Historical Events on September 11

  • 9 The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest ends after four days with a Germanic alliance defeating Roman forces and putting an end to expansion of the empire east of the Rhine

Louis the Pious Crowned

813 Louis the Pious crowned co-Emperor with Charlemagne of the Carolingian Empire

  • 910 Benedictine abbey of Cluny founded by William, Duke of Aquitaine, in Burgundy, France, one of the greatest monasteries of Western Europe
  • 1185 Isaac II Angelus kills Stephanus Hagiochristophorites and then appeals to the people, resulting in the revolt that deposes Andronicus I Comnenus and places Isaac on the throne of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1213 Chinese general Chih-Chung assassinates Emperor Wei Shao Wang (former Prince of Wei) in Peking and proclaims himself Regent
  • 1226 The Roman Catholic practice of public adoration of the Blessed Sacrament outside of Mass spreads from monasteries to parishes

Ögedei Khan

1229 Ögedei, son of Genghis Khan, is elected the Mongolian Khan, succeeding Genghis after his father's death (or 13 Sept)

Battle of Stirling Bridge

1297 Battle at Stirling Bridge, Scottish rebel William Wallace defeats the English

  • 1304 William the Good becomes Earl of Holland
  • 1390 Lithuanian Civil War (1389-1392): the Teutonic Knights begin a five-week siege of Vilnius

Michelangelo Sculpts the 12 Apostles

1503 Michelangelo begins sculpting the 12 Apostles for the Cathedral of Florence, over-life-sized marble statues of which only 1 was partly finished, that of St. Matthew

  • 1541 Santiago, Chile, is destroyed by indigenous warriors, lead by Michimalonko
  • 1557 Catholic & Lutheran theology debated in Worms
  • 1609 Expulsion order announced against the Moriscos of Valencia; beginning of the expulsion of all Spain's Moriscos
  • 1645 Thomas Fairfax's New Model Army occupies Bristol

Massacre of Drogheda

1649 Massacre of Drogheda, Ireland - Oliver Cromwell kills 3,000 royalists

  • 1697 Battle of Zenta: forces of Prince Eugen of Savoye defeat the Turks, ending Ottoman control of large parts of Central Europe

Swedish Invasion of Russia

1708 Great Northern War: Charles XII of Sweden stops his march to conquer Moscow outside Smolensk, marking the turning point in the war

  • 1709 Battle at Malplaquet during War of the Spanish Succession: English, Austrian and Dutch Great Alliance defeat France
  • 1714 French & Spanish troops under Duke of Berwick occupy Barcelona
  • 1741 Queen Maria Theresa addresses Hungarian Parliament
  • 1758 Battle of Saint Cast: France repels British invasion during the Seven Years' War

Good War or Bad Peace

1773 Benjamin Franklin writes "There never was a good war or bad peace"

Battle of Brandywine

1777 Battle of Brandywine, Pennysylvania; Americans lose to the British, Polish soldier Casimir Pulaski saves life of George Washington

  • 1786 Annapolis Convention to determine interstate commerce

Alexander Hamilton Appointed

1789 Alexander Hamilton appointed 1st Secretary of the US Treasury

  • 1792 The French Blue gem (later the Hope Diamond) is stolen with other French crown jewels from Royal storehouse in Paris during Reign of Terror
  • 1802 France annexes the Kingdom of Piedmont
  • 1814 Battle of Lake Champlain, NY; American Navy defeats British
  • 1814 Begun on the 6th Sept, Americans defeat British at Battle of Plattsburgh during War of 1812
  • 1839 1st Canadian track and field meet held at Caer Howell Grounds

Oh! Susanna

1847 1st singing of Stephen Foster's "Oh! Susanna" (in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania)

Swedish Nightingale

1850 Opera singer Jenny Lind - "The Swedish Nightingale", gives 1st US concert, at Castle Garden in New York City, promoted by P. T. Barnum

  • 1852 Olympia Columbian is 1st newspaper published north of Columbia River
  • 1853 1st electric telegraph used - Merchant's Exchange, San Francisco to Pt Lobos, California
  • 1857 Mountain Meadows Massacre, Mormons dressed as Indians murder 120 colonists in Utah
  • 1862 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Tom Morris Sr retains his title; beats Willie Park Sr. by 3 strokes
  • 1877 Rijkslandbouwhoge school opens in Wageningen
  • 1877 Russo-Turkish War: Third Russian assault on Plevna, Ottoman Empire (now Pleven, Bulgaria), aided by Romanian forces mostly fails, although the Romanians take Grivitsa; up to 20,000 Russian and 6,000 Turk casualties
  • 1881 Triple landslides bury Elm, Switzerland
  • 1883 American architect James Cutler patents postal mail chute for Elwood Building, Rochester, New York

Editor Ambrose Bierce

1885 Ambrose Bierce finishes as editor of The Wasp magazine

  • 1885 Moses Hopkins, named minister to Liberia
  • 1886 6th America's Cup: Mayflower (NY Yacht Club) beats Galatea (Royal Northern & Clyde Yacht Club, Scotland) for 2-0 series victory
  • 1888 Death of the Argentine politician Domingo Sarmiento, after whom the Latin American Teacher's Day is chosen.
  • 1890 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: John Ball becomes first Englishman and first amateur to win the Open; beats Willie Fernie and Archie Simpson by 3 strokes
  • 1891 The Jewish Colonization Association is established by Baron Maurice de Hirsch
  • 1893 Bronx Gas & Electric Company opens on Frisby & Tremont Ave
  • 1893 First conference of the World Parliament of Religions is held in Chicago, Indian monk Swani Vivekananda gives influential speech
  • 1893 Shaku Soen is 1st Zen teacher to visit the West (Chicago)
  • 1895 FA Cup stolen in Birmingham

Kingdom of Kaffa Ends

1897 After months of pursuit, generals of Menelik II of Ethiopia capture Gaki Sherocho, the last king of Kaffa, bringing an end to that ancient kingdom

South African History

1900 President of Transvaal Paul Kruger crosses border into Mozambique

  • 1903 The first race at The Milwaukee Mile in West Allis, Wisconsin is held. The oldest major speedway in the world.


1906 Mahatma Gandhi coins the term "Satyagraha" to characterize the Non-Violence movement in South Africa.

  • 1909 German astronomer Max Wolf rediscovers Halley's comet
  • 1910 1st commercially successful electric bus line opens (Hollywood)

Baseball Record

1912 Philadelphia second baseman Eddie Collins steals MLB record 6 bases in the Athletics' 9-7 win over Detroit Tigers at Navin Field

  • 1914 Australia invades New Britain, defeating a German contingent there.

Father of the Blues

1914 W. C. Handy "Father of the Blues" publishes his most famous composition "St Louis Blues"

  • 1916 Clarence Saunders opens "Piggly Wiggly" - the 1st self-service supermarket, in Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1916 German troops conquer Kavalla, Greece
  • 1916 The Quebec Bridge's central span collapses during reconstruction, killing 11 men
  • 1918 Baseball World Series: Boston Red Sox beat Chicago Cubs, 2-1 at Fenway Park for 4-2 series win; Sox 5th WS title
  • 1919 US Marines again send troops to Honduras
  • 1921 Nahalal, the first moshav in Israel, is settled
  • 1922 Australian newspaper The Sun News-Pictorial is founded, predecessor for the Herald Sun of Melbourne
  • 1922 British mandate of Palestine begins
  • 1922 The Treaty of Kars is ratified in Yerevan, Armenia
  • 1923 After a single, Red Sox Howard Ehmke retires next 27 Yanks
  • 1923 Bernie Neis, hits the 1,000th Dodger home run
  • 1923 ZR-1 (biggest active dirigible) flies over NY's tallest skyscraper, Woolworth Tower
  • 1926 21st Davis Cup: USA beats France in Philadelphia (4-1), for their 7th straight championship
  • 1926 Aloha Tower dedicated in Honolulu
  • 1926 Spain leaves the League of Nations due to Germany joining
  • 1926 Yanks' Bob Meusel ties record with 3 sacrifice flies
  • 1927 After losing 21 in a row to NY, the Browns win their last meeting, 6-2

Baseball Record

1927 Yankees slugger Babe Ruth hits 50th home run during his MLB record 60 HR season in New York's 6-2 loss to St. Louis Browns at Yankee Stadium

  • 1928 1st ever TV drama WGY's "Queens Messenger" broadcast in the New York area starring Izetta Jewell

Sports History

1928 Ty Cobb last hitting appearance, pops out against Yankees

  • 1929 San Francisco Mayor Rolph inaugurates new pedestrian traffic light system
  • 1930 Stromboli volcano, Sicily throws 2-ton basaltic rocks 2 miles
  • 1932 Polish aviators Franciszek Żwirko (36) and Stanisław Wigura (31), international 'Challenge 1932' winners, are killed when their RWD- 6 plane crashes in a forest of Těrlicko, Czechoslovakia during a storm enroute to an air meet in Prague
  • 1933 Antwerps Sportpaleis, the largest indoor arena in Europe opens; renovated 2010-13
  • 1936 A's pitcher Horace Lisenbee gives up 26 hits in a game
  • 1937 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: American Don Budge wins first of 2 straight US titles; beats Gottfried von Cramm of Germany 6-1, 7-9, 6-1, 3-6, 6-1
  • 1937 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Anita Lizana of Chile becomes first Latin American to win a major; beats Jadwiga Jędrzejowska of Poland 6-4, 6-2
  • 1939 Battle of Kutno-pocket: Germans advance to Warsaw
  • 1939 British submarine Triton torpedoes British submarine Oxley
  • 1939 Iraq and Saudi Arabia declare war on Nazi Germany
  • 1940 -12] Buckingham Palace damaged by German bombs
  • 1940 54th US Postmaster General: Frank C. Walker of Pennsylvania takes office
  • 1940 Anton Mussert establishes Dutch SS
  • 1940 George Stibitz pioneers the first remote operation of a computer
  • 1940 Nazi Germany begins Operation Seelöwe (Sealion - aborted invasion of England)

Event of Interest

1941 Charles Lindbergh, claims the "British, Jewish and Roosevelt administration" are trying to get the US into World War II

Event of Interest

1941 Construction of the Pentagon begins in Arlington County, Virginia (completed Jan 15, 1943). Designed by architect George Bergstrom and built by contractor John McShain, construction was overseen by Leslie Groves.

Event of Interest

1941 FDR orders US Navy that any Axis ship found in American waters be shot at on sight

Five on a Treasure Island

1942 Enid Blyton publishes "Five on a Treasure Island" first of her "Famous Five" children's novels, start of one of the best-selling children's series ever with over 100 million sold

  • 1942 Transport #31 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • 1943 Allied armed forces conquer Salerno, Italy
  • 1943 Jewish ghettos of Minsk & Lida Belorussia liquidated
  • 1943 Last German Q/pirate ship sinks near Easter Island / Rapa Nui
  • 1943 US & Australian troops join in Salamaua, New Guinea
  • 1944 A reconnaissance squadron of the US 5th Armored Division "Victory Division" is 1st allied force to enter Nazi-Germany

Event of Interest

1945 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during most of World War II, attempts suicide rather than face war crimes tribunal but fails - later he is hanged

  • 1945 Physician Willem J. Kolff performs the first successful kidney dialysis using his artificial kidney machine in the Netherlands
  • 1946 1st mobile long-distance car-to-car telephone conversation
  • 1950 1st typesetting machine to dispense with metal type exhibited
  • 1950 33 die in a train crash in Coshocton, Ohio
  • 1950 Dick Tracy TV show sparks uproar concerning violence

Sports History

1951 Florence Chadwick becomes 1st woman to swim English Channel from England to France. It takes 16 hours & 19 minutes.

Music Premiere

1951 Igor Stravinsky's opera "The Rake's Progress", with libretto by W. H. Auden and Chester Kallman, premieres at the Teatro La Fenice in Venice, Italy

Treaty of Interest

1952 West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer signs a reparation pact for the Jewish people

  • 1953 KSBW TV channel 8 in Salinas-Monterey, CA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 WEHT TV channel 25 in Evansville, IN (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 1st Miss America TV broadcast; 19 year old Lee Meriwether of California crowned 27th Miss America
  • 1954 20.4 cm rainfall at Brunswick, Maine (state record)
  • 1954 KXJB TV channel 4 in Valley City (Fargo) (NBC) begins broadcasting

Sports History

1955 75th US National Championships Men's Tennis: American Tony Trabert wins his second home title; beats Ken Rosewall of Australia 9-7, 6-3, 6-3

  • 1955 Dedication of the first Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Europe, the Bern Switzerland Temple

F1 World Champion

1955 Juan Manuel Fango in a Mercedes wins season ending Italian Grand Prix at Monza to take his third Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by 17 points from Englishman Stirling Moss

  • 1955 KTVT TV channel 11 in Fort Worth-Dallas, TX (IND) begins broadcasting

US Open Women's Tennis

1955 US National Championship Women's Tennis: Defending champion Doris Hart beats Patricia Ward Hales of England 6-4, 6-2

Sports History

1956 Cincinnati Reds outfielder Frank Robinson ties rookie record with his 38th HR

Baseball Record

1956 New York Yankees Yogi Berra ties career record for HRs (236) by a catcher

  • 1956 Vladimir Kuts runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
  • 1958 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1959 Baltimore starter Jerry Walker pitches all 16 innings as the Orioles edge the Chicago White Sox, 1-0 at Memorial Stadium

Music History

1959 Composer and jazz orchestra leader Duke Ellington wins NAACP's Springarn Medal for his musical achievements

  • 1959 Congress passes a bill authorizing food stamps for poor Americans
  • 1959 Elroy Face's 22 game winning streak ends as Dodgers beat Pirates 5-4
  • 1960 17th Olympic games close in Rome Italy
  • 1960 The Young Americans for Freedom, meeting at home of William F. Buckley, Jr., promulgate the Sharon Statement
  • 1961 Founding of the World Wildlife Fund in Morges, Switzerland
  • 1961 Hurricane Carla strikes near Port O'Connor, Texas with winds of 175 mph
  • 1962 Beatles record "Love Me Do", "PS I Love You", and a slow version of "Please, Please Me" ,with session player Andy White on drums; Ringo relegated to tambourine
  • 1962 KVCR TV channel 24 in San Bernardino, CA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1963 Typhoon Gloria strikes Taiwan killing 330, with $17.5 million damage

Music History

1964 Beatles guitarist George Harrison forms Mornyork Ltd music publishing company

  • 1964 Gillette's 20 year contract with Madison Square Garden & ABC to televise fights for free ends as Dick Tiger defeats Don Fullmer at Cleve Auditorium
  • 1965 Beatles' "Help!" album goes #1 & stays #1 for 9 weeks
  • 1965 Braves 2nd straight one-hitter against the Mets
  • 1965 The 1st Cavalry Division of the United States Army arrives in Vietnam
  • 1966 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1966 Johnny Miller becomes 1st New York Yankee to hit a HR on his 1st MLB at bat; his 2nd HR came on his final MLB at bat in 1969

TV Show Appearance

1966 Rolling Stones 4th appearance on "The Ed Sullivan Show"; perform 3 songs, including "Paint It Black"

The Carol Burnett Show

1967 "The Carol Burnett Show" starring Carol Burnett premieres on CBS-TV in the US

  • 1967 A's drop grievance filed with National Labor Relations against C Finley
  • 1967 Beatles' Magical Mystery Tour begins with a bus driven somewhat aimlessly around western England

Event of Interest

1967 French President Charles de Gaulle visits Poland

  • 1967 Indian/Chinese border fights
  • 1967 US Surveyor 5 makes 1st chemical analysis of lunar material
  • 1967 WSRE TV channel 23 in Pensacola, FL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 WUNE TV channel 17 in Linville, NC (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 WUNF TV channel 33 in Asheville, NC (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 WUNG TV channel 58 in Concord, NC (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 Air France Flight 1611 crashes off Nice, France, killing 89 passengers and 6 crew.
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Music History

1970 American rock guitar legend Jimi Hendrix gives what becomes his final interview with NME's Keith Allston, in England

  • 1970 Ford Motor Company introduces its first North American subcompact model - the Pinto
  • 1970 Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine members release majority of 310 hostages from the Dawson's Field hijackings, near Zarqa, Jordan; 56 hostages, mostly Jews and Israeli citizens, are held until September 25
  • 1971 Egypt adopts its constitution
  • 1971 Laurel Lea Schaefer (Ohio), 22, crowned 44th Miss America 1972

Musical Finale

1971 Richard Rodgers and Martin Charnin's musical "Two by Two", starring Danny Kaye, closes at Imperial Theater, NYC, after 343 performances

  • 1971 US Open Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: In an all-American final Billie Jean King beats doubles partner Rosemary Casals 6-4, 7-6
  • 1972 BART begins service with a 26-mi (42-km) line from Oakland to Fremont
  • 1972 XX Summer Olympic Games close in Munich, German FR

Coup d'état

1973 Chilean President Salvador Allende, the 1st elected Marxist president of a South America country, is deposed in a military coup led by general Augusto Pinochet

  • 1974 Cards beat Mets, 4-3, in 25 (7h4m), record 202 plate appearances, Félix Millán & John Milner come to bat 12 times each
  • 1976 Dorothy Kathleen Benham (Minn), 20, crowned 49th Miss America 1977
  • 1976 Minnie Minoso bats for White Sox after a 12-year hiatus (hitless)
  • 1976 US Open Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Chris Evert retains her title; dominates Evonne Goolagong Cawley of Australia 6-3, 6-0

Emmy Awards

1977 29th Emmy Awards: "The Mary Tyler Moore Show", Carroll O'Connor & Bea Arthur win; "The Mary Tyler Moore Show" accumulates a then record 29 awards over its 7 season run

Music History

1977 American crooner Bing Crosby and British singer David Bowie record duet "Peace on Earth/Little Drummer Boy" at ATV Elstree Studios near London for television special "Bing Crosby's Merrie Olde Christmas"

The Atari 2600

1977 The Atari 2600, originally known as the Atari Video Computer System (Atari VCS) is released in North America, revolutionizing the video game industry

US Men's Tennis Open

1977 US Open Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Guillermo Vilas becomes the only Argentine to win US title; beats Jimmy Connors 2-6, 6-3, 7-6, 6-0; final time event played at West Side Tennis Club

  • 1978 The last known person dies of smallpox - medical photographer Janet Parker through infection in a laboratory, in Birmingham, England
  • 1980 Chile adopts its constitution
  • 1980 Ron LeFlore (91st) & Rodney Scott (58th), set teammate steal record
  • 1981 2nd government of Van Agt forms in Netherlands
  • 1982 Debbie Maffett (California), 25, crowned 55th Miss America 1983
  • 1982 US Open Women's Tennis: Chris Evert wins her 6th and final US title, beating Hana Mandlíková 6-3, 6-1
  • 1983 Pittsburgh running back Franco Harris runs for 118 yards in Steelers 25-21 win at Green Bay to become the only the third player in NFL history to rush for 11,000 yards
  • 1983 US Open Men's Tennis: American Jimmy Connors retains title; repeats previous year's win over Czech Ivan Lendl 6-3, 6-7, 7-5, 6-0
  • 1983 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1985 Intl Cometary Explorer (ISEE 3) passes Giacobini-Zinner by 7900 km

Sports History

1985 Pete Rose of Cincinnati Reds gets career hit 4,192 off Eric Show of San Diego Padres, eclipsing Ty Cobb's record

  • 1985 Sri Lanka score their 1st Test Cricket victory, by 149 runs v India
  • 1986 Dow Jones Industrial Avg suffered biggest 1-day decline ever, plummeting 86.61 points to 1,792.89. 237.57 million shares traded

Event of Interest

1986 Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak receives Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres

  • 1986 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Video Music Awards

1987 4th MTV Video Music Awards: Peter Gabriel wins (many times)

  • 1987 Shoot out at Jean-Bertrand Aristides' church in Haiti, 12 die
  • 1988 1/3 of population argues for Estonia autonomy
  • 1988 Lost steamship 'the Ship of Gold' SS Central America, sunk in 1857, rediscovered in waters off North Carolina by group led by Tommy Gregory Thompson using Bayesian search theory [1]
  • 1988 Sports Aid-jogging to feed the world
  • 1988 US Open Men's Tennis: Mats Wilander of Sweden wins his only US title and 7th & final Grand Slam event; beats Ivan Lendl 6-4, 4-6, 6-3, 5-7, 6-4 in the longest final in event's history
  • 1989 Drexel formally pleads guilty to security fraud
  • 1989 KSO-AM in Des Moines Iowa changes call letters to KGGO