Historical Events on September 15

  • 608 St Boniface IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 668 Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse, Italy.
  • 921 Saint Ludmila is murdered at the command of her daughter-in-law at Tetin
  • 1514 Thomas Wolsey appointed English Archbishop of York

Historic Event

1556 Charles V and Maria of Hungary return to Spain and retired to the Monastery of Yuste in Extremadura

  • 1584 San Lorenzo del Escorial Palace in Madrid finished
  • 1590 Giambattista Catagna elected as Pope Urban VII
  • 1600 Battle of Sekigahara, rise of the Tokugawa shogunate in Japan
  • 1616 First non-aristocratic, free public school in Europe is opened in Frascati, Italy
  • 1619 Prince Bethlen Gabor's troops occupy Pozsony (Pressburg) Hungary
  • 1621 Swedish troops occupy Riga

Historic Event

1644 Giambattista Pamfili replaces Pope Urban VIII as Innocent X

  • 1656 England & France sign peace treaty
  • 1683 Germantown in Pennsylvania is founded by 13 immigrant families

Agreement of Interest

1707 Ferenc Rákóczi II, Prince of Transylvania and Tsar Peter the Great sign social security agreement

  • 1733 King Frederik Willem I divides Prussia-Brandenburg in Cantons
  • 1762 Battle of Signal Hill, the last battle of the North American theatre of the Seven Years' War
  • 1774 Cossack pretender to the Russian throne Yemelyan Ivanovich Pugachev captured
  • 1776 British forces capture Kip's Bay, Manhattan, during Revolution

Historic Event

1777 George Washington, on authorization of Congress, appoints Casimir Pulaski as brigadier general in Continental Army cavalry

  • 1787 -16] Utrecht patriots flee to Amsterdam
  • 1789 US Department of Foreign Affairs, renamed Department of State

Historic Publication

1795 "Lyrical Ballads" published by Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth - 1st work of English Romantic movement (probable date)

  • 1795 Dutch East India controlled Cape Colony (present day South Africa) surrenders to Britain

Historic Event

1812 French army under Napoleon Bonaparte reaches the Kremlin in Moscow

  • 1820 Constitutionalist revolution in Lisbon, Portugal
  • 1821 Act of Independence of Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras & Nicaragua declare their independence from the Spanish Empire
  • 1830 Duke of Wellington opens Liverpool & Manchester Railway
  • 1830 First National Negro Convention begins in Philadelphia
  • 1830 First passenger to be killed by a railway train (William Huskisson in England)
  • 1831 The locomotive "John Bull" operates for the first time in New Jersey on the Camden and Amboy Railroad

Historic Event

1835 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin on board reaches the Galapagos Islands

  • 1846 Jung Bahadur Rana grabs power in Nepal
  • 1851 Saint Joseph's University is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1853 Antoinette Blackwell is the first US woman to be ordained a minister
  • 1857 Timothy Alder of NY patents a typesetting machine
  • 1862 Confederates conquer Union-weapon arsenal at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
  • 1870 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Tom Morris, Jr. wins third straight title; again beats Bob Kirk, this time by 12 strokes
  • 1870 Dutch 1st Chamber abolishes Capital punishment (20-18)
  • 1873 Last German troops leave France
  • 1879 Pim Mulier forms Royal Haarlemsche Football Club based in Haarlem, Netherlands; oldest existing club in Dutch football
  • 1882 British General Wolseley occupies Cairo
  • 1887 Philadelphia celebrates 100th anniversary of US Constitution
  • 1894 Japan defeats China in Battle of Ping Yang
  • 1898 National Afro-American Council forms in Rochester NY
  • 1899 US Open Men's Golf, Baltimore CC: Willie Smith wins by a comfortable 11 strokes from Scotsmen George Low & Val Fitzjohn and Bert Way of England
  • 1900 A Boer delegation issues an appeal at the Hague, Netherlands, that the major powers intervene in the war in South Africa
  • 1902 Chicago Cubs infielders Tinker, Evers, & Chance turn their first double play together in a 6-3 win over Cincinnati

Historic Event

1903 Queen Wilhelmina calls railroad strikers "criminals"

  • 1910 Boers & Afrikaners win 1st general elections in Union of South-Africa
  • 1912 Boston Red Sox pitcher "Smoky" Joe Wood ties then MLB record of 16 straight wins with a 2-1 victory over St. Louis Browns at Sportsman's Park
  • 1912 War between Turkey & Montenegro breaks out in Albania
  • 1913 1st US milch goat show held, Rochester, NY
  • 1914 First Battle of Aisne finishes, Germans vs. French & British during WWI
  • 1914 US Marines march out of Vera Cruz, Mexico

1st Use of Tanks in War

1916 First use of tanks in warfare, "Little Willies" at Battle of Flers-Courcelette, part of the Battle of the Somme

  • 1917 Forbes Magazine founded by B. C. Forbes and Walter Drey in the US
  • 1917 Russia proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky's Provisional government

Catholic Encyclical

1921 Pope Benedict XV publishes encyclical Alcohol Paraclitus

  • 1921 WBZ-AM in Boston MA begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 Philadelphia catcher Butch Henline becomes first NLer to hit 3 HRs in a game since 1897 during Phillies' 10-9 win over St. Louis Cardinals at the Baker Bowl
  • 1923 Governor Walton of Oklahoma declares state of siege because of Ku Klux Klan terror

US Men's Tennis Open

1923 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Germantown CC, Philadelphia: Bill Tilden wins 4th of 6 straight US singles titles; beats Bill Johnston 6-4, 6-1, 6-4

  • 1928 400 kg Fournier-albums (forged postage stamps) burn in Geneva
  • 1928 Kent leg-spinner Alfred "Tich" Freeman takes 2-102 and 4-75 for Rest of England vs Lancashire to become the only bowler to take 300 wickets (304) in an English cricket season

Scientific Discovery

1928 Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin while studying influenza

  • 1928 St. Louis Cardinals set NL record of 18 men left-on-base; still beat Phillies, 8-6 at the Baker Bowl, Philadelphia
  • 1928 Stothard, Kalmar & Ruby's musical "Good Boy" premieres in NYC
  • 1930 1st international bridge match is held in London. US team defeats England
  • 1931 British naval fleet mutinies at Invergordon over pay cuts
  • 1931 Philadelphia A's clinch pennant, beating Cleveland
  • 1935 Nuremberg Laws deprives German Jews of citizenship & makes swastika official symbol of Nazi Germany
  • 1937 Works Progress Administration (WPA) extends L-Taraval streetcar line to San Francisco Zoo, at Sloat Blvd (San Francisco, California)
  • 1938 John Cobb sets world auto speed record at 350.2 MPH (lasts 1 day)
  • 1938 Only time brothers hit back-to-back HRs (Lloyd & Paul Waner, Pitts)
  • 1940 3rd American Football League plays 1st game (Milw 14, Columbus 2)

'Hitler Will Have to Break Us or Lose the War'

1940 Battle of Britain Day: climax of the Battle of Britain, tide begins to turn as the Royal Air Force repulses a major Luftwaffe attack, losing 29 aircraft to the Germans' 57-61

  • 1940 Chicago Tribune sponsors Ted Lyons Day (White Sox pitcher)

Victory in Battle

1940 UK Prime Minister Winston Churchill visits Royal Air Force 11th Fighter Group on what would be the fiercest day of the Battle of Britain

  • 1941 Nazis kill 800 Jewish women at Shkudvil, Lithuania
  • 1942 US aircraft carrier Wasp torpedoed at Guadalcanal

Historic Event

1943 Benito Mussolini forms a rival fascist government in Italy

  • 1943 Concentration Camp Kauwen in Lithuania opens
  • 1943 Concentration Camp Vaivara in Estonia opens
  • 1944 British bombers hit German battleship Tirpitz with Tallboy bombs
  • 1944 Soviet troops free Sofia, Bulgaria
  • 1944 US 1st Infantry division pushes through to Westwall
  • 1944 US 28th Infantry division occupies Hill 555 at Roscheid
  • 1944 US troops land on islands of Palau and Morotai, western Pacific
  • 1945 A hurricane in southern Florida and the Bahamas destroys 366 planes and 25 blimps at NAS Richmond
  • 1946 Dodgers beat Cubs 2-0 in 5 inns, games called because of gnats
  • 1947 First four-engined jet-propelled fighter plane tested, Columbus, Ohio
  • 1947 RCA releases the 12AX7 miniature dual triode vacuum tube; it is still in production
  • 1947 Typhoon Kathleen hit Tone River, Saitama and Tokyo area, killing at least 1,930 and injuring 1,750
  • 1947 Yanks clinch pennant #15
  • 1948 F-86 Sabre sets world aircraft speed record of 1080 kph
  • 1948 Musical revue "Small Wonder", starring Tom Ewell, opens at Coronet Theater, NYC; runs for 134 performances
  • 1948 WHN-AM in NY City changes call letters to WMGM
  • 1949 "Lone Ranger" premieres on ABC-TV. Hi-yo, Silver! Away!
  • 1949 WJAC TV channel 6 in Johnstown, PA (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1949 WJXT TV channel 4 in Jacksonville, FL (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1950 During Korean conflict, UN forces land at Inchon in South Korea
  • 1950 East German premier Grotewohl pleads for German reunification
  • 1950 For a record 6th time, NY Yankees' first baseman Johnny Mize hits 3 HRs in one game
  • 1950 Longest game in Phila's Shribe Park, Phils beat Reds 8-7 in 19
  • 1950 US troop land on Wolmi-Do island off of Seoul
  • 1951 "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" closes at Ziegfeld NYC after 740 performances
  • 1951 Emile Zatopek runs world record 20k (1:01:15.8)

Catholic Encyclical

1951 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ingruentium Malorum

  • 1952 Braves last game in Boston's Braves Field before move to Milwaukee
  • 1952 European Parliament forms in Strasbourg
  • 1952 UN turns over Eritrea to Ethiopia
  • 1953 Boxing's NBA adopts 10-pt-must-scoring-system (10 pts to round winner)
  • 1953 KVOA TV channel 4 in Tucson, AZ (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 WVEC TV channel 13 in Hampton-Norfolk, VA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 WCTV TV channel 6 in Tallahassee-Thomasville, Florida (CBS) begins

Election of Interest

1957 Konrad Adenauer's CDU wins parliamentary election in West Germany

  • 1957 SF Seals (Pacific Coast League) play their last game
  • 1957 US TV series "Bachelor Father" with John Forsythe premieres
  • 1958 Commuter train crashes through drawbridge, killing 48 in Elizabethport, New Jersey

Historic Event

1959 Soviet Premier Khrushchev arrives in US to begin a 13-day visit

NHL Record

1960 Maurice Richard announces his retirement. He finishes his career with 544 goals, an NHL record at the time.

  • 1961 61st US Golf Amateur Championship won by Jack Nicklaus aged 21
  • 1962 "Bravo, Giovanni" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 76 performances
  • 1962 Australia's 1st entry in America's Cup yacht race (US wins)
  • 1962 KC A's Bill Fischer sets record of 69 1/3 innings without a walk
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 WOKR TV channel 13 in Rochester, NY (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1963 Alou brothers - Felipe, Matty, & Jesús - appear in San Francisco Giants outfield for 1 inning in a 13-5 win over Pittsburgh Pirates at Forbes Field
  • 1963 Ben Bella elected 1st president of Algeria
  • 1963 Church bombing in Birmingham Alabama, kills 4 African-American girls

Music History

1963 The Beatles headline The Great Prop Prom at Royal Albert Hall, London; The Rolling Stones are one of the opening acts [1]

  • 1963 WNTV TV channel 29 in Greenville, SC (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1964 Final edition of socialist British newspaper "Daily Herald"
  • 1964 The Beatles play at Public Auditorium in Cleveland, Ohio; police stop show during third song as some of the crowd climbed on the stage, after a 10 minute delay, and warning audience to stay seated, the concert resumed with the.
  • 1965 US TV series "Lost in Space" premieres

Album Release

1965 Volt/Stax records releases Otis Redding's third studio album "Otis Blue - Otis Redding Sings Soul" in the US, Atlantic releases it in the UK; frequently ranked on top album lists

  • 1966 Dutch political party (D'66) forms
  • 1966 First British nuclear ballistic missile submarine HMS Resolution launched
  • 1966 Gemini XI (Conrad/Gordon) returns to Earth

Historic Event

1966 U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson, responding to a sniper attack at the University of Texas at Austin, writes a letter to the United States Congress urging the enactment of gun control legislation.

  • 1967 KPOB TV channel 15 in Poplar Bluff, MO (ABC) begins broadcasting

Television Premiere

1968 "Barbra Streisand: A Happening in Central Park" premieres on CBS TV

  • 1968 Launch of Zond 5, 1st lunar fly-around with Earth reentry
  • 1968 NY Zendo (Shoboji) was opened by S Nakagawa & D S Harada
  • 1968 Probable Test flight for a manned fly-around (scooped by Apollo 8)
  • 1968 WUAB TV channel 43 in Lorain-Cleveland, Ohio (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 WXON TV channel 20 in Detroit, MI (IND) begins broadcasting

Sports History

1969 MLB St. Louis Cardinals Steve Carlton sets record by striking out 19 NY Mets in a game

Music Recording

1970 Decca awards Bing Crosby a second platinum disc for selling 300 million records

  • 1970 Officers of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) in Northern Ireland vote narrowly in favour of remaining unarmed
  • 1970 PLO leader Arafat threatens to make a cemetery of Jordan
  • 1970 Rotterdam dock strikes end
  • 1971 1st broadcast of "Columbo" starring Peter Falk on NBC
  • 1972 A magnitude 4.5 earthquake shakes Northern Illinois.
  • 1972 An SAS domestic flight from Gothenburg to Stockholm was hijacked and flown to Malmö-Bulltofta Airport.

Album Release

1972 Apple Records releases John Lennon and Yoko Ono's political album "Sometime in NYC" in UK, delayed by publishing rights dispute; includes some live tracks from 1971 concert with Frank Zappa

  • 1972 WMAO TV channel 23 in Greenwood, MS (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1973 Dutch Guilder devalued by 5%
  • 1973 Ohio State's Archie Griffith begins record 31 cons 100 yd rushing
  • 1973 OPEC supports price hikes and designates six Gulf countries to negotiate collectively with companies over prices; other members to negotiate individually

World Record

1973 Secretariat wins Marlboro Cup in world record 1:45 2/5 for 1¼ miles

  • 1974 Air Vietnam flight 727 is hijacked, then crashes while attempting to land with 75 on board.
  • 1974 Market Square Arena in Indianapolis opens
  • 1975 1st College Football Holy War: Notre Dame beats Boston College 17-3 in Foxborough
  • 1975 Mike Vail extends hitting streak ton rookie-record 23 straight game
  • 1975 The French département of Corse (the entire island of Corsica) is divided into two: Haute-Corse and Corse-du-Sud.
  • 1976 Ntozake Shange's "For Colored Girls Who ...," premieres in NYC
  • 1976 Soyuz 22 carries 2 cosmonauts into Earth orbit for 8 days

Sports History

1977 Orioles forfeit to Blue Jays when mgr Earl Weaver pulls team off field in 5th citing hazardous condition (small tarpaulin on bullpen mound)

  • 1977 revival of musical "Man of La Mancha" opens at Palace Theater, NYC; runs for 124 performances
  • 1977 TV LA drama "CHiPs" debuts on NBC in US
  • 1977 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Meeting of Interest

1977 US President Jimmy Carter meets with 15 record company executives

  • 1978 Dodgers become 1st major league team to draw 3 million fans
  • 1979 4th Toronto International Film Festival: "Best Boy" directed by Ira Wohl wins the People's Choice Award
  • 1979 Red Sox Bob Watson is 1st to hit for cycle in AL & NL (Astros)
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Music Single

1980 Paul McCartney releases single "Temporary Secretary"

Catholic Encyclical

1981 Pope John Paul II publishes encyclical "Laborem exercens" against capitalism/Marxism

  • 1981 The John Bull becomes the oldest operable steam locomotive in the world when the Smithsonian Institution operates it under its own power outside Washington, D.C.

Historic Event

1981 US Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approves Sandra Day O'Connor for the US Supreme Court

  • 1981 Vanuatu becomes a member of the United Nations.
  • 1982 First issue of "USA Today" published by Gannett Co Inc
  • 1982 Israeli forces began pouring into west Beirut
  • 1982 Pope John Paul II receives PLO leader Yasser Arafat
  • 1983 Frances Schreuder is convicted for the first-degree murder of Franklin Bradshaw

Historic Event

1983 Israel premier Menachem Begin resigns

  • 1983 Police officers beat Michael Stewart to death for graffiting NYC subway
  • 1984 9th Toronto International Film Festival: "Places in the Heart" directed by Robert Benton wins the People's Choice Award
  • 1984 Morocco Showcase opens
  • 1984 Sharlene Wells (Utah), 20, crowned 58th Miss America 1985
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh, Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1985 New York Yankees trade 25-year-old pitching prospect Jim Deshaies to Houston Astros for 40-year-old pitcher Joe Niekro

Historic Event

1985 Olof Palme forms Sweden minority government

  • 1985 Ryder Cup Golf, The Belfry: Europe beats US, 16½-11½; sole US loss in 50 years; Sam Torrance clinches for Europe beating Andy North, 1 up
  • 1986 1st broadcast of legal drama "L.A. Law" created by Steven Bochco, with ensemble cast including Corbin Bersen, Jill Eikenberry and Harry Hamlin on NBC
  • 1986 Bomb attack in Paris, 1 dead