Historical Events on October 5

Events 1 - 200 of 210

  • 610 Heraclius' fleet takes Constantinople
  • 869 4th Council of Constantinople (8th ecumenical council) opens
  • 1143 King Alfonso VII of Leon recognises Portugal as a Kingdom
  • 1349 Paris theologian Jean de Fayt warns against the Flagellants at Avignon
  • 1430 Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy visits Brussels
  • 1450 Jews are expelled from Lower Bavaria by order of Ludwig IX
  • 1465 French King Louis XI signs peace with Charles the Stout
  • 1511 Eedgenootschap signs anti-French Saint League
  • 1550 Foundation of the city of Concepción, Chile.

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1568 Conference of York begins: trial against Mary Stuart

Queen of Scotland Mary Stuart
Queen of Scotland
Mary Stuart
  • 1568 William of Orange's army occupies Brabant
  • 1572 Spanish army under Alva's son Don Frederik plunders Mechelen
  • 1582 Gregorian calendar introduced in Italy and other Catholic countries
  • 1632 Henry Casimir I appointed viceroy of Groningen
  • 1665 The University of Kiel is founded.
  • 1693 Haarlem people's revolution due to food shortages

  • 1750 Carlo Goldoni's "Il Teatro Comico" premieres in Venice
  • 1762 Opera "Orfeo Ed Euridice" by Christoph Willibald Gluck is first produced in Vienna in front of Empress Maria Theresa.

FranceWomen's March on Versailles

1789 French Revolution: Women of Paris march to Versailles in the March on Versailles to confront Louis XVI about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism, demand bread, and have the King and his court moved to Paris
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  • 1793 French Revolution: Christianity is disestablished in France.
  • 1796 Spain declares war on England
  • 1813 Battle of Thames in Canada; Americans defeat British

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1823 Carl Maria von Weber visits Ludwig van Beethoven

  • 1830 King Willem I mobilizes Dutch army
  • 1857 The City of Anaheim is founded
  • 1862 Battle of Hatchie Bridge, Tennessee; confederate forces avoid capture by Union army
  • 1862 Federal fleet occupies Galveston, Texas
  • 1863 Confederate sub David damages Union ship Ironsides
  • 1864 Battle of Allatoona, 1/3 of Union troops die repulsing South
  • 1864 Most of Calcutta destroyed by cyclone, approx 60,000 die
  • 1867 Last day of Julian calendar in Alaska
  • 1869 A strong hurricane known as the Saxby Gale devastates the Bay of Fundy region in Maritime Canada. Incredibly British naval officer Stephen Martin Saxby predicted the storm 10 months earlier in December 1868 via astronomy.
  • 1875 Palace Hotel on Market Street opens in San Francisco
  • 1877 Chief Joseph surrenders, ending Nez Perce War
  • 1887 1st US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia Cricket Club: Ellen Hansell beats Laura Knight 6-1, 6-0
  • 1892 Dalton Gang ends in shoot-out in Coffeville, Kansas bank holdup
  • 1895 First UK individual cycling time trial is held on a 50-mile course north of London; Frederick Thomas Bidlake organiser
  • 1896 William Gillette's "Secret Service" premieres in NYC
  • 1897 Swedish explorer Solomon August Andrée expedition to the North Pole reaches White Island
  • 1900 US Open Men's Golf, Chicago GC: Harry Vardon of Jersey wins his only US title; beats Englishman J.H. Taylor by 2 strokes
  • 1903 Sir Samuel Griffith is appointed the first Chief Justice of Australia and Sir Edmund Barton and Richard O'Connor are appointed as foundation justices.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Orville and Wilbur Wright's "Flyer III" flight 38.5 km in 38.3"

Aviator Wilbur Wright
Aviator
Wilbur Wright
  • 1907 Canadian Interprovincial Rugby Football Union (IRFU) plays first game; Montreal beats Toronto, 17-8 in Montreal
  • 1908 Bulgaria declares independence from Turkey, Ferdinand I becomes Tsar
  • 1908 Chicago White Sox pitcher Ed Walsh beats Detroit Tigers, 6-1, his 40th victory of the MLB season; forces AL pennant race to the final day
  • 1910 Portugal overthrows monarchy, proclaims republic
  • 1911 Italian troops occupy Tripoli
  • 1912 Boston Red Sox beat Philadelphia Athletics, 3 - 0 for their 105th win of the MLB season, an AL record until 1927 Yankees 110
  • 1912 NY Highlanders last game at Hilltop stadium; beat Washington, 8-6; Brooklyn Dodgers last game at Washington Park; lose 1-0 v NY Giants
  • 1914 World War I first aerial combat resulting in a kill
  • 1915 Bulgaria enters World War I as one of the Central Powers.
  • 1915 Allies land troops at the northern Greek city of Salonika; Greece is nominally neutral but allows the landing

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1915 Detroit Tigers speedster Ty Cobb steals his 96th base of the season in 5-0 loss to Cleveland Indians; stands as MLB record until 1962 (Maury Wills, 104)

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb

BattleBattle of Interest

1916 Adolf Hitler is wounded in the left thigh by an exploding shell during the Battle of the Somme

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1919 Norwegian population agrees to prohibition
  • 1921 First Baseball World Series radio broadcast; all-NY contest, Yanks beat Giants, 3-0 at Polo Grounds; sportswriter Grantland Rice is the caller
  • 1921 Present constitution of Liechtenstein comes into effect
  • 1922 NY Yankees and Giants play out a controversial 3-3 tie in 10 innings in Game 2 of Baseball World Series at Polo Grounds, Manhattan, NY; Giants win series, 4-0-1

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Edwin Hubble identifies Cepheid variable star

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble
  • 1924 1st Little Orphan Annie-strip appears in NYC Daily News
  • 1925 WSM-AM in Nashville Tenn begins radio transmissions
  • 1925 The Lacarno Conference meets: Germany agrees to recognise their frontiers with France and Belgium and will apply for membership in the League of Nations
  • 1930 British airship crashes in storm at Beauvais, France, 48 die
  • 1930 Homecoming of the bodies of Swedish polar balloon expedition (1897) led by Salomon August Andrée
  • 1931 1st nonstop transpacific flight, Japan to Wash (Herndon & Pangborn)
  • 1931 Paul Green's "House of Connelly" premieres in NYC
  • 1932 With new ownership Detroit Falcons officially change name to Detroit Red Wings, and the Winged Wheel is introduced; previous names Cougars (1926-30), Falcons (1930-32)
  • 1936 The Jarrow March sets off for London.
  • 1937 Dutch Minister Carl Romme says unemployment is 25% "quarter of Romme"
  • 1941 Brooklyn Dodgers catcher Mickey Owens drops a 3rd strike and Tom Hendrick reaches 1st safely for Yankees for a famous Baseball World Series error; would have been last out, instead Yankees score 4 and win 7-4; win series, 4-1
  • 1942 5,000 Jews of Dubno, Russia massacred
  • 1942 St Louis Cardinals win club's 4th Baseball World Series; beat NY Yankees, 4-2 in Game 5 at Yankee Stadium for 4-1 series victory
  • 1942 Budy Massacre at Auschwitz sub-camp, 90 French-Jewish women beaten to death by prison guards
  • 1943 US air raid on Wake, Japanese execute 98 US prisoners in retaliation
  • 1944 Harold Arlen/ET Harburgs musical premieres in NYC
  • 1944 Kerkrade (Neth) liberated
  • 1944 Suffrage is extended to women in France
  • 1945 "Meet the Press" premieres on radio
  • 1945 Indonesian army forms
  • 1945 Queen Wilhelmina visits Rotterdam
  • 1945 Hollywood Black Friday: A six month strike by Hollywood set decorators turns into a bloody riot at the gates of Warner Brothers' studios.
  • 1946 "Yours Is My Heart" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 36 performances
  • 1946 1st Cannes Film Festival ends
  • 1946 Newcastle United equals English Football League record for biggest winning margin in a 13-0 thrashing of Newport in a Division 2 match at St. James' Park; Len Shackleton scores 6, Charlie Wayman 4 for the Toon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Harry Truman makes the 1st Presidential address televised from the White House

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1947 Brooklyn outfielder Al Gionfriddo makes famous catch off Joe DiMaggio in Game 6 of Baseball World Series; Dodgers beat Yankees, 8-6; catch inspires "back-back-back" expression
  • 1949 Sportswriter Robert Ruark first reports golfing great Bobby Jones's rare spinal disease (syringomyelia) would prevent him from playing form of golf again

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 WBNS TV channel 10 in Columbus, OH (CBS) begins broadcasting

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1949 WOR (now WWOR) TV channel 9 in NY-Secaucus, NY (IND) begins
  • 1950 "Pardon Our French" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 100 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Boston Celtics owner Walter Brown & coach Red Auerbach draw lots out of hat for 3 members of defunct Chicago Stags franchise; hit jackpot with future 6-time NBA champion, Bob Cousy

NBA Point Guard Bob Cousy
NBA Point Guard
Bob Cousy
NBA Head Coach Red Auerbach
NBA Head Coach
Red Auerbach
  • 1952 19th congress of Communist Party meets in Moscow
  • 1952 6th NHL All-Star Game, Detroit Olympia: 1st Team ties 2nd Team, 1-1; for 2nd year format had 1st & 2nd All-Star Teams, with additional players, play each other

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Earl Warren sworn in as 14th chief justice of US

Jurist and Governor of California Earl Warren
Jurist and Governor of California
Earl Warren
  • 1953 50th Baseball World Series: NY Yankees beat Brooklyn Dodgers, 4-3 in Game 6 for 4-2 series win; NY 2nd baseman Billy Martin's 12 hits sets WS record; Yankees win record 5th consecutive WS
  • 1953 The first documented recovery meeting of Narcotics Anonymous is held.
  • 1954 Hurricane Hazel forms in the Caribbean, killing 400-1000 people inthe Bahamas and Haiti

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Catcher Yogi Berra becomes 4th NY Yankee to hit a Baseball World Series grand slam in Game 2 at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn; Dodgers win, 13-8 but lose series, 4-3

MLB Catcher and Manager Yogi Berra
MLB Catcher and Manager
Yogi Berra

Film release premierFilm Release

1956 "The Ten Commandments", directed by Cecil B. DeMille, starring Charlton Heston and Yul Brynner opens in the US

Filmmaker and Director Cecil B. DeMille
Filmmaker and Director
Cecil B. DeMille
Actor Charlton Heston
Actor
Charlton Heston
Actor Yul Brynner
Actor
Yul Brynner
  • 1957 11th NHL All-Star Game, Montreal Forum: NY Rangers left wing Dean Prentice scores a goal and has 2 assists as All-Stars beat Montreal Canadiens, 5-3
  • 1957 Ryder Cup Golf, Lindrick GC: Great Britain-Ireland win, 7½-4½; Dai Rees captains home team to first Cup victory since 1933
  • 1957 Yugoslav dissident Milovan Djilos sentenced to 7 years
  • 1958 KRTV TV channel 3 in Great Falls, MT (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1960 British Labour party demands unilateral nuclear disarmament
  • 1960 Eastern AL Electra turbo-prop crashed in Boston Harbor (61 die)
  • 1960 KEYC TV channel 12 in Mankato, MN (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1961 China & Nepal sign treaty

Film release premierFilm Release

1961 "Breakfast at Tiffany's" film released, based on the novella by Truman Capote, directed by Blake Edwards and starring Audrey Hepburn and George Peppard

  • 1962 The Beatles release their first record, "Love Me Do"

Film release premierFilm Premier

1962 "Dr. No", 1st James Bond film based on the novel by Ian Fleming and starring Sean Connery and Ursula Andress, premieres in London

  • 1963 17th NHL All-Star Game, Maple Leaf Gardens: Leafs left wing Frank Mahovlich scores twice with 1 assist as Toronto ties All Stars, 3-3
  • 1963 Hyde St Pier re-opens as State Historical Park
  • 1963 Little Richard joins Everly Brothers Tour
  • 1964 KIXE TV channel 9 in Redding, CA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1964 San Francisco Fire Department Museum dedicated
  • 1965 Chuck Linster performs 6,006 consecutive push-ups
  • 1965 Dick McInnes from Henderson, Kentucky stays aloft almost 12 hours in a kite pulled by a speedboat along the Ohio River
  • 1968 KPLM (now KESQ) TV channel 42 in Palm Springs, CA (ABC) begins
  • 1968 Civil rights march in Derry stopped by the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC)and resulting clashes lead to two days of serious rioting, often considered the start of 'the Troubles' in Northern Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Monty Python's Flying Circus begins airing on BBC TV

Comedian and Actor Michael Palin
Comedian and Actor
Michael Palin
Actor, Comedian John Cleese
Actor, Comedian
John Cleese
  • 1970 John Creach joins Jefferson Airplane
  • 1970 Quebec separatists kidnap British trade commissioner James Cross
  • 1970 PBS becomes a US television network.
  • 1970 MLB Championship Series both end on the same day with same score; (AL) Baltimore Orioles beat Minnesota Twins, 3-0; (NL) Cincinnati Reds down Pittsburgh Pirates, 3-0; Orioles win WS, 4-1
  • 1971 A new sitting of the Northern Ireland parliament at Stormont begins, though the Social Democratic and Labour Party remain absent due to its continuing protest against Internment
  • 1972 Herbert Mullin 1st kills, claiming it was to prevent earthquakes
  • 1973 Signature of the European Patent Convention.

Music releaseAlbum Release

1973 "Goodbye Yellow Brick Road" 7th studio album by Elton John is released

Singer Elton John
Singer
Elton John
  • 1974 Guildford pub bombing by the IRA leaves 5 dead and 65 injured.
  • 1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1975 Austrian Niki Lauda wins the United States Grand Prix at Watkins Glen to claim his first World Formula 1 drivers championship; wins by 19.5 points from Emerson Fittipaldi of Brazil
  • 1976 MLB expansion draft: Seattle Mariners & Toronto Blue Jays pick 30 unprotected AL players; Ruppert Jones OF (Seattle) & Bob Bailor OF (Toronto) are first picks
  • 1977 "Hair" opens at Biltmore Theater NYC for 43 performances
  • 1978 Isaac Bashevis Singer wins the Nobel Prize for literature
  • 1978 Sweden's Fälldin government falls
  • 1978 Over 30 major nations ratify the Environmental Modification Convention which prohibits weather warfare that has widespread, long-lasting or severe effects
  • 1978 "The Boys from Brazil" debuts
  • 1980 Formal opening of meditation hall of Zenshin Temple in Riverdale, the Bronx NYC
  • 1980 Australian Williams driver Alan Jones wins the United States East Grand Prix to claim his first World Formula 1 Drivers title; wins by 13 points from Nelson Piquet of Brazil
  • 1981 Dutch guilder/Deutsche mark revalued up 5.5%
  • 1981 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg becomes an honorary American (posthumously)
  • 1982 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1982 Hernan Siles Zuazo appointed president of Bolivia
  • 1982 Unmanned rocket sled reaches 9,851 kph at White Sands, NM
  • 1982 First regular season NHL game is played in New Jersey (Newark; NJ Devils play a 3-3 tie against Pittsburgh Penguins at Brendan Byrne Arena; Don Lever scores first Devils' goal
  • 1982 Pakistan cricket spin bowler Abdul Qadir takes 7/142 as Australia is dismissed for 330 in 2nd Test in Faisalabad; Greg Ritchie scores maiden Test century (106 no) but home side prevails by an innings & 3 runs

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1983 Lech Wałęsa wins Nobel Peace Prize

Polish Politician and Labor Activist Lech Wałęsa
Polish Politician and Labor Activist
Lech Wałęsa

Sports record brokenNHL Record

1983 Edmonton super star Wayne Gretzky scores a goal and assist in 5-4 win over Toronto in the Oilers season opener; starts NHL record 51-game scoring streak; ends 28/1/84

Ice Hockey Great Wayne Gretzky
Ice Hockey Great
Wayne Gretzky
  • 1983 Panamanian jockey Jorge Velasquez wins his 5,000th career race, riding Banquet Scene to victory in the 4th race at Belmont Park

  • 1984 13th Space Shuttle Mission (41-G)-Challenger 6-launched
  • 1985 Grambling's Eddie Robinson wins record 324th football game
  • 1986 London Sunday Times reports Israel is stocking nuclear arms
  • 1986 Rams running back Eric Dickerson runs for an NFL overtime record 42-yard touchdown as LA defeats Tampa Bay Buccaneers, 26-20 at Anaheim Stadium
  • 1988 Brazil adopts its Constitution

Electoral defeatImportant Vote

1988 Chile votes in a referendum 56-44 against extending Augusto Pinochet's regime by 8 years thus ending the dictator's 16½ years in power

General and Dictator Augusto Pinochet
General and Dictator
Augusto Pinochet
  • 1988 Israel bans Meir Kahane's Kach Party on grounds of racism
  • 1990 Cincinnati jury acquits art gallery of obsentity (Mappelthorpe photos)
  • 1990 "Henry and June" film, based on the book by Anaïs Nin, first film to be given an NC-17 rating in the US, released
  • 1990 Pittsburgh Penguins left wing Kevin Stevens has 2 goals & 4 assists in 7-4 opening-night win against the Washington Capitals at Capital Centre to set NHL record for most points in a season opener (6)
  • 1991 Military transport plane crashes at Jakarta, 133 dies
  • 1991 USSR reduces nuclear weapons arsenal
  • 1991 Fresno State ties NCAA football record with 49 points in a quarter (2nd), as they route New Mexico, 94-17 at Bulldog Stadium, Fresno
  • 1991 The first official version of the Linux kernel, version 0.02, is released.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 1st overturn of a George H. W. Bush veto (cable bill)

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush
  • 1992 NY senator Alphonse D'Amato filibusters for 15 hours 20 mins
  • 1992 US Air goes on strike
  • 1993 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Last honor guard at Lenin's mausoleum

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1994 28th Country Music Association Award: Vince Gill & Pam Tillis wins
  • 1994 52 members of Zonnetempel, murdered

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 NBA shortens the 3-point distance to a uniform 22 feet in attempt to help offensive players score more; Michael Jordan sets career highs in 3-point attempts & converted 3-point field goals, nearly double previous statistics

Basketball Superstar Michael Jordan
Basketball Superstar
Michael Jordan
  • 1995 "Company" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 68 performances
  • 1996 Cleveland Indians strike out 23 Baltimore Orioles in 12 innings in 4-3 ALDS win at Jacobs Field; Orioles win series, 3-1
  • 1996 New York centre fielder Bernie Williams homers from each side of the plate as the Yankees beat Texas, 6-4 to win the AL Division Series, 3 - 1
  • 1997 Federation Cup Women's Tennis, Den Bosch, Netherlands: Sandrine Testud wins both her singles to lead France to 4-1 win over the Netherlands; France's first title
  • 1997 STS 86 (Atlantis 20) lands
  • 1999 The Ladbroke Grove rail crash in west London kills 31 people.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2000 Mass demonstrations in Belgrade lead to resignation of Serbian strongman Slobodan Milošević. These demonstrations are often called the Bulldozer Revolution.

President of Serbia and Yugoslavia Slobodan Milosevic
President of Serbia and Yugoslavia
Slobodan Milosevic
  • 2001 Robert Stevens becomes the first victim in the 2001 anthrax attacks.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2001 Tom Ridge resigns as Governor of Pennsylvania to become President George W. Bush's Homeland Security Advisor

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

2001 Barry Bonds hits his 71st and 72nd home runs in 11-10 loss v LA Dodgers at Pacific Bell Park; breaks Mark McGwire's MLB single season HR record

MLB Legend Barry Bonds
MLB Legend
Barry Bonds
  • 2001 MLB's Atlanta Braves become first pro sports team to win 10 straight division titles after mauling the Marlins, 20-3 to clinch the NL East title; NBA's Boston Celtics (1957-65) & LA Lakers (1982-90) both won 9 in a row
  • 2002 For the first time in its 42-year old history, the Anaheim Angels win a post-season series by beating the Yankees, 9-5 to take the ALDS, 3-1
  • 2003 Kansas City wide receiver Dante Hall scores on game winning 93-yard punt return in Chiefs 24-23 victory v Denver Broncos at Arrowhead Stadium; returns for score in an NFL-record 4th straight game
  • 2003 Chicago Cubs win their first MLB postseason series since the 1908 World Series with 5-1 win v Atlanta Braves in Game 5 NLDS at Turner Field
  • 2004 7-time All-Star and 6-time World Champion forward Scottie Pippen announces his retirement from the NBA and the Chicago Bulls

Book releaseHistoric Publication

2005 Vampire novel "Twilight" by Stephenie Meyer is first published by Little Brown

  • 2005 NHL opens regular season after 10-month lockout of entire 2004-05 season; Ottawa's Daniel Alfredsson & Dany Heatley first players to score winning goals in a shoot out in NHL history; both score v Toronto goalie Ed Belfour in 3-2 OT victory
  • 2005 NHL great Wayne Gretzky makes his coaching debut for the Phoenix Coyotes in 3-2 loss to the Vancouver Canucks at Rogers Arena

Film release premierFilm Release

2007 "Michael Clayton", starring George Clooney, Tom Wilkinson, and Tilda Swinton, is released

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2007 After years of angry denials, triple gold medal winning American sprinter Marion Jones admits she used steroids 2000-01; pleads guilty to lying to federal investigators; announces retirement in tearful apology; medals returned to USOC

Track and Field Athlete/Drug Cheat Marion Jones
Track and Field Athlete/Drug Cheat
Marion Jones
  • 2009 Australia wins cricket's Champions Trophy at Centurion Park in Gauteng, South Africa by 6 wickets (28 balls remaining) v New Zealand; chasing 200, Shane Watson is 105 not out in Australia's 206/4
  • 2010 Injured Indian cricket batsman VVS Laxman is the hero with 73 not out as the home team chases down 216 to beat Australia with just 1 wicket to spare in the 1st Test at Mohali
  • 2012 Anglo Platinum Limited fires 12,000 striking workers in South Africa
  • 2013 In an all-Russian boxing contest, Wladimir Klitschko beats Alexander Povetkin in 12 round unanimous points decision in Moscow to retain his WBA, WBO, IBF, IBO heavyweight titles
  • 2013 New Zealand beats South Africa, 38-27 in Johannesburg to retain the Rugby Championship with an undefeated record; All Black flanker Liam Messam crosses for 2 tries

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014 Russell Crowe owned South Sydney Rabbitohs beat Canterbury Bulldogs, 30-6 to break 43 year drought and win National Rugby League (Australia) Premiership

  • 2014 French driver Jules Bianchi collides with recovery vehicle during Japanese Grand Prix, dies 2 days later; first F1 death due to racing accident in 21 years (Ayrton Senna 1994)