Historical Events on October 9

Royal Coronation

768 Charlemagne and his brother Carloman I are crowned Kings of The Franks

  • 869 Charles the Bald crowned king of Lotharingen
  • 1000 Leif Ericson discovers "Vinland" (possibly L'Anse aux Meadows, Canada) reputedly becoming first European to reach North America

Historic Event

1192 Richard I of England, the Lion Heart, leaves Jerusalem in disguise

Royal Coronation

1200 12-year-old French noblewoman Isabella of Angoulême is crowned Queen consort of England to King John in Westminster Abbey

  • 1238 James I of Aragon conquers Valencia and founds the Kingdom of Valencia

Historic Event

1290 Last of 16,000 Jews expelled by King Edward I leave England

  • 1410 Earliest mention of Prague's astronomical clock, the world's oldest still in operation, built by Mikuláš of Kadaň and Jan Šindel
  • 1446 The Hangul (Korean) alphabet is first published in Korea by King Sejong the Great
  • 1558 Mérida is founded in Venezuela
  • 1573 Don Frederik and the Spanish disband the siege of Alkmaar
  • 1595 The Spanish army captures Cambrai
  • 1597 Eighty Years War: Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange with English support captures Breevoort, Netherlands from the Spanish
  • 1617 Peace of Pavia between Spain and Savoye
  • 1621 Turkey & Poland signs Peace of Chotin

Historic Event

1635 Religious dissident Roger Williams banished from Mass Bay Colony

  • 1651 English parliament passes Navigation Act
  • 1655 Swedish king Karel X Gustaaf occupies Krakow

Great Plague of London

1665 Due to the Great Plague of London, the British Parliament meets at the University of Oxford rather than the Palace of Westminster

  • 1668 Mass society storms palace of "heretics" Spanish governor Jose de Paternina
  • 1701 Collegiate School of Ct (Yale U), chartered in New Haven
  • 1708 Great Northern War: Battle at Lesnaya (N.S): Russian army captures Swedish convoy
  • 1716 Britain & France sign treaty
  • 1740 Dutch governor general Adriaen Valckenier allows murder of 8,000 Chinese inhabitants of Batavia
  • 1760 7 Years' War: Russian and Austrian forces occupy Berlin [OS=Sep 28]
  • 1771 The Dutch merchant ship Vrouw Maria sinks near the coast of Finland.

Historic Siege

1779 Siege of Savannah (Georgia) during American Revolutionary War: Continental Army General Casimir Pulaski is wounded by grapeshot (a type of cluster munition), dies two days later

Surrender at Yorktown

1781 Americans under George Washington and the French under Comte de Rochambeau begin bombardment of Yorktown, the last battle of American Revolutionary War

  • 1794 French troops occupy Hertogenbosch
  • 1799 Sinking of British frigate HMS Lutine, with the loss of 240 men and cargo worth £1,200,000 off Dutch coast
  • 1804 Hobart in Tasmania founded
  • 1806 Prussia declares war on France
  • 1817 University of Gent officially opens
  • 1818 Congress of Aken returns to France from Libya
  • 1820 Guayaquil, Ecuador declares its freedom from Ecuador
  • 1824 Slavery is abolished in Costa Rica
  • 1831 Ioannis Kapodistrias, first Head of State of modern Greece, assassinated in Nafplion
  • 1835 The Royal College, Colombo, established with the name Hillstreet Academy in Sri Lanka
  • 1837 Meeting at the U.S. Naval Academy establishes the U.S. Naval Institute.
  • 1837 Steamboat "Home" sinks off Okracoke, North Carolina, killing 100
  • 1845 Eminent and controversial Anglican priest John Henry Newman leaves Anglican Curch of England and is received into the Roman Catholic Church
  • 1854 The siege of Sevastopol begins during the Crimean War
  • 1855 American inventor Isaac Singer patents sewing machine motor
  • 1855 Joshua Stoddard of Worcester, Massachusetts, patents first calliope (steam powered musical instrument)
  • 1863 Battle of Brady Station, Virginia (Culpeper Court House, Bristoe Station)

Victory in Battle

1864 Battle of Tom's Brook; Confederate cavalry that harassed Sheridan's campaign is beaten by General George A. Custer & Merrit's cavalry divisions

  • 1865 First US underground pipeline for carrying oil is laid in Pennsylvania
  • 1870 Rome is incorporated into Italy by royal decree
  • 1874 World Postal Union forms in Bern Switzerland
  • 1876 1st 2-way telephone conversation, 1st over outdoor wires
  • 1877 American Humane Association organizes (Cleveland)
  • 1888 Washington Monument opens for public admittance
  • 1899 1st British troops reaches Durban, South Africa
  • 1899 South Africa President Kruger routes British authorities ultimatum
  • 1900 8.3 magnitude earthquake shakes Cape Yakataga, Alaska
  • 1903 11" (28.4 cm) rainfall in 24 hrs (NYC)
  • 1905 First league sanctioned Baseball World Series begins; New York Giants (NL) beat Philadelphia A's (AL), 3-0 in Game 1 at Columbia Park

Baseball Record

1909 Ty Cobb steals home in World Series game

  • 1910 Nap Lajorie challenges Ty Cobb batting average with 8 hits, 6 were bunts as Brown's 3rd baseman Red Corriden played deep, Cobb still won
  • 1914 German troops take Antwerp in World War I
  • 1915 Belgrade, Serbia, surrenders to Central leaders
  • 1915 Gil Anderson races auto (165.1 km record) in Sheepshead Bay, New York
  • 1915 Louis Kaufmans comedy "Unchastened Woman" premieres in New York City

Sports History

1915 Woodrow Wilson becomes first US President to attend a World Series game

  • 1919 Baseball World Series: Cincinnati Reds beat Chicago White Sox, 10-5 at Comiskey Park for a 5-3 series victory; due to 'Black Sox Scandal' last WS to take place without a Commissioner of Baseball in place

Baseball Record

1921 Babe Ruth's 1st WS homer; only Sunday game ever pitched by Carl Mays

Historic Event

1926 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Royal Colonial Institution

  • 1926 NBC (National Broadcasting Corporation) forms
  • 1928 Baseball World Series: NY Yankees beat St. Louis Cardinals, 7-3 at Sportsman's Park to become first to sweep consecutive World Series; Babe Ruth hits smashes 3 HRs for Yanks
  • 1928 Marcel Pagnol's "Topaz" premieres in Paris
  • 1929 George Kaufman & Ring Lardner's musical "June Moon" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1929 Part of lost Piri Reis World Map, compiled by Ottoman general Piri Reis in 1513, rediscovered in the Topaki Palace Library, Istanbul. Earliest map of Columbus's voyages. [1]

  • 1930 1st transcontinental flight by a woman completed, Laura Ingalls

Historic Event

1932 Soviet leader Joseph Stalin expels Lev Kamenev and Grigory Zinoviev from the Communist Party after a power struggle


1934 Assassination of Alexander I King of Yugoslavia and French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou in Marseille by member of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization organised by Ustaša

  • 1934 Baseball World Series: St Louis Cardinals rout Detroit Tigers, 11-0 at Navin Field to clinch 4 games to 3 series victory and 3rd championship

Historic Event

1936 Hoover Dam begins transmitting electricity to Los Angeles

  • 1938 Cleveland Rams and Chicago Bears play one of only 4 penalty free games in NFL history; Rams win 14-7 at Cleveland Stadium
  • 1941 Coup in Panama declares Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango the new president.
  • 1942 Statute of Westminster 1931 passed by the Australian parliament, formalises Australian autonomy
  • 1944 Baseball World Series: in the only all-St Louis WS, the Cardinals beat the Browns, 3-1 at Sportsman's Park for 4 games to 2 series victory
  • 1944 Canadian offensive in West-Zeeuws-Flanders
  • 1944 German occupiers turn off electricity in Amsterdam
  • 1945 British troops occupy Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal

Historic Event

1946 Eugene O'Neill's "The Iceman Cometh" premieres in NYC

  • 1946 First electric blanket manufactured; sold for $39.50
  • 1947 First telephone conversation between occupants of a moving car and an airplane
  • 1947 Julie Styne and Sammy Cahn's musical "High Button Shoes" premieres at the New Century Theatre, NYC (later transferred to the Shubert, then to The Broadway Theatre, NYC; runs for 727 performances
  • 1948 WXYZ TV channel 7 in Detroit, MI (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1949 Baseball World Series: NY Yankees beat Brooklyn Dodgers, 10-6 at Ebbets Field for 4 games to 1 series victory; starts Yankees record run of 5 straight titles
  • 1949 English ballerina Margot Fonteyn debuts in America with her performance in Tchaikovsky's "The Sleeping Beauty" at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York
  • 1950 Baseball World Series: New York Yankees beat Philadelphia Phillies, 5-2 at Yankee Stadium to sweep series, 4-0 for 13th WS title in team history; MVP: NY 2B Jerry Coleman
  • 1951 5th NHL All-Star Game, Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto: 1st Team ties 2nd Team, 2-2; first year format - 1st v 2nd All-Star Teams, with additional players
  • 1951 Gil McDougald's World Series grand slam helps Yanks beat Giants 13-1
  • 1953 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill aproves Guyanese Constitution

Election of Interest

1953 Konrad Adenauer elected Chancellor of West Germany

  • 1954 KTIV TV channel 4 in Sioux City, IA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 10th NHL All-Star Game, Montreal Forum, Montreal, QC: All-Stars tie Montreal Canadiens, 1-1
  • 1956 Ernest Hemingway visits fellow writer Pío Baroja at his hospital bed shortly before the Spaniard's death
  • 1957 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
  • 1958 Israeli navy inaugrates its first submarine
  • 1958 MLB World Series: NY Yankees beat Braves, 6-2 at County Stadium in Milwaukee, clinch 4 games to 3 series triumph; MVP: Yankees pitcher Bob Turley

Historic Event

1959 Lee Harvey Oswald arrives in Southampton, England

  • 1960 Cowboy QB Eddie LeBaron throws shortest touchdown pass (2")

Sports History

1961 Baseball World Series: New York Yankees win 19th championship, 4-1; rout Cincinnati Reds, 13-5 at Crosley Field in Game 5; MVP: Yankees pitcher Whitey Ford

  • 1961 Tanganyika, in east Africa, becomes independent within British Commonwealth
  • 1961 US members of communist party obliged to report themselves to police
  • 1961 Volcanic eruptions on Tristan de Cunha (South Atlantic)
  • 1962 Battles to decide Algeria-Morocco boundary kills 130
  • 1962 NASA civilian test pilot John B McKay takes X-15 to 39,200 m
  • 1962 Uganda becomes independent from the United Kingdom
  • 1963 French air force gets first nuclear weapons
  • 1963 Hurricane Flora ravages Cuba & Haiti, kills 6,000
  • 1963 Vajont Dam disaster, landslide creates 50 million cubic metre wave killing around 2,000 in the Piave Valley in Northern Italy
  • 1965 Beatles' "Yesterday" single goes #1 & stays #1 for 4 weeks

Ryder Cup

1965 Ryder Cup, Royal Birkdale GC: US beats Great Britain 19½-12½; Byron Nelson non-playing American captain; Harry Weetman GB skipper

Sports History

1966 Baseball World Series: Baltimore Orioles claim first championship in franchise history; edge LA Dodgers, 1-0 at Memorial Stadium for 4-0 sweep; MVP: Orioles outfielder Frank Robinson

Historic Event

1968 2,000 students from Queen's University Belfast try to march to Belfast City Hall in protest against 'police brutality', but blocked by loyalists led by Ian Paisley; leads for formation of student civil rights group People's Democracy

  • 1968 Government seizes oil fields in Peru
  • 1968 WKMU TV channel 21 in Murray, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting

Music Single

1969 The Supremes release single "Someday We'll Be Together", Diana Ross' last recording with the group

  • 1970 Khmer Republic (Cambodia) declares independence

Historic Event

1971 Japanese Emperor Hirohito visits the Netherlands

  • 1971 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1972 "Dude" opens at Broadway Theater, NYC; runs for 16 performances
  • 1973 1st general striking in Luxembourg since 1942
  • 1973 Israel announces loss of Bar-Lev defense line in Suez Canal
  • 1973 Warriors-Cavalier game in Cleveland postponed because of wet floors
  • 1974 MLB American League Championship: Oakland Athletics beat Baltimore Orioles, 3 games to 1
  • 1974 MLB National League Championship: Los Angeles Dodgers beat Pittsburgh Pirates, 3 games to 1
  • 1974 Race riot in Boston due to "bussing"
  • 1974 Washington Capitals 1st NHL game, losing 6-3 to NY Rangers at Madison Square Garden Wash Caps begin a 37 game road losing streak
  • 1975 Emperor Hirohito of Japan visits San Francisco

Nobel Prize

1975 Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov wins Nobel Peace Prize

  • 1976 "Robber Bridegroom" opens at Biltmore Theater NYC for 145 performances
  • 1976 Peter Petherick takes hat-trick on cricket debut New Zealand v Pakistan Javed 1st wkt
  • 1976 Test Cricket debut of Javed Miandad (Pakistan), scores 163 on 1st day
  • 1976 Yanks 1st AL Championship game, beat Royals 4-1
  • 1977 MLB American League Championship: New York Yankees beat Kansas City Royals, 3 games to 2
  • 1977 Soyuz 25 launched to Saluyt 6, but returned after failing to dock
  • 1977 Yanks rally for 3 in 9th & beat Royals 5-3 for pennant #31
  • 1978 John Kander and Fred Ebb's musical "Ballroom" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1978 P.W. Botha succeeds John Vorster as Prime Minister of South Africa

  • 1979 Howard Stern begins broadcasting on WCCC in Hartford, Connecticut
  • 1980 1st consumer use of home banking by computer by United American Bank in Knoxville, Tennessee
  • 1980 Nobel prize for literature awarded to Czesław Miłosz
  • 1981 Abolition of capital punishment in France.
  • 1981 United States Auto Club appeals panel restores disputed Indianapolis 500 victory to disqualified first-across-the-line Bobby Unser
  • 1982 Attack on synagogue in Rome leaves 1 dead
  • 1983 NFL Buffalo Bill QB Joe Ferguson passes for 419 yards with 5 TDs, winning 38-35, in overtime, over Dolphins, in Miami
  • 1983 Rangoon, Burma (now Yangon, Myanmar) bombing: North Korean agents attempt to assassinate South Korean President results in 21 deaths, including 9 South Korean government officials; presidential advisors and security team members; and 3 reporters
  • 1984 Astronaut Kathy Sullivan becomes 1st US woman to walk in space during a Space Shuttle Challenger mission (STS-41-G)
  • 1985 "Tango Argentino" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater, NYC; runs for 198 performances
  • 1985 Central Park's Strawberry Fields, dedicated
  • 1985 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Television Premiere

1986 "The Late Show with Joan Rivers" premieres on Fox, first woman to host a US late-night TV talk show' she is fired in May of 1987

Music Premiere

1986 Stage musical "Phantom of the Opera" premieres in London, written by Andrew Lloyd Webber and starring Michael Crawford and Sarah Brightman; runs for 13,629 performances

  • 1986 US Senate convicts US District Judge Harry E Claiborne making him 5th federal official to be removed from office through impeachment; he had previously been criminally convicted of tax evasion

Film Release

1987 "Hail! Hail! Rock 'n' Roll" documentary film directed by Taylor Hackford of 1986 concerts celebrating rock and roll pioneer Chuck Berry is released

  • 1987 Japanese bank buys "Lady McGill" stamp for $1,100,000
  • 1988 17% vote for extreme-right Flemish Block in Belgium
  • 1988 9th Rugby League World Cup: Australia beats New Zealand 25-12
  • 1988 Dennis Eckersley, 1st to save all 4 games in a championship series
  • 1988 MLB American League Championship: Oakland Athletics beat Boston Red Sox, 4 games to 0
  • 1989 23rd Country Music Association Award: George Strait, Kathy Mattea win
  • 1989 27th Tennis Fed Cup: USA beats Spain in Tokyo Japan (3-0)
  • 1989 First NFL game coached by an African American (Art Shell), his LA Raiders beat NY Jets 14-7 on Monday Night Football
  • 1989 MLB National League Championship: San Francisco Giants beat Chicago Cubs, 4 games to 1
  • 1989 Penthouse Magazine's Hebrew edition hits newsstands
  • 1990 David Souter, sworn in as US Supreme Court Justice

Radio History

1990 Radio stations around world play "Imagine" honoring John Lennon on what would have been his 50th birthday

Historic Event

1990 Saddam Hussein threatens to hit Israel with a new missile

  • 1991 "On Borrowed Time" opens at Circle in Square Theater, NYC; runs for 99 performances

Historic Event

1991 Bush declares "total confidence" in nominee Clarence Thomas

  • 1991 Ecuador becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
  • 1991 San Jose Sharks beat Calgary for their 1st NHL win, 4-3
  • 1992 A 13 kilogram (est.) meteorite lands in the driveway of Knapp residence, Peekskill, New York, destroying family's 1980 Chevrolet Malibu

Film Release

1992 Action thriller film "Under Siege" directed by Andrew Davis starring Steven Seagal in his most famous role is released

  • 1992 Great meteorite seen from Kentucky to New York
  • 1994 Austrian parliamentary election (23% extreme-right)
  • 1996 Howard Stern's book "Miss America" released in paperback
  • 1997 ABL players allowed to own stock in the league
  • 1997 Hurricane kills 123 in Acapulco Mexico
  • 1997 Nobel prize for literature awarded to Italian playwright Dario Fo
  • 1997 North Carolina's record winning college basketball coach Dean Smith retires
  • 1997 NY Rangers are 1st NHL team to open with 4 straight ties
  • 1999 The last flight of the US aircraft Lockheed SR-71 "Blackbird"
  • 2001 Second mailing of anthrax letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attack
  • 2006 North Korea conducts its first nuclear test, with an estimated yield of between 0.4-2 kilotons
  • 2007 The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at an all-time high
  • 2007 “Low” single released by Flo Rida (Billboard Song of the Year 2008)
  • 2009 First lunar impact of the Centaur and LCROSS spacecrafts as part of NASA's Lunar Precursor Robotic Program

Sports History

2011 German Red Bull driver Sebastian Vettel finishes 3rd in the Japanese F1 Grand Prix to clinch his second consecutive World Drivers Championship

Historic Event

2012 25,000 people in Athens protest against German Chancellor Angela Merkel

  • 2012 Serge Haroche and David Wineland win the 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics for work on quantum optics

Historic Event

2012 Women's rights and education activist Malala Yousafzai is shot three times by a Taliban gunman as she tried to board her school bus in Swat district of northwest Pakistan