On This Day

Historical Events on September 25

  • 303 On a voyage preaching the gospel, Saint Fermin of Pamplona is beheaded in Amiens, France.
  • 953 Ratherius becomes bishop of Luik
  • 955 Bishop Ratherius of Luik flees

Victory in Battle

1066 Battle of Stamford Bridge: English army under King Harold II defeat invading Norwegians led by King Harald Hardrada and Harold's brother Tostig, who were both killed

  • 1093 Anselmo d'Aosta, Italian Benedictine monk seated as Anselm of Canterbury, Archbisop of Canterbury
  • 1212 Emperor Frederik II ends Golden Degree (Bohemia)
  • 1237 Treaty of York signed between kings Henry III of England and Alexander II of Scotland which establishes a boundary between the two countries (mostly unchanged in modern times)
  • 1340 England & France sign disarmament treaty
  • 1396 Battle of Nicopolis: Sultan Bajezid I defeats Crusades armies
  • 1492 Crewman on Pinta sights "land"-a few weeks early
  • 1513 Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa crosses the Panama Isthmus becoming first European to see the Pacific Ocean
  • 1555 Freedom of Religion in Augsburg

Appointment of Interest

1560 Spanish King Philip II names Frederik Schenck of Toutenburg as 1st archbishop of Utrecht

Victory in Battle

1597 Amiens surrenders to French King Henry IV

  • 1639 First printing press in America
  • 1639 Suzuki Shosan, Samurai monk of Zen Buddhism, found awakening
  • 1654 England & Denmark sign trade agreement
  • 1663 Austrian Fort Neuhausl surrenders to invading Turkish army
  • 1690 Publick Occurrences, first newspaper in the American colonies (Boston), publishes first & last edition

Historic Event

1775 American Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen captured

  • 1781 -26] Joan Derks scatters "On the People of Netherlands" pamphlets
  • 1804 Twelfth Amendment to the US Constitution, establishing the procedure for electing the President and Vice President, becomes effective
  • 1820 French Physicist François Arago announces electromagnetism in his discovery that a copper wire between the poles of a voltaic cell could laterally attract iron filings to itself

Assassination Attempt

1829 Failed assassination attempt on Simon Bolívar

  • 1836 HMS Beagle anchors at St Michael
  • 1844 Canada defeats USA by 23 runs in the first cricket international match at the grounds of the St George's Cricket Club in Manhattan, NYC
  • 1846 US troops under General Zachery Taylor occupy Monterey, Mexico, during Mexican–American War
  • 1857 Relief of Lucknow by Havelock & Outram begins
  • 1861 Secretary of US Navy authorizes enlistment of slaves
  • 1862 Skirmish at Davis' Bridge, Tennessee
  • 1866 (Leonard W) Jerome Park opens in Bronx for horse racing
  • 1867 Congress creates 1st all-black university, Howard U in Washington, D.C.
  • 1868 The Imperial Russian steam frigate Alexander Nevski shipwrecks off Jutland while carrying Grand Duke Alexei of Russia.

Historic Event

1875 Billy the Kid escapes jail in Silver City, New Mexico, by climbing out of a chimney and becomes a fugitive

  • 1878 British physician Dr. Charles Drysdale warns against the use of tobacco in a letter to The Times newspaper in one of the earliest public health announcements on the dangers of smoking
  • 1882 1st baseball doubleheader (Providence & Worcester)
  • 1886 Comedy opera "Dorothy" first produced in London
  • 1888 Royal Court Theatre, London, opens
  • 1897 1st British bus service opens
  • 1904 Charles Follis is 1st black to play professional American football
  • 1906 John Galsworthy's "Silver Box" premieres in London
  • 1906 Leonardo Torres Quevedo successfully demonstrates the Telekino at Bilbao before a great crowd, guiding a boat from the shore, considered the birth of the remote control

Music Premiere

1907 Jean Sibelius' 3rd Symphony premiere given by the Helsinki Philharmonic Society, conducted by the composer

  • 1908 Cubs' Ed Reulbach becomes only pitcher to throw doubleheader shutout
  • 1909 Hudson-Fulton Celebration opens in NY
  • 1911 French battleship Liberte explodes at Toulon Harbor, 285 killed
  • 1911 Groundbreaking begins in Boston for Fenway Park
  • 1912 Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York City
  • 1915 Battle of Loos commenced, lasted until 14th October. Chlorine gas deployed by the British was blown back into their own trenches: 59,000 British & 26,000 German casualties
  • 1915 The Second Battle of Champagne begins.

Historic Event

1919 US President Woodrow Wilson suffers a breakdown in Colorado, his health never recovers

  • 1920 Vern Bradburn of Winnipeg Victorias kicks 9 singles in a game
  • 1920 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Philadelphia CC: Molla Bjurstedt Mallory beats Marion Zinderstein 6-3, 6-1 for her 5th US singles crown
  • 1922 Giants beat St Louis, to clinch John McGraw's 8th pennant
  • 1924 Malcolm Campbell sets world auto speed record at 146.16 miles per hour

PGA Championship

1926 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Salisbury GC: Walter Hagen defeats Leo Diegel, 5 & 3 in the final to win his 3rd consecutive PGA C'ship title

Historic Event

1926 Henry Ford announces an 8 hour, 5-day work week for workers at the Ford Motor Company

  • 1926 International slavery convention signed by 20 states
  • 1926 NHL grants franchises to Chicago Black Hawks & Detroit Red Wings
  • 1926 Yankees take a doubleheader from Browns to clinch AL pennant

Election of Interest

1926 Mackenzie King is re-elected as Prime Minister of Canada

  • 1929 Queen-mother Emma opens Antonie van Leeuwenhoek House in Amsterdam
  • 1930 Austrian government of Vaugoin forms
  • 1930 Zoe Akins' "Greeks Had a Word for it" premieres in NYC

Sports History

1932 Jimmie Foxx hits his 58th HR in last game of season

  • 1932 Poona Act signed by Madan Mohan Malaviya and B R. Amedkar in India, reserving legislative seats for depressed classes (untouchables)
  • 1933 1st state poorhouse opens in Smyrna, Georgia
  • 1933 5th "extermination campaign" begins against communists in Nanjing and Jiangxi province, China

Historic Event

1934 John Van Druten's "Distaff Side" premieres in NYC

Sports History

1934 Lou Gehrig plays in his 1,500th consecutive game

  • 1934 Rainbow (US) beats Endeavour (England) in 16th America's Cup

Theater Premiere

1935 Maxwell Anderson's play "Winterset" premieres in NYC

  • 1936 Joe Medwick sets a still-standing NL record with his 64th double
  • 1937 "il duce" visits Berlin/named "the Fuhrer" to corporal 1st class
  • 1937 Battle of P'ing-hsin-kuan Wutai Mountain
  • 1939 German Luftwaffe strikes Warsaw with (fire)bombs
  • 1939 Andorra and Germany sign a treaty ending World War I, as Versailles Peace Treaty forgot to include Andorra

Historic Event

1940 German High Commissioner in Norway sets up Vidkun Quisling government

  • 1941 Brooklyn Dodgers win their 1st pennant in 21 years
  • 1943 Soviet troops liberate Smolensk
  • 1944 Operation Market Garden ends in Allied failure as the last British and Polish paratroopers are evacuated from Oosterbeek, near the town of Arnhem
  • 1947 2nd Cannes Film Festival ends
  • 1948 "Heaven on Earth" closes at Century Theater NYC after 12 performances

US Women's Golf Open

1949 US Open Women's Golf, Prince George's CC: Louise Suggs leads wire-to-wire to win by 14 strokes ahead of runner-up and defending champion Babe Zaharias

  • 1949 Despite 71 injuries, Yankees have been in 1st place all season until Red Sox move into a tie for 1st place

Historic Event

1949 Evangelist Billy Graham begins his "Los Angeles Crusade" in a circus tent erected in a parking lot

  • 1952 Hal Newhouser of Tigers wins his 200th game

Election of Interest

1954 Francois "Doc" Duvalier wins Haitian presidential election

  • 1954 Indians win AL record 111 games
  • 1954 WCBD TV channel 2 in Charleston, South Carolina (ABC) begins broadcasting

Sports History

1955 Detroit outfielder Al Kaline, 20, is youngest batting champ

  • 1955 The Royal Jordanian Air Force is founded.
  • 1956 Transatlantic telephone cable goes into operation from Newfoundland to Oban
  • 1956 Brooklyn Dodger Sal Maglie no-hits Philadelphia Phillies, 5-0
  • 1957 300 US Army troops guard 9 black kids return to Central High School in Arkansas
  • 1957 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga, Australia
  • 1957 Soviet 7 year plan (1959-1965) announced
  • 1957 18th Venice Film Festival: Influential Indian film "Aparajito" directed by Satyajit Ray is first film to win the Golden Lion and the Critics Award

Film Release

1959 Hammer horror film "The Mummy" starring Christopher Lee and Peter Cushing is first released in the UK

  • 1960 For 1st time since 1927, Pirates clinch NL pennant
  • 1960 NY Yankees clinch AL pennant
  • 1960 Phillies beat Reds 7-1, ending 16 consecutive Sunday loses
  • 1961 KTPS TV channel 62 in Tacoma, WA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1962 Black church is destroyed by fire in Macon, Georgia

Boxing Title Fight

1962 Challenger Sonny Liston KOs Floyd Patterson at 2:06 of round 1 at Comiskey Park, Chicago to win the world heavyweight boxing title

  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 Weatherly (US) beats Gretel (Aust) in 19th running of America's Cup
  • 1962 Yankees clinch AL pennant
  • 1962 "New Painting of Common Objects" exhibition at Pasadena Art Museum opens - 1st show on American Pop Art
  • 1964 Jens Otto Krag forms minority government in Denmark
  • 1965 "Do I Hear a Waltz?" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 220 performances

Sports History

1965 60 year old Satchel Paige of Kansas City Athletics pitches 3 scoreless innings

  • 1965 Beatle cartoon show begins in US
  • 1965 Children find trunk with corpse in Amsterdam canal

LPGA Championship

1966 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Stardust CC, LV: Gloria Ehret wins her only major title by 3 strokes ahead of runner-up Mickey Wright

Music Concert

1966 Dmitri Shostakovich's 2nd Cello Concert premieres in Moscow

  • 1966 Smallest Yankee stadium crowd, 413 see White Sox win 4-1
  • 1967 WGBX TV channel 44 in Boston, MA (PBS) begins broadcasting

Album Release

1970 Ringo Starr releases album "Beaucoups of Blues"

  • 1972 Dutch air force drives away Russian Tupolev-bomber
  • 1972 KAVT (now KSMQ) TV channel 15 in Austin, MN (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1972 Norway votes to join European common market
  • 1973 3-man crew of Skylab 3 make safe splashdown in Pacific after 59 days

Sports History

1973 New York Mets beat Montreal Expos, 2-1 on 'Willie Mays Night' at Shea Stadium, NYC

  • 1974 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974 Scientists first report that freon gases from aerosol sprays are destroying the ozone layer
  • 1975 Jackie Wilson suffers heart attack & lapse into a 9 yr terminal coma

#1 in the Charts

1975 Pink Floyd's concept album "Wish You Were Here" reaches No. 1 in the US, goes on to sell 13 million copies

  • 1976 George Gershwin's "Porgy & Bess" opens at Uris Theater NYC for 122 performances
  • 1976 Expo's last game at Montreal's Jarry Park

Music History

1976 Bono, David Evans, his brother Dik, and Adam Clayton respond to an advertisement on a bulletin board at Mount Temple posted by fellow student Larry Mullen Jr. to form a rock band, which becomes U2

  • 1978 PSA Boeing 727 & a Cessna private plane collide by San Diego, 144 die
  • 1979 "Evita" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 1568 performances
  • 1979 California Angels win their 1st NL West pennant

Film & TV History

1980 Chevy Chase calls Cary Grant a homo on Tomorrow show, a lawsuit follows

  • 1980 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1980 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Sports History

1980 Jerry Mumphrey joins Ozzie Smith and Gene Richards to steal 50 bases this year for Padres

  • 1980 The first congress of the Democratic Youth Organization of Afghanistan held in Kabul.

Historic Event

1981 Sandra Day O'Connor sworn in as the 1st female US Supreme Court Justice

Sports History

1981 Nolan Ryan's 5th career no-hitter as Astros beat Dodgers 5-0

  • 1981 Rolling Stones begin their 6th US tour (JFK Stadium, Philadelphia)
  • 1982 Northwestern ends 34 football game losing streak, beats No Ill 31-6
  • 1982 Penn prison guard George Banks kills 13 (5 were his own children)
  • 1982 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1982 Keke Rosberg becomes the first Fin to win the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship when he finishes 5th in season ending Caesars Palace Grand Prix in Las Vegas; wins by 5 points from Didier Pironi
  • 1983 35th Emmy Awards: "Hill Street Blues", "Cheers", Ed Flanders & Shelley Long win
  • 1983 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya, USSR
  • 1984 "Quilters" opens at Jack Lawrence Theater NYC for 24 performances
  • 1984 1st London performance of musical "Stepping Out" presented
  • 1984 Egypt & Jordan regain diplomatic relations

Baseball Record

1984 NY Met Rusty Staub joins Ty Cobb, who hit HRs as a teen & in 40s

  • 1985 Akali Dal wins Punjab State election in India
  • 1985 Palestinian terrorists kill 3 Israeli sailors at Lanaca Cyprus

Baseball Record

1985 Rickey Henderson steals Yankee record 75th base of season

  • 1986 Antonin Scalia appointed to US Supreme Court
  • 1986 Houston Astro Mike Scott no-hits SF Giants, 2-0
  • 1987 Major General Sitiveni Rabuka stages a second Fijian coup and declares Fiji a republic
  • 1988 American sprinter Florence Griffith Joyner wins women's 100m in Olympic record 10.54; beats teammate Evelyn Ashford by 0.29; 1st leg of sprint double at Seoul Games

Beatification

1988 Pope John Paul II beatifies Friar Junípero Serra (founder of 1st Californian missions)

  • 1988 Romanian gymnast Daniela Silivaș wins 3 gold medals in one day at the Seoul Olympics; balance beam, floor exercise & uneven bars events; records record equalling 7 perfect scores of 10

Olympic Gold

1988 Americans sweep the medals in the long jump at the Seoul Olympics; Carl Lewis wins his second gold of the Games with leap of 8.72m ahead of teammates Mike Powell & Larry Myricks

  • 1988 Phoebe Mills finishes third in the balance beam at the Seoul Olympics to become the first American female gymnast to win a medal at a fully attended Games
  • 1988 East German swimmer Kristin Otto swims Olympic record 25.49 to win the 50m freestyle gold at the Seoul Olympics; her 6th gold medal of the Games
  • 1988 Super swimmer Matt Biondi wins his 5th gold medal of the Seoul Olympics anchoring the victorious American 4 x 100m medley relay team
  • 1988 Hungarian swimmer Tamás Darnyi wins the 200m individual medley gold medal at the Seoul Olympics in world record 2:00.17; wraps up medley double at the Games
  • 1989 Archaeologists open Titus of Rhine grave in Amsterdam
  • 1989 Ronald Harwood's play "Another Time" premieres in London
  • 1989 Wade Boggs is 1st to get 200 hits & 100 walks in 4 consecutive seasons
  • 1990 1st 8 NY Yankees hit safely vs Baltimore Orioles to tie record
  • 1990 Oakland A's clinch 3rd straight AL West title

Historic Event

1990 Saddam Hussein warns that US will repeat Vietnam experience

  • 1990 UN Security Council vote 14-1 to impose air embargo against Iraq
  • 1991 "Good & Evil" premieres on ABC TV
  • 1991 Paramount at Madison Square Garden in NYC opens
  • 1991 3rd World Championships in Athletics: Carl Lewis wins gold in 100m

Music History

1992 "Barry Manilow's Showstoppers" opens at Paramount NYC

  • 1992 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1992 Opening Main-Donau canal (North Sea-Black Sea)

Sports History

1992 Sparky Anderson ties Hughie Jennings as Detroit's winningest manager

  • 1992 US Mars Observer launched from Space shuttle
  • 1992 Gregory Kingsley, 12, wins right to divorce his parents & live with his foster parents, he takes name Shawn Russ

Boxing Title Fight

1994 Oliver McCall TKOs Lennox Lewis in 2 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1996 The last of the Magdalen Asylums closes in Ireland.
  • 1997 Medical drama "ER" is performed live on TV
  • 1997 Britain's Andy Green sets jet-powered car record (714 mph)
  • 1997 American sportcaster Marv Albert plea bargains in his sexual assault case
  • 1997 STS 86 (Atlantis 20) launches into orbit
  • 1997 WNBA announces it will add Detroit & Washington, D.C. franchises
  • 2000 American basketball player Vince Carter jumps over 7 foot 2 Frédéric Weis in 2000 Summer Olympics, known in France as "le dunk de la mort" (the dunk of death)
  • 2002 The Vitim event, a possible bolide impact in Siberia, Russia.
  • 2003 A magnitude-8.0 earthquake strikes just offshore of Hokkaidō, Japan.
  • 2005 Spanish Renault driver Fernando Alonso takes 3rd place in the Brazilian Grand Prix at Autódromo José Carlos Pace to clinch his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship

President's Cup

2005 Presidents Cup Golf, Robert Trent Jones GC: Chris DiMarco, Jim Furyk and Phil Mickelson unbeaten as US beat International team, 18½–15½

Album Release

2007 Herbie Hancock releases "River: The Joni Letters" tribute to Joni Mitchell (Grammy Album of the Year, 2008)

  • 2007 Bungie Studios release Halo 3 for Xbox 360

Album Release

2007 Columbia Records releases Bruce Springsteen's 15th studio album "Magic", made with the E Street Band

Album Release

2007 Hear Music/Universal Records releases "Shine", Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell's 19th studio album