debut of Andy Flower, ZCU Presidents XI v Young WI
  • 1986 Hugh Whitemore's "Breaking the Code" premieres in London
  • 1986 IBM re-forms in South Africa
  • 1986 Republic of Marshall Islands signs Compact of Free Association with US
  • 1986 US writer Edward A Tracy kidnap in Beirut
  • 1987 7th Belgium government of Martens forms
  • 1987 Nobel Prize in Economics awarded to Robert M Solow
  • 1987 Senate debate begins rejecting Robert Bork's Supreme Ct nomination

  • 1988 Boston Celtics beat Yugoslavia 113-85 in Madrid

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 Philippine former first couple Ferdinand & Imelda Marcos indicted on racketeering charges

First Lady and Politician Imelda Marcos
First Lady and Politician
Imelda Marcos
  • 1988 Bat*21, an American war film, is released
  • 1989 "Dangerous Games" closes at Nederlander Theater NYC after 4 performances
  • 1989 Buck Helm found alive after being buried 4 days, in San Francisco earthquake
  • 1989 Houston becomes 1st major college team to gain 1000 yards in a game
  • 1989 Betram Lee & Peter Bynoe purchase the Denver Nuggets for $65m - 1st African American owners of a major sports team,

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Esther Canseco calls Oakland A's manager Tony La Russa a "punk" for not starting husband Jose in the World Series

Baseball Manager Tony La Russa
Baseball Manager
Tony La Russa
  • 1990 The first Apple Day, is held in Covent Garden, London.
  • 1990 Ayrton Senna of Brazil crashes his McLaren during the Japanese Grand Prix at Suzuka but clinches his second World Formula 1 Drivers Championship
  • 1991 24 die in a fire in Oakland Calif

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Former California Governor Jerry Brown announces his run for the US Presidency

Governor of California Jerry Brown
Governor of California
Jerry Brown
  • 1991 US hostage Jesse Turner released from 5 years in captivity in Beirut

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Madonna's book "Sex" goes on sale

Pop Star Madonna
Pop Star
Madonna
  • 1993 "Twilight of the Golds" opens at Booth Theater NYC for 29 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Gary Kasparov defeats Nigel Short for chess championship

Chess Grandmaster and Political Activist Garry Kasparov
Chess Grandmaster and Political Activist
Garry Kasparov
  • 1993 Military coup by Burundi President Ndadaye; 525,000 Hutus flee
  • 1994 Hana bridge is Seoul Korea crashes, 32+ die
  • 1994 North Korea signs pact to end their nuclear projects
  • 1995 Addison Vance, 18, of Hickory NC, crowned 7th Ms Venus Swimwear
  • 1995 Mario Tremblay, selected 22nd NHL coach of Montreal Canadians
  • 1997 Cleve Marquis Grissom hit in his 15th straight World Series game (streak ends at 15, he is 2nd to Hank Baur with 17)
  • 1998 New York Yankees beat San Diego, 3-0 in Game 4 at Qualcomm Stadium to sweep Padres and win 2nd Baseball World Series in 3 years; Yankees 3rd baseman Scott Brosius MVP

Music concertMusic Concert

2001 "United We Stand" benefit concert for September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks victims, held at RFK Stadium Washington, D.C. organized and headlined by Michael Jackson and featuring Aerosmith, Mariah Carey and The Backstreet Boys

King of Pop Michael Jackson
King of Pop
Michael Jackson
Singer Mariah Carey
Singer
Mariah Carey
  • 2001 MLB National League Championship: Arizona Diamondbacks beat Atlanta Braves, 4 games to 1
  • 2003 Images of the dwarf planet Eris are taken and subsequently used in its discovery by the team of Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L. Rabinowitz.
  • 2004 MLB National League Championship: St. Louis Cardinals beat Houston Astros, 4 games to 3
  • 2005 52nd National Film Awards (India): "Page 3" wins the Golden Lotus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2007 Finnish Ferrari driver Kimi Räikkönen wins season ending Brazilian F1 Grand Prix to claim his first World Drivers title by one point from Lewis Hamilton

Formula 1 Driver Lewis Hamilton
Formula 1 Driver
Lewis Hamilton
Formula 1 Driver Kimi Räikkönen
Formula 1 Driver
Kimi Räikkönen
  • 2007 MLB American League Championship: Boston Red Sox beat Cleveland Indians, 4 games to 3
  • 2007 Tennessee kicker Rob Bironas sets NFL record for most points scored in a game (no touchdowns) with 26 in the Titans 38-36 win v Houston Texans at Reliant Stadium, Houston
  • 2009 MLB National League Championship: Philadelphia Phillies beat Los Angeles Dodgers, 4 games to 1
  • 2009 55th National Film Awards (India): "Kanchivaram" wins the Golden Lotus

BeatificationCanonization

2012 Kateri Tekakwitha canonized as the 1st Native American saint by Pope Benedict XVI

265th Pope  Benedict XVI
265th Pope
Benedict XVI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2013 The Parliament of Canada confers Honorary Canadian citizenship on women's rights and education activist Malala Yousafzai

Human Rights Activist Malala Yousafzai
Human Rights Activist
Malala Yousafzai
  • 2014 Oscar Pistorius is sentenced to five years in prison for killing his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 German Chancellor Angela Merkel says German view of Holocaust will not change, after Benjamin Netanyahu says idea came from Mufti of Jerusalem

Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel
Chancellor of Germany
Angela Merkel
Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu
Prime Minister of Israel
Benjamin Netanyahu
  • 2017 Spanish government suspends Catalonia's autonomy in the face of a deepening political crisis over the region's push for independence
  • 2018 Train derails in Yilan County, Taiwan, killing 18 and injuring 178
  • 2018 Sectarian fighting between Muslim and Christian youths kill 55 at Kasuwan Magani, Nigeria
  • 2018 Julia Louis-Dreyfus is presented with the Mark Twain Prize, comedy's top honor, at a ceremony in New York