On This Day

Historical Events on September 4

  • 422 St Boniface I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

End of the Western Roman Empire

476 Romulus Augustulus, last Western Roman Emperor, abdicates after forces led by Odoacer invade Rome. Traditional end of the Western Roman Empire.

  • 626 Shimin becomes Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor of China, when his father abdicates in his favour
  • 925 Aethelstan crowned King of the Anglo Saxons by the Archbishop of Canterbury at Kingston upon Thames
  • 1260 Battle at Montaperti, Tuscany, between rival factions the Guelphs and Ghibellines
  • 1282 King of Aragon Pedro III annexes Sicily
  • 1414 Peace of Atrecht: John the fearless & Armagnacs
  • 1479 King Alfonso I of Portugal recognizes Isabella as queen of Castile
  • 1571 Catholic rebellion in Scotland

Historic Event

1609 Navigator Henry Hudson is the first European to discover island of Manhattan [or Sep 11]

  • 1618 "Rodi" avalanche destroys Plurs, Switzerland, 1,500 killed
  • 1778 City of Amsterdam signs trade agreement with American rebels
  • 1781 Los Angeles is founded by 44 Spanish speaking mestizos in the Bahia de las Fumas (Bay of Smokes)
  • 1786 -5] William of Orange's troops plunder Netherlands towns of Hattem and Elburg
  • 1805 1st edition of Batavian State Courier published

Historic Event

1807 Robert Fulton begins operating his steamboat between New York and Albany

  • 1813 First US religious newspaper (Religious Remembrancer (Christian Observer))

Historic Event

1821 Chilean independence figure José Miguel Carrera shot and killed after a show trial in Mendoza, Argentina

  • 1833 1st newsboy hired (Barney Flaherty, 10 years old by the NY Sun)
  • 1842 Work on Cologne cathedral recommences after a 284-year hiatus
  • 1854 English and French lay siege to the eastern Russian city of Petropavlovsk Kamchatsky during the Crimean war

Historic Event

1862 General Lee begins the Maryland Campaign invading the North with 50,000 Confederate troops (US Civil war)

  • 1862 North Beach & Mission Railway Company organized in San Francisco
  • 1864 Bread riots in Mobile, Alabama

Historic Event

1870 The Third French Republic proclaimed as French overthrow Emperor Napoleon III (who ironically was the elected president of the Second French Republic) after his defeat by Prussia at Sedan

Historic Event

1882 In its 1st large-scale test, Thomas Edison's light bulb is used to light NY's Pearl Street Station

  • 1884 Britain ends its policy of penal transportation to New South Wales in Australia
  • 1885 1st cafeteria opens (NYC)

Victory in Battle

1886 Apache Chief Geronimo surrenders ending last major US-Indian war

Historic Event

1893 English author Beatrix Potter first writes the story of Peter Rabbit for a 5 year old boy

  • 1894 In NYC, 12,000 tailors went on strike protesting against sweat shops
  • 1899 8.3 earthquake shakes Yakutat Bay, Alaska
  • 1904 Dalai Lama signs treaty allowing British commerce in Tibet
  • 1906 New York Highlanders beat Boston Pilgrims, 7 - 0 and 1 - 0 for their MLB record 5th straight doubleheader sweep
  • 1911 French aviator Roland Garros sets world altitude record of 4,250 m (13,944 ft)
  • 1912 First accident (collision) in London Underground: 22 people injured
  • 1914 General von Moltke ceases German advance in France
  • 1914 France, Russia, and Britain agree in a Pact of London that none will make a separate peace
  • 1916 Future Baseball Hall of Fame pitchers Christy Mathewson & Mordecai Brown face each other for a final time; after 25 contests Mathewson takes a 13-12 advantage with Reds 10-8 winners over Cubs
  • 1918 Jhr Ch Ruys de Beerenbrouck becomes 1st Dutch Catholic premier
  • 1918 US troops land in Archangel, Russia, stay 10 months
  • 1919 British intervene in Petrograd

Historic Event

1919 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who founded the Republic of Turkey, gathers a congress in Sivas to make decisions as to the future of Anatolia and Thrace.

  • 1919 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills NY: Bill Johnston wins his second US title; beats Bill Tilden 6-4, 6-4, 6-3
  • 1920 Last day of Julian civil calendar (in parts of Bulgaria)
  • 1920 Man o' War wins the 1 5/8-mile Lawrence Realization Stakes at Belmont Park by 100 lengths, the largest winning margin in modern thoroughbred racing history; world record time 2.40.8

World Record

1922 Finnish super athlete Paavo Nurmi runs a 2000m world record 5:26.3 in Tampere, Finland

Historic Event

1922 William Walmsley and William Lyons officially found the Swallow Sidecar Company (later Jaguar Cars) in Blackpool, England

  • 1922 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, NYC, NY: Bill Tilden beats James Anderson 6-4, 5-7, 3-6, 6-4, 6-2 for unassailable 3-1 lead for US over Australasia; US retains title, ends 4-1
  • 1923 A Charlot & N Coward's revue "London Calling" premieres in London
  • 1923 New York Yankees pitcher 'Sad Sam' Jones no-hits Philadelphia A's, 2-0
  • 1923 Maiden flight of the first U.S. airship, the USS Shenandoah

Sports History

1927 Charles Lindbergh visits Boise, Idaho, on his cross-country tour

  • 1930 Cambridge Theatre opens in London
  • 1932 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Keller GC: Olin Dutra wins the first of 2 major titles, beating Frank Walsh, 4 & 3
  • 1933 1st airplane to exceed 300 mph (483 kph), JR Wendell, Glenview, Il

Coup d'état

1933 Coup against Cuban president Carlos Manuel de Céspedes y Quesada by Fulgencio Batista

Sports History

1934 Australian cricket super-batsman Don Bradman scores 149 not out in just 104 minutes (17 fours, 4 sixes) in drawn tour match v England XI at Folkestone

Victory in Battle

1936 Franco's troops conquer Irun & Talavera de la Reina, Spain

  • 1936 Largo Caballero becomes Spanish premier

Film Release

1936 "Swing Time", directed by George Stevens, starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers, is released

  • 1937 15 year old cyclist Doris Kopsky becomes 1st Amateur Bicycle League of America woman's national champion in 4:22.4 in Buffalo, NY
  • 1939 Dutch Second Chamber affirms the Netherlands is in a State of War with Germany
  • 1939 German troops move into Danzig
  • 1939 Netherlands & Belgium declare neutrality
  • 1939 Mir, a Nazi ghetto in occupied Poland, is exterminated
  • 1939 RAF bombs Wilhelmshafen, Germany

Historic Event

1939 Surgeon Archibald McIndoe sets up new Centre for Plastic and Jaw Surgery at Queen Victoria Hospital, East Grinstead, England to treat injured airmen

  • 1940 CBS begins broadcasting TV as station W2XAB
  • 1940 Gerbrandy becomes premier of Dutch government in exile

Historic Event

1940 Nazi collaborator Mussert puts the fate of Netherlands in Hitler's hands

  • 1941 US destroyer Greer fires on German submarine U-652
  • 1941 New York Yankees clinch their 3rd straight AL pennant; beat the Red Sox, 6-3; earliest date in baseball history a team has captured a flag
  • 1942 Transport #28 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1943 British 8th Army lands at Taranto, South Italy
  • 1944 2,087 Jews transported for Westerbork to KZ-Lower Theresienstadt
  • 1944 British 11th Armoured Division frees Antwerp
  • 1944 Finland breaks diplomatic contact with Nazi Germany
  • 1944 US 1st Army frees Namur, Belgium
  • 1944 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: American Frank Parker wins 1st of 4 Grand Slam titles; beats William Talbert 6-4, 3-6, 6-3, 6-3
  • 1944 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Pauline Betz Addie wins her third straight US title; beats Margaret Osborne 6-3, 8-6
  • 1945 American chess grandmaster Reuben Fine wins 4 simultaneous rapid (10 seconds per move) games blindfolded in New York City
  • 1945 US regains possession of Wake Island from Japan
  • 1947 Champion Middlesex cricket batsman Denis Compton scores 101 for South of England in tour match defeat to South Africa at Lord's; his record 17th century of the English season
  • 1948 "Angel in the Wings" closes at Coronet Theater NYC after 308 performances

Historic Event

1948 Queen Wilhelmina abdicates the Dutch throne in favour of her daughter Juliana because of illness, after 58 years, longest of any Dutch monarch

  • 1949 Marie Robie sinks 393 yd hole-in-one (1st hole in Furnace Brook)
  • 1950 First helicopter rescue of American pilot behind enemy lines
  • 1950 D McI Hodgson of St Ann Bay, Nova Scotia catches a 997 lb tuna
  • 1950 Heavy typhoon strikes Japan, kills about 250
  • 1950 "Beetle Bailey" comic strip debuts in twelve newspapers
  • 1950 NASCAR’s first paved super speedway, Darlington Raceway hosts Southern 500, first 500-mile event in NASCAR history; winner Johnny Mantz in a Plymouth
  • 1951 1st transcontinental TV broadcast, by US President Harry Truman
  • 1951 NBC extends to become a 61 station coast-to-coast network

Conference of Interest

1951 US President Harry Truman addresses opening of Japanese Peace Treaty Conference

  • 1953 WATR (now WTXX) TV channel 20 in Waterbury, CT (NBC) begins
  • 1953 WGEM TV channel 10 in Quincy-Hannibal, IL (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 Peter B. Cortese of US achieves a one-arm deadlift of 370 lbs; 22 lbs over triple his body weight, at York, Pennsylvania
  • 1957 Ford Motor Co. introduces Edsel automobile range

Little Rock Crisis

1957 Governor of Arkansas, Orval Faubus, calls out National Guard to prevent 9 black students from entering a Little Rock's Central High School

  • 1960 -12] Hurricane Donna, kills 148 in the Caribbean & US

Radio Premiere

1961 Carol Burnett-Richard Hayes Show premieres on CBS radio

  • 1961 US authorizes Agency for International Development
  • 1962 Beatles record "How Do You Do It" at EMI

Historic Event

1962 French President Charles de Gaulle visits German FR

  • 1963 Swissair Flight 306 crashes near Dürrenäsch, Switzerland, killing all 80 people on board
  • 1964 Eduardo Frei Montalva elected President of Chile
  • 1964 Scottish Forth Road Bridge opens (then the longest in Europe)
  • 1964 NASA launches its 1st Orbital Geophysical Observatory (OGO-1)
  • 1965 The Beatles' single "Help!" goes #1 & stays #1 for 3 weeks
  • 1965 KREZ TV channel 6 in Durango, CO (CBS/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1965 Rock group The Who's van is vandalized with $10,000 in equipment stolen
  • 1966 Australian Jack Brabham clinches his 3rd Formula 1 World Drivers Championship with a 6th place in the Italian Grand Prix at Monza
  • 1967 6.5 earthquake of Kolya Dam India, kills 200


1967 Jerry Lewis' 2nd Muscular Dystrophy telethon

  • 1967 Train crash at Arnhem, Netherlands, kills 5
  • 1968 Nigerian troops conquer the city of Aba, Biafra during the Nigerian Civil War
  • 1970 -5) 29.0 cm rainfall at Workman Creek, Arizona (state record)
  • 1970 Russian ballerina Natalia Makarova defects to the West while on tour with the Kirov Ballet in London and is granted political asylum

Election of Interest

1970 Marxist Salvador Allende wins a narrow plurality of votes in Chile's presidential election

  • 1970 An Irish Republican Army (IRA) member, Michael Kane (35), is killed in the premature explosion of the bomb he was planting at an electricity transformer in Belfast
  • 1971 Alaskan 727 crashes into Chilkoot Mountain, kills 109 (Alaska)

World Record

1972 US 4 x 100m medley relay team of Mike Stamm, Tom Bruce, Mark Spitz & Jerry Heidenreich sets world record 3:48.16 to win gold at the Munich Olympics; Mark Spitz becomes 1st athlete to win 7 Olympic gold medals at a single Games

  • 1972 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1972 John Lennon and Yoko Ono perform three songs ("Imagine"; "Now Or Never"; "Give Peace A Chance") on Jerry Lewis' 7th Muscular Dystrophy telethon at the Americana Hotel, NYC
  • 1972 Thieves steal 18 paintings from the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts in what was at the time the largest art theft in North America
  • 1972 "The Price is Right" - US's longest running games show debuts on CBS
  • 1972 American swimmer Mike Burton sets a world record 15:52.58 to win the 1,500m gold medal at the Munich Olympics
  • 1972 American swimmer Melissa Belote with a world record 2:19.19 takes the 200m backstroke gold medal at the Munich Olympics; wraps up backstroke double having won the 100m in Olympic record time
  • 1972 Soviet sprinter Valeriy Borzov runs 20.00 to win the men's 200m gold medal at the Munich Olympics; wraps up the 100/200m double at the Games
  • 1972 Kenyan legend Kipchoge Keino follows his 1,500m gold in Mexico City with an Olympic record 8:23.64 to win the 3,000m steeplechase at the Munich Olympics
  • 1972 16 year old Ulrike Meyfarth of West Germany with a world record equalling 1.92m, wins the women's high jump gold medal at the Munich Olympics; youngest winner of individual athletics event in Olympic history
  • 1972 Willem Ruska of the Netherlands wins gold medals in both the heavyweight & open class Olympic judo competitions in Munich; first judoka to win 2 Olympic gold medals at one Games
  • 1972 Italian diver Klaus Dibiasi wins his 2nd of 3 consecutive 10m platform gold medals the Munich Olympics
  • 1973 William E. Colby, becomes 10th director of the CIA
  • 1975 The Sinai Interim Agreement relating to the Arab-Israeli conflict is signed
  • 1976 Palestinians hijack KLM DC-9 to Cyprus
  • 1977 "Godspell" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 527 performances
  • 1978 Jerry Lewis' 13th Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $29,074,405
  • 1979 Sunil Gavaskar scores his third double century in Test cricket (221) to guide India to a famous draw against England in the 4th Test at The Oval
  • 1979 India need 438 to win v England, game ends at 8-429
  • 1979 Iran army conquers Baneh
  • 1980 Yes performs its last concert at Madison Square Garden
  • 1981 Longest MLB game at Fenway Park ends in 20 innings; Seattle Mariners beat Boston Red Sox, 8-7

Film & TV History

1981 Newscaster David Brinkley is released by NBC

  • 1981 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1982 Arson fire engulfs apartment-hotel in LA, 25 die
  • 1982 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1983 "Joseph & the Amazing Dreamcoat" closes at Royale NYC after 747 performances
  • 1983 US Men's Amateur Golf Championship, North Shore CC: Jay Sigel successfully defends title 8 & 7 over Chris Perry
  • 1983 Greg LeMond wins UCI World Road Race Championship in 7h 01' 21" in Altenrhein, Switzerland; first American cyclist to take the title
  • 1983 Californian skier Scott Michael Pellaton sets barefoot waterski speed record; 119.36 mph
  • 1984 Nigerian singer Fela Kuti sentenced to 2 years [1]
  • 1985 Russian Igor Paklin sets new high jump world record at 2.41m in Kobe, Japan
  • 1985 NY Mets catcher Gary Carter's 2 HRs in a 9-2 win in San Diego ties MLB record of 5 HRs in 2 games
  • 1986 189.42 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange

Sports History

1988 Mike Tyson crashes a silver BMW into a tree near Catskills NY

  • 1988 The relocated Phoenix Cardinals play first regular-season NFL game; lose 21-14 v Bengals at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati
  • 1989 Jerry Lewis' 24th Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $42,737,219
  • 1989 46th Venice Film Festival: "A City of Sadness" directed by Hsiao-hsien Hou debuts and wins the Golden Lion
  • 1989 Monday demonstrations demanding political reforms begin at St Nicholas's church in Leipzig, East Germany, would later be replicated around the country

Venice Film Festival

1990 47th Venice Film Festival: "Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead" directed by Tom Stoppard wins the Golden Lion

  • 1991 "Most Happy Fella" opens at NY State Theater NYC
  • 1991 Rte 35 Theater in Hazlit, last drive-in in NJ, closes

Baseball Record

1991 MLB Statistical Accuracy Committee votes to drop asterisk next to Roger Maris' 1961 home run record of 61 (passing Babe Ruth's 60) & determine an official no hitter must go at least 9 innings

US Men's Tennis Open

1992 In his record 115th and final US Open singles match, Jimmy Connors is beaten by Ivan Lendl 3-6, 6-3, 6-2, 6-0 in a 2nd-round night match

  • 1992 "Scared Silent" is 1st non news program to be seen on 3 networks simultaneously. (CBS, NBC & PBS), about child abuse hosted by Oprah
  • 1992 Singer Harry Nilsson makes a rare (and final) concert appearance, joining Ringo and His All-Starr Band for a version of his "Without You" at Caesar’s Palace. Las Vegas, Nevada
  • 1993 Penn State University plays its first football game in the Big 10, beating Minnesota 38-20; quarterback John Sacca throws 4 touchdown passes to Bobby Engram
  • 1993 New York Yankees pitcher Jim Abbott no-hits Cleveland Indians, 4-0 at Yankee Stadium

US Men's Tennis Open

1993 Mats Wilander beats fellow Swede Mikael Pernfors in a US Open marathon 7-6, 3-6, 1-6, 7-6, 6-4 in 4 hours, 1 minute; match ends at 2:26am

  • 1994 Bulgarian government of Lyuben Berov falls
  • 1994 Tom Tupa scores the first 2-point conversion in NFL history, running in a fake extra point attempt for the Cleveland Browns in a 28-20 win at Cincinnati
  • 1994 Kansai International airport officially opens near Osaka, Japan

NFL Record

1994 Miami quarterback Dan Marino throws 5 touchdown passes in Dolphins' 39-35 win over New England; sets NFL record with his 18th game of 4-or-more touchdown passes

  • 1994 Chinese diver Fu Mingxia wins 10m platform gold medal at World Swimming Championships in Rome, Italy; becomes first female to win back-to-back world titles in the event
  • 1995 Jerry Lewis' 30th Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $47,800,000
  • 1995 The Fourth World Conference on Women opens in Beijing with over 4,750 delegates from 181 countries in attendance.

Television Debut

1995 Cult TV series "Xena: Warrior Princess" starring Lucy Lawless and Renee O'Connor debuts in the US

  • 1995 Chicago White Sox third baseman Robin Ventura hits grand slams in consecutive innings, the 4th and 5th, of a 14-3 rout of the Texas Rangers
  • 1996 13th MTV Video Music Awards: Alanis Morrissette and The Smashing Pumpkins win
  • 1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Louisville, Kentucky on WTFX 100.5 FM
  • 1997 14th MTV Video Music Awards: Jamiroquai, Jewel & Beck win

Historic Event

1998 Google is formally incorporated by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two students at Stanford University

  • 1998 1st ever "Who wants to be a Millionaire?" hosted by Chris Tarrant debuts on ITV in Britain
  • 1998 NY Yankees beat Chicago WS, 11-6, to win their 100th game on the earliest date in MLB history besting the 1906 Chicago Cubs & 1954 Cleveland Indians by 5 days
  • 1999 MLB's Cincinnati Reds set a National League record with 9 home runs as they rout the Philadelphia Phillies, 22-3
  • 2000 England claim first series (3-1) over West Indies since 1969; win 5th Test by 158 runs at The Oval, London; Windies captain Courtney Walsh's 132nd and final Test

Film & TV History

2002 Before a U.S. Congressional panel, Doris Roberts testifies that age discrimination is prevalent in Hollywood

  • 2002 Argentina pulls off one of the biggest upsets in basketball history, beating the US, 87-80 in 2nd round of the World Championships; 1st US loss in 59 games since sending NBA players to international competition in 1992
  • 2002 After blowing an 11-run lead to Kansas City, Scott Hatteberg's bottom of the 9th walk off HR gives Oakland a historic MLB victory, 12-11; A's set AL record 20 game winning streak
  • 2004 Dramatic film "Finding Neverland" about playwright J. M. Barrie's relationship with a family who inspired his creation of Peter Pan, premieres at the Venice Film Festival
  • 2005 20 year old Kyle Busch becomes youngest driver to win a NASCAR Cup Series race when he out duels Greg Biffle in the Sony HD 500 at California Speedway

Golf Tournament

2006 Tiger Woods matches the lowest final round of his career (8-under 63) in the Deutsche Bank C'ship at Norton, MA to win for the 5th straight time and 7th time this PGA Tour season

  • 2006 Damon Allen moves past ex-CFL & NFL star Warren Moon as pro football's all-time leading passer; throws for 207 yards & 2 scores as Toronto routs Hamilton, 40-6; Allen 70,595 career passing yards

Film Premier

2008 "The Hurt Locker" directed by Kathryn Bigelow and starring Jeremy Renner premieres at the Venice Film Festival (Best Picture 2010)

  • 2010 Canterbury earthquake: a 7.1 magnitude earthquake which struck the South Island of New Zealand at 4:35 am causing widespread damage and several power outages.
  • 2012 25 people are killed at a funeral suicide bombing in Nangarhar, Pakistan
  • 2012 42 people are killed and 25 injured as a passenger bus falls down a ravine in Morocco