On This Day

Historical Events on September 20

  • 368 Emperor Valentinianus visits Nijmegen
  • 622 Islamic Prophet Muhammed/Abu Bakr arrives in Jathrib (Medina)
  • 1066 Battle of Fulford, Yorkshire: Harald III Hardrada of Norway defeats Northern Saxon Earls Edwin and Morcar

Historic Siege

1187 Saladin begins the Siege of Jerusalem.

  • 1258 Salisbury Cathedral inaugurated
  • 1378 Robert de Geneve, "butcher of Cesena" crowned anti-pope Clemens VII

Historic Expedition

1519 Spanish expedition led by Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan sets off on the 1st successful circumnavigation of the globe (Magellan killed on route)

  • 1530 Luther advises protestant monarch compromise
  • 1565 Spaniards capture Fort Caroline Florida & massacre the French
  • 1596 Diego de Montemayor founded the city of Monterrey in New Spain.
  • 1602 Spanish held city of Grave surrenders to Maurice of Orange during Eighty Years' War
  • 1604 Spanish army under Spinola recaptures Oostende

Historic Event

1620 Battle at Jassy: Turks beat king Sigismund III of Poland

Victory in Battle

1643 First Battle of Newbury (English civil war): King Charles I's forces beaten by a parliamentary army led by the Earl of Essex and Philip Stapleton

  • 1664 Maryland passes 1st anti-amalgamation law to stop intermarriage of English women & black men
  • 1674 2nd West Indies Company forms
  • 1688 French troops occupies Palts
  • 1697 Peace of Saki (ends 9 years war)
  • 1737 Runner Edward Marshall completes his journey in the Walking Purchase forcing the cession of 1.2 million acres (4,860 km²) of Lenape-Delaware tribal land to the Pennsylvania Colony

Battle of Interest

1777 Battle of Paoli; British forces under Major General Charles Grey attacks Brigadier General Anthony Wayne's encampment. Claims the British gave no quarter leads to engagement becoming known as the "Paoli Massacre"

  • 1787 Prince Willem V returns to Hague
  • 1792 French defeat Prussians at Valmy
  • 1793 British troops under Major-general Williamson lands on (French) Haiti
  • 1814 "Star Spangled Banner" published as a song, lyrics by Francis Scott Key, tune by John Stafford Smith
  • 1830 1st Negro Convention of Free Men agree to boycott slave-produced goods

Historic Event

1833 Charles Darwin arrives in Buenos Aires after travelling through the Argentine interior with guachos

  • 1835 Farroupilha's Revolution begins in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
  • 1839 1st railroad in Netherland opens (Amsterdam-Haarlem)
  • 1848 The American Association for the Advancement of Science is created.
  • 1850 Slave trade abolished in DC, but slavery allowed to continue

Battle of the Alma

1854 Battle of the Alma: first major battle of Crimean War. British and French alliance defeat the Russians

  • 1859 George Simpson patents electric range

Historic Event

1860 First British royalty to visit US, Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII)

  • 1861 Battle of Lexington, MI-captured by Union
  • 1863 Battle of Shepardstown VA

Battle of Interest

1863 US Civil War Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga, Tennessee ends with a Union withdrawal

  • 1870 Capture of Rome by Italian army, Pope Pius IX surrenders to King Victor Emmanuel which unifies Italy and ends 1,116 year reign of Papal States

Historic Event

1870 Mayor William Tweed accused of robbing NY treasury

  • 1871 Bishop John Coleridge Patteson martyred on the island of Nukapu, a Polynesian outlier island now in the Temotu province of the Solomon Islands. He was the first bishop of Melanesia.
  • 1873 Panic sweeps NY Stock Exchange (railroad bond default/bank failure) NY shut banks for 10 days due to a bank scandal
  • 1876 Ottawa Football Club forms
  • 1877 Chase National Bank opens in NYC (later merges into Chase Manhattan)

Historic Event

1879 Ulysses S. Grant and family go to SF for elaborate extended visit

Historic Event

1881 Chester A. Arthur sworn in as 21st president

  • 1884 6.2 mile Arlberg railroad tunnel completed in Austria
  • 1884 Equal Rights Party nominates female candidates for US President and Vice President
  • 1893 The first gasoline-powered car debuts in Springfield, Massachusetts
  • 1902 Chicago White Sox pitcher Jimmy 'Nixey' Callahan no-hits Detroit Tigers, 3-0
  • 1904 George Ade's "College Widow," premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1904 Orville & Wilbur Wright fly a circle in their Flyer II

  • 1905 Cleveland makes AL record 7 errors in an inning
  • 1906 Cunard Line's RMS Mauretania is launched at the Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson shipyard in Newcastle, England.
  • 1907 Pittsburgh Pirates pitcher Nick Maddox no-hits Brooklyn Superbas, 2-1 at Exposition Park, Pittsburgh
  • 1908 Chicago White Sox Frank Smith 2nd no-hitter, beats Philadelphia 1-0
  • 1909 The British Parliament passes the South Africa Act; it calls for union of Cape Colony, Natal, Orange River Colony, and Transvaal; and both English and Dutch as official languages
  • 1911 Yanks set team record 12 errors in a double header

US Golf Open

1913 US Open Men's Golf, The Country Club: 20-year old amateur Francis Ouimet wins his only Open title in an 18-hole playoff, 5 strokes ahead of Britons Harry Vardon & Ted Ray

  • 1914 John Redmond urges Irish Volunteers to enlist in the British Army
  • 1917 British assault on Polygon Forest, France
  • 1917 Paraguay becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1918 Royal Dutch Blast furnace & Steel factory opens in Hague

PGA Championship

1919 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Engineers CC: Defending champion Jim Barnes defeats Fred McLeod, 6 & 5 in the final

Baseball Record

1919 Legendary baseball slugger Babe Ruth ties Ned Williamson's MLB mark of 27 home runs with a 9th inning blast in Boston Red Sox 4-3 win against Chicago WS

  • 1919 Booth Tarkington's "Clarence," premieres in NYC
  • 1920 Foundation of the Spanish Legion.
  • 1922 Goodman & Atteridge's musical "Passing Show," opens at Winter Garden Theatre, NYC

Baseball Record

1922 St. Louis Cardinals future Baseball Hall of Fame infielder Rogers Hornsby ends hitting streak of 33 games

  • 1924 PGA Championship Men's Golf, French Lick CC: 1921 champion Walter Hagen beats Englishman Jim Barnes 2-up in the final
  • 1924 Carl Mays is 1st pitcher to win 20 games seasons for 3 different teams
  • 1924 Cub's Grover Cleveland Alexander beats NY Giants to win 300th game

Assassination Attempt

1926 Bugs Moran attempts to assassinate Al Capone in a drive-by shooting but fails

  • 1930 Syro-Malankara Catholic Church is formed by Archbishop Mar Ivanios.

Sports History

1931 MLB's Lou Gehrig's 4 RBIs break his old RBI mark of 175 en route to 184

  • 1932 Chicago Cubs clinch the NL pennant
  • 1932 Dutch South Seas rebaptized in IJsselmeer

Historic Event

1932 Mahatma Gandhi begins a hunger strike against the way Hindu untouchables are treated

  • 1933 Pittsburgh Steelers (as Pirates) play 1st NFL game, lose 23-2
  • 1935 Pitts Crawfords beat NY Cubans to win Negro NL Championship, 3-0

Music History

1938 Dmitri Shostakovich's Suite for jazz orchestra, premieres

  • 1938 Emlyn Williams' "Corn is Green," premieres in London
  • 1939 British navy captures German U-27 boat

Boxing Title Fight

1939 Joe Louis KOs Bob Pastor in 11 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1942 Gunther Hagg becomes world champ of all records from 1500m to 5000m
  • 1943 Liberator bomber sinks U-338
  • 1944 Nijmegen is liberated from German occupation
  • 1944 Polish forces free Terneuzen Neth
  • 1945 German rocket engineers begin work in US
  • 1946 Churchill argues for a 'United States of Europe'
  • 1948 Heitor Villa-Lobos' folk operetta "Magdalena" opens at Ziegfeld Theater, NYC; runs for 88 performances
  • 1948 Mexican Baseball league disbanded
  • 1949 Dutch Guilder devalued 30.3%
  • 1949 Top American tennis player Pancho Gonzales turns professional
  • 1951 1st North Pole jet crossing
  • 1951 MLB owners elect National League President Ford Frick as 3rd Baseball Commissioner for a 7-year term at a then massive $65,000 per annum
  • 1951 Swiss males votes against female suffrage
  • 1952 KPTV TV channel 12 in Portland, OR (IND) begins broadcasting

Sports History

1953 Cubs Ernie Banks hits his 1st major league HR

  • 1954 1st FORTRAN computer program run
  • 1954 1st National People's Congress adopts Chinese constitution
  • 1954 KETC TV channel 9 in Saint Louis, MO (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 Los Stravinsky's "In Memoriam Dylan Thomas," premieres in Angeles

Sports History

1954 Roger Bannister awarded Britain's Silver Pears Trophy

  • 1954 New Zealand's Special Committee on Moral Delinquency in Children and Adolescents reports just ten days after concluding hearings.

Baseball Record

1955 Willie Mays (Giants) homers off Vern Law (Pirates) in both ends of DH

Music Premiere

1957 Leontyne Price makes her operatic stage debut singing Madame Lidoine in the US premiere of "Dialogues of the Carmelites" in San Francisco

  • 1958 Baltimore Oriole knuckleball pitcher Hoyt Wilhelm no-hits NY Yankees 1-0
  • 1958 Ferhat Abbas forms Algerian government in exile (Cairo)
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1960 UN General Assembly admit 13 African countries & Cyprus (96 nations)
  • 1960 WFSU TV channel 11 in Tallahassee, FL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1961 After 84 1/3 innings Bill Fischer gives up a base on balls

Historic Event

1961 African-American student James Meredith is refused enrolment to the segregated University of Mississippi

  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Baseball Record

1961 Roger Maris hits home run # 59 & barely misses # 60 in game 154 of the season. Yanks clinch pennant #26

  • 1962 Ben Bella wins 1st elections in independent Algeria
  • 1962 Mississippi Governor Ross Barnett refuses to admit an African-American, James Meredith, to Mississippi University

Voyage of Discovery

1963 JFK proposes a joint US-Soviet voyage to the moon

Theater Premiere

1964 Günter Grass' play "Die Plebejern proben den Aufstand," premieres in Berlin

  • 1964 Paramount Theater (NYC) presents The Beatles with Steve & Eydie
  • 1964 20th America's Cup yachting: Eric Ridder skippered Constellation beats English challenger Sovereign for a 4-0 American series sweep off Newport, RI
  • 1965 WXXW (now WYCC) TV channel 20 in Chicago, IL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1966 US Surveyor B launched toward Moon; crashed Sept 23
  • 1967 Benin separates from Nigeria

Historic Event

1967 British liner Queen Elizabeth II launched at Clydebank Scotland

  • 1967 Hurricane Beulah hits Texas-Mexican border, kills 38
  • 1967 WCAE TV channel 50 in St John, IN (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 WCIX TV channel 6 in Miami, FL (CBS) begins broadcasting

Baseball Record

1968 Mickey Mantle hits final career homer # 536

Ryder Cup

1969 Ryder Cup Golf, Royal Birkdale GC: US, Great Britain tie, 16-16; great sporting gesture, America's Jack Nicklaus concedes missable 3-foot putt to Tony Jacklin at the 18th hole for the draw

  • 1969 Virtual band Archies' single "Sugar Sugar" hits #1
  • 1969 Pitts Pirate Bob Moose no-hits NY Mets, 4-0

Davis Cup

1969 58th Davis Cup: American pair Bob Lutz & Stan Smith clinch final 8-6, 6-1, 11-9 over Ilie Năstase & Ion Țiriac of Romania in Cleveland, OH; ends 5-0

Music History

1970 Jim Morrison found guilty of "open profanity and indecent exposure" after allegedly exposing himself at a concert in Miami in 1969

  • 1970 Soviet spcecraft Luna 16 lands on Moon's Mare Fecunditatis, drills core sample

Music History

1972 Police find cannabis growing on Paul & Linda McCartney's farm

  • 1972 Libya acquires a 50 percent interest in two ENI oil concessions
  • 1972 The Social Democratic and Labour Party issues a document entitled "Towards a New Ireland", proposing that the British and Irish governments should have joint sovereignty over Northern Ireland

Ryder Cup

1975 Ryder Cup Golf, Laurel Valley GC: US beats Great Britain & Ireland, 21-11; Arnold Palmer non-playing American captain; Bernard Hunt GB & I skipper

#1 in the Charts

1975 David Bowie's "Fame," single goes #1 for 2 weeks

  • 1975 Gary Sentman draws a record 176 lb longbow to a maximum 28½" draw
  • 1976 Metroliner official opens in Brussels

Historic Event

1976 Playboy releases Jimmy Carter's interview which includes the quote “I’ve looked on a lot of women with lust."

  • 1977 "Estrada" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 7 performances
  • 1977 Vietnam & Djibouti ask for membership in UN
  • 1977 Russell Means addresses the UNHCR in Geneva: criticizes the United States, describing Native Americans as "people who live in the belly of the monster"
  • 1978 Musical review "Eubie!", based on the songs of composer Eubie Blake, opens at Ambassador Theater, NYC; runs for 439 performances
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1978 Yamada Mumon Roshi visits Benedictine Abbey of Maria Laach Germany
  • 1979 Jose E dod Santos becomes president of Angola
  • 1979 NASA launches HEAO 3
  • 1979 Lee Iacocca is elected president of the Chrysler Corporation
  • 1979 The Punjab wing of the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist-Leninist) formally splits and constitutes a parallel UCCRI(ML).
  • 1979 Assassination of French left-wing militant Pierre Goldman.
  • 1980 Bronze plaque dedicated to memory of catcher Thurman Munson unveiled at Yankee Stadium: Munson died in plane crash in 1979

Sports History

1980 George Brett goes 0-for-4 dropping his avg below .400 for good

  • 1980 Spectacular Bid runs in Belmont alone as 3 horses drop out

Album Release

1980 "Blizzard of Ozz", the debut solo album by English rock musician Ozzy Osbourne, is released in the United Kingdom

  • 1981 Ryder Cup Golf, Walton Heath GC: US wins 18½-9½; 6th and final Ryder Cup for Jack Nicklaus as a player; wins all 4 of his matches
  • 1981 Joe Danelo kicks then NY Giant record 55 yard field goal
  • 1982 Jalaluddin takes a one-day hat-trick Pakistan v Australia
  • 1983 3,112 turn out to see Pirates play NY Mets at Shea Stadium
  • 1983 Cryptographic Communications System & Method (RSA) patented
  • 1984 "Cosby Show" premieres on NBC-TV
  • 1984 Cubs break 2 million in home attendance for 1st time
  • 1984 Suicide car bomb attacks US Embassy annex in Beirut, kills 23
  • 1985 Curtis Strong is convicted for selling cocaine to pro baseball players
  • 1985 Walt Disney World's 200-millionth guest
  • 1986 Wichita State Shockers blow a 35-3 lead; lose 36-35 to Morehead State
  • 1987 "Big River" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC after 1005 performances

Emmy Awards

1987 39th Emmy Awards: LA Law, Bruce Willis & Sharon Gless win

Sports History

1987 French driver Alain Prost wins Portuguese Grand Prix at Estoril; his record 28th Formula 1 victory

  • 1987 San Francisco wide receiver Dwight Clark's NFL record streak of 105 consecutive games with a reception ends in 49ers 27-26 victory in Cincinnati

NFL Record

1987 Chicago running back Walter Payton scores his NFL record 107th rushing touchdown in the Bears' 20-3 victory over Tampa Bay

  • 1988 Detroit first baseman Darrell Evans hits home run #18 in Tigers' 4-3 loss to Cleveland Indians; Evans' 400th MLB career HR

Olympic Gold

1988 American diver Greg Louganis wins the 3m springboard gold medal at the Seoul Olympics after famously hitting his head on the board the previous day

  • 1988 Wade Boggs is 1st player to get 200 hits for 6 consecutive seasons
  • 1988 "Loving Proof" second studio album by Ricky Van Shelton is released (Billboard Song of the Year 1989)

Music Premiere

1989 Musical "Miss Saigon," premieres in London, created by Claude-Michel Schönberg and Alain Boublil

  • 1989 USAir overshoots runway at LaGuardia Airport in NYC, 2 people die
  • 1990 Both East and West Germany ratify reunification
  • 1990 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1990 South Ossetia declares its independence from Georgia
  • 1991 Lion's Terry Taylor reinstated after 1 year drug related suspension
  • 1992 France votes in favor of Maastricht treaty
  • 1992 Leanza Cornett (Florida), 21, crowned 66th Miss America 1993
  • 1992 Phils' Mickey Moradini makes an unassisted triple play
  • 1992 Space shuttle STS-47 (Endeavour 2) lands
  • 1994 Space shuttle STS-64 (Discovery 20), lands
  • 1995 Cincinnati Reds becomes 1st team to clinch NL Central
  • 1997 Yanks clinch 37th appearance in post season, 3rd consecutive
  • 1998 Solheim Cup Women's Golf, Muirfield Village: US retains Cup; beats Europe 16-12 for third consecutive victory

Federation Cup

1998 Federation Cup Women's Tennis, Geneva, Switzerland: Conchita Martínez & Arantxa Sánchez Vicario beat Martina Hingis & Patty Schnyder of Switzerland 6-0, 6-2 in doubles decider to clinch Spain's 5th title, 3-2

Television Premiere

1999 TV crime procedural "Law & Order: Special Victims Unit" created by Dick Wolf, starring Mariska Hargitay and Christopher Meloni premieres on NBC

  • 2000 Patent on RSA cryptograph algorithm ends
  • 2000 The British MI6 Secret Intelligence Service building is attacked by a Russian-built Mark 22 anti-tank missile.