Historical Events on September 12

Events 1 - 200 of 235

  • 490 BC Traditional date of the Battle of Marathon, where a small Athenian force defeats the Persian Empire
  • 1015 Henry I becomes Count of Leuven
  • 1213 Battle at Muret: Crusade of Simon de Montfort beat Pedro II of Aragon
  • 1217 French prince Louis & English King Henry III sign peace treaty
  • 1229 The Aragonese army under the command of James I of Aragon disembarks at Santa Ponça, Majorca, with the purpose of conquering the island.
  • 1396 Crusaders under earl of Nevers reaches Nicopolis

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1543 Treaty of Venlo signed by Duke Willem of Gulik and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V during Italian Wars

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1556 Emperor Charles abdicates in favour of his brother Ferdinand I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1624 1st submarine publicly tested in London on the Thames for King James I

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1635 Sweden & Poland sign ceasefire Treaty of Stuhmsdorf
  • 1639 Viceroy Thomas Wentworth sails back to England
  • 1662 John Flamsteed sees partial solar eclipse, stirs his interest in astronomy
  • 1673 Prince Willem III occupies Naarden
  • 1683 Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna - several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire
  • 1695 New York Jews petition governor Dongan for religious liberties
  • 1703 Emperor Leopold I ends contacts on Spanish heritage

  • 1703 English army under arch duke Charles of Austria lands in Portugal
  • 1720 Isaak of Hoornbeek elected Dutch pension advisor
  • 1722 Russian troops occupy Baku & Derbent in Persia
  • 1733 Polish Landowners select Stanislaw Lesczynski king
  • 1751 Amsterdam refuses establishment of Jewish ghetto

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1755 Giacomo Casanova is sentenced to 5 years imprisonment in Venice without trial for affront to religion and common decency

Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover Giacomo Casanova
Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover
Giacomo Casanova
  • 1758 French astronomer Charles Messier mistakenly identifies the Crab Nebula so begins his Messier Catalogue
  • 1759 British soldiers capture the town of Quebec.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 Nathan Hale leaves Harlem Heights Camp (127th St) for spy mission

US Patriot and Soldier Nathan Hale
US Patriot and Soldier
Nathan Hale

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1787 American statesman George Mason suggests the addition of a Bill of Rights to the Constitution modeled on previous state declarations, but the motion is defeated

American Statesman George Mason
American Statesman
George Mason
  • 1814 Battle of North Point fought near Baltimore during War of 1812
  • 1829 Greek War of Independence ends after 8 years and 6 months
  • 1847 Mexican-American War: the Battle of Chapultepec begins.
  • 1848 Switzerland becomes a Federal state.
  • 1857 423 die when "Central America" sinks off Cape Romain SC
  • 1862 Battle of Harpers Ferry VA
  • 1867 2nd synagogue in Curacao, Emanu-El of Willemstad, inaugurated
  • 1874 1874 The District of Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada is founded.
  • 1876 King Leopold II opens Congo-conference
  • 1878 Cleopatra Needle installed in London
  • 1882 Belgian King Leopold II receives Pierre de Brazza
  • 1885 Highest score (35) recorded in any 1st-class soccer match is set
  • 1888 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Greek Interpreter" (BG)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Cecil Rhodes' colonists found Fort Salisbury (now Harare, Zimbabwe)

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1895 Defender (US) beats Valkyrie III (England) in 10th America's Cup

  • 1895 Annie Londonderry [Annie Kopchovsky] completes the first round-the-world trip by a woman on a bicycle in 15 months and collects her $10,000 prize
  • 1897 Tirah Campaign: Battle of Saragarhi
  • 1901 Arabs attack Gedara Palestine
  • 1906 The Newport Transporter Bridge is opened in Newport, South Wales by Viscount Tredegar.
  • 1908 Canada appoints a Civil Service Commission, initiating a more equitable system for selecting civil servants
  • 1909 World's first patent for synthetic rubber granted to German chemist Fritz Hofmann
  • 1910 Gustav Mahler's 8th Symphony premieres in Munich with 1028 musicians
  • 1910 United States' 1st known female cop appointed, Alice Stebbins Wells by LAPD

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Boston's Cy Young vs Christy Mathewson of Giants, Giants win 9-0

MLB Pitcher Cy Young
MLB Pitcher
Cy Young
  • 1912 Dutch Olympian Committee forms (NOC)
  • 1914 Yankee shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh, 23, becomes youngest manager
  • 1918 WWI: US forces launch an attack on German-occupied St Mihiel
  • 1919 The poet Gabriele D'Annunzio organizes a militant nationalist group and takes Fiume (Rijeka) for Italy

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1919 Adolf Hitler joins the obscure German Worker's Party as its seventh member, agreeing not with worker's rights, but with its German Nationalism and antisemitism

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1920 7th Olympic games close in Antwerp Belgium

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1922 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 5000m (14:35.4)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1923 Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
  • 1925 20th Davis Cup: USA beats France in Philadelphia (5-0)
  • 1927 Sigmund Romberg's musical "My Maryland," premieres in NYC
  • 1928 -17] Hurricane in Florida, kills 6,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Katharine Hepburn's NYC stage debut in "Night Hostess"

  • 1930 Brooklyn catcher Al Lopez hits major league's last recorded bounce HR
  • 1932 Bkln Dodger Johnny Frederick hits his record 6th pinch hit HR
  • 1932 German government of Papen falls/Reichstag dissolved
  • 1933 Alejandro Lerroux forms new Spanish government
  • 1933 Dutch parliament accepts ban on uniforms
  • 1933 Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives idea of a nuclear chain reaction
  • 1934 Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania signs Baltic Entente, against USSR
  • 1934 "L'Atalante", French film directed by Jean Vigo, starring Michel Simon, Dita Parlo and Jean Dasté, is released
  • 1934 US National Championship Men's Tennis: Englishman Fred Perry retains title; beats Wilmer Allison of the US 6-4, 6-3, 1-6, 8-6

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Millionaire Howard Hughes flies his own designed plane at 352.46 mph

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • 1935 55th U.S. Men's National Championship: Wilmer Allison beats Sidney Wood (6-2, 6-2, 6-3)
  • 1936 US National Championship Men's Tennis: Englishman Fred Perry wins his 8th and final Grand Slam event before turning pro; beats American Don Budge 2-6, 6-2, 8-6, 1-6, 10-8

Sport awardTennis Open

1936 50th U.S. Women's National Championship: Alice Marble beats Helen Jacobs (4-6, 6-3, 6-2)

Tennis Champion Alice Marble
Tennis Champion
Alice Marble
  • 1938 Adolf Hitler demands self-determination for Sudeten Germans in Czech
  • 1940 49 die & 200 injured when Hercules Powder Co plant explodes (NJ)
  • 1940 Italian troops enter Egypt
  • 1940 4 teens, following their dog down a hole near Lascaux France discover 17,000-year-old drawings now known as Lascaux Cave Paintings
  • 1941 1st German ship in WW II captured by US ship (Busko)
  • 1942 Battle of Edson's Ridge begins at Guadalcanal
  • 1942 Free-Poland & Belgium asks pope to condemn nazi-war crimes
  • 1943 Free French lands on Corsica

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Waffen-SS (Skorzeny) frees Benito Mussolini at Gran Sasso

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1944 -16] Hurricane, kills 389 in NC
  • 1944 Noorbeek & Mheer freed
  • 1944 US Army troops entered Germany for 1st time
  • 1946 Court martial convicts Henry de Man to 20 years, in Brussels
  • 1947 Pirate Ralph Kiner hits his record 8th HR in 4 games
  • 1948 Invasion of the State of Hyderabad by the Indian Army on the day after the Pakistani leader Jinnah's death.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1949 Theodor Heuss elected 1st President of the German Federal Republic (West Germany) with Konrad Adenauer the 1st Prime Minister

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1950 Belgian government dismisses all communist civil servants
  • 1952 Noel Coward's "Quadrille," premieres in London
  • 1953 "Carnival in Flanders" closes at New Century Theater NYC after 6 performances
  • 1953 Brooklyn Dodgers clinch NL pennant earlier than any other team, defeating Milwaukee Braves 105-49
  • 1954 Indians sweep Yanks at Municipal Stadium; largest AL crowd (86,563)
  • 1954 WLBZ TV channel 2 in Bangor, ME (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 White Sox win 90th game, 1st time they win this many since 1920
  • 1955 KNTV TV channel 11 in San Jose, CA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Black students enter & are barred from Clay Ky elementary school
  • 1957 Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus visits US
  • 1958 US Supreme Court orders the all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas to integrate
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Jack Kilby demonstrates his first integrated circuit (IC) to his supervisor

Engineer Jack Kilby
Jack Kilby
  • 1959 "Bonanza" premieres on NBC-TV
  • 1959 Janos Kádár becomes premier of Hungary
  • 1959 Luna 2 launched by USSR; 1st spacecraft to impact on the Moon
  • 1960 "Vintage '60" opens at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC for 8 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 John F. Kennedy avers he does not speak for the Roman Catholic Church, and neither does the Church speak for him.

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1961 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 34,840 m
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

  • 1962 Wash Senator Tom Cheney strikes out record 21 Orioles in 16 inn game
  • 1963 WHYY TV channel 12 in Wilmington, DE (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1964 1st football game at Shea Stadium, Jets defeat Denver 30-6
  • 1964 Ralph Boston of US, sets then long jump record at 27' 4½"
  • 1964 Canyonlands National Park is designated as a National Park.

Film release premierFilm Premier

1964 Film that started Spaghetti Western genre "A Fistful of Dollars" premieres, directed by Sergio Leone, starring Clint Eastwood in his first leading role

Actor and Director Clint Eastwood
Actor and Director
Clint Eastwood
  • 1965 Hurricane Betsy strikes Florida & Louisiana kills 75
  • 1965 WCEE TV channel 23 in Rockford, IL (CBS) begins broadcasting

Film tv awardsTelevision Awards

1965 17th Emmy Awards: "The Dick Van Dyke Show" & Dick Van Dyke win

Actor, Comedian, Writer and Director Carl Reiner
Actor, Comedian, Writer and Director
Carl Reiner
  • 1965 85th U.S. Men's National Championship: Manuel Santana beats Cliff Drysdale (6-2, 7-9, 7-5, 6-1)
  • 1965 US National Championship Women's Tennis: Margaret Smith wins her 2nd of 5 US singles titles; beats American rival Billie Jean Moffitt 8-6, 7-5
  • 1966 "Monkees" premieres on NBC-TV
  • 1966 Gemini XI (Charles Conrad & R Gordon) launched for 71-hour flight
  • 1966 KPNE TV channel 9 in North Platte, NB (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1966 WCES TV channel 20 in Wrens, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1966 WUSF TV channel 16 in Tampa-St Petersburg, FL (PBS) 1st broadcast
  • 1966 Washtenaw Community College in Ann Arbor Mich begins teaching
  • 1966 US National Championships Men's Tennis: In an all-Australian final Fred Stolle beats John Newcombe 4-6, 12-10, 6-3, 6-4
  • 1966 US National Championship Women's Tennis: Maria Bueno of Brazil beats American Nancy Richey 6-3, 6-1 for her 7th and final Grand Slam singles crown
  • 1968 Albania announces it is withdrawing from the Warsaw Pact
  • 1970 Soviet unmanned spacecraft Luna 16 launched to the moon
  • 1970 Phyllis Ann George (Texas), 21, crowned 43rd Miss America 1971
  • 1970 Supersonic airliner Concorde lands for the 1st time at Heathrow airport
  • 1970 US LSD professor Timothy Leary escapes from California jail
  • 1970 Palestinian terrorists blow up three hijacked airliners in Jordan, continuing to hold the passengers hostage in various undisclosed locations in Amman.
  • 1971 US Open Men's Tennis: Stan Smith wins first career Grand Slam event; beats Czech star Jan Kodeš 3-6, 6-3, 6-2, 7-6
  • 1972 Lord Michael Killanin succeeds Avery Brundage as head of Olympics
  • 1973 2 bettors win largest US Daily Double ($19,909.60 in Detroit)
  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

BattleCoup d'état

1974 Coup overthrows Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie on Ethiopia's national day

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie
  • 1974 Jeff "Skunk" Baxter joins Doobie Brothers
  • 1976 Seattle Seahawks play 1st regular-season game (St L 30, Sea 24)
  • 1976 US Open Men's Tennis : Jimmy Connors wins his second US title; beats Björn Borg of Sweden 6-4, 3-6, 7-6, 6-4
  • 1977 Anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko dies in police custody from his injuries after being beaten and tortured by police

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Fidel Castro visits Addis Abba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro

Appears on tv showTelevision Premiere

1978 Situation comedy "Taxi" premieres on ABC television starring Judd Hirsch, Jeff Conaway, Danny Devito

  • 1979 Hurricane Frederick hits Mobile Alabama; 5 die & $23 million damage
  • 1979 Indiana Pacers cut Ann Meyers, 1st woman on an NBA club

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1979 Carl Yastrzemski gets his 3,000th hit off NY Yankee Jim Beattie

MLB Outfielder Carl Yastrzemski
MLB Outfielder
Carl Yastrzemski
  • 1979 Indonesia is hit with an earthquake that measures 8.1 on the Richter scale.

  • 1980 Military coup under General Kenan Evren in Turkey
  • 1981 Elizabeth Ward (Arkansas), 20, crowned 54th Miss America 1982
  • 1981 Red Sox rookie Bob Ojeda no-hits Yanks for 8 innings before Rick Cerone & Dave Winfield lead off 9th with back-to-back doubles
  • 1981 US Open Women's Tennis: Tracy Austin wins her second US title; beats Martina Navratilova 1-6, 7-6, 7-6

Television DebutThe Smurfs TV Debut

1981 "The Smurfs" animated cartoon series by Hanna-Barbera first broadcasts in North America
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  • 1982 Gerard Nijboer (2:15:16) & Rosa Mota (2:36:04) win marathon
  • 1982 Sandra Spuzich wins LPGA Mary Kay Golf Classic
  • 1982 US Open Men's Tennis: Jimmy Connors wins his 4th US title; beats Czech star Ivan Lendl 6-3, 6-2, 4-6, 6-4
  • 1983 Albert Rizzo trod water at sea for 108 hours 9 minutes
  • 1983 Security guard Victor Gerena robs West Hartford company of $7 million
  • 1983 USSR vetoes UN resolution deploring its shooting down of Korean plane
  • 1984 Country singer Barbara Mandrell is badly injured in a car accident
  • 1984 Cyndi Lauper sings "She-Bop" on Tonight Show
  • 1984 Ethiopia forms socialist republic
  • 1984 NY Met Dwight Gooden sets rookie strike out record at 251
  • 1985 Flight readiness firing of Atlantis' main engines; 20 seconds
  • 1986 240.49 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1986 Twins fire manager Ray Miller & replace him with coach Tom Kelly
  • 1986 US professor Joseph Cicippio is kidnapped & held hostage in Beirut
  • 1986 Limited U.S. premiere of film adaptation of Marsha Norman's play "'Night, Mother"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 "Blue Velvet" directed by David Lynch, Starring Isabella Rossellini, Kyle MacLachlan and Dennis Hopper debuts in Toronto

  • 1987 Ethiopia adopts constitution
  • 1987 Vince Coleman steals his 100th base for 3rd straight year
  • 1988 1st NFL regular-season game played in Phoenix; Cowboys beat Card
  • 1988 Gilbert, strongest hurricane ever (160 mph), devastates Jamaica
  • 1990 "Les Miserables," opens at Cirkus Theater, Stockholm
  • 1990 US, United Kingdom, France, USSR, East & West Germanys sign agreements allowing 2 Germanys to merge

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Nolan Ryan's 4-3 victory over Twins is his 312th career win

MLB Pitching Legend Nolan Ryan
MLB Pitching Legend
Nolan Ryan
  • 1991 Space shuttle STS 48 (Discovery 14) launched
  • 1992 Hurricane Inuki pounds Hawaii
  • 1992 STS-47 (Endeavour 2) launches

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Stefan Edberg beats Michael Chang 6-7, 7-5, 7-6, 5-7, 6-4 in the longest match in US Open history (5 hours, 26 minutes)

Tennis Player and French Open Champion Michael Chang
Tennis Player and French Open Champion
Michael Chang

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Mae Jemison is the 1st African American woman to go into space (aboard Endeavour STS-47)

Astronaut and Physician Mae Jemison
Astronaut and Physician
Mae Jemison
  • 1992 US Open Women's Tennis: Monica Seles retains her title; beats Arantxa Sánchez Vicario of Spain 6-3, 6-3
  • 1993 Donna Andrews wins Ping-Cellular One LPGA Golf Championship
  • 1993 Wang Junxia runs a women's 3000 m world record (8:12.29) at the Chinese National Games
  • 1993 Paul Molitor at 37 is oldest to reach 100 RBIs for 1st time in career
  • 1993 STS-51 (Discovery) launches into orbit
  • 1993 US Open Men's Tennis: Pete Sampras wins his second US title; beats Frenchman Cédric Pioline 6-4, 6-4, 6-3
  • 1994 Frank Eugene Corder crashes a Cessna plane into the south lawn of the White House, killing himself
  • 1994 Country singer George Jones undergoes triple bypass surgery
  • 1994 Parti Québécois wins parliamentary election

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 INXS' Michael Hutchence pleads guilty to punching a photographer

  • 1995 Belarus military shoots down a hydrogen balloon, killing its two American pilots.
  • 1997 NY Met John Olerud hits for the cycle
  • 1997 The UN passes a resolution allowing Iraq to reach the $2.14 billion oil sales limit under its oil-for-food program
  • 1998 US Open Women's Tennis: Lindsay Davenport wins her first career Grand Slam title; beats defending champion Martina Hingis 6-3, 7-5
  • 1999 Indonesia announces it will allow international peace-keepers into East Timor.
  • 1999 51st Emmy Awards: The Practice, Ally McBeal, Dennis Franz & Edie Falco win