On This Day

Historical Events on September 23

  • 951 Otto I the Great becomes king of Italy
  • 1122 Concordat of Worms agreed between Pope Calixtus II and Holy Roman Emperor Henry V
  • 1408 Battle of Othée; victory of John the Fearless, duke of Burgundy over Liège.
  • 1459 Battle of Blore Heath in Staffordshire, 1st major battle of the English Wars of the Roses
  • 1513 King Henry III & Emperor Maximilian conquer Doornik

Historic Event

1561 King Philip II of Spain forbids Spanish settlements in Florida

  • 1642 Harvard College in Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1st commencement
  • 1739 Russia & Turkey sign Peace of Belgrade
  • 1746 Jacob Gilles appointed Dutch pension advisor

'I Have Not Yet Begun To Fight'

1779 John Paul Jones aboard the USS Bonhomme Richard defeats the British frigate HMS Serepis and becomes the United States first well-known naval hero

Historic Event

1780 British Major John Andre reveals Benedict Arnold's plot to betray West Point

  • 1795 Conseil of the Cinq-Cents (Council of 500), forms in Paris
  • 1803 Battle of Assaye: British-Indian forces beat Maratha Army
  • 1818 Border demarcation markers for Moresnet formally installed.
  • 1821 Fall of Tripolitsa, Greek forces massacre 30,000 Turks during Greek War of Independence
  • 1830 Dutch troops occupy Brussels
  • 1835 HMS Beagle sails to Charles Island in Galapagos archipelago
  • 1845 1st baseball team, NY Knickerbockers organize, adopt rule code
  • 1845 Hunger strike in Hague
  • 1846 Johann Gottfried Galle & Heinrich d'Arrest find Neptune
  • 1857 Russian warship Leffort disappears in a storm in the Gulf of Finland; 826 die
  • 1862 US President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation is published in northern newspapers [1]

The German Empire

1862 Otto von Bismarck appointed Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Prussia by King Wilhelm I

  • 1863 Confederate siege of Chattanooga begins
  • 1868 Grito de Lares proclaims Puerto Rico's independence (crushed by Spain)
  • 1868 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Tom Morris Jr. beats his father, Tom Morris Sr. by 3 strokes; at 17 young Morris remains youngest Open champion
  • 1873 Tom Allen beats Mike McCale for Heavyweight Boxing title

Historic Event

1875 Billy the Kid is arrested for the 1st time and jailed after receiving clothing stolen from a Chinese laundry. Escapes two days later.

  • 1876 Ottawa Rough Riders play their 1st game
  • 1877 Hurricane strikes Curacao & Bonaire kills 200
  • 1879 Baldwin steam motors tram 1st tried in Sydney Australia
  • 1879 Richard Rhodes invented a hearing aid called the Audiophone
  • 1880 Jules Ferry forms French government
  • 1884 American Herman Hollerith patents his mechanical tabulating machine, the beginning of data processing
  • 1889 Nintendo Koppai (Later Nintendo Company, Limited) founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce and market the playing card game Hanafuda
  • 1890 Ed Cartwright bats in 7 RBIs in 1 inning
  • 1892 British Open Men's Golf, Muirfield: Harold Hilton wins by 3 shots from amateur John Ball, Sandy Herd & Hugh Kirkaldy
  • 1895 French labor union CGT (Confederation Generale du Travail) forms
  • 1897 1st frontier days rodeo celebration (Cheyene Wyoming)
  • 1904 Francis Younghusbands leaves Lhasa, Tibet
  • 1905 Mbunga-siege of Fort Mahenge German East-Africa broken
  • 1907 Proclamation sets fineness & weight of silver & bronze coins of Canada
  • 1908 Giant Fred (Bonehead) Merkle fails to touch 2nd, causes 3rd out in 9th & disallows winning run (game ends tied, Cubs win replay & pennant)
  • 1908 University of Alberta opens
  • 1911 Earl Ovington becomes 1st air mail pilot
  • 1912 1st Mack Sennett "Keystone Comedy" movie released "Cohen Collects a Debt"
  • 1913 Roland Garros is 1st to fly over Mediterranean Sea
  • 1913 Serbian troops march into Albania
  • 1913 Women protests take place in the Free State, South Africa, led by Charlotte Maxeke, resisting government attempts to impose passes on women; passes are burnt in front of the municipal offices
  • 1914 Reds drop their 19th straight game, then beat Boston Braves
  • 1920 Alexander Millerand elected president of France
  • 1920 Despite Japanese protests, China withdraws recognition of Tsarists representatives in China
  • 1922 Berthold Brecht's "Drum in the Night" premieres in Germany
  • 1922 Gdynia Seaport Construction Act passed by the Polish parliament.
  • 1923 80,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against Fleet law
  • 1925 George Kaufman's "Butter & Egg Man" premieres in NYC
  • 1925 Washington shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh is named AL MVP

Boxing Title Fight

1926 "Upset of the Decade" - Gene Tunney beats defending champion Jack Dempsey by 10-round unanimous decision at Sesquicentennial Stadium, Philadelphia for world heavyweight boxing title

Film Release

1927 "Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans", directed by F. W. Murnau, starring George O'Brien and Janet Gaynor, is released (Academy Awards Unique and Artistic Picture 1927)

Historic Event

1932 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud merges the Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

  • 1933 MLB New York Yankees commit 5 errors (3 by shortstop Frankie Crosetti), but beat Red Sox 16-12 at Fenway Park, Boston
  • 1937 Yankees lose 9-5 but clinch pennant when Red Sox beat Detroit

Historic Event

1938 British premier Neville Chamberlain flies to Munich

  • 1938 Time capsule, to be opened in 6939, buried at World's Fair in NYC (capsule contained a woman's hat, man's pipe & 1,100' of microfilm)
  • 1939 Cookie Lavagetto goes 6 for 6-Dodgers get 27 hits & beat Phillies 22-4
  • 1940 -27] French/British assault on French fleet in Dakar, flees

Historic Event

1940 Dutch nazi collaborator Mussert's 1st meeting with Adolf Hitler

Historic Event

1940 Dutch artist Piet Mondrian leaves Europe for New York, where he lives for the rest of his life

  • 1941 General de Gaulle forms government in exile in London
  • 1941 German air raid on Soviet naval base at Kronstadt (battleship Marat sinks)
  • 1941 The first gas murder experiments are conducted at Auschwitz. concentration camp
  • 1942 Soviet counter offensive at Stalingrad
  • 1942 Transport #36 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1944 Proclamation No. 30 was issued, declaring the existence of a state of war between the Philippines and the United States and the United Kingdom
  • 1945 First Cavalcade of Jazz outdoor concert held at Wrigley Field, Los Angeles with Count Basie, Valaida Snow and others
  • 1948 Braves clinch NL pennant

Sports History

1949 Indian owner Bill Veeck holds funeral services to bury 1948 pennant

Historic Event

1949 US President Harry Truman announces evidence of USSR's 1st nuclear device detonation

Nobel Prize

1950 Nobel peace prize awarded to Ralph Bunche for mediation in Israel - 1st African American winner

  • 1950 US Air Force Mustangs accidentally bomb British on Hill 282 Korea, 17 killed
  • 1950 Canada's first mountain rescue by helicopter of a forestry worker from a Wells Gray Park forestry lookout
  • 1952 1st closed circuit pay-TV telecast of a sports event
  • 1952 Brooklyn Dodgers clinch NL pennant with a record of 96-57 over the New York Giants 92-62

Historic Event

1952 Richard Nixon makes his "Checker's" speech

Boxing Title Fight

1952 Undefeated Rocky Marciano KOs defending champion Jersey Joe Walcott in the 13th round at Municipal Stadium, Philadelphia for the world heavyweight boxing title

Music History

1952 "Kaw-Liga" single recorded by Hank Williams

  • 1953 KHQA TV channel 7 in Hannibal-Quincy, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 Pakistan signs Pact of Baghdad
  • 1955 Yanks clinch pennant by beating Red Sox, 3-2

Murder of Interest

1955 All white jury finds Roy Brant and John William Milam not guilty of the brutal murder of black teenager Emmett Till in Sumner, Mississippi, in landmark case that would help inspire civil rights movement in the US

#1 in the Charts

1957 "That'll Be the Day" by Buddy Holly and the Crickets reaches #1

  • 1957 Milwaukee Braves clinch NL pennant by beating Cards 4-2
  • 1957 WTIC TV channel 61 in Hartford, CT (CBS/FOX) begins broadcasting

Little Rock Crisis

1957 White mob forces 9 black students enrolled at Little Rock's Central High School in Arkansas to withdraw

Historic Event

1957 President Dwight D. Eisenhower orders US troops to support integration of nine black students at Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas

  • 1958 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1958 Stravinsky's "Thieni" premieres in Venice
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 Australia's first passenger roll on/roll off diesel ferry, the MS Princess of Tasmania makes her maiden voyage across Bass Strait
  • 1961 1st movie to become a TV series, "How to Marry a Millionaire" premieres

Television Debut

1962 ABC's 1st color TV series - The Jetsons by Hanna-Barbera first broadcast

  • 1962 LA Dodgers shortstop Maury Wills breaks Ty Cobb's 1915 MLB steals record, recording #97 on his way to 104
  • 1962 Martin Walser's "Esche und Angora" premieres in Berlin
  • 1962 NY's Philharmonic Hall (since renamed Avery Fisher Hall) opens as 1st unit of Lincoln Center for Performing Arts
  • 1963 Georgette Ciselet is 1st woman on Belgian Council of State
  • 1963 WMEB TV channel 12 in Orono, ME (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 Greek Colonels' regime frees ex-Prime Minister Georgios Papandreou
  • 1967 Radio Malta stops testing
  • 1968 WKAS TV channel 25 in Ashland, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 WKGB TV channel 53 in Bowling Green, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 WKLE TV channel 46 in Lexington, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 WKMA TV channel 35 in Madisonville, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 WKMR TV channel 38 in Morehead, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 WKON TV channel 52 in Owenton, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 WKSO TV channel 29 in Somerset, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 WKZT TV channel 23 in Elizabethtown, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1969 1st broadcast of "Marcus Welby MD" on ABC-TV

Music History

1969 Northern Star and Illinois Univ newspaper start rumors that Paul McCartney is dead

Film Premier

1969 "Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid" directed by George Roy Hill and starring Paul Newman and Robert Redford premieres

  • 1970 Abdul Razak bin Hussain becomes premier of Malaysia
  • 1970 Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) Arthur Young announces his resignation

Historic Event

1971 Jan Vermeer's painting "The Love Letter" is stolen from The Centre for Fine Arts, Brussels by a 21 year old thief

  • 1971 2 members of the Official Irish Republican Army are killed in a premature bomb explosion

Historic Event

1972 Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos announces state of emergency and declares martial law

Election of Interest

1973 Argentine General Elections - former Argentine President Juan Perón returns to power

  • 1973 Largest known prime number, 2 ^ 132,049-1, is found with computer aid by David Slowinski; holds as largest until 1985

Music Premiere

1974 Revival of Jules Styne and Stephen Sondheim's musical "Gypsy" opens at Winter Garden Theater, NYC; runs for 120 performances, Angela Lansbury wins Tony Award for her role as Mama Rose

  • 1974 BBC Ceefax begins 1st teletext service

Music Single

1974 John Lennon's single "Whatever Gets You Thru the Night", featuring Elton John, released in US; it was Lennon's only solo No. 1 single during his lifetime

Film & TV History

1976 US televised presidential debate between Republican incumbent Gerald Ford and Democratic challenger Jimmy Carter

  • 1976 South Africa decides to allow multi-racial teams to represent them
  • 1976 Soyuz 22 returns to Earth
  • 1977 3rd test of Space Shuttle Enterprise
  • 1977 Cheryl Ladd replaces Farrah Fawcett on TV show "Charlie's Angels"
  • 1977 "I Just Fall in Love Again" single released by The Carpenters

Summit of Interest

1978 100,000 cheering Egyptians welcome Anwar Sadat home from Camp David peace summit

Film & TV History

1979 Jane Fonda & 200,000 attend anti-nuke rally in Battery Park, NYC

  • 1979 Somali constitution approved by president
  • 1979 St Louis MLB legend Lou Brock steals 938th & final base of his career
  • 1980 Big Thunder Mountain Railroad opens

Music Concert

1980 Bob Marley's last concert at Stanley Theatre Pittsburgh

  • 1982 "Doll's Life" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • 1982 Amin Gemayel sworn in as President of Lebanon
  • 1982 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1983 Argentine military regime gives amnesty to military and political assassins
  • 1983 Columbia moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida), for mating in preparation of STS-9
  • 1983 Gerrie Coetzee KOs Michael Dokes in 10 for heavyweight boxing title in Ohio

Sports History

1983 Phillies Steve Carlton is 16th to wins 300 game (beating Cards)

  • 1984 36th Emmy Awards: "Hill St Blues"; "Cheers": John Ritter & Tyne Daly win

Sports History

1984 NFL San Francisco 49er quarterback Joe Montana misses his 1st start in 49 games

Sports History

1984 Sparky Anderson is 1st manager to win 100 games in both leagues

  • 1986 Astro Jim Deshaies strikes out 1st 8 Dodger of game (ends with 10)
  • 1986 Congress selects the rose as US national flower

Historic Event

1987 Nigerian President Ibrahim Babangida creates two states: Akwa Ibom and Katisna

  • 1988 Fiji's new constitution is proposed

Baseball Record

1988 Jose Canseco is baseball's 1st to steal 40 bases & hit 40 HRs

  • 1988 Portuguese world champion Rosa Mota runs 2:25:40 to score a famous Olympic marathon win over Australian Lisa Martin at the Seoul Games
  • 1988 Americans Christopher Jacobs, Troy Dalbey, Tom Hunter & Matt Biondi swim world record 3:16.53 to win 4 x 100m freestyle relay at the Seoul Olympics
  • 1988 Premiere of director Paul Schrader's crime biopic "Patty Hearst"
  • 1988 East German swimmer Uwe Dassler sets world record 3:46.95 to win 400m freestyle gold medal at the Seoul Olympics; edges Australian Duncan Armstrong by 0.2s
  • 1989 Blue Jays bat out of order against Brewers in 6th inning
  • 1990 PBS begins an 11 hour miniseries on Civil War
  • 1990 Saddam says he will destroy Israel
  • 1992 Bill Comrie purchases BC Lions from CFL
  • 1992 Bradlees announces it will take over Alexander's department stores in NYC
  • 1992 Jackson Browne reportedly beats girlfriend Daryl Hannah
  • 1992 Mud storm kills 30 in South France
  • 1992 1st female to play in a NHL exhibition game (Manon Rheaume, goalie) for Tampa Bay Lightning - gives up 2 goals on 9 attempts in 1 period
  • 1993 "Les Miserables" opens at Playhouse, Edinburgh
  • 1993 Paul Chu group reports super conduction at -123°C (record high)

Film Release

1994 "The Shawshank Redemption", directed by Frank Darabont and starring Tim Robbins and Morgan Freeman, is released

  • 1996 Howard Stern radio show premieres in Wilkes-Barre PA (WZMT 97.9 FM) and in West Palm Beach FL (WCLB 95.5 FM)
  • 1997 Seattle Mariners break record for most HRs in a year (258)

Music Awards

1998 32nd Country Music Association Award: Garth Brooks, Trisha Yearwood & George Strait win

  • 1999 NASA announces that it has lost contact with the Mars Climate Orbiter.
  • 1999 Qantas Flight 1 overruns the runway in Bangkok during a storm. While some passengers only received minor injuries, it is still the worst crash in Qantas's history to date.
  • 2002 The first public version of the web browser Mozilla Firefox ("Phoenix 0.1") is released
  • 2003 Crime drama "NCIS" starring Mark Harmon, Michael Weatherley, Pauley Perrette and David McCallum premieres on CBS in the US
  • 2004 At least 1,070 in Haiti reported killed by floods due to Hurricane Jeanne
  • 2005 FBI killing of Filiberto Ojeda on Plan Bonito Hormigueros, Puerto Rico.

Television Premiere

2009 TV comedy "Modern Family" premieres on ABC, starring Ed 'Neill and Sofia Vergara

  • 2012 Iran blocks the use of Google as a search engine
  • 2012 20 Iranian US Visas are denied, including diplomats and two ministers, ahead of the UN general assembly meeting in New York
  • 2012 Scientists discover four genetically distinct types of breast cancer

Emmy Awards

2012 64th Emmy Awards: "Homeland", "Modern Family", Damian Lewis & Claire Danes win

  • 2013 25 people are killed after Typhoon Usagi passes Hong Kong and China

Album Release

2016 Shawn Mendes releases his album "Illuminate", debuts at No. 1 US Billboard 200

Sports History

2017 US President Donald Trump withdraws invitation to the White House for NBA champions Golden State Warriors after Stephen Curry says he doesn't want to attend

  • 2017 Women are allowed in King Fahd International Stadium in Riyadh for the first time during Saudi Arabia's 87th anniversary celebrations
  • 2018 Japan's space agency is the first to place two robotic explorers on an asteroid - Ryugu, from its Hayabusa-2 spacecraft

Golf Tournament

2018 Tour Championship Men's Golf, East Lake GC: Tiger Woods wins by 2 strokes from Billy Horschel; Woods' 80th PGA Tour win; first in 5 years; Justin Rose wins FedEx Cup crown, $10m bonus

Sports History

2018 39 year old New Orleans Saints quarterback Drew Brees throws 17 yard pass to Michael Thomas to become NFL career pass leader, breaking Brett Favre's record of 6,300 completions; Saints beat Falcons 43-37

  • 2018 Laver Cup Men's Tennis, Chicago: Alexander Zverev beats Kevin Anderson 6-7, 7-5, 10-7 to complete a 13-8 win for Team Europe over Team World
  • 2018 Mud volcano, the Otman-Bozdag, erupts 300m (980ft) high, near Baku, Azerbaijan

Historic Event

2018 Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi launches "Modicare", free heathcare for 500 million, world's biggest healthcare program

  • 2019 178 year old British travel company Thomas Cook goes into liquidation, stranding 600,000 travellers worldwide, prompting largest postwar repatriation effort by UK government

Summit of Interest

2019 Climate activist Greta Thunberg scolds world leaders "How Dare You" for not addressing climate change at the UN Climate Action Summit in New York

  • 2019 Renewed violence in West Papua region, Indonesia, leaves 27 dead in capital Wamena after protesters set fire to buildings over racism claims
  • 2019 Haitian Senator Jean-Marie Ralph Féthière opens fire hitting a journalist leaving parliament in Port-au-Prince