On This Day

Historical Events on September 8

  • 1024 Duke Conrad II chosen as German king and crowned at Mainz Cathedral
  • 1141 -9] Battle of Samarkand: Yelutashi defeats Islams
  • 1156 Henry II Jasormigott leaves Bavaria
  • 1264 The Statute of Kalisz, guaranteeing Jews safety and personal liberties and giving battei din jurisdiction over Jewish matters, is promulgated by Boleslaus the Pious, Duke of Greater Poland.
  • 1276 John XXI [Peter Juliani] elected Pope, only Portuguese Pope
  • 1303 Anagni: French King Philip IV captures Pope Boniface VIII
  • 1331 Stefan Dušan declares himself king of Serbia
  • 1380 Battle on Kulikovo: Moscow's great monarch Dimitri defeats the Mongols beginning the decline of the Tatars
  • 1449 Battle of Tumu Fortress - Mongolians capture the Chinese Emperor Yingzong of Ming
  • 1514 Battle of Orsha: Polish Lithuania army defeat the Russian army

Historic Expedition

1522 Spanish navigator Juan de Elcano returns to Spain, completing 1st circumnavigation of the globe (expedition began under Ferdinand Magellan)

  • 1536 Earl of Nassau disbands siege of Peronne
  • 1545 English Earl of Hertford leads retaliatory mission against Scotland
  • 1563 Maximilian chosen king of Hungary
  • 1565 1st permanent European settlement in the US founded at St. Augustine, Florida
  • 1565 Turkish siege of Malta broken by Maltese & Knights of St John

Victory in Battle

1628 Dutch privateer Piet Heyn captures Spanish silver fleet in the Bay of Matanzas, Cuba

  • 1664 Dutch surrender colony of New Netherlands (including New York) to 300 English soldiers
  • 1689 China & Russia sign Treaty of Nertsjinsk (Nierchul), checked Russian expansion but opened trade further between the two countries
  • 1713 Pope Clemens XI publishes decree "Unigenitus" against Jansenism
  • 1727 A barn fire during a puppet show in the village of Burwell in Cambridgeshire, England kills 78 people, many of whom are children.
  • 1755 Battle of Lake George in the Province of New York: British army beats French
  • 1756 Kittanning Expedition:s 30-40 Lenape Indians killed by Pennsylvania Provincial troops during French and Indian War
  • 1760 French army surrenders Montreal to General Jeffrey Amherst
  • 1771 Mission San Gabriel Archangel forms in California

French Revolution

1796 Battle of Bassano: Napoleon Bonaparte's French army defeat Austrian force during French Revolutionary Wars

  • 1831 William IV is crowned King of Great Britain, then aged 64 the oldest person to assume the British throne
  • 1847 US under General Scott defeat Mexicans at Battle of Molino del Rey
  • 1855 French forces successfully assault the Malakoff Line during the Crimean War
  • 1855 British and French troops capture Sevastopol from the Russians, effectively ending the Crimean War

Historic Event

1858 Abraham Lincoln supposedly says in a speech "You may fool all the people some of the time; you can even fool some of the people all the time; but you can’t fool all of the people all the time"

  • 1860 Excursion steamer "Lady Elgin" sinks after being rammed in a storm on Lake Michigan drowning about 300. Largest loss of life on the Great Lakes.
  • 1863 -10] Federal troops reconquer the Cumperland Gap, Tennessee
  • 1863 Battle of Sabine Pass Texas: 47 Texas volunteers repel Federal forces
  • 1863 Battle of Telford's Depot, Tennessee
  • 1868 New York Athletic Club forms
  • 1870 Netherlands and Britain sign "Koelietraktaat" an agreement to allow Indian contract workers from Calcutta to work in sugar plantations in Suriname
  • 1883 New York Gothams score 13 runs in an inning in a 16-6 win over Philadelphia Quakers at Recreation Park, Philadelphia; MLB record (18) set 2 days earlier
  • 1883 Northern Pacific RR's last spike driven at Independence Creek, Montana
  • 1888 In England the first six Football League matches ever are played
  • 1892 1st appearance of "Pledge of Allegiance" (Youth's Companion)

Sports History

1894 Employed by Thomas Edison, William K.L. Dickson films first boxing match at West Orange, New Jersey, an exhibition between world heavyweight champion James J. Corbett and Peter Courtney

  • 1899 British government sends an additional 10,000 troops to Natal, South Africa
  • 1900 6,000 killed when a hurricane & tidal wave strikes Galveston, Texas
  • 1905 Pittsburgh Pirates strand NL record 18 men on base in 8-3 defeat to Cincinnati Reds at Exposition Park, Pittsburgh
  • 1907 Pope Pius X publishes encyclical Pasceni dominici gregis (anti-modernism)
  • 1914 HMS (formerly RMS) Oceanic, sister ship of RMS Titanic, sinks off Scotland
  • 1914 Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during WW1
  • 1915 Association of Negro Life & History founded in the US (now the Association for the Study of African American Life and History)
  • 1915 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: William Johnston beats Maurice McLoughlin 1-6, 6-0, 7-5, 10-8 in first US event held at West Side Tennis Club, Forest Hills, New York

Historic Event

1916 US President Woodrow Wilson signs the Emergency Revenue Act, doubling the rate of income tax and adding inheritance and munitions profits tax

  • 1920 US Air Mail service begins (NYC to San Francisco)
  • 1921 1st Miss America crowned in Atlantic City - Margaret Gorman (16) of Washington, D.C.
  • 1923 Honda Point Disaster: nine US Navy destroyers run aground off the California coast. Seven are lost.
  • 1924 Alexandra Kollontai of Russia becomes 1st woman ambassador
  • 1926 League of Nations Assembly votex unanimously to admit Germany
  • 1930 1st appearance of comic strip "Blondie"
  • 1930 NYC public schools begin teaching Hebrew
  • 1930 American inventor Richard Gurley Drew creates Scotch tape

Historic Event

1933 Second Spanish government of Manuel Azaña forms

  • 1934 Luxury passenger ship Morro Castle bound for New Jersey catches fire, 133 die
  • 1935 Willy de Supervise swims runs world record 200 m freestyle (2:25.2)
  • 1936 Princess Juliana of The Netherlands & German prince Bernard Lippe-Biesterfeld become engaged
  • 1937 Pan Arab conference about Palestine opens

Historic Event

1939 FDR declares "limited national emergency" due to war in Europe

  • 1939 General Von Reichenau's panzer division reaches suburbs of Warsaw
  • 1939 Indians Bob Feller, 20, is youngest pitcher to win 20 games
  • 1939 Yanks beat Red Sox 4-1 in 7, game called because of lightning

Siege of Leningrad

1941 WWII: Siege of Leningrad by German, Finnish, and eventually Spanish troops begins; battle lasted over 28 months, as Russia repels the invasion; well over a million lives

  • 1941 Blockade of Leningrad (St Petersburg) by German forces begins
  • 1941 Entire Jewish community of Meretsch, Lithuania, is exterminated
  • 1943 Italy surrenders to Allies in WWII

Historic Event

1943 Lieutenant-General Omar Bradley flies to Carthago/Algiers from Sicily

  • 1943 NY Giants' pitcher Ace Adams sets record by working in his 62nd game
  • 1944 1st V-2 rockets land in London & Antwerp
  • 1944 Russians march into Bulgaria; Bulgaria declares war on Germany
  • 1945 US invades Japanese-held Korea
  • 1946 Bill Kennedy of Rocky Mount (CPL) strikes out minors record 456
  • 1946 Bulgaria ends its monarchy
  • 1946 San Francisco 49ers play 1st AAFC game, lose to NY Yankees 21-7
  • 1946 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Jack Kramer beats fellow American Tom Brown Jr. 9-7, 6-3, 6-0 for his first of 2 straight US singles crowns
  • 1946 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: In an all-American final Pauline Betz Addie beats Patricia Canning Todd 11-9, 6-3 for her 4th and last US singles title
  • 1948 British De Havilland DH108-fighter flies faster than sound
  • 1951 Japan signs peace treaty with 48 countries in San Francisco

Catholic Encyclical

1951 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Sempiternus Rex

Historic Publication

1952 Ernest Hemingway's novel "The Old Man & the Sea" published

  • 1952 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Australian Frank Sedgman wins his second straight US title; beats American Gardnar Mulloy 6-1, 6-2, 6-3; last amateur major before turning pro in 1953

US Open Women's Tennis

1952 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Defending champion Maureen Connolly beats fellow American Doris Hart 6-3, 7-5

  • 1953 "Carnival in Flanders" opens at New Century Theater NY for 6 performances
  • 1953 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fulgeno corona

Sports History

1954 With a 3-2 count, Phillies Richie Ashburn fouls next 14, then walks

  • 1954 Alan Freed leaves Cleveland to NYC for WINS radio
  • 1954 SE Asia Treaty Org (SEATO) forms to stop communist spread in SE Asia
  • 1955 Earliest clinching of an NL pennant (Brooklyn Dodgers)
  • 1956 Harry Belafonte's album "Calypso" goes #1 & stays #1 for 31 weeks
  • 1957 Jackie Wilson, releases his 1st solo single "Reet Petite"
  • 1957 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical on motion pictures, radio and television
  • 1957 Juan Manuel Fangio confirms his F1 World Drivers Championship, finishing 2nd in the season ending Italian GP at Monza; takes record 5th title by 15 points from Stirling Moss

US Men's Tennis Open

1957 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: In an all-Australian final Mal Anderson wins his only Grand Slam event; beats Ashley Cooper 10-8, 7-5, 6-4

  • 1957 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Althea Gibson beats Louise Brough Clapp 6-3, 6-2 for the first of her 2 home singles crowns
  • 1958 Oman turns over Gwadur (on Baluchistan coast) to Pakistan
  • 1958 Paul Anka opens Asian tour in Tokyo

Baseball Record

1958 Pirate Roberto Clemente ties modern record of 3 triples in a game

  • 1959 The Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) is established.
  • 1960 German Democratic Republic limits access to East-Berlin for West Berliners
  • 1960 American sprinter Wilma Rudolph wins her third gold medal of the Rome Olympics anchoring the US 4 x 100m relay team; earlier won 100/200m double
  • 1960 US 4 x 400m relay team of Jack Yerman, Earl Young, Glenn Davis & Otis Davis run a world record 3:02.2 to win the gold medal at the Rome Olympics
  • 1960 German 4 x 100m relay team equal world record 39.5 to win the gold medal at the Rome Olympics; Bernd Cullmann, Armin Hary, Walter Mahlendorf & Martin Lauer
  • 1962 Chinese troops exceed Mac-Mahon-line (Tibet-India boundary)
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 Last run of the famous Pines Express over the Somerset and Dorset Railway line (UK) fittingly using the last steam locomotive built by British Railways, 9F locomotive 92220 'Evening Star'
  • 1963 Algerian population accepts constitution

Sports History

1963 Milwaukee Braves future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Warren Spahn ties Christy Mathewson with 13 x 20-win seasons

  • 1963 Ines Cuervo de Priete, 34, gives birth to quintuplets, all boys in Venezuela
  • 1963 Scottish Lotus driver Jim Clark wins the Italian Grand Prix at Monza to clinch his first F1 World Drivers Championship; Clark's 5th GP win of the season
  • 1963 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Rafael Osuna of Mexico beats Frank Froehling 7-5, 6-4, 6-2 for his lone major singles title

US Open Women's Tennis

1963 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Maria Bueno of Brazil wins second of 4 US singles crowns; beats defending champion Margaret Smith of Australia 7-5, 6-4

  • 1965 Hurricane Betsy kills 75 in Louisiana & Florida
  • 1965 Kansas City A's Bert Campaneris plays all 9 positions in a game

Hey, Hey – We're The Monkees

1965 Small ads in Daily Variety and Hollywood Reporter attract 437 young men interested in forming the world’s first manufactured boy band, "The Monkees" - 3 are chosen with Davey Jones already having been cast

Television Premiere

1966 "Star Trek" 1st premieres on NBC-TV starring William Shatner and Leonard Nimoy

  • 1966 "That Girl" starring Marlo Thomas premieres on ABC-TV

Historic Event

1966 The Severn Bridge between England and Wales is officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II

  • 1967 Surveyor 5 launched; makes soft landing on Moon Sept 10
  • 1967 Uganda abolishes traditional tribal kingdoms, becomes a republic
  • 1967 The formal end of steam traction in the North East of England by British Railways.
  • 1968 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1968 Saundra Williams wins 1st Miss Black America pageant

US Men's Tennis Open

1968 US Open Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Arthur Ashe wins first Open era US title; beats Dutchman Tom Okker 14-12, 5-7, 6-3, 3-6, 6-3

  • 1969 Suleiman Maghrabi appointed premier of Libya
  • 1969 US amateur Men's Tennis: Stan Smith beats Bob Lutz (97 63 61)

US Open Women's Tennis

1969 US Open Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Australian Margaret Court wins her third US singles title & 16th Grand Slam singles event; beats Nancy Richey 6-2, 6-2

  • 1970 Black September hijackings begin, three airliners hijacked and blown up by Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
  • 1971 John F. Kennedy Center for Performing Arts opens in Washington, D.C.
  • 1972 Chic Cub Ferguson Jenkins wins his 20th game for 6th straight year
  • 1972 Jim Ryan (US) & Billy Fordjour (Ghana) collide & fall in qualifying competitions for 1,500m finals, ending Ryan's chances for gold
  • 1972 Mykola Avilov representing the Soviet Union scores a world record 8454 points to win the decathlon gold medal at the Munich Olympics; beats teammate Leonid Lytvynenko by 419 points
  • 1972 East German Annelie Ehrhardt with a world record 12.59 takes the 100m hurdles gold medal at the Munich Olympics; beats Romanian Valeria Bufanu by just 0.25

Sports History

1973 Billy Martin named manager of the Texas Rangers

Baseball Record

1973 Hank Aaron sets record of most HRs in 1 league (709)

  • 1973 Rebecca Ann King (Colo), 23, crowned 46th Miss America 1974
  • 1973 "Star Trek - Animated Series" premieres on TV
  • 1973 US Open Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Margaret Court wins her 24th and final Grand Slam singles title; beats fellow Australian Evonne Goolagong Cawley 7-6, 5-7, 6-2
  • 1974 England's Ian Thompson wins European Championship marathon in 2:13:18.8 in Rome, Italy

Historic Event

1974 US President Gerald Ford pardons former President Richard Nixon of all federal crimes

US Men's Tennis Open

1974 US Open Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Jimmy Connors wins his first of 5 US singles titles; outclasses veteran Australian Ken Rosewall 6-1, 6-0, 6-1 in last event played on grass

Historic Event

1974 Evil Knievel attempts to jump the Snake River Canyon in Idaho but fails, escaping with minor injuries

  • 1975 Boston begins court-ordered bussing of public schools
  • 1975 Guinee-Bissau declares independence from Portugal
  • 1976 Fons Rademakers' film "Max Havelaar" premieres in Amsterdam
  • 1977 Interpol sends a resolution concerning video piracy
  • 1977 Jimmy McCulloch quits Wings
  • 1978 2nd game of Boston Massacre; NY Yankees beat Red Sox, 13-2

Historic Event

1978 Iranian army fires on Khomeini followers in Tehran, 100s killed

  • 1979 Cheryl Prewitt (Miss), 22, crowned 52nd Miss America 1980
  • 1979 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

US Open Women's Tennis

1979 US Open Women's Tennis: Tracy Austin becomes youngest US champion (16 years, 9 months); beats Chris Evert 6-4, 6-3

Sports History

1980 Bowie Kuhn suspends Ferguson Jenkins indefinitely due to drug arrest

  • 1981 British TV comedy "Only Fools and Horses" created by John Sullivan, starring David Jason, Nicholas Lyndhurst and Lennard Pearce premieres on BBC One
  • 1982 Dutch social democratic party wins elections, fascist enters Dutch parliament
  • 1983 NASA launches RCA-6
  • 1984 Challenger moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) for mating of STS 41G mission
  • 1985 "USA Weekend's" 1st issue, appears in 255 newspapers
  • 1985 7 die in a car & train crash in San Jose, California
  • 1985 Alayson Gibbons sets 24 hr women swim record of 42.05 mi in 25 m pool
  • 1985 Shuttle Discovery flies back to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly AFB

US Men's Tennis Open

1985 US Open Men's Tennis: Czech star Ivan Lendl wins his first US title; beats NYC home town favourite John McEnroe 7-6, 6-3, 6-4

  • 1986 Westinghouse sells background music company Muzak to the Fields Company of Chicago

Historic Event

1986 "The Oprah Winfrey Show" is first broadcast nationally

  • 1988 Javier Sotomayer of Cuba high jumps world record 2.43m
  • 1988 NL president A. Bartlett Giamatti is unanimously elected Major League Baseball's 7th Commissioner

Baseball Record

1989 George Brett gets his 2,500th hit

  • 1989 Mausoleum of Beatrice of Brabant (1288) discovered in Kortrijk, Belgium
  • 1989 Norwegian Convair 580 crashes at Jutland in sea (55 murder)
  • 1990 Ellis Island Historical Site opens on Ellis Island NYC

US Open Women's Tennis

1990 US Open Women's Tennis: Gabriela Sabatini becomes only Argentine woman to win a Grand Slam singles event; beats Steffi Graf 6-2, 7-6

  • 1991 NFL Buffalo Bill QB Jim Kelly passes for 6 touchdowns vs Pittsburgh Steelers (52-34)
  • 1991 Macedonia votes for independence from Yugoslavia
  • 1991 US Open Men's Tennis: Stefan Edberg of Sweden wins his first US title; beats American Jim Courier 6-2, 6-4, 6-0
  • 1992 Danny Tartabull has 9 RBIs as Yanks beat Orioles 16-4
  • 1992 Howard Stern Radio Show begins broadcasting in Dallas (KGEL-FM 97.1)
  • 1993 Baseball's proposed switch to a three-division format OKed in AL
  • 1993 Wang Junxia creates a women's world record 10,000m (29:31.78) at the Chinese National Games
  • 1993 Houston's Darryl Kile throws 3rd no-hitter of season in Astros' 7-1 win over NY Mets
  • 1994 "Philadelphia, Here I Come" opens at Criterion NYC for 52 performances
  • 1994 Last US, British & French troops leave West Berlin
  • 1994 Man shoots another man on IRT #4 train at Grand Central Station
  • 1994 USAir Boeing 737 crashes at Pitts Airport, killing all 132 on board
  • 1994 Sri Lanka defeat Australia to win Singer World Series at Colombo
  • 1995 Cleveland Indians clinch 1st AL Central Division title

Theatrical Finale

1996 August Wilson's drama "Seven Guitars" closes at Walter Kerr Theater, NYC, after 188 performances

  • 1996 48th Emmy Awards: ER, Dennis Franz & Kathy Baker win
  • 1997 TV series "Ally McBeal" starring Calista Flockhart, created by David E. Kelley premieres on Fox in the US
  • 1999 US Attorney General Janet Reno names former Senator John Danforth to head an independent investigation of the 1993 fire at the Branch Davidian church near Waco, Texas in response to revelations in the film "Waco The Rules of Engagement"