On This Day

Historical Events on October 6

  • 105 BC Battle of Arausio: The Cimbri inflict the heaviest defeat on the Roman army of Gnaeus Mallius Maximus.
  • 68 BC Battle of Artaxata: Lucullus averts the bad omen of this day by defeating Tigranes the Great of Armenia.
  • 891 Formosus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1111 Boudouin VII becomes earl of Flanders
  • 1499 French King Louis XII occupies Milan
  • 1567 Duke of Alva becomes land guardian of Netherlands
  • 1683 13 Mennonite families from Germany found Germantown, Philadelphia
  • 1689 Pietro Ottoboni replaces Pope Innocent XI as Alexander VIII
  • 1762 British troops occupy Manila, Philippines
  • 1783 Benjamin Hanks patents self-winding clock

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 French Revolution: Louis XVI returns to Paris from Versailles after being confronted by the Parisian women on 5 October

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • 1799 Battle of Castricum: Franco-Dutch army beats British-Russian army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1811 French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte visits Utrecht

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1849 The execution of the 13 Martyrs of Arad after the Hungarian war of independence.
  • 1853 4th National Women's Rights Convention opens in Cleveland Ohio
  • 1854 The Great Fire of Newcastle and Gateshead started shortly after midnight, leading to 53 deaths and hundreds injured.

  • 1857 First American Chess Congress hosted by the American Chess Association
  • 1861 Naval Engagement at Charleston, South Carolina, USS Flag vs BR Alert
  • 1861 Revolt of Russian student shuts down university of Petersburg
  • 1863 Battle at Baxter Springs, Kansas
  • 1863 Dr Charles H Sheppard opens 1st public bath, in Brooklyn
  • 1866 1st train robbery in US (Reno Brothers take $13,000)
  • 1869 Johannes Brahms' "Liebeslieder Walzer" premieres
  • 1871 Fisk Jubilee Singers begin 1st national tour
  • 1876 American Library Association organized in Philadelphia
  • 1882 1st World Series game, Cincinnati (AA) beats Chicago (NL) 4-0
  • 1884 Naval War College forms in Newport, Rhode Island
  • 1889 Moulin Rogue opens in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1889 Thomas Edison shows his 1st motion picture

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • 1890 General Conference of the Mormon Church outlaws polygamy
  • 1893 Nabisco Foods invents Cream of Wheat

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 Filipino nationalist Jose Rizal is arrested en route to Cuba via Spain and imprisoned in Barcelona

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal
  • 1898 Gustav Mahler conducts 1st Wiener Philharmonic
  • 1898 Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia Fraternity founded at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1900 Britain annexes Orange Free State (as Orange River Colony)
  • 1903 The High Court of Australia sits for the first time.

  • 1906 The Majlis of Iran convened for the first time.
  • 1908 Austria annexes Bosnia & Herzegovina
  • 1908 Tigers beat White Sox, 7-0 to win AL pennant
  • 1908 Yanks lose 100th game of year go 51-103 for season
  • 1910 Braves beat Phillies 20-7
  • 1911 Beatrix van Rijk becomes 1st licensed Dutch woman pilot

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Cy Young's farewell appearance in a major league game is a letdown as he loses to Brooklyn 13-3 in a Braves uniform in his 906th game

MLB Pitcher Cy Young
MLB Pitcher
Cy Young
  • 1912 Pirates Owen "Chief" Wilson hits record 36th triple of season
  • 1914 The Russians fall back along the Eastern Front in Poland and Galicia
  • 1917 Battle of Passchendaele: Canadian troops capture the village of Passchendaele in the Third Battle of Ypres, after 250,000 casualties on both sides
  • 1918 US ship Otranto sinks between Scotland & Ireland, 425 die
  • 1919 Stambuliski becomes premier of Bulgaria
  • 1919 White Sox catcher Ray Schalk is 2nd man ejected from a World Series
  • 1920 1st brothers oppose each other in World Series, Cleve's Wheeler Johnston pinch-hits as brother Jimmy plays 3rd base for Bkln
  • 1921 Century Theater opens at 7th Ave & 59th St NYC (demolished 1962)
  • 1921 Fewest hits in World Series Game, 5, Yanks (3) beat Giants (2), 3-0
  • 1921 International PEN is founded in London.
  • 1922 The great powers of the first world war withdraw from Istanbul
  • 1923 1st NL unassisted triple play (Ernie Padgett, Braves against Phillies)
  • 1923 US Lt Al Williams fly 392.2 KPH (record)
  • 1923 USSR adopts experimental calendar
  • 1925 Greek premier Papanastasiou orders gen Pangulos arrested

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1926 Babe Ruth hits 3 HRs in a World Series game, Yanks beat Cards 10-5

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • 1927 "The Jazz Singer", directed by Alan Crosland, starring Al Jolson and May McAvoy, released, 1st film with a soundtrack (Honorary Academy Award 1928)

Sport awardPGA Championship

1928 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Five Farms CC: Leo Diegel dominates Al Espinosa, 6 & 5 in the final to win the first of his 2 consecutive titles

Golfer and Two-Time PGA Champion Leo Diegel
Golfer and Two-Time PGA Champion
Leo Diegel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Josip Broz (Tito) sentenced to 5 years in jail

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • 1931 Js Van Severen forms Verdinaso (Union of Flemish National Solidarists)
  • 1935 Italian army occupies Adua Abyssinia
  • 1935 Market Street Railway, San Francisco, starts using trackless trolley coaches
  • 1936 NY Yankees beat Giants 4 games to 2 in 33rd World Series
  • 1938 Yanks Lefty Gomez sets record of 6 World Series wins without a loss

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Adolf Hitler denies he intends to go to war against France & Britain

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1939 Adolf Hitler announces plans to regulate Jewish problem
  • 1939 Last Polish army is defeated in World War II.
  • 1940 Zoological Gardens opens on Sloat & Skyline in San Francisco
  • 1941 German army occupies Briansk, USSR
  • 1941 NY Yankees beat Dodgers 4 games to 1, in 38th World Series
  • 1942 Allied assault on oil installations of Bula Ceram
  • 1943 Battle at Vella Lavella, Solomon Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Himmler wants acceleration of "Final Solution"

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1944 Allied aircraft accidentally bomb Fishing, Overijssel
  • 1944 Canadians free Austria
  • 1944 Royal Dutch Navy submarine Zwaardvis (Swordfish) sinks German submarine U168 in the Java Sea
  • 1944 Soviets march into Hungary & Czechoslovakia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 US General Eisenhower welcomed in The Hague (on Hitler's train)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1945 Memorial for executed unveiled in Terbregge
  • 1945 Tavern owner "Billy Goat" Sianis buys seat for his goat for Game 4 of Baseball World Series, is escorted out and casts goat curse on Chicago Cubs
  • 1946 90°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Oct
  • 1946 US President Harry Truman questions Great Britain Jews about Palestine
  • 1947 NY Yankees beat Dodgers 4 games to 3, in 44th World Series
  • 1948 "Polonaise" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 113 performances
  • 1948 KHJ TV channel 9 in Los Angeles, CA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1948 The 1948 Ashgabat earthquake kills 100,000 in the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey finds the first partial fossil skull of Proconsul africanus, an ancestor of apes and humans on Rusinga Island, Kenya

Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey
Mary Leakey
  • 1949 Iva Toguri D'Aquino (Tokyo Rose) sentenced to 10 years & $10,000 fine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 US President Harry Truman signs Mutual Defense Assistance Act (for NATO)

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Joseph Stalin proclaims the Soviet Union has the atomic bomb

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1952 Agatha Christie's play "The Mousetrap" opens in London (still running)

Novelist Agatha Christie
Agatha Christie
  • 1953 WTVM TV channel 9 in Columbus, GA (ABC) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Dmitri Shostakovich's 6th Iron quartet premieres in Leningrad

  • 1956 Dr Albert Sabin discovers oral polio vaccine
  • 1957 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1958 US nuclear sub USS Seawolf remains a record 60 days under the north pole
  • 1959 Single game World Series attendence record set (92,706 in LA)
  • 1959 Soviet Luna 3, 1st successful photographic spacecraft, impacts Moon
  • 1959 Chicago White Sox beat LA Dodgers, 1-0 in Game 5 of Baseball World Series at LA Memorial Coliseum; World Series record attendance 92,706

Film release premierFilm Premier

1960 "Spartacus", directed by Stanley Kubrick and starring Kirk Douglas and Laurence Olivier, premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 JFK advises Americans to build fallout shelters

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear tests at Kapustin Yar & Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 16th NHL All-Star Game, Maple Leaf Garden, Toronto, ON: Toronto Maple Leafs beat All-Stars, 4-1; MVP: Eddie Shack, Toronto, LW
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

Appears on tv showTV Show Appearance

1963 Barbra Streisand appears on "Judy Garland Show"

Singer-Songwriter and Actress Barbra Streisand
Singer-Songwriter and Actress
Barbra Streisand
Actress Judy Garland
Judy Garland
  • 1963 LA Dodgers sweep NY Yankees, in 60th World Series
  • 1964 "Cambridge Circus" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 23 performances
  • 1965 Supremes release "I Hear a Symphony"
  • 1965 William Goodhart's "Generation" premieres in NYC
  • 1966 Oriole Jim Palmer, 20, is youngest to pitch a World Series shutout
  • 1966 Partial meltdown at Detroits's Fermi 1 nuclear reactor
  • 1966 LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) is first declared illegal in state of California, other states follow.
  • 1967 Haight-Ashbury (San Francisco) hippies throw a funeral for "Hippie" to mark end of "the summer of love".
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1969 WMPB TV channel 67 in Baltimore, MD (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1969 MLB National League Championship: New York Mets sweep Atlanta Braves, 3 games to 0
  • 1969 MLB American League Championship: Baltimore Orioles beat Minnesota Twins, 3 games to 0
  • 1971 MLB National League Championship: Pittsburgh Pirates beat San Francisco Giants, 3 games to 1

  • 1972 22-car train carrying 2,000 pilgrims derails, kills 208 in Mexico
  • 1972 Taoiseach (Irish Prime Minister) Jack Lynch closes the Sinn Féin office in Dublin
  • 1973 Yom Kippur War begins as Syria & Egypt attack Israel
  • 1974 "Mack & Mabel" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 66 performances
  • 1974 Brazilian McLaren driver Emerson Fittipaldi finishes 4th in the US Grand Prix at Watkins Glen to win his second Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by 3 points from Clay Ragazzoni
  • 1976 "Gang of Four" arrested in Beijing
  • 1976 John Hathaway completes 50,600 mile bicycle tour of every continent

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 US President Gerald Ford says there is "no Soviet domination in Eastern Europe"

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1976 Cubana Flight 455 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean after two bombs, placed by terrorists with connections to the CIA, explode onboard shortly after taking off from Bridgetown, Barbados, killing all 73 people on board
  • 1977 DL Coburns "Gin Game" premieres in NYC
  • 1977 Yankees win AL pennant by rallying for 3 runs in 9th to beat KC Royals 5-3 in 5th & deciding playoff game
  • 1977 In Alicante, Spain, fascists attack a group of MCPV militants and sympathizers, and one MCPV sympathizer is killed.
  • 1978 Hannah H Gray inaugurated as 1st female head of a US university (Chicago)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Iraq declares Ayatollah Khomeini an undesirable person

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Mick Jagger apologizes for racist lyrics in "Some Girls"

Rock Star Mick Jagger
Rock Star
Mick Jagger

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1978 Royals' George Brett hits 3 HRs, Yanks win championship game 3, 6-5

MLB Third Baseman George Brett
MLB Third Baseman
George Brett
  • 1978 "Midnight Express" film premieres directed by Alan Parker starring Brad Davis, Randy Quaid and John Hurt

Film release premierFilm Premier

1978 Terrence Malick's "Days of Heaven" film premieres starring Richard Gere

  • 1979 Harry Drake set long distance footbow shot record of 2,006 yds 1'9"

BeatificationPapal Visit

1979 Pope John Paul II is 1st Pope to visit White House in Washington, D.C.

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1979 MLB American League Championship: Baltimore Orioles beat California Angels, 3 games to 1
  • 1980 Guyana adopts constitution

Music ConcertSex Pistols' Break Up

1980 John Lydon (aka Johnny Rotten of the Sex Pistols) sentenced to 3 months imprisonment on assault charges
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Sex Pistols bassist Sid Vicious on stage during the band's last show at Winterland in San Francisco, January 14, 1978
Sex Pistols bassist Sid Vicious on stage during the band's last show at Winterland in San Francisco, January 14, 1978
  • 1982 Auburn's Al Del Greco kicks 6 field goals
  • 1982 Fokker Fellowship crashes at Moerdijk Neth, 17-22 die
  • 1983 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC

Sports record brokenNHL Record

1983 Islander's Mike Bossy's 25th career hat trick

Ice Hockey Great Mike Bossy
Ice Hockey Great
Mike Bossy
  • 1983 NY Jets announce they are leaving Shea for Meadowlands
  • 1983 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1985 Marita Koch of E Germany sets 400m woman's record (47.6) in Australia

  • 1985 Yankee Phil Niekro becomes 18th pitcher to win 300 games & also at 46 becomes oldest to pitch a shut-out beating Toronto 8-0
  • 1985 PC Keith Blakelock is murdered as riots erupt in the Broadwater Farm estate in Tottenham, north London.
  • 1985 French McLaren driver Alain Prost clinches his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship with a 4th placing in the European Grand Prix at Brands Hatch
  • 1986 Russian nuclear sub K291 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • 1987 Military coup leader Maj-Gen Sitiveni Rabuka declares Fiji a republic

Music releaseMusic Single

1987 "Faith" single released by George Michael (Billboard Song of the Year 1988)

Pop Superstar George Michael
Pop Superstar
George Michael
  • 1988 Oakland A's sweep Boston Red Sox in 4 games for AL pennant
  • 1990 US 67th manned space mission STS 41 (Discovery 11) launches into orbit
  • 1990 Solar Polar Orbiter 'Ulysses' launched
  • 1991 NY Met David Cone ties NL record by striking out 19 Phillies
  • 1991 Orioles' last game at Baltimore's Memorial Stadium (vs Det Tigers)
  • 1993 Sydney Australia Stock Market index above 2000, for 1st time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 After 9 seasons & 3 Championships with the Chicago Bulls, Michael Jordan announces his retirement from the NBA; returns on March 18, 1995 and leads Bulls to another 3 NBA titles

Basketball Superstar Michael Jordan
Basketball Superstar
Michael Jordan
  • 1994 -9] European Campaign against Racism confers in Austria
  • 1994 Ben Mokoena becomes 1st black mayor of Middelburg, South Africa
  • 1995 BPAA US Women's Open won by Cheryl Daniels
  • 1995 Colorodo Avalanche (former Que Nordiques) 1st NHL game, beat Detroit
  • 1995 51 Pegasi discovered as the first major star, apart from the Sun, to have a planet orbiting around it

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996 Bob Dole and President Bill Clinton meet in their 1st debate

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1996 Lois & Clark (fictional characters) wed
  • 1996 NY Jet Nick Lowrey ties Jan Stenerud with 373 NFL field goals
  • 2000 Yugoslav president Slobodan Milošević resigns.
  • 2000 Swedish comedy drama "Songs from the Second Floor" written and directed by Roy Andersson is released in Sweden
  • 2002 The French oil tanker Limburg is bombed off Yemen.
  • 2002 Opus Dei founder Josemaría Escrivá is canonized.
  • 2007 Jason Lewis completes the first human-powered circumnavigation of the globe.
  • 2008 MESSENGER spacecraft performs a second Mercury flyby
  • 2010 Phillies ace Roy Halladay pitches only the 2nd no-hitter in MLB postseason history in Game 1 NLDS, 4-0 v Cincinnati Reds
  • 2010 Kevin Systrom and Mike Krieger launch Instagram

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2012 Paolo Gabriele, Pope Benedict XVI's butler, is found guilty of leaking confidential documents and is sentenced to 18 months imprisonment

265th Pope Benedict XVI
265th Pope
Benedict XVI

  • 2012 The Leeds Rhinos defeat the Warrington Wolves 26-18 to win the 2012 Super League grand final
  • 2012 New Zealand wins inaugural Rugby Championship with a 32-16 win over South Africa in Johannesburg; undefeated All Blacks score 4 tries to 1 with Dan Carter booting 3 conversions, a penalty & dropped goal
  • 2013 53 people are killed in political clashes in Egypt
  • 2014 John O'Keefe, May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser win the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 2015 Nobel prize for Physics awarded to Takaaki Kajita (Japan) and Arthur McDonald (Canada) for work on neutrinos
  • 2017 British writer Kazuo Ishiguro is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature
  • 2017 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN)
  • 2017 Storm Nate kills at least 22 people passing through Costa Rica, Nicaragua and Honduras
  • 2017 Vegas Golden Knights win first ever NHL game 2-1 away to the Dallas Stars
  • 2018 Australia records the biggest comeback in Rugby Championship history in beating Argentina 45-34 in Salta; Wallabies trial 31-7 at halftime but score 5 second half tries to none to overwhelm Pumas
  • 2018 Brett Kavanaugh is confirmed and sworn onto the US Supreme Court amid protests and after an FBI investigation
  • 2018 Khabib Nurmagomedov of Dagestan beats Irishman Conor McGregor by 4th round submission in UFC lightweight title fight in Las Vegas; instantly marred by ugly post-fight brawling incident; belt withheld pending investigation
  • 2018 Oil tanker collision with a car leaves at least 50 people dead and one hundred with serious burns near Kisantu, Democratic Republic of Congo
  • 2018 New Zealand claims 6th overall, and 3rd straight Rugby Championship with 32-20 win over South Africa in Pretoria; All Blacks outscore Springboks 4 tries to 3
  • 2019 99 Iraqis have died and 4,000 injured in protests over 5 days against living conditions, unemployment and corruption according to human rights group
  • 2019 Tens of thousands of Hong Kong protesters march in defiance of a new ban on face masks