Historical Events on September 18


96 Nerva is proclaimed Roman Emperor after Domitian is assassinated

Historic Event

324 Chrysopolis Emperor Constantine beats Emperor Licinius

  • 1180 Philip Augustus becomes king of France
  • 1437 Peasant uprising in Transsylvania
  • 1454 In the Battle of Chojnice, the Polish army is defeated by the Teutonic army during the Thirteen Years' War.

Historic Discovery

1502 Christopher Columbus lands at Costa Rica on his 4th & last voyage

Historic Event

1544 English King Henry VIII's troops occupy Boulogne

Historic Event

1544 Peace of Crépy signed by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V & French King Francis I ending the Fourth Hapsburg-Valois War

Declaration of War

1635 Emperor Ferdinand II declares war on France

Appointment of Interest

1670 French bishop Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet appointed tutor to the dauphin, son of Louis XIV

  • 1679 New Hampshire becomes a county in Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • 1739 Turkey & Austria sign peace treaty - Austria cedes Belgrade to Turks
  • 1755 Fort Ticonderoga in New York opens
  • 1759 Battle of Quebec ends, French surrender to British who capture Quebec City
  • 1769 John Harris of Boston, Massachusetts, builds 1st spinet piano
  • 1789 1st loan is made to pay salaries of the presidents & Congress

Historic Event

1793 US President George Washington lays the cornerstone of the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.

  • 1809 Royal Opera House in London opens
  • 1810 Chile declares independence from Spain (National Day)

Victory in Battle

1811 British East India Company force led by Baron Minto conquers Java, part of the Dutch East Indies, Stamford Raffles appointed lieutenant governor

Great Fire of Moscow

1812 Great Fire of Moscow burns out after 5 days, 75% of the city destroyed and 12,000 killed

Historic Event

1837 Charles Lewis Tiffany and John B. Young co-found a "stationery and fancy goods emporium" in New York City, later renamed in 1853 as "Tiffany & Co."

  • 1838 Anti-Corn Law League established in Great Britain by Richard Cobden
  • 1842 1st edition of Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, published

Historic Event

1846 Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning exchange their last letters before they move to Italy

  • 1848 Baseball rules 1st baseman can tag base for out instead of runner
  • 1849 De Kempenae's Dutch government resigns

Compromise of 1850

1850 US Congress passes Fugitive Slave Law as part of Compromise of 1850

  • 1851 New York Times starts publishing (2 cents a copy)
  • 1862 Confederate armies officially divide into corps
  • 1862 General Read army pulls out of Antietam Creek Virginia
  • 1863 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Willie Park, Sr. wins his 2nd title; beats rival Tom Morris Sr. by 2 strokes
  • 1864 Battle of Martinsburg, Virginia
  • 1864 Hood's Tennessee campaign begins (also called The Franklin–Nashville Campaign), American Civil War
  • 1872 King Oscar II accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway
  • 1873 Government bond agent Jay Cooke & Co collapses, causing panic on Wall St, the start of the panic of 1873 and the Long depression
  • 1881 Chicago Tribune reports on a televideo experiment
  • 1882 Pacific Stock Exchange opens (as Local Security Board)
  • 1885 Riots break out in Montreal to protest against compulsory smallpox vaccination.
  • 1891 Harriet Maxwell Converse is 1st white woman to become an Indian chief

Historic Event

1895 Booker T. Washington delivers 'Atlanta Compromise' address

  • 1895 Daniel David Palmer of Davenport, Iowa, gives the first chiropractic adjustment
  • 1897 Gustave Kecker/Hugh Martin's musical "Belle of New York City" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1898 Lord Kitchener's ships reach Fashoda, Sudan

Music History

1899 Scott Joplin granted copyright for his "Maple Leaf Rag", the most famous ragtime composition, by the US Copyright Office

  • 1903 Phillies' Chick Fraser no-hits Chicago Cubs, 10-0
  • 1905 Electric tramline opens in Rotterdam
  • 1906 A typhoon with tsunami kills an estimated 10,000 people in Hong Kong
  • 1908 Cleveland Indian Bob "Dusty" Rhoades no-hits Boston, 2-1
  • 1909 Largest paid baseball attendance (35,409), A's beat Tigers, 2-0 in Det
  • 1910 25,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam for general male/female suffrage
  • 1911 Britain's 1st twin-engine airplane (Short S.39) test flown

Historic Event

1911 Louis Napoleon Parker's "Disraeli" premieres in NYC

  • 1914 Battle of Aisne ends with Germans beating French during WW I

Historic Event

1914 General Paul von Hindenburg named commander of German armies on the Eastern Front

  • 1914 Irish Home Rule bill receives Royal assent
  • 1914 South African troops land in German South West Africa
  • 1915 Jeeves and Bertie Wooster make their first appearance in P. G. Wodehouse short story "Extricating Young Gussie" published in "The Saturday Evening Post" in the US
  • 1919 Dutch second chamber accepts female suffrage
  • 1919 Hurricane tides 16 feet above normal drowns 280 along Gulf Coast
  • 1922 2nd government of Ruys de Beerenbrouck installed in Netherlands
  • 1922 Browns George Sisler's 41-game hit streak is stopped by NY's Joe Bush
  • 1922 Hungary admitted to League of Nations
  • 1924 Government routes 7 Provinces to Peking
  • 1926 Hurricane hits Miami, kills 250

US Men's Tennis Open

1926 US National Championship Men's Tennis: Frenchman René Lacoste wins first of 2 straight US titles; beats countryman Jean Borotra 6-4, 6-0, 6-4

  • 1927 The Columbia Broadcasting System goes on the air. with 18 stations (and WOR as NYC affiliate)
  • 1928 Juan de la Cierva flies 1st helicopter above Channel
  • 1928 San Felipe Segundo/Okeechobee hurricane makes fifth and final landfall near Edisto Island, South Carolina, as category 1 storm; total impact of event - over 4,100 killed and $100M ($1.6B in 2020) in damage
  • 1928 St. Louis beat Phillies, 4-2 at the Baker Bowl, Philadelphia; 20th Cards' win of 22 starts between the 2 clubs in 1928
  • 1929 Pirates loss to Braves & clinch NL pennant for the Cubs
  • 1929 Preston Sturges' "Strictly Dishonorable" premieres in NYC
  • 1930 Enterprise (US) beats Shamrock V (UK) in 15th America's Cup
  • 1930 NY Yankee future Baseball HOF pitcher Red Ruffing hits 2 HRs to beat St Louis Browns, 7-6 at Sportsman's Park, St. Louis
  • 1930 Philadelphia A's win AL championship for 2nd year in a row
  • 1931 To create a pretext for the invasion of Manchuria, China, a railway explosion is faked by the Japanese
  • 1932 Actress Peg Entwistle commits suicide by jumping from the letter "H" in the Hollywood sign
  • 1934 St Louis Brown Bobo Newsom loses no-hitter to Boston in 10, 2-1
  • 1934 USSR admitted to League of Nations
  • 1937 The first New Zealand State house opens in Miramar
  • 1938 Chicago Bears beat Green Bay Packers 2-0
  • 1938 Despite losing a double header (4-3, 8-7) to the St. Louis Browns at Sportsman's Park III, the New York Yankees clinch their 10th AL pennant
  • 1939 Polish government of Moscicki flees to Romania

Historic Event

1939 William Joyce's first Nazi propaganda broadcast

  • 1940 19 German aircraft shot down above England
  • 1940 Elmer Harris' "Johnny Belinda" premieres in NYC
  • 1940 Italian troops conquer Sidi Barrani
  • 1942 Canadian Broadcasting Corporation authorized for radio service
  • 1942 The order for "extermination of asocials through labour" is approved by Nazi Minister of Justice, Otto Thierack

Historic Event

1943 Adolf Hitler orders deportation of Danish Jews (unsuccessful)

  • 1943 Cardinals clinch NL pennant
  • 1944 WWII: British submarine Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed, including 1,377 allied POWs and 4,200 Javanese slave laborers
  • 1944 WWII: Eindhoven, Netherlands freed by American and British troops (Lightly Day)
  • 1944 WWII: US 266th division defeats German troops at Brest Bretagne in Brittany, France after a 7 week siege; 37,000 prisoners taken, ports rendered useless
  • 1945 1000 whites walk out of Gary, Indiana, schools to protest integration

Boxing Title Fight

1946 Joe Louis KOs Tami Mauriello in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

Historic Event

1947 The Central Intelligence Agency officially comes into existence after being established by President Truman in July

  • 1947 US Air Force created as a separate military service by passing of the National Security Act
  • 1947 US Department of Defense 1st day of operation
  • 1948 "Hilarities (of 1949)" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 14 performances
  • 1948 Communist Madiun-uprising in Dutch Indies (Muso/Sjarifudin)

Appointment of Interest

1948 Ralph Bunche confirmed as acting UN mediator in Palestine

  • 1949 Baseball major league record 4 grand slams hit
  • 1950 Nakagawa Soen, Japanese Zen teacher, receives dharma transmission

Film Premiere

1951 "A Streetcar Named Desire", film directed by Elia Kazan based on Tennessee Williams' 1947 play of the same name, starring Marlon Brando and Vivien Leigh, premieres at the Warner Theater, NYC

  • 1951 "The Day the Earth Stood Still", science fiction film directed by Robert Wise, and starring Michael Rennie, opens
  • 1954 Cleveland Indians clinch AL pennant, beat Tigers (3-2)
  • 1954 KTUL TV channel 8 in Tulsa, OK (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 WLOS TV channel 13 in G'ville-Spartanburg, SC (ABC) 1st broadcast

Baseball Record

1955 Willie Mays hits record tying 9th HR at Ebbets Field (ties Joe Adcock)

Baseball Record

1956 Mickey Mantle is 8th to hit 50 HRs in a season

  • 1957 Electric train joining in Amsterdam-Brussels
  • 1957 US Western TV drama "Wagon Train" premieres
  • 1958 The Fresno Drop: Bank of America mails out 60,000 BankAmericards in Fresco, California, the first credit card (later renamed VISA)
  • 1959 Vanguard 3 launched into Earth orbit

Historic Event

1961 Transair Sweden DC-6 passenger aircraft chartered by the United Nations for transit to cease-fire negotiations during the Congo Crisis, crashed near Ndola, Northern Rhodesia (present-day Zambia), killing 16, including UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld, the second Secretary-General of the United Nations, and 15 others; official inquiries never determined the cause

  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 Bob Aspromonte sets NL 3rd baseman record of 57 cons errorless games
  • 1962 Charlie Finley is denied permission to move As to Dallas-Fort Worth
  • 1962 Rwanda, Burundi, Jamaica & Trinidad admitted (105th-108th) to UN
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1963 Final MLB game at Polo Grounds, New York City; 1,752 see Philadelphia Phillies defeat New York Mets 5-1
  • 1963 USSR orders 58.5 million barrels of cereal from Australia

Television Premiere

1964 TV series "The Addams Family", starring John Astin, Carolyn Jones, Jackie Coogan, and Ted Cassidy premieres on ABC

  • 1964 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Television Premiere

1965 Mel Brooks and Buck Henry's spy spoof sitcom "Get Smart" starring Don Adams, Barbara Feldon, and Edward Platt, debuts on NBC-TV

  • 1965 Mickey Mantle Day at Yankee Stadium: Mantle play his 2,000th game

Television Premiere

1965 TV sitcom "I Dream of Jeannie", starring Barbara Eden as a 2,000-year-old genie, and Larry Hagman as an astronaut who becomes her master, premieres on NBC

Sports History

1966 Baltimore quarterback Johnny Unitas throws 4 touchdown passes in 38-23 win at Minnesota to surpass Y.A. Tittle as NFL's career leader with 212; finishes career with 290 TD passes

  • 1967 Intrepid (US) beats Dame Pattie (Australia) in 21st America's Cup yacht race at Newport, Rhode Island
  • 1967 Yellowknife replaces Ottawa as capital of NW Territories, Canada

Film Premiere

1968 "Funny Girl" biopic film based on life of Fanny Brice premieres, directed by William Wyler, starring Barbra Streisand and Omar Sharif

  • 1968 Ray Washburn (Cards) no-hits SF Giants 2-0
  • 1969 American singer Tiny Tim (37) & Victoria "Miss Vicki" Budinger(17) get engaged

Historic Event

1971 Momofuku Ando markets the first Cup Noodle, packaging it in a waterproof polystyrene container

  • 1971 Ryder Cup Golf, Old Warson CC: US beats Europe, 18½-13½; after leading by 1 match, GB loses all Friday morning 4-ball matches to lose momentum
  • 1972 1st black NL umpire is Art Williams for Los Angeles vs San Diego
  • 1973 German FR & German DR admitted to UN
  • 1974 Hurricane Fifi hits coast of Honduras with 110 mph winds; about 5,000 die
  • 1975 Heiress-turned-bank robber Patricia Campbell Hearst captured by FBI in San Francisco

Historic Event

1976 Chinese Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong's funeral takes place in Beijing, China

  • 1976 Dom Mintoff's Labour Party wins Malta election

Sports History

1976 MLB Cleveland Indians player-manager Frank Robinson's last game as a player

  • 1976 Rev Sun Myung Moon holds "God Bless America" convention at Yankee Stadium in New York City
  • 1977 2nd Toronto International Film Festival opens
  • 1977 Courageous (US) sweeps Australia (Aust) in 24th America's Cup
  • 1977 US Voyager I takes 1st space photograph of Earth & Moon together
  • 1978 "WKRP in Cincinnati", an ensemble TV sitcom created by Hugh Wilson and set in a struggling radio station debuts on CBS
  • 1978 All four Kiss members release solo albums
  • 1979 Steven Lachs, appointed as California's first openly gay judge
  • 1979 The Who opens NYC concerts at Madison Square Garden
  • 1980 'Les Miserables' opens at Palais des Sports, Paris
  • 1980 Royals Willie Wilson steals AL-record 28 consecutive base
  • 1980 Soyuz 38 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Cuban) to Salyut 6 space station
  • 1981 Assemblée Nationale votes to abolish capital punishment in France.
  • 1982 7th Toronto International Film Festival: "Tempest" directed by Paul Mazursky wins the People's Choice Award
  • 1982 Sabra and Shatila massacres - Christian militia massacre at least 700 Palestinians in retaliation for assassination of Bachir Gemayel
  • 1983 Action series "Hardcastle and McCormick" premieres on ABC in the US
  • 1983 George Meegen completes 2,426d (19K mi) walk across Western Hemisphere
  • 1983 Kiss' first "unmasked" (no make up) appearance on MTV
  • 1983 Lebanese & Syrian army battle
  • 1983 New Orleans Saints 1st OT victory; beating Chicago Bears 34-31
  • 1984 Joe Kittinger completes 1st solo balloon crossing of Atlantic
  • 1984 Tigers clinch AL East championship (spent all year in 1st place)

Sports History

1984 Tim Raines is 1st player with 4 consecutive 70-stolen-base seasons

  • 1985 "Song & Dance" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 474 performances
  • 1985 "The Equalizer" TV spy/crime drama debuts in the US on CBS (starring Edward Woodward)
  • 1985 BBC Radio reports prime # 2^216091-1 found in Houston

Cricket History

1986 David Boon's 3rd Test cricket century, 122 v India at Madras

  • 1987 Detroit first baseman Darrell Evans hits home run #30 off Bill Wegman in 5th inning of Tigers' 7-6 win over the Milwaukee Brewers; first 40 year old to hit 30 MLB HRs in a season

Film Release

1987 Film thriller "Fatal Attraction" directed by Adrian Lyne, starring Michael Douglas and Glenn Close is released

  • 1987 US & USSR sign accord to remove mid range missiles
  • 1987 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1988 Burma suspends its constitution
  • 1988 Coup in Haiti: General Prosper Avril takes control, Henri Namphy flees
  • 1988 Magna Charta Universitatum signed to celebrate university traditions and mark 900th anniversary of the founding of Bologna University, the oldest in the world
  • 1989 Hurricane Hugo causes extensive damage in Puerto Rico
  • 1990 500 lb 6' Hershey Kiss is displayed at 1 Times Square, NYC
  • 1990 Atlanta is chosen to host 1996 (centennial) Summer Olympics
  • 1990 Crude prices outpace increases in product prices and there is talk of cutting refinery runs
  • 1990 Liechtenstein becomes a member of the United Nations.
  • 1991 American Major League Baseball executive John Hart becomes general manager of Cleveland Indians
  • 1991 NCAA places Tennessee on 2 years probation for football recruiting violations
  • 1991 Robert Helmick resigns as president of US Olympic Committee
  • 1991 Space shuttle STS 48 (Discovery 14) lands
  • 1991 Yugoslavia begins a naval blockade of 7 Adriatic port cities.
  • 1993 18th Toronto International Film Festival: "The Snapper" directed by Stephen Frears wins the People's Choice Award
  • 1993 Kimberly Clarice Aiken (SC), 18, crowned 67th Miss America 1994
  • 1993 LA Mighty Ducks play their 1st NHL pre-season game against Penguins
  • 1993 Trailing 3-1 with 2 outs in 9th, time is called prior to Mike Stanley pop out, gets a 2nd chance, & Yanks rally to beat Boston 4-3

President's Cup

1994 1st Presidents Cup Golf, Robert Trent Jones GC: Davis Love III is undefeated as US beats International team, 20-12 in inaugural event

  • 1994 Austrian conservative FVP wins election; extreme right gets 18.5%

Farm Aid Concert

1994 Farm Aid VII held in New Orleans, Louisiana; performers include Willie Nelson, Neil Young, Neville Brothers, Spin Doctors, Gin Blossoms, John Conlee, Kris Kristofferson, Al Hirt, and Pete Fountain [1]

Television Premiere

1994 Ken Burn's documentary miniseries "Baseball" premieres on PBS (Emmy for Outstanding Informational Series)

  • 1994 Sweden social-democratic SPD wins parliamentary election
  • 1995 Art Modell 1st meets (he claims) with Baltimore to move Browns there from Cleveland
  • 1995 Space shuttle STS-69 (Endeavour 9), lands

Baseball Record

1996 Roger Clemens ties his own major league record with 20 strikeouts

  • 1997 Controversial art exhibition "Sensation" featuring works by Young British Artists from the collection of Charles Saatchi opens at the Royal Academy in London