On This Day

Historical Events on October 6

  • 105 BC Battle of Arausio: The Cimbri inflict the heaviest defeat on the Roman army of Gnaeus Mallius Maximus.
  • 68 BC Battle of Artaxata: Lucullus averts the bad omen of this day by defeating Tigranes the Great of Armenia.
  • 891 Formosus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1111 Boudouin VII becomes earl of Flanders

Historic Event

1499 French King Louis XII occupies Milan

  • 1567 Duke of Alva becomes land guardian of Netherlands
  • 1683 13 Mennonite families from Germany found Germantown, Philadelphia
  • 1689 Pietro Ottoboni replaces Pope Innocent XI as Alexander VIII
  • 1762 British troops occupy Manila, Philippines
  • 1783 Benjamin Hanks patents self-winding clock

French Revolution

1789 French Revolution: Louis XVI returns to Paris from Versailles after being confronted by the Parisian women on 5 October

  • 1799 Battle of Castricum: Franco-Dutch army beats British-Russian army

Historic Event

1811 French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte visits Utrecht

  • 1849 The execution of the 13 Martyrs of Arad after the Hungarian war of independence.
  • 1853 4th National Women's Rights Convention opens in Cleveland Ohio
  • 1854 The Great Fire of Newcastle and Gateshead started shortly after midnight, leading to 53 deaths and hundreds injured.

Sports History

1857 First American Chess Congress hosted by the American Chess Association in NYC, NY; won by Paul Morphy 10 November

  • 1861 Naval Engagement at Charleston, South Carolina, USS Flag vs BR Alert
  • 1861 Revolt of Russian student shuts down university of Petersburg
  • 1863 Battle at Baxter Springs, Kansas
  • 1863 Dr Charles H Sheppard opens 1st public bath, in Brooklyn
  • 1866 1st train robbery in US (Reno Brothers take $13,000)

Music History

1869 Johannes Brahms' "Liebeslieder Walzer" premieres

  • 1871 Fisk Jubilee Singers begin 1st national tour
  • 1876 American Library Association organized in Philadelphia
  • 1882 1st World Series Baseball Game 1: Cincinnati Red Stockings (AA) beat Chicago White Stockings (NL), 4-0 at Bank Street Grounds, Cincinnati
  • 1884 Naval War College forms in Newport, Rhode Island
  • 1889 Moulin Rogue opens in Paris

Historic Event

1889 Thomas Edison shows his 1st motion picture

  • 1890 General Conference of the Latter-day Saints outlaws polygamy
  • 1893 Nabisco Foods invents Cream of Wheat

Historic Event

1896 Filipino nationalist Jose Rizal is arrested en route to Cuba via Spain and imprisoned in Barcelona

  • 1898 Gustav Mahler conducts 1st Wiener Philharmonic concert
  • 1898 Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia Fraternity founded at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 1900 Britain annexes Orange Free State (as Orange River Colony)
  • 1903 The High Court of Australia sits for the first time.
  • 1906 The Majlis of Iran convened for the first time.
  • 1908 Austria annexes Bosnia & Herzegovina
  • 1908 Tigers beat White Sox, 7-0 to win AL pennant
  • 1908 Yanks lose 100th game of year go 51-103 for season
  • 1910 Braves beat Phillies 20-7
  • 1911 Beatrix van Rijk becomes 1st licensed Dutch woman pilot

Sports History

1911 Boston Rustlers' future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young's MLB farewell appearance is a letdown; loses 13-3 to Brooklyn Dodgers in his 906th game

  • 1912 Pirates Owen "Chief" Wilson hits record 36th triple of season
  • 1914 The Russians fall back along the Eastern Front in Poland and Galicia
  • 1917 Battle of Passchendaele: Canadian troops capture the village of Passchendaele in the Third Battle of Ypres, after 250,000 casualties on both sides
  • 1918 US ship Otranto sinks between Scotland & Ireland, 425 die
  • 1919 Stambuliski becomes premier of Bulgaria
  • 1919 Chicago White Sox catcher Ray Schalk is 2nd man ejected from a Baseball World Series in Game 5 vs Cincinnati Reds; angered when pitchers Eddie Cicotte & Lefty Williams refuse to follow his signals during 5-0 loss
  • 1920 1st brothers oppose each other in World Series, Cleve's Wheeler Johnston pinch-hits as brother Jimmy plays 3rd base for Bkln
  • 1921 Century Theater opens at 7th Ave & 59th St NYC (demolished 1962)
  • 1921 Fewest hits in a Baseball World Series game; NY Yankees beat NY Giants 3-0 at Polo Grounds in Game 2, on 3 hits to Giants 2
  • 1921 International PEN is founded in London.
  • 1922 The great powers of the first world war withdraw from Istanbul
  • 1923 1st NL unassisted triple play (Ernie Padgett, Braves against Phillies)
  • 1923 US Lt Al Williams fly 392.2 KPH (record)
  • 1923 USSR adopts experimental calendar
  • 1925 Greek premier Papanastasiou orders gen Pangulos arrested

Baseball Record

1926 Babe Ruth becomes first MLB player to hit 3 home runs in a World Series game as NY Yankees beat St. Louis Cardinals, 10-5 in Game 4 at Sportsman's Park, St. Louis

Jazz Singer Sounds Death Knell for Silent Movies

1927 "The Jazz Singer", directed by Alan Crosland, starring Al Jolson and May McAvoy, released, 1st film with a soundtrack (Honorary Academy Award 1928)

PGA Championship

1928 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Five Farms CC: Leo Diegel dominates Al Espinosa, 6 & 5 in the final to win the first of his 2 consecutive titles

  • 1931 Joris van Severen forms Verdinaso (Union of Flemish National Solidarists)
  • 1935 Italian army occupies Adua Abyssinia
  • 1935 Market Street Railway, San Francisco, starts using trackless trolley coaches
  • 1936 Baseball World Series: Yankees beat Giants, 13-5 at the Polo Grounds to win all-New York series, 4-2

Historic Event

1939 Adolf Hitler denies he intends to go to war against France and Britain

  • 1939 Adolf Hitler announces plans to regulate Jewish problem
  • 1939 Last Polish army is defeated in World War II.
  • 1940 Zoological Gardens opens on Sloat & Skyline in San Francisco
  • 1941 German army occupies Briansk, USSR
  • 1941 Baseball World Series: NY Yankees beat Brooklyn Dodgers, 3-1 at Ebetts Field for a 4 games to 1 series win; Yankees 5th title in 6 years and 9th overall
  • 1942 Allied assault on oil installations of Bula Ceram
  • 1943 Battle at Vella Lavella, Solomon Island

Historic Event

1943 Himmler wants acceleration of "Final Solution"

  • 1944 Allied aircraft accidentally bomb Fishing, Overijssel
  • 1944 Canadians free Austria
  • 1944 Royal Dutch Navy submarine Zwaardvis (Swordfish) sinks German submarine U168 in the Java Sea
  • 1944 Soviets march into Hungary & Czechoslovakia

Historic Event

1945 US General Eisenhower welcomed in The Hague (on Hitler's train)

  • 1945 Memorial for executed unveiled in Terbregge
  • 1945 Tavern owner "Billy Goat" Sianis buys seat for his goat for Game 4 of Baseball World Series, is escorted out and casts goat curse on Chicago Cubs
  • 1946 90°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Oct
  • 1946 US President Harry Truman questions Great Britain Jews about Palestine
  • 1947 Baseball World Series: NY Yankees beat Brooklyn Dodgers, 5-2 at Yankee Stadium to clinch series, 4 games to 3; 11th championship in team history

Music Premiere

1948 "Polonaise" musical featuring works of Frederic Chopin, opens at Alvin Theater, NYC; runs for 113 performances

  • 1948 KHJ TV channel 9 in Los Angeles, CA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1948 Earthquake in Ashgabat kills 100,000 in the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic

Historic Event

1948 Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey finds the first partial fossil skull of Proconsul africanus, an ancestor of apes and humans on Rusinga Island, Kenya

  • 1949 Iva Toguri D'Aquino (Tokyo Rose) sentenced to 10 years & $10,000 fine

Historic Event

1949 US President Harry Truman signs Mutual Defense Assistance Act (for NATO)

Historic Event

1951 Joseph Stalin proclaims the Soviet Union has the atomic bomb

Theater Premiere

1952 Agatha Christie's play "The Mousetrap" opens in London (still running)

  • 1953 WTVM TV channel 9 in Columbus, GA (ABC) begins broadcasting

Music History

1956 Dmitri Shostakovich's 6th Iron quartet premieres in Leningrad

  • 1957 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1958 US nuclear sub USS Seawolf remains a record 60 days under the north pole
  • 1959 Soviet Luna 3, 1st successful photographic spacecraft, impacts Moon
  • 1959 Chicago White Sox beat LA Dodgers, 1-0 in Game 5 of Baseball World Series at LA Memorial Coliseum; World Series record attendance 92,706

Historic Event

1961 JFK advises Americans to build fallout shelters

  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear tests at Kapustin Yar & Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 16th NHL All-Star Game, Maple Leaf Garden, Toronto, ON: Toronto Maple Leafs beat All-Stars, 4-1; MVP: Eddie Shack, Toronto, LW
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

Sports History

1963 Baseball World Series: LA Dodgers edge NY Yankees, 2-1 at Dodger Stadium for 4-0 series sweep; MVP: Dodgers pitcher Sandy Koufax

  • 1964 "Cambridge Circus" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 23 performances

Music Single

1965 The Supremes release single "I Hear a Symphony"

  • 1965 William Goodhart's "Generation" premieres in NYC

Sports History

1966 Orioles pitcher Jim Palmer at 20, is youngest to record a World Series shutout as Baltimore beats LA Dodgers, 6-0 in Game 2 at Dodger Stadium

  • 1966 Partial meltdown at Detroits's Fermi 1 nuclear reactor
  • 1966 LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) is first declared illegal in state of California, other states follow
  • 1967 Haight-Ashbury (San Francisco) hippies throw a funeral for "Hippie" to mark end of "the summer of love".
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1969 WMPB TV channel 67 in Baltimore, MD (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1969 MLB National League Championship: New York Mets sweep Atlanta Braves, 3 games to 0
  • 1969 MLB American League Championship: Baltimore Orioles beat Minnesota Twins, 3 games to 0
  • 1971 MLB National League Championship: Pittsburgh Pirates beat San Francisco Giants, 3 games to 1
  • 1972 22-car train carrying 2,000 pilgrims derails, kills 208 in Mexico

Historic Event

1972 Taoiseach (Irish Prime Minister) Jack Lynch closes the Sinn Féin office in Dublin

  • 1973 Yom Kippur War begins as Syria & Egypt attack Israel
  • 1974 "Mack & Mabel" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 66 performances
  • 1974 Brazilian McLaren driver Emerson Fittipaldi finishes 4th in the US Grand Prix at Watkins Glen to win his second Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by 3 points from Clay Ragazzoni
  • 1976 "Gang of Four" arrested in Beijing
  • 1976 John Hathaway completes 50,600 mile bicycle tour of every continent

Historic Event

1976 US President Gerald Ford says there is "no Soviet domination in Eastern Europe"

  • 1976 Cubana Flight 455 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean after two bombs, placed by terrorists with connections to the CIA, explode onboard shortly after taking off from Bridgetown, Barbados, killing all 73 people on board
  • 1977 DL Coburns "Gin Game" premieres in NYC
  • 1977 Yankees win AL pennant by rallying for 3 runs in 9th to beat KC Royals 5-3 in 5th & deciding playoff game
  • 1977 In Alicante, Spain, fascists attack a group of MCPV militants and sympathizers, and one MCPV sympathizer is killed.
  • 1978 Hannah H Gray inaugurated as 1st female head of a US university (Chicago)

Historic Event

1978 Iraq declares Ayatollah Khomeini an undesirable person

Music History

1978 Mick Jagger apologizes for racist lyrics in "Some Girls"

Baseball Record

1978 Royals' George Brett hits 3 HRs, Yanks win championship game 3, 6-5

  • 1978 "Midnight Express" film premieres directed by Alan Parker starring Brad Davis, Randy Quaid and John Hurt

Film Premier

1978 Terrence Malick's "Days of Heaven" film premieres starring Richard Gere

  • 1979 Harry Drake set long distance footbow shot record of 2,006 yds 1'9"

Papal Visit

1979 Pope John Paul II is 1st Pope to visit The White House, meeting with President Jimmy Carter in Washington, D.C.

  • 1979 MLB American League Championship: Baltimore Orioles beat California Angels, 3 games to 1
  • 1980 Guyana adopts constitution
  • 1982 Auburn's Al Del Greco kicks 6 field goals
  • 1982 Fokker Fellowship crashes at Moerdijk Neth, 17-22 die
  • 1983 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC

NHL Record

1983 Islander's Mike Bossy's 25th career hat trick

  • 1983 NY Jets announce they are leaving Shea for Meadowlands
  • 1983 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1985 Marita Koch of E Germany sets 400m woman's record (47.6) in Australia
  • 1985 New York Yankees knuckleballer Phil Niekro becomes 18th pitcher to win 300 games; at 46 becomes oldest to pitch a shut-out, beating Toronto 8-0
  • 1985 PC Keith Blakelock is murdered as riots erupt in the Broadwater Farm estate in Tottenham, north London.

Sports History

1985 French McLaren driver Alain Prost clinches his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship with a 4th placing in the European Grand Prix at Brands Hatch

  • 1986 Russian nuclear sub K291 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • 1987 Military coup leader Maj-Gen Sitiveni Rabuka declares Fiji a republic

Music Single

1987 "Faith" single released by George Michael (Billboard Song of the Year 1988)

  • 1988 Oakland A's sweep Boston Red Sox in 4 games for AL pennant
  • 1990 US 67th manned space mission STS 41 (Discovery 11) launches into orbit
  • 1990 Solar Polar Orbiter 'Ulysses' launched
  • 1991 NY Met David Cone ties NL record by striking out 19 Phillies
  • 1991 Orioles' last game at Baltimore's Memorial Stadium (vs Det Tigers)
  • 1993 Sydney Australia Stock Market index above 2000, for 1st time

Sports History

1993 After 9 seasons & 3 Championships with the Chicago Bulls, Michael Jordan announces his retirement from the NBA; returns on March 18, 1995 and leads Bulls to another 3 NBA titles

  • 1994 -9] European Campaign against Racism confers in Austria
  • 1994 Ben Mokoena becomes 1st black mayor of Middelburg, South Africa
  • 1995 BPAA US Women's Open won by Cheryl Daniels
  • 1995 Colorodo Avalanche (former Que Nordiques) 1st NHL game, beat Detroit
  • 1995 51 Pegasi discovered as the first major star, apart from the Sun, to have a planet orbiting around it
  • 1996 Lois & Clark (fictional characters) wed
  • 1996 NY Jet Nick Lowrey ties Jan Stenerud with 373 NFL field goals

Historic Event

2000 President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Slobodan Milošević resigns

  • 2000 Swedish comedy drama "Songs from the Second Floor" written and directed by Roy Andersson is released in Sweden
  • 2002 The French oil tanker Limburg is bombed off Yemen.
  • 2002 Opus Dei founder Josemaría Escrivá is canonized.
  • 2007 Jason Lewis completes the first human-powered circumnavigation of the globe.
  • 2008 MESSENGER spacecraft performs a second Mercury flyby
  • 2010 Phillies ace Roy Halladay pitches only the 2nd postseason no-hitter in MLB history in Game 1 NLDS, 4-0 v Cincinnati Reds, at Citizens Bank Park, Philadelphia
  • 2010 Kevin Systrom and Mike Krieger launch Instagram

Historic Event

2012 Paolo Gabriele, Pope Benedict XVI's butler, is found guilty of leaking confidential documents and is sentenced to 18 months imprisonment

  • 2012 The Leeds Rhinos defeat the Warrington Wolves 26-18 to win the 2012 Super League grand final
  • 2012 New Zealand wins inaugural Rugby Championship with a 32-16 win over South Africa in Johannesburg; undefeated All Blacks score 4 tries to 1 with Dan Carter booting 3 conversions, a penalty & dropped goal
  • 2013 53 people are killed in political clashes in Egypt
  • 2013 Presidents Cup Golf, Muirfield Village GC: US wins for 5th successive time with an 18½–15½ victory over the International team
  • 2014 John O'Keefe, May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser win the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 2015 Nobel prize for Physics awarded to Takaaki Kajita (Japan) and Arthur McDonald (Canada) for work on neutrinos
  • 2017 British writer Kazuo Ishiguro is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature
  • 2017 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN)
  • 2017 Storm Nate kills at least 22 people passing through Costa Rica, Nicaragua and Honduras
  • 2017 Vegas Golden Knights make their NHL debut in Dallas, winning 2-1 over the Stars
  • 2018 Australia records the biggest comeback in Rugby Championship history in beating Argentina 45-34 in Salta; Wallabies trial 31-7 at halftime but score 5 second half tries to none to overwhelm Pumas
  • 2018 Brett Kavanaugh is confirmed and sworn onto the US Supreme Court amid protests and after an FBI investigation
  • 2018 Khabib Nurmagomedov of Dagestan beats Irishman Conor McGregor by 4th round submission in UFC lightweight title fight in Las Vegas; instantly marred by ugly post-fight brawling incident; belt withheld pending investigation
  • 2018 Oil tanker collision with a car leaves at least 50 people dead and one hundred with serious burns near Kisantu, Democratic Republic of Congo
  • 2018 New Zealand claims 6th overall, and 3rd straight Rugby Championship with 32-20 win over South Africa in Pretoria; All Blacks outscore Springboks 4 tries to 3
  • 2019 99 Iraqis have died and 4,000 injured in protests over 5 days against living conditions, unemployment and corruption according to human rights group
  • 2019 Tens of thousands of Hong Kong protesters march in defiance of a new ban on face masks
  • 2020 Nobel Prize for Physics awarded to Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel and Andrea M. Ghez for work on black holes

Historic Event

2021 WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus recommends world's first Malaria vaccine (Mosquirix) for children after a pilot program was effective in Africa [1]

  • 2021 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to Benjamin List and David W.C. MacMillan for development of asymmetric organocatalysis (tool for building molecules)
  • 2021 Carnegie Hall in NYC re-opens after 18 month pandemic shutdown with a concert by The Philadelphia Orchestra, conducted by Yannick Nézet-Séguin