On This Day

Historical Events on September 14

Roman Empire

81 Domitian becomes Emperor of the Roman Empire upon the death of his brother Titus

  • 786 Harun al-Rashid becomes the Abbasid caliph upon the death of his brother Al-Hadi
  • 891 Stephen V's reign as Catholic Pope end with his death, succeeded a few weeks later by Pope Formosus
  • 1163 Pastor Frederik forms convent at Mariengaarde Friesland
  • 1180 Minamoto no Yoritomo led force of 300 defeated at Battle of Ishibashiyama in Japan
  • 1515 Battle at Marignano ends after two days in a French and Venetian victory over a Swiss army
  • 1607 Flight of the Earls from Lough Swilly, Donegal, Ireland

Victory in Battle

1629 Siege of 's-Hertogenbosch: Spanish garrison surrenders to Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange

  • 1662 Netherlands & England sign peace treaty
  • 1682 Bishop Gore School, one of the oldest schools in Wales, founded
  • 1716 1st lighthouse in American colonies lit at Boston Harbor

Music History

1741 George Frideric Handel finishes his "Messiah" oratorio after working on it non-stop for 23 days

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1752 Britain and the British Empire (including the American colonies) adopt the Gregorian Calendar (no Sept 3 - Sept 13)

  • 1759 Austrian troops occupy Dresden

Historic Event

1807 Aaron Burr acquitted of a misdemeanor charge

Great Fire of Moscow

1812 Great Fire of Moscow begins as Napoleon approaches the city and retreating Russians burn it - fire continues to burn for five days

Fiery Birth for Star Spangled Banner

1814 Francis Scott Key pens the poem "Defence of Fort M'Henry", later known as "The Star-Spangled Banner" while witnessing the bombardment of Fort McHenry from a ship in Baltimore harbor

  • 1829 Peace of Adrianopel: ends Russian-Turkish war
  • 1847 US Marines under General Scott enter Mexico City (halls of Montezuma)
  • 1848 Alexander Stewart opens the 1st US department store, “The Marble Palace” in downtown New York City
  • 1852 Samuel D Hubbard of Conn takes office as 18th US Postmaster General
  • 1854 British and French forces land at Calamita Bay on the Crimean Peninsula, during the Crimean War
  • 1856 Battle of San Jacinto at Hacienda San Jacinto, Nicaraguan forces defeat American filibusters
  • 1862 Battle at Crampton's Gap: Union troops win a tactical victory over Confederate forces
  • 1862 Battle at South Mountain: Union troops defeat an outnumbered Confederate force
  • 1862 Battle of Munfordville, Kentucky, begins
  • 1862 Federal troops escape from beleaguered Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
  • 1862 Skirmish at Fox's Gap, American Civil War
  • 1865 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Scotsman Andrew Strath wins his first title; beats 2-time champion Willie Park Sr. by 2 strokes

Historic Publication

1867 Karl Marx publishes "Das Kapital" Volume 1, his theory of the Capitalist system and how it is doomed to destroy itself

  • 1868 Golf's 1st recorded hole-in-one by Tom Morris at Prestwick's 8th hole, Scotland
  • 1872 Britain pays US$15½m for damages during Civil War

Historic Expedition

1876 Henry Morton Stanley's expedition leaves Rwanda

  • 1876 Leopold II closes Congo-conference
  • 1882 British General Wolseley reaches Cairo
  • 1886 George K Anderson of Memphis, Tennessee, patents typewriter ribbon
  • 1891 "Empire State Express" train goes from NYC to East Buffalo, a distance of 436 miles, in a record 7H6M
  • 1894 Hottentotten uprising in Southwest Africa fails
  • 1899 Henry Bliss becomes 1st automobile fatality in the US (NY)
  • 1900 There are now 62,000 foreign troops in Peking and nearby cities, still defeating Boxer Rebels.

Historic Event

1901 Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as the youngest man to serve as US President, after William McKinley finally dies after an anarchist shoots him in Buffalo

  • 1905 Albert Cuypstrat street market in Amsterdam inaugurated
  • 1905 Dutch AR-politician AWF Idenburg named governor of Suriname
  • 1905 RAC Tourist Trophy first run on Isle of Man
  • 1911 Russian Prime Minister Peter Stolypin is assassinated in Kiev; his regime had been characterized by harsh measures to control dissidents
  • 1913 Cubs Larry Cheney hurls record 14-hit shutout against Giants (7-0)

Historic Event

1914 Lord Kitchener: "Your country needs you" appears as front cover design for the London Opinion magazine

  • 1914 German staff-of-chief Helmut von Moltke replaced by Erich von Falkenhayn
  • 1914 German troops withdraw from Aisne
  • 1916 Christy Mathewson pitches & wins his final game
  • 1918 WWI: Austria-Hungary sends a note to the Allies requesting peace discussions, but the Allies reject the offer
  • 1919 British regime forbids Sinn Féin Dáil
  • 1920 The Trial of Sacco & Vanzetti: Sacco and Vanzetti indicted for murder

Boxing Title Fight

1923 In his 4th heavyweight boxing title defence Jack Dempsey recovers after being sent through the ropes to KO Argentine challenger Luis Firpo in the 2nd round at the Polo Grounds, NYC

  • 1923 Miguel Primo de Rivera becomes dictator of Spain
  • 1923 Red Sox 1st baseman George Burns pulls off an unassisted triple play

Sports History

1924 Walter Johnson selected as the American League MVP

  • 1929 A's clinch AL pennant with a 5-0 win over White Sox
  • 1929 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills NY: Bill Tilden wins 7th US title; beats Francis Hunter 3-6, 6-3, 4-6, 6-2, 6-4
  • 1930 Detroit Lions (as Portsmouth Spartans) play 1st NFL game, win 13-6
  • 1930 Nazis gain 107 seats in German election
  • 1932 Military coup in Chile under Arturo Alessandri
  • 1933 2 billion board feet of lumber destroyed in Tillamook Oregon fire

Baseball Record

1936 Pittsburgh Pirates' future Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder Paul Waner ties Rogers Hornsby's NL record of 200 MLB hits for 7th time

  • 1936 1st prefrontal lobotomy in America performed by Walter Freeman and James W. Watts at George Washington University Hospital in Washington D.C.

Historic Event

1937 President Franklin D. Roosevelt bans US ships from trading arms with China or Japan

Historic Event

1939 World’s 1st practical helicopter, the VS-300 designed by Igor Sikorsky takes (tethered) flight in Stratford, Connecticut

  • 1939 British fleet attacks German U-39 boat

Historic Event

1939 First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill visits Scapa Flow, Orkney

  • 1940 US Congress passes 1st peace-time conscription bill (draft law)
  • 1940 German bomb hits shelter in Chelsea; hundreds die
  • 1942 Battle of Edson's Ridge (Japanese assault) at Guadalcanal
  • 1942 German troops occupy train station Stalingrad-1
  • 1942 Yanks clinch pennant #13
  • 1943 Yanks clinch pennant #14
  • 1944 6,500 Dutch/Indonesian captives sent to Junyo Maru
  • 1944 Gulpen, Meerssen & Maastricht freed
  • 1944 Great Atlantic hurricane hits New England, 300-400 die along the US East Coast
  • 1944 US 28th Infantry division occupies 1.5 km of Roscheid
  • 1944 US 4th Ivy League Inf division pushes through Westwall
  • 1947 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Jack Kramer wins second straight US title; beats fellow American Frank Parker 4-6, 2-6, 6-1, 6-0, 6-3
  • 1947 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Louise Brough beats Margaret Osborne duPoint 8-6, 4-6, 6-1 for her only US singles title

Historic Event

1948 Gerald Ford upsets Representative Bartel J Jonkman in Michigan 5th Dist Republican primary

  • 1948 Groundbreaking ceremony for UN world headquarters in New York
  • 1949 India's Constituent Assembly adopts Hindi as an official language. Celebrated today as Hindi Day.
  • 1950 Western allies rearm West Germany
  • 1951 Giant's Bob Niemans homers on his 1st 2 at bats

Appointment of Interest

1953 Nikita Khrushchev appointed First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, succeeding Malenkov

  • 1953 Yanks clinch 5th straight pennant with 8-5 win over Indians

Music Premiere

1954 Benjamin Britten's opera 'Turn of the Screw' premieres in Venice

Baseball Record

1954 Giants' Willie Mays gets 82nd extra-base hit, breaks Mel Ott's record

  • 1954 Hurricane Edna (2nd of 1954) hits NYC, $50 million damage
  • 1954 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1955 Herb Score sets rookie record of 235 strikeouts (en route 245)

Music Recording

1955 Little Richard records "Tutti Frutti" at J & M Studio in New Orleans, Louisiana


1956 IBM introduces the RAMAC 305, 1st commercial computer with a hard drive that uses magnetic disk storage, weighs over a ton

  • 1957 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga, Australia
  • 1957 UN resolution deplores & condemns USSR invasion of Hungary
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 WTAE TV channel 4 in Pittsburgh, PA (ABC) begins broadcasting

Sports History

1958 Yankees win 24th pennant, & 9th under Casey Stengel

  • 1958 Two rockets designed by the German engineer Ernst Mohr, the first German post-war rockets, reach the upper atmosphere.
  • 1959 Soviet Union's Luna-2 is 1st spacecraft to land on the Moon
  • 1959 WQEX TV channel 16 in Pittsburgh, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1960 Coup under Colonel Joseph-Desire Mobutu in Congo
  • 1960 Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi-Arabia and Venezuela form the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
  • 1960 KERA TV channel 13 in Dallas, TX (PBS) begins broadcasting

Music History

1960 Dmitri Shostakovich becomes member of Communist Party of USSR

  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Mary Ann Fischer of Aberdeen, South Dakota, gives birth to America's 1st surviving quintuplets, 4 girls & a boy
  • 1964 WCVE TV channel 23 in Richmond, VA (PBS) begins broadcasting

Film & TV History

1964 Walt Disney awarded Medal of Freedom at White House

Historic Event

1964 President Lyndon Johnson presents Walter Lippmann with the Presidential Medal of Freedom

  • 1965 Western sitcom "F-Troop" premieres in the US on ABC
  • 1965 4th meeting of 2nd Vatican council opened
  • 1967 Melville Abrams Ball Field in Bronx named
  • 1967 Thomas Pell Wildlife Refuge & Sanctuary opens in The Bronx, NYC

Boxing Title Fight

1968 Jimmy Ellis beats Floyd Patterson in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

Sports History

1968 Detroit Tigers' Denny McLain's 30th victory of season

  • 1968 Dmitri Shostakovich' 12th string quartet, premieres in Moscow
  • 1968 USSR's Zond 5 is launched on 1st circumlunar flight
  • 1968 While on tour in England, a fire at singer Roy Orbison's Henderson, Tennessee home kills the two eldest of his three sons
  • 1969 Male voters of Swiss Canton Schaffhausen reject female suffrage
  • 1970 Economic Council for Northern Ireland holds its first meeting
  • 1971 Cleveland Indians & Washington Senators, play 20 innings
  • 1971 Two British soldiers are killed in separate shooting incidents in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland
  • 1972 "The Waltons" TV program premieres on CBS starring Richard Thomas, Ralph Waite, Michael Learned, and Will Geer
  • 1972 Jason Miller's "That Championship Season," premieres in NYC
  • 1972 West Germany & Poland establish diplomatic relations
  • 1972 2 people are killed and 1 mortally wounded in a Ulster Volunteer Force bomb attack on the Imperial Hotel, Belfast
  • 1973 Indianapolis is awarded a WHA franchise
  • 1973 Israel shoots down 13 Syrian MIG-21s

Historic Event

1973 US President Richard Nixon signed into law a measure lifting pro football's blackout

  • 1974 Charles Kowal discovers Leda, 13th satellite of Jupiter
  • 1975 Rembrandt's oil painting "The Night Watch" slashed & damaged by an unemployed school teacher, in the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
  • 1975 Milwaulkee Brewer Robin Yount breaks Mel Ott's record, playing in 242 MLB games as a teen
  • 1977 Christmas Tinto sentenced to 7 years in Robben Island, South Africa
  • 1978 Braves' Jim Bouton, 38, beats Giants, his 1st win since 1970
  • 1978 Portugal government of Da Costa falls
  • 1978 The Provisional Irish Republican Army explode over 50 bombs in towns across Northern Ireland over the next 5 days, injuring 37 people
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1979 Theodore Coombs completes 5,193 mile roller skate from LA to NYC & back to Yates Center, Ks
  • 1979 The film "Quadrophenia", loosely based on The Who's 1973 rock opera of the same name, is released.
  • 1980 "Charlie & Algernon" opens at Helen Hayes Theater NYC for 17 performances
  • 1980 Dwight Clark begins NFL streak of 105 consecutive game receptions
  • 1981 Judge Wapner & People's Court premiere on TV
  • 1981 Entertainment Tonight premieres on TV
  • 1982 36" snow (Red Lodge, MT)
  • 1982 Cindy Nicholas of Canada makes her 19th swim of English Channel
  • 1982 Trevor Baxter sets skateboard high jump record of 5' 5.7"
  • 1982 Bomb at Lebanese Phalange party HQ kills President-elect Bachir Gemayel and 26 others
  • 1983 US House of Representatives votes, 416 to 0, in favor of a resolution condemning Russia for shooting down a Korean jetliner
  • 1983 Texan San Jacinto county sheriff James "Humpy" Parker convicted of violating inmates civil rights and of torture

Video Music Awards

1984 1st MTV Video Music Awards: The Cars win with "You Might Think", and David Bowie wins with "China Girl"

  • 1985 Susan Akin (Miss), 21, crowned 59th Miss America 1986

Television Debut

1985 "The Golden Girls", starring Bea Arthur, Betty White, Rue McClanahan, and Estelle Getty, debuts on NBC

  • 1985 10th Toronto International Film Festival: "The Official Story" directed by Luis Puenzo wins the People's Choice Award
  • 1986 Bo Jackson's 1st HR-a 475-foot blast (longest at Royal Stadium)
  • 1986 Bomb attack in Paris, 2 killed
  • 1986 Bomb explosion on airport Kimpo at Seoul, 5 killed
  • 1986 Saskatchewan & Hamilton play 1st CFL regular-season overtime game
  • 1986 CBS premiere of true life "The Last Days of Patton"
  • 1987 'Les Miserables' opens at Rock Theatre, Vigzinhaz Budapest

Sports History

1987 Cal Ripken's streak of 8,243 consecutive innings (908 games) is broken

  • 1987 Toronto Blue Jays hit a record 10 HRs vs Baltimore Orioles
  • 1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1989 Calgary Flames become 1st NHL team to play in USSR, win 4-2
  • 1989 Jeff Reardon is 1st to record 30 saves in 5 consecutive seasons
  • 1989 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1990 Ken Griffey, Sr & Jr, hit back-to-back HRs in 1st inning
  • 1991 Carolyn Suzanne Sapp (Hawaii), 24, crowned 65th Miss America 1992
  • 1991 San Diego State freshman running back Marshall Faulk rushes for NCAA record 386 yards and scores 7 touchdowns as the Aztecs beat Pacific, 55-34
  • 1991 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1991 16th Toronto International Film Festival: "The Fisher King" directed by Terry Gilliam wins the People's Choice Award
  • 1992 1st subway car completed to be exported from US (to Taiwan)
  • 1994 MLB team owners vote to cancel remainder of 1994 season, as well as the World Series for only the second time in history, continuing labor dispute with Players Association
  • 1995 Body Worlds opens in Tokyo, Japan

Baseball Record

1996 As' Mark McGwire is 13th player to hit 50-HRs in a season

  • 1996 England Test cricket fast bowler Dean Headley equals WR by taking his 3rd hat-trick of the English County season for Kent v Hampshire at Canterbury
  • 1996 NY Met Todd Huntley sets record of 41 HRs by a catcher
  • 1996 Tara Dawn Holland (Kansas), 23, crowned 70th Miss America 1997
  • 1996 21st Toronto International Film Festival: "Shine" directed by Scott Hicks wins the People's Choice Award
  • 1997 Chicago Whites Sox retire Carlton Fisk's #72
  • 1997 49th Emmy Awards: Law & Order, Frasier, Dennis Franz & Gillian Anderson win
  • 1998 Telecommunications companies MCI Communications and WorldCom complete their $37 billion merger to form MCI WorldCom.
  • 1998 British TV show "The Royle Family" written and starring Caroline Adherne and Craig Cash, also starring Ricky Tomlinson and Sue Johnston premieres on BBC Two
  • 1999 Kiribati, Nauru and Tonga join the United Nations.

9/11 Attack on New York's World Trade Towers

2001 Historic National Prayer Service held at Washington National Cathedral for victims of the September 11 attacks. A similar service is held in Canada on Parliament Hill, the largest vigil ever held in the nation's capital.

  • 2003 Sweden rejects adopting the Euro in a referendum
  • 2003 Estonia approves joining the European Union in a referendum.
  • 2003 Baltimore running back Jamal Lewis sets the NFL single-game rushing record when he runs for 295 yards and 2 touchdowns on 30 carries in the Ravens 33-13 victory over Cleveland
  • 2003 Solheim Cup Women's Golf, Barsebäck G & CC: Europe regains Cup; after Catriona Matthew beat Rosie Jones 3 & 1 to clinch, amid controversy 4 of 5 remaining matches are conceded for final score of 17½-10½

Historic Event

2007 Restrictions on the traditional Latin Mass are officially removed in the Roman Catholic Church as Pope Benedict XVI's motu proprio Summorum Pontificum takes effect.

  • 2007 53rd National Film Awards (India): "Kaalpurush" wins the Golden Lotus
  • 2008 Federation Cup Women's Tennis, Madrid, Spain: Svetlana Kuznetsova beats Spaniard Anabel Medina Garrigues 5-7, 6-3, 6-4 to give Russia its 4th title in 5 years (ends, 4-0)

Film & TV History

2009 David Attenborough and Prince William officially open the Darwin Centre at the National History Museum London, in what is the Museum's most significant expansion since 1881