Historical Events on September 23

  • 951 Otto I the Great becomes king of Italy
  • 1122 Concordat of Worms agreed between Pope Calixtus II and Holy Roman Emperor Henry V
  • 1408 Battle of Othée; victory of John the Fearless, duke of Burgundy over Liège.
  • 1459 Battle of Blore Heath in Staffordshire, 1st major battle of the English Wars of the Roses
  • 1513 King Henry III & Emperor Maximilian conquer Doornik

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1561 King Philip II of Spain forbids Spanish settlements in Florida

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1642 Harvard College in Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1st commencement
  • 1739 Russia & Turkey sign Peace of Belgrade
  • 1746 Jacob Gilles appointed Dutch pension advisor
  • 1779 John Paul Jones' "Bon Homme Richard" defeats HMS Serepis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1780 British Major John Andre reveals Benedict Arnold's plot to betray West Point

US Defector General Benedict Arnold
US Defector General
Benedict Arnold
  • 1795 Conseil of the Cinq-Cents (Council of 500), forms in Paris
  • 1803 Battle of Assaye: British-Indian forces beat Maratha Army
  • 1806 Lewis & Clark return to St Louis from Pacific Northwest
  • 1818 Border demarcation markers for Moresnet formally installed.
  • 1821 Fall of Tripolitsa, Greek forces massacre 30,000 Turks during Greek War of Independence

  • 1830 Dutch troops occupy Brussels
  • 1835 HMS Beagle sails to Charles Island in Galapagos archipelago
  • 1845 1st baseball team, NY Knickerbockers organize, adopt rule code
  • 1845 Hunger strike in Hague
  • 1846 Johann Gottfried Galle & Heinrich d'Arrest find Neptune
  • 1857 Russian warship Leffort disappears in a storm in the Gulf of Finland; 826 die
  • 1862 Lincoln's Emancipation is published in Northern Newspapers
  • 1863 Confederate siege of Chattanooga begins
  • 1868 Grito de Lares proclaims Puerto Rico's independence (crushed by Spain)
  • 1868 British Open Golf, Prestwick GC: Tom Morris Jr. beats his father, Tom Morris Sr. by 3 strokes; at 17 young Morris remains youngest Open champion
  • 1873 Tom Allen beats Mike McCale for Heavyweight Boxing title
  • 1876 Ottawa Rough Riders play their 1st game
  • 1877 Hurricane strikes Curacao & Bonaire kills 200
  • 1879 Baldwin steam motors tram 1st tried in Sydney Australia
  • 1879 Richard Rhodes invented a hearing aid called the Audiophone
  • 1880 Jules Ferry forms French government
  • 1884 American Herman Hollerith patents his mechanical tabulating machine, the beginning of data processing
  • 1889 Nintendo Koppai (Later Nintendo Company, Limited) founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce and market the playing card game Hanafuda.
  • 1890 Ed Cartwright bats in 7 RBIs in 1 inning
  • 1892 British Open Golf, Muirfield: Harold Hilton wins by 3 shots from amateur John Ball, Sandy Herd & Hugh Kirkaldy
  • 1895 French labor union CGT (Confederation Generale du Travail) forms
  • 1897 1st frontier days rodeo celebration (Cheyene Wyoming)
  • 1904 Francis Younghusbands leaves Lhasa, Tibet
  • 1905 Mbunga-siege of Fort Mahenge German East-Africa broken
  • 1907 Proclamation sets fineness & weight of silver & bronze coins of Canada

  • 1908 Giant Fred (Bonehead) Merkle fails to touch 2nd, causes 3rd out in 9th & disallows winning run (game ends tied, Cubs win replay & pennant)
  • 1908 University of Alberta opens
  • 1911 Earl Ovington becomes 1st air mail pilot
  • 1912 1st Mack Sennett "Keystone Comedy" movie released "Cohen Collects a Debt"
  • 1913 Roland Garros is 1st to fly over Mediterranean Sea
  • 1913 Serbian troops march into Albania
  • 1913 Women protests take place in the Free State, South Africa, led by Charlotte Maxeke, resisting government attempts to impose passes on women; passes are burnt in front of the municipal offices
  • 1914 Reds drop their 19th straight game, then beat Boston Braves
  • 1920 Alexander Millerand elected president of France
  • 1920 Despite Japanese protests, China withdraws recognition of Tsarists representatives in China
  • 1922 Berthold Brecht's "Drum in the Night" premieres in Germany
  • 1922 Gdynia Seaport Construction Act passed by the Polish parliament.
  • 1923 80,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against Fleet law
  • 1925 George Kaufman's "Butter & Egg Man" premieres in NYC
  • 1925 Washington shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh is named AL MVP

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1926 Gene Tunney beats Jack Dempsey in 10 for heavyweight boxing title

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jack Dempsey
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jack Dempsey

Film release premierFilm Release

1927 "Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans", directed by F. W. Murnau, starring George O'Brien and Janet Gaynor, is released (Academy Awards Unique and Artistic Picture 1927)

Actress Janet Gaynor
Janet Gaynor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud merges the Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • 1933 Yanks commit 7 errors in 1 game but beat Boston 16-12
  • 1936 Giants Carl Hubbell notches his 16th en route to 24 consecutive wins
  • 1937 Yankees lose 9-5 but clinch pennant when Red Sox beat Detroit

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 British premier Neville Chamberlain flies to Munich

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
  • 1938 Time capsule, to be opened in 6939, buried at World's Fair in NYC (capsule contained a woman's hat, man's pipe & 1,100' of microfilm)
  • 1939 Cookie Lavagetto goes 6 for 6-Dodgers get 27 hits & beat Phillies 22-4
  • 1940 -27] French/British assault on French fleet in Dakar, flees

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Dutch nazi collaborator Mussert's 1st meeting with Adolf Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Dutch artist Piet Mondrian leaves Europe for New York, where he lives for the rest of his life

Abstract Painter Piet Mondrian
Abstract Painter
Piet Mondrian
  • 1941 General de Gaulle forms government in exile in London
  • 1941 German air raid on Soviet naval base at Kronstadt (battleship Marat sinks)
  • 1941 The first gas murder experiments are conducted at Auschwitz. concentration camp
  • 1942 Soviet counter offensive at Stalingrad
  • 1942 Transport #36 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1942 The 'Manhattan Project' commences, under the direction of US General Leslie Groves: its aim - to deliver an atomic bomb
  • 1944 Proclamation No. 30 was issued, declaring the existence of a state of war between the Philippines and the United States and the United Kingdom
  • 1948 Braves clinch NL pennant
  • 1949 Indian owner Bill Veeck holds funeral services to bury 1948 pennant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 US President Harry Truman announces evidence of USSR's 1st nuclear device detonation

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1950 Nobel peace prize awarded to Ralph Bunche for mediation in Israel - 1st African American winner

Diplomat and Nobel Laureate Ralph Bunche
Diplomat and Nobel Laureate
Ralph Bunche
  • 1950 Philadelphia A's Joe Astroth is 4th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (6th)
  • 1950 US Air Force Mustangs accidentally bomb British on Hill 282 Korea, 17 killed
  • 1952 1st closed circuit pay-TV telecast of a sports event
  • 1952 Brooklyn Dodgers clinch NL pennant with a record of 96-57 over the New York Giants 92-62

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Richard Nixon makes his "Checker's" speech

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1952 Rocky Marciano KOs Jersey Joe Walcott in 13 for heavyweight boxing title

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Rocky Marciano
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Rocky Marciano
World Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jersey Joe
World Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jersey Joe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 "Kaw-Liga" single recorded by Hank Williams

Country Music Singer and Songwriter Hank Williams
Country Music Singer and Songwriter
Hank Williams
  • 1953 KHQA TV channel 7 in Hannibal-Quincy, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 Pakistan signs Pact of Baghdad
  • 1955 Yanks clinch pennant by beating Red Sox, 3-2

Music release#1 in the Charts

1957 "That'll Be Day" by Buddy Holly & Crickets reaches #1

Singer-songwriter Buddy Holly
Buddy Holly
  • 1957 Milwaukee Braves clinch NL pennant by beating Cards 4-2
  • 1957 WTIC TV channel 61 in Hartford, CT (CBS/FOX) begins broadcasting
  • 1957 White mob forces 9 black students who had entered a Little Rock high school in Arkansas to withdraw
  • 1958 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1958 Stravinsky's "Thieni" premieres in Venice
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 Australia's first passenger roll on/roll off diesel ferry, the MS Princess of Tasmania makes her maiden voyage across Bass Strait
  • 1961 1st movie to become a TV series-How to Marry a Millionaire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Ernie Banks ends 717 consecutive-games-played streak

MLB shortstop Ernie Banks
MLB shortstop
Ernie Banks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 ABC's 1st color TV series - The Jetsons by Hanna-Barbera first broadcast

Animator William Hanna
William Hanna
Animator Joseph Barbera
Joseph Barbera
  • 1962 LA Dodger Maury Wills steals record setting #97 on his way to 104
  • 1962 Martin Walser's "Esche und Angora" premieres in Berlin
  • 1962 NY's Philharmonic Hall (since renamed Avery Fisher Hall) opens as 1st unit of Lincoln Center for Performing Arts
  • 1963 Georgette Ciselet is 1st woman on Belgian Council of State
  • 1963 WMEB TV channel 12 in Orono, ME (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1964 "Fiddler on the Roof" with Zero Mostel premieres in NYC
  • 1967 Greek Colonels' regime frees ex-premier Georgios Papandreou
  • 1967 Radio Malta stops testing
  • 1968 WKAS TV channel 25 in Ashland, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 WKGB TV channel 53 in Bowling Green, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 WKLE TV channel 46 in Lexington, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting

  • 1968 WKMA TV channel 35 in Madisonville, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 WKMR TV channel 38 in Morehead, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 WKON TV channel 52 in Owenton, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 WKSO TV channel 29 in Somerset, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 WKZT TV channel 23 in Elizabethtown, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1969 1st broadcast of "Marcus Welby MD" on ABC-TV
  • 1969 Northern Star and Illinois Univ newspaper start rumors that Paul McCartney is dead

Film release premierFilm Premier

1969 "Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid" directed by George Roy Hill and starring Paul Newman and Robert Redford premieres

Actor & Entrepreneur Paul Newman
Actor & Entrepreneur
Paul Newman
Outlaw Butch Cassidy
Butch Cassidy
Actor Robert Redford
Robert Redford
  • 1970 Abdul Razak bin Hussain becomes premier of Malaysia
  • 1970 Gary Muhrcke wins 1st NY Marathon
  • 1970 Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) Arthur Young announces his resignation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Jan Vermeer's painting "The Love Letter" is stolen from The Centre for Fine Arts, Brussels by a 21 year old thief

Painter Jan Vermeer
Jan Vermeer
  • 1971 2 members of the Official Irish Republican Army are killed in a premature bomb explosion

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos announces state of emergency and declares martial law

10th President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos
10th President of the Philippines
Ferdinand Marcos

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1973 Argentine General Elections - former Argentine President Juan Perón returns to power

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • 1973 Largest known prime, 2 ^ 132,049-1, is discovered
  • 1974 "Gypsy" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 120 performances
  • 1974 BBC Ceefax begins 1st teletext service

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 US televised presidential debate between Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1976 South Africa decides to allow multi-racial teams to represent them
  • 1976 Soyuz 22 returns to Earth
  • 1977 3rd test of Space Shuttle Enterprise
  • 1977 Cheryl Ladd replaces Farrah Fawcett on TV show "Charlie's Angels"
  • 1977 "I Just Fall in Love Again" single released by The Carpenters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 100,000 cheering Egyptians welcome Anwar Sadat home from Camp David peace summit

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Jane Fonda & 200,000 attend anti-nuke rally in Battery Park, NYC

Actress Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
  • 1979 Sandra Post wins LPGA ERA Real Estate Golf Classic
  • 1979 Somali constitution approved by president
  • 1979 St Louis legend Lou Brock steals 938th & final base of his career
  • 1980 Big Thunder Mountain Railroad opens

Music concertMusic Concert

1980 Bob Marley's last concert at Stanley Theatre Pittsburgh

Reggae Musician Bob Marley
Reggae Musician
Bob Marley
  • 1982 "Doll's Life" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • 1982 Amin Gemayel sworn in as President of Lebanon
  • 1982 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1983 Argentine military regime gives amnesty to military and political assassins
  • 1983 Columbia moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating in preparation of STS-9
  • 1983 Gerrie Coetzee KOs Michael Dokes in 10 for heavyweight boxing title in Ohio
  • 1983 Phillies Steve Carlton is 16th to wins 300 game (beating Cards)
  • 1984 36th Emmy Awards: Hill St Blue, Cheers, John Ritter & Tyne Daly win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 SF 49er Joe Montana misses his 1st start in 49 games

NFL Quarterback Joe Montana
NFL Quarterback
Joe Montana

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 Sparky Anderson is 1st manager to win 100 games in both leagues

MLB Player and Manager Sparky Anderson
MLB Player and Manager
Sparky Anderson
  • 1986 Astro Jim Deshaies strikes out 1st 8 Dodger of game (ends with 10)
  • 1986 Congress selects the rose as US national flower
  • 1987 Nigerian President Ibrahim Babangida creates two states: Akwa Ibom and Katisna
  • 1988 Fiji's new constitution is proposed
  • 1988 Jose Canseco is baseball's 1st to steal 40 bases & hit 40 HRs
  • 1988 Portuguese world champion Rosa Mota runs 2:25:40 to score a famous Olympic marathon win over Australian Lisa Martin at the Seoul Games
  • 1988 Americans Christopher Jacobs, Troy Dalbey, Tom Hunter & Matt Biondi swim world record 3:16.53 to win 4 x 100m freestyle relay at the Seoul Olympics
  • 1988 Premiere of director Paul Schrader's crime biopic "Patty Hearst"
  • 1988 East German swimmer Uwe Dassler sets world record 3:46.95 to win 400m freestyle gold medal at the Seoul Olympics; edges Australian Duncan Armstrong by 0.2s
  • 1989 Blue Jays bat out of order against Brewers in 6th inning
  • 1990 PBS begins an 11 hour miniseries on Civil War
  • 1990 Saddam says he will destroy Israel
  • 1992 Bill Comrie purchases BC Lions from CFL
  • 1992 Bradlees announces it will take over Alexander's department stores in NYC
  • 1992 Jackson Browne reportedly beats girlfriend Daryl Hannah
  • 1992 Mud storm kills 30 in South France
  • 1992 1st female to play in a NHL exhibition game (Manon Rheaume, goalie) for Tampa Bay Lightning - gives up 2 goals on 9 attempts in 1 period
  • 1993 "Les Miserables" opens at Playhouse, Edinburgh
  • 1993 Paul Chu group reports super conduction at -123°C (record high)

Film release premierFilm Release

1994 "The Shawshank Redemption", directed by Frank Darabont and starring Tim Robbins and Morgan Freeman, is released

  • 1996 Howard Stern radio show premieres in Wilkes-Barre PA (WZMT 97.9 FM) and in West Palm Beach FL (WCLB 95.5 FM)
  • 1997 Seattle Mariners break record for most HRs in a year (258)

Music awardsMusic Awards

1998 32nd Country Music Association Award: Garth Brooks, Trisha Yearwood & George Strait win

Country Music Singer and Songwriter Garth Brooks
Country Music Singer and Songwriter
Garth Brooks
  • 1999 NASA announces that it has lost contact with the Mars Climate Orbiter.
  • 1999 Qantas Flight 1 overruns the runway in Bangkok during a storm. While some passengers only received minor injuries, it is still the worst crash in Qantas's history to date.
  • 2002 The first public version of the web browser Mozilla Firefox ("Phoenix 0.1") is released
  • 2003 Crime drama "NCIS" starring Mark Harmon, Michael Weatherley, Pauley Perrette and David McCallum premieres on CBS in the US
  • 2004 At least 1,070 in Haiti reported killed by floods due to Hurricane Jeanne
  • 2005 FBI killing of Filiberto Ojeda on Plan Bonito Hormigueros, Puerto Rico.
  • 2009 "Modern Family" premieres on ABC, starring Ed 'Neill and Sofia Vergara
  • 2012 Iran blocks the use of Google as a search engine
  • 2012 20 Iranian US Visas are denied, including diplomats and two ministers, ahead of the UN general assembly meeting in New York
  • 2012 Scientists discover four genetically distinct types of breast cancer

Film tv awardsTelevision Awards

2012 64th Emmy Awards: "Homeland", "Modern Family", Damian Lewis & Claire Danes win

Actress Claire Danes
Claire Danes
  • 2013 25 people are killed after Typhoon Usagi passes Hong Kong and China

Music releaseAlbum Release

2016 Shawn Mendes releases his album "Illuminate", debuts at No. 1 US Billboard 200

Singer-Songwriter Shawn Mendes
Shawn Mendes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 US President Donald Trump withdraws invitation to the White House for NBA champions Golden State Warriors after Stephen Curry says he doesn't want to attend

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
Basketball Superstar Stephen Curry
Basketball Superstar
Stephen Curry
  • 2017 Women are allowed in King Fahd International Stadium in Riyadh for the first time during Saudi Arabia's 87th anniversary celebrations
  • 2018 Japan's space agency is the first to place two robotic explorers on an asteroid - Ryugu, from its Hayabusa-2 spacecraft

Sport awardGolf Tournament

2018 Tiger Woods fires final round 71 to beat Billy Horschel by 2 and win the Tour Championship at East Lake GC in Atlanta: Woods' 80th PGA Tour win; first in 5 years; Justin Rose wins FedEx Cup crown, $10m bonus

Golfer Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods
  • 2018 39 year old New Orleans Saints quarterback Drew Brees throws 17 yard pass to Michael Thomas to become NFL career pass leader, breaking Brett Favre's record of 6,300 completions; Saints beat Falcons 43-37
  • 2018 Alexander Zverev beats Kevin Anderson 6-7, 7-5, 10-7 in Chicago to complete a 13-8 win for Team Europe over Team World in the 2nd Laver Cup tennis tournament
  • 2018 Mud volcano, the Otman-Bozdag, erupts 300m (980ft) high, near Baku, Azerbaijan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018 Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi launches "Modicare", free heathcare for 500 million, world's biggest healthcare program

15th Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi
15th Prime Minister of India
Narendra Modi