On This Day

Historical Events on September 12

Victory in Battle

490 BC Traditional date of the Battle of Marathon, where a small Athenian force defeats the Persian Empire

  • 1015 Henry I becomes Count of Leuven
  • 1213 Battle at Muret: Crusade of Simon de Montfort beat Pedro II of Aragon
  • 1217 French prince Louis & English King Henry III sign peace treaty
  • 1229 Aragonese army led by James I of Aragon disembarks at Santa Ponça, Majorca, to conquer the island
  • 1396 Crusaders under earl of Nevers reaches Nicopolis

Treaty of Interest

1543 Treaty of Venlo signed by Duke Willem of Gulik and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V during Italian Wars

  • 1556 Emperor Charles abdicates in favour of his brother Ferdinand I

Historic Event

1624 1st submarine publicly tested in London on the Thames for King James I

  • 1635 Sweden & Poland sign ceasefire Treaty of Stuhmsdorf
  • 1639 Viceroy Thomas Wentworth sails back to England

Historic Event

1662 John Flamsteed sees partial solar eclipse, stirs his interest in astronomy

  • 1673 Prince Willem III occupies Naarden
  • 1683 Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna - several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire
  • 1695 New York Jews petition governor Dongan for religious liberties
  • 1703 Emperor Leopold I ends contacts on Spanish heritage
  • 1703 English army under arch duke Charles of Austria lands in Portugal
  • 1720 Isaak of Hoornbeek elected Dutch pension advisor
  • 1722 Russian troops occupy Baku & Derbent in Persia
  • 1733 Polish Landowners select Stanislaw Lesczynski king
  • 1751 Amsterdam refuses establishment of Jewish ghetto

Historic Event

1755 Giacomo Casanova is sentenced to 5 years imprisonment in Venice without trial for affront to religion and common decency

Historic Event

1758 French astronomer Charles Messier mistakenly identifies the Crab Nebula so begins his Messier Catalogue

  • 1759 British soldiers capture the town of Quebec.

Historic Event

1776 Nathan Hale leaves Harlem Heights Camp (127th St) for spy mission

Bill of Rights

1787 American statesman George Mason suggests the addition of a Bill of Rights to the Constitution modeled on previous state declarations, but the motion is defeated

Historic Publication

1789 Jean-Paul Marat publishes the first issue of his radical newspaper Le Publiciste parisien, later called L'Ami du peuple (The Friend of the People) in Paris

Mutiny On The Bounty

1792 Court martial begins for instigators of the mutiny on the Bounty on board HMS Duke in Portsmouth harbour, presided over by Vice-Admiral Samuel Hood

  • 1814 Battle of North Point fought near Baltimore during War of 1812
  • 1824 Moreton Bay Penal Settlement established at Redcliffe, Queensland, with about 30 convicts (modern Brisbane, Australia) [1]
  • 1829 Greek War of Independence ends after 8 years and 6 months
  • 1847 Mexican–American War: the Battle of Chapultepec begins.
  • 1848 Switzerland becomes a Federal state.
  • 1857 423 die when "Central America" sinks off Cape Romain SC
  • 1862 Battle of Harpers Ferry VA
  • 1867 2nd synagogue in Curacao, Emanu-El of Willemstad, inaugurated
  • 1874 1874 The District of Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada is founded.
  • 1876 King Leopold II opens Congo-conference
  • 1878 Cleopatra Needle installed in London
  • 1882 Belgian King Leopold II receives Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza
  • 1885 Highest score (35) recorded in any 1st-class soccer match is set

Historic Event

1890 Cecil Rhodes' colonists found Fort Salisbury (now Harare, Zimbabwe)

  • 1895 Defender (US) beats Valkyrie III (England) in 10th America's Cup
  • 1895 Annie Londonderry [Annie Kopchovsky] arrives in Chicago to complete first round-the-world trip by a woman on a bicycle in 15 months and collects her $10,000 prize
  • 1897 Battle of Saragarhi: Thousands of Orakzai and Afridi tribesmen overwhelm and kill at great cost to themselves 21 British Raj Sikh Soldiers led by Havildar Ishar Singh at Tirah, North-West Frontier Province, British India
  • 1901 Arabs attack Gedara Palestine
  • 1906 The Newport Transporter Bridge is opened in Newport, South Wales by Viscount Tredegar.
  • 1908 Canada appoints a Civil Service Commission, initiating a more equitable system for selecting civil servants
  • 1909 World's first patent for synthetic rubber granted to German chemist Fritz Hofmann
  • 1910 Gustav Mahler's 8th Symphony ("Symphony of A Thousand") premieres in Munich with 1028 musicians
  • 1910 United States' 1st known female cop appointed, Alice Stebbins Wells by LAPD

Sports History

1911 Future Baseball Hall of Fame pitchers dual for final time; Boston Rustlers' Cy Young vs Christy Mathewson of the Giants; NY wins, 11-2

  • 1912 Dutch Olympian Committee forms (NOC)
  • 1914 Yankee shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh, 23, becomes youngest manager
  • 1918 WWI: US forces launch an attack on German-occupied St Mihiel
  • 1919 The poet Gabriele D'Annunzio organizes a militant nationalist group and takes Fiume (Rijeka) for Italy

Agreement of Interest

1919 Adolf Hitler joins the obscure German Worker's Party as its seventh member, agreeing not with worker's rights, but with its German Nationalism and antisemitism

  • 1920 VII Summer Olympic Games close in Antwerp, Belgium

World Record

1922 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 5000m (14:35.4)

  • 1923 Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
  • 1924 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Philadelphia, PA: Bill Johnston & Bill Tilden clinch US 5th straight title beating Australians Pat O'Hara Wood & Gerald Patterson 5-7, 6-3, 6-4, 6-1 for 3-0 lead; ends 5-0
  • 1925 20th Davis Cup: USA beats France in Philadelphia (5-0)
  • 1925 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Philadelphia, PA: Vincent Richards & R. Norris Williams clinch US 6th straight title; beat Jean Borotra & René Lacoste of France 6-4, 6-4, 6-3 for 3-0 lead; ends 5-0
  • 1927 Sigmund Romberg's musical "My Maryland," premieres in NYC
  • 1928 -17] Hurricane in Florida, kills 6,000

Film & TV History

1928 Katharine Hepburn's NYC stage debut in "Night Hostess"

  • 1930 Brooklyn catcher Al López hits major league's last recorded bounce HR
  • 1932 Bkln Dodger Johnny Frederick hits his record 6th pinch hit HR
  • 1932 German government of Papen falls/Reichstag dissolved
  • 1933 Alejandro Lerroux forms new Spanish government
  • 1933 Dutch parliament accepts ban on uniforms

Historic Event

1933 Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives idea of a nuclear chain reaction

  • 1934 Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania signs Baltic Entente, against USSR
  • 1934 "L'Atalante", French film directed by Jean Vigo, starring Michel Simon, Dita Parlo and Jean Dasté, is released
  • 1934 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Englishman Fred Perry retains title; beats Wilmer Allison of the US 6-4, 6-3, 1-6, 8-6

Historic Event

1935 Millionaire Howard Hughes flies his own designed plane at 352.46 mph

  • 1935 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Wilmer Allison beats Sidney Wood 6-2, 6-2, 6-3 for his lone major singles title
  • 1935 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Helen Jacobs beats Sarah Palfrey Cooke 6-2, 6-4 for her 4th consecutive US singles title
  • 1936 US National Championship Men's Tennis: Englishman Fred Perry wins his 8th and final Grand Slam event before turning pro; beats American Don Budge 2-6, 6-2, 8-6, 1-6, 10-8

US Open Women's Tennis

1936 50th US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: #3 seed Alice Marble beats top seeded fellow American Helen Jacobs 4-6, 6-3, 6-2

  • 1938 Adolf Hitler demands self-determination for Sudeten Germans in Czech
  • 1940 49 die & 200 injured when Hercules Powder Co plant explodes (NJ)
  • 1940 Italian troops enter Egypt

Dog Unearths Cave of Antiquity

1940 Four teens, following their dog down a hole near Lascaux, France discover 17,000 year old drawings now known as the Lascaux Cave Paintings

  • 1941 1st German ship in WW II captured by US ship (Busko)
  • 1942 Battle of Edson's Ridge begins at Guadalcanal
  • 1942 Free-Poland & Belgium asks pope to condemn nazi-war crimes
  • 1943 Free French lands on Corsica

Historic Event

1943 Waffen-SS (Skorzeny) frees Benito Mussolini at Gran Sasso

Conference of Interest

1944 Second Quebec Conference: Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and the Combined Chiefs of Staff meet in Quebec City, Canada to discuss Allied occupation zones, the Morgenthau Plan, U.S. Lend-Lease aid to Britain and the role of the Royal Navy

  • 1944 Noorbeek becomes the first liberated community in the Netherlands during World War II
  • 1944 US Army troops enter Germany for 1st time
  • 1946 Court martial convicts Henry de Man to 20 years, in Brussels
  • 1947 Pittsburgh's future Baseball HOF left fielder Ralph Kiner hits 2 HRs in Pirates' 4-3 win over the Boston Braves at Forbes Field; record 8th HR in 4 games

Historic Event

1948 Indian Army Invades the State of Hyderabad a day after Pakistani leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah passes away

Election of Interest

1949 Theodor Heuss elected 1st President of the German Federal Republic (West Germany) with Konrad Adenauer the 1st Prime Minister

  • 1950 Belgian government dismisses all communist civil servants

Music History

1952 Noël Coward's "Quadrille," premieres in London

  • 1953 "Carnival in Flanders" closes at New Century Theater NYC after 6 performances
  • 1953 Brooklyn Dodgers clinch NL pennant earlier than any other team, defeating Milwaukee Braves 5-2. Brooklyn finishes season with record of 105-49.
  • 1954 Indians sweep Yanks at Municipal Stadium; largest AL crowd (86,563)
  • 1954 WLBZ TV channel 2 in Bangor, ME (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 White Sox win 90th game, 1st time they win this many since 1920
  • 1955 KNTV TV channel 11 in San Jose, CA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Black students enter & are barred from Clay Ky elementary school
  • 1957 Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus visits US

Little Rock Crisis

1958 US Supreme Court orders the all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas to integrate

  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

1958 Jack Kilby demonstrates his first integrated circuit (IC) to his supervisor

  • 1959 "Bonanza" premieres on NBC-TV
  • 1959 Janos Kádár becomes premier of Hungary
  • 1959 Luna 2 launched by USSR; 1st spacecraft to impact on the Moon
  • 1960 "Vintage '60" opens at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC for 8 performances

Historic Event

1960 John F. Kennedy avers he does not speak for the Roman Catholic Church, and neither does the Church speak for him.

Historic Event

1961 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A. Walker takes X-15 to 34,840 m

  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 Wash Senator Tom Cheney strikes out record 21 Orioles in 16 inn game
  • 1963 WHYY TV channel 12 in Wilmington, DE (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1964 1st football game at Shea Stadium, Jets defeat Denver 30-6
  • 1964 Ralph Boston of US, sets then long jump record at 27' 4½"
  • 1964 Canyonlands National Park is designated as a National Park.

Film Premier

1964 Film that started Spaghetti Western genre "A Fistful of Dollars" premieres, directed by Sergio Leone, starring Clint Eastwood in his first leading role

  • 1965 Hurricane Betsy strikes Florida & Louisiana kills 75
  • 1965 WCEE TV channel 23 in Rockford, IL (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1965 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Spaniard Manuel Santana beats Cliff Drysdale of South Africa 6-2, 7-9, 7-5, 6-1 for his lone US singles crown
  • 1965 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Australian Margaret Smith wins her second of 5 US singles titles; beats American rival Billie Jean Moffitt 8-6, 7-5
  • 1966 "Monkees" premieres on NBC-TV
  • 1966 Gemini XI with Charles "Pete" Conrad and Richard F. Gordon aboard launched for 71-hour flight
  • 1966 KPNE TV channel 9 in North Platte, NB (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1966 WCES TV channel 20 in Wrens, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1966 WUSF TV channel 16 in Tampa-St Petersburg, FL (PBS) 1st broadcast
  • 1966 Washtenaw Community College in Ann Arbor Mich begins teaching
  • 1966 US National Championships Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: In an all-Australian final Fred Stolle beats John Newcombe 4-6, 12-10, 6-3, 6-4; his second and final major singles title

US Open Women's Tennis

1966 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Maria Bueno of Brazil beats American Nancy Richey 6-3, 6-1 for her 7th and final Grand Slam singles crown

  • 1968 Albania announces it is withdrawing from the Warsaw Pact
  • 1970 Soviet unmanned spacecraft Luna 16 launched to the moon
  • 1970 Phyllis Ann George (Texas), 21, crowned 43rd Miss America 1971
  • 1970 Supersonic airliner Concorde lands for the 1st time at Heathrow airport
  • 1970 US LSD professor Timothy Leary escapes from California jail
  • 1970 Palestinian terrorists blow up three hijacked airliners in Jordan, continuing to hold the passengers hostage in various undisclosed locations in Amman.

US Open Women's Tennis

1970 US Open Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Margaret Court of Australia completes Grand Slam; beats American Rosemary Casals 6-2, 2-6, 6-1

  • 1971 US Open Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: American Stan Smith wins first career Grand Slam event; beats Czech star Jan Kodeš 3-6, 6-3, 6-2, 7-6
  • 1972 Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin succeeds Avery Brundage as President International Olympic Committee
  • 1972 TV sitcom "Maude", a spin-off of "All In The Family", starring Bea Arthur and Bill Macy premieres on CBS
  • 1973 2 bettors win largest US Daily Double ($19,909.60 in Detroit)
  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Coup d'état

1974 Coup overthrows Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie on Ethiopia's national day

  • 1974 Jeff "Skunk" Baxter joins Doobie Brothers
  • 1976 Seattle Seahawks play 1st regular-season game (St L 30, Sea 24)

US Men's Tennis Open

1976 US Open Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Jimmy Connors wins his second US title; beats Björn Borg of Sweden 6-4, 3-6, 7-6, 6-4

  • 1977 Anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko dies in police custody from his injuries after being beaten and tortured by police

Television Premiere

1978 Situation comedy "Taxi" premieres on ABC television starring Judd Hirsch, Jeff Conaway, Danny DeVito

  • 1979 Hurricane Frederick hits Mobile Alabama; 5 die & $23 million damage
  • 1979 Indiana Pacers cut Ann Meyers, 1st woman on an NBA club

Baseball Record

1979 Carl Yastrzemski gets his 3,000th hit off NY Yankee Jim Beattie

  • 1979 Indonesia is hit with an earthquake that measures 8.1 on the Richter scale.
  • 1980 Military coup under General Kenan Evren in Turkey
  • 1981 Elizabeth Ward (Arkansas), 20, crowned 54th Miss America 1982

Sports History

1981 Red Sox rookie Bob Ojeda no-hits Yanks for 8 innings before Rick Cerone & Dave Winfield lead off 9th with back-to-back doubles

The Smurfs TV Debut

1981 "The Smurfs" animated cartoon series by Hanna-Barbera first broadcasts in North America

  • 1982 Gerard Nijboer (2:15:16) & Rosa Mota (2:36:04) win marathon
  • 1982 US Open Men's Tennis: Jimmy Connors wins his 4th US title; beats Czech star Ivan Lendl 6-3, 6-2, 4-6, 6-4
  • 1983 Albert Rizzo trod water at sea for 108 hours 9 minutes
  • 1983 Security guard Victor Gerena robs West Hartford company of $7 million
  • 1983 USSR vetoes UN resolution deploring its shooting down of Korean plane

Music History

1984 American country singer Barbara Mandrell is badly injured in a car accident

  • 1984 Cyndi Lauper sings "She-Bop" on The Tonight Show
  • 1984 Ethiopia forms socialist republic

Sports History

1984 NY Met Dwight Gooden sets rookie strike out record at 251

  • 1985 Flight readiness firing of Atlantis' main engines; 20 seconds
  • 1986 240.49 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1986 Twins fire manager Ray Miller & replace him with coach Tom Kelly
  • 1986 US professor Joseph Cicippio is kidnapped & held hostage in Beirut
  • 1986 Limited U.S. premiere of film adaptation of Marsha Norman's play "'Night, Mother"

Film & TV History

1986 "Blue Velvet" directed by David Lynch, Starring Isabella Rossellini, Kyle MacLachlan and Dennis Hopper debuts in Toronto

  • 1987 Ethiopia adopts constitution
  • 1987 Vince Coleman steals his 100th base for 3rd straight year
  • 1988 1st NFL regular-season game played in Phoenix; Cowboys beat Card
  • 1988 Gilbert, strongest hurricane ever (160 mph), devastates Jamaica
  • 1990 "Les Miserables," opens at Cirkus Theater, Stockholm
  • 1990 US, United Kingdom, France, USSR, East & West Germanys sign agreements allowing 2 Germanys to merge

Sports History

1991 Nolan Ryan's 4-3 victory over Twins is his 312th career win

  • 1991 Space shuttle STS 48 (Discovery 14) launched
  • 1992 Hurricane Inuki pounds Hawaii
  • 1992 STS-47 (Endeavour 2) launches

US Men's Tennis Open

1992 Stefan Edberg beats Michael Chang 6-7, 7-5, 7-6, 5-7, 6-4 in the longest match in US Open history (5 hours, 26 minutes)

Historic Event

1992 Mae Jemison is the 1st African American woman to go into space (aboard Endeavour STS-47)

  • 1993 Wang Junxia runs a women's 3000 m world record (8:12.29) at the Chinese National Games
  • 1993 Paul Molitor at 37 is oldest to reach 100 RBIs for 1st time in career
  • 1993 STS-51 (Discovery) launches into orbit

US Men's Tennis Open

1993 US Open Men's Tennis: Pete Sampras wins his second US title; beats Frenchman Cédric Pioline 6-4, 6-4, 6-3

  • 1994 Frank Eugene Corder crashes a Cessna plane into the south lawn of the White House, killing himself
  • 1994 American country singer-songwriter George Jones undergoes successful triple bypass surgery
  • 1994 Parti Québécois wins parliamentary election

Photography

1995 INXS' Michael Hutchence pleads guilty to punching a photographer