Historical Events on October 30

  • 637 Antioch surrenders to the Muslim forces under Rashidun Caliphate after the Battle of Iron bridge
  • 701 John VI of Greece begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 942 Alberic nominates Pope Marinus II (Martinus III)

Event of Interest

1077 Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV gives the district of Stavoren to the bishop of Utrecht (Conrad, his former tutor)

Battle of Interest

1137 Battle of Rignano between Ranulf of Apulia and Roger II of Sicily.

  • 1270 The Eighth Crusade and siege of Tunis ended by agreement between Charles I of Sicily (brother to King Louis IX of France, who had died months earlier) and the sultan of Tunis.
  • 1340 Battle of Rio Salado (or Tarifa): King Afonso IV of Portugal and King Alfonso XI of Castile defeat Sultan Abu al-Hasan 'Ali of Morocco and Yusuf I of Granada, last Marīnids invasion of Iberian Peninsula
  • 1389 French King Charles VI visits pope Clemens VII

Victory in Battle

1470 Wars of the Roses: Henry VI of England returns to the English throne after Earl of Warwick defeats Yorkists in battle

  • 1485 Henry VII of England crowned at Westminster Abbey
  • 1489 Peace of Tours, between emperor Maximilian I & Flemings

Event of Interest

1502 Vasco da Gama returns to Calicut, India for the second time.

  • 1503 Queen Isabella of Spain bans violence against Indians in the Americas
  • 1611 Gustaaf II Adolf (17) becomes king of Sweden

Event of Interest

1629 King Charles I gives Bahamas to Sir Robert Heath

  • 1697 Germany signs French/English/Spanish/Dutch/Brandenburgs peace treaty ending the Nine Years' War
  • 1739 Great Britain declares war on Spain: War of Jenkins' Ear [NS=Oct 19]
  • 1766 St. Paul's Chapel in New York is consecrated
  • 1768 First Methodist church in North American colonies initiated (Wesley Chapel, NYC)

Event of Interest

1772 Captain James Cook arrives with ship HMS Resolution in Cape Town, South Africa

  • 1851 Alfred de Musset's "Bettine" premieres in Paris
  • 1864 Helena, Montana's capital, founded
  • 1864 Treaty of Vienna signed to end the Second Schleswig War - Denmark loses control of Schleswig to Prussia, and of Holstein to Austria

Event of Interest

1866 Jesse James' gang robs bank in Lexington, Missouri ($2000)

  • 1868 John Menard of Louisiana is 1st African American elected to US Congress
  • 1871 Philadelphia Athletics beat Chicago for 1st National Association baseball pennant

Event of Interest

1873 P. T. Barnum's circus, "Greatest Show on Earth", debuts (New York City)

  • 1883 Austria-Hungary, Germany and Romania sign military treaty
  • 1886 Great Britain and Germany agree boundaries in East Africa
  • 1888 John J Loud patents ballpoint pen

Event of Interest

1888 Ndebele-king Lobengula grants Cecil Rhodes, Mashonaland £100 per month

  • 1893 US Senate approves repealing Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890
  • 1894 Daniel Cooper patents time clock
  • 1894 Domenico Melegatti obtains a patent for a procedure to be applied in industrial production of pandoro (a traditional Italian sweet yeast bread).

Music History

1896 Amy Beach's "Gaelic Symphony" debuts by the Boston Symphony Orchestra; the first major work by an American female composer receives "public and journalistic acclaim."

  • 1899 Battle of Ladysmith, Natal: Boers defeat the British, leading to the Siege of Ladysmith

Event of Interest

1899 British Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill reaches Capetown

  • 1901 The Second Boer War: Battle at Bakenlaagte - British Army Lieutenant-Colonel Benson's rear guard is overwhelmed by Boer General Botha's troops
  • 1903 In violation of their promise to evacuate Manchuria, the Russian reoccupy Mukden and reinforce their troops in Manchuria

Event of Interest

1905 "October Manifesto" Russian Tsar Nicholas II grants civil liberties and accepts the first Duma (Parliament)

Theater Premiere

1905 George Bernard Shaw's play "Mrs Warren's Profession" premieres in NYC

  • 1911 Clark Griffith is named manager of Washington Senators
  • 1914 Allied offensive at Ypres (Belgium), aka 'Wipers' during WWI begins

Event of Interest

1917 British government gives final approval to Balfour Declaration

  • 1918 Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state
  • 1918 WWI: Turkey signs an armistice with the Allies, agreeing to end hostilities at noon on 31 October
  • 1919 Baseball league presidents call for abolishment of spitball
  • 1920 The Communist Party of Australia is founded in Sydney.
  • 1922 Anxious to compete with the Yankees, the NY Giants pay $65,000 & 3 players for Jack Bentley (hit .349 & was 13-2 as pitcher for Baltimore (International League) in 1922)

Event of Interest

1922 Benito Mussolini forms government in Italy

  • 1925 KUT-AM in Austin TX begins radio transmissions
  • 1929 The Stuttgart Cable Car is constructed in Germany
  • 1930 Turkey & Greece sign a treaty of friendship

Music History

1931 Eugene Ormandy makes his debut leading the Philadelphia Orchestra, substituting for an ailing Arturo Toscanini

  • 1931 W2XB TV channel 1 in NYC, NY (NBC) begins broadcasting

Panic Over War of the Worlds

1938 A radio broadcast of H. G. Wells "The War of the Worlds", narrated by Orson Welles, allegedly causes a mass panic

  • 1939 German U boat fails on attack of English battleship Nelson with Winston Churchill, Dudley Pound & Charles Forbes aboard

Agreement of Interest

1939 USSR & Germany agree on partitioning Poland, Adolf Hitler deports Jews

One Night in the Tropics

1940 "One Night in the Tropics", first film for Abbott and Costello, premieres in Paterson, New Jersey

Music Premiere

1940 Cole Porter's musical "Panama Hattie" opens at 46th Street Theatre, NYC; runs 501 performances

  • 1942 8th day of battle at El Alamein: new Australian assault
  • 1942 US aircraft carrier Enterprise reaches Noumea

Event of Interest

1943 Molotov-Eden-Cordell Hull accord over operations at UN

  • 1943 Soviet forces under Fyodor Ivanovich Tolbukhin commenced offensive on the 4th Ukrainian Front

Music History

1944 Aaron Copland's ballet score "Appalachian Spring" premieres in Washington, D.C. with Martha Graham dancing lead role

Event of Interest

1944 Anne Frank is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen

  • 1944 Last transport for Auschwitz arrives in Birkenau
  • 1944 Scots Highlanders liberate Waalwijk
  • 1944 Sweden announces intention to stay neutral & refuse sanctuary in WW II
  • 1944 Tholen Island (Netherlands) freed during WWII
  • 1945 US government announces end of shoe rationing
  • 1947 23 countries sign GATT agreement in Geneva

Music Premiere

1947 Darius Milhaud's 3rd Symphony "Hymnus Ambrosianus," premieres in Paris

  • 1948 20 die & 6,000 made ill by smog in Donora, Pennsylvania
  • 1948 Operation Hiram: Israelis take control of Galilee

Music History

1949 "Lost in the Stars" by Maxwell Anderson and Kurt Weill, based on the novel "Cry the Beloved Country" by Alan Paton opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 281 performances

  • 1950 David Diamond's 3rd Symphony premieres with the Boston Symphony Orchestra conducted by Charles Munch

Event of Interest

1950 Pope Pius XII witnesses "The Miracle of the Sun" while at the Vatican

  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1952 4th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Tim Flock wins

Event of Interest

1952 Clarence Birdseye sells first frozen peas

Nobel Prize

1953 Dr Albert Schweitzer & Gen George Marshall win Nobel Peace Prize

  • 1954 1st use of 24-sec shot clock in pro basketball (Rochester vs Boston)
  • 1954 US Defense Department announces elimination of all racially segregated regiments
  • 1955 7th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Tim Flock wins
  • 1955 Businessman and horse breeder William Woodward, Jr. is shot dead by his wife Ann Cromwell after she mistook him for an intruder
  • 1955 Imtiaz Ahmed scores 209 v NZ, the record for a no 8 batsman
  • 1956 Dodgers sell Ebbets Field to a real estate group. They agree to stay until 1959, with an option to stay until 1961
  • 1956 Israel captures Egyptian military post at El-Thamad

Music Premiere

1957 Dmitri Shostakovich's 11th Symphony premieres in Moscow

  • 1957 WLWI (now WTHR) TV channel 13 in Indianapolis, IN (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • 1957 WYTV TV channel 33 in Youngstown, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1960 12th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Rex White wins
  • 1960 Guatemala's "La Hora" reports plan for invasion on Cuba
  • 1960 Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.

Event of Interest

1961 Soviet Party Congress unanimously approves a resolution removing Stalin's body from Lenin's tomb in Red Square as part of de-Stalinization efforts

  • 1961 Soviet Union tests a 58 megaton hydrogen bomb named Tsar Bomba, the most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • 1963 Morocco & Algeria sign cease fire

Sports History

1963 Sandy Koufax wins NL MVP award

  • 1964 Tran Van Huong appointed premier of South Vietnam

Film & TV History

1965 British model Jean Shrimpton causes a sensation at Derby Day at the Melbourne races wearing a white shift dress (four inches above the knee)

  • 1965 Fireworks explosions kill 50 in Cartagena, Colombia

Sports History

1966 16th NASCAR Sprint Cup: David Pearson wins

  • 1967 Arthur Allyn says Chicago White Sox will play 9 games in Milwaukee in 1968

The Last Thing On My Mind

1967 Dolly Parton releases her debut single with Porter Wagoner "The Last Thing On My Mind"

  • 1967 Ferdinand Bracke bicycles world record time (48,093 km)
  • 1967 USSR Kosmos 186 & 188 make 1st automatic docking & Venmera 13 launch

Meeting of Interest

1968 Jack Lynch, Irish Prime Minister (Taoiseach), meets with Harold Wilson, then British Prime Minister, in London, calling for the ending of partition as a means to resolve the unrest in Northern Ireland

  • 1968 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Lars Onsager (thermodynamics)
  • 1968 Nobel prize for physics awarded to Luis Alvarez (bubble chamber)
  • 1968 Queen Juliana opens IJ tunnel in Amsterdam
  • 1969 WXPO (now WNDS) TV channel 50 in Manchester, NH (IND) 1st broadcast
  • 1970 KVEW TV channel 42 in Kennewick, WA (ABC) begins broadcasting

Meeting of Interest

1970 Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark meets with British Home Secretary Reginald Maulling to discuss matters related to reforms and security

  • 1970 There are serious riots in the Catholic Ardoyne area of Belfast which last for three nights
  • 1972 Loyalist paramilitaries carry out a raid on Royal Ulster Constabulary station in County Derry, and steal 4 British Army Sterling sub-machine Guns
  • 1972 The Northern Ireland Office issues a discussion document 'The Future of Northern Ireland'; the paper states Britain's commitment to the union as long as the majority of people wish to remain part of the United Kingdom
  • 1972 Worst US rail accident in 14 years; 45 die in Chicago, llinois

Opening of the Bosphorus Bridge

1973 The Bosphorus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, connecting the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus for the first time

Sports History

1973 Tom Seaver becomes 1st non-20-game winner to win Cy Young award

Boxing Title Fight

1974 "The Rumble in the Jungle": Muhammad Ali KOs George Foreman in the 8th round in Kinshasa, Zaire; regains world heavyweight boxing title with famous "rope-a-dope" tactic

  • 1974 "The Texas Chain Saw Massacre" horror film premieres in Los Angeles

Sports History

1974 California Angel Nolan Ryan throws fastest recorded pitch (100.9 MPH)

  • 1974 Catfish Hunter is named AL Cy Young Award
  • 1975 Giants pitcher John "the Count of" Montefusco wins NL Rookie of Year
  • 1975 John Bucyk, Boston, became 7th NHLer to score 500 goals
  • 1975 King Juan Carlos assumes power in Spain
  • 1975 NY Daily News runs headline "Ford to City: Drop Dead"
  • 1976 "Going Up" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 49 performances
  • 1976 Jane Pauley becomes news co-anchor of Today Show
  • 1976 Rev Joseph Evans elected president of United Church of Christ
  • 1977 Panama 747SP lands after polar flight around Earth in record 54:07
  • 1978 Laura Nickel & Curt Noll find 25th Mersenne prime, 2 ^ 21701-1
  • 1978 Uganda troops attack Tanzania
  • 1979 NASA launches space vehicle S-203
  • 1979 Richard Arrington, Jr. is elected the first African American mayor in Birmingham, Alabama

Journey Through The Secret Life of Plants

1979 Tamla/Motown releases Stevie Wonder's documentary film soundtrack "Journey Through The Secret Life of Plants"

  • 1980 Honduras and El Salvador sign a peace treaty ending the "Football War"
  • 1980 NASA launches Flt Satcom-4
  • 1982 Portugal revises constitution
  • 1983 The first democratic elections are held in Argentina after seven years of military rule.
  • 1984 Tigers reliever Willie Hernandez wins AL Cy Young Award
  • 1985 "Rockin' with the Rhythm" second studio album by The Judds is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1986)
  • 1985 22nd NASA Space Shuttle Mission (61-A): Challenger 9 launches
  • 1986 Discovery moves to OPF where more than 200 modifications are made


1987 "Faith" debut album by George Michael is released

  • 1987 In Japan, NEC releases the first 16-bit home entertainment system, the TurboGrafx-16, known as PC Engine.
  • 1988 2 gambling clubs & 1 player share 61.38 M California lotto jackpot

Golf Tournament

1988 Beth Daniel wins Nichirei Ladies Cup US-Japan Team Golf Championship

F1 World Champion

1988 Brazilian McLaren driver Ayrton Senna wins Japanese Grand Prix at Suzuka, his record 8th GP win of the season; clinches first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship

  • 1988 Jim Elliott (US) completes 24-hr paced outdoor race for 548.9 mi
  • 1988 NY Jets finally beat Pittsburgh Steelers for 1st time
  • 1989 August A. Busch III becomes CEO of St Louis Cards
  • 1989 Smith Dairy at Orrville Ohio, makes largest milk shake (1,575.2 gal)
  • 1990 Britain and France complete the "Chunnel" under the English Channel
  • 1991 Colombian government negotiate with M-19-guerrilla
  • 1991 Mid East peace conference begins in Madrid Spain
  • 1992 MTA begins installing automated fare collection turnstiles
  • 1993 Toronto Maple Leafs lose 1st game of season after going 10-0-0
  • 1994 Leftist coalition wins Macedonian parliamentary election

Historic Invention

1994 Thomas Nicely reports bug in Intel's Pentium-processor on the Internet

  • 1995 Québec votes in a referendum to remain part of Canada
  • 1996 Exxon confirms that it is in talks with state-owned Qatar General Petroleum Corporation concerning the application of new technology to convert natural gas to petroleum products
  • 1997 "The Cherry Orchard" opens at Martin Beck Theater, NYC

Sports History

1997 Argentine soccer star Diego Maradona announces his retirement from football on his 37th birthday

  • 1997 Shirley Allen, 51, held Illinois police off for 39 days captured
  • 2002 British Digital terrestrial television (DTT) Service Freeview begins transmitting in parts of the United Kingdom.


2003 Stephen Schwartz's musical "Wicked", a re-telling of the "Wizard of Oz" from the Wicked Witch of the West's' point of view, starring Idina Menzel and Kristin Chenoweth, opens at the Gershwin Theatre, NYC; run is ongoing, wins 2 Tony Awards, 7 Drama Desk Awards, and a Grammy

  • 2004 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Lone Star Park; winners: Ghostzapper, Wilko, Ashado, Better Talk Now, Oujja Board, Sweet Catomine, Singletary, Speightstown
  • 2005 The rebuilt Dresden Frauenkirche (destroyed in the firebombing of Dresden during World War II) is reconsecrated after a thirteen-year rebuilding project.
  • 2007 "Long Road Out of Eden" 7th studio album by the Eagles is released (Billboard Album of the Year 2008)

The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn - Part 1

2011 "The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn - Part 1" based on the book by Stephenie Meyer, directed by Bill Condon, starring Kristen Stewart and Robert Pattinson, premieres at the Rome Film Festival

Sports History

2011 Czech tennis star Petra Kvitová beats Victoria Azarenka of Belarus 7–5, 4–6, 6–3 in the WTA Championship decider in Istanbul, Turkey

Film & TV History

2012 Walt Disney purchases Lucasfilm Ltd, and its rights for Star Wars and Indiana Jones franchises, for $4.05 billion

  • 2013 44 people are killed after a bus catches fire in Mahbubnagar, India

Sports History

2013 Baseball World Series: Boston Red Sox beat St Louis Cardinals, 6-1 in Game 6 at Fenway Park to win title; MVP: Boston slugger David Ortiz

  • 2014 Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks win the 2014 Japan Series
  • 2015 Breeders' Cup Horse Racing, Keeneland Racetrack; Day 1 winners: Hit It A Bomb, Liam's Map, Catch A Glimpse, Stopchargingmaria
  • 2015 Polish tennis star Agnieszka Radwańska wins the WTA Finals title at Kallang. Singapore; beats Czech Petra Kvitová 6–2, 4–6, 6–3
  • 2016 6.6-magnitude earthquake hits central Italy - strongest in Italy for 36 years
  • 2016 Canada and the EU sign free trade deal after opposition by Belgium
  • 2016 Oakland Raiders break the single game record for most penalties in an NFL game gaining 23 in win over Tampa Bay Buccaneers

Sports History

2016 Slovak tennis star Dominika Cibulková beats Germany's Angelique Kerber 6-3, 6-4 to win the WTA Finals title decider in Kallang, Singapore

Film & TV History

2017 Actor Kevin Spacey issues apology after actor Anthony Rapp accuses him of inappropriate sexual behaviour when he was 14

Election of Interest

2017 Kenyan election rerun, President Uhuru Kenyatta declared the winner with 38% turnout

Event of Interest

2017 President Trump’s former campaign chairman, Paul Manafort and associate Rick Gates are indicted on fraud charges, advisor George Papadopoulos pleads guilty to lying to the FBI

  • 2017 US federal judge blocks President Trump's ban on transgender people in the military
  • 2018 German ex-nurse Niels Högel admits in court to killing over 100 patients, making him one of the world's worst serial killers
  • 2018 US Pentagon sends 5,200 troops to Mexican border in advance of migrant caravan from Central America
  • 2018 WWF conservation group says "exploding human consumption" has caused a 60% decline in all wildlife between 1970 and 2014
  • 2019 Baseball World Series: Washington Nationals beat Houston Astros, 6-2 in Game 7 at Minute Maid Park, Houston to win first title in franchise history; MVP: Washington pitcher Stephen Strasburg
  • 2019 Kashmir officially loses their autonomous status, their flag and their constitution, as India brings it under federal control

Event of Interest

2019 Twitter head Jack Dorsey announces it will no longer take political ads

  • 2020 7.0 magnitude earthquake in the Aegean Sea kills at least 64 in Turkish city of Izmir and Greek Island of Samos
  • 2020 New DNA study of dogs suggests they were human's first domesticated animal, 11,000 years ago at end of the Bronze Age [1]

Event of Interest

2020 UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson announces a second four-week lockdown for England

Rock & Roll Hall of Fame

2021 36th Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees: Foo Fighters; The Go-Go's; Jay-Z; Carole King; Todd Rundgren; Tina Turner; Kraftwerk; Gil Scott-Heron; Charley Patton; LL Cool J; Billy Preston; Randy Rhodes; and Clarence Avant