On This Day

Historical Events on September 16

  • 1400 Owain Glyndŵr is declared Prince of Wales by his followers
  • 1575 King Johan Casimir of Palts promises military aid to the Huguenots
  • 1597 French troops chase away Albrecht of Austria
  • 1620 The Mayflower departs Plymouth, England, with 102 Pilgrims and about 30 crew for the New World (O.S. 6 Sept)
  • 1630 Massachusetts village of Shawmut changes its name to Boston
  • 1652 Spanish troops occupy Dunkirk
  • 1654 Russian troops occupy Smolensk on Poland
  • 1666 "Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi becomes Islamiet
  • 1668 King John II Casimir of Poland resigns, flees to France
  • 1701 James Francis Edward Stuart "The Old Pretender", becomes the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland on the death of his father James II
  • 1702 Emperor Leopold I declares war on France, Cologne & Bavaria
  • 1729 Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Groningen
  • 1747 French troops occupy Bergen on Zoom
  • 1782 Great Seal of the United States of America used for the first time
  • 1795 British capture Capetown, South Africa, from the Dutch
  • 1810 Mexico issues Grito de Dolores, calling for the end of Spanish rule (Mexican Independence Day)
  • 1810 Carl Maria von Weber's opera "Silvana", starring his future wife Carone Brandt in the title role, premieres at the Nationaltheater in Frankfurt, Confederation of the Rhine (now Germany)
  • 1830 Oliver Wendell Holmes writes poem "Old Ironsides" as tribute to the 18th-century USS Constitution

Historic Event

1847 Shakespeare Birthplace Trust buys bard's birthplace in Stratford-upon-Avon

  • 1848 Slavery abolished in all French territories
  • 1857 Mexican constitution of force (fiercely attacked by Pope Pius IX)
  • 1858 1st overland mail for California

Historic Event

1859 Lake Nyasa, which forms Malawi's boundary with Tanzania & Mozambique discovered by British explorer David Livingstone

  • 1861 Battle of Princeton, West Virginia
  • 1861 British Post Office Savings Banks opens
  • 1862 Gen Bragg's army surrounds 4,000 federals at Munfordville, KY
  • 1863 Robert College of Istanbul, Turkey, the first American educational institution outside the United States, is founded by Christopher Robert, an American philanthropist.
  • 1864 Battle of Coggin's Point, Virginia (Hampton-Rosser Cattle Raid)
  • 1864 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Tom Morris Sr. wins third title; beats fellow Scot Andrew Strath by 2 strokes
  • 1867 Ottawa Rough Riders & Senators play Canadian Football game
  • 1869 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: At just 18 years of age, Tom Morris Jr. retains his title; beats fellow Scot Bob Kirk by 11 strokes
  • 1873 German troops leave France
  • 1885 5th America's Cup: Puritan (NY Yacht Club) beats Genesta (Royal Yacht Squadron, Isle of Wight, UK) by 1:38 for 2-0 series win
  • 1887 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Willie Park Jr wins first of 2 Open titles by 1 stroke from fellow Scot Bob Martin
  • 1892 Amsterdam swimming club renamed "The Y"
  • 1893 Cherokee Strip, Oklahoma, opens white settlement homesteaders
  • 1901 Alturas, California, is incorporated as the only city in Modoc County.

Historic Event

1901 French painter Paul Gauguin settles in Atuona in the Marquesas Islands

  • 1906 Kaarlo Nieminen wins 1st Finnish marathon

Historic Discovery

1906 Douglas Mawson, Edgeworth David and Alistair Mackay claim to have discovered the Magnetic South Pole in Antarctica

  • 1908 Carriage-maker, William C. Durant, founds General Motors in Flint, Michigan
  • 1913 Thousands of women demonstrate for Dutch female suffrage

Historic Event

1915 Tsar Nicolas II adjourns 4th Duma

  • 1915 US takes control of customs & finances of Haiti for 10 years
  • 1919 American Legion incorporated by an act of US Congress
  • 1919 Dutch Ruether beats Giants 4-3 to clinch Cincinnati 1st NL pennant

Wall Street Bombing

1920 The "Wall Street bombing" occurs at 12:01 when a horse-drawn wagon explodes on Wall Street, New York, killing 38 and injuring 143

  • 1922 Turkish troops chase Greeks out of Asia
  • 1922 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Germantown CC, Philadelphia: Bill Tilden wins third straight US singles title; beats fellow American Bill Johnston 4-6, 3-6, 6-2, 6-3, 6-4
  • 1924 Cardinal Jim Bottomley bats in 12 RBIs in 1 game
  • 1926 -22] Hurricane in Florida & Alabama, kills 372
  • 1926 Italian-Romanian peace treaty signed
  • 1926 Philip Dunning & George Abbott's "Broadway" premieres in NYC
  • 1926 St Louis Cards beat Phillies 23-3
  • 1928 Hurricane hits West Palm Beach-Lake Okeechobee Florida; 3,000 die
  • 1929 Police shoot at strikers in Maastricht, 2 killed
  • 1930 Phillies trailing 10-5, score 5 in 9th, then Pirates score 4 in top of 10th, so Phillies score 5 in bottom of 10th to win 15-14
  • 1931 Blimp is moored to Empire State Building (NYC)
  • 1931 St Louis Cards repeat as NL champions with a 6-3 win over Phillies
  • 1932 30.8 cm rainfall at Westerly, Rhode Island (state record)

Sports History

1937 Redskins NFL franchise play first game in Washington at Griffith Stadium; defeat the New York Giants in season opener, 13–3

  • 1938 George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 357.5 MPH
  • 1939 NY Yankees clinch their 11th & 4th successive pennant

Historic Event

1940 FDR signs Selective Training & Service Act (1st peacetime draft)

Sports History

1940 Leo Durocher suspended from Ebbetts Field for "inciting a riot"

  • 1940 Luftwaffe attacks central London
  • 1940 Samuel T Rayburn of Texas elected speaker of US House of Representatives
  • 1940 St Louis Browns Johnny Lucadello is 2nd to HR from each side of plate
  • 1941 German armoured troops surround Kiev, Ukraine

Historic Event

1941 Adolf Hitler orders that for every dead German, 100 Yugoslavs should be killed

  • 1941 Jews of Vilna Poland confined to Ghetto
  • 1942 Japanese attack on Port Moresby repelled
  • 1943 Montgomery's 8th army contacts invasion - arm forces at Salerno
  • 1943 Soviet army under general Vatutin reconquer Romny
  • 1945 Barometric pressure at 856 mb (25.55") off Okinawa (record low)
  • 1947 John Cobb sets world auto speed record at 394.2 MPH
  • 1947 Typhoon Kathleen hits Saitama, Tokyo and Tone River area, killing at least 1,930
  • 1948 "Heaven on Earth" opens at Century Theater NYC for 12 performances
  • 1948 "Mr Strauss Goes to Boston" closes at Century NYC after 12 performances
  • 1949 KABC TV channel 7 in Los Angeles, CA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1950 Cleveland Browns (formerly AAFC) play 1st NFL game, beat Philadelphia 35-10)
  • 1950 Viet Minh offensive against French bases in Vietnam

US Women's Golf Open

1951 US Open Women's Golf, Druid Hills GC: Betsy Rawls wins first of her 8 major titles, 5 strokes ahead of runner-up Louise Suggs

  • 1951 US National League umpire Frank Dascoli clears the Dodgers bench, ejecting 15 players

Film Premiere

1953 1st movie in Cinemascope "The Robe" based on the book by Lloyd C. Douglas, directed by Henry Koster and starring Richard Burton and Jean Simmons premieres

  • 1953 AL approves St Louis Browns move to become Baltimore Orioles
  • 1954 CKLW TV channel 9 in Windsor, ON (CBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 Bauer & Berra homer in 9th beating Red Sox 5-4 taking over 1st
  • 1955 US Auto Club forms to oversee four major auto racing categories

Sports History

1955 Yankee Mickey Mantle pulls a hamstring muscle running out a bunt

  • 1957 Coup in Thailand (Premier Songgram deposed)
  • 1957 LA City Council approves 300-acre site in Chavez Ravine for Dodgers

Historic Event

1959 French President Charles de Gaulle recognizes Algerian right of self determination

  • 1960 Amos Alonzo Stagg retires as a football coach at 98

Sports History

1960 Mil Brave Warren Spahn no-hits Philadelphia Phillies, 4-0

  • 1961 CDU loses West German election
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1961 WLKY TV channel 32 in Louisville, Kentucky (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1962 Brian Kilby wins marathon: (2:23:18.8)
  • 1962 Gerda Kroon runs European record 800 m in 2:02.8
  • 1962 Public TV channel 13 begins in NYC
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1963 "The Outer Limits" premieres on ABC-TV

Historic Event

1963 Federation of Malaysia formed by Malaya, Singapore, British North Borneo (Sabah) and Sarawak

  • 1963 WVAN TV channel 9 in Savannah, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1964 "Shindig" premieres on ABC-TV
  • 1965 Boston Red Sox Dave Morehead no-hits Cleveland Indians, 2-0
  • 1965 Sobibor trial opens in Hagen, West Germany

Music History

1965 British singer Davie Jones changes his stage name to "David Bowie" to avoid confusion with the Monkee of the same name

Music History

1966 Metropolitan Opera House opens in Lincoln Center, New York with Leontyne Price as Cleopatra in "Antony and Cleopatra" by Samuel Barber

  • 1967 Anni Pede runs female world record marathon (3:07:26)
  • 1967 KPAZ TV channel 21 in Phoenix, AZ (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1968 KLNI (now KADN) TV channel 15 in Lafayette, LA (IND) begins

Historic Event

1968 Richard Nixon appears on "Rowan & Martin's Laugh-in"

  • 1970 King Hussein of Jordan forms military government
  • 1971 6 Ku Klux Klansmen arrested in connection with bombing of 10 school buses
  • 1971 A number of Unionists resign over the proposed tripartite talks involving Northern Ireland, the UK, and the Republic of Ireland
  • 1972 1st TV series about mixed marriage, "Bridget Loves Bernie" premieres

TV Show Appearance

1972 Penny Marshall appears on "The Bob Newhart Show" in "Fly Unfriendly Skies"

  • 1973 "Desert Song" closes at Uris Theater NYC after 15 performances

NFL Record

1973 Buffalo's O.J. Simpson rushes for a then NFL record 250 yards in Buffalo's 31-13 win at New England

  • 1974 Bay Area Rapid transit (BART) begins regular rail service crossing the San Francisco Bay, through in the Transbay Tube

Music Recording

1974 Bob Dylan begins recording his 15th album "Blood on the Tracks", in New York City

Historic Event

1974 US President Gerald Ford announces conditional amnesty for US Vietnam War deserters

  • 1974 US General Alexander Haig Jr. becomes NATO supreme commander in Europe
  • 1975 Papua New Guinea gains independence from Australia (National Day)
  • 1975 Pittsburgh second baseman Rennie Stennett is second to hit 7-for-7 in a 9-inning MLB game as Pirates rout Chicago Cubs, 22-0 at Wrigley Field
  • 1975 The first prototype of the MiG-31 interceptor makes its maiden flight.
  • 1976 Egyptian president Sadat re-elected
  • 1976 American Episcopal Church approves ordination of women as priests & bishop
  • 1976 Shavarsh Karapetyan saves 20 people from the trolleybus that had fallen into Erevan reservoir.
  • 1977 90 minute pilot of "Logan's Run" premieres on TV

Music Single

1977 Ringo Starr releases single "Drowning in Sea of Love" in the UK

  • 1977 Seattle beats Royals, 4-1, to end KC's winning streak at 16 games
  • 1978 25,000 die in 7.7 earthquake in Tabar, Iran

Film & TV History

1978 Filming begins for "Monty Python's Life of Brian", on location in Monastir, Tunisia

  • 1978 Grateful Dead perform in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1978 New York Yankees beat Boston Red Sox, 3-2; at Yankee Stadium; Blue Bombers 6th win over arch rivals in 2 weeks
  • 1979 Ryder Cup Golf, The Greenbrier: US wins, 17-11; new Team Europe replaces Great Britain & Ireland as official opposition to the United States
  • 1979 Catfish Hunter Day at Yankee Stadium
  • 1979 Coup in Afghanistan under Hafizullah Amin
  • 1979 KC's Willie Wilson hits 5th inside-the-park HR (most since 1925)
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1979 The families of Peter Strelzyk and Gunter Wetzel arrive in West Germany from Communist East Germany in a hot air balloon
  • 1982 Massacre of 1000+ Palestinian refugees at Chatila & Sabra begins
  • 1984 1st broadcast of "Miami Vice" on NBC-TV
  • 1986 Fire in Kinross gold mine, Transvaal South Africa, 177 killed
  • 1987 Calif's Bob Boone catches record 1,919th major league game
  • 1987 New York City's WNET-TV channel 13 begins round clock broadcasting
  • 1987 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Historic Event

1987 Pope John Paul II's ends his Los Angeles tour with an interfaith meeting at Dodger Stadium with leaders of Judaism, Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism

  • 1988 Cincinnati Reds Tom Browning pitches a perfect game, beats LA Dodgers, 1-0
  • 1988 Fish leaves rock group Marillion
  • 1988 Javed Miandad completes 211, his 5th Test Cricket double, v Australia
  • 1988 Jury awards Valerie Harper $1.6 M in dispute over TV series
  • 1989 Debbye Turner (Mont), 23, crowned 63rd Miss America 1990

Toronto Film Festival

1989 14th Toronto International Film Festival: "Roger & Me" directed by Michael Moore wins the People's Choice Award

  • 1990 42nd Emmy Awards: LA Law, Murphy Brown, Peter Falk & Patricia Wettig win

Film & TV History

1990 Dennis Quaid & Meg Ryan wed

Historic Event

1990 Iraq televises an 8 minute uncensored speech from George H. W. Bush

  • 1990 Pirate Radio NY International begins transmissions on WWCR
  • 1991 Atlanta's Otis Nixon suspended for rest of 1991 due to cocaine

Historic Event

1991 US trial of former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega begins

  • 1991 Norm Charlton suspended for 7 days for intentionally hitting Steve Scioscia with a pitch
  • 1992 "Les Miserables" opens at Nuevo Apolo, Madrid
  • 1992 900 die in flood in Pakistan
  • 1992 FCC votes to allow competition for local phone service
  • 1992 "Black Wednesday" UK government is forced to withdraw the pound sterling from the European Exchange Rate Mechanism after unable keep it above agreed lowest limit

Baseball Record

1993 Minnesota Twins Dave Winfield is 19th to get 3,000 hits

Television Premiere

1993 "Frasier" starring Kelsey Grammer and David Hyde Pierce premieres on NBC

  • 1994 Fire Department puts out smokey electrical fire in the White House

Baseball Record

1995 Greg Maddux of Braves sets record of 17 consecutive road victories

  • 1995 Shawntel Smith (Okla), 24, crowned 69th Miss America 1996
  • 1995 20th Toronto International Film Festival: "Antonia's Line" directed by Marleen Gorris wins the People's Choice Award
  • 1996 1st one-day international in Canada, India v Pakistan at Toronto
  • 1996 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Panama City FL on WTBB 97.7 FM
  • 1996 Paul Molitor of Twins is 21st player to reach 3,000 hits
  • 1996 Space Shuttle STS 79 (Atlantis 17), launches into space

Film & TV History

1996 Courtroom reality show "Judge Judy" with Judge Judith Sheindlin premieres in the US

  • 1997 ABL MVP Nikki McCray signs with WNBA

Appointment of Interest

1997 Apple Computer Inc names co-founder Steve Jobs interim CEO

Sports History

1997 Mark McGwire signs with the St Louis Cardinals for $26M

  • 1999 1st ever season of "Big Brother" reality show begins on the Veronica channel in The Netherlands

Baseball Record

2000 Sammy Sosa becomes the second player to hit 50 or more home runs in three consecutive years, joining Mark McGwire

Toronto Film Festival

2000 25th Toronto International Film Festival: "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon" directed by Ang Lee wins the People's Choice Award

Television Debut

2002 Talk show "Dr. Phil" with Phil McGraw and co-created by Oprah Winfrey debuts on syndicated US TV

  • 2005 Camorra boss Paolo Di Lauro is arrested in Naples.
  • 2006 31st Toronto International Film Festival: "Bella" directed by Alejandro Gomez Monteverde wins the People's Choice Award
  • 2007 One-Two-GO Airlines Flight 269 carrying 128 crew and passengers crashes in Thailand killing 89 people.

Emmy Awards

2007 59th Emmy Awards: The Sopranos, 30 Rock, James Spader & Sally Field win

  • 2007 Solheim Cup Women's Golf, Halmstad GK, Sweden: US retains Cup 16-12; after trailing by a point US dominates singles 8½-3½
  • 2007 Federation Cup Women's Tennis, Moscow, Russia: Svetlana Kuznetsova beats Francesca Schiavonea of Italy 4-6, 7-6, 7-5 to give Russia an unassailable 3-0 lead (ends, 4-0)
  • 2008 Rentrer en soi announces that they would be breaking up.

Film Release

2011 The critically acclaimed "Drive", starring Ryan Gosling, is released

  • 2012 8 female civilians are killed by a NATO airstrike in Laghman, Afghanistan
  • 2012 8 police officers are killed by a roadside bombing by Kurdistan Workers' Party militants in Turkey
  • 2012 14 people are killed and 7 wounded by a roadside bomb Jandol, Turkey