On This Day

Historical Events on October 26

  • 740 An earthquake strikes Constantinople, causing damage to city walls and buildings
  • 1366 Comet 55P/1366 U1 (Tempel-Tuttle) approaches 0.0229 AUs of Earth
  • 1387 Amsterdam buccaneer Herman of Kuinre signs loyalty vow for peace
  • 1407 Mobs attack Jewish community of Kraków
  • 1492 Lead (graphite) pencils first used
  • 1524 Spanish troops give Milan to France
  • 1529 Sir Thomas More appointed Lord Chancellor of England

Appointment of Interest

1534 Charles V names Joris of Egmont as Bishop of Utrecht

  • 1667 Arung Palakka's Bugis forces occupy Makassar, southern Sulawesi
  • 1674 Prince Willem III occupies Grave

Historic Event

1682 William Penn accepts area around Delaware River from Duke of York

  • 1749 Georgia Colony reverses itself & rules slavery is legal
  • 1774 First Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia
  • 1774 Minutemen organized in US colonies

Historic Event

1776 Benjamin Franklin departs for France on a mission to seek French support for the American Revolution

  • 1795 The Directoire, a five-man revolutionary government of France, is created
  • 1822 King Willem I requires inhabitants of Brussels to use Dutch language
  • 1825 Erie Canal between Hudson River & Lake Erie opens
  • 1830 Belgian rebels occupy Antwerp

Historic Discovery

1850 Robert McClure sights the fabled Northwest Passage for the first time (from Banks Island towards Melville Island)

  • 1858 Hamilton Smith patents rotary washing machine in Pittsburgh
  • 1859 The steam clipper Royal Charter is wrecked on the coast of Anglesey, north Wales with 459 dead

Pony Express

1861 Pony Express (Missouri to California) ends after 19 months

  • 1863 International conference begins in Geneva aimed at improving medical conditions on battlefields - beginning of the Red Cross
  • 1863 Football Association forms in England, standardizing soccer, splitting with rugby
  • 1864 Union troops ambush & kill 'Bloody' Bill Anderson near Albany, Missouri
  • 1868 White terrorists kill several blacks in St Bernard Parish La
  • 1869 1st American steeplechase horserace at Westchester, NY
  • 1876 South Carolina Governor Chamberlain sends a company of federal troops to quell racial disturbances in Cainhoy

The Gunfight at OK Corral

1881 Gunfight at the OK Corral: The most famous shootout in the Wild West occurs, between lawmen (including Wyatt Earp) and the Cowboys, with Tom and Frank McLaury and Billy Clanton killed

  • 1887 "World Championship" Baseball Series, Sportsman's Park, Detroit Wolverines (NL) beat St Louis Browns (AA), 10 games to 5 in series played in bitterly cold conditions

Historic Publication

1892 "Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases" first published by African American journalist Ida B. Wells in Memphis, Tennessee

  • 1896 Abyssinia & Italy sign peace treaty
  • 1901 First recorded use of "getaway car" occurs after holding up a shop in Paris
  • 1903 Yerba Buena is first Key System ferry to cross San Francisco Bay
  • 1905 First Soviet (workers' council) formed, St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1905 Union of Sweden & Norway ends

Historic Event

1909 Itō Hirobumi, Resident-General of Korea, and former Japanese Prime Minister is shot and killed by Korean nationalist An Jung-geun in Harbin, China

  • 1911 Baseball World Series: Philadelphia A's rout NY Giants, 13-2 at Shibe Park to clinch 4-2 series win and retain Championship
  • 1912 Serbian troops over run Skopje (Uskup)
  • 1912 Woolwich Foot Tunnel under the Thames river in England opens
  • 1913 José Victoriano Huerta Márquez elected president of Mexico

Historic Event

1916 American sex educator Margaret Sanger arrested for obscenity (advocating birth control)

  • 1917 Petrograd Soviet accepts establishment of Military
  • 1917 World War I: Brazil declares it is in a state of war with the Central Powers

Stonehenge

1918 Cecil Chubb gives prehistoric monument Stonehenge to the British nation

  • 1918 Soldiers revolt at Harskamp, Veluwe

End of World War I

1918 Germany's supreme commander General Eric Ludendorff resigns, protesting the terms to which the German Government has agreed in negotiating an armistice

  • 1919 B C Hilliam's musical "Buddies" premieres in NYC

Music Premiere

1919 Edward Elgar's Cello Concerto in E minor, Op. 85, his last notable work, premieres at Queen's Hall, London

Historic Event

1919 US President Woodrow Wilson's veto of Prohibition Enforcement Bill is overridden

  • 1921 Solomon Porter Hood named US minister to Liberia

Historic Event

1922 Italian government resigns under pressure from fascists & Benito Mussolini

Appointment of Interest

1922 Gertrude Bell appointed Honorary Director of Antiquities in new Department of Antiquities in Baghdad, Iraq (origin of the Baghdad Archaeological Museum)

  • 1923 Dutch second Chamber rejects Fleet laws (50-49 vote)
  • 1923 Dutch Government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck resigns
  • 1926 Arthur Goodrich's play "Caponsacchi" premieres in NYC
  • 1926 Belgium stabilizes current value of franc (5 franc becomes 1 "Belga")

Music History

1927 Duke Ellington sings "Creole Love Song"

Music History

1930 Dmitri Shostakovich's ballet "Zolotoy Vyek" premieres in Leningrad

Theater Premiere

1931 Eugene O'Neill's play cycle "Mourning Becomes Electra" premieres in NYC

  • 1933 French government of Albert Sarraut forms

Sports History

1934 While Washington Senators player-manager Joe Cronin honeymoons with Mildred Robertson, owner Clark Griffith's niece and adopted daughter, he is sold to Red Sox

  • 1939 Polish Jews forced into obligatory work service
  • 1940 The P-51 Mustang makes its maiden flight.

Historic Event

1941 Second meeting of partisans Tito & Draza Mihailovic in Yugoslavia

  • 1942 Second day of Battle of Henderson Field, Guadalcanal
  • 1942 Fourth day of battle at El Alamein: Australian breakthrough
  • 1942 Battle of Santa Cruz: Japanese naval offensive against US forces near Solomon Islands
  • 1943 World War II: First flight of the Dornier Do 335 "Pfeil".
  • 1947 Maharajah of Jammu & Kashmir accedes to India
  • 1947 The British military occupation ends in Iraq

Historic Event

1949 US President Harry Truman increases minimum wage from 40 cents to 75 cents

  • 1950 630 Dutch volunteers depart for Korea

Sports History

1950 Branch Rickey resigns as Brooklyn Dodger president

Historic Event

1950 Mother Teresa founds Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta, India

  • 1950 South Korean troops reach Chosan at Chinese boundary
  • 1951 Emile Zatopek runs world record 30,000m, 25,000m & 15 miles

Boxing Title Fight

1951 Future world heavyweight boxing champion Rocky Marciano defeats former champion Joe Louis by TKO in the 8th round at Madison Square Garden

Election of Interest

1951 Winston Churchill re-elected British Prime Minister at the age of 76

  • 1952 Pakistan's 1st Test Cricket win Fazal Mahmood 12 wkts v India
  • 1953 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Emu Field, Australia
  • 1954 Chevrolet unveils V-8 engine
  • 1954 City of Trieste returned to Italy
  • 1955 First edition of "Village Voice" (NYC) published
  • 1955 British troops occupy Saudi Arabian oil field at Boeraimi

Historic Event

1955 Ngô Đình Diệm proclaims Vietnam a republic with himself as President

  • 1956 UN's International Atomic Energy Agency statute approved
  • 1956 Vietnam promulgates its constitution

Historic Event

1957 USSR fires defense minister Marshal Georgi Zhukov

  • 1958 PanAm flies first transatlantic jet from New York to Paris
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1960 AL approves Washington Senators move to become Minnesota Twins & announces franchises in LA & Washington, D.C. for 1961
  • 1961 First test flight of Saturn launch vehicle
  • 1962 The Beatles record "Ask Me Why"

Historic Event

1962 JFK warns Russia that the USA will not allow Soviet missiles to remain in Cuba

Historic Event

1962 Nikita Khrushchev sends note to JFK offering to withdraw his missiles from Cuba if US closes its bases in Turkey: offer is rejected

  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • 1963 US performs underground nuclear test at Fallon, Nevada
  • 1964 Eric Edgar Cooke becomes last person in Western Australia to be executed.
  • 1965 Beatles receive MBEs at Buckingham Palace
  • 1965 Sylvia Likens tortured by teen girl gang
  • 1966 First Pacific communications satellite launched, Intelsat 2
  • 1966 US aircraft carrier Oriskany catches fire at Gulf on Tonken, 43 die

Historic Event

1967 Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi crowns himself after 26 years on the Peacock Throne

  • 1968 First European satellite launched, Esro 1, at Cape Kennedy
  • 1968 KMIR TV channel 36 in Palm Springs, CA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 Soviet Union launches spacecraft Soyuz 3
  • 1968 The Soviet Union wraps up the volleyball double at the Mexico City Olympics; both men's & women's teams take gold at the end of their respective round-robin competitions

Olympic Gold

1968 Future world heavyweight boxing champion George Foreman wins the Olympic heavyweight gold medal when the final against Jonas Čepulis (Soviet Union) is stopped in round 2 at the Mexico City Games

  • 1968 Japanese gymnasts sweep the medals in the men's floor exercise competition at the Mexico City Olympics; Sawao Kato wins his 3rd gold of the Games ahead of teammates Akinori Nakayama and Takeshi Katō
  • 1968 Japanese gymnast Akinori Nakayama wins 3 individual gold medals on the one day (horizontal bar, rings & parallel bars) at the Mexico City Olympics; with team victory, 4 gold for the Games
  • 1968 Charlie Hickcox wins his 3rd gold medal of the Mexico City Olympics when he leads the US men's 4 x 100m medley relay team with teammates Don McKenzie, Doug Russell & Ken Walsh to world record 3:54.9
  • 1968 Striker Antal Dunai scores twice as Hungary outclasses Bulgaria 4-1 to take the men's football gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics
  • 1968 Italian diver Klaus Dibiasi wins first of 3 consecutive men's 10m platform gold medals when he comfortably beats Álvaro Gaxiola of Mexico at the Mexico City Olympics
  • 1969 WHMA (now WJSU) TV channel 40 in Anniston, AL (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • 1970 "Doonesbury" comic strip debuts in 28 newspapers
  • 1970 Tanzania begins building railway Lusaka-Drone ash Salaam
  • 1971 UN votes to replace Taiwan with China
  • 1971 An Assembly, attended only by Nationalist politicians, and acting as an alternative to Stormont, meet in Dungiven Castle

Historic Invention

1972 Edwin Land introduces the first truly instant camera the Polaroid SX-70 camera at an event in Miami, Florida

Closure of Alcatraz

1972 Guided tours of the former prison at Alcatraz by the National Park Service begin

Historic Event

1972 Henry Kissinger declares "Peace is at hand" in Vietnam

Music History

1972 Ringo Starr and singer Lulu appear in non-speaking cameos on "Monty Python's Flying Circus" program

  • 1973 Israeli forces reach Suez, trapping Egyptian army
  • 1973 President Nixon releases first White House tapes on Watergate scandal
  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1973 Wings release single "Helen Wheels"
  • 1974 Cleveland Coliseum opens for NBA's Cavaliers & MISL's Crunch

Historic Event

1975 Anwar Sadat becomes the 1st Egyptian president to officially visit the United States

  • 1975 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1975 Cuba beats Mexico for its 4th Pan Am Games Gold Medal in baseball
  • 1976 Transkei gains independence, not recognized outside of South Africa
  • 1976 Trinidad & Tobago becomes a republic
  • 1977 5th & final test of space shuttle Enterprise
  • 1977 Dr Clifford R Wharton Jr named chancellor of State University of New York
  • 1977 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1977 Last natural case of smallpox discovered in Merca district, Somalia. Considered the anniversary of the eradication of smallpox, the most spectacular success of vaccination
  • 1978 Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat named joint winners of 1978 Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1978 Independent Counsel Act is signed into law.
  • 1979 Park Chung-hee, President of South Korea is assassinated by KCIA head Kim Jae-kyu. Choi Kyu-ha becomes the acting President; Kim is executed the following May.

New York City Marathon

1980 New York City Marathon: Grete Waitz of Norway wins for 3rd straight year in 2:25:41.3; Alberto Salazar claims men's event in 2:09:41

  • 1980 St Louis Cards sack Balt Colt QBs an NFL record tying 12 times

Sports History

1982 Steve Carlton became 1st pitcher to win 4 Cy Young awards

  • 1982 US budget deficit reaches more than $110 trillion for fiscal year 1982
  • 1983 Hugh Whitemore's "Pack of Lies" premieres in London
  • 1983 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1984 Stephanie Fae Beauclair ("Baby Fae") gets baboon heart transplant, lives 21 days
  • 1985 Hurricane Juan kills 97 in US
  • 1985 On a poor call in Game 6, umpire Don Deckinger starts a string of events probably costing St. Louis Cardinals the Baseball World Series; lose 2-1 to KC when leading series, 3-2

Sports History

1985 Doug Harvey's #2 jersey is retired by the Montreal Canadiens

  • 1985 CBS' premiere of fact based TV film "Children of the Night", based on sociology student Lois Lee's expose on female crime and inconsistent enforcement of prostitution laws in Los Angeles
  • 1986 "Into the Light" closes at Neil Simon Theater NYC after 6 performances

Sports History

1986 French McLaren driver Alain Prost retains his Formula 1 World Drivers Championship with victory in season ending Australian Grand Prix in Adelaide; wins title by 2 points from Nigel Mansell

  • 1987 Dow Jones down 156.83 points
  • 1987 Head of Salvadoran Human Rights Comm assassinated by death squads
  • 1988 US-Soviet effort to free 2 grey whales from frozen Arctic, Barrow, AK
  • 1992 The Charlottetown Accord fails to win majority support in a Canada wide referendum.
  • 1992 London Ambulance Service thrown into chaos after implementation problems with a new Computer Aided Dispatch (CAD) system
  • 1993 NFL announces new expansion team, Carolina Panthers in Charlotte
  • 1993 NJ Devils lose 2-0 to Montreal, after winning 1st 7 games of 1993
  • 1994 Jordan & Israel sign peace accord
  • 1995 Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Mossad agents assassinate Islamic Jihad leader Fathi Shikaki in his hotel in Malta.
  • 1996 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Woodbine Racetrack; winners: Lit de Justice, Storm Song, Jewel Princess, Da Hass, Boston Harbor, Pilsudski, Alphabet Soup
  • 1996 Baseball World Series: New York beats Atlanta Braves, 3-2 in Game 6 at Yankee Stadium to win club's 23rd title; MVP: Bronx Bombers' reliever John Wetteland
  • 1997 Baseball World Series: Florida beats Cleveland Indians, 3-2 in Game 7 at Pro Player Stadium, Miami for Marlins first-ever title; MVP: Florida pitcher Liván Hernández

Sports History

1997 Jacques Villeneuve finishes 3rd in European Grand Prix at Jerez, Spain; first Canadian to win F1 World Drivers Championship; wins by 39 points from Michael Schumacher

  • 1999 Britain's House of Lords votes to end the right of hereditary peers to vote in Britain's upper chamber of Parliament.

Sports History

2000 Baseball World Series: NY Yankees beat NY Mets, 4-2 in Game 5 at Shea Stadium to win "Subway Series"; Yankees 3rd straight title; MVP: Derek Jeter

  • 2000 Laurent Gbagbo takes over as president of Côte d'Ivoire following a popular uprising against President Robert Guéï. Bret Hart retires.
  • 2001 The United States passes the USA PATRIOT Act into law.
  • 2002 Moscow Theatre Siege ends: Approximately 50 Chechen rebels and 150 hostages die when Russian Spetsnaz storm a theater building in Moscow, which had been occupied by the rebels during a musical performance three days before
  • 2002 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Arlington Park, winners: Volponi, Vindication, Azeri, High Chaparral, Starine, Storm Flag Flying, Domedriver, Orientate
  • 2003 The Cedar Fire, the second-largest fire in Californian history, kills 15 people, consumes 250,000 acres (1,000 km²), destroys 2,200 homes around San Diego
  • 2005 Baseball World Series: Chicago beats Houston, 1-0 in Game 4 at Minute Maid Park to sweep Astros and win White Sox first title in 88 years; MVP: Chicago outfielder Jermaine Dye
  • 2007 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Monmouth Park; Day 1 winners: Maryfield, Nownownow, Corinthian
  • 2012 64 people are killed in West Burma after continued sectarian clashes
  • 2012 41 people are killed and 50 injured by a suicide bombing of a mosque in Maymana, Afghanistan
  • 2012 China blocks the New York Times from searches and social media in response to an investigation into Premier Wen Jiabao
  • 2012 Hurricane Sandy makes landfall in the Bahamas killing 2 people and causing over $300 million in damage

Election of Interest

2014 Dilma Rousseff is re-elected President of Brazil

Sports History

2014 American tennis star Serena Williams beats Simona Halep of Romania 6–3, 6–0 to successfully defend her WTA Finals title in Kallang, Singapore

Film Premier

2015 "Spectre", 24th James Bond film, directed by Sam Mendes and starring Daniel Craig premieres in London

  • 2015 World Health Organization classifies processed meat as carcinogenic
  • 2015 7.5 magnitude earthquake hits northern Pakistan and Afghanistan killing over 300
  • 2017 US President Donald Trump declares the opioid crisis a public health emergency

Historic Event

2017 Cremation ceremony for King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand held in Bangkok, a year after his death

Music History

2017 National Party of New Zealand found guilty of breaching the copyright of rapper Eminem's publisher and ordered to pay $413,000 for use of the song “Eminem Esque”

  • 2017 Explosion and fire at a fireworks factory in Tangerang, Indonesia kills 47 and injuries dozens
  • 2017 Oldest-known tsunami victim revealed by sediment discovered in 6,000 year-old skull by scientists near Aitape, Papua New Guinea

Historic Event

2017 Jacinda Ardern is sworn in as Prime Minister of New Zealand, becoming the world’s youngest female head of government

  • 2018 Trump supporter Cesar Sayoc arrested for sending 14 pipe bombs to prominent US Democrats

Music History

2018 Irish singer Sinéad O'Connor announces she has converted to Islam

  • 2018 Longest Baseball World Series game by both innings and time; LA Dodgers beat Boston Red Sox, 3-2 in the 18th inning (7 hours, 20 mins) in Game 3 at Dodger Stadium with Max Muncy walk-off homer
  • 2018 Rhine River in drought with lowest levels since 1920s forces German government to release oil reserves after barge shipments disrupted

Historic Event

2019 Raid by US Special Forces kills ISIS founder Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi in Syria

  • 2020 Police officers in Philadelphia shoot and kill black man Walter Wallace Jr. armed with a knife, prompting protests and the city to impose a curfew
  • 2020 Melbourne officials announce end to their three-month lockdown as city records no new cases of COVID-19 for 1st time since June