Birthdays in History on April 1

  • 1220 Emperor Go-Saga of Japan (d. 1272)
  • 1283 Ludwig IV of Baveria, Roman Catholic Bavarian emperor (1314-47)
  • 1543 François de Bonne, duc de Lesdiguières, Constable of France (d. 1626)
  • 1578 William Harvey, English physician (discovered blood circulation), born in Folkestone, Kent (d. 1657)
  • 1610 Charles de Saint-Évremond, French soldier (d. 1703)
  • 1621 Guru Teg Bahadur Ji, ninth Nanak, 9th of 10 Guru of the Sikhs, born in Amritsar, India (d. 1675)
  • 1640 Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (d. 1697)
  • 1647 John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, English poet (d. 1680)
  • 1697 Antoine François Prévost, French author and novelist (d. 1763)
  • 1753 Joseph de Maistre, French diplomat and writer (d. 1821)
  • 1755 Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, French lawyer (Fisiologia del Gusto)
  • 1765 Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver (d. 1810)

Person of interestSophie Germain

1776 Sophie Germain, French mathematician, born in Paris, France (d. 1831)

Mathematician Sophie Germain
Mathematician
Sophie Germain
  • 1785 J H Ferdinand Olivier, German painter
  • 1807 Fredrik Cygnaeus, Finnish poet/literature critic
  • 1809 Willem Ruys J Dz, Dutch ship owner

Person of interestOtto von Bismarck

1815 Otto von Bismarck, German chancellor (1866-90) who helped unify Germany, born in Schönhausen, Prussia (d. 1898)

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1817 Johannes J van Oosterzee, Dutch theologist
  • 1823 Simón Bolívar Buckner, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1914)
  • 1834 Big Jim Fisk, American entrepreneur (d. 1872)
  • 1843 Ludwig Enneccerus, German jurist
  • 1847 Jules-Nicolas Crevaux, French explorer (South America)
  • 1852 Edward Austin Abbey, American painter (Quest of the Holy Grail)
  • 1854 Bill Traylor, American artist (d. 1949)
  • 1856 Acacio Gabriel Viegas, Indian physician (d. 1933)
  • 1858 Arnold Aletrino, Dutch physician-criminologist/author (From Life)
  • 1858 Gaetano Mosca, Italian sociologist (Circulation of Elite)
  • 1864 Marie Jungius, Dutch fairy tale writer
  • 1865 Richard Zsigmondy, German chemist (Nobel-1925)
  • 1866 Sophonisba Breckenridge, scholar/teacher/social activist
  • 1868 Edmond Rostand, French poet/playwright (Cyrano de Bergerac)
  • 1869 Peter A Egge, Norwegian writer (De Droom)

Person of interestEdgar Wallace

1875 Edgar Wallace, English novelist, playwright and journalist (The Terror, The Four Just Men) who created King Kong, born in Greenwich, England (d. 1932)

  • 1878 Carl Sternheim, German playwright (Hyperion/Tabula Rasa)
  • 1880 Agha Petros, Assyrian general (d. 1932)
  • 1885 Clementine Ogilvy Spencer-Churchill (Hozier), British barones
  • 1887 Leonard Bloomfield, US linguist
  • 1897 Willem H van de Pol, Dutch theologist (Christian Dilemma)
  • 1898 Pola Gojawiczynska, Polish writer (Stolica)
  • 1898 Roger Bastide, French sociologist
  • 1898 William James Sidis, American genius (d. 1944)

  • 1899 Gustavs Celmins, Latvian politician (d. 1968)
  • 1900 Robert McDowell, Mayor of Maryborough, Queensland (d. 1988)
  • 1901 Whittaker Chambers, American writer, editor, and defector (d. 1961)
  • 1902 Maria Polydouri, Greek poet (d. 1930)
  • 1904 Juan Gil-Albert, Spanish poet and writer, born in Alcoy (d. 1994)
  • 1905 Clara "Mother" Hale, US social worker (Hale House)
  • 1905 Gaston Eyskens, Prime Minister of Belgium (1949, 1958-61, 1968-72), born in Lier, Belgium (d. 1988)
  • 1908 Abraham H Maslow, US psychologist (humanistic psychology)
  • 1911 Ferdinand J Kranenburg, Dutch Secretary of Defense (soc dem)
  • 1919 Joseph Murray, American surgeon, Nobel laureate, (d. 2012)
  • 1922 William Manchester, Attleboro Mass, historian (Death of a President)
  • 1924 Brendan Byrne, Governor of New Jersey
  • 1925 Sala Burton, (Rep-D-CA, 1983- )

Person of interestAnne McCaffrey

1926 Anne [Inez] McCaffrey, American sci-fi author (Dragonflight, Dragondrums), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2011)

Sci-Fi Author Anne McCaffrey
Sci-Fi Author
Anne McCaffrey
  • 1928 Dimitri Frenkel Frank, Dutch writer/director (Hadimassa)
  • 1929 Milan Kundera, Czech poet and writer (Joke, Unbearable Lightness of Being), born in Brno, Czechoslovakia
  • 1931 Rolf Hochhuth, German playwright (Deputy)
  • 1931 Charles Price, American Businessman and diplomat, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2012)
  • 1933 Dan Flavin, US minimalist sculptor
  • 1933 Stan Weston, US toy licensing agent, had concept for G.I. Joe, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1934 Vladimir Posner, Russian-French-American journalist who represented and explained the views of the Soviet Union during the Cold War, born in Paris
  • 1935 Larry McDonald, American politician (d. 1983)
  • 1936 Jean-Pascal Delamuraz, Swiss politician, president of the Confederation in 1989 and 1996 (d. 1998)

Person of interestWangari Maathai

1940 Wangari Maathai, Kenyan environmentalist and political activist, founder of the Green Belt Movement, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (2004) and Indira Gandhi Peace Prize (2006), born in Ihithe village, Kenya (d. 2011)

Environmentalist Wangari Maathai
Environmentalist
Wangari Maathai
  • 1942 Samuel R[ay] Delany Jr, American sci-fi author (Towers of Toron, Neveryona)
  • 1946 William Frederick Fisher, MD/astronaut (STS 51-I), born in Dallas, Texas
  • 1946 Arrigo Sacchi, Italian football coach
  • 1947 Alain Connes, French mathematician
  • 1949 Gérard Mestrallet, French businessman (Engie), born in Paris, France
  • 1949 Paul Manafort, American political consultant (Trump campaign chairman), born in New Britain, Connecticut
  • 1950 Ed[uardus] HTM Nijpels, Dutch minister of Environment (VVD)
  • 1950 Leonard van Spirit, Dutch-British food magnate
  • 1950 Samuel Alito, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (2006-), born in Trenton, New Jersey
  • 1951 John Philip Abizaid, U.S. Army General, former CENTCOM commander
  • 1952 Abdel Basset Ali Al-Megrahi, Tripoli Libya, bomber (Pan Am 103), (d. 2012)
  • 1952 Bernard Stiegler, French philosopher
  • 1953 Barry Sonnenfeld, director (Get Shorty, Men in Black), born in NYC, New York
  • 1955 Gregg Jarrett, American television anchor
  • 1957 Peter Deutsch, (Rep-D-Florida)
  • 1962 Dave Ulliott, English poker player
  • 1966 Chris Evans, English disc jockey
  • 1973 Rachel Maddow, American radio personality and political analyst
  • 1979 Ivano Balić, Croatian handballer
  • 1981 Aimee Chan, Miss Hong Kong 2006