On This Day

Historical Events on October 27

  • 625 Honorius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 710 Saracen invasion of Sardinia
  • 939 Edmund I succeeds Athelstan as King of England
  • 1275 Traditional founding of the city of Amsterdam

Victory in Battle

1507 Portuguese admiral Afonso de Albuquerque captures the Persian fortress of Ormuz on Hormuz Island

  • 1523 English troops occupy Montalidier, France
  • 1553 Condemned as a heretic, Michael Servetus is burned at the stake just outside Geneva
  • 1605 Spanish army under General Spinola occupies Wachtendonk

Historic Event

1627 English invasion force under George Villiers assaults the French island of Île de Ré

Victory in Battle

1644 Second Battle of Newbury: King Charles I beats parliamentary armies

  • 1651 English troops occupy Limerick, Ireland
  • 1676 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Warsaw

Historic Event

1682 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is founded by Englishman William Penn

  • 1688 King James II dismisses premier Robert Spencer
  • 1702 British troops plunder St Augustine, Florida
  • 1775 US Navy forms as the Continental Navy
  • 1780 Samuel Williams and the first U.S. astronomical expedition to record an eclipse of the sun observes the event at Penobscot Bay

Historic Event

1787 Federalist Papers start appearing in New York newspapers under pseudonym "Publius" (written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay)

  • 1795 Pinckney's Treaty [Treaty of San Lorenzo] signed by Spain and US, establishing the southern boundary of the US and giving Americans right to navigate the Mississippi River
  • 1806 The French Army enters in Berlin
  • 1810 United States annexes West Florida from Spain
  • 1830 Major-General Baron D Chasse bombs Antwerp (Belgium revolution)
  • 1838 Missouri governor Lilburn Boggs issues the Extermination Order, which orders all Mormons to leave the state or be exterminated.
  • 1863 Dutch railway to Harlingen opens
  • 1864 Battle of Boydton Plank Road, VA (Burgess' Mill, Southside Railroad)
  • 1864 Second Battle of Fair Oaks, Virginia near Richmond
  • 1864 Confederate ship Albemarle torpedoed and sunk by a spar torpedo mounted on a steam launch

Historic Event

1867 Giuseppe Garibaldi marches on Rome for the second time

Historic Event

1871 Democratic leader of Tammany Hall NY, Boss Tweed is arrested after the NY Times exposes his corruption

  • 1884 Architect Henry Hardenberghs Dakota-complex opens in NYC
  • 1888 "World Championship" Baseball Series, Sportsman's Park, St. Louis; St. Louis Browns rout NY Giants, 18-7 in Game 10 but lose series, 6-4
  • 1893 Hurricane hits coast between Savannah, Georgia & Charleston, South Carlolina
  • 1896 1st Pali Road completed in Hawaii (winds so strong streams flow UP!)

Music Premiere

1901 1st complete performance of Claude Debussy's orchestral composition "Nocturnes"

  • 1904 First section of New York subway - Lower Manhattan to Broadway Harlem, opened by Interborough Rapid Transit (IRT), fare one nickel
  • 1907 The first trial of the so called Eulenberg Affair, which will rock the highest circles of Germany, ends

Historic Event

1913 President Woodrow Wilson says US will never attack another country

  • 1914 British battleship Audacious sunk by mine
  • 1915 Andrew Fisher is replaced as Labour Prime Minister by William 'Billy' Hughes, who will advocate a more active role for Australians in the war
  • 1916 Battle of Segale: Negus Mikael, marching on the Ethiopian capital in support of his son Emperor Iyasus V, is defeated by Fitawrari abte Giyorgis, securing the throne for Empress Zauditu.
  • 1917 20,000 women march in a suffrage parade in New York, US
  • 1919 Axeman of New Orleans claims last victim
  • 1920 League of Nations moves headquarters in Geneva
  • 1920 Westinghouse radio station in East Pittsburgh, KDKA is granted a Limited Commercial license by the Department of Commerce
  • 1922 1st commemoration of Navy Day (USA)
  • 1922 Dutch 2nd Chamber votes for child labor laws

Historic Event

1922 In Italy, Liberal Luigi Facta resigns in the face of threats from Mussolini that 'either the Government will be given to us or we will seize it by marching on Rome'

  • 1924 The Uzbek SSR is founded in the Soviet Union
  • 1925 Water skis patented by Fred Waller

Historic Event

1927 Queen Wilhelmina opens Meuse-Waal Canal in Nijmegen

  • 1931 Chuhei Numbu of Japan, sets then long jump record at 26' 2½"
  • 1935 SDAP and NVV launches "Plan for Work" in Utrect, Netherlands
  • 1938 DuPont announces its new synthetic polyamide fiber will be called "nylon"
  • 1941 Chicago Daily Tribune editorialize there will not be war with Japan
  • 1942 5th day of battle at El Alamein: heavy battles/Australian advance
  • 1942 US aircraft carrier Hornet sinks off Santa Cruz
  • 1944 Hertogenbosch & Tilburg freed from nazi occupation
  • 1945 "Carib Song" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 36 performances
  • 1945 1st edition of Elseviers Weekly newspaper (Elseviers Magazine)
  • 1946 Georgi Domitrovs National Front wins Bulgaria elections (78%)

Radio Premiere

1947 "You Bet Your Life" with Groucho Marx premieres on ABC radio

  • 1947 WMAR TV channel 2 in Baltimore, MD (NBC) begins broadcasting

Theater Premiere

1948 Albert Camus' play "The State of Siege (L'État de siège)" premieres in Paris

  • 1948 Israel recaptures Nizzanim in Negev
  • 1948 Léopold Sédar Senghor founds the Senegalese Democratic Bloc (BDS).
  • 1950 Paul Creston's 3rd Symphony, "Triumph of St Joan" premieres
  • 1952 "My Darlin' Aida" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 89 performances

Historic Event

1954 President Eisenhower offers aid to South Vietnam Prime Minister Ngô Đình Diệm

  • 1954 WISN TV channel 12 in Milwaukee, WI (ABC) begins broadcasting

Television Premiere

1954 Walt Disney's 1st TV show, "Disneyland", premieres on ABC

  • 1954 Benjamin O. Davis Jr. becomes the first African-American general in the United States Air Force.
  • 1955 Argentine peso devalued
  • 1955 Satomi Myodo, renews Zen nun vows & takes Buddhist name of Daien Myodo

Film Release

1955 "Rebel Without a Cause", directed by Nicholas Ray, starring James Dean and Natalie Wood, is released

  • 1957 Celal Bayar re-elected president of Turkey
  • 1957 WOWL TV channel 15 in Florence, AL (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1957 WPTA TV channel 21 in Fort Wayne, IN (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1958 General Ayub Khan succeeds Iskander Mirza as President of Pakistan
  • 1958 WEDU TV channel 3 in Tampa-St Petersburg, FL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1959 Rare Pacific hurricane kills 2,000 in Western Mexico
  • 1960 AL admits LA & Washington to the league
  • 1960 American pop and soul singer Ben E. King records "Spanish Harlem" & "Stand By Me"
  • 1961 1st Saturn launch vehicle makes an unmanned flight test
  • 1961 American Basketball League starts play
  • 1961 Outer Mongolia & Mauritania become 102nd & 103rd members of United Nations
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya & Sary Shagan USSR
  • 1962 "Beyond the Fringe" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 673 performances

The Man Who Saved The World

1962 Black Saturday during the Cuban Missile Crisis: An American spy plane is shot down over Cuba and the navy drops warning depth charges on Soviet submarines

  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1962 The plane of Enrico Mattei, Italian oil industry's most powerful figure, crashes in mysterious circumstances
  • 1963 Bob Simpson completes 359 for NSW v Qld at Gabba

NHL Record

1963 Detroit Red Wings right wing Gordie Howe scores 544th career goal in 6-4 loss to Montreal Canadiens, tying Maurice Richard's all-time NHL regular season record

  • 1964 "Ben Franklin in Paris" opens at Lunt Fontanne NYC for 215 performances
  • 1964 Congo rebel leader Christopher Gbenye holds 60 Americans & 800 Belgians
  • 1965 WCFT-TV channel 33 in Tuscaloosa, Alabama (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1966 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1966 UN deprives South Africa of Namibia
  • 1966 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1967 4 people from Baltimore pour blood on selective service records
  • 1967 NLF leaves People's Republic of South-Yemen
  • 1969 Nobel Prize in Economics awarded to John Tinbergen

Historic Event

1969 Ralph Nader sets up a consumer organization known as Nader's Raiders

  • 1969 St Vincent & Grenadines gains associated status with Britain
  • 1970 "Light, Lively & Yiddish" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 87 performances
  • 1971 Republic of Congo-Kinshasa becomes Republic of Zaire
  • 1971 Gerard Newe becomes the first Catholic to serve in any Northern Ireland government since 1920; Newe was appointed to try to improve community relations
  • 1972 Golden Gate National Recreation Area created
  • 1972 OPEC approves plan providing for 25 percent government ownership of all Western oil interests operating within Kuwait, Qatar, Abu Dhabi and Saudi Arabia
  • 1973 1st time Islanders beat Rangers-3-2
  • 1973 Alabama sets offensive record (828 yds), beats Virginia Tech 77-6
  • 1974 French runner Chantal Langlacé sets female world marathon record (2:46:24) in Neuf-Brisach, France

Music History

1975 Covers of both Time & Newsweek magazines feature rock singer Bruce Springsteen

  • 1977 Amsterdam businessman M Caransa kidnapped
  • 1977 NASA launches space vehicle S-200

Historic Event

1978 US President Jimmy Carter signs Hawkins-Humphrey full employment bill

  • 1979 Islanders score 2 goals within 6 seconds 3 goals within 44 seconds
  • 1979 St Vincent & Grenadines becomes independent of UK (National Day)
  • 1979 Voluntary Euthanasia Society publishes how-to-do-it suicide guide
  • 1980 Astros owner John McMullen replaces GM Tal Smith with Al Rosen
  • 1980 Dave Gryllis sets world bicycle speed record of 94.37 kph

Historic Publication

1980 William Safire’s column entitled "The Ayatollah Votes" is published in the New York Times, and was later quoted in a campaign ad for Ronald Reagan in that year's presidential election

  • 1981 Andrew Young, former UN Ambassador, elected mayor of Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1981 The Soviet submarine U 137 runs aground on the east coast of Sweden.

Music Single

1981 Ringo Starr releases single "Wrack My Brain" in the US, written and produced by George Harrison

  • 1982 China announces its population has reached 1 billion plus people
  • 1982 IBM ROM is capable of EGA graphics

Music History

1983 Larry Flynt pays hitman $1M to kill Hugh Hefner, Bob Guccione, Walter Annenberg, and Frank Sinatra; Flynt's business manager immediately stops payment; Flynt claims he was just joking

  • 1984 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1984 Washington State University's running back Rueben Mayes sets collegiate football record of 357 yards rushing in one game (at Oregon)

NYC Women's Marathon

1985 15th NYC Women's Marathon won by Grete Waitz in 2:28:34

  • 1985 16th NYC Marathon won by Orlando Pizzolato in 2:11:34
  • 1985 Anthony Carter begins NFL streak of 100+ consecutive game receptions

Sports History

1985 Billy Martin is fired by Yankees for 4th time

  • 1985 Hurricane Juan ravages US Gulf states & east coast, 49 die
  • 1985 Baseball World Series: KC Royals rout St Louis Cardinals, 11-0 at Royals Stadium for 4 games to 3 series win; MVP: KC pitcher Bret Saberhagen
  • 1985 Thieves steal 9 paintings, including 5 Monet's and 2 Renoir's
  • 1986 Baseball World Series: NY Mets win their second title; beat Boston Red Sox, 8-5 at Shea Stadium for 4 games to 3 series win; MVP: Mets infielder Ray Knight

Music Single

1986 Paul McCartney releases single "Pretty Little Head"

  • 1986 British government deregulates financial markets in a "Big Bang", enhancing London's status as a financial capital while increasing income inequality
  • 1987 Lucas Mangopes Democratic Party wins Bophuthatswana elections

Music Premiere

1987 Peter Shaffer's musical "Lettice & Lovage" premieres in London

  • 1987 South Korean voters overwhelmingly approved a new constitution
  • 1988 "Les Miserables" opens at Forrest Theatre, Philadelphia
  • 1988 "ET" released to home video (14 million presold)
  • 1990 "Michael Feinstein in Concert" closes at Golden NYC after 30 performances
  • 1990 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Belmont Park; winners: Bayakoa, Fly So Free, In The Wings, Meadow Star, Royal Academy, Safely Kept, Unbridled
  • 1990 Supreme Soviet of Kirghiz SSR chooses Askar Akayev as republic's first president.
  • 1991 "Andre Heller's Wonderhouse" closes at Broadhurst NYC after 9 performances
  • 1991 "Homecoming" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 49 performances
  • 1991 Baseball World Series: Minnesota Twins beat Atlanta Braves, 1-0 in 10 in Game 7 at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome; win 2nd title since move to Minneapolis; MVP: Twins pitcher Jack Morris
  • 1992 Don Baylor appointed 1st manager of Colorado Rockies
  • 1992 Fox is to launch Tuesday night network TV, rescheduled to Decemeber
  • 1992 Great Britain issues postage stamp on 100th anniversary of JRR Tolkien
  • 1992 Tipper Gore (wife of future VP) admits to covering clock on her VCR with black tape so she wouldn't have to watch it blink
  • 1993 Howard Stern's radio show begins broadcasting in El Paso Texas
  • 1995 Contract finalizing Cleveland Browns' move to Balt is signed
  • 1995 South African fast bowler Meyrick Pringle takes cricket hat-trick in England tour game at Soweto
  • 1995 Latvia applies for membership in the European Union.

Film Premier

1995 Dramatic film "Leaving Las Vegas" directed by Mike Figgis and starring Nicolas Cage (Oscar for Best Actor) and Elisabeth Shue premieres

  • 1996 US beats Japan, 21½-14½, at Nichirei International Golf Tournament
  • 1997 Dow Jones crashes record 554 pts to 7161

Historic Event

1997 Intel Corp buys Digital Equipment's semiconductor manufacturing operation for $700 million

  • 1997 Microsoft argues it should be "free from government interference"
  • 1997 US releases a redesigned $50 bill

Election of Interest

1998 Helmut Kohl resigns as Chancellor of Germany after 16 years, following a landslide defeat in elections

  • 1999 Gunmen open fire in the Armenian Parliament, killing Prime Minister Vazgen Sargsyan, Parliament Chairman Karen Demirchyan, and 6 other members.
  • 1999 Baseball World Series: New York Yankees beat Atlanta, 4-1 in Game 4 at Yankee Stadium to sweep Braves and retain title; MVP: Yankees closer Mariano Rivera
  • 2001 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Belmont Park; winners: Tiznow, Johannesburg, Unbridled Elaine, Fantastic Light, Val Royal, Banks Hill, Tempera, Squirtle Squirt
  • 2002 Baseball World Series: Anaheim beats San Francisco Giants, 4-1 in Game 7 at Edison Field to win Angels' first title; MVP: Anaheim 1st baseman Troy Glaus
  • 2002 The British ITV Network airs a regional service for the last time in England and Wales, LWT loses its identity completely
  • 2004 Baseball World Series: Boston beats St. Louis, 3-0 in Game 4 at Busch Stadium to sweep Cardinals and win Red Sox first title since 1918; MVP: Boston outfielder Manny Ramirez
  • 2005 Riots begin in Paris after the deaths of two Muslim teenagers.
  • 2006 Baseball World Series: St. Louis beats Detroit Tigers, 4-2 in Game 5 at Busch Stadium to win Cardinals' 10th title in franchise history; MVP: Cardinals infielder David Eckstein
  • 2007 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Monmouth Park; Day 2 winners: Indian Blessing, War Pass, Lahudood, Midnight Lute, Kip Deville, Ginger Punch, English Channel, Curlin
  • 2008 The banking group BNP Paribas states that Australia is in a risky position with regards to the global financial crisis as foreign liabilities accounted for 60% of the nation's GDP
  • 2011 Royal Australian Navy announces discovery of wreck of a World War II submarine (likely Japanese) in Simpson Harbour, Papua New Guinea during Operation RENDER SAFE
  • 2011 MLB World Series Game 6: St. Louis Cardinal 3B David Freese hits game-tying 2 run triple with 2 outs in the 9th and then hits walk-off home run in the 11th
  • 2012 46 people are killed and 123 injured in Iraq after a series of attacks and bombs
  • 2012 Thousands demonstrate in Madrid against proposed budget cuts
  • 2013 38 people are killed in a series of car bombings in Bagdhad, Iraq
  • 2013 18 people are killed by a roadside bomb in Afghanistan
  • 2013 Giorgi Margvelashvili wins the Georgian Presidential election in a landslide victory

Sports History

2013 German Red Bull driver Sebastian Vettel wins the Indian Grand Prix at the Buddh International Circuit to clinch his 4th straight F1 World Drivers Championship; 6th consecutive GP victory

Sports History

2013 American Serena Williams wins her 4th season ending tennis title; beats Li Na of China 2–6, 6–3, 6–0 in the WTA Championship final in Istanbul, Turkey

Album Release

2014 Taylor Swift releases her 5th studio album “1989” (2015 Billboard Album of the Year, Grammy Award for Album of the Year 2016)

  • 2014 "Montevallo" debut album by Sam Hunt is released (American Country Countdown Award Digital Album of the Year 2016, Billboard Album of the Year 2015)

Sports History

2015 American soccer star Abby Wambach announces her retirement

  • 2017 First operation to separate conjoined twins joined at the head in India completed in New Delhi

Historic Event

2017 Catalan parliament meets and unilaterally declares independence from Spain

  • 2018 Gunman shoots and kills 11 people and injures six at the Tree of Life synagogue in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in an anti-Semitic attack
  • 2018 EPL club Leicester City’s billionaire Thai owner, Vichai Srivaddhanaprabha dies in a helicopter crash in the carpark outside the club’s King Power Stadium following 1-1 draw against West Ham United
  • 2018 Australian 7-year old mare Winx wins unprecedented fourth consecutive Cox Plate at Moonee Valley in Melbourne; her record 29th-straight win and her 22nd Group 1 racing success
  • 2018 LA Dodgers beat the Boston Red Sox, 3-2 in Game 3 of baseball's World Series; a record 46 players used by both teams; Boston go on to win 4 games to 1
  • 2019 Wes Studi is the first Native American actor to receive an Oscar, an honorary award for career achievement
  • 2019 Argentine presidential election won by Alberto Fernandez, defeating sitting President Mauricio Macri
  • 2019 California Governor Gavin Newson declares state of emergency with multiple fires across the state, including Sonomoa County's Kincade Fire burning over 30,000 acres