On This Day

Historical Events on September 19

Historic Event

335 Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar by his uncle Constantine I.

  • 634 Muslim forces led by Khalid ibn al-Walid capture Damascus, 1st major city of Eastern Roman Empire taken by the Rashidun Caliphate

Historic Event

1356 English forces under Edward the Black Prince defeat French at the Battle of Poitiers and capture the French King John II during the Hundred Years' War

  • 1523 Emperor Charles I & England sign anti-French covenant
  • 1559 Five Spanish ships sink in storm off Tampa, about 600 die
  • 1580 Treaty of Plessis-lez-Tours (Anjou/Dutch States-General)
  • 1642 Perpignan surrenders to French troops
  • 1656 Treaty of Labiau: Sweden gives Prussia, Brandenburg
  • 1657 Brandenburg & Poland sign Treaty of Wehlau
  • 1668 Polish King John II Casimir Vasa resigns and goes to France the following year
  • 1676 Rebels under Nathaniel Bacon set Jamestown, Virginia on fire
  • 1755 Great Britain & Russia sign military agreement
  • 1777 Battle of Freeman's Farm (Bemis Heights) or 1st Battle of Saratoga
  • 1778 The Continental Congress passes the first budget of the United States.
  • 1795 Tula, leader of Curacao slave opposition, imprisoned

Historic Publication

1796 George Washington's farewell address as US President is published

  • 1838 Ephraim Morris patents railroad brake
  • 1848 Hyperion, moon of Saturn, discovered by Bond (US) & Lassell (England)
  • 1849 1st commercial laundry established, in Oakland, California
  • 1854 Henry Meyer patents sleeping rail car
  • 1862 -20] Battle at Blackford's Ford, Virginia
  • 1862 Battle at Iuka Mississippi (1,700 casualties)

Battle of Interest

1863 Battle of Chickamauga, GA (near Chattanooga) begins; Union forces retreat after a couple days of fighting

  • 1864 3rd Battle of Winchester, Virginia (Opequon, 3rd Winchester)
  • 1865 Atlanta University founded
  • 1870 Siege of Paris by Prussian Forces begins (lasts until January 28 1871)
  • 1876 1st carpet sweeper patented (Melville Bissell of Grand Rapids, Mich)
  • 1876 Talks begin to set up a football club in Ottawa
  • 1879 Thomas Ray becomes youngest to break a world track & field record pole-vaulting 11' 2½" at age 17 years & 198 days
  • 1879 The Blackpool Illuminations are switched on for the first time.
  • 1888 One of first known modern beauty contests held in Spa, Belgium
  • 1890 Turkish frigate "Ertogrul" burns off of Japan, kills 540
  • 1896 Beginning of the Bombay plague epidemic when Dr.Acacio Gabriel Viegas detects the first case in Mandvi. Goes on to spread and kill 12 million in India.
  • 1901 11 baseball games canceled due to funeral of President William McKinley
  • 1903 King Leopold II denies Belgian cruelty in Congo
  • 1904 Gen Nogi's assault on Port Arthur: 16,000 Japanese casualties
  • 1908 Gustav Mahler's 7th Symphony premieres in Prague

Music Premiere

1910 George M. Cohan's musical "Get-Rich-Quick Wallingford" premieres in NYC

  • 1911 Red Tuesday; 20,000 protest for universal rights
  • 1912 Pius X encyclical Singular quadam, against interconfess unions
  • 1912 Soccer team NAC (Noad Advendo Combination) forms in Breda
  • 1914 Brooklyn Tip-Tops' Ed Lafitte no-hits Kansas City Packers (Federal League), 6-2
  • 1916 First landing at Schiphol Airport, Netherlands (Farman F-22 of Soesterberg)
  • 1916 Belgian troops conquer Tabora, German East Africa
  • 1921 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Germantown CC, Philadelphia: Bill Tilden successfully defends title; beats Wallace F. Johnson 6-1, 6-3, 6-1

Historic Event

1922 Queen Wilhelmina assumes Dutch throne with 119 word speech

  • 1923 Ernst Tollers "Hinkemann," premieres in Leipzig
  • 1925 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills NY: Bill Tilden wins 6th consecutive US title; beats Bill Johnston for 4th straight year 4-6, 11-9, 6-3, 4-6, 6-3
  • 1926 80,000 demonstrate for democratic peace in Hague
  • 1926 The San Siro is inaugurated with a match between AC Milan and Inter.
  • 1929 Latvia dictator A Woldemaras chased out

PGA Championship

1931 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Wannamoisett CC: 20 year old American Tom Creavy beats Denny Shute, 2 & 1 in the final for his lone major title

  • 1931 Japanese troops conquer Mukden, South Manchuria
  • 1931 Lefty Grove wins his 30th game of season over White Sox, 2-1
  • 1933 NY Giants clinch the pennant
  • 1934 Bruno Haptmann arrested for kidnapping Lindbergh baby
  • 1939 British Expeditionary Force reaches France

Radio History

1939 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) becomes radio host of Reichsrundfunk Berlin

  • 1939 Wehrmacht (German regular army) murders 100 Jews in Lukov Poland
  • 1940 Nazi decree forbids gentile woman to work in Jewish homes

Historic Event

1940 Witold Pilecki is voluntarily captured and sent to Auschwitz in order to smuggle out information and start a resistance

Meeting of Interest

1941 1st meeting of partisan leaders Tito & Draza Mihailovic in Yugoslavia

  • 1941 German army conquers Kiev
  • 1941 Nazis force German Jews, 6 & over to wear Jewish stars
  • 1943 Fanny Whiteers-Koen breaks jumping world record
  • 1943 Liberator bombers sinks U-341
  • 1944 Luftwaffe bombs Eindhoven: 200 killed
  • 1944 Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union is signed. (End of the Continuation War)

Historic Event

1945 Kim Il-sung arrives in harbor of Wonsan, Korea

Sports History

1947 Jackie Robinson is named 1947 "Rookie of Year"

  • 1948 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Pancho Gonzales wins first of 2 consecutive US singles titles; beats Eric Sturgess 6-2, 6-3, 14-12
  • 1948 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Margaret Osborne duPont wins first of 3 straight US singles crowns; beats Louise Brough Clapp 4-6, 6-4, 15-13
  • 1949 "Late Spring", Japanese film directed by Yasujirō Ozu, starring Chishū Ryū, Setsuko Hara and Haruko Sugimura, is released in Japan
  • 1950 European Payment Union forms in Paris
  • 1950 Great Three (England, US, and France) acknowledge Bonn Government as the only German government
  • 1950 UN reject membership of China's People Republic
  • 1951 1st broadcast of "Search for Tomorrow" on CBS-TV
  • 1951 Italian civil servants strike for pay increase

Television Premiere

1952 "Adventures of Superman" TV series starring George Reeves premieres in syndication in the US

Film & TV History

1952 The United States bars Charlie Chaplin from re-entering the country after a trip to England

  • 1953 "Hazel Flagg" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 190 performances

Historic Event

1955 An army and navy revolt forces Argentine President Juan Perón to resign and flee to Paraguay

Baseball Record

1955 Cubs slugger Ernie Banks hits record 5th grand slam of season

  • 1955 Hurricane Hilda, kills 200 in Mexico
  • 1956 1st international conference of black writers & artists meets (Sorbonne)
  • 1957 1st underground nuclear explosion at Las Vegas Nevada
  • 1957 Dalida is the 1st artist to be awarded a gold record in France for 300,000 sales of "Bambino"

Film & TV History

1959 Nikita Khrushchev is denied access to Disneyland

Historic Event

1960 "LIFE" magazine celebrates artist Anna Mary "Grandma" Moses' 100th birthday by putting her on their cover

  • 1961 Betty and Barney Hill claim that they saw a mysterious craft in the sky and that it tried to abduct them.
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1963 Iota Phi Theta Fraternity, Inc. is founded at Morgan State University in Baltimore, Maryland.
  • 1965 Erhards CDU wins West German parliament elections
  • 1966 Mike Burke named Yankees pres
  • 1968 Nigerian federal army begins the "final offensive" against the secessionist state of Biafra during the Nigerian Civil War

Television Premiere

1970 "The Mary Tyler Moore Show" premieres on CBS

  • 1970 1st Glastonbury Festival in Pilton, England opens: Tyrannosaurus Rex headlines; other performs include: Wayne Fontana, Steamhammer, Duster Bennett, Al Stewart, Amazing Blondel, Keith Christmas, Quintessence, and Stackridge
  • 1971 New York City Marathon: inaugural women's race won by Beth Bonner in 2:55:22; 2nd men's race won by Norman Higgins in 2:22:54
  • 1972 A parcel bomb sent to Israeli Embassy in London kills one diplomat.
  • 1973 Carl XVI Gustaf, becomes King of Sweden

Baseball Record

1973 Frank Robinson, Angels OF, homers in record 32nd major league ballpark - Arlington Stadium (Arlington, Texas), against the Rangers

  • 1973 NL refuses to allow San Diego Padres move to Washington, D.C.
  • 1973 Pirate Radio Free America (off Cape May NJ) forms
  • 1973 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Historic Event

1974 The KGB begin a large-scale operation to discredit Russian novelist Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn and cut his communications with Soviet dissidents

  • 1975 Indonesia sends troops to Portuguese East Timor

Film Premiere

1975 "Fawlty Towers" starring John Cleese, Prunella Scales and Andrew Sachs premieres on BBC2 in the UK

  • 1976 New York concert promoter Sid Bernstein offers $230 million to charity for a Beatles reunion; they politely decline
  • 1976 "Going Up" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 49 performances

Music Concert

1979 No Nukes Concert at Madison Square Garden includes Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band; Bonnie Raitt; Crosby, Stills & Nash: Jackson Browne; and The Doobie Brothers

  • 1980 Titan II missile explosion (Damascus, AR)
  • 1980 "Ordinary People" directed by Robert Redford and starring Donald Sutherland, Mary Tyler Moore and Judd Hirsch is released (Best Picture 1981)
  • 1981 Satellites China 10 & 11 launched into Earth orbit by B-1 rocket
  • 1981 Simon & Garfunkel reunite for a NYC Central Park concert for an audience estimated at 500,000 members
  • 1981 6th Toronto International Film Festival: "Chariots of Fire" directed by Hugh Hudson wins the People's Choice Award

Emmy Awards

1982 34th Emmy Awards: Hill St Blue, Barney Miller, Alan Alda & Carol Kane win

  • 1982 New Orleans Saints 1st road shutout victory beating Chicago Bears 10-0
  • 1982 Streetcars stop running on Market St, San Francisco after 122 years of service
  • 1983 David Slowinski on 2 CRAY-1 comp's find 2^132049-1 prime #
  • 1983 St Kitts & Nevis declares independence from UK
  • 1984 Britain & China complete a proposed agreement to transfer Hong Kong to China by 1997
  • 1985 8.1 earthquake in Mexico City kills an estimated 10,000 and leaves 250,000 homeless

Film Premiere

1986 3-D short film "Captain EO" with Michael Jackson premieres at Disney theme parks

  • 1986 Chicago White Sox Joe Crowley no-hits California Angels, 7-1
  • 1986 Australian cricketer Dean Jones scores 210 v India at Madras
  • 1986 US Federal health officials announce AZT will be available to AIDS patients
  • 1987 Kaye Lani Rae Rafko (Mich), 24, crowned 61st Miss America
  • 1987 12th Toronto International Film Festival: "The Princess Bride" directed by Rob Reiner wins the People's Choice Award

Farm Aid Concert

1987 Farm Aid III held in Lincoln, Nebraska; performers include Willie Nelson, John Mellencamp, Neil Young, Emmylou Harris, Vince Gill, Lyle Lovett, John Denver, and Joe Walsh [1]

  • 1988 Israel launches 1st satellite, for secret military reconnaissance

Olympic Games

1988 American diver Greg Louganis smashes his head on diving board during the 3m springboard preliminaries at the Seoul Olympics; recovers to qualify for the final which he wins the following day

Album Release

1988 Bon Jovi release their 4th album "New Jersey" - most top ten hits of any rock/glam metal album (5)

  • 1988 US women's all-round gymnastics team is controversially penalised 0.5 after compulsory round at the Seoul Olympics; substitute an alternate athlete on uneven bars medal podium; Americans finish 4th just 0.3 behind East Germany
  • 1988 Australian swimmer Duncan Armstrong sets world record 1:47.25 to win the 200m freestyle gold medal at the Seoul Olympics; beats Anders Holmertz of Sweden by 0.64
  • 1988 British swimmer Adrian Moorehouse wins 100m breaststroke gold medal in 1:02.04 at the Seoul Olympics; edges Károly Güttler of Hungary by 0.01
  • 1989 Chase Manhattan Discovery Center at Brooklyn Botanic Garden opens
  • 1989 French DC-10 crashes near Niger, 171 die
  • 1989 Appeals court restores America's Cup to US after NY Supreme Court gave it to NZ (NZ protested US's use of a catamaran)

Television Debut

1989 "Doogie Howser, M.D.", starring Neil Patrick Harris as a teenage physician, debuts on ABC

Album Release

1989 "Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814" 4th studio album by Janet Jackson is released (Grammy Award Best Long Form Music Video 1990, Billboard Album of the Year 1990)

  • 1991 Colt Precious Bunny wins the 46th Little Brown Jug at Delaware, Ohio
  • 1991 Ötzi the Iceman, 3,300 BCE old mummy discovered by German tourists in Italian alps
  • 1992 Sergei Boebka pole vaults world record (6.13m)
  • 1992 UN Security Council votes 12-0 (3 abstentions) to dump Yugoslavia
  • 1992 17th Toronto International Film Festival: "Strictly Ballroom" directed by Baz Luhrmann wins the People's Choice Award
  • 1992 Demolition begins of JFK Stadium in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; built in 1926 as Sesquicentennial Stadium, also known as Municipal Stadium, it hosted the 1926 Tunney-Dempsey fight, 41 Army-Navy football games, The Beatles; The Rolling Stones; victory rallies for The NHL Flyers and MLB Phillies; and the US portion of Live-Aid

Emmy Awards

1993 45th Emmy Awards: Seinfeld, Picket Fences & Ted Danson win

  • 1993 Actress Michele Phillips (Knots Landing) is robbed at gunpoint
  • 1993 Kimberly Clarice Aiken, 18, Miss SC wins 67th Miss America
  • 1993 Parliamentary election in Poland

Sports History

1993 Tom Glavine wins 20 games in 3 straight years

  • 1993 San Diego Chargers' kicker John Carney boots 6 field goals in an 18-17 win over Houston to set a new NFL record with 29 consecutive field goals made
  • 1994 3,000 US militia lands on Haiti
  • 1994 Swedish government of Bildt resigns

Television Premiere

1994 "ER" premieres on NBC, created by Michael Crichton, starring George Clooney, Anthony Edwards and Noah Wyle

  • 1995 Andres Galarraga is 4th to hit 30 HRs for Rockies in 1995
  • 1995 Padres Ken Caminiti switch hits HRs in 3rd of 4 games
  • 1995 The Washington Post and The New York Times publish the Unabomber's manifesto
  • 1996 "Skylight" opens at Royale Theater NYC
  • 1997 Guelb El-Kebir massacre in Algeria; 53 killed.

Toronto Film Festival

1998 23rd Toronto International Film Festival: "Life Is Beautiful" directed by Roberto Benigni wins the People's Choice Award

  • 1999 Federation Cup Women's Tennis, Stanford, California: Lindsay Davenport beats Elena Likhovtseva of Russia 6-4, 6-4 to give US an unassailable 3-0 lead (ends, 4-1) and their record extending 16th title

Baseball Record

2000 Ken Griffey Jr. pinch-hits his 400th home run becoming the first major league player to reach the mark as a pinch-hitter

  • 2004 56th Emmy Awards: The Sopranos, Arrested Development, James Spader and Allison Janney win
  • 2004 Ryder Cup Golf, Oakland Hills CC: Europe retains Cup wins 18½-9½; victory margin largest by a European team in history of the event

Sports History

2004 NFL Oakland Raider wide receiver Jerry Rice ends NFL streak of 274 consecutive games with a reception in a 13-10 victory over Buffalo Bills [1]

  • 2006 Thai military stages a coup in Bangkok. The Constitution is revoked and martial law is declared.

Sports History

2007 MS Dhoni named Captain of Indian Cricket team for the 1st time for the ICC World Twenty20

Sports History

2008 Greg Maddux pitches his 5,000th career inning against the San Francisco Giants

Toronto Film Festival

2009 34th Toronto International Film Festival: "Precious" directed by Lee Daniels wins the People's Choice Award

  • 2010 35th Toronto International Film Festival: "The King's Speech" directed by Tom Hooper wins the People's Choice Award

Television Debut

2011 Ashton Kutcher debuts on "Two and a Half Men", replacing Charlie Sheen

  • 2012 9 people are killed and 20 wounded by a car bombing in Peshawar, Afghanistan

Album Release

2014 Columbia Records releases "Cheek To Cheek", a duet album of jazz standards by singers Tony Bennett and Lady Gaga; debuts at #1 on Billboard 200, Jazz Albums, and Traditional Jazz Albums charts.

  • 2015 Japan beats South Africa 34-32 in Brighton, England in the biggest upset in Rugby World Cup history

Farm Aid Concert

2015 Farm Aid (30th Anniversary) held in Chicago, Illinois; performers include Willie Nelson, John Mellencamp, Neil Young, Dave Matthews, Imagine Dragons, Jack Johnson, Kacey Musgraves, Old Crow Medicine Show, and Mavis Staples [1]

  • 2016 Aid convoy into Urum al-Kubra, Syria attacked by air strikes, UN denounces as a war crime

United Nations Speech

2017 US President Donald Trump addresses the United Nations vowing to “totally destroy North Korea” if threatens the US

  • 2017 7.1 earthquake south east of Mexico City kills over 300

United Nations Speech

2017 President Hassan Rouhani of Iran in his UN speech criticizes US President Donald Trump for his comments about Iran in his own UN speech

  • 2017 New MLB record for most home runs in a season, no. 5,694 hit by Alex Gordon of the Kansas City Royals
  • 2018 Korean joint summit in Pyongyang agrees to limit North Korea's weapons programme and to South Korea economic cooperation
  • 2019 North America has lost 3 billion birds (29%) since 1970 according to analysis published in "Science"
  • 2019 Likely US drone attack kills at least 30 and injures 28 in Nangarhar Province,, Afghanistan
  • 2019 Taliban suicide truck bombing kills 22 and injures 90 at a hospital in Zabul Province, southern Afghanistan
  • 2019 Tropical Depression Imelda hits southeast Texas and Louisiana prompting widespread evacuations
  • 2020 US President Donald Trump vows to swear in a new Supreme Court judge, despite the election being only 45 days away
  • 2021 Cumbre Vieja volcano erupts on the Spanish island of La Palma, its first eruption since 1971
  • 2021 US apologizes for an Afghan airstrike that killed 10 civilians, including seven children

Music History

2021 RuPaul becomes the most decorated black artist in Emmy history, winning his 11th award for "RuPaul’s Drag Race"

  • 2021 73rd Emmy Awards: "The Crown" Best Drama, "Ted Lasso" Best Comedy, "Mare of Easttown" Best Limited Series
  • 2021 Body of travelogue blogger Gabby Petito found at Bridger-Teton National Forest, Wyoming