On This Day

Historical Events on September 5

  • 1198 Philips of Zwabia, Prince of Hohenstaufen, crowned King of Germany and King of the Romans

Battle of Interest

1519 Second Battle of Tehuacingo, Mexico: Hernán Cortés vs Tlascala Aztecs

  • 1550 William Cecil appoints himself English minister of foreign affairs

Historic Siege

1590 Alexander Farnese's army forces Henry IV of France to raise the siege of Paris

  • 1596 Dutch fleet commander Cornelis de Houtman taken hostage in Java

Appointment of Interest

1622 Richelieu appointed Cardinal under French King Louis XIII

  • 1634 -6] Battle at Nordlingen: King Ferdinand III & Spain beat Sweden & German protestants

Victory in Battle

1644 Prince Frederick Henry conquers Sas of Gent

Historic Event

1661 Nicolas Fouquet, French Superintendent of Finances under Louis XIV is arrested for maladministration of state funds; he died in 1680, never seeing freedom again.

Historic Event

1698 Russian Tsar Peter the Great imposes a tax on beards

Pirate Attack

1717 Britain's King George I issues Proclamation "For Suppressing Pirates in the West Indies", granting pirates who surrender a pardon (re-issued 1718)

  • 1750 Decree issued in Paderborn Prussia allows for annual search of all Jewish homes for stolen or "doubtful" goods
  • 1774 The 1st Continental Congress, a meeting of delegates from 12 of the 13 British colonies that later became the United States, convenes at Carpenters' Hall in Philadelphia
  • 1774 Twelve of the thirteen American colonies adopt a trade embargo against Great Britain at the first Continental Congress at Carpenters' Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1774 With the meeting of the Continental Congress, Philadelphia becomes the 1st capital of the United States

Victory in Battle

1781 American Revolutionary War: French fleet of 24 ships under Comte de Grasse defeat British forces under Admiral Graves at the Battle of the Chesapeake [Battle of the Virginia Capes] and trap Cornwallis

  • 1786 Montplaisir Ceramic factory opens in Schaarbeek Belgium

French Revolution

1793 French Revolution: the "Reign of Terror" begins

  • 1795 USA and Algiers sign peace treaty
  • 1796 General Salicetti orders equal rights for Jews of Bologna, Italy
  • 1798 New conscription law goes into effect in France
  • 1800 Malta surrenders to British after they blockade French troops
  • 1814 -15] Battle of Masurische Meren: Germans chase Russians out of East Prussia

Historic Event

1816 Louis XVIII has to dissolve the Chambre introuvable ("Unobtainable Chamber").

Election of Interest

1836 Sam Houston elected President of the Republic of Texas

  • 1838 Central Museum opens in Utrecht Netherlands
  • 1839 The First Opium War begins in China
  • 1844 Iron ore discovered in Minnesota's Mesabi Mountains

Historic Event

1862 General Lee crosses Potomac & enters Maryland

  • 1863 Bread revolt in Mobile, Alabama
  • 1864 British, French & Dutch fleets attacked Japan in Shimonoseki Straits
  • 1864 Achille François Bazaine becomes Marshall of France.
  • 1877 Southern blacks led by Pap Singleton settle in Kansas
  • 1879 George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer, and commander on board the Jeannette, becomes trapped with his crew in pack ice during his attempt to reach the North Pole
  • 1882 10,000 workers march in 1st Labor Day parade in NYC
  • 1885 1st gasoline pump is delivered to a gasoline dealer (Ft Wayne, Ind)
  • 1887 Gas lamp at Theatre Royal in Exeter catches fire killing about 200
  • 1889 German Christine Hardt patents the first modern brassiere
  • 1895 George Washington Murray elected to Congress from SC
  • 1900 France proclaims a protectorate over Chad
  • 1901 National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues, better known as Minor League Baseball is formed at the Leland Hotel in Chicago
  • 1905 Lillian Mortimer's "No Mother to Guide" premieres in Detroit

Treaty of Interest

1905 The Treaty of Portsmouth is signed concluding the Russo-Japanese War; US President Theodore Roosevelt will receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his role as mediator

  • 1905 50 prominent men meet in Sydney's Australia Hotel to found the National Defense League fueled by fear of Japan after its victory over Russia
  • 1906 St. Louis University quarterback Bradbury Robinson throws first legal forward pass in the history of American football for a TD to Jack Schneider at Carroll College, Waukesha, Wisconsin; St. Louis wins, 22-0

Meeting of Interest

1907 King Edward VII of Great Britain meets Russia's Foreign Minister Alexander Izvolski in an attempt to strengthen Russia's relationship with Britain

  • 1908 Brooklyn Superbas pitcher Nap Rucker no-hits Boston Braves, 6-0 at Washington Park, Brooklyn
  • 1910 Jack Coombs begins a record streak of 53 shutout innings
  • 1913 Phillies & Braves tie record of only 1 run in a double header, Phillies win 1st game 1-0, then a scoreless tie into 10th
  • 1914 French headquarters move to Chatillon-sur-Seine
  • 1914 Great Britain, France, Belgium and Russia sign pact of London
  • 1914 Proclamation prohibits Canadian mint from issuing gold coins

Historic Communication

1914 US President Woodrow Wilson orders US Navy to make its wireless stations accessible for any transatlantic communications - even to German diplomats sending coded messages; leads to interception of the Zimmermann telegram, helping bring the US into the war

  • 1915 Anti-war conference in Zimmerwald, Switzerland

Historic Event

1915 Tsar Nicholas II, distressed by increasing Russian losses, assumes personal command of his nation's military forces; clearly a symbolic act and devastating for his leadership

  • 1916 US National Championship Men's Tennis: R. Norris Williams beats Bill Johnston 4-6, 6-4, 0-6, 6-2, 6-4 for his 2nd and final US singles crown

Film Release

1916 "Intolerance", silent film directed by D. W. Griffith, starring Vera Lewis and Ralph Lewis, is released

  • 1918 Due to WWI, 15th Baseball World Series begins a month early; Boston Red Sox defeat Chicago Cubs, 1-0 at Comiskey Park
  • 1918 Decree "On Red Terror" is published in Russia
  • 1920 Iron monument unveiled at Stone churches, Flanders

Baseball Record

1921 Walter Johnson sets MLB strikeout mark at 2,287

  • 1922 17th Davis Cup: USA beats Australasia in New York (4-1)
  • 1923 Flyweights Gene LaRue & Kid Pancho KO each other simultaneously
  • 1925 112 F (44°C), Centerville, Alabama (state record)
  • 1925 29th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Bobby Jones

Historic Event

1929 French premier Aristide Briand requests a United States of Europe

  • 1932 The French Upper Volta is broken apart between Ivory Coast, French Sudan, and Niger
  • 1937 Spanish Civil War: Llanes falls
  • 1938 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Philadelphia, PA: US retain title as Don Budge beats Australian Adrian Quist 8-6, 6-1, 6-2 for unbeatable 3-1 lead; ends 3-2

Historic Event

1939 FDR declares US neutrality at start of WW II in Europe

Historic Event

1939 New Zealand Prime Minister, Michael Joseph Savage declares New Zealand's support for Britain in the war with Germany; Savage famously told the nation 'where she goes, we go. Where she stands, we stand'

Historic Event

1939 J. B. M. Hertzog resigns as South African Prime Minister after losing a vote in parliament on neutrality in WWII

  • 1939 International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Haverford, PA: John Bromwich beats American Frank Parker 6-0, 6-3, 6-1 to give Australia the title, 3-2
  • 1942 Battle at Alam Halfa ends
  • 1942 British & US bomb Le Havre & Bremen
  • 1943 US airland at Nadzab, New Guinea
  • 1944 "Mad Tuesday" 65,000 Dutch nazi collaborators flee to Germany
  • 1944 5 resistance fighter executed in Terneuzen
  • 1944 Allies liberate Brussels
  • 1944 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands sign customs Unity treaty
  • 1944 Dutch Armed Forces forms, under prince Bernhard
  • 1946 "Yours Is My Heart", an adaptation of Franz Lehar's operetta "The Land of Smiles", opens at Shubert Theater, NYC; runs for 36 performances
  • 1946 Joe Garagiola plays his 1st major league baseball game, in his hometown of St. Louis; 2 RBI's in Cardinals' win over Chicago Cubs

Historic Event

1946 Amon Göth, former head of Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp, found guilty of imprisonment, torture, and extermination of individuals and groups of people, the first conviction of homicide at a war crimes court

  • 1948 Davis Cup Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: 3 straight titles for US as Gardnar Mulloy & Bill Talbert beat Australians Colin Long & Bill Sidwell 8-6, 9-7, 2-6, 7-5 for unassailable 3-0 lead; ends 5-0
  • 1948 In France, Robert Schuman becomes President of the Council while being Foreign minister, As such, he is the negotiator of the major treaties of the end of World War II.
  • 1949 US National Championship Men's Tennis: Pancho Gonzales beats fellow American Ted Schroeder 16-18, 2-6, 6-1, 6-2, 6-4; longest singles final match by games (67), before tiebreaker introduction
  • 1949 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Defending champion Margaret Osborne duPont beats fellow American Doris Hart 6-4, 6-1
  • 1950 98.3 cm rainfall at Yankeetown, Florida (state record)
  • 1950 US National Championship Men's Tennis: American Art Larsen beats countryman Herb Flam 6-3, 4-6, 5-7, 6-4, 6-3 for his only Grand Slam title
  • 1950 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: In an all-American final Margaret Osborne duPont beats Doris Hart 6-3, 6-3 for her third consecutive US singles crown

US Men's Tennis Open

1951 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Frank Sedgman of Australia beats American Vic Seixas 6-4, 6-1, 6-1 for his first of 2 straight US singles crowns

US Open Women's Tennis

1951 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Maureen Connolly wins her 1st of 9 Grand Slam singles titles; beats fellow American Shirley Fry 6-3, 1-6, 6-4

  • 1952 General Carlos Ibáñez elected president of Chile
  • 1953 1st privately operated atomic reactor-Raleigh, NC
  • 1953 US give Persian premier Zahedi $45 million aid
  • 1954 Dutch Super Constellation crashes at Shannon, 28 die
  • 1955 Fred Kaps becomes world champion magician
  • 1955 Dodger Don Newcombe hits NL pitcher record 7th HR of season
  • 1955 WKRG TV channel 5 in Mobile, AL (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 WTTW TV channel 11 in Chicago, IL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 20 die in a train crash in Springer NM

Historic Event

1957 Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista bombs an uprising in Cienfuegos

Historic Event

1957 Yugoslavia bans Milovan Djilas' book "new class marine officers"

Historic Publication

1957 "On the Road" by Jack Kerouac is published by Viking Press in New York

Historic Publication

1958 "Doctor Zhivago" novel by Boris Pasternak published in US

  • 1958 1st color video recording on magnetic tape presented, Charlotte, North Carolina
  • 1958 WKPC TV channel 15 in Louisville, Kentucky (PBS) begins broadcasting

Television Premiere

1958 "The Huckleberry Hound Show" by Hanna-Barbera featuring Yogi Bear premieres on US TV

  • 1959 Wash Senator Jim Lemon is 7th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (3rd)

Olympic Gold

1960 Cassius Clay [Muhammad Ali] beats 3-time European champion Zbigniew Pietrzykowski of Poland by unanimous points decision to win Olympic light heavyweight boxing gold medal at the Rome Games

  • 1960 President Kasavubu fires premier Patrice Lumumba of Congo
  • 1960 The poet Léopold Sédar Senghor is elected as the first President of Senegal.

Sports History

1960 A. J. Foyt wins the first of 67 Indy car victories at Du Quoin, Illinois. State Fairgrounds

  • 1960 Future world middleweight boxing champion Nino Benvenuti of Italy beats Yuri Radonyak of the Soviet Union to win welterweight gold medal at the Rome Olympics

Historic Event

1961 JFK begins underground nuclear testing

  • 1961 US President JFK signs law against hijacking (death penalty)
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1962 Atletico Madrid of Spain win 2nd European Cup Winner's Cup against ACF Fiorentina of Italy 3-0 in Stuttgart (replay)
  • 1962 Cubs Ken Hubbs sets 2nd base record for consecutive errorless games at 78 & consecutive errorless chances (418), he errors in the 4th

Telethon

1966 Jerry Lewis' 1st Muscular Dystrophy Labor Day telethon raises $1 million

  • 1966 WRLK TV channel 35 in Columbia, SC (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 -23] Hurricane Beuleah, kills 54 in the Caribbean, Mexico & Texas
  • 1967 KMEG TV channel 14 in Sioux City, IA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 WEBA TV channel 14 in Allendale, SC (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1969 Frente Obrero wins Dutch Antilles national elections
  • 1970 Estimated 15 cm (6") of rainfall, Bug Point, Utah (state record)
  • 1971 Astros pitcher J R Richard debut, strikes out 15 Giants in a 5-3 win
  • 1971 NY Mets Don Hahn hits 1st inside the park homer at Phillies Vet
  • 1972 11 Israeli athletes taken hostage and later killed by Palestinian Black September group at the Munich Olympics
  • 1972 Chemical spill with fog sickens hundreds in Meuse Valley Belgium
  • 1973 "Desert Song" opens at Uris Theater NYC for 15 performances
  • 1973 1st one-day Cricket international for WI (v Eng) - lose by 1 wicket
  • 1973 Conference of less developed countries approves forming "producers' associations" and calls for withdrawal of Israeli forces from occupied Arab lands

Assassination Attempt

1975 First assassination attempt on US President Gerald Ford by Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme in Sacramento, California

  • 1975 Portugal Prime Minister Vasco Gonçalves dismissed
  • 1975 Wings release single "Letting Go"
  • 1976 "Rex" closes at Lunt-Fontaine Theater NYC after 48 performances
  • 1976 "Very Good Eddie" closes at Booth Theater NYC after 307 performances

Television Premiere

1976 Jim Henson's "The Muppet Show" premieres on television with Mia Farrow as the guest star

  • 1977 Cleveland Indians stage 1st "I hate the Yankee Hanky Night"
  • 1977 Jerry Lewis' 12th Muscular Dystrophy telethon
  • 1977 Red Army Faction kidnaps and subsequently murders West German business executive Hanns Martin Schleyer
  • 1977 Voyager 1 (US) launched toward fly-by of Jupiter, Saturn
  • 1979 Oakland A's pitcher Matt Keough beats Milwaukee Brewers, 6-1 for first win after 14 straight losses, ended 1978 with 18 defeats (1 shy of the MLB record 19)
  • 1979 Canada puts its first gold bullion coin on sale

Historic Event

1979 Earl of Mountbatten's Ceremonial Funeral held in Westminster Abbey

  • 1979 Iranian army occupies Piranshahr

US Men's Tennis Open

1979 American Roscoe Tanner fires 11 aces, breaks the net with his bullet serve and upsets top-seed Björn Borg 6-2, 4-6, 6-2, 7-6 in the US Open Tennis quarterfinals

  • 1980 Poland party leader Edward Gierek resigns
  • 1980 World's longest road tunnel, St Gotthard in Swiss Alps, opens
  • 1982 US Men's Amateur Golf Championship, The Country Club: Jay Sigel wins 8 & 7 over David Tolley
  • 1982 Eddie Hill sets propeller-driven boat water speed record of 229 mph
  • 1983 8th Space Shuttle Mission-Challenger 3-lands at Edwards AFB
  • 1983 Elmer Trettr sets record for highest terminal velocity at 201.34 mph
  • 1983 Jerry Lewis' 18th Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $30,691,627
  • 1984 12th Space Shuttle Mission (41-D) -Discovery 1- lands at Edwards AFB
  • 1986 Hijacking of aircraft Pan Am 73 at Karachi airport, Pakistan, 20 passengers killed
  • 1986 NASA awards study contracts to 5 aerospace firms
  • 1986 NASA launches DOD-1
  • 1987 Carlton Fisk clubs his 300th career HR off Danny Jackson

Tennis Open

1987 John McEnroe is fined $17,500 for tirades at US Tennis Open

Sports History

1987 2nd World Championships in Athletics: Carl Lewis wins gold in Men's Long Jump

  • 1988 Jerry Lewis' 23rd Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $41,132,113
  • 1988 CFL's Earl Winfield (Ham) scores TDs on 101-yd punt return, 100-yd kickoff return & 58-yd pass reception
  • 1989 Chris Evert's final US Open tennis match; defeated by Zina Garrison 7-6, 6-2 in the quarter finals
  • 1989 Deborah Norville becomes news anchor of Today Show

Television Premiere

1989 Daytime talk show "The Joan Rivers Show" hosted by Joan Rivers premieres on US TV

Historic Event

1990 Iraqi President Saddam Hussein urges Arabs to rise against the West

US Men's Tennis Open

1990 #12 seed Pete Sampras ends #3 Ivan Lendl's bid for 9th straight US Open final with classic 6-4, 7-6, 3-6, 4-6, 6-2 quarter final win; goes on to win 1st career Grand Slam title

  • 1991 8th MTV Video Music Awards: REM wins

Historic Event

1991 Nelson Mandela chosen as president of African National Congress

  • 1992 Dan O'Brien sets world record decathlon (8891 pts)
  • 1993 "Fool Moon" closes at Richard Rodgers Theater NYC after 207 performances
  • 1993 "Jelly's Last Jam" closes at Virginia Theater NYC after 569 performances
  • 1993 Musical "Will Rogers Follies" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 983 performances with 6 Tony Awards

Film & TV History

1993 F. Murray Abraham released from hospital after car accident

  • 1993 Noureddine Morceli runs world record mile (3:44,39)
  • 1994 Jerry Lewis' 29th Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $47,100,000
  • 1994 Jingyi Le swims world record 100m women's freestyle (54.01 sec)
  • 1994 Kirgizia government resigns

NFL Record

1994 SF wide receiver Jerry Rice catches 2 touchdown passes and runs for another score in 49ers' 44-14 rout of the Raiders; surpasses Jim Brown as NFL's career TD leader with 127

Baseball Record

1995 Cal Ripken Jr ties Gehrig's record of playing in 2,130 straight games

  • 1996 "Summer & Smoke" opens at Criterion Theater NYC
  • 1996 Following US cruise missile strikes on Iraq, crude oil prices rise as the market speculates when Iraq will begin exporting oil under UN Resolution 986
  • 1997 Athens in Greece, selected to host 2004 Olympics
  • 1997 Orioles beat Yankes 13-9 in longest 9 inning game
  • 2000 The Haverstraw-Ossining Ferry makes its maiden voyage.
  • 2001 John Cage's musical composition "As Slow as Possible", to be played for 639 years, begins at St. Burchardi Church, Halberstadt, Germany
  • 2005 Mandala Airlines Flight 91 crashes into a heavily-populated residential area, seconds after taking off from Medan in Sumatra, Indonesia, killing 100 people on board and 49 people on the ground
  • 2007 Three terrorists suspected to be a part of Al-Qaeda are arrested in Germany after allegedly planning attacks on both the Frankfurt International airport and US military installations.
  • 2009 Denmark celebrates the first national flagday, in memory of the fallen Danes in international operations since 1948.
  • 2012 54 people are killed and 50 injured after a firecracker factory explodes in Nadu
  • 2012 Austerity measure requires Greece to increase its maximum working days to six per week
  • 2012 25 are killed and 4 wounded after an ammunition store exploded in Afyon, Turkey