On This Day

Historical Events on September 26

Battle of Interest

46 BC Julius Caesar dedicates a temple to his mythical ancestor Venus Genetrix in accordance with a vow he made at the Battle of Pharsalus

  • 715 Ragenfrid defeats Theudoald at the Battle of Compiègne
  • 1212 Golden Bull of Sicily certified hereditary royal title in Bohemia for Přemyslid dynasty
  • 1371 Battle of Maritsa: Serbia-Turkey
  • 1396 Sultan Bajezid I beheads hundreds of crusaders
  • 1404 Brussels Brabants/Limburgse audit-office established

Historic Event

1580 Francis Drake completes circumnavigation of the world, sailing into Plymouth aboard the Golden Hind

  • 1629 Sweden & Poland signs Peace of Altmark
  • 1655 Peter Stuyvesant recaptures Dutch Ft Casimir from Swedish in Delaware
  • 1680 Tax revolt in Gorinchem due to tax on cereal

Parthenon

1687 Acropolis in Athens attacked by Venetian army trying to eject Turks, damaging the Parthenon

  • 1687 City council of Amsterdam votes to support William of Orange's invasion of England, which became the Glorious Revolution
  • 1733 France, Spain & Sardinia sign anti-German covenant

Historic Publication

1738 Scottish philosopher David Hume enters into a contract to publish the first two volumes of his seminal work "A Treatise of Human Nature" with John Noon in London

Historic Event

1771 Denis Diderot's "Le Fils Naturel" premieres in Paris

  • 1772 New Jersey passes bill requiring a license to practise medicine

Historic Event

1777 British General William Howe occupies Philadelphia during American Revolution

  • 1783 Fayette County, Pennsylvania created
  • 1786 Britain & France sign trade agreement
  • 1789 4th US Postmaster General: Samuel Osgood of Mass takes office

Appointment of Interest

1789 Thomas Jefferson appointed 1st US Secretary of State; John Jay becomes 1st US Chief Justice

  • 1789 Edmund J Randolph becomes 1st US Attorney General

Historic Event

1792 Marc-David Lasource begins accusing Maximilien Robespierre of wanting a dictatorship for France

  • 1810 A new Act of Succession is adopted by the Riksdag of the Estates and Jean Baptiste Bernadotte becomes heir to the Swedish throne.
  • 1815 Russia, Prussia and Austria sign the Holy Alliance

Historic Event

1815 Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord resigns as Prime Minister of France

  • 1824 Kapiolani defies Pele (Hawaiian volcano goddess) & lives
  • 1831 Robert Montgomery Bird's play "The Gladiator" premieres in NYC
  • 1835 Gaetano Donizetti's opera "Lucia di Lammermoor" premieres at the Teatro di San Carlo in Naples, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (now Italy)
  • 1861 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Tom Morris Sr. beats Willie Park Sr. by 4 strokes
  • 1867 British Open Men's Golf, Prestwick GC: Tom Morris Sr. wins 4th title; beats rival Willie Park Sr. by 2 strokes; at 46, Morris remains oldest Open champion
  • 1872 The first Shriners Temple (called Mecca) was established in New York City.
  • 1874 1st Grand International Rifle match held
  • 1876 1st Belgian parachute jump (Glorieux)
  • 1884 Suriname army shoots on British-Indian contract workers, 7 killed
  • 1887 Emile Berliner patents the Gramophone
  • 1890 US stops minting $1 & $3 gold coin & 3 cent piece

Music History

1892 1st public appearance of John Philip Sousa's New Marine Band, at Stillman Music Hall in Plainfield, New Jersey

  • 1895 Italian general Oreste Baratieri lands in Massawa, Eritrea
  • 1898 Victor Herbert and Harry Smith's operetta "The Fortune Teller" premieres at Wallack's Theater, New York City
  • 1901 Boer General Botha fails to capture Fort Itala in Natal
  • 1901 Great Britain annexes the Ashanti Kingdom and places it under the governor of the Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • 1904 Charles Kleins "Music Master" premieres in NYC
  • 1904 Earl Grey is named British governor-general of Canada
  • 1904 GB Shaw's "How He Lied to Her Husband" premieres in NYC
  • 1906 Pitts Lefty Leifield no-hits Phillies, 8-0 in 6 inning game
  • 1907 New Zealand and Newfoundland each become dominions within the British Empire
  • 1908 Ed Ruelbach becomes the first person to pitch a doubleheader shutout in major league baseball
  • 1914 Federal Trade Commission formed to regulate interstate commerce
  • 1914 Germans arrest A Max, mayor of Brussels
  • 1916 Bishop speak against Catholics in trade unions
  • 1917 British assault on Menin-street, France
  • 1918 Beginning of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, more than 1 million American soldiers in the largest and most costly offensive of WWI
  • 1921 Yankee Ruth hits HRs 57 & 58 to beat Indians 8-7

Historic Event

1923 Gustav Stresemann government ends resistance against occupiers in Ruhrgebied

  • 1923 The Commonwealth Conference is held in London, where Britain recognizes the right of the Dominions to make treaties with foreign powers

PGA Championship

1925 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Olympia Fields CC: Defending champion Walter Hagen defeats Bill Mehlhorn, 6 & 5 in the final; 3rd PGA crown overall, and 7th of his 11 major titles

  • 1925 Italian sub "Sebastiano Veniero" lost off Sicily with 54 dead
  • 1926 JB Fagan's "And So to Bed" premieres in London
  • 1926 Shortest double header, Yanks lose 6-1 in 72 minutes & lose again 6-2 in 55 minutes to Browns. Yanks had already clinched pennant
  • 1927 St James Theater (Erlanger) opens at 246 W 44th St, NYC
  • 1929 John Schrober becomes chancellor of Austria
  • 1933 Sidney Kingsley's "Men in White" premieres in NYC
  • 1934 British ocean liner RMS Queen Mary is launched; "wins" Blue Riband for fastest passenger crossing of Atlantic, 1936 & 1938-52; retired in 1967, permanently moored and converted to a hotel in Long Beach, California
  • 1939 German seaplane shoots KLM-aircraft (1 killed)
  • 1940 Luftwaffe bombs Spitfire factory in Woolston, Southampton for second time, 30 killed
  • 1940 Japanese troops attack French Indo-China
  • 1944 Soviet forces occupy Estonia
  • 1944 World War II: Battle of Arnhem ends in Allied failure as German forces link up on both sides of the Lower Rhine river and mop up last British resistance
  • 1945 All old Dutch banknotes declared invalid

Historic Publication

1946 1st edition of Tintin (Kuifje), publishes until June 1993

  • 1947 Happy Chandler announces Ford & Gillette to sponsor World Series
  • 1948 Boston Braves win 1st NL championship since 1914

Hollywoodland

1949 Groundbreaking ceremony for the Hollywood sign in Hollywood, Los Angeles; old Hollywoodland sign torn down, reconstruction of a replacement begins with just Hollywood

  • 1950 Because of forest fire in Br Columbia, blue moon appears in England
  • 1950 Phils pitcher Jim Konstanty makes record 71st appearance of year
  • 1950 UN troops in Korean War recapture South Korean capital of Seoul
  • 1951 Prof Youngblood demonstrates artificial heart in Paris
  • 1952 Yanks clinch 4th straight & 19th AL pennant, beating A's 5-2
  • 1953 Shortstop Billy Hunter smashes final home run in St Louis Browns history during a 6-3 loss to Chicago WS at Busch Stadium; franchise moves to Baltimore next season
  • 1953 KERO TV channel 23 in Bakersfield, CA (CBS/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 Polish government fires/imprisons Cardinal Wyszynski
  • 1953 US & Spain sign defense treaty (4 US bases in Spain)
  • 1954 Japanese ferry boat Toya Maru sinks in Strait of Tsugaru during a typhoon, 1,153 people die
  • 1954 KODE TV channel 12 in Joplin, MO (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 KUTV TV channel 2 in Salt Lake City, UT (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 WANE TV channel 15 in Fort Wayne, IN (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 WCAX TV channel 3 in Burlington, VT (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 A's defeats Yanks 8-6 in last game franchise will play in Philadelphia

Sports History

1954 Yogi Berra plays his only game at 3rd & Mickey Mantle plays shortstop

  • 1955 NY Stock Exchange worst price decline since 1929

Music Premiere

1957 Leornard Bernstein, Stephen Sondheim and Jerome Robbins' musical "West Side Story" premieres at the Winter Garden Theater, NYC; runs for 732 performances, wins 2 Tony Awards

Election of Interest

1957 Dag Hammarskjöld re-elected secretary-general of UN

  • 1957 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1958 Columbia (US) beats Sceptre (Britain) in 18th America's Cup
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Sports History

1959 Milwaukee Braves Warren Spahn becomes winningest NL lefty

  • 1959 SF Giants Sam Jones 2nd no-hitter, beats St Louis Cards, 4-0
  • 1959 Typhoon Vera, hits Japanese island of Honshu, causing the deaths of 4,580 people with 658 missing
  • 1960 1st of 4 TV debates Nixon & Kennedy took place (Chicago)

United Nations Speech

1960 Cuban leader Fidel Castro delivers a 4 hour and 29 minute long speech at the United Nations

  • 1961 "From the Second City" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 87 performances

Baseball Record

1961 Roger Maris hits HR #60 off Jack Fisher, tying Babe Ruth's record

  • 1962 LA Dodgers shortstop Maury Wills becomes first player in MLB history to steal 100 bases (en route to 104)
  • 1962 TV comedy series "Beverly Hillbillies" premieres on CBS
  • 1962 Yemen Arab Republic proclaimed (National Day)
  • 1963 1st edition of NYC Review of Books

Historic Event

1963 Lee Harvey Oswald travels on Continental Trailways bus to Mexico City, Mexico

  • 1964 Braves (25) & Phillies (18) set record by using 43 players in 9 inn

Television Debut

1964 TV sitcom "Gilligan's Island", starring Bob Denver as Gilligan, debuts on CBS

  • 1965 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Stardust CC: Sandra Haynie wins by 1 stroke from Clifford Ann Creed
  • 1965 Minnesota gains its 1st AL pennant by defeating Washington, 2-1
  • 1965 Queen Elizabeth decorates the Beatles with Order of the British Empire
  • 1966 "Staten Island" 1st icebreaker to enter San Francisco Bay

Music Concert

1967 Dmitri Shostakovich's 2nd Violin concert premieres in Moscow

  • 1968 1st broadcast of "Hawaii Five-O" on CBS-TV
  • 1968 Marcelo Caetano elected premier of Portugal
  • 1968 St Louis Cards' Bob Gibson's 13th shutout ends with 1.12 ERA
  • 1968 Theatre censorship ends in Britain
  • 1968 "Oliver!" directed by Carol Reed and starring Mark Lester and Ron Moody premieres in London (Best Picture 1969)
  • 1969 The Beatles release "Abbey Road" album, their final recordings as a quartet
  • 1969 Bolivia military coup under general Ovando Candia
  • 1969 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Television Premiere

1969 TV sitcom "The Brady Bunch" created by Sherwood Schwartz premieres on ABC in the US

  • 1970 The Laguna Fire starts in San Diego County, California, burning 175,425 acres (710 km²).
  • 1970 A groups of Protestant youths attack the Catholic Unity Flats as rioting continues in the Protestant Shankill Road area

Sports History

1971 Jim Palmer is 4th Oriole to win at least 20 games this season

  • 1971 WGBY TV channel 57 in Springfield, MA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1971 MP David Bleakley resigns in protest over the introduction of Internment and the lack of any new political initiatives by the Northern Ireland government
  • 1972 American Museum of Immigration dedicated
  • 1972 Norway rejects membership in European Common Market
  • 1973 Turkey's state of siege ends (after 2½ years)

Sports History

1973 Wilt Chamberlain signs with ABA San Diego Conquistadors

  • 1973 Concorde makes its first non-stop crossing of the Atlantic (Washington, D.C. to Paris) in record-breaking time (3h33m).
  • 1974 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1975 Phillies & NY Mets play a doubleheader that ends at 3:15 AM
  • 1976 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1976 Denver's Rick Upchurch returns 2 punts for TDs against Cleveland
  • 1976 Phillies clinch their 1st NL East Division title
  • 1977 Cleveland Browns play their 1st overtime game, beat Patriots 30-27
  • 1977 Sir Freddie Laker begins cut-rate "Skytrain" service, London to NY
  • 1978 RR clerks go on strike, halting more than 2/3s of rail service
  • 1978 NY District Court Judge Constance Baker Motley rules that women sportswriters cannot be banned from locker rooms
  • 1979 1984 summer LA Olympic coverage sold to ABC for $225 million
  • 1979 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1980 Bomb attack on Octoberfest in Munich, 12 killed
  • 1980 Cuban government closes Mariel Harbor ending "freedom flotilla"
  • 1980 Soyuz 38 returns to Earth
  • 1981 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1982 "Doll's Life" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 5 performances

Television Debut

1982 "Knight Rider", starring David Hasselhoff, debuts on NBC

  • 1983 Cardinals' Bob Forsch pitches 2nd career no-hitter, beating Montreal Expos 3-0, in St. Louis
  • 1983 Ali Haji-Sheikh kicks 56 yard field goal, a NY Giants record
  • 1983 Australia II wins America's Cup yacht race - 1st non-US winner
  • 1983 Cosmonauts Titov & Strekalov are saved from exploding Soyuz T-10
  • 1983 Lebanon premier Chafiq Wazzan offers to resigns
  • 1983 Soviet military officer Lt. Col. Stanislav Petrov averts a worldwide nuclear war by judging supposed missile attack from the US an error
  • 1984 5,251 turn out to see Phillies play NY Mets at Shea Stadium

Music History

1984 Berlin appeals court clears Paul McCartney in a paternity suit

  • 1984 Britain & China initial agreement return Hong Kong to China in 1997
  • 1984 Dutch Queen Beatrice opens University
  • 1984 Phila's Juan Samuel sets record for steals by a rookie with his 72nd

Historic Event

1984 President Reagan vetoes sanctions against South Africa

  • 1985 Tunisia drops diplomatic relations with Libya
  • 1986 Antonin Scalia, sworn in as US Supreme Court Justice
  • 1986 RUN-DMC is 1st rap group to hit top 10 (Raisin' Hell)
  • 1986 William Hubbs Rehnquist, sworn in as Chief Justice of Supreme Court

Film & TV History

1986 Bobby (Patrick Duffy) returns to TV show "Dallas", his death is attributed to his wife Pam's bad dream (erases all of last season)

  • 1987 Padres Benito Santiago sets rookie hitting streak to 28 games
  • 1988 Canada's Ben Johnson stripped of his 100-m gold failing drug test
  • 1988 NYC's Rockefeller Center declared a national landmark
  • 1988 Polish communist party picks propaganda chief Rakowski as new PM
  • 1988 US space shuttle STS-26 launched
  • 1988 Soviet throwers sweep the medals in the hammer throw at the Seoul Olympics; Sergey Litvinov wins gold with an Olympic record 84.80m ahead of teammates Yuriy Sedykh & Jüri Tamm
  • 1989 Last Vietnamese soldiers leave Cambodia

Historic Event

1989 Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze calls for total destruction of Soviet & US chemical weapons

  • 1990 Motion Picture Association of America creates new NC-17 rating
  • 1991 2 year experimental Biosphere 2 in Oracle Arizona begins
  • 1992 Nigerian Air Force Hercules C-130 crashes three minutes after take-off from Lagos, Nigeria, killing 163

Film & TV History

1992 Roseanne Barr Arnold gets a star on Hollywood's Walk of Fame

  • 1992 Tsuruhiko Kiuchi rediscovers Comet Swift-Tuttle, the first time it has been spotted since 1862
  • 1992 1st time a positional player pitches for NY Mets, Phil Pecota, in 19-2 lose to Pirates

Ryder Cup

1993 Ryder Cup Golf, The Belfry: US beats Europe, 15-13; Davis Love III secures victory for the US beating Costantino Rocca at the 18th, 1 up

  • 1993 Cubs bat out of order against Pirates in 2nd inning
  • 1993 Indians win their last game at Cleveland Stadium, beating Brewers 6-4
  • 1993 Seattle's Randy Johnson joins 300-strikeout club

Sports History

1993 French Williams driver Alain Prost finishes 2nd in Portuguese Grand Prix at Estoril to clinch his 4th F1 World Drivers Championship; after race Prost announces his retirement at the end of the season

  • 1994 Estonia government of Prime Minister Mart Laar was defeated by no-confidence vote
  • 1994 Switzerland bans racist propaganda

Historic Publication

1995 "George" magazine premieres, published by John F. Kennedy Jr

  • 1995 Earliest 1st-class cricket in Aust season (Qld v Western Prov)
  • 1995 Sri Lanka complete 2-1 Test Cricket series win in Pakistan from 0-1

Baseball Record

1996 SF Giant Barry Bonds is 2nd player to hit 40 HRs & steal 40 bases

  • 1996 Space Shuttle STS 79 (Atlantis 17), lands

Baseball Record

1997 Seattle Mariner Ken Griffey Jr. hits his 56th HR of 1997

  • 1997 An earthquake strikes the Italian regions of Umbria and the Marche, causing part of the Basilica of St. Francis at Assisi to collapse
  • 1999 Ryder Cup Golf, The Country Club, Brookline: US wins 14½-13½ after trailing 10-6 going into the singles; win first 6 matches to set up victory; poor American crowd & team behaviour heavily criticised