Historical Events on October 4

Events 1 - 200 of 208

  • 1209 Pope Innocent II crowns German king Otto of Wittelsbach
  • 1227 Assassination of Caliph al-Adil.
  • 1363 End of the Battle of Lake Poyang; the Chinese rebel forces of Zhu Yuanzhang defeat that of his rival, Chen Youliang, one of the largest naval battles in history with 850,000 taking part (approx.)
  • 1537 The first complete English-language Bible (the Matthew Bible) is printed, with translations by William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale.
  • 1571 -13] Synod of Emden, Calvinist leaders establish the Dutch Reformed Church.
  • 1582 Last Julian calendar day in Spain, Portugal and pontifical states
  • 1636 Battle at Wittstock, Brandenburg: Sweden beat Ferdinand III
  • 1636 In Massachusetts the Plymouth Colony's 1st law drafted
  • 1648 Peter Stuyvesant establishes America's 1st volunteer fire service
  • 1675 Dutch mathematician Christiaan Huygens patents the pocket watch
  • 1693 Battle of Marsaglia: Piedmontese troops are defeated by the French.
  • 1712 Utrecht banishes poor Jews
  • 1725 Foundation of Rosario in Argentina.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1777 Battle of Germantown: Gen George Washington's troops attack and are defeated by the British at Germantown, Pennsylvania

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1779 Fort Wilson Riot takes place

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1809 Spencer Perceval becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after William Cavendish-Bentinck, Duke of Portland retires due to ill health

British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval
British Prime Minister
Spencer Perceval
British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister
William Cavendish-Bentinck

  • 1824 Mexico becomes a republic
  • 1830 Provisional government declares secession of Belgium from Netherlands
  • 1834 Franz Grillparzer's "Der Traum ein Leben" premieres in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1854 Abraham Lincoln made his 1st political speech at Illinois State Fair

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1862 Battle of Corinth ends
  • 1864 National black convention meets in Syracuse, New York
  • 1864 New Orleans Tribune, 1st black daily newspaper, forms
  • 1873 Toronto Argonauts Football Club (CFL) forms as Argonaut Rowing Club rugby-football squad; oldest existing pro sports team in North America still using original name
  • 1873 British Open Golf, St Andrews: Scotsman Tom Kidd beats countryman Jamie Anderson by 1 stroke; first Open not held at Prestwick GC
  • 1878 British Open Golf, Prestwick GC: Scotsman Jamie Anderson wins 2nd of 3 consecutive Championships; beats Bob Kirk by 2 strokes
  • 1880 University of California founded in Los Angeles
  • 1881 Edward Leveaux patents automatic player piano

Historic CommunicationThe Orient Express

1883 The Orient Express departs on its first official journey from Paris to Instanbul
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  • 1883 First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland.
  • 1895 1st US Open Golf, Newport GC: Englishman Horace Rawlins wins inaugural event; beats Willie Dunn of Scotland by 2 strokes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1897 George Bernard Shaw's "Devil's Disciple" premieres in NYC

  • 1900 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Problem of Thor Bridge" (BG)
  • 1900 In a final confrontation, some 4000 Ashantis are defeated by the British in Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • 1901 Charlie Barr skippered Columbia (US) beats Shamrock II (UK), 3-0 on New York City Harbour in 11th America's Cup yachting challenge series
  • 1906 Chicago Cubs beat Pittsburg Pirates, 4-0 to end MLB season at 116-36 with .763 winning percentage; unmatched since
  • 1910 Portugal becomes a republic, King Manuel II flees to England
  • 1910 Adoption of the Flag of Bermuda.
  • 1911 1st escalator installed on the London Underground at Earl's Court Station
  • 1913 Freddy Wilson of Regina Roughriders kicks 10 singles in 21-3 win over Saskatoon Rugby Club
  • 1914 Dardanelles: French & British fleet bombards Turkish forts

  • 1915 Dinosaur National Monument in Colorado & Utah is established
  • 1916 Market Street's "Path of Gold" lit for 1st time
  • 1917 British assault on Broodseinde, France

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1918 Musical "Sometime" with Mae West premieres in NYC

Actress Mae West
Actress
Mae West
  • 1921 League of Nations refuses to assist starving Russians
  • 1921 Riccardo Zanella becomes first elected President of Free State of Fiume
  • 1922 Writer Grantland Rice does the announcing as the New York Giants-New York Yankees Baseball World Series is broadcast for the first time over radio (WJZ & WGY)
  • 1922 Protocol of Genevia signed: Austria gains independence
  • 1923 Young Stribling ostensibly beats Mike McTigue on points in Columbus, Georgia for world light-heavyweight boxing title; referee Harry Ertle later calls fight a draw saying he was coerced by promoters into awarding points decision to Stribling; McTigue retains title
  • 1924 New York Giants became first team to play in 4 consecutive World Series; win Game 1, 4-3 at Griffith Field; lose series, 4-3 in manager John McGraw's 9th and final WS appearance

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Harry Heilmann gets 6 hits in Detroit's doubleheader sweep over St Louis Browns, 10-4 and 11-6, to edge teammate Ty Cobb for AL batting crown, .393 to .389; Cobb bats over .300 for the 20th time

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb
  • 1926 Dahlia is officially designated as San Francisco city flower
  • 1927 Gutzon Borglum begins sculpting Mt. Rushmore (works on till 1941)
  • 1928 25th World Series begins at Yankee Stadium with Bronx Bombers beating St Louis Cardinals, 4-1; sweep series for 2nd consecutive year
  • 1928 KPD begins petition against Germany building a battle fleet
  • 1930 Philadelphia Athletics' Jack Quinn aged 47, oldest to play in World Series; pitches 2 innings in Game 3, 5-0 defeat to St. Louis; win series, 4-2
  • 1931 Dick Tracy comic strip by Chester Gould debuts
  • 1931 Juan Esteban Montero becomes President of Chile
  • 1932 Anti-semite Julius Gombos forms new government in Hungary
  • 1933 Esquire magazine is 1st published
  • 1936 Italian lire devalued
  • 1936 Record crowd 66,669 packs Yankee Stadium for Game 4 of Baseball World Series; Yankees beat Giants, 5-2; win series, 4-2
  • 1939 Last Polish troops surrender
  • 1940 12 German aircrafts shot down above England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini confer at Brenner Pass in the Alps

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 French Vichy regime proclaims end of "Statute of the Jews"
  • 1942 German assault on Tractor factory in Stalingrad
  • 1943 Corsica freed by Free French
  • 1943 German occupiers forbid flying of kites (6 month jail sentence)
  • 1944 British troops land on Greek continent
  • 1944 The only all-St. Louis World Series opens at Sportsman's Park with the visiting Browns beating the Cardinals, 2-1 on George McQuinn's home run; Cards win series, 4-2
  • 1948 Cleveland Indians beat Boston Red Sox, 8 - 3, in a one-game playoff to decide the AL pennant; keys are the pitching of Gene Bearden and hitting of Lou Boudreau
  • 1948 World Council of Churches forms under W Fisherman It Hooft
  • 1949 American Contract Bridge League votes 58½% to keep blacks out
  • 1949 United Nations' permanent NYC headquarters is dedicated
  • 1952 "Top Banana" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 356 performances
  • 1953 British runner Jim Peters sets world marathon record 2:18:34.8 in the Turku Marathon in Finland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 NY Yankees slugging center fielder Mickey Mantle hits a grand slam off Russ Meyer; Bronx Bombers hold on to win, 11-7 v Brooklyn Dodgers in Game 5 of Baseball World Series; Yankees win series, 4-2

Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle
  • 1955 Brooklyn Dodgers win their first Baseball World Series with a 2-0 victory in Game 7 against arch-rival New York Yankees; Dodgers had lost their previous 7 World Series
  • 1955 Rev Sun Young Moon leaves prison in Seoul
  • 1956 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
  • 1957 "Leave It to Beaver" debuts on CBS
  • 1957 USSR launches Sputnik I, 1st artificial Earth satellite
  • 1957 Avro Arrow roll-out ceremony at Avro Canada plant in Malton, Ontario.
  • 1958 12th NHL All-Star Game, Montreal Forum: Maurice 'Rocket' Richard scores twice and brother Henri the winner as Montreal Canadiens beat All-Stars, 6-3
  • 1958 5th French republic forms
  • 1958 Transatlantic commercial jet passenger service began (BOAC)
  • 1958 Fifth Republic of France is established.
  • 1959 First Baseball World Series game played west of St Louis; LA Dodgers beat Chicago White Sox 3-1 in Game 3; record 92,394 at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Future Pro Football Hall of Fame running back Jim Brown makes club record 37 rushing attempts in Cleveland Browns, 34-7 win at Chicago Cardinals

NFL Legend Jim Brown
NFL Legend
Jim Brown

Music concertMusic Concert

1959 Dmitri Shostakovich's 1st Cello concert premieres in Leningrad

  • 1959 Netherlands equal best performance against neighbours Belgium; win, 9-1 in soccer friendly at De Kuip, Rotterdam; Piet van der Kuil & Faas Wilkes score 3 apiece
  • 1959 USSR Luna 3 sent back 1st photos of Moon's far side
  • 1960 Courier 1B Launched; 1st active repeater satellite in orbit
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 NY Yankees pitcher Whitey Ford records 3rd straight Baseball World Series shutout in Yankees 2-0 win v Cincinnati Reds in Game 1 at Yankee Stadium; NY wins series , 4-1

MLB Pitcher Whitey Ford
MLB Pitcher
Whitey Ford
  • 1962 USAF Maj Robert A Rushworth takes X-15 to 32,300m

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Willie Mays scores in the 2nd inning for the Giants ending Whitey Ford's record Baseball World Series consecutive scoreless inning streak at ​33 2⁄3; Yankees beat Giants, 6-2 in Game 1 and 4-3 in the series

MLB Legend Willie Mays
MLB Legend
Willie Mays
MLB Pitcher Whitey Ford
MLB Pitcher
Whitey Ford
  • 1963 -8] Hurricane Flora, kills 6,000 in Cuba & Haiti
  • 1963 Gambia achieves full internal self-government
  • 1964 -7] Hurricane Hilda, kills 38 in La, Miss & Ga

Sport awardGolf Major

1964 LPGA Championship, Stardust CC; Mary Mills shoots final round 69 to win first of her 2 LPGA C'ships, 2 strokes ahead of defending champion Mickey Wright

LPGA Golfer Mary Mills
LPGA Golfer
Mary Mills
LPGA Golfer Mickey Wright
LPGA Golfer
Mickey Wright
  • 1964 3 cars of a commuter train derails in South Africa killing 81
  • 1964 Italian Autostrada del Sol opens at Milan-Naples
  • 1964 Boston Patriots' kicker Gino Cappelletti lands 6-from-6 field goals and 3-from-3 conversions in 39-10 win v Denver Broncos at Bears Stadium, Denver
  • 1965 "Pickwick" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 56 performances
  • 1965 Pope Paul VI becomes 1st Pope to visit Western Hemisphere (UN)
  • 1965 USSR launches Luna 7; crash lands on Moon
  • 1966 Dutch Cardinal Alfrink presents New Catechism
  • 1966 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll

  • 1966 Lesotho (Basutoland) gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1967 St Louis Cardinals beat Boston Red Sox, 2-1 in Game 1 of Baseball World Series at Fenway Park; first Fall Classic since 1948 not to feature Yankees, Giants or Dodgers; Cards win series, 4-3
  • 1967 Omar Ali Saifuddin III of Brunei abdicates in favour of his son, His Majesty Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
  • 1968 A Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) delegation meet with the Derry March organisers and try to have the march cancelled; eventually it was decided to go ahead with the march.
  • 1969 Last wooden passenger subway cars retired at Brooklyn Myrtle Beach
  • 1969 UN starts issuing postage stamps at Geneva headquarters
  • 1969 MLB holds first league championship games; National League Championship Series: New York Mets beat Atlanta Braves, 9-5; Baltimore Orioles beat Minnesota Twins, 4-3 in American League Championship Series
  • 1970 Umps return after 1-day walkout in quest of higher wages
  • 1970 WFYI TV channel 20 in Indianapolis, IN (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1970 Herbert Schmidtz makes highest parachute jump from a tower by leaping from a 1,984 ft TV mast in Tulsa, Oklahoma
  • 1970 Jochen Rindt of Austria posthumously clinches World Formula 1 Drivers title at the US Grand Prix at Watkins Glen when contender Jacky Ickx finishes 4th; Rindt killed in a practice accident at the Italian GP at Monza 5/9/70
  • 1971 Borden's opens a turn-of-century ice cream parlor at Disney World
  • 1971 KMPH TV channel 26 in Visalia-Fresno, CA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1971 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Future Baseball Hall of Famer Ted Williams manages his final game as Texas Rangers lose to KC Royals, 4-0 in the last game played at Municipal Stadium; Williams replaced by Whitey Herzog

Baseball Player Ted Williams
Baseball Player
Ted Williams
  • 1973 Hans of Manens ballet "Adagio Hammerklavier" premieres in Amsterdam

Music releaseAlbum Release

1974 John Lennon releases "Walls & Bridges" album featuring No. 1 single "Whatever Gets You thru the Night"

Musician and Beatle John Lennon
Musician and Beatle
John Lennon
  • 1975 A Cessna 310Q airplane crashes over Wilmington, North Carolina, killing the pilot and severely injuring several pro wrestlers affiliated with the NWA's Mid-Atlantic promotion. One of the survivors is the legendary Ric Flair.
  • 1976 US Agriculture Secretary Earl Butz resigns after telling a racial joke
  • 1976 Supreme Court lifts 1972 ban on death penalty for convicted murderers
  • 1976 Official launch of the Intercity 125 High Speed Train (HST).
  • 1978 Pier 39 opens in San Francisco
  • 1978 Funeral services held for Pope John Paul I
  • 1979 Hugh Leonards "Life" premieres in Dublin
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1980 Future Baseball Hall of Fame 3rd baseman Mike Schmidt's 2-run homer off Stan Bahnsen in 11th inning gives Philadelphia, 6-4 win v Montreal and NL East title; Schmidt's 48th of the season; breaks Eddie Mathews' single-season MLB record for 3rd basemen

MLB Third Baseman Mike Schmidt
MLB Third Baseman
Mike Schmidt
  • 1980 ABC premiere of Saturday futuristic fantasy cartoon "Thundarr the Barbarian"
  • 1981 Meadowlands Arena opens in New Jersey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 West German parliament officially confirms Helmut Kohl as the country's new Chancellor

German Chancellor Helmut Kohl
German Chancellor
Helmut Kohl
  • 1983 Richard Noble driving Thrust2 reaches new land speed record of 650.88 mph (1,047.49 km/h) at Black Rock Desert, Nevada
  • 1985 Henry G Perry completes 157 day, 14,021 mile bicycle tour of Australia
  • 1985 Shi'ite Muslims claim to have killed hostage William Buckley
  • 1985 Free Software Foundation is founded in Massachusetts, USA

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1986 NY Yankees closer Dave Righetti saves both doubleheader games at Fenway Park for 5-3 and 3-1 wins v Boston; Righetti's MLB record 46th save

MLB Pitcher and Coach Dave Righetti
MLB Pitcher and Coach
Dave Righetti
  • 1986 Queen Beatrice installs dam at Oosterschelde
  • 1986 Rachel Oliver (Mass), 20, crowned 19th Miss Black America
  • 1987 First "Scab Sunday" of NFL football with replacement players as a result of players strike; chiefly related to the expiration of 1982 Collective Bargaining Agreement; players returned October 15
  • 1987 Winnipeg CFL defensive back James Jefferson scores 2 TDs on interception returns without making an interception; scores both on laterals in Blue Bombers' 47-14 win v Hamilton Tiger-Cats

Film release premierFilm Premier

1987 "The Last Emperor" directed by Bernardo Bertolucci and starring John Lone, Joan Chen and Peter O'Toole premieres at the Tokyo Film Festival (Best Picture 1988)

Director and Screenwriter Bernardo Bertolucci
Director and Screenwriter
Bernardo Bertolucci
  • 1988 Pillsbury stock soars $18.37 to $57.37 on takeover bid

  • 1989 SF Giants 1st baseman Will Clark hits first NLCS grand slam since 1977 in 11-3 win v Chicago Cubs; Clark goes 4-for-4 with 2 HRs to tie NLCS RBI record (6) for an entire series in less than 4 innings
  • 1989 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1990 "Stand Up Tragedy" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 13 performances
  • 1990 Regional elections held in East Germany

Film release premierFilm Premier

1990 U.S. premiere of Fox TV's "Beverly Hills, 90210" starring Luke Perry, Jason Priestley and Shannen Doherty

  • 1991 Delta Center in Salt Lake City Utah

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Edmonton Oilers trade captain Mark Messier (on the team for all 5 Stanley Cups) to the NY Rangers in exchange for Bernie Nicholls, Steven Rice & Louie DeBrusk; Messier leads Rangers to Cup 2 seasons later

NHL Legend Mark Messier
NHL Legend
Mark Messier
  • 1991 San Jose Sharks play first NHL game in franchise history, a 4-3 loss in Vancouver; native Californian Craig Coxe scores club's first goal while Jeff Hackett makes an impressive 48 saves
  • 1991 Whiteland Janice, driven by Mike Lachance, wins Kentucky Futurity
  • 1991 The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty is opened for signature.
  • 1992 "Anna Karenina" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 46 performances
  • 1992 "Real Inspector Hound" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 61 performances
  • 1992 1st time AL East & West champs have same record (96-66)-Tor & Oak

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Solheim Cup Women's Golf, Dalmahoy CC: Europe beats US, 11½-6½; Laura Davies of England wins all her 3 matches

LPGA Golfer Laura Davies
LPGA Golfer
Laura Davies
  • 1992 El Al cargo plane crashes at Amsterdam Bijlmer, 43 die
  • 1992 Miami Dolphin Louis Oliver returns record tying interception 103 yards
  • 1992 The Rome General Peace Accords ends a 16 year civil war in Mozambique.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Troops of President Boris Yeltsin occupy Russian White House (parliament)

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin
  • 1994 7.9 earthquake strikes Koerilen, flood kills 18+

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 Keith Moore is charged with stealing $5,000,000 from Sting

Singer and Actor Sting
Singer and Actor
Sting
  • 1994 Soyuz TM-20 launches
  • 1995 29th Country Music Association Award: Krauss Jackson win
  • 1995 Jim Leyritz homers with a man on in 15th inning to give Yankees 2-0 Division Series lead over Mariners
  • 1996 BPAA US Bowling Open by Dave Husted
  • 1996 BPAA US Women's Bowling Open won by Liz Johnson
  • 1996 Pakistan all-rounder Shahid Afridi breaks record for fastest hundred in one-day cricket history; in first ODI innings, Afridi savages Sri Lanka for 102 in KCA Centenary Tournament match in Nairobi; reaches 100 in 37 balls
  • 1996 Left wing Mike Donnelly becomes first player in NHL history to play for all 3 New York teams (Sabres, Rangers & Islanders) when he suits up for the NY Islanders in a 1-0 loss in Los Angeles
  • 1997 Farm Aid 10 concert in Texas cancelled due to weak ticket sales and moved to Illinois
  • 1997 Second largest cash robbery in U.S. history occurs at the Charlotte, North Carolina office of Loomis, Fargo and Company with $17.3 million in cash taken
  • 1998 Australian wicketkeeper Ian Healy overtakes countryman Rod Marsh's world record of 355 Test cricket dismissals during 1st Test win v Pakistan in Rawalpindi; catches Wasim Akram off Colin Miller to reach milestone
  • 1998 Australian motorcycle racer Mick Doohan wins the Australian Grand Prix at Phillip Island to clinch his 5th world 500cc championship; all 5 titles are won with Honda

Music releaseMusic Single

1999 "Breathe" single released by Faith Hill (Billboard Song of the Year 2000)

Country Singer Faith Hill
Country Singer
Faith Hill
  • 1999 Rain prevents play on the final day of the 3rd cricket Test between Sri Lanka and Australia in Colombo; despite 105 from Ricky Ponting, Sri Lanka wins first ever Test series v Australia
  • 2000 34th Country Music Association Award: Dixie Chicks, Faith Hill & Tim McGraw wins
  • 2001 Siberia Airlines Flight 1812: a Sibir Airlines Tupolev TU-154 crashes into the Black Sea after being struck by an errant Ukrainian S-200 missile. 78 people are killed.

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

2001 SF Giants slugger Barry Bonds hits his 70th home run in 10-2 win v Houston; ties Mark McGwire for the most MLB home runs in a single season

MLB Legend Barry Bonds
MLB Legend
Barry Bonds
  • 2001 Brendan Shanahan scores a hat trick in Red Wings 4-3 OT win at San Jose; becomes second player in NHL history to score an opening-night hat trick twice in his career

Hall of fameHall of Fame

2001 Boston Bruins retire future Hockey Hall of Fame defenceman Ray Bourque's #77 jersey in the NHL season opener at Boston Garden; beat visiting Mighty Ducks of Anaheim, 4-2

NHL Legend Ray Bourque
NHL Legend
Ray Bourque
  • 2003 Maxim restaurant suicide bombing in Haifa, Israel: 21 Israelis, Jews and Arabs, are killed, and 51 others wounded.
  • 2003 Red Raiders' quarterback B.J. Symons sets a Big 12 Conference record with 8 touchdown passes, leading Texas Tech to a convincing 59-28 win over Texas A & M
  • 2003 Trainer Bobby Frankel saddles Sightseek to victory in the Beldame Stakes at Belmont Park; Frankel's 23rd Grade I stakes winner of the year, breaking D. Wayne Lukas' 1987 record of 22
  • 2003 Jockey Jerry Bailey surpasses his own single season record for North American purse earnings ($19,271,814) set in 2002; wins aboard Sightseek in Beldame Stakes & Birdstone in Champagne Stakes at Belmont Park
  • 2004 SpaceShipOne wins Ansari X Prize for private spaceflight
  • 2005 "All the Right Reasons", fifth studio album by Nickelback, is released

CommunicationHistoric Communication

2006 WikiLeaks is launched, created by internet activist Julian Assange

Wikileaks founder Julian Assange
Wikileaks founder
Julian Assange
  • 2008 On This Day (then HistoryOrb.com) receives its first major overhaul and redesign
  • 2009 George Papandreou's Panhellenic Socialist Movement defeats Greece's governing New Democracy party in an electoral landslide.
  • 2010 Ryder Cup Golf, Celtic Manor Resort, Wales: Europe wins 14½-13½; with scores level Irishman Graeme McDowell holds nerve to beat Hunter Mahan 3 & 1

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2011 US State Department lists Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (ISIL) as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist with a $10 million reward for information leading to his capture

Leader of Islamic State Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
Leader of Islamic State
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi