On This Day

Historical Events on October 8

Victory in Battle

314 Battle at Cibalae: Roman emperor in the west Constantine beats emperor in the east Licinius

  • 451 Council of Chalcedon (4th ecumenical council) opens
  • 876 Battle at Andernach: Louis the Young beats Charles the Bald
  • 1075 Dmitar Zvonimir is crowned king of Croatia
  • 1085 San Marcos ministry in Venice initiated

The Great Stand on the Ugra River

1480 Great Stand on the Ugra river: Standoff between forces of Akhmat Khan, Khan of the Great Horde and Ivan III, Grand Prince of all Rus. Ends with a Tatar-Mongol retreat, leading to the disintegration of the Horde.

  • 1600 San Marino adopts constitution
  • 1604 Supernova "Kepler's nova" first sighted by Lodovico delle Colombe in Italy

Historic Event

1625 English Admiral George Villiers' fleet sails from Plymouth to Cadiz, Spain

  • 1633 Massachusetts Bay Colony forms its first government

Historic Event

1645 First hospital in Montreal, Quebec founded, the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal by nurse Jeanne Mance

  • 1690 Siege of Belgrade, Ottoman troops capture Belgrade
  • 1712 French privateer Jacques Cassard seen on Suriname coast
  • 1740 Chinese assault on Diestpoort, Batavia

Historic Discovery

1769 Captain James Cook lands in New Zealand at Poverty Bay on the East Coast of the North Island

Historic Event

1775 Officers decide to bar slaves and free blacks from the Continental Army

Historic Event

1779 English engraver and poet William Blake begins study at the Royal Academy, Old Somerset House, London

  • 1806 British forces lay siege to French port of Boulogne using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve
  • 1813 Treaty of Ried between Bavaria & Austria
  • 1815 Joachim Murat's French forces land at Pizzo, Italy
  • 1818 Jack Broughton designed padded gloves first used in a competitive boxing match between 2 unnamed English boxers at Aix-la-Chapelle in France

Historic Event

1821 The government of General José de San Martín establishes the Peruvian Navy

  • 1822 First eruption of Galunggung in Java sends boiling sludge into valley
  • 1840 First Hawaiian constitution proclaimed
  • 1840 "Ke Kumukānāwai a me nā Kānāwai o ko Hawaiʻi Pae ʻĀina, Honolulu, 1840", the 1st written Constitution of the Hawaiian Kingdom enacted by King Kamehameha III and Kuhina Nui (Prime Minister) Kekāuluohi
  • 1856 The Second Opium War or second Anglo-Chinese War: begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River
  • 1860 Telegraph line between LA & San Francisco opens
  • 1862 Battle of Perryville, Kentucky - Confederate invasion halted
  • 1865 Earthquake in Santa Cruz Mountains
  • 1871 Forest fire destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin, killing between 1,200 and 2,500 people, making it then the deadliest wildfire in recorded history

Great Chicago Fire

1871 The Great Chicago Fire kills an estimated 300 people and destroys over 4 square miles (10 square km) of buildings and the original Emancipation Proclamation

  • 1873 First women's prison run by women opens at Indiana Reformatory Institute
  • 1879 War of the Pacific: the Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter.
  • 1887 Phillies set club record 16th straight victory
  • 1888 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Scotsman Jack Burns wins his lone Open title by 1 stroke from Ben Sayers and David Anderson Jr
  • 1892 Sergei Rachmaninoff first performs "Prelude in C-sharp-Minor" in Moscow
  • 1895 Ohio Valley Improvement Association forms

Appointment of Interest

1897 Emperor Franz Joseph I names Gustav Mahler Director of the Vienna Court Opera

  • 1898 First Canadian Intercollegiate football game: McGill beats Queen's, 3-2
  • 1903 J M Synge's play "In the Shadow of the Glen" premieres in Dublin
  • 1904 Vanderbilt Cup, first major trophy in American auto racing is conducted on public roads in Nassau County area of Long Island, NY; inaugural winner, American driver George Heath in a Panhard
  • 1906 Karl Nessler demonstrates first 'permanent wave' for hair in London
  • 1908 NY Giants set season attendance record at 910,000 (broken in 1920)
  • 1908 Chicago Cubs beat NY Giants 4-2 in a playoff to win NL pennant
  • 1912 Montenegro declares war on Turkey, beginning 1st Balkan War
  • 1915 Battle of Loos on WWI Western Front ends, German forces contain British attack (85,000 casualties)
  • 1915 Phillies win their 1st & only World Series game before 1980, beating Red Sox, 3-1, with an 8th inning 2 run rally

Historic Event

1917 Leon Trotsky named chairman of the Petrograd Soviet as Bolsheviks gain control

Sgt. Alvin York Kills 25 German Soldiers

1918 American soldier Alvin York single-handedly attacks German gun nest, killing at least 25 and capturing 132 Germans

  • 1922 Baseball World Series: NY Giants beat NY Yankees, 5-3 at the Polo Grounds in Game 5 for a 4-0-1 series win; Game 2 tied

Historic Event

1924 British Labour government of Ramsay MacDonald falls to Conservatives

  • 1927 Baseball World Series: NY Yankees beat Pittsburgh Pirates, 4-3 at Yankee Stadium for a 4-0 series sweep

Film Release

1927 "The Second Hundred Years" silent short film released starring Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy - 1st Laurel and Hardy film with them appearing as a team

Music Premiere

1928 Cole Porter and E. Ray Goetz' musical "Paris" opens at the Music Box Theater, NYC; runs for 195 performances

  • 1928 Joseph Szigeti debuts Alfredo Casella's Violin Concerto
  • 1929 A's Howard Ehmke (7-2) sets World Series record striking out 13 Cubs
  • 1929 Mohammed Nadir Khan occupies Kabul Afghanistan and drives out Habibullah Ghazi
  • 1930 Baseball World Series: Philadelphia A's beat St Louis Cards, 7-1 at Shibe Park for a 4 games to 2 series victory to retain title
  • 1932 The Indian Air Force is established
  • 1933 Coit Tower dedicated in San Francisco as a monument to firefighters
  • 1933 Martinez Barrios forms new Spanish government

Murder of Interest

1934 Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for the murder of Charles Lindbergh's son

Theater Premiere

1938 George S. Kaufman & Moss Hart's play "Fabulous Invalid" premieres in NYC

  • 1939 Germany annexes Western Poland
  • 1939 Baseball World Series: NY Yankees beat Cincinnati Reds, 7-3 at Crosley Field for 4-0 sweep; Yankees 4th straight WS title
  • 1940 Baseball World Series: Cincinnati Reds beat Detroit Tigers, 2-1 at Crosley Field for 4 games to 3 series win; Reds second championship
  • 1940 German troops occupies Romania
  • 1941 Building at Concentration Camp Birkenau begins
  • 1942 Fight at Matanikau, Guadalcanal (John Hersey-Into the Valley)

Radio History

1942 Comedy duo Abbott and Costello launch their weekly radio show

  • 1943 Great Britain establishes bases on Azores
  • 1944 "The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet" debut on CBS radio

Music Premiere

1944 Samuel Barber's "Capricorn Concerto" premieres

Historic Event

1945 US President Harry Truman announces atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada

  • 1945 Microwave oven patented by US inventor Percy Spencer
  • 1946 Military plane crashes at Christian HBS, 24 die
  • 1950 4th NHL All-Star Game, Detroit Olympia, Detroit, MI: Detroit Red Wings beat All-Stars, 7-1
  • 1950 Cleveland Browns play Pittsburgh for 1st time, beat Steelers 30-17
  • 1951 "Music in the Air" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 56 performances
  • 1952 Chinese offensive in Korea
  • 1952 112 people killed in Britain's worst peace-time rail crash at Harrow and Wealdstone, northwest London

Sports History

1953 Birmingham, Alabama, bars Jackie Robinson's Negro-White All-Stars from playing there Robinson gives in & drops white players from his group

  • 1953 WTAP TV channel 15 in Parkersburg-Marietta, WV (NBC) begins
  • 1955 World's most powerful aircraft carrier, USS Saratoga, launched
  • 1956 Yankees pitcher Don Larsen throws a perfect game as New York beats Brooklyn Dodgers, 2-0 in Game 5 of the World Series at Yankee Stadium
  • 1957 Brooklyn Dodgers announce move to Los Angeles
  • 1957 Procter & Gamble director N McElroy becomes US Secretary of Defense
  • 1957 Soviet spy Jack Sobel sentenced to 7 years (NYC)
  • 1957 Turkish & Syrian border guards exchange fire
  • 1958 Braves Eddie Mathews strikes out for World Series record 11th time
  • 1958 Dr Ake Senning installs first pacemaker (Stockholm)
  • 1958 KCMT TV channel 7 in Alexandria, MN (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 "At the Drop of a Hat" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 216 performances

Election of Interest

1959 Conservatives led by Harold Macmillan win the British general election

  • 1959 Baseball World Series: LA Dodgers beat Chicago White Sox, 9-3 at Comiskey Park to claim championship, 4 games to 2; MVP: Dodgers pitcher Larry Sherry
  • 1960 3rd Rugby League World Cup: Great Britain beats Australia 10-3
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya, USSR

Sports History

1961 NY Yankee pitcher Whitey Ford breaks Babe Ruth's record of 29-2/3 consecutive scoreless innings in the World Series; he goes on to extend the streak to 33-2/3, which stands until 2000

  • 1961 American Phil Hill's Ferrari team does not participate in season ending US Grand Prix at Watkins Glen having already clinched World Drivers Championship; English driver Innes Ireland wins Lotus' first ever Grand Prix
  • 1962 Algeria admitted as 109th member of UN
  • 1962 North Korea reports 100% election turnout, miraculously 100% vote for the Workers' Party
  • 1962 Spiegel scandal: Der Spiegel publishes article "Bedingt abwehrbereit" ("Conditionally prepared for defense") about NATO manoeuver called "Fallex 62", uncovering sorry state of West German army. Magazine soon accused of treason.
  • 1963 Sultan of Zanzibar cedes his mainland possessions to Kenya
  • 1964 Gilroy Roberts becomes first US chief engraver to retire (than die)

Music History

1964 Ringo Starr passes his driving test

  • 1965 Muslims in Jakarta set fire to PKI headquarters
  • 1965 Post Office Tower opens in London, then the tallest building in England
  • 1965 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1966 Wyoming's Jerry DePoyster kicks 3 field goals over 50 yds (54, 54, 52)

Historic Event

1967 Guerrilla leader Che Guevara and his men are captured in Bolivia

  • 1968 Dutch aircraft carrier Karel Doorman (formerly British HMS Venerable) sold to Argentina
  • 1969 The opening rally of the Days of Rage occurs, organized by the Weather Underground in Chicago, Illinois.

Nobel Prize

1970 Soviet author Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn wins the Nobel Prize for Literature

  • 1970 The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) propose that a system of Proportional Representation (PR) should be used in elections in Northern Ireland

Music Single

1971 John Lennon releases his megahit single "Imagine"

  • 1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1972 "From Israel with Love" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 8 performances
  • 1972 Harold Carmichael begins NFL streak of 127 consecutive game receptions
  • 1972 In Game 2 of ALCS, Oakland A's Bert Campaneris fires his bat at Det pitcher
  • 1972 MLB Detroit Tiger pitcher Lerrin LaGrow and Oakland A's shortstop Bert Campaneris, each fined and suspended when Campaneris flung his bat at the mound after getting hit by a pitch
  • 1972 Despite retiring with suspension trouble at the US Grand Prix at Watkins Glen, Emerson Fittipaldi becomes first Brazilian to win the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship; wins by 16 points from Jackie Stewart

Sports History

1973 NLCS game 3 brawl between Cins' Pete Rose & NY Met Bud Harrelson

  • 1973 Spyris Markezinis forms government in Greece
  • 1973 OPEC meets with oil companies to discuss revision of 1971 Tehran agreement and oil prices; negotiations fail.
  • 1974 Franklin National Bank collapses due to fraud and mismanagement; at the time it was the largest bank failure in the history of the United States.
  • 1975 San Antonio Spurs, then members of the ABA, defeat the NBA's Atlanta Hawks, 109-107 in the first basketball game ever played in the Louisiana Superdome
  • 1977 Largest baseball crowd in Penns, 64,924 see Dodgers beat Phillies 4-1 in 4th NL championship game (Dodgers win pennant)
  • 1977 MLB National League Championship: Los Angeles Dodgers beat Philadelphia Phillies, 3 games to 1
  • 1978 Ken Warby set world water speed record at 319.627 mph (514 kph)
  • 1978 Yanks win 3rd straight AL Championship, all against Kansas City

Sports History

1978 American Mario Andretti in a Lotus finishes 10th in the season ending Canadian Grand Prix at Île Notre-Dame Circuit, but wins his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by 13 points from Ronnie Peterson

  • 1979 Jimmy McHugh, Dorothy Fields and Al Dubin's musical "Sugar Babies" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater, NYC; runs for 1208 performances

Music History

1980 After playing two shows at the Madison Square Garden, Bob Marley collapsed in Central Park while jogging, brought to Sloan-Kettering Hospital

  • 1980 British Leyland starts selling Mini Metro
  • 1980 USSR & Syria sign peace treaty
  • 1980 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1982 New Jersey Devils 1st NHL victory; beat New York Rangers 3-2 at Meadowlands
  • 1982 Poland bans Solidarity & all labor unions
  • 1983 1st regular season Islander OT game beat Caps 8-7
  • 1983 Washington Capitals 1st NHL overtime game losing to NY Islanders 8-7
  • 1983 MLB National League Championship: Philadelphia Phillies beat Los Angeles Dodgers, 3 games to 1
  • 1983 MLB American League Championship: Baltimore Orioles beat Chicago White Sox, 3 games to 1
  • 1984 18th Country Music Association Award: Alabama wins
  • 1984 NBC's premiere of TV made "The Burning Bed", based on Francine Hughes
  • 1985 "Rembrandt & Hitler or Me" premieres in Amsterdam
  • 1985 Alain Boubil and Herbert Kretzner's "Les Miserables" premieres in London

Music History

1985 Little Richard seriously injured in a single car accident in Los Angeles

  • 1986 Mike Scott ties playoff record of 14 strikeouts, beats Mets 1-0
  • 1986 RUN DMC calls for a day of peace among LA street gangs
  • 1988 Fire in Seattle's Space Needle causes evacuation, $2,000 damage
  • 1988 Jay Howell ejected in NLCS game 3 for having pine tar on his glove
  • 1989 Oakland beats Toronto, 4-3 in Game 5, to advance to the World Series
  • 1989 MLB American League Championship: Oakland Athletics beat Toronto Blue Jays, 4 games to 1
  • 1990 24th Country Music Association Award: George Strait wins
  • 1990 Israeli police kill 17 Palestinian rioters
  • 1990 US doctors Joseph E Murray & E Donnall Thomas win Nobel Prize

Historic Event

1991 The Croatian Parliament cuts all remaining ties with Yugoslavia

  • 1992 Nobel Prize for literature is given to West Indies poet Derek Walcott
  • 1992 Ottawa Senators 1st NHL game
  • 1992 Pioneer Venus Orbiter (1st Venus orbiter-1978), crashes into Venus
  • 1992 Video game Mortal Kombat first released as a 2D fighting game by Midway Games

Historic Publication

1993 Howard Stern releases his 1st book "Private Parts"

  • 1993 UN lifts remaining economic sanctions against South Africa
  • 1994 BPAA US Women's Bowling Open won by Aleta Sill

NFL Record

1995 Dolphin's Dan Marino breaks Tarkenton's NFL career completions record

  • 1995 Edgar Martinez drives home tying & winning runs to rally Mariners to 6-5 win in bottom of 11th to beat Yankees & win AL Division Series
  • 1998 Oslo Gardermoen airport opening after the close down of Fornebu.

Impeachment Trial of Bill Clinton

1998 US House of Representatives votes to begin impeachment hearings against President Bill Clinton on charges of lying about his affair with Monica Lewinsky

Nobel Prize

1998 José Saramago is the first person from Portugal to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature

  • 1999 New Coligny Calendar, NCC, The beginning of a new era of the Coligny calendar, the oldest material Celtic calendar.
  • 2000 Solheim Cup Women's Golf, Loch Lomond GC: Europe regains Cup 14½-11½; Carin Koch holes winning putt, coming back from 3 down to beat Michele Redman

Sports History

2000 German Ferrari driver Michael Schumacher wins Japanese Grand Prix at Suzuka to clinch his 3rd, and 1st of 5 straight F1 World Drivers Championships

  • 2000 Musical "Peter Pan" starring Cathy Rigby, and filmed before a live audience, premieres on A&E TV

Historic Event

2001 US President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security

  • 2001 A twin engine Cessna and Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) jetliner collide in heavy fog during takeoff from Milan, Italy killing 118.

Nobel Prize

2003 Peter Agre and Roderick MacKinnon win the 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes

Nobel Prize

2003 Clive Granger and Robert F. Engle awarded Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences “for methods of analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility (ARCH)”

Nobel Prize

2004 Kenyan Wangari Maathai is the first African woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for "her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace"

Film & TV History

2004 Martha Stewart begins 5 months incarcerated at Federal Prison Camp, Alderson for insider trading and obstruction of justice

  • 2005 The Kashmir earthquake hits parts of northern South Asia at 03:50 UTC.

Sports History

2005 NHL great Wayne Gretzky gets his first win as a coach as the Phoenix Coyotes beat the Minnesota Wild 2-1 at Jobing.com Arena, Phoenix

  • 2008 Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology awarded jointly to Harald zur Hausen (cause of cervical cancer) and Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, Luc Montagnier (discovery of HIV)
  • 2011 Irish professional darts player Brendan Dolan plays 1st perfect 9 dart game on TV in semi-final against James Wade at PDC World Darts Championship in Dublin
  • 2012 35 people are killed by a Nigerian military bomb struck a convoy in Maiduguri

Election of Interest

2012 Hugo Chávez is re-elected as president of Venezuela for a fourth term

  • 2012 Mustafa A.G. Abushagur, the first elected Libyan Prime Minister, is voted out of office by the Libyan parliament

Nobel Prize

2012 John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka win the 2012 Nobel Prize for Medicine for their work on reprogramming end stage cells to become pluripotent

  • 2013 Peter Higgs and François Englert win the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics for their work on the origin of the mass of subatomic particles
  • 2014 The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra is awarded the third $1 million Birgit Nilsson Prize
  • 2014 Eric Betzig, Stefan Hell and William Moerner win the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy
  • 2015 Nobel prize for Literature awarded to Belarusian journalist and author Svetlana Alexievich

Music History

2015 Actress and singer Selena Gomez reveals she has Lupus

  • 2016 140 people are killed in an air strike during a wake in Sanaa, Yemen
  • 2016 New Zealand routs South Africa, 57-14 in Durban to win their 4th Rugby Championship; undefeated All Blacks score 9 tries to 1, 2 each to Israel Dagg, TJ Perenara and Beauden Barrett
  • 2017 Wildfires ignite in Northern Californian wine country, killing at least 41 over the next week, with 20,000 evacutated