On This Day

Historical Events on September 22

Historic Event

66 Emperor Nero creates the Legion I Italica

  • 530 Boniface II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 530 St Felix IV reign as Catholic Pope ends
  • 530 Discorus begins his reign as Catholic anti-Pope
  • 1236 The Lithuanians and Semigallians defeat the Livonian Brothers of the Sword in Battle of Šiauliai.
  • 1499 Switzerland becomes an independent state
  • 1504 Settled engagement of Karel of Luxembourg & Claudia the Beaujeu

Treaty of Interest

1504 Treaty of Blois signed between Philip of Burgundy, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and French King Louis XII

  • 1529 Cardinal Thomas Wolsey stripped of office as Lord Chancellor of England
  • 1586 Battle at Zutphen: Dutch army, assisted by the English, against the Spanish

Historic Event

1598 Playwright and poet Ben Jonson is indicted for manslaughter as the result of a duel

  • 1656 All female jury hears case of Judith Catchpole, accused of killing her child (acquit her) in Patuxent County, Maryland

Theater Premiere

1665 Moliere's comedic play "L'amour Medecin" premieres for King Louis XIV at Versailles

Salem Witch Trials

1692 Last people hanged for witchcraft (8) in the US, 19 hanged overall, with six other deaths during Salem witch trials

  • 1699 People of Rotterdam strike over high cost of butter
  • 1711 French troops occupy Rio de Janeiro
  • 1733 Polish King Lesczynski flees to Danzig

Historic Event

1735 Robert Walpole becomes the first British "Prime Minister" (actually First Lord of the Treasury) to live at 10 Downing Street

  • 1753 Pangeran Gusti installed as Sultan of Banten
  • 1756 Nassau Hall opens at Princeton University

Royal Coronation

1761 Coronation of King George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte

  • 1772 1st Partition of Poland is ratified by Austria, Prussia and Russia

Historic Publication

1773 Benjamin Franklin publishes a hoax letter "An Edict by the King of Prussia" in the Public Advertiser, criticising Britain's colonial policies in the American colonies

  • 1784 Russian trappers establish a colony on Kodiak Island, Alaska
  • 1789 US Congress passes act requiring the first Postmaster General to report to the President through the Secretary of the Treasury

Historic Event

1792 French First Republic formed by the National Convention, stripping the French king of his powers

Historic Event

1817 John Quincy Adams becomes US Secretary of State

Scientific Discovery

1832 During his HMS Beagle voyage Charles Darwin discovers a large number of fossils at Punta Alta in Argentina

  • 1851 City of Des Moines, Iowa incorporated as Fort Des Moines
  • 1861 Fort Fauntleroy (Wingate) in New Mexico fires on and kills Navajo Indians after horse race dispute

Historic Event

1862 US President Abraham Lincoln issues preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, threatening to free all enslaved people in the rebel southern states if those states fail to re-join the Union by January 1, 1863 [1]

  • 1864 Battle of Fisher's Hill, Virginia - General Early Retreats to Brown's Gap
  • 1864 Sheridan sets up camp in Harrisonburg, Virginia

Victory in Battle

1866 War of the Triple Alliance: Decisive battle of Curupayty results in a Paraguayan victory and heavy losses for Argentinian and Brazilian forces

  • 1868 Race riots in New Orleans, Louisiana

Music Premiere

1869 Richard Wagner's opera "Das Rheingold" (the 1st piece of his "Ring" cycle) premieres in Munich, Germany

Historic Event

1877 Rudolf Virchow delivers an anti-Darwinian speech to the Congress of German Naturalist and Physicians, Munich where he speaks against the teaching of the theory of evolution in schools

  • 1885 Lord Randolph Churchill makes a speech in Ulster in opposition to Home Rule e.g. "Ulster will fight and Ulster will be right"
  • 1890 Fist known ascent of Mt. Olympus, Washington, by an expedition led by Joseph P. O'Neil [1]

Historic Event

1896 Queen Victoria surpasses her grandfather King George III as the (then) longest reigning monarch in British history

  • 1905 US Open Men's Golf, Myopia Hunt GC: Willie Anderson wins his 3rd consecutive Open title, and his record 4th overall, 2 strokes ahead of runner-up Alex Smith
  • 1905 Race riot in Atlanta Georgia (10 blacks & 2 whites killed)
  • 1906 Race riot in Atlanta Georgia, kills 21
  • 1906 In New Zealand Domestic workers call for a 68-hour working week
  • 1908 Bulgaria declares independence from the Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
  • 1910 Saskatchewan Rugby Football Union forms with an initial 9 team competition
  • 1910 The Duke of York's Cinema opens in Brighton. It is still operating today as the oldest continually operating cinema in Britain

Sports History

1911 Boston Rustlers' future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young beats Pittsburgh Pirates, 1-0 at Forbes Field for his final career victory, number 511

Sports History

1912 Philadelphia second baseman Eddie Collins becomes only player in MLB history to steal 6 bases in one game for a second time as A's beat St. Louis Browns, 8-2

  • 1913 Coal mine explosion kills 263 at Dawson, New Mexico
  • 1913 George Cohan's "Seven Keys to Baldpate" premieres in NYC
  • 1913 The first batch of Indian passive resisters, consisting of 12 men and 4 women (including Mrs. Kasturba Gandhi) are arrested at Volksrust and imprisoned in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
  • 1914 1 German submarine sinks 3 British ironclads, 1,459 die

Historic Event

1914 Louis Botha, premier of the Union of South Africa, assumes command of the armed forced after having dismissed General Beyers because of his resistance to aiding British in the war against Germany

  • 1915 Boston Red Sox ask Boston Braves for use of Braves Field (10,000+ capacity) for Baseball World Series against Philadelphia Phillies
  • 1915 Southern Methodist University (Dallas, Texas) holds its 1st class
  • 1915 Xavier University, 1st Black Catholic College in US, opens in NO LA
  • 1919 -Jan 20] Steel strike in the US
  • 1920 Chicago grand jury convenes to investigate charges that 8 White Sox players conspired to fix the 1919 World Series

Music Premiere

1921 Music Box Theater opens at 239 W 45th Street, NYC; Built by theatrical producer Sam H. Harris for Irving Berlin's musical revue "The Music Box", written specifically for the venue

  • 1921 The League of Nations accepts membership of independent Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania
  • 1922 US Congress passes the Cable Act, under which an American women who marries an 'alien' will not lose citizenship; neither will a women marrying an American automatically become a citizen
  • 1925 New York left fielder Ben Paschal hits 2 inside-the-park-home runs as the Yankees score an 11-6 home victory over Chicago White Sox
  • 1926 Belgian crown prince Leopold and Swedish Princess Astrid get engaged

Boxing Title Fight

1927 "The long count" - in a famous boxing rematch, Gene Tunney beats Jack Dempsey by 10-round unanimous decision at Soldiers Field, Chicago to retain world heavyweight title; crowd 104,943; gate $2,858,660

  • 1927 Yanks Earle Coombs hits 3 triples
  • 1931 Coalition Government forms in New Zealand to combat the Depression (their lack of success led to the election of the First Labour Government in 1935)
  • 1932 Hungarian government of Károlyi falls
  • 1934 An explosion takes place at Gresford Colliery in Wales, leading to the deaths of 266 miners and rescuers
  • 1935 Boston Braves lose NL record 110th game of year en route to 115
  • 1937 Forest fire kills 14 and injures 50 in Cody, Wyoming
  • 1937 Spanish Civil War: Peña Blanca is taken; the end of the Battle of El Mazuco.
  • 1937 Date celebrated as the first International Hobbit Day and the birthdays of Bilbo and Frodo Baggins
  • 1941 British signal officer Bill Hudson lands in Montenegro
  • 1943 British dwarf submarines attack German battleship Tirpitz
  • 1943 Destroyer HMS Itchen torpedoed and sinks
  • 1943 Destroyer HMS Keppel sinks U-229
  • 1944 Boulogne reoccupied by the Allies
  • 1944 US troops land on Ulithi atoll, western Pacific

Historic Event

1944 President Jose P. Laurel declares the Philippines under martial law in 1944 through Proclamation No. 29

  • 1946 Canadian woman Evelyn Dick charged with butchering her husband in Hamilton, Ontario
  • 1947 Brooklyn Dodgers clinch NL pennant as Chicago defeats St. Louis Cardinals in second game of a double header
  • 1949 WFMY TV channel 2 in Greensboro-High Point, NC (CBS) 1st broadcast

Historic Event

1950 Omar Bradley promoted to rank of 5-star general in the United States Army

  • 1953 Islamic uprising in Atjeh, Indonesia
  • 1954 Brooklyn Dodger pitcher Karl Spooner strikes out 15 NY Giants in his 1st MLB game
  • 1955 On BBC radio Grace Archer is killed in a barn fire on Brookfield Farm - the BBC denies this was to spoil the launch of rival network ITV
  • 1955 -28] Hurricane Janet, kills 500 in the Caribbean

Britain's First-Ever TV Ad

1955 Commercial television begins in the UK with the launch of ITV, soon airs the 1st advert on UK TV, for Gibbs SR toothpaste

  • 1957 Western "Maverick" premieres on ABC television starring James Garner
  • 1957 Duke Snider's 39th & 40th home runs are last hit at Ebbets Field
  • 1958 KTVK TV channel 3 in Phoenix, AZ (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1958 US nuclear submarine USS Skate remains 31 days under the Pole (record)
  • 1959 Chicago White Sox clinch AL pennant
  • 1960 Mali (formerly French Sudan) declares independence from France
  • 1961 Antonio Albertondo (Argentina) completes 1st "double" crossing swim of English Channel in 43 hrs 10 min at 42.
  • 1961 Jim Gentile's ties record of 5 grand slams in a year
  • 1961 "Threnody to the Victims of Hiroshima" by Polish composer Krzysztof Penderecki premieres at Warsaw Autumn Festival, Andrzej Markowski conducting Krakow Philharmonic

Music History

1962 Bob Dylan plays Carnegie Hall, NYC

  • 1963 Czechoslovakian premier Viliam Široký deposed by Josef Lenart
  • 1964 Jerry Bock and Sheldon Harnick's musical "Fiddler on the Roof" with Zero Mostel opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 3242 performances
  • 1964 "Man from U.N.C.L.E." premieres starring Robert Vaughn and David McCallum on NBC-TV: open channel D
  • 1965 India and Pakistan cease-fire goes into effect, ending the Indo-Pakistani War

Theater Premiere

1966 Edward Albee's play "Delicate Balance" premieres in NYC (Pulitzer Prize for Drama 1967)

  • 1966 KMEB TV channel 10 in Wailuku, HI (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1966 Only 413 show up at a Yankee Stadium game
  • 1966 Orioles beat A's 6-1 to clinch their 1st AL pennant
  • 1966 Surveyor 2 crashes on the Moon, and all contact with it is lost
  • 1967 Phillies release pitcher Dallas Green, their future manager
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1968 Iraq adopts constitution
  • 1968 KMTC (now KDEB) TV channel 27 in Springfield, MO (IND) 1st broadcast
  • 1968 Twins' Cesar Tovar pitched a hitless inning & plays all 9 positions

Historic Event

1968 Ceremony to mark relocation of ancient Egyptian Abu Simbel temples, honoring Ramesses II after rebuilt 200 meters inland away from Aswan Dam

  • 1969 "Music Scene" debuts on ABC-TV
  • 1969 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC

Baseball Record

1969 SF Giant Willie Mays, becomes second player to hit 600 home runs

Historic Event

1970 US President Richard Nixon requests 1,000 new FBI agents for college campuses

  • 1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 OPEC directs members to negotiate price increases to offset the devaluation of the US dollar
  • 1973 "A Little Night Music" opens at Majestic Theater on Broadway
  • 1973 Ryder Cup Golf, Muirfield: US beats Great Britain & Ireland, 19-13; first time 'Ireland' included in team name
  • 1973 Baltimore Oriole Al Bumbry hits 3 triples vs Milwaukee Brewers

Historic Event

1973 Henry Kissinger sworn in as America's 1st Jewish Secretary of State, succeeds William Rogers

  • 1975 World Football League folds

Assassination Attempt

1975 Second assassination attempt on US President Gerald Ford by Sara Jane Moore fails in San Francisco

Television Debut

1976 TV dama "Charlie's Angels" starring Farrah Fawcett, Kate Jackson and Jaclyn Smith debuts

  • 1977 Minn Twin Bert Blyleven no-hits California Angels, 9-0
  • 1977 Preston Jones' "Texas Trilogy" premieres in NYC
  • 1977 West German Red Army Faction terrorist kills policeman in Utrecht

Summit of Interest

1978 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin returns home after Camp David summit

  • 1979 Israel performs nuclear test at Indian Ocean
  • 1979 Larry Parrish (Expos) HRs off Rawly Eastwick (Phillies) in DH
  • 1980 Iraq invades Iran in an attempt to control the Shatt al-Arab waterway

Contract of Interest

1980 John Lennon and Yoko Ono sign a recording contract with Geffen Records

Appointment of Interest

1981 Sandra Day O'Connor appointed to US Supreme Court

  • 1982 Duleep Mendis completes twin cricket tons for Sri Lanka v India
  • 1982 San Francisco's cable cars made a final run before closing down for 20-month

Television Premiere

1982 Sitcom "Family Ties starring Michael J. Fox premieres on NBC

Music Concert

1983 The Everly Brothers reunite after 10 years apart in concert at the Royal Albert Hall, London

  • 1983 NASA launches Galaxy-B
  • 1983 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1983 Zhu Jianhau (China) sets high jump record at 7'9 3/4"

Farm Aid Concert

1985 First Farm Aid benefit concert, Champaign, Illinois; organized by Willie Nelson, Neil Young and John Mellencamp; performers included Bob Dylan, Tom Petty, Billy Joel, B.B. King, Hoyt Axton, Joni Mitchell, Rickie Lee Jones, and Emmylou Harris

  • 1985 37th Emmy Awards: "Cagney & Lacey", "The Cosby Show" and Tyne Daly win

Sports History

1985 Billy Martin's right arm is broken by pitcher Ed Whitson

The Sinking of the Rainbow Warrior

1985 French Prime Minister Laurent Fabius appears on TV to confess "Agents of the DGSE sank this boat [Rainbow Warrior]. They acted on orders.”

  • 1985 St Louis Cardinals set an unusual streak record by winning 9 of 10 games, each pitched by a different man
  • 1985 The Plaza Accord was signed in New York City.
  • 1986 35 countries signs disarmament accord in Stockholm
  • 1986 India v Australia Test Cricket at Madras finishes in a tie

Sports History

1986 LA Dodger Fernando Valenzuela is 1st Mexican to win 20 games

  • 1987 Dow-Jones index rises record 75.23 points
  • 1987 NFL players go on strike for 24 days (2nd regular-season strike)
  • 1987 Red Sox Wade Boggs ties AL record of 200 hits for 5 straight seasons

Film & TV History

1987 US TV series "Full House" starring Bob Saget and John Stamos debuts

  • 1988 Canada begins production of a $5 silver Maple Leaf bullion coin
  • 1988 South Korean coaches attack NZ referee after disputing his decision, Olympic Korean boxer stages a 67 minute sit-in
  • 1988 Soviet gymnast Vladimir Artemov wins individual all-round gold medal at the Seoul Olympics; follows his teams all-round victory; wins 4 gold for the Games
  • 1988 American swimmer Janet Evans sets a world record 4:03.85 to win the 400m freestyle gold medal at the Seoul Olympics; 3rd gold medal of the Games (400m I/M, 800m)
  • 1988 American swimmer Matt Biondi wins the blue ribband 100m freestyle gold medal in Olympic record 48.63 at the Seoul Games; beats countryman Chris Jacobs & Stéphan Caron of France
  • 1989 MLB St. Louis Cardinals outfielder Leon Durham suspended for 60 days due to drugs
  • 1989 IRA bomb kills 10 Royal Marines bandsmen in Kent

Television Debut

1989 "Baywatch" starring David Hasselhoff and Pamela Anderson debuts on NBC

  • 1990 Saudi Arabia expels many Jordanian & Yemeni envoys

Baseball Record

1990 Andre Dawson steals his 300th base & is only player other than Willie Mays to have 300 HRs, 300 steals & 2,000 hits

  • 1991 ABN & AMRO Dutch banks merge
  • 1991 California University makes Dead Sea Scrolls public
  • 1991 Harry Gant wins NSACAR Goody's 500

Sports History

1991 Miami Dolphins coach Don Shula records his 300th career NFL victory

  • 1991 NY MTA yanks 6,000 ads for "Dr Tusch" (Dr Jeffrey Lavigne)
  • 1992 Heavy storm in South France, 34 die
  • 1993 Ukrainian Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma resigns due to the "slow pace of reform"

Sports History

1993 Nolan Ryan, 46, pitches his last game

  • 1993 STS-51 (Discovery) lands

Historic Event

1993 Supreme Soviet dismisses President Boris Yeltsin

  • 1993 A Transair Georgian Airlines Tu-154 is shot down by a missile in Sukhumi, Georgia
  • 1994 Rasmussen government in Denmark resigns

Television Debut

1994 "Friends" TV sitcom created by David Crane and Marta Kauffman debuts on NBC, starring Jennifer Aniston, Courteney Cox, Lisa Kudrow, Matt LeBlanc, Matthew Perry and David Schwimmer

  • 1995 E-3B AWACS crash outside of Elmendorf AFB, Alaska after multiple bird strikes to two of the four engines soon after takeoff; all 24 on board killed
  • 1996 Solheim Cup Women's Golf, St. Pierre Hotel & CC: US retains Cup; beats Europe 17-11; in expanded format US wins 10 of 12 singles matches in final day blowout
  • 1997 American sportcaster Marv Albert pleads not guilty to sexual assault charges
  • 1997 Bentalha massacre in Algeria; over 200 villagers killed

Music Release

1997 Elton John releases "Candle in the Wind 1997", a tribute to Diana, Princess of Wales in the US

Television Debut

1999 "The West Wing" created by Alan Sorkin and starring Martin Sheen, Rob Lowe and Richard Schiff, debuts on NBC

Emmy Awards

2002 54th Emmy Awards: The West Wing, Friends, Michael Chiklis and Allison Janney win

  • 2002 Solheim Cup Women's Golf, Interlachen CC: US regains Cup 15½-12½; Rosie Jones gains winning point in her 3 & 2 victory over Karine Icher
  • 2003 David Hempleman-Adams becomes the first person to cross the Atlantic Ocean in an open-air, wicker-basket hot air balloon.

Television Debut

2004 "Lost" created by J.J. Abrams and starring Matthew Fox and Evangeline Lilly debuts on ABC in the US

Baseball Record

2004 SF Giants outfielder Barry Bonds was intentionally walked 4 times in a 9-inning game (MLB record) for the second time (1 May 2004)

Film & TV History

2004 Teen noir series "Veronica Mars" created by Rob Thomas and starring Kristen Bell premieres on UPN in the US

  • 2006 A German maglev train crashes, killing 23.
  • 2006 The F-14 Tomcat retires from the United States Navy
  • 2006 Hezbollah claims "Divine Victory" over Israel in a massive demonstration in Beirut.

Television Premiere

2009 Crime drama "NCIS LA" starring Chris O'Donnell, LL Cool J, and Daniela Ruah premieres on CBS

  • 2012 7 pedestrians are killed by a drunk driver who hit a bus stop at 200km an hour in Moscow
  • 2012 Farm Aid held in Hershey, Pennsylvania; performers include Willie Nelson, John Mellencamp, Neil Young, Dave Matthews, Kenny Chesney, Jack Johnson, Grace Potter & the Nocturnals, Dale Watson, and Pegi Young
  • 2013 78 people are killed in a church suicide bombing in Peshawar, Pakistan